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Social Protection as Part of National

Response on DRM and Protecting


People from Climate Change Shocks
Dr. San San Aye
Deputy Director General
Department of Social Welfare
Myanmar
Asia-Pacific Social Protection Week, 1-5 August 2016, Manila, Philippine
DISCLAIMER: This presentation does not necessarily reflect the views of ADB or the Government concerned, and ADB and the Government cannot be held
liable for its contents.

Institutional Arrangement
Social Protection and DRM are under the same
Ministry
Social Protection Working Committee and
Central Committee for DRM are established for
the policy directions
Key positions in both committee are taken by
the Union Minister for Social Welfare, Relief
and Resettlement

Policy and Legal Frameworks


Myanmar National Social Protection Strategic
Plan and Disaster Risk Management Law
Conceptual Integration of SP and DRM can be
found in NSPSP

NSPSP recognize the role of social protection in


DRM

DRM and SP Objectives


Expansion of social protection system and action
plans to normalize the lives of disaster affected
people

Implementation of SP programs which promote


human capital and income security

Early Recovery Plan - Context


Private
Needs
Public
Needs

Overall
Recovery

Early Recovery Plan


Private/ Personal Needs
Reconstruction and
renovation of damaged
houses
Reestablishing the damaged
firms and loss of animals
Providing cash assistance for
loss of livelihoods
Cash assistance for Social
Protection
Cash assistance to Poor HH
Arranging Cash for Work
Program

Public Needs
Reconstruction of
Roads
Bridges
Schools
Hospitals, Health Centers
Ponds, deep/shallow wells,
Electricity

Objective
To accomplish the process of early recovery
and rehabilitation successfully for the victims
who have faced great loss due to the floods
and landslides, in order to make them back
to normal status.

SP programs after last year floods


Immediate relief supports for the affected
people
Rations, dignity kits, family kits

Cash transfers for the households in the most


affected areas
Cash transfers for pregnant women, children,
older people

Social Protection
State/
Region

Elderly (70+)
Beneficiary

Chin

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

Pregnant Women
Beneficiary

Under 5 Children

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

Beneficiary

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

Person with
Disability
Benefici
ary

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

176

10.56

138

8.28

1326

39.78

63

1.89

Sagaing

4448

266.88

1290

77.4

16483

494.49

632

18.96

Magway

4236

254.16

717

43.02

6661

199.83

717

21.51

Rakhine

3252

195.12

534

32.04

5140

154.20

115

3.45

Ayeyawady

22049

1322.94

4181

250.86

31884

956.52

1723

51.69

Total

34161

2049.66

6860

411.6

61494

1844.82

3250

97.5

Overall Social Protection Grand Total


Elderly and Preg. Women: 10,000 Kyat/month for 6 months
U5 Children and PWD:
5,000 Kyat/month for 6 months

105765 4403.58

Cash Assistance to Poor Household


State/ Region

Family Member
4 & below
Beneficiary

Chin*

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

Family Member
5 & above
Beneficiary

Total

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

Beneficiary

Amount
(Kyat in
Million)

408

73.44

1082

324.6

1490

398.04

Sagaing*

4726

850.68

7016

2104.8

11742

2955.48

Magway

565

16.95

426

21.3

991

38.25

23624

708.72

28897

1444.85

52521

2153.58

29323

1649.79

37421

3895.55

66744

5545.34

Ayeyawady
Total

Family member 4 and below - 30,000 Kyat per month for one month
Family member 5 and above - 50,000 Kyat per month for one month
* Chin and Sagaing - will provide 6 months

Strengthening Community Disaster


Resilience
Myanmar National Framework for Community
Disaster Resilience is being developed with the
support of ADB since last year
The process is widely consulted with all
stakeholders
Social Protection is planned to integrate into the
framework
Cash transfers and Public Employment Programs
like Cash for Work and Food for work are
designed.

Social Protection Strategic Plan

Social Pension: 90+ since 2015

MSWRR

Universal Access to ED: 2015

MOHS

School grants & Stipend: 2014

MOE

Social Security Board: 1956, 2012

MOLIP

Technical and VT

MOLIP/MOE

SOCIAL PROTECTION BRIEF


Improving TVET Access, Quality, and
Management to Promote Employment and
Economic Modernization
Vocational Training

Centers: There are 55 numbers of Vocational


Training Centers under the Department of
Technical & Vocational Education, Ministry of
Education in nationwide.
Training: There are over 20 numbers of
occupational courses.
Other Vocational Training with DP (ADB):
Competency Based Modular Short CoursesCBMSCs
- There are 3 numbers of Vocational Training
center and there will be increase training
centers and occupational courses and assessment
in the future.

Singapore-Myanmar Vocational Training Institute

Funded by:

Help Age International-Myanmar in


collaboration with LIFT
OPSHG in 118 villages since 2009

Pilot program for Social Pension and MCCT in


2 township, 2015
Pilot program for Social Pension, MCCT and
Disability allowance in 180 villages of 6
townships in dry zone, 2016

Way Forward
More investment in SP and DRM
Institutional, Legal, and Policy reforms
Implementation of Flagships mentioned in
NSPSP

dr.san2aye@gmail.com