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150kV BINTARO II GIS

RELAY'S SETTING

1

UNDERGROUND CABLE TO BINTARO I & II

1.1

LINE DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION RELAY MICOM P543

1.1.1

1.1.1.1

1.1.1.2

1.1.1.3

1.1.1.4

SYSTEM DATA

Relay data

Manufacturer :

Type :

Documentation :

Rated Current :

ALSTOM MiCOM P543 P54x/EN M/La4 i n  1A

Line's characteristics

Rated

voltage

:

Rated current of the protected line

:

Maximum fault current

 

:

Fault withstanding duration

:

Frequency Lenght of the Line / Cable

 

:

:

Steady state line charging current (Asummed)

 

:

U r 150kV I r 1600A I f 40kA t 1sec f 50Hz L c 7km A

I

c

 2.5

km

CTs and VTs characteristics

Rated secondary current :

Rated secondary voltage :

Secondary/primary impedance factor : F

I n 1A U n 100V

K

CT's ratio :

:

VT's

ratio

1

u F 1.067

i

K

: : VT's ratio  1 u F  1.067  i  K K i

K i

K u





I

r I n

1

U

r

U n

1

Line's impedance in secondary value

Protected line conductor (Cilegon Baru S/S - Krakatau Posco GIS)

Posive sequence impedance

Zero-sequence impedance

Positive and negative sequence impedance

Zero sequence impedance

:

:

:

:

:

L1  7km

Z

p1L

Z o1L



(0.034 i0.293) Ω km 1

(0.184 0.879i) Ω km 1



z p1 2.2 Ω



z o1 6.71 Ω

z

z

p1bt

o1bt

p1L

Z

o1L

Z

L1F

L1F

z p1bt (0.25 2.19i)Ω

θ p1 83.38deg

z o1bt (1.37 6.56i)Ω

θ o1 78.18deg

150kV BINTARO II GIS

The residual compensation factor is :

K o1

z o1bt

z p1bt

 K

3

z p1bt

o1

0.68

z o1bt  z p1bt  K 3  z p1bt o 1  0.68 Zone

Zone 1 residual compensation factor :kZ1_Res_Comp 0.68

1.1.2

CALCULATION OF SETTINGS

1.1.2.1

Current differential settings

RELAY'S SETTING

arg K o1  7.74deg

kZ1_angle  7.74deg

Differential protection configuration (I DIFF CONFIG) : Scheme set-up:2 terminal

The relay has a dual slope percentage bias characteristic defined by the following settings :

I S1 : basic current differential setting

Range : I S1m  0.2i n

I

S1M

 2i n

I

S1step

 0.05i n

k 1 : percentage bias setting used when the bias current is below I S2

Range :

k 1m  30%

k 1M  150%

k 1step  5%

I S2 : basic current threshold setting above which a higher percentage k 2 is required

Range :

I S2m 

1i n

I

S2M

 30i n

I

S2step

 2i n

k 2 : percentage bias setting used when the bias current is below I S2

Range :

k 2m  30%

k 2M  150%

k 2step  5%

These settings affect both the relay sensivity and line CT requirement.

To simplify the setting selection, the relay manufacturer strongly recommends the following set (already set on the relay as "default settings") :

I

S2



2.0

i n

I S2 2A

k 1  30%

k 2  150%

These settings result in a relay characteristic suitable for most applications.

Determination of I S1 setting

The minimum operating current of the relay is related to-: I S1 setting

- k 1 setting

- through load current level

The I S1 setting is generally set to above 2.5 times the value of the steady state line charging current in order to allow :

- transient in-rush current during line energization

- increasing in capacitive current caused by -: overvoltage during normal load - external fault conditions

150kV BINTARO II GIS

I Cap Correction (ICC) is Disabled.

RELAY'S SETTING

Inrush restraint : Disabled as the relay is used on a sort of out zone transformer feeder. (line directly connected to the 150kV Mine).

1.1.2.2 Timers settings Permissive intertrip timer (PIT) This timer is set to allow normal fault clearance at the line end (including breaker operating and arc extinguishing times) initiating the permissive intertrip command with allowance for signalling and security checking times taken for this command.

Typical taken time : 25 ms (50Hz) & 21 ms (60Hz)

PIT range : PIT m  0ms

PIT default setting

:

PIT  100ms

PIT M  200ms

PIT step  5ms

1.1.2.3 Scheme logic settings

_ Tripping mode

_ Setting groups : 1 : Enabled , 2, 3 & 4 : Disabled

single pole

_ Active Settings : Group 1

1.1.2.4 Communication settings

Channel propagation delay tolerance (CDT)

PDT range

PDT actual setting :

It should be increased if propagation delay time is expected to vary. (use of microwave link multiple repeaters)

:

PDT m  0.25ms

PDT  0.25ms

PDT M  1ms PDT s  0.05ms

to be set at site depending on propagation conditions

Communication failure time (CFT)

CFT range

:

CFT m  0.1sec

CFT M  10secCFT s  0.1sec

CFT actual setting :

CFT  10sec

CFT is set in order to avoid the two following depending alarms affection by communication

link short bursts of noises or interruptions :

- Communication supervision alarm - Protection scheme inoperative alarm

Communication fail mode (CFM) This has to be set depending on the number of channels chosen : 1 or 2. The relay allows for this mode : Channel 1, Channel 2 or Channel 1+2 which is the default setting.

150kV BINTARO II GIS

RELAY'S SETTING

1.1.2.5

Clock source

The protection neeed a clock source which is required to synchronise data transmission between the line ends. Use of multiplexer equipment requires the use of an external clock source.

set the Clock source to: External

1.1.2.6

Data rate This rate should be set to 64kbit/sec if the associated MUX is coming from european supplier.

1.1.3

DIRECTIONAL OVERCURRENT PROTECTION SETTINGS

Function used in this application :

parameter I>1 & IN>1 status to be set to : Disable

1.1.4

DISTANCE PROTECTION ELEMENTS

This Function should be set to : Disable