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PressInformationBureau

GovernmentofIndia

MinistryofFinance

27­February­201512:16IST

ImprovementinFemaleLiteracyandEducationalChallenges

TherehasbeenamarkedimprovementinfemaleliteracyasperCensus2011.Thoughthemale

literacyisstillhigherat80.9percentthanfemaleliteracyat64.6percent,theincreasehasbeen10.9

percentcomparedto5.6percentofthemales.ThenewSchemeBetiBachaoBetiPadhao,for

promotingsurvivalprotectionandeducationofgirlchildaimstoaddresstheissueofdeclining figuresthroughamasscampaigntargetedatchangingsocialmindsetandcreatingawareness.The right of Children to free and compulsory Education (RCE) act 2009 implemented under Sarv ShikshaAbhiyanaimedtoincreasethequalityaswellasaccessibilityofelementaryEducationin India.

Economic Survey points out that the overall Standard of Education in India is below global Standards. The Programme for International Students Assessment (PISA) which measures the

knowledgeandskillsof15year­oldshasratedTamilNaduandHimachalPradeshonlyhigherto

other States in the Country. There is a considerable scope for Post­Secondary Education and TrainingSystem,aswellasforplaces,toimprovetheProficiencyofyoungPeople.

Theinadequacyofhumancapitalatthebaseofthepyramidleadingtoahugebackloginbasic skillsputbecomeabigimpedimentinIndia’sgrowthasaresultofthechangingdemographyand decliningchildpopulation.ThePadheBharatBadheBharatinitiativetocreateabaseforreading, writing, and math fluency can be effective if the local administration is fully involved and sensitizedinit.

Indiahasabout100millionyoungpeopleintheagegroupof15­18years,majorityofwhichcould

landupinunorganizedsectorasthereareeducationalandagerequirementforentryintomost

vocationalskillsProgrammes.Thereisaneedforresearchintothetypeofknowledgeorskills

requiredtoaddressthisissue.

Inordertobuildcapacityinsecondaryschoolsonparwithexpandedprimaryenrolments,several

schemesliketheMid­DayMealscheme,RashtriyaMadhyamikShikshaAbhiyan,ModelSchool

SchemeandSaaksharBharat/AdultEducationhavealsobeenimplementedinthecountry.To

strengthenthecadreofteachereducatorsbyprovidingearlycareerchoicetoprospectiveteachers

andtofillthevacanciesinteachereducationinstitutions,anewfour­yearintegratedprogramme,

i.e.BA./Bed,andBSc./Bed.hasbeenintroduced.

TheIndianhighereducationsystemisoneofthelargestintheworldwith713universities,36,739

colleges,and11,343diploma­levelinstitutions.TomakeHigherEducationtobefuturisticenvision

areasthatwillgeneratefutureemploymentopportunities,thereisaneedtomatchthesupplywith

demandanddovetaileducationpolicytoemploymentopportunities.

DSM/BK/IA

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