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Diesel Generator Incomer ACB

1) Design data
Generator : 1,965kVA, 400V, 0.8PF, In = 2,836A, 50Hz, 1,500rpm
Xd unsaturated : 1.66 pu
Xd unsaturated : 0.171 pu
Xd saturated : 0.171 pu
Xd saturated : 0.10 pu
CT Ratio : 3,200/1A, 3,200/1A (CT@NER)
VT Ratio : (400V/3) / (110V/3)
Max. through fault current : In / Xd = 2,836 / 0.1 = 28,360A
2) Protective relay
Type

: SEPAM G40 (50/51, 51N, 51V, 59, 27, 49, 32, 25, 81, 46), SEPAM G87

(87G)

Maker : Schneider Electric


3) SEPAM G40 Setting calculation
A. Scaling factor : 3,200 / 2,836 = 1.13
B. Overcurrent protection Low-set stage (51)
a. Tripping curve : IEC very inverse

By SEPAM manual, either Time Multiplier Setting (TMS) or IDMT time


is to be selected.

b. Start current : 1.15 2,836A (1/3,200) In = 1.019 In

Scaling factor is used only for differential protection.

Select : 1.02 In (Primary current = 1.02 3,200A = 3,264A)


c. Time multiplier

Not sure why factor of 1.5 is taken.

Gen. overload curve at 150% capability time is 30 sec


TMS < t[s] (I/In - 1) / 13.5 = 30.0 sec [(1.5 x 2,836A / 3,264A) 1] / 13.5 = 0.674
T 1.5 x 0.674 = 1.01
Gen. overload current at 300% capability time is 10sec.
TMS < t[s] (I/In - 1) / 13.5 = 10.0 sec [(3 x 2,836A / 3,264A) 1] / 13.5 =1.19
T 1.5 x 1.19 = 1.785
Select : T = 0.4 at IDMT mode
(Tripping time : 1.8 sec at 3 In, 0.9 sec at 5 In, 0.514 sec at 8 In)
C. Overcurrent protection High-set stage (50)
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Is set point : 2.5 2,836A (1/3,200) In = 2.216 In
Select : 2.2 In (Primary current = 2.2 3,200A = 7,040A).
c. Time delay : 0.5 sec
D. Voltage dependent over current protection (51V)
a. Operating condition
Overload & Short circuit capability : 110% 60min, 150% 30sec
b. Tripping curve : Very inverse
c. Is set point : 1.15 x 2,836A x (1/3,200) In = 1.019 In
Select : 1.02 In (Primary current = 1.02 3,200A = 3264A)
d. Time multiplier
Gen. overload curve at 300% capability time is 10 sec
TMS < t[s] (I/In -1) / 13.5 = 10.0 sec [(3 x 2,836A / 3,264A) 1] / 13.5 = 1.19
T 1.5 x 1.19 = 1.785
Select : k = 0.4 at IDMT Mode
E. Earth fault protection Inst-set stage (51N)
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Is set point : 0.3 2,836/3,200 = 0.266
Select : 0.27 In (Primary current = 0.27 3,200A = 864A)
c. Time delay : 0.4 sec

The setting based on earth fault current shall be used when NER is bypassed.
F. Overvoltage protection Low-set stage (59-1)
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Start voltage : 1.2 Un
c. Time delay : 2.0 sec
G. Overvoltage protection High-set stage (59-2)
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Start voltage : 1.4 Un
c. Time delay : 0.1 sec
H. Undervoltage Low-set stage (27A1)
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Start voltage : 0.80 Un
c. Time delay : 2.0 sec
I. Overvoltage (59) : Used for close permissive
a. Tripping curve : Definite time
b. Start voltage : 0.95 Un
c. Time delay : 0.1 sec
J. Thermal overload protection (49)
a. Measurement origin : l1, l2, l3
b. Taking into account negative sequence component : No
c. Taking into account ambient temperature : No
d. Using learnt cooling time constant T2 : No
e. Max. equipment temperature Tmax : 130 C
Thermal Mode 1
a. Alarm set point Es1 : 90%
b. Tripping set point Es2 : 110%
c. Initial heat rise set point Es0 : 80%
d. Heat rise time constant T1 : 2 min
e. Cooling time constant T2 : 20 min
Thermal Mode 2 : Not in used
K. Reverse power protection (32)
a. Power setting : 10%Sn
b. Time delay : 5.0 sec
L. Differential protection (87) SEPAM G87
a. Ids set point 1 : 5% of generator rated =0.05 x 2,836 /3,200 = 0.04 In = 128A
b. Min. set point = 0.05 equivalent to 160A
M. Synchronism check (25)
a. Delta voltage dUs set point : 0.05 Un
b. Delta phase dPhi set point : 10
c. Delta frequency dfs : 0.05Hz
d. Anticipation of circuit breaker closing time : 0.1 sec
N. Negative sequence / unbalance current (46)
a. Tripping curve : definite time
b. Ib set point : 0.1 x Ib (Ib = 2,836A)
c. Operate time : 1 sec
d. Curve : Definite time

O. Loss of field, exciter protection (40)


S = 1,965kVA
Un1 = 0.4kV
Xd = 166.0%
Xd = 17.1%
Ib = S / (1.732 x Un1) = 2,836.2A
Zn = Un1 / (1.732 x Ib) = 0.0811 ohm
Xa = (Xd(%) / 200) Zn = 17.1 / 200 x 0.0811 = 0.007
Xb = (Xd(%) / 200 + 1) Zn = (17.1/ 200 + 1) X 0.0811 = 0.088
Xc = (Xd(%) / 200 + Xd / 100) Zn = (17.1 / 200 + 166.0 / 100) x 0.0811 = 0.142
T1 = 70 ms
T2 = 5.0 sec
P. Underfrequency protection (81U)
a. Start frequency set point : 47.5Hz
b. Time delays : 5 sec
Q. Overfrequency protection (81O)
a. Start frequency set point : 52.5Hz
b. Time delays : 10 sec