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REASONING(Module-1)
Analogy
: Generally three types of Analogy questions are asked: Number
Analogy, Alphabet Analogy and Mixed Analogy:
Number Analogy
In this type of analogy, numbers are given in a pair or group. You have to find
the relationship between the numbers or group of numbers.
The relationship in number analogy can be of following types:
 Odd/even nunbers
 Multiplication/division
 Square/cube
 Mixed operations
Examples: 1) 2:8 :: 5: ?
a.120
b. 125
c. 40
d.100
solution: here 8 is cube of 2, so ans. Will be cube of 5 = 125. Ans.b
2) 35: 15 :: 87 : ?
a.107
b. 435
c. 67
d.20
Sol. Here 35-20 = 15; so 87-20 = 67 will be answer. Ans.c
Practice Questions:
Q.1) 7 : 343 :: 3: ?
a.
29
b. 8
c. 9
d. 27
Q.2) 12 : 145 :: 24: ?
a.
677
b. 577
c. 144
d. 576
Q.3) 17 : 29 :: 29: ?
a.
41
b. 17
c. 42
d. 16
Q.4)
512 :
8 :: 1331: ?
a.
10
b. 11
c. 12
d. 13
Q.5) 80 : 20 :: 448: ?
a.
120
b. 40
c. 121
d. 112
answers: 1.d; 2. b; 3.a ; 4.b; 5.112
Alphabet Analogy:
In this type of analogy, there is a relationship between the alphabets or group
of alphabets/letters. You have to remember the position of letters in English
alphabetical order and find out the relationship between the given
alphabets/letters or group of letters. The relationship between the letters are
of following types:
 Vowels
 consonants
 Increasing position of letters
 Decreasing position of letters
 Reverse order of position of letters
Following table is showing letters position in in English alphabetical series:
Forwa
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
2
26
rd
5
Alpha
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
bet
Backw
26
25
24
2
22
21
2
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
ard
3
0
Ex. AFKP : BGLQ :: CHMR : ?
a.DINS
b. DNIS
c. DKFP
d.DJQT
A +1 = B
F+1= G
K+1= L
P+1 = Q it means only one term ahead is given, it is clue. Now answer will be for CHMR
is DINS
Also Don’t touch pen in this question. Because it is clear that pattern is visible .
Ex. BEJN: EHMQ :: RUCM : ?
a.UYGR
b. UFXP
c. UXFP
d.PFXU
SOLN. HERE
we see that B C D E
E F G H
Pattern is clear, two alphabet is missing after B, so for RUCM
You can take R ST U
U
VW X
C
DE F
M NO P
Clearly, ans. Will be UXFP, option c is the answer.
MIXED ANALOGY
In this type of analogy, there is a relationship between the given group of
letters and a number on one side. You have to find out the correct alternative
based on the given relationship. The relationship in mixed analogy can be of
following types:
 The position of the alphabets or letters
 Sum or product of the position of alphabets or letters etc.
Ex. READ : 9,22,26,23 :: GIVE : ?
a.7,9,22,5
b. 8,10,21,6
c. 20,18,6,21
d. 20,18,5,22
HERE we see that reverse order of READ is followed. So for GIVE answers
will be 20,18,5,22. Ans. d
Ex. WRIT : 7 :: HOTEL : ?
a.6
b. 8
c. 20
d. 5
HERE we see that WRIT = 23+18+9+20 = 70/10 = 7
HOTEL = 8+15+20+5+12 =60/10=6
Ans will be a.
Q.6) CFKT : ADIR :: YMPG: ?
a.
GPMY
b. WKNE
c. KWNE
d. EKWN
Q.7) BFG : EIJ :: RVW: ?
a.
UWY
b. UYZ
c. SWX
d. QUV
Q.8) GREAT : 25 :: NUMBER: ?
a.
36
b. 38
c. 27
d. 24
Q.9) F : 216 :: L: ?
a.
1728
b. 1700
01 :: NPR: ?
c. 1600
d. 1723
Q.10) PST :
a.
3
b. 4
c. 1
d. 7
answers: 6.b; 7.b; 8.a; 9. a; 10. a.
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