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The Concert Experience Notes

Rhythm- Started Physical

Melody- Mental, Emotional
Mahler- 1901 wrote a piece for Alma Schindller (22) to show her
his love. It was called the adaquietts from Symph 5. Harp

enhances the melody.

Elgar wrote the enigma variations.
Legato= Smooth
Barber Adagio for Strings (1936)- Lower Melody and different

key. Melody and Acc. In lower strings.

20th century is also known as the romantic period
Renaissance (1400-1600) -> Baroque (1600-1750) ->
Classical (1750-1820) -> Romantic (1820-1900) ->

Contemporary (20th & 21st Century)

Victoria 0 Magnum MysteriumP- Piano
MP- Mezzo piano= Medium soft
MP- Mezzo forte= Medium loud
F= Forte= Loud
Stravinsky The Rite of Spring Score- was made in 1913
French Horn was originally used for hunting. Right hand used to

mute sound. Compared to the viola in the band.

Brass Family- Tuba, Trombone, French Horn, & Trumpet.
Trombone was called the sac bat. larger trumpet Compared to

the Chello.
Bassoon Part of the woodwind family. Mozart made this
instrument famous. There is 3 different types of bassoon. 6 parts

to the bassoon.
Debussy- A pternor of a faun. Solo Flute.
Woodwind- Oboe, Flute, Bassoon, & Clarinet

The Instrument Familys- Strings, Woodwind, Brass, &

Makris- Aegean Festival (1967). It was transcribed for the band.

First piece for the band Saturday.

Whitacre- Lux Arungux. Transcribed for the band.
Joan Tower- Fascination Ribbons
Maslank- Concerto for Cl. & Wind Essemble.
H. Owen Reed- La Fiesta Mexicana
Olivier Messian- French Composer who influenced Joan Tower
Renaissance- Victoria is a composer during this time. Sacred

music for the church.

Baroque- Bach lived from 1685-1750. Also a composer during
this time period. Another composer during this time was Vivaldi.

Wrote 300 concertos.

Classical- Mozart (Prodigy) was a composer during this time.

Hayden was also a composer during this time.

Mozart, Hayden, Beethoven equal to Miami heats Big 3. They

were all german.

Beethoven between the Classical and Romantic period.
Romantic- Barber was a composer during this time. Mahler as

well. As was Elgar. Strauss another composer during this time.

Contemporary- Stavinsky, Shotakovich, Messiaen, and

Tower were all composers during this time.

Messaien- Quartet for the End of time. Was captured during
World war II. In stalag villa. Befriended a man by the name of

Krull. This peace was based on the book of revelations.

Tower- Tres Lent
Chamber Music- Non-conducted and for small groups of two

and more.
Gustavo Delano- Forced to right music the way Stalin liked it.

Downbows- Pressing hard on the strings. Upside down football

post. This is know a accenting.

Firebird by Stravinsky- was made in 1909.
Petrushka by Stravinsky- was made in 1911. Percussion was

more involved.
Dissonance- Tension
Polytonality- 2 different key areas
Shostakovich (1906- 1975)- String Quartet 1960. Russian.
Wrote symphony 5 in 1936 also know as I love Russia dont kill
me. More predictable rhythm. The string quartet was Dedicated

to victims of fascism of war.

Elgar and Barber- English.
Victoria- Italian.
Dvorjick- Czech republic
Tower, Barber and Copland- American.
Through composed- One piece was moves right into another
John Adams- Short ride in a Fast Machine. Percussion centric.
Starts out with woodblock. 10 fragments or motives on top of

one another
Overture- beginning piece of a concert. Like an appetizer
A lot of thing can happen in the last few minutes of
an opera: Murder, Pre marital sex, suicide, marital sex,

Statues coming to life, occult, revenge & Incest

Verdi, Mozart, Puccini are the big three of opera
Mr. Franks- Director of opera theatre
Microphones arent really used in operas
What makes opera opera?


Sets, Lighting, costumes
Recitatives and Arias
Overtures, Entraactes
Duets, trios, ensembles, & Choruses
Opera vs. Musical Theather

Staged work
Songs, duets, Ensembles
Costumes, sets, Conductor, Orchestra
1776: Declaration of independence: Jefferson Art: David

Music: Mozart
Hayden: 1732-1809. Father of string quarter and symphonies.

Teacher of Beethoven.
Mozart: 1756-1791. Nobody knows why died. Died at the age of
35. Prodigy. Wrote 626 works. One of the first great opera writers
(Queen of the Night). Mozart effect which, stimulates brain cells.

Has a lot of symmetry and balance in music.

Beethoven: 1770-1827. Deaf towards his 5th symphony
(classical). 9th symphony (1824) instrument, choral group,

soloists and was influenced by schilers ole to joy.

Schubert: 1797-1828. Master of German art songs (Gretchen at

the spinning wheel).both classical and Romantic,

Goethe: Play write. Wrote Fausi. Gretchen.
Berlioz (1803-1869): French Composer. Kind of crazy. 90
Musicians on the stage. Was obsessed with Harriet Smithson an

actress. Obsession= idee Fixed. Cellos piez= head chopping. One

night. 90 musicians.
Program music- Music with an external basis to the piece
Absolute musicStrauss (1864-1949)- Don Juan- based on a poem by Lenau.

Tons poems. Don Pedro- brother of former love.

Elgar opening
Copland- Fanfare of the common man. Was during World War II.
Cincinnati symphony called him, Henry A. Wallace speech. Also

wrote Appalachian spring

Shostakovich- 8th str. Quartet. DSH spelt his name in German.

Had signs of death knocks in his music.

Minimalism- short cell repeated, steady rhythm, holy

minimalism, drone. Repetitious and long.

Bartok- Hungarian (1881-1945). Used Folk melodies & songs for

his compositions.
Chromatic Writing- Music w/ lots of half steps
Con sour- with mute
Big Numbers- Time signatures
Top Number- Number of beats in a measure
Bottom Number- Rythmic value that gets the beat or pulse
Octaves- two of the same notes. Just lower
Ortt (1895-1982)- Music education for young people. Also know
as the ortt methond. Wrote carmine burana. Kurt Huber. Nazi

Crossover Artist Classical- The Piano Guys, Two Cellos, Project

Trio, Yo-YO Ma & Apocalyptica

Chapters 12, 15,16, 18