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Book of Safety

Standards

Introduction

Introduction
The Oxford English Dictionary definition of Standards is Something which is generally recognized
as being correct or acceptable.
Logic and common sense tells us that a large proportion of accidents related to a relatively small
amount of construction activities could be minimized by compliance with established relevant physical
safety standards. Such standards serve as effective control measures to minimize or eliminate the risk
of accidents whilst carrying out such routine construction activities.
When talking about Physical Safety Standards we refer to the minimum control measures, features or
requirements, which should be established and maintained throughout all aspects of the physical
workplace.
In order to both clarify, and establish consistent physical safety standards across our business,
Gammon HSE Dept have produced a Book of Safety Standards which, will be the basis for the
minimum safety controls, features and requirements for all aspects of the workplace.
The intention of the Book of Safety Standards is not for it to act as a replacement to written
procedures or established acceptable work practices but to act as additional guidelines for individuals
engaged in construction activities.
The Book of Safety Standards should be studied and fully understood by all Line Managers and both
issued & communicated to all applicable employees.
Full compliance with the requirements of this Book of Safety Standards will be expected on all
Gammon sites.

Thomas Ho

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Chief Executive

Contents

Contents
1.

ELECTRICITY........................................................................................................................................... 1
General ..................................................................................................................................................... 2
Working Near Underground (U/G) Cables .............................................................................................. 6
Working Near Overhead (O/H) Electricity Lines .................................................................................... 8
Electric Arc Welding................................................................................................................................ 9

2.

WORKING AT HEIGHT ........................................................................................................................ 11


General ................................................................................................................................................... 12
Protection of Floor Openings / Wall Openings...................................................................................... 17
Use of Ladder ......................................................................................................................................... 19
Use of Safety Nets, Safety Harnesses and Safety Lanyards .................................................................. 21

3.

CONFINED SPACE ................................................................................................................................. 23


General ................................................................................................................................................... 24

4.

VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY................................................................................................... 27


General ................................................................................................................................................... 28

5.

PEDESTRIAN / VEHICLE DEMARCATION ..................................................................................... 31


General ................................................................................................................................................... 32

6.

WORKING ON LIVE ROADS ............................................................................................................... 34


General ................................................................................................................................................... 35

7.

LIFTING OPERATION........................................................................................................................... 38
General ................................................................................................................................................... 39
Mobile Crane.......................................................................................................................................... 41
Crawer Crane.......................................................................................................................................... 42
Tower Crane........................................................................................................................................... 43
Excavator for Lifting Operation............................................................................................................. 45

8.

LIFTING GEAR ....................................................................................................................................... 46


General ................................................................................................................................................... 47
Single Leg Sling ..................................................................................................................................... 49
Two Single-leg Slings Used Together ................................................................................................... 50
Multi-legs Sling...................................................................................................................................... 51

9.

HOUSEKEEPING .................................................................................................................................... 52
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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Contents
Floor Condition ...................................................................................................................................... 53
Access..................................................................................................................................................... 55
Material Storage and Stacking ............................................................................................................... 57
Site Clean and Tidy ................................................................................................................................ 59
10.

FIRE PROTECTION ............................................................................................................................... 60


General ................................................................................................................................................... 61
Fire Extinguishers .................................................................................................................................. 63
Fixed Fire Pump ..................................................................................................................................... 64
Storage of Hazards Substance and Dangerous Goods ........................................................................... 65
Hot Works .............................................................................................................................................. 67

11.

EXCAVATION ......................................................................................................................................... 69
General ................................................................................................................................................... 70
Protection of Underground Utilities....................................................................................................... 73
Operation of Excavators......................................................................................................................... 74
Banksman ............................................................................................................................................... 76

12.

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT.......................................................................................... 77


General ................................................................................................................................................... 78
Management, Foreman, Site Supervisor, Engineer, Surveyor, Visitor, Confined Space Competent
Person, First Aider, Excavator Operator, Crane Operator, Crane Truck Operator ................................ 83
Material and Passenger Hoist Operator.................................................................................................. 84
Glaziers, Banksman................................................................................................................................ 85
Rigger ..................................................................................................................................................... 87
Plant Inspector/ Mechanics .................................................................................................................... 88
Arc Welder ............................................................................................................................................. 90
Oxy-Acetylene Welder/ Flame Cutter.................................................................................................... 92
Electrician............................................................................................................................................... 94
Block-worker.......................................................................................................................................... 95
Plumber .................................................................................................................................................. 97
Cartridge Tool Operator ......................................................................................................................... 98
Concrete Breaking Workers ................................................................................................................. 100
Waterproof Applicator ......................................................................................................................... 102
Plant Fitter ............................................................................................................................................ 104
General Labourer.................................................................................................................................. 106
Cladders................................................................................................................................................ 108
MEWP Operator................................................................................................................................... 109
Carpenter .............................................................................................................................................. 111
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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Contents
Ceiling Fixer, E&M Worker ................................................................................................................ 113
Steel Erector ......................................................................................................................................... 114
Concretor.............................................................................................................................................. 116
Painter................................................................................................................................................... 118
Scaffolder, Scaffolder CP..................................................................................................................... 120
Steel Fixer ............................................................................................................................................ 121
Fork Lift Operator ................................................................................................................................ 122
Confined Space CW ............................................................................................................................. 123
Drainlayer............................................................................................................................................. 124
Site Investigation Rig Operator............................................................................................................ 125
Tunnel Worker ..................................................................................................................................... 126
Floor Layer........................................................................................................................................... 128
Plasterer................................................................................................................................................ 130
Security Guard, Appointed Fire Wardens ............................................................................................ 131
Roller Operator..................................................................................................................................... 132
Piling Worker ....................................................................................................................................... 133
Worker Working Over Water............................................................................................................... 134
13.

PLANT AND EQUIPMENT.................................................................................................................. 135


Tower Crane......................................................................................................................................... 136
Crawler-mounted Mobile Crane........................................................................................................... 139
Wheeled Telescopic Mobile Crane ...................................................................................................... 142
Truck-mounted Crane .......................................................................................................................... 145
Gantry Crane ........................................................................................................................................ 147
Compactor ............................................................................................................................................ 149
Hydraulic Crawler Drill ....................................................................................................................... 150
Desander............................................................................................................................................... 152
Hydromill ............................................................................................................................................. 153
Casing Oscillator .................................................................................................................................. 155
Casing Rotator...................................................................................................................................... 156
Casing Vibrator .................................................................................................................................... 157
Hydraulic Hammer............................................................................................................................... 158
Reverse Circulation Drill (RCD) Rig................................................................................................... 159
Concrete Pump ..................................................................................................................................... 160
Work Barge .......................................................................................................................................... 161
Formwork Hoist ................................................................................................................................... 163
Generator.............................................................................................................................................. 164
Air Compressors and Air Receivers..................................................................................................... 165
Woodworking Machines ...................................................................................................................... 167
III

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Contents
Builders Lift ........................................................................................................................................ 169
Material Hoist....................................................................................................................................... 172
Scissor Lift (Mobile Elevated Working Platform)............................................................................... 174
Cherry Pickers (Aerial Working Platforms)......................................................................................... 176
Gondola (Suspended Working Platform) ............................................................................................. 178
Cutting / Grinding Wheels (Abrasive Wheels) .................................................................................... 180
Dumper and Truck (Including Dump Truck)....................................................................................... 183
Excavator.............................................................................................................................................. 185
Forklift Truck ....................................................................................................................................... 188
Loader (Including Bobcat) ................................................................................................................... 190
Gas Welding and Flame Cutting .......................................................................................................... 192

IV
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity

Electricity

1
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
ELECTRICITY
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms13: Electricity


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms17: Use of Hand Tools & Portable
Power-driven Tools
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guide to the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guidance Notes for the Safe Isolation of Electricity Source at Work

Requirements : R1. The design of electrical systems (both temporary and permanent) should meet the
statutory requirements. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. All electrical switchboards and equipment should be installed, maintained and
regularly checked by a Registered Electrician. #
R3. No work shall be done on live conductors or equipment.
R4. All switchboards and equipment shall be properly earthed. Their external metal
casing shall also be properly earthed, except for double insulated equipment. #
R5. The distribution boards and switchboards shall be locked with contact details of key
holder provided.
R6. Coloured marking for circuits and appliances shall be clearly distinguished. #
R7. The distribution circuits shall be equipped with suitable protection devices such as Main
Circuit Breaker (MCB) and Residual Current Device (RCD) to protect against
over-current and earth leakage respectively. #
R8. All wiring shall be supported on proper insulators and the sheath of all electric portable
cables shall be of heavy-duty. #
R9. All flexible cables shall be protected against kinking and be relieved from mechanical
strain at connections to terminals. They shall be hung up as far as practicable.
R10. A permit-to-work certificate (OCP-hsms-13 Form 1) shall be obtained before
maintenance works commence or connections are made to the switchboard.
R11. Portable and hand held tools shall be from voltage of 110v or less and equipped with
a built-in switch for when the tool is released from the hands.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All switchboards shall be free from obstructions. #


S2. Control appliances such as switches, fuses and circuit breakers shall not be installed
at places near flammable liquids or flammable gases.
S3. All electrical equipment shall be inspected before use and suitable for its proposed
use.

Features

: F1. Coloured marking for circuits and appliances.


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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
F2. Signs detailing the electrical hazard and supply voltage for electricity equipment and
switchboards. #
F3. The electrical wiring diagram at the distribution board. #
F4. Fire extinguishers for switchboards.
F5. Notice on treatment for electric shock, in Chinese and English. #
F6. A warning notice DANGER UNDER REPAIR (in Chinese and English) in 50-mm
red characters on a white background in a visible position for repair work. #
F7. Appropriate plugs and sockets for flexible cables.
F8. Voltage 110v or less and built-in switch for portable and hand-held tools.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Lock the switchboard

Photo 1. Registered electrician


1

1
1. (R2) Registered electrician

1. (R5) The switchboard is locked


2. (R5) Electricians name and contact detail

Photo 3. Coloured markings

Photo 4. MCB and RCD

1
1

1. (R7) MCB and RCD


1. (R6) Coloured markings

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
Photo 5. Earthing

Photo 6. Electrical wiring diagram

1
1. (R4) Proper earth connection

1. (F3) Electrical wiring diagram


Photo 8. Outsources supply

Photo 7. Temporary switchboard


1

2
3

1. (F2) Warning signs

1. (F7) Splash-proof type socket outlets and plugs

2. (F4) Fire extinguisher

2. (R5) Locked and (F2) warning signs

3. (R5) The switchboard is locked


Photo 9. Conductor

Photo 10. Flexible cable

1
1
1. (R9) Cables are hang up with clearence warning

1. (R9) Cables are hung up

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
Photo 12. Electric Shock Notice

Photo 11. Permit-to-work


1

1
2


DANGER UNDER REPAIR

1. (R2) Registrered electrican

1. (F5) Electrical shock treatment notice

2. (F6) Warning sign


Photo 13. Hand held tool
1

1. (R11) Use of 110v portable hand tools

Photo 14. Hand held tool


1

1. (R11) Waterproof 110v transformer

5
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
ELECTRICITY
Reference

WORKING NEAR UNDERGROUND (U/G) CABLES

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-13: Electricity


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guide to the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guidance Notes for the Safe Isolation of Electricity Source at Work

Requirements : R1. Worker who works near electricity supply lines shall be informed the hazards and
trained to follow the permit-to-dig procedures. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. A competent person (approved by EMSD) shall be appointed to locate the alignment
of all U/G cables in the area, irrespective of the excavation depth. #
R3. The competent person shall be on site at all times to supervise the works during the
trial pit excavation. #
R4. U/G cable alignments and depth profiles as identified in the area shall be clearly
marked on the ground. #
R5. The written report by the competent person, which contains information of the U/G
cables alignments and depth as identified, shall be obtained and kept. #
R6. Portable power tools shall only be used for breaking out paved concrete surfaces or
adjacent to the cable. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Always maintain co-ordination with electricity suppliers to obtain further guidelines as
necessary for works in the vicinity of U/G cables.
S2. U/G cables found in roads, footpaths and on sites, should always be treated as LIVE.

Features

: F1. Permit-to-dig certificate.


F2. U/G cable mark on the ground.

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Competent person

Photo 2. U/G cable mark

1. (R3) Full time supervision by the competent person 1. (R4) U/G cable marked on site.
Photo 3. U/G cable mark

Photo 4. Use of hand tools

1. (R4) U/G cable identification and mark


1. (R6) Use of hand tools

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
ELECTRICITY
Reference

WORKING NEAR OVERHEAD (O/H) ELECTRICITY LINES

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms13: Electricity


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guide to the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guidance Notes for the Safe Isolation of Electricity Source at Work

Requirements : R1. A competent person shall identify whether the proposed works within the vicinity of
O/H lines are necessary (i.e. a horizontal distance of 9m from the nearest conductor
(# - Statutory)
for all works except blasting work, for which the horizontal distance is 25m). #
R2. Worker who are involved in works near O/H lines, especially the operators of lifting
and earth moving equipment, shall be informed the hazards and trained to follow the
working procedures.
R3. The electricity source shall be safely isolated before and during the course of work. #
R4. Ascertain the voltage rating, distance to ground of the O/H lines and consult the
electricity supplier of the lines to agree on a mutually acceptable working plan if any
of the proposed works fall within the vicinity of the O/H lines.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Contact the electricity supplier to arrange a site meeting before starting works.
S2. Avoid unnecessary working underneath the O/H lines.
S3. Never rely on the insulating cover of any overhead electricity conductors as means of
protection from electric shock.
S4. Always treat the insulated conductors as LIVE.
S5. Do not erect structures (e.g. scaffolding) unnecessarily in the vicinity of O/H lines.

Features

: F1. A safe working plan, which contains headroom, voltage, safe working distance and
safe working procedures.
F2. Warning notices in the vicinity of the O/H lines.
F3. Goal post.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. O/H cable is identified and marked


2

Photo 2. Insultating covers

1
1

1. (F3) Goal post


2. O/H lines

1. (S3) Insulating covers of O/H conductors


8

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
ELECTRICITY
Reference

ELECTRIC ARC WELDING

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-15: Arc Welding, Gas Welding and Flame
Cutting
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Guide to the Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations
Code of Practice Safety and Health at Work for Manual Electric Arc Welding

Requirements : R1. A Registered Electrician shall carry out all electrical installations. #
R2. The welding equipment shall be protected by a separate switch on a separate circuit
(# - Statutory)
that isolates the welding set from other equipment.
R3. Arc welding machines shall be controlled by a switch mounted on or near the
machine framework that, when opened, immediately cuts off the power from all
conductors supplying the machine. #
R4. Arc welding set shall be installed with electrical shock preventor / voltage reducing unit.
#
R5. The residue current device (RCD) shall be installed at the power source, if there is any,
to give protection against electric shock that occurs at the input side of the welding
transformer.
R6. Frames of arc-welding machines shall be effectively earthed. #
R7. Return conductors shall be taken directly to the work and securely connected
mechanically and electrically to it or to the workbench, floor, etc. and to an adjacent
metallic object. #
R8. Electrodes shall only be inserted in the holder with insulating gloves.
R9. The outer surface of electrode holders of hand-operated arc-welding machines,
including the jaw shall be effectively insulated. #
R10. Appropriate PPE shall be used. Refer to the requirement of PPE of this Book of
Safety Standards.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Welding circuits shall be switched off when not in use.


S2. Electrode conductors or cables shall not be excessive in length.
S3. Forced ventilation shall be provided for welding operation where required.

Features

: F1. Electrical shock preventor / voltage reducing unit. #


F2. Erect proper warning signs and notices.
F3. Portable fire extinguishers, sand buckets, etc.
F4. Hot work permit.

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Electricity
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Electricial shock preventor

Photo 2. Proper earth connection

1. (R4) Electrical shock preventor

1. (R6 & R7) Earth connection

Photo 3. Arc welding set

Photo 4. Arc welding


1
3

1
2

1. (R9) Outlet terminals are properly protected

1. (R10) PPE
2. (R7) Earthing
3. (S3) Ventilation

10
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height

Working at Height

11
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
WORKING AT HEIGHT
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms04: Working at Height


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms05: Scaffolds and Working Platforms
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Suspended Working Platforms) Regulations
Code of Practices for Bamboo Scaffolding Safety
Code of Practices for Metal Scaffolding Safety
Code of Practices for Safe Use and Operation of Suspended Working Platforms
Code of Practices for Personal Protective Equipment

Requirements : R1. Persons who might fall more than 2m shall be protected by means of adequate catch
nets, sheets or platforms, or be secured by safety harnesses with the independent
(# - Statutory)
lifeline properly attached. #
R2. Working platforms shall be protected on all sides with top guardrails (900mm to
1150mm high), intermediate guardrails (450mm to 600mm high) and toe-boards (at
least 200mm high). #
R3. Working platforms shall be provided with safe means of access and egress, which
are at least 400mm wide for passage of persons only, or at least 650mm wide for
passage of materials, and of sufficient length. #
R4. Only trained workers with adequate experience and under the supervision of a
competent person shall erect, alter or dismantle handrails and toe-boards. #
R5. Working platforms and scaffolds shall be regularly inspected. Scaffolding working
platforms shall be periodically (14-days) inspected and displayed with Form 5 by the
competent person. #
R6. Harness, lanyard or independent lifeline shall not be anchored to any railings or
fittings of working platform, unless they have been specified and tested for the
purpose.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Working platforms shall be good design and construction, adequate strength and
made of sound material and free from patent defect. #
S2. Working platforms shall be kept clean and free of projecting features.
S3. Sufficient numbers of stanchions or standard poles or uprights shall be maintained to
ensure sufficient stability and resistance. #

Features

: F1. Guardrails and toe-boards for working platforms. #


F2. Adequate anchorage fittings for safety belts / safety harnesses. #
F3. Safe Working Load (SWL) and number of persons allowed on the working platform.
F4. Form 5 for scaffolding working platforms. #

12
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Temporary working platform

Photo 1. Hammer head

2
1
2

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides


2. (R3) Safe means of access and egress

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides


2. (R6 & F2) Fixing for safety harnesses and
independent lifeline

Photo 3. Temporary stairway

Photo 4. Access to workplaces

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on the stairway

1. (S2) Clean and no projecting features

13
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Photo 6. High column rebar erection

Photo 5. Columnare mode

1
2
1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides
2. (R3) Safe means of access and egress

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-board on all sides


Photo 8. Suspend working platform

Photo 7. Formwork
2

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards

2. (R3) Safe means of access and egress

2. (R3) Safe means of access and egress


Photo 9. Edge workplace

Photo 10. Metal scaffolding structure

1
1
2

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides


2. (R3) Safe means of access and egress
14

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Photo 11. Suspended working platform

Photo 12. Specify working platform


1
2

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

2. (S2) Clean and no projecting features

2. (S2) Clean and no projecting features

Photo 13. Tubular metal scaffolds

Photo 14. Working on gondola


2
1

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

1. (F3) Safe working load


2. (F2) Safety harness

15
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Photo 15. Tower scaffold platform

Photo 16. Working platform on slope site

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides


2. Platform is fully planked and securely fastened
1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides
Photo 17. Edge protection on bridge deck
1

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

Photo 18. Edge protection on civil side


1

1. (R2) Guardrails and toe-boards on all sides

16
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
WORKING AT HEIGHT

PROTECTION OF FLOOR OPENINGS / WALL OPENINGS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms04: Working at Height

Reference

Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations


Code of Practices for Personal Protective Equipment

Requirements : R1. Floor opening through which person could fall shall be guarded by covers or by
guardrails and toe-boards on all exposed sides. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Wall openings less than 1m from the floor and measuring at least 750mm vertically
and 450mm horizontally from which there is a drop of more than 2m shall be
protected by guardrails and toe-bards. #
R3. Narrow wall openings shall be protected by a toe-board is their lower edge is less
than 200mm from the floor. #
R4. The covers for floor opening shall be secured to allow walk on safely and if
necessary, to drive on safely. #
R5. The guardrails and toe-boards as required in R1/R2/R3 shall comply with the
requirement of General section. #
R6. If the means of protection is removed to allow the passage of persons or goods or for
other purposes, it shall be resumed as soon as practicable.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Covers for openings shall not constitute any obstacle to persons and traffic.
S2. No debris like concrete waste placed or stored onto the openings is allowed.
S3. No shock loading on the guardrails or toe-boards is allowed.

: F1. Covers or guardrails and toe-boards with mesh to prevent falling objects. #

Features

F2. Warning signs.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Floor opening

Photo 2. Floor opening for material lifting

1. (R1 & F1) Covers for floor opening

1. (R1 & F1) Guardrails and toe-boards with mesh

2. (F2) Warning signs


17
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Photo 4. Opening for ventilation

Photo 3. Floor opening for vent hose

1
1
1. (R1 & F1) Guardrails and teo-boards

1. (R1 & F1) Safety net as a cover for floor opening

Photo 5. Edge opening

Photo 6. Curtain wall opening

2
1

1. (R2) Guardrails and teo-boards

1. (R2 & F1) Guardrails and toe-boards with mesh

2. (F1) Mesh

18
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
WORKING AT HEIGHT
Reference

USE OF LADDER

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-04: Working at Heights


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. Ladder shall only be used for simple work of short duration.
R2. Ladder shall not be used as a working platform.
(# - Statutory)
R3. Ladder shall be erected on a firm and level base and at a base angle exceeding 75
degrees or a 4 (rise): 1 (base) ratio. #
R4. Ladder shall be secured at top. When it is impracticable to do so, the ladder shall
also be firmly secured at base.
R5. Ladder shall be at least 1.05m above their landing place or above the highest rung
for handhold. #
R6. The spreaders of a stepladder shall be locked in position.
R7. A landing point for rest purpose shall be provided every 6-m for vertical cat-ladder. #
R8. Climbing ladder over 3m shall install back loop. #
R9. Podium ladder shall be provided with guardrails and toe-board as required in
General section.
R10. Wooden ladder shall not be permitted. For electrical work, the footing of ladder shall
be fully insulated. Special cases, which require wooden ladder, e.g. an electrician
working in energize room, shall be approved by the SHS&ER or his delegate.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Ladder shall be of good construction with no missing or defective rung, of sound
material and of adequate strength for its intended use.
S2. Ladder shall be checked before use.
S3. It shall not step on the top two rungs of an A-shape ladder.
S4. Workers who might fall more than 2m from the ladder shall use safety harnesses as
required in General section.

Features

: F1. Ladder shall be registered with owners details on ladders.


F2. Locking device (a metal hinge) to lock on both sides of ladder.
F3. Back loop and landing point for climbing ladder.
F4. Guardrails and toe-board for podium ladder.

19
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Alumium ladder

Photo 1. Step ladder

2
1

1. (F2) Locking device

1. (R4) Being secured at top


2. (R5) 1.05m on top for handhold
Photo 4. Cat ladder

Photo 3. Podium ladder

2
1
1

1. (R8 & F3) Back loop


2. (S4) Safety harnesses

1. (R9 & F4) Guardrails


2. (R3) Being firmly secured at the base

20
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
WORKING AT HEIGHT
Reference

USE OF SAFETY NETS, SAFETY HARNESSES AND SAFETY LANYARDS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-04: Working at Heights


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Code of Practices for Personal Protective Equipment

Requirements : R1. Safety nets shall be erected if it is impracticable to provide adequate guardrails or
platform access conforming to the requirement listed in General section. If the
(# - Statutory)
erection of safety net is also impracticable, safety harnesses shall be used to prevent
injury due to fall of persons.
R2. Safety net shall be installed with sufficient clearance under them to prevent contact
with the surface or structures below when subjected to an impact force equal to the
drop test.
R3. Sufficient anchorage fittings shall be provided for safety harnesses with lanyard
attached to independent lifeline. #
R4. Safety net shall be inspected at least once a week for wear, damage and other
deterioration.
R5. Safety harnesses, lifeline, anchorage and fittings shall be properly maintained

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Safety net shall extend outward from the outer most projection of the work surface,
which vertical distance from working level to horizontal net shall be in minimum.
S2. When safety net is used on bridges, the potential fall area from the walkway or
working surface to the net shall be unobstructed.
S3. Any points in mobile elevated work platform shall not be considered as anchorage
point unless it is being load tested.

Features

: F1. Each safety net shall have a border rope for webbing with a minimum breaking
strength of 22.2 KN.
F2. A notice of Wear a safety harness attached to an independent lifeline or an
appropriate anchorage in English and Chinese.
F3. Double lanyard or Y lanyard.

21
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working at Height
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Safety harness

Photo 1. Safety net on floor opening

2
1

(R1 & R3) Workers wear their safety harnesses and


secure onto proper anchorage points

1. (R1) Safety net on floor opening


2. (F1) Border rope

Photo 4. Double lanyard

Photo 3. Working at height


2
1

1. (R1) Use of safety harness

1. (F6) Proper anchorage point.

2. (R3) Proper anchorage.

2. (F8) Double lanyard

22
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Confined Space

Confined Space

23
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Confined Space
CONFINED SPACE
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-06: Confined Spaces


Health, Safety and Environment Management System Procedure HSEMSP-10:
Monitoring and Measurement
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Confined Spaces) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safety and Health at Work in Confined Spaces

Requirements : R1. Certified workers and competent persons should complete an approved training
course. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. A risk assessment with recommendations should be carried out by a competent
person and updated due to any subsequent changes. #
R3. Permit-to-work certificate stating all necessary safety precautions should be strictly
followed and fully communicated with the involved workers. #
R4. A certified worker should be stationed outside the confined space to maintain
communication with the workers inside. #
R5. Personal protective equipment as recommended within the risk assessment report
should be strictly used. #
R6. Where the use of approved breathing apparatus is recommended in the risk
assessment report, a worker entering or remaining in a confined space should be
wearing a suitable safety harness connected to a lifeline that is strong enough to
enable him to be pulled out, and that the free end is held by a person outside the
confined space who has sufficient physical strength to be capable of pulling the
person out of the confined space. Where practicable, appropriate lifting equipment
should be available for rescue purposes. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. No worker should enter a confined space before a risk assessment has been carried
out.
S2. All safety measures recommended in the risk assessment report should be fully
implemented.
S3. The person in-charge of the Permit-to-work certificate should ensure all workers,
materials and equipment involved in the confined space work are withdrawn when
the work is completed.

Features

: F1. Risk assessment report


F2. Permit-to-work certificate [OCP-HSMS-06 Form 1] which is approved by the
SHS&ER or his delegate.
F3. Monitoring, testing or detection equipment and breathing apparatus should be
calibrated and maintained with reference to the manufacturers guidance /
24

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Confined Space
recommendation and HSEMSP-10.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Atmospheric testing

Photo 2. Risk assessment by a competent person

Photo 3. Certified workers and permit-to-work

Photo 4. Forced ventilation


1

1. (R1) Workers certificate


2. (R3) Permit-to-work at entrance

1. (R3) Forced ventilation

25
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Confined Space
Photo 6. Breathing apparatus

Photo 5. Personal protective equipments


1
4

2
3

1. (R5) Safety helmet

1. (R5 & R6) Breathing apparatus

2. (R5) Breathing apparatus


3. (R5) Lighting
4. (R5 & R6) Safety harness
5. (R5) Barrier
Photo 8. Emergency equipments

Photo 7. Communication tool


1

1
2
3

1. Provision of communication tool

1. Stretcher
2. First-aid kit
3. Breathing apparatus

26
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Ventilation and Air Quality

Ventilation and Air Quality

27
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Ventilation and Air Quality


VENTILATION AND AIR QUALITY
Reference

GENERAL

: Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance


Factories and Industrial Undertakings Regulations
Building (Ventilating Systems) Regulations
Building (Planning) Regulations
Smoking (Public Health) Ordinance
Guidance Notes on Ventilation and Maintenance of Ventilation Systems
Code of Practice on Control of Air Impurities (Chemical Substances) in the Workplace

Requirements : R1. Shall maintain every workplace with adequate ventilation by means of circulation of
fresh air (via natural or mechanical ventilation) and free of dust, fumes or other
(# - Statutory)
impurities. #
R2. If dust or fumes or other impurities are given off at the workplace, all practicable
steps shall be taken to protect workers against inhalation of the dust or fumes or
other impurities and to prevent accumulation of such dust or fumes. #
R3. Exhaust appliances shall be provided and maintained as near as possible to the
point of origin of the fumes, dust or other impurities, e.g.
a. Concrete mixing,
b. Arc/gas welding and flame cutting,
c. Painting and spraying,
d. Mechanical digging,
e. Handling fibrous insulating materials and chemicals,
f.

Tunnels and basements under construction; #

R4. An air quality monitoring system shall be implemented where required, e.g. for
tunnels, basements and confined space. #
R5. No air intake for the ventilation system shall be sited in any place where waste or
rubbish is likely to be accumulated and inflammable, toxic or irritant fumes are
present. #
R6. The ventilation system shall be inspected, maintained and cleaned regularly by
competent person. #
R7. Effective antiseptic measures shall be implemented to prevent the breeding of
biological contaminants (e.g. mosquitoes) in all site area. #
R8. Personal protective equipment shall be used in cases where dust, fumes and/or
other impurities are present in the workplace. #
R9. An appointed competent person shall perform gas detection as necessary (regularly
or continuously subject to risk assessment). The result of gas detection shall be
displayed in a highly visible location at the workplace. #

28
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Ventilation and Air Quality


Safety
Precautions

: S1. Risk assessment should be carried out to identify precautionary measures to be


taken when works involve the use of chemicals.
S2. Ventilation for confined space is to be referred to the Confined Space of this Book of
Safety Standards. The requirement of the Work Permit at the entrance to confined
spaces should be strictly followed.

Features

: F1. No-smoking policy on site or smoking only permitted in designated area.


F2. Exhaust appliances.
F3. Quality of air for different contaminants that max exposure limit (long-term 8hrs)
a. Oxygen (O2) 19% to 23%
b. Carbon Monoxide (CO) Max 30ppm
c. Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Max 10ppm
d. Nitrogen Oxides (NO) Max 25ppm
e. Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) Max 3ppm
f.

Reference Photos

Combustible Gas (CH4) Max 4.4%

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Site with good forced ventilation (R1)

Photo 2. Electric arc welding


1

1. (R1) Forced ventilation

1. (R3) Mobile exhaust appliance

29
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Ventilation and Air Quality


Photo 4. Mechanical ventilation

Photo 3. Tunnel ventilation


1

1. (R3) Tunnel ventilation

1. (R1) User of blower

Photo 5. Ventilation chamber

Photo 6. Dust suppression

1. (R1). Keep workplace ventilated


1. (R2). Use of water to reduce dust generation

30
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Pedestrian / Vehicle Demarcation

Pedestrian / Vehicle Demarcation

31
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Pedestrian / Vehicle Demarcation


PEDESTRIAN / VEHICLE DEMARCATION
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-10: Working on Live Roads


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-23: Site Traffic and Transport
Book of Safety Standards Working on Live Roads
Factories and Industrial Undertakings Regulations
Code of Practice for the Lighting, Signing and Guarding of Road Works

Requirements : R1. Site management should conduct a basic hazard assessment on the pedestrian /
vehicle control within the site and document it as a traffic management plan. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Where practicable, all walkways should be clearly demarcated with cones or
barriers.
R3. The standard width of walkways is 1m and the minimal width is 750 mm.
R4. Demarcation of storage areas, and the forbidden areas to be left clear (e.g. floor area
below electrical panels and safety equipment), is recommended.
R5. Roadways for vehicles should be wide enough to accommodate any vehicle
authorized to be used in that area. Traffic barriers and signs should be placed where
required.
R6. All workers exposed to the risks of moving roadway traffic or construction plant
should wear high-visibility garment. #
R7. The exits and entrances to public roadways / walkways should be well planed to
minimize potential hazards and any inconvenience of both public and workers.
Warning signs / lights for both daytime and nighttime work shall be used.
R8. A traffic banksman shall be stationed where required, especially for main exits and
entrances.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. How to minimize the potential hazards of site activities to public traffic and pedestrian
is to be referred to the Working on Live Loads of this Book of Safety Standards,
OCP-hsms-10 and the Code of Practice for the Lighting, Signing and Guarding of
Road Works.
S2. How to prevent injury of person and damage to property arising from site traffic and
site transport is to be referred to OCP-hsms-23.

Features

: F1. Traffic control equipments, e.g. traffic signs, tapes, cones, barriers, road hazard
warning lantern, information boards and site lighting.
F2. High-visibility garment.

32
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Pedestrian / Vehicle Demarcation


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Pedestrian / vehicle demarcation

Photo 2. Storage area demarcation

2
1
1

1. (R4) Storage area

1. (R2) Barrier demarcation


2. (R5) Traffic sign (direction and speed limit)

Photo 4. Pedestrian / vehicle demarcation

Photo 3. High-visibility vest

1
3

1. (R7) High-visibility vest

1. (R2 & R5) Vehicles and pedestrians


2. (R3) Standard width of walkway
3. (R5) Width of roadways

Photo 5. Vehicle demarcation

Photo 6. Main exits and entrances


2
1

1. (R5) Demarcation of roadways

1. (R7) Well-planed main exits and entrances


2. (R7) Warning signs / mirrors

33
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working on Live Roads

Working on Live Roads

34
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working on Live Roads


WORKING ON LIVE ROADS
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-10: Working on Live Roads


Road Traffic Ordinance
Road Traffic (Traffic Control) Regulations
Road Traffic (Expressway) Regulations
Code of Practice for the Lighting, Signing and Guarding of Road Works

Requirements : R1. Site management should document a Temporary Traffic Diversion Scheme after
consulting the appropriate authorities (e.g. Highways Department, Transport
(# - Statutory)
Department, the Police and KCRC). Where applicable, Excavation Permit and
Expressway Work Permit should be obtained and displayed on site entrance. #
R2. Setting up the works area should commence with the placing of traffic control
equipment (e.g. traffic signs, cones, barriers, lanterns and road marks) in
accordance with the Temporary Traffic Diversion Scheme and the Code of Practice
for the Lighting, Signing and Guarding of Road Works. #
R3. When the signing layout has been established, it is advisable to drive/walk through
the site to check the signing from the driver/pedestrian point of view.
R4. During the hours of darkness, all obstruction and barriers should be properly lit with
road hazard warning lanterns. Adequate lighting should be provided in case of work
at night. #
R5. Pedestrians should be protected from the works by means of continuous pedestrian
barriers. #
R6. Vehicles engaging in moving works should be conspicuously painted bright yellow in
colour. If required in the Temporary Traffic Diversion Scheme, they shall also be
fitted with amber flashing roof beacons and alternate red and yellow fluorescent and
reflectorised markings. #
R7. All workers should wear high-visibility garment. #
R8. The adjacent carriageway and footways should be kept free of loose stones, material
and debris.
R9. Remove all the signs, barriers, and materials when the work is completed. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All traffic control equipment should be stable under adverse weather conditions and
be substantial.
S2. Temporary road works sign should not obscure any permanent sign unless that sign
no longer applies. All signs made temporarily redundant by the road works should be
removed or be covered with proprietary black tape.
S3. Once a works area is established, the traffic/pedestrians should be kept clear of all
work, vehicles, plants, materials storage and people and should be clear of working
35

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working on Live Roads


radius of all plant.
S4. Person and vehicles should enter / leave the site only using main entrance / exit.

Features

: F1. Traffic control equipments, e.g. traffic signs, cones, barriers, road hazard warning
lantern, information boards and site lighting.
F2. High-visibility safety apparel.
F3. Provision of a 1.2m safety zone or approved work zone protection barrier in
expressway road works.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Work zone protection


2

1. (R1) Information board with excavation permit


2. (R1 & R2) Traffic signs and cones
3. (R5) Continuous pedestrian barrier
4. (R4) Hazard warning lanterns
5. (R7) High-visibility garment

36
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Working on Live Roads


Photo 2. Traffic diversion scheme

1
2

1. (R1 & R2) Portable traffic lights


2. (R1, R2 & R4) Traffic signs, cones and hazard warning lanterns

37
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation

Lifting Operation

38
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
LIFTING OPERATION
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Tower Crane
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes
Code of Practice on Safe Use of Excavators

Requirements : R1. Operators, banksmen and competent persons of lifting appliances shall hold valid
certificates. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. A competent person shall be appointed to supervise lifting operation. #
R3. Lifting appliances shall be tested and examined by competent examiners prior to
use. #
R4. Lifting appliances shall comply with the requirements in Plant and Equipment of this
Book of Safety Standards.
R5. An Automatic Safe Load Indicator (ASLI) shall be installed. #
R6. Cabins of lifting appliance shall not be covered to provide clear and unrestricted
view. #
R7. Safe access shall be provided to all parts of machinery for periodic inspection or
maintenance. #
R8. Before lifting operation, the loads characteristics (size, weight, any anchorage point,
stability, etc) and floor condition shall be considered to determine the type of crane,
lifting gear and method of lifting. #
R9. Load shall be safely secured before lifting and maintained in stable condition and
free from swinging.
R10. Permit-to-Operate (PTO) and Permit-to-Move (PTM) shall be obtained and displayed
on the plant before operation and moving.
R11. A designated banksman is required if the operators view is blocked and signaling is
required. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. No crane shall be used under weather conditions likely to endanger its stability.
S2. Never overload the lifting appliance.
S3. No single lifting appliance or lifting gear shall be loaded beyond its safe working load
or rendered unstable in the raising or lowering of the load.
S4. Special risk assessment and method statement shall be developed for tandem lifting
operation, lifting operation at slope, or traveling with loads suspended.
S5. Never disable the safety catch.

Features

: F1. A traveling route of the crane and the loads shall be designated to minimize the
39

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
safety influence to the nearby workers, structure, plant and the public.
F2. Relevant certificates shall be kept and displayed. #
F3. Permit-to-Operate (PTO) and Permit-to-Move (PTM).
F4. A solid floor condition for sitting of cranes. #
F5. Walkietalkie to all operators and the signalers to have the most precise
communication.
F6. Personal protective equipment of signaler shall comply with the requirements of PPE
of this Book of Safety Standards.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Permit / certificate for tower crane

Photo 1. Permit for mobile crane

1
1
2
2

1. (F3) PTO/ PTM at the driving cabin

1. (F2) Certificate at tower crane safety board

2. (F4) A solid floor condition for sitting of cranes

2. (F3) PTO at tower crane safety board

40
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
LIFTING OPERATION

MOBILE CRANE

Requirements : R1. The operation area shall be barricaded.


R2. The outrigger beams shall be marked or painted to indicate the fully extended
(# - Statutory)
position and outrigger shall be fully extended. #
R3. Timber blocking shall be fairly rigid, tightly spaced, at least 3 times larger in area than
the float and completely support the float.
R4. The jib shall be completely lowered in case of adverse weather.
R5. For longer periods and for out-of-service conditions, isolation should be more
permanent, i.e., switches locked off, fuel supplies cut off and any doors giving access
to machinery or control cabins locked to prevent unauthorized access. The ignition
key and any other keys should be removed from the crane at any time when the
operator is absent from the machine.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Operation adjacent to overhead cable.


S2. Special risk assessment and method statement shall be developed for tandem lifting
operation, lifting operation at slope, or traveling with loads suspended.

Features

: F1. Jib/boom stops to prevent the jib/ boom from toppling or being pulled backwards over
the top of the cabin.
F2. Jib/boom length indicator for telescopic jib/boom.
F3. An effective audible warning signal which is mounted on the outside of the cabin and
with controls being easily reached by the operator.
F4. Safety cut devices.
F5. Manufacturers' manuals.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Crane operation zone

Photo 2. Extension of outrigger


1

2
1

1. (R1) The crane operation area is barricaded

1. (R2) Outrigger shall be fully extended


2. (R3) Timber blocking

41
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
LIFTING OPERATION

CRAWER CRANE

Requirements : R1. The operation area shall be barricaded.


R2. The crane shall not move while lifting a suspended loading.
(# - Statutory)
R3. The jib shall be completely lowered in case of adverse weather.
R4. For longer periods and for out-of-service conditions, isolation should be more
permanent, i.e., switches locked off, fuel supplies cut off and any doors giving access
to machinery or control cabins locked to prevent unauthorized access. The ignition
key and any other keys should be removed from the crane at any time when the
operator is absent from the machine.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Operation adjacent to overhead cable.


S2. Special risk assessment and method statement shall be developed for tandem lifting
operation, lifting operation at slope, or traveling with loads suspended.

Features

: F1. Jib/boom stops to prevent the jib/ boom from toppling or being pulled backwards over
the top of the cabin.
F2. Jib/boom length indicator for telescopic jib/boom.
F3. An effective audible warning signal which is mounted on the outside of the cabin and
with controls being easily reached by the operator.
F4. Safety cut devices.
F5. Manufacturers' manuals.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Crawer crane operation

1. (R1) The crane operation area is barricaded


2. Stable ground condition

42
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
LIFTING OPERATION

TOWER CRANE

Requirements : R1. Mounting base shall be designed by a professional engineer and checked by ICE.
R2. Crane operators shall conduct regular medical check to ensure they are agile, have
(# - Statutory)
good eyesight and are not height phobic.
R3. Effective earth connections shall be provided for electrically-operated cranes.
R4. Loading shall be lifted vertically and not towed.
R5. Tandem lifting by tower crane shall be strictly prohibited.
R6. In case of more that one tower crane was installed in the same site, the operation
overlap zone shall be identified and an anti-collision system shall be set up after
consulting Plant & Equipment Department of CSD.
R7. A boundary limited device shall be installed after consulting Plant & Equipment
Department of CSD to prevent any load from moving outside from the site boundary.
R8. When adverse weather conditions are expected, the main jib should be slewed to the
side of the tower away from the wind and put into free slew; the power supply
switched off and locked; any fuel supplies cut off; and doors or panels giving access
to electrical or mechanical equipment closed and locked.
R9. For longer periods and for out-of-service conditions, isolation should be more
permanent, i.e., switches locked off, fuel supplies cut off and any doors giving access
to machinery or control cabins locked to prevent unauthorized access. The ignition
key and any other keys should be removed from the crane at any time when the
operator is absent from the machine.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Before being left for a long period, tower cranes which do not have continuous

Features

: F1. Identification of the operation overlap zone and an anti-collision system.

full-circle slewing shall be slewed-back into their mid-position.

F2. Boundary limited device.


F3. Limit switch (e.g. hook height limit switch, lifting jib limit switches, trolley travel limit,
overload limit switch).
F4. Manufacturer's instruction book.

43
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Tower crane operation zone

Photo 2. Lift an object vertically

Tower Crane Operation Zone


and Boundary Control
TC2

1
TC1

1. (R6 & F1) Tower crane overlapping zone


2. (R7 & F2) Boundary control zone

(R4) Lifting a loading vertically

44
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Operation
LIFTING OPERATION

EXCAVATOR FOR LIFTING OPERATION

Requirements : R1. An excavator used for lifting operation shall be designed suitable for the purpose.
Solid evidence shall be provided by the manufacturer.
(# - Statutory)
R2. An Automatic Safe Load Indicator (ASLI) shall be installed for an excavator with its
safe working load of more than 1 tone. #
R3. Only the manufacturers designated lifting points on the excavator shall be used for
lifting and examined by RPE.
R4. The excavator operator who operates excavator in lifting operation shall hold a valid
crawer crane operator certificate.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Relevant instructions, information, conditions and restrictions as provided in the

Features

: F1. Form 3 and 5. #

manufacturers manuals shall be observed.

F2. Designated lifting points.


F3. ASLI. #
F4. Valid crawer crane operator certificate.
F5. Manufacturers manuals.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Load chart of excavator

Photo 2. Manufactures designated lifting points


1

1. (R3 & F2) Manufacturers designated lifting point

1. Load chart in driving cabin


Photo 3. Automatic safe load indicator
1

1. (R2 & F3) ASLI


45
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear

Lifting Gear

46
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear
LIFTING GEAR
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Tower Crane
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. Lifting gear shall be tested and examined by competent examiner prior to use.
Certificates and reports shall be kept and displayed. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. The safe working load shall be clearly and legibly marked on lifting gear, in English
and Chinese, together with an identification mark. #
R3. Colour code system shown as Photo 4 shall be adopted.
R4. Lifting gear shall be properly stored under cover in clean, dry, well-ventilated places
to prevent corrosion or other damage.
R5. Invalid / damaged lifting gear shall be painted in black and removed off site or cut to
prevent illegal use.
R6. Where necessary to prevent sharp bends in slings, corners of loads shall be
adequately padded. #
R7. The load shall be maintained balanced and stabilized.
R8. The lifting process shall be maintained smooth and slowly.
R9. When handling composite loads such as loose bundles of tubes, bars or wooden
battens, such composite loads shall first be tied up securely at their ends by steel
wires or similar means of adequate strength.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Never overload the lifting gear.


S2. No lifting appliance or lifting gear shall be loaded beyond its safe working load or
rendered unstable in the raising or lowering of the load. #

Features

: F1. Form 6, 7 and other valid certificate. #


F2. Safety working load and owner mark. #
F3. Colour code system.
F4. Proper storage and maintenance.
F5. All lifting gear must be inspected before use. #

47
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Proper storage of lifting gear

Photo 2. Lifting cage

(R4) Proper storage of lifting gear

(R1 & F1) Form 6 and 7


(R2 & F2) Safety working load and owner mark
(R3 & F3) Color code

Photo 3. Statutory requirements for periodic inspection, test and examination of lifting gear

Type

Lifting
Gear

Factories & Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances & Lifting Gear) Regulations
Frequency
Approved
Test
Examination
Inspection
Items
Form
Before first use
Fibre ropes
Test not required
Before each use 7
Every 6 months
6&7
Wire ropes
Before first use
Every 6 months
Before each use
Other Lifting Gear

Before first use

Every 6 months

Before each use

6&7

Photo 4. Colour code


Jan-Mar
Apr-Jun
Jul- Sept
Oct- Dec
To be removed from site
Equipment under quarantine
Not used for lifting purpose

Blue
Yellow
Green
Orange
Red
White
Black

48
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear
LIFTING GEAR

SINGLE LEG SLING

Requirements : R1. A vertical or straight lift is only suitable for lifting a load that will be stable when
suspended from a single lifting point.
(# - Statutory)
R2. Guiding rope shall be set at the load.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Before lifting up, the attachment point shall be checked again to ensure that the load

Features

: F1. Competent riggers to sling the load.

cannot slip out of the sling.

F2. Guiding rope.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Single leg sling slinging method

2
1

1. The load shall be maintained balanced


2. (S1) Attachment point is firmly secured
3. (R2 & F2) Guiding rope

49
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear
LIFTING GEAR

TWO SINGLE-LEG SLINGS USED TOGETHER

Requirements : R1. The slings shall be of the same length.


R2. The included angle of the slings shall not exceed 90 degrees.
(# - Statutory)
R3. The slings shall be connected to lifting hook by means of a shackle, ring or links of
adequate strength and rating. #
R4. Double guide ropes shall be used at both ends for lifting of long and big size object.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Before lifting up, the attachment point shall be checked again to ensure that the load
cannot slip out of the sling.
S2. Where the slings have different safe working load ratings, the load that can be lifted
is related to the lesser safe working load.

Features

: F1. Competent riggers to sling the load.


F2. Shackle, ring or links of adequate strength and rating to connect slings to lifting hook.
F3. Double guide ropes for long and big size object.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Double leg sling slinging method

1. (R2) The included angle of the slings


2. (S1) Attachment point is firmly secured
3. (R3 & F2) Shackle
4. (R4 & F3) Double guide ropes

50
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Lifting Gear
LIFTING GEAR

MULTI-LEGS SLING

Requirements : R1. The slings shall be of the same length.


R2. For three-leg slings, the angle of any leg to the vertical shall not exceed 45 degrees.
(# - Statutory)
R3. For four-leg slings, the included angle of the slings shall not exceed 90 degrees.
R4. The slings shall be connected to lifting hook by means of a shackle, ring or links of
adequate strength and rating. #
R5. Double guide ropes shall be used at both ends for lifting of long and big size object.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Before lifting up, the attachment point shall be checked again to ensure that the load
cannot slip out of the sling.
S2. Where the slings have different safe working load ratings, the load that can be lifted
is related to the lesser safe working load.
S3. The safe working load of any sling leg shall be not exceeded as a result of the angle
between the sling legs.

Features

: F1. Competent riggers to sling the load.


F2. Shackle, ring or links of adequate strength and rating to connect slings to lifting hook.
F3. Double guide ropes for long and big size object.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Mutilple legs sling slinging method

3
3
2
1

1. (R2) The angle of any leg to the vertical


2. (R3) The included angle of the slings
3. (R4 & F2) Shackle or ring
4. (R5 & F3) Double guide ropes

51
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping

Housekeeping

52
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
HOUSEKEEPING
Reference

FLOOR CONDITION

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-24: Housekeeping and Welfare Facilities


Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance

Requirements : R1. Make arrangement for ensuring safety and health in connection with the use,
handling, storage or transport of plant or substances.
(# - Statutory)
R2. Provide and maintain safe access to and egress from the workplaces.
R3. Provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Floor conditions on the site shall be maintained in safe and good condition. Any
uneven surface, slippery surface, loosen soil surface, protruded steel bar shall be
prevented.

Features

: F1. All damage to floors shall be repaired and maintained in good state promptly after
the damage is reported.
F2. Drainage system shall be installed and maintained if the floor is likely to become
flooding.
F3. Maintain floors free from slippery substances and in dry condition.
F4. Floors, roadways/walkways, elevated platforms and steps shall be kept clean.
F5. Install stepping board to prevent workers step on uneven surfaces.
F6. Provide plank access on steel reinforcement surfaces
F7. Place concrete to provide a strong and stable ground surface.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Good floor condition

Photo 2. Stepping board on uneven floor surface

(F3) Maintain floors free from slippery substances and (F5) Install stepping board to prevent workers step on
uneven surfaces
in dry condition
(F4) Floor shall be kept clean

53
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
Photo 3. Plank access on steel reinforcement surface Photo 4. Using concrete to improve floor surface

(F6) Provide plank access on steel reinforcement


surfaces

(F7) Place concrete to provide a strong and stable


ground surface

54
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
HOUSEKEEPING
Reference

ACCESS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-24: Housekeeping and Welfare Facilities


Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance

Requirements : R1. Provide and maintain safe access to and egress from the workplaces.
R2. Provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment.
(# - Statutory)
R3. Passageway shall be kept clear of any loosened materials which are not required for
immediate use.
R4. No timber or other material with protruding nails or sharp objects shall be stored or
left on site if such nails or objects are a source of danger to workmen employed
thereon.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Cables, protruding steel bars, loose materials can cause potential tripping hazards.

Features

: F1. All access shall be free of obstructions.

S2. All sharp edge shall be covered with protective material.

F2. No stacking of materials shall be allowed on walkways.


F3. No material shall be allowed to protrude beyond its storage area.
F4. Access between stacks shall be kept clear of obstruction and maintained at width of
400mm.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Access between stacks

Photo 2. Material in storage area

(F4) Access between stacks maintained free from


obstacle

(F3) No material protruding from the storage area

55
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
Photo 3. Good access condition

Photo 4. Sharp end cover of steel bars

(F1) Access free from obstacles and kept in clean


condition

(S3) Protective cap for protruding steel bars

56
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
HOUSEKEEPING
Reference

MATERIAL STORAGE AND STACKING

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-24: Housekeeping and Welfare Facilities


Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance

Requirements : R1. Make arrangement for ensuring safety and health in connection with the use,
handling, storage or transport of plant or substances.
(# - Statutory)
R2. Provide and maintain safe access to and egress from the workplaces.
R3. Provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Stacks shall be maintained in stable condition. Do not stack too high. In case it is
unavoidable, temporary support shall be installed and proper access and related fall
protection shall be considered.

Features

: F1. Superfluous materials shall be maintained in minimal quantities.


F2. Unused materials or equipment shall be removed off site.
F3. Never stack over 1.5m unless special support had been installed.
F4. Stacks shall be stable, bonded and interlocked with each other.
F5. Stacks shall be kept clear of vehicles, moving plant and equipment and pedestrian
traffic which could affect the instability.
F6. No climbing on a stack shall be permitted unless the stack is stable enough and the
climbing is done by a ladder or similar safe means.
F7. Special arrangement shall be made for heavy material stacking like tower cranes
parts, large concrete pipe, etc.
F8. Potential rolling material shall be properly wedged.

57
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Stacking of rolling material

Photo 2. Good stacking practice

(F8) Potential rolling material shall be properly wedged (F3) Never stack over 1.5m
(F5) Clear of traffic

58
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Housekeeping
HOUSEKEEPING
Reference

SITE CLEAN AND TIDY

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-24: Housekeeping and Welfare Facilities


Factories and Industrial Undertakings Ordinance
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Occupational Safety and Health Ordinance

Requirements : R1. Provide and maintain a safe and healthy work environment.
(# - Statutory)
Safety
Precautions

: S1. Maintain good site hygienic condition. Prevent mosquito and rats breeding on site.

Features

: F1. Waste material shall be categorized for possible recycling, sale or disposal.
F2. Remove stagnant water
F3. All workplaces shall be kept clean and tidy.
F4. All racks, shelves and cupboards shall be free of superfluous material and kept tidy.
F5. All plant installed or kept in workplace shall be free of dirt, waste materials and
debris.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Categorize waste

Photo 2. Stagnant water

(F1) Categorize wastes for separate handling

(F2) Remove stagnant water

Photo 3. Site cleaning

Photo 4. Material storage on racks

(F3) All workplaces shall be kept tidy and clean

(F6) Free of superfluous material and kept tidy


59

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection

Fire Protection

60
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
FIRE PROTECTION
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-22: Fire Prevention


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Dangerous Substances) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Fire Precautions in Notifiable Workplaces)
Regulations
Fire Service (Installations and Equipment) Regulations
Fire Services Department - Circular Letters
Code of Practice for Minimum Fire Service Installations and Equipment and Inspection
and Testing of Installations and Equipment

Requirements : R1. Fire Prevention: Effective control measures shall be taken to minimize fire risk in
the workplace including smoking, naked flame or other hot work, and flammable
(# - Statutory)
substance used on site.
R2. Fire Fighting: Sufficient number of fire extinguishers, fire pumps and other fire
fighting equipment shall be provided and maintained in good condition. Training of
fire extinguisher operation shall be provided to all. #
R3. Emergency Escape: Emergency escape routes in the workplace shall be planned,
displayed and maintained free of obstruction. Clear signage shall be provided. #
R4. Specific fire plan shall be prepared for individual site areas.
R5. No person other than a registered contractor shall maintain, inspect or repair any fire
service installation or equipment installed in any premises. #
R6. Fire service installation or equipment shall be inspected by a registered contractor at
least once in every 12 months. #
R7. Fuel tanks shall be filled with engines turned off.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All identified fire risks shall be adequately managed and controlled.

Features

: F1. Fire control points with all fire emergency information.


F2. Good housekeeping conditions.
F3. No smoking policy or designated smoking areas.
F4. Area emergency assembly point and escape routes.
F5. Emergency exits
F6. Exit signs.
F7. Back up alarm (e.g. fire gong, loud speaker).

61
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Fire control point

Photo 2. Escape route

(F1) Fire control point

(F4) Clear indication of escape route and assembly


point

Photo 3. Exit sign

Photo 4. Back up alarm

(F6) Exit sign installed in workplace

(F7) Back up alarm (fire gong, loud speaker)

62
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
FIRE PROTECTION
Reference

FIRE EXTINGUISHERS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-22: Fire Prevention


Fire Services Ordinance
Fire Protection Notice No.11 Notes on Fire Extinguishers (Suitability and Maintenance)

Requirements : R1. A portable fire extinguisher shall be provided for each 200 square meters of floor
area having been constructed and each floor shall have not less than two fire
(# - Statutory)
extinguishers. #
R2. A portable fire extinguisher shall also be provided in each site office.
R3. Fire extinguishers shall be easily accessible and located close to staircase. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Suitable type of fire extinguishers shall be used for specific type of fire.

Features

: F1. All portable fire extinguishers shall conform to BSEN3: 1996.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Fire extinguisher

Photo 1. Fire extinguisher

(R3) Easily accessible

(R3) Easily accessible

Photo 3. Types of fire extinguisher


Types of fire
extinguisher

Application on classes of fire


hazards

According to
BS 5423
Colour of
extinguisher

According to BS EN 3 /
BS 7863
Colour of
colour for
extinguisher
content

Water

Red

Red

Red

Foam

Cream

Red

Cream

Carbon
dioxide

Black

Red

Black

Dry powder

Blue

Red

Blue

Ordinary Fire ~
Wood, paper fire

Flammable liquid fire


~ petrol, diesel fire

Electricity fire ~
electrical appliance

63
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
FIRE PROTECTION
Reference

FIXED FIRE PUMP

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-22: Fire Prevention


Fire Services Ordinance
Fire Protection Notice No.11 Notes on Fire Extinguishers (Suitability and Maintenance)

Requirements : R1. Fixed fire pumps shall be provided to relay water supply for all floors above 30m. #
R2. The number and position of fire pumps shall be determined jointly by site
(# - Statutory)
management and the FSD Officers, the latter having full discretion on the overall
installation. #
R3. Each pump shall be fitted with inlet/outlet of standard 65mm instantaneous coupling
conforming to BS336. The inlet/outlet shall be individually controlled by a
wheel-operated screw valve designed to open by counter-clockwise rotation. The
direction of opening of the valve shall be clearly engraved in both English and
Chinese on the wheel. #
R4. The pump set shall not cause any obstruction to means of escape. #
R5. A plan showing the locations of the fixed fire pumps shall be provided in 2 prominent
positions at the entrance of the construction site. #
R6. Directional signs indicating the access to the fixed fire pump(s) shall be displayed at
prominent position immediately outside the ground level entrance of the staircases
and at suitable intervals. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Backup power supply shall be provided for electric-driven fire fighting equipment

Features

: F1. A location plan of the fixed fire pumps.

(e.g., fire pumps). #

F2. Directional signs to the fixed fire pumps.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Fixed fire pump

Photo 2. Fire pump indication


1

2
1. (F1) Location plan of fire pumps
2. (F2) Directional signs to access fire pump

64
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
FIRE PROTECTION
Reference

STORAGE OF HAZARDS SUBSTANCE AND DANGEROUS GOODS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-22: Fire Prevention


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Dangerous Substances) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Fire Precautions in Notifiable Workplaces)
Regulations
Dangerous Goods Ordinance

Requirements : R1. The storage of dangerous substance shall be maintained under the permissible
exempted quantity as far as practicable. Exempted quantity of dangerous goods is
(# - Statutory)
shown in the following table:#
Dangerous Goods
Acetylene gas
Compressed oxygen gas
Paint, Lacquer & Varnish
Paint Thinner
Diesel Oils
Petrol

Category
2
2
5
5
5
5

Exempted Quantity
2 cylinders
2 cylinders
250 litres
20 litres
2500 litres
20 litres

R2. Dangerous goods license shall be applied for over-exempted quantities used on site.
R3. Fire protective cabinet shall be used for storage of highly flammable substance.
R4. All liquid chemicals shall be stored on collective tray.
R5. Bonding of metallic components shall be applied whenever appropriate for
eliminating electrostatic charges.
R6. Clear warning label, which contains safety precaution and name of dangerous
goods, shall be posted in all area where used or stored.
R7. Adequate number of fire extinguishers (foam type or powder type) shall be placed at
storage area entrances.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All chemical temporary store areas shall be maintained with good ventilation.

Features

: F1. Dangerous goods license.

S2. Direct sunlight on flammable substances shall be avoided.

F2. Fire protective cabinet.


F3. Clear warning labels.
F4. Fire extinguishers.

65
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Flammable substance cabinet

Photo 2. Dangerous goods store

1
3
(R3 & F2) Fire protective cabinet
1. (R2 & F1) Valid license
2. (R6 & F3) Warning sign and name of dangerous
goods
3. (R7 & F4) Fire Extinguisher

66
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
FIRE PROTECTION
Reference

HOT WORKS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-22: Fire Prevention


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-15: Arc Welding, Gas Welding and Flame
Cutting
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Dangerous Substances) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Fire Precautions in Notifiable Workplaces)
Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Gas Welding and Flame Cutting) Regulations

Requirements : R1. Any work process which generates flames, sparks, molten slag or heat by using a
mechanical, electrical or energized tool or equipment to apply to certain material for
(# - Statutory)
treatment, including gas and electrical welding and cutting, brazing, cutting, grinding,
heat treatment, etc., shall be treated as hot work.
R2. Hot work permit shall be obtained and displayed.
R3. Before starting hot work, combustible material in the adjacent area shall be removed
or protected by non-combustible materials.
R4. During welding, cutting or grinding, the work area shall be suitable screened using
incombustible material.
R5. Spark proof measures shall be adopted, e.g. fire blanket, spark tray, etc.
R6. The area of any hot work shall be inspected one hour after the work has finished.
R7. Gas welder / flame cutter shall hold a valid license. #
R8. The welding/cutting equipment shall comply with the requirements of Plant and
Equipment of this Book of Safety Standards.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Adequate precaution shall be taken for the working environment, especially working
adjacent to the public, traffic roads, other working teams, confined spaces, painting
work, etc.
S2. Good ventilation and housekeeping shall be maintained in the work place.

Features

: F1. Hot work permit.


F2. Safety rules and safety sign.
F3. Fire extinguisher.

67
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Fire Protection
Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Hot work

Photo 2. Hot work


2

3
1
2
1

1. (F1) Hot work permit

1. (F1) Hot work permit

2. (F2) Safety rules and safety sign

2. (F2) Safety rules and safety sign

3. (F3) Fire extinguisher

3. (F3) Fire extinguisher

68
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation

Excavation

69
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
EXCAVATION
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-14: Excavations


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations (Reg. 3841)

Requirements : R1. Permit-to-work for Excavation shall be obtained before excavation begins on site. #
R2. Excavation more than 1.2m deep shall be provided with supports at sides of
(# - Statutory)
excavations. Suitable shoring shall be erected or slope shall be formed according to
an approved design. #
R3. Temporary works design for excavation shall be certified by ICE. #
R4. Temporary works coordinator shall check whether the temporary works or cut slope
are completed as per the ICE certificate and issue a temporary works certificate.
R5. Excavations shall be examined by a competent person appointed by the SHS&ER at
least once a week, with Form 4 filled up and displayed at the excavation. #
R6. Safe means of access and egress shall be provided and free from obstructions and
loose earth. If a steel stepladder is provided as such safe means, it shall: a. Be at least 400mm wide with one side rigid handrail made of scaffold tube;#
b. Extend from the bottom of the excavation trench to the top edge of the bank;#
c. Extend from the bottom of the excavation to at least 900mm above the ground
with suitable landings if the depth is greater than 9m. #
R7. Adequate edge protection should be provided along the edge of the excavation.
Refer to the requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. If
rigid mill barrier is provided as edge protection#, it shall: a. Be inter-locked with each other;
b. Be laterally supported by 12mm diameter rebar at every 2m, or welded to
sheetpile with 16mm diameter rebar at every 2m in case where sheetpiles are
installed as shoring. All sharp end of rebar shall be wrapped with protective tape.
c. With 200mm high toe-boards installed. #
R8. Materials shall be stored at a safe distance away from the edge of excavation to
avoid collapsing of the edge. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All underground services such as sewers, gas pipes, water pipes and electric cables
that may cause danger during the work shall be identified before work begins. #
S2. Soil shall be removed from sheetpiles and wailings to prevent falls onto persons. #
S3. Cylindrical pipes shall be secured with triangular concrete wedges.

Features

: F1. Permit-to-work for Excavation.


F2. ICE certificate.
F3. Temporary works certificate.
70

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
F4. Form 4.
F5. Shoring system (sheetpile, timber planks, etc).
F6. Open-cut excavation.
F7. Steel stepladder.
F8. Guardrails and toe-boards.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Display of relevant certificates

Photo 2. Sheetpile trench

1. (R1 & F1) Permit-to-dig


2. (R3 & F2) ICE certificate
3. (R4 & F3) Temporary works certificate

1. (F5) Sheetpile shoring system

4. (R5 & F4) Form 4

2. (S2) Soil is removed from the sheetpile

Photo 3. Open cut excavation

Photo 4. Safe means of access (S1)


3
2

1
1

1. (F6) Open cut excavation

1. (R6 & F7) Steps with 400mm wide and horizontal


2. (R6) Handrail
3. (R6) Extend to the ground

71
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
Photo 5. Edge protection

Photo 6. Edge protection on sheetpile


1

2
1. (R7 & F8) Rigid barriers line up as guard-rail
2. (R7 & F8) Toe-boards
3. (R7) Lateral support

2
1. (R7 & F8) Guardrails welded to sheetpile
2. (R7 & F8) Sheetpile acting as toe-boards

72
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
EXCAVATION
Reference

PROTECTION OF UNDERGROUND UTILITIES

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-14: Excavations


Code of Practice on Working near Electricity Supply Lines

Requirements : R1. A competent person shall full time supervise the digging of trial holes on site. #
R2. All underground services such as sewers, gas pipes, water pipes and electric cables
(# - Statutory)
that may cause danger during the work shall be identified before work begins. #
R3. Underground gas, water, electrical and other public utilities shall be shut off or
disconnected if necessary. #
R4. Exposed underground utilities shall be hung, supported or protected as per the
specific recommendations of the utilities companies. #
R5. Warning signs shall be displayed along the alignment of the utilities. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A permit-to-work system should be put in place before and in the course of
excavation works. #
S2. Underground cables shall be identified according to the requirement of Electricity of
this Book of Safety Standards.

Features

: F1. Permit-to-work for Excavation.


F2. Competent person.
F3. Trial holes.
F4. Warning signs.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Exposed utilities

Photo 1. Trial hole

1
1

1. (R1, F2 & F3) Competent person full time

1. (R5 & F4) Warning signs of exposed utilities

supervises trial hole digging

73
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
EXCAVATION
Reference

OPERATION OF EXCAVATORS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-14: Excavations


Code of Practice on Safe Use of Excavators

Requirements : R1. Excavator shall comply with the requirements in Plant and Equipment of this Book of
Safety Standards.
(# - Statutory)
R2. The operation zone of excavator shall be completely fenced off with barriers at a
minimum distance of 2m measured from the edge of the ballast. Warning signs
should also be displayed.
R3. Banksman shall be designated and be in full time attendance for the operation of
excavator.
R4. Banksman shall stop any persons from entering the operation zone whilst the
excavator is in operation.
R5. Photos of operator and banksman shall be displayed prominently on the upper
structure of the excavator.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Nobody shall enter the operation zone while the excavator is in operation.

Features

: F1. Operation zone being demarcated.


F2. Warning signs and barriers.
F3. Photos of operator and banksman.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Safety features of excavator

Photo 2. Safety features of excavator

3
1

4
1
1. (R1) Ballast with chevron pattern
2. (R1) 600mm clearance rule

1. (R1) Audio sensor

3. (R1) Flashing lights on both sides


4. (R1) Clear windows

74
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
Photo 4. Operator and bandsmans photos

Photo 3. Excavator operation


3

1. (R2 & F1) Operation zone is fenced off

1. (R5 & F3) Operator and bandsmans photos

2. (R3) Banksman attends full time


3. (R4 & S1) No person is allowed to entry the zone

75
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Excavation
EXCAVATION
Reference

BANKSMAN

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms: Banksman


Code of Practice on Safe Use of Excavators

Requirements : R1. Banksman shall be designated and be in full time attendance for the operation of
excavator.
(# - Statutory)
R2. Banksman shall attend a specific banksman training course.
R3. Banksman should wear a blue helmet with a specific sticker to identify that he has
been trained.
R4. Banksman should wear a blue reflective vest with the wording of banksman in both
Chinese and English displayed on the back.
R5. Banksman should be equipped with a whistle or other communication equipment.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Banksman should stop person from entering the demarcation zone while in

Features

: F1. Blue helmet with a specific identification sticker.

operation.

F2. Blue reflective vest with the wording of banksman.


F3. Communication equipment (e.g. whistle, walkie-talkie).

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Banksman

Photo 2. Banksman

3
1

1. (R3 & F1) Blue helmet

1. (R4 & F2) Logo of banksman at the back

2. (R3 & F1) Specific trained identification


3. (R4 & F2) Blue reflective vest
4. (R5 & F3) Whistle

76
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment

Personal Protective Equipment

77
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Reference

GENERAL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-02: Personal Protection Equipment


Personal Protective Equipment Handbook 2006
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Noise at Work) Regulations
Guidance Notes on the Selection, Use and Maintenance of Safety Helmets
Guidance Notes on Classification and Use of Safety Belts and their Anchorage Systems
Safety at Work - A Guide to Personal Protective Equipment

Requirements : R1. When there is a hazard to personal safety or health at work, it is most important to
eliminate the hazard by adopting safety measures like engineering controls,
(# - Statutory)
improved work processes and administrative controls. PPE should be used only
when these measures cannot control the hazards effectively. #
R2. Wearing safety helmet, reflective vest and safety boots is mandatory when entering
a construction site. #
R3. Wearing safety harness is mandatory when working at height. #
R4. Wearing life jacket is mandatory when working over water. #
R5. Wearing cotton gloves is mandatory when carrying out material / manual handling.
R6. Wearing hearing protectors is mandatory when entering an ear protection zone or
being exposed to noise level at or above 85dB(A) 8 hours Leq. #
R7. Wearing eye protection equipment is mandatory when carrying works such as
hammering, drilling, grinding, cutting, etc. #
R8. Wearing respirators is mandatory when working in dusty environment, contacting
with respirable dangerous substances or oxygen deficiency existed. #
R9. Wearing breathing apparatus is mandatory when working in hazardous atmosphere
or oxygen deficiency environment. #
R10. Training in the proper use and maintenance of PPE shall be provided. #
R11. Sufficient PPE shall be provided and be readily available on site. #
R12. PPE shall be issued to employee on a personal basis and they must sign an
Acknowledgement Form for PPE (OCP-hsms-02 Form 1).
R13. Only nominated PPE in the Personal Protective Equipment Handbook shall be used.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Cotton gloves shall not be used during operating woodworking machines.

Features

: F1. Helmet [Brand names: Protector/ Centurion/ AOSafety]


F2. Reflective vest (Highway standard)
F3. Safety boots
a. Safety boots [Brand names: AUDA A0436/ Krushers JUNEE 212149/ COFRA
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Personal Protective Equipment


Mida]
b. Rigger boots [Brand name: CORFA Zete]
F4. Safety harness [Brand names: Protecta AB113/ SWELOCK (K453S)]
F5. Life jacket (Brand name: OMEGA gas inflation life jacket)
F6. Gloves
a. Cotton gloves (Not specified)
b. Leather gloves (Not specified)
c. Rubber gloves [Brand names: Ansell Model: 37-175 / Ansell Model: PVA]
F7. Ear defenders/plugs [Brand names: PELTOR (H520B) / PELTOR (H6B/v) / PELTOR
(H6A) / E-A-R (Taperfit 2) (312-1219) / MAX (Howard Leight) (AS-30R) / E-A-R
(TaperFit with cord) (312-1223) / AIRSoft (Howard Leight) (AS-30R) / Bilsom (556) /
Moldex]
F8. Eye protectors
a. Safety spectacles [Brand names: AOSafety / MSA]
b. Flame cutting / welding goggles [Brand names: AOSafety (Model No: 14460) /
Achilles]
F9. Respirators
a. Dust mask [Brand names: 3M (9211) / MSA (FR201) / GIKO (1200) / Moldex
(2207N95)]
b. Welder mask [Brand names: GIKO (1200) NIOSH, N95]
F10. Breathing apparatus
a. Cartridge respirator [Brand names: DR-28L2W / AOSafety (UniStar)
(S2057B-P100) / AOSafety (UniStar) (S2057B-P100) / 3M (M7502) / AOSafety
(QuickLatch 8000)]
F11. Body protection
a. Coveralls (Not specified)
b. Welders body coveralls/apron [Brand names: Climax / Achilles]
c. Welders head and arm covering (Not specified)
d. Face shield for welding (Not specified)
e. Full face shield (Not specified)

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Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Reflective vest

Photo 3. (F3) Safety boots

Photo 4. (F3) Rigger boots

Photo 5. (F4) Safety harness

Photo 6. (F5) Life jacket

Photo 7. (F6) Cotton gloves

Photo 8. (F6) Leather gloves

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Photo 9. (F6) Rubber gloves

Photo 10. (F7) Ear defenders/plugs

Photo 11. (F8) Safety spectacles

Photo 12. (F8) Flame cutting / welding goggles

Photo 13. (F9) Dust mask

Photo 14. (F9) Welder mask

Photo 15. (F10) Cartridge respirator

Photo 16. (F11) Coveralls

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Photo 17. (F11) Welders body coveralls/apron

Photo 18. (F11) Welder face shield

Photo 19. (F11) Full face shield

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PPE REQUIREMENT

MANAGEMENT, FOREMAN, SITE SUPERVISOR, ENGINEER, SURVEYOR, VISITOR,


CONFINED SPACE COMPETENT PERSON, FIRST AIDER, EXCAVATOR OPERATOR,
CRANE OPERATOR, CRANE TRUCK OPERATOR

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Struck by falling objects.


S2. Slip, trip and fall.
S3. Fall from height.
S4. Struck by objects/moving plants.
S5. Toppling of plants.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Reflective vest

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Safety harness

Photo 4. (F4) Reflective vest

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

MATERIAL AND PASSENGER HOIST OPERATOR

: S1. Struck by falling objects.


S2. Struck by moving objects.
S3. Electrocution.
S4. Slip, trip and fall.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Reflective vest
F5. (Desirable) Cotton gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Safety harness

Photo 4. (F4) Reflective vest

Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

GLAZIERS, BANKSMAN

: S1. Laceration/ cut.


S2. Failure of lifting appliances and gear.
S3. Slip, trip and fall.
S4. Crush injury.
S5. Sprain and strain.
S6. Struck by lifting appliance.
S7. Fall from height.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Reflective vest
F5. (Desirable) Cotton gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F1) Helmet (For Banksman)

Photo 3. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 4. (F3) Safety harness

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Photo 5. (F4) Reflective vest

Photo 6. (F4) Reflective vest (For Banksman)

Photo 7. (F5) Cotton gloves

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

RIGGER

: S1. Struck by falling objects.


S2. Slip, trip and fall.
S3. Fall from height.
S4. Struck by objects/moving plants.
S5. Failure of lifting appliances and gear.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Rigger Boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Reflective vest
F5. Leather gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Rigger Boots

Photo 3. (F3) Safety harness

Photo 4. (F4) Reflective vest

Photo 5. (F5) Leather gloves

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PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

PLANT INSPECTOR/ MECHANICS

: S1. Struck by falling objects.


S2. Slip, trip and fall.
S3. Fall from height.
S4. Struck by vehicles/moving plants.
S5. Drowning.
S6. Lost of hearing.
S7. Laceration/ cut.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Leather gloves
F6. Ear defenders/plugs
F7. (Desirable) Coveralls

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Leather gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Ear plug

Photo 7. (F7) Coveralls

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

ARC WELDER

: S1. Ejection of particles.


S2. Burns/ UV burns.
S3. Inhalation of fume.
S4. Electrocution.
S5. Fall from height.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Welders body coveralls/apron
F5. Face shield
F6. Welder mask
F7. Leather gloves for welding
F8. Welders head and arm covering

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Safety harness

Photo 4. (F4) Welders apron

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Photo 5. (F5) Face shield

Photo 6. (F6) Welder mask

Photo 7. (F7) Leather Gloves for welding

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

OXY-ACETYLENE WELDER/ FLAME CUTTER

: S1. Ejection of particles.


S2. Burns/ UV burns.
S3. Inhalation of fume.
S4. Electrocution.
S5. Fall from height.
S6. Drowning.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Safety harness
F4. Welders body coveralls/apron
F5. Welder mask
F6. Leather gloves for welding
F7. Welders head and arm covering
F8. Flame cutting / welding goggles

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Safety harness

Photo 4. (F4) Welders apron

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Photo 5. (F5) Welder mask

Photo 6. (F6) Leather Gloves for welding

Photo 7. (F8) Welding goggles

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

ELECTRICIAN

: S1. Electrocution.
S2. Fire/ burns.
S3. Fall from height.
S4. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S5. Laceration/ cut.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Cotton gloves
F6. (Desirable) Safety spectacles

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

BLOCK-WORKER

: S1. Strained and sprained.


S2. Fall from height.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S4. Inhalation of dust.
S5. Dermatitis.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Rubber gloves
F6. (Desirable) Safety spectacles
F7. (Desirable) Dust mask

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Rubber gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Safety spectacles

Photo 7. (F7) Dust mask

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

PLUMBER

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Trap between objects.
S3. Sprain and strain.
S4. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S5. Laceration/ cut.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. (Desirable) Safety spectacles
F6. Leather gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Leather gloves

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CARTRIDGE TOOL OPERATOR

: S1. Foreign bodies into eyes.


S2. Lost of hearing.
S3. Fall from height.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Ear defenders/plugs
F6. Cotton gloves
F7. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

Photo 6. (F6) Cotton gloves

Photo 7. (F7) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CONCRETE BREAKING WORKERS

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Lost of hearing.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S4. Inhalation of dust.
S5. Sprain and strain.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Ear defenders/plugs
F6. Cotton gloves
F7. Dust mask
F8. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

Photo 6. (F6) Cotton gloves

Photo 7. (F7) Dust mask

Photo 8. (F8) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

WATERPROOF APPLICATOR

: S1. Skin irritation.


S2. Eye irritation.
S3. Fall from height.
S4. Inhalation of vapours/ dust.
S5. Sprain and strain.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Cartridge respirator
F6. Full face shield
F7. Rubber gloves
F8. Coveralls
F9. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Cartridge respirator

Photo 6. (F6) Full face shield

Photo 7. (F7) Rubber gloves

Photo 8. (F8) Coverall

Photo 9. (F9) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

PLANT FITTER

: S1. Inhalation of fumes/ dust.


S2. Dermatitis.
S3. Laceration.
S4. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S5. Lost of hearing.
S6. Drowning.
S7. Fall from height.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Ear defenders/plugs
F6. Leather gloves
F7. Dust mask
F8. Rubber gloves
F9. Coveralls
F10. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

Photo 6. (F6) Leather gloves

Photo 7. (F7) Dust mask

Photo 8. (F8) Rubber gloves

Photo 9. (F9) Coverall

Photo 10. (F10) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

GENERAL LABOURER

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Inhalation of dust.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S4. Laceration/ cut.
S5. Drowning.
S6. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Ear defenders/plugs
F6. Cotton gloves
F7. Dust mask
F8. Cartridge respirator
F9. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

Photo 6. (F6) Cotton gloves

Photo 7. (F7) Dust mask

Photo 8. (F8) Cartridge respirator

Photo 9. (F9) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CLADDERS

: S1. Foreign bodies into eyes.


S2. Fall from height.
S3. Struck by moving plants.
S4. Laceration/ cut.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Cotton gloves
F6. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

MEWP OPERATOR

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Laceration/ cut.
S3. Inhalation of dust.
S4. Foreign bodies into eyes.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. (Desirable) Cotton gloves
F6. (Desirable) Dust mask
F7. (Desirable) Safety spectacles

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

Photo 7. (F7) Safety spectacles

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CARPENTER

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Laceration/ cut.
S3. Inhalation of dust.
S4. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S5. Lost of hearing.
S6. Skin irritation when handling of chemicals.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. (Desirable) Cotton gloves
F6. (Desirable) Dust mask
F7. (Desirable) Safety spectacles
F8. (Desirable) Ear defenders/plugs
F9. Rubber gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

Photo 7. (F7) Safety spectacles

Photo 8. (F8) Ear plug

Photo 9. (F9) Rubber gloves

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CEILING FIXER, E&M WORKER

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Laceration/ cut.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S4. Electrocution.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Cotton gloves
F6. Safety spectacles

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Safety spectacles

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

STEEL ERECTOR

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Laceration/ cut.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S4. Inhalation of dust/ fumes.
S5. Burns.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Cotton gloves
F6. Safety spectacles
F7. Face shield
F8. Welder mask
F9. Leather gloves for welding
F10. Welders body coveralls/apron
F11. Welders head and arm covering

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Cotton gloves

Photo 6. (F6) Safety spectacles

Photo 7. (F7) Face shield

Photo 8. (F8) Welder mask

Photo 9. (F9) Leather Gloves for welding

Photo 10. (F10) Welders apron

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CONCRETOR

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S3. Lost of hearing.
S4. Dermatitis.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. Safety spectacles
F6. Ear defenders/plugs
F7. Rubber gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Ear plug

Photo 7. (F7) Rubber gloves

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

PAINTER

: S1. Foreign bodies into eyes.


S2. Inhalation of dust/ fume.
S3. Dermatitis.
S4. Fall from height.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Cartridge respirator
F6. Full face shield
F7. Rubber gloves
F8. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Cartridge respirator

Photo 6. (F6) Full face shield

Photo 7. (F7) Rubber gloves

Photo 8. (F8) Safety harness

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

SCAFFOLDER, SCAFFOLDER CP

: S1. Foreign bodies into eyes.


S2. Fall from height.
S3. Laceration/ cut.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety spectacles
F5. Safety harness
F6. Leather gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety spectacles

Photo 5. (F5) Safety harness

Photo 6. (F6) Leather gloves

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

STEEL FIXER

: S1. Laceration/ cut.


S2. Fall from height.
S3. Sprain and strain.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Leather gloves
F5. Safety harness

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Leather gloves

Photo 5. (F5) Safety harness

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT

FORK LIFT OPERATOR

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Ear defenders/plugs

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Ear plug

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

CONFINED SPACE CW

: S1. Fall from height.


S2. Inhalation of dust/ fume.
S3. Dermatitis.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Safety harness
F5. (Desirable) Cartridge respirator
F6. (Desirable) Cotton gloves

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Safety harness

Photo 5. (F5) Cartridge respirator

Photo 6. (F6) Cotton gloves

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Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

DRAINLAYER

: S1. Abrasion.
S2. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S3. Inhalation of dust/ fume.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Cotton gloves
F5. (Desirable) Safety spectacles
F6. (Desirable) Dust mask

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Cotton gloves

Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

SITE INVESTIGATION RIG OPERATOR

: S1. Laceration/ cut.


S2. Lost of hearing.
S3. Foreign bodies into eyes.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Rigger Boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Leather gloves
F5. Ear defenders/plugs
F6. (Desirable) Safety spectacles

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Leather gloves

Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

Photo 6. (F6) Safety spectacles

125
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

TUNNEL WORKER

: S1. Abrasion.
S2. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S3. Inhalation of dust.
S4. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Cotton gloves
F5. Safety spectacles
F6. Dust mask
F7. (Desirable) Ear defenders/plugs

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Cotton gloves

126
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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

Photo 7. (F7) Ear plug

127
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

FLOOR LAYER

: S1. Dermatitis.
S2. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S3. Inhalation of dust.
S4. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Rubber gloves
F5. Safety spectacles
F6. Dust mask
F7. (Desirable) Ear defenders/plugs

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Rubber gloves

128
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Personal Protective Equipment


Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

Photo 7. (F7) Ear plug

129
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

PLASTERER

: S1. Dermatitis.
S2. Foreign bodies into eyes.
S3. Inhalation of dust.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest
F4. Rubber gloves
F5. Safety spectacles
F6. Dust mask

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Rubber gloves

Photo 5. (F5) Safety spectacles

Photo 6. (F6) Dust mask

130
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT
Safety
Precautions

SECURITY GUARD, APPOINTED FIRE WARDENS

: S1. Struck by falling objects.


S2. Slip, trip and fall.
S3. Struck by objects/moving plants.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Reflective vest

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

131
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT

ROLLER OPERATOR

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet

S2. Toppling of plants.

F2. Safety boots


F3. Reflective vest
F4. Ear defenders/plugs

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Ear plug

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT

PILING WORKER

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Lost of hearing.

Features

: F1. Helmet

S2. Laceration.

F2. Rigger Boots


F3. Reflective vest
F4. Leather gloves
F5. Ear defenders/plugs

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Rigger Boots

Photo 3. (F3) Reflective vest

Photo 4. (F4) Leather gloves

Photo 5. (F5) Ear plug

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Personal Protective Equipment


PPE REQUIREMENT

WORKER WORKING OVER WATER

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Drowning.

Features

: F1. Helmet
F2. Safety boots
F3. Life jacket

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. (F1) Helmet

Photo 2. (F2) Safety boots

Photo 3. (F3) Life Jacket

134
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Plant and Equipment

Plant and Equipment

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

TOWER CRANE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Tower Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Tower crane shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner after
erection or every 12 months with Form 2, 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Tower crane shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. The cabin shall be fitted with a lock to prevent
unauthorized entry and fire extinguishers. #
R5. Tower crane shall be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). This does
not apply to a crane with a maximum safe working load of 1 tonne or less. #
R6. Every brake on the tower crane shall be fail-safe, i.e. the brake will be automatically
applied wherever there is loss of power. #
R7. Tower crane shall be marked with identification and the safe working load (SWL), in
English and Chinese. #
R8. Tower crane shall be equipped with built-in safety devices, i.e. a hook height limit
switch, luffing jib limit switches, a trolley travel limit switch, etc. which operate
automatically to prevent damage to the machine should the operator make an error.
#
R9. Safe mean of access and egress (e.g. access ladders with safety hoops or
guardrails) shall be provided. Suitable rest platforms shall also be provided at
intervals of not greater than 9m. #
R10. All exposed moving parts of a tower crane such as gears, pulleys, belts, chains,
shafts, flywheels, etc. which might constitute a hazard under normal operation
conditions shall be effectively guarded. #
R11. Electrically-operated cranes should have an effective earth connection and all tower
cranes should be completely and correctly earthed for lightning protection. #
R12. Proper communication channel should be established between operator and slinger /
signaler, e.g. radio and walkie-talkie. #
R13. In case of more that one tower crane was installed in the same site, the operation
overlap zone shall be identified and an anti-collision system shall be set up after
consulting Plant & Equipment Department of CSD. #
R14. A boundary limited device shall be installed after consulting Plant & Equipment
136
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Plant and Equipment


Department of CSD to prevent any load from moving outside from the site boundary.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high

Features

: F1. Automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). #

voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

F2. Fail-safe brake. #


F3. Identification mark. #
F4. Safe working load (SWL). #
F5. Built-in safety devices. #
F6. Anti-collision system. #
F7. Boundary limited device.
F8. Safety catch for hooks. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Operator cabin


1

Photo 2. Earthing device


1

1. (R4) Operator cabin with unobstructed window

1. (R11) Earthing device

Photo 3. Lightning protection

Photo 4. Access ladders with safety hoops

1. (R11) Lightning protection

1. (R9) Access ladder with safety hoops

137
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Plant and Equipment


Photo 5. Rest platform

Photo 6. Automatic safe load indicator

1
1

1. (R9) Rest platform for access and egress

1. (R5 & F1) ASLI

Photo 7. Safe working load

Photo 8. Built-in safety device

1
1

1. (R7 & F4) Safe working load


1. (R8 & F5) Hook height limit switch
Photo 9. Anti-collision system

Photo 10. Safety catch

1
1

1. (F8) Safety catch


1. (R13) Anti-collision system

138
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CRAWLER-MOUNTED MOBILE CRANE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Crawler crane shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner
after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Crawler crane shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R5. Crawler crane shall be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). This does
not apply to a crane with a maximum safe working load of 1 tonne or less. #
R6. Crawler crane shall be marked with identification and the safe working load (SWL), in
English and Chinese. #
R7. Crawler crane shall be equipped with a built-in hook height limit switch which operate
automatically to prevent damage to the machine should the operator make an error.
#
R8. Alarm and flashing lights, both side mirrors, warning flash light (Green, Yellow and
Red), mega phone and audio sensors shall be provided.
R9. The work area of crane shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. Warning signs, in
English and Chinese, shall be displayed at the back of crane. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A crawler crane shall only stand on a solid ground or if the ground condition is not
stable, sound materials such as metal plate or wood plank shall be placed
underneath.
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). #


F2. Identification mark. #
F3. Safe working load (SWL). #
F4. Hook height limit switch. #
F5. Alarm and flashing lights. #
139

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Plant and Equipment


F6. Both side mirrors.
F7. Warning flash light (Green, Yellow and Red).
F8. Mega phone.
F9. Audio sensors.
F10. Safety catch for hooks. #
F11. Built-in steps for climbing up to / down from the cabin.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Automatic safe load indicator

Photo 1. Operator cabin


1

1. (R4) Operator cabin with unobstructed window

1. (R5 & F1) ALSI

Photo 3. Hook height limit switch

Photo 4. Alarm and flashing lights


2
1

1. (R7 & F4) Hook height limit switch

1. (R8 & F5) Alarm and flashing lights


2. (R9) Warning sign for slewing

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Plant and Equipment


Photo 5. Safety devices
1

Photo 6. Mega phone


2

1. (R8 & F6) Both side mirrors

1. (R8 & F8) Mega phone

2. (R8 & F7) Warning flash light


Photo 8. Safety catch

Photo 7. Audio sensor

1
1

1. (R8 & F9) Audio sensor

1. (F10) Safety catch

Photo 9. Built-in steps

1. (F11) Built-in steps

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

WHEELED TELESCOPIC MOBILE CRANE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Wheeled crane shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner
after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Wheeled crane shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R5. Wheeled crane shall be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). This does
not apply to a crane with a maximum safe working load of 1 tonne or less. #
R6. Wheeled crane shall be marked with identification and the safe working load (SWL),
in English and Chinese. #
R7. Wheeled crane shall be equipped with a built-in hook height limit switch which
operate automatically to prevent damage to the machine should the operator make
an error. #
R8. Alarm and flashing lights, both side mirrors and warning flash light shall be provided.
R9. The work area of crane shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. Warning signs, in
English and Chinese, shall be displayed at the back of crane. #
R10. The outriggers shall be fully extended if available and the outriggers shall be sat on a
metal plate or wood plank. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A wheeled crane shall only stand on a solid ground or if the ground condition is not
stable, sound materials such as metal plate or wood plank shall be placed
underneath.
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). #


F2. Identification mark. #
F3. Safe working load (SWL). #
F4. Hook height limit switch. #
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Plant and Equipment


F5. Alarm and flashing lights.
F6. Both side mirrors.
F7. Audio sensors.
F8. Safety catch for hooks.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Operator cabin

Photo 2. Outrigger

1
2
1

1. (R4) Operator cabin with unobstructed view


2. (R8 & F6) Both side mirrors

1. (R10) Outrigger fully extended and sat on wooden


plank

Photo 3. Automatic safe load indicator

Photo 4. Safe working load

1. (R5 & F1) ASLI

1. (R6 & F3) Safe working load

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Photo 5. Hook height limit switch

Photo 6. Alarm and flashing light


2

1
1

1. (R7 & F4) Hook height limit switch

1. (R8 & F5) Alarm and flashing light


2. (R9) Warning sign for slewing

Photo 7. Safety catch

1. (F8) Safety catch

144
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

TRUCK-MOUNTED CRANE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Truck-mounted crane shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent
examiner after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Truck-mounted crane shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with
Form 1 filled up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R5. Truck-mounted crane shall be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (ASLI).
This does not apply to a crane with a maximum safe working load of 1 tonne or less.
#
R6. Truck-mounted crane shall be marked with identification and the safe working load
(SWL), in English and Chinese. #
R7. Alarm and flashing lights and both side mirrors shall be provided.
R8. The work area of crane shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R9. The outriggers shall be fully extended if available and the outriggers shall be sat on a
metal plate or wood plank. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A truck-mounted crane shall only stand on a solid ground or if the ground condition is
not stable, sound materials such as metal plate or wood plank shall be placed
underneath.
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). #


F2. Identification mark. #
F3. Safe working load (SWL). #
F4. Alarm and flashing lights.
F5. Both side mirrors.
F6. Safety catch for hooks. #

145
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Automatic safe load indicator

Photo 1. Outrigger

1. (R5 & F1) ASLI


1. (R9) Outrigger fully extended and sat on wooden
plank
Photo 3. Safety catch

1. (F6) Safety catch

146
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

GANTRY CRANE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Gantry crane shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner
after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Gantry crane shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. Gantry crane shall be fitted with an automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). This does
not apply to a crane with a maximum safe working load of 1 tonne or less. #
R5. Gantry crane shall be marked with identification and the safe working load (SWL), in
English and Chinese. #
R6. Gantry crane shall be equipped with a built-in hook height limit switch which operate
automatically to prevent damage to the machine should the operator make an error.
#
R7. The work area of crane shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high

Features

: F1. Automatic safe load indicator (ASLI). #

voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

F2. Identification mark. #


F3. Safe working load (SWL). #
F4. Hook height limit switch. #
F5. Safety catch for hooks. #

147
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Safe working load

Photo 2. Hook height limit switch


1

1. (R6 & F4) Hook height limit switch


1. (R5 & F3) Safe working load

148
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

COMPACTOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, attain an on-site compactor operating
briefing and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R3. An unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between
the slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R4. An alarm and flashing light and both side mirrors shall be provided.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A compactor shall stand on a solid ground.

Features

: F1. Both side mirrors.


F2. Alarm and flashing light.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Safety devices


1
3
2

1. (R2) Operator cabin


2. (R4 & F1) Both side mirrors
3. (R4 & F2) Alarm and flashing light

149
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

HYDRAULIC CRAWLER DRILL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Hydraulic crawler drill shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent
examiner after erection or every 12 months with Form 4 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Hydraulic crawler drill shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with
Form 1 filled up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R5. Hydraulic crawler drill shall be marked with identification and the safe working load
(SWL), in English and Chinese. #
R6. Both side mirrors shall be provided.
R7. Independent lifeline shall be provided along the cat ladder at the side of the frame
mast. #
R8. Impervious cover shall be provided at the drilling head.
R9. The work area of drill shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R10. The outriggers shall be fully extended if available and the outriggers shall be sat on a
metal plate or wood plank.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A crawler drill shall only stand on a solid ground or if the ground condition is not
stable, sound materials such as metal plate or wood plank shall be placed
underneath.
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Identification mark.


F2. Safe working load (SWL).
F3. Both side mirrors.
F4. Independent lifeline.
F5. Impervious cover.
F6. Built-in steps for climbing up to / down from the cabin.

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

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Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Operator cabin

Photo 2. Outriggers
1

2
1

1. (R4) Operator cabin


2. (R7 & F3) Both side mirrors

1. (R10) Outriggers fully extended if available

Photo 3. Independent lifeline for cat ladder

Photo 4. Impervious cover at drilling head


1

1. (R7 & F4) Independent lifeline

1. (R8 & F5) Impervious cover

Photo 5. Built-in steps


1

1. (F6) Built-in steps

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BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

DESANDER

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. Only designated person with adequate training and experience shall be allowed to
operate the desander.
(# - Statutory)
R2. All edges shall be properly guarded to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to the
requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R3. Access ladders shall be provided. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Beware of water and sand spills out from the tank.

Features

: F1. Guardrails and toe-boards. #


F2. Access ladders. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Desander
1

1. (R2 & F1) Guardrails and toe-boards


2. (R3 & F2) Access ladder

152
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

HYDROMILL

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears (4.1)
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safe Use of Mobile Cranes

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Hydromill shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner after
erection or every 12 months with Form 4 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Hydromill shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1 filled
up. #
R4. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view. #
R5. Alarm and flashing lights and both side mirrors shall be provided.
R6. Independent lifeline shall be provided along the cat ladder at the side of the frame
mast. #
R7. The work area of hydromill shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R8. All edges shall be properly guarded to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to the
requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A hydromill shall only stand on a solid ground or if the ground condition is not stable,
sound materials such as metal plate or wood plank shall be placed underneath.
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Alarm and flashing lights.


F2. Both side mirrors.
F3. Independent lifeline.
F4. Guardrails and toe-boards.
F5. Built-in steps for climbing up to / down from the cabin.

153
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Operator cabin

Photo 2. Built-in steps


1

1. (F5) Built-in steps

1. (R4) Operator cabin


2. (R5 & F2) Both side mirrors

Photo 4. Independent lifeline for cat ladder

Photo 3. Edge protection


1

1. (R8 & F4) Guardrails and toe-boards

1. (R6 & F3) Independent lifeline

154
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CASING OSCILLATOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platform


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. An unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between
the slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R3. All edges shall be properly guarded to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to the
requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R4. Access ladder shall be provided. #
R5. The control panel shall be clearly labeled.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. If the passageway cannot be maintained at any particular place, access to place

Features

: F1. Guardrails and toe-boards. #

shall be prevented when the oscillator is in use.

F2. Access ladder. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Casing oscillator


1

1. (R3 & F1) Guardrails


2. (R4 & F2) Access ladder

155
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CASING ROTATOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platform


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. An unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between
the slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R3. All edges shall be properly guarded to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to the
requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R4. Access ladder shall be provided. #
R5. The control panel shall be clearly labeled.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. If the passageway cannot be maintained at any particular place, access to place

Features

: F1. Guardrails and toe-boards. #

shall be prevented when the Rotator is in use.

F2. Access ladder. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Casing rotator

1. (R3 & F1) Guardrails and toe-boards


2. (R4 & F2) Access ladder

156
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CASING VIBRATOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platform


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. The lifting gear, wires and shackles being used shall be tested and thoroughly
examined by a competent examiner every six months with Form 6 & 7 filled up. #
R3. The control panel shall be clearly labeled.
R4. Noise restrict zone shall be demarcated. Workers entering that noise restrict zone
shall wear proper ear protector. #
R5. The vibrator shall be lifted by shackles and wires using the indicated lifting points. #
R6. No persons shall be worked underneath the vibrator whenever it is in use.
R7. Working platform shall be provided when maintenance required. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high

Features

: F1. Noise restrict zone. #

voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

F2. Indicated lifting points. #


F3. Maintenance working platform. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Indicated lifting point

Photo 1. Lifting gear


1

1. (R2) Lifting gear, shackles and wires

1. (R5 & F2) Indicated lifting point

157
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

HYDRAULIC HAMMER

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platform


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. The lifting gear, man cage, wires and shackles being used shall be tested and
thoroughly examined by a competent examiner every six months with Form 6 & 7
filled up. #
R3. Noise restrict zone shall be demarcated. Workers entering that noise restrict zone
shall wear proper ear protector. #
R4. No persons shall be worked underneath the hammer whenever it is in use.
R5. Lifting man cage shall be provided when maintenance required. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Underground utilities shall be marked. Refer to the requirements of Excavation and
Electricity of this Book of Safety Standards. #
S2. A minimum distance of 3m from any power lines shall be kept and in the case of high
voltage lines, the proper safe distance (i.e. 9m from overhead line) shall be kept.

Features

: F1. Noise restrict zone. #


F2. Lifting man cage. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Hydraulic hammer

158
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

REVERSE CIRCULATION DRILL (RCD) RIG

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platform


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. A suitable cabin shall be provided to protect the operator from the weather and give
him a clear and unrestrained view.
R3. An unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between
the slewing or other moving parts of the plant and any fixed fixtures. #
R4. All compressor air hose shall be properly secured with clamp. #
R5. All edges shall be properly guarded to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to the
requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R6. Independent lifeline shall be provided along the cat ladder at the side of the frame
mast. #
R7. All moving parts shall be properly guarded. #
R8. The control panel shall be clearly labeled.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. RCD shall be set and adjusted to a stable and leveled position.
S2. Underground utilities shall be marked. Refer to the requirements of Excavation and
Electricity of this Book of Safety Standards. #

Features

: F1. Air hose being secured with clamp. #


F2. Guardrails and toe-boards. #
F3. Independent lifeline. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Independent lifeline along the cat ladder

Photo 1. Operator cabin


1

1. (R2) Operator cabin with unobstructed view

1. (R6 & F3) Independent lifeline

2. (R5 & F2) Guardrails and toe-boards


159
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CONCRETE PUMP

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Guarding and Operation of Machinery) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The hydraulic pump and system shall be checked to ensure they are in good
condition.
(# - Statutory)
R2. The outriggers shall be fully extended. #
R3. The hopper shall be properly guarded. #
R4. All delivery lines, couplings and hoses shall be secured on the fixture.
R5. The connection points of the concrete placing boom, delivery lines and hoses shall
be properly secured with safety catching device. #
R6. Nobody is allowed to stay within the reach of the end hose, stand or sit on the
concrete placing boom or deliver lines.
R7. Work shall be stopped immediately and maintenance team shall be informed if any
blockage caused.
R8. Maintenance flaps shall be closed while the pumping is in progress.
R9. All workers shall wear ear protectors while the pumping is in progress. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. The concrete pump shall be set on level ground with its wheels firmly locked and
chocked.
S2. Placing boom shall not be transported in extended state.

Features

: F1. Hopper being guarded. #


F2. Safety catching device for connection points. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Safety catching device

Photo 1. Hopper
1

1. (R3 & F1) The hopper is properly guarded

1. (R5 & F2) safety catching device at connection

160
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

WORK BARGE

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-09: Work over / near Water


Shipping and Port Control Ordinance
Shipping and Port Control (Cargo Handling) Regulations

Requirements : R1. All staff working on the barge shall undergone mandatory Basic Safety Training
(Marine).
(# - Statutory)
R2. Barge license shall be kept on board at any time. #
R3. Perimeter guardrails shall be erected as far as possible, otherwise, adequate
lifebuoys with 30m lifeline attached shall be provided and workers shall wear
lifejackets. #
R4. Walkway shall be kept tidy.
R5. Adequate fire extinguishers and first aid facilities shall be provided on board. #
R6. All mooring ropes and bollards shall be inspected regularly and kept in good
condition. #
R7. All power driven mechanical parts shall be properly guarded. #
R8. The control panel shall be clearly labeled.
R9. Barge with lifting appliances shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a
competent examiner after erection, alteration or every 12 months with Form 1 filled
up. #
R10. Barge with lifting appliances shall be inspected by a competent person every 3
months and fill the inspection report on logbook. #
R11. Openings or edge shall be properly guarded to prevent falls of person and object.
Refer to the requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R12. Adequate lighting shall be provided. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Nobody is allowed to stand adjacent to mooring ropes.


S2. Fire prevention on board shall be referred to the requirements of Fire Prevention of
this Book of Safety Standards.

Features

: F1. Barge license. #


F2. Perimeter guardrails. #
F3. Lifebuoys with 30m lifeline. #
F4. Lifejacket. #
F5. Fire extinguishers. #
F6. First aid facilities. #

161
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Safety measures

Photo 2. Walkway
1
2

2
1. (R3 & F2) Perimeter guardrails

1. (R4) Tidy walkway

2. (R7) Guarding for moving parts

2. (R3 & F4) Lifejacket

Photo 3. Mooring rope

Photo 4. Opening

1. (S1) Nobody is allowed to stand adjacent to

1. (R11) Openings are guarded

mooring ropes

162
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

FORMWORK HOIST

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-04: Working at Height


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, undergone the relevant safety training
and be competent.
(# - Statutory)
R2. Formwork hoist shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner
after erection or every 12 months with Form 2, 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Formwork hoist shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. The hoist shall be fitted with an effective driving machine brake. #
R5. All moving parts shall be properly guarded. #
R6. All edges shall be properly fenced off to prevent fall of person and object. Refer to
the requirements of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R7. The safe working load shall be marked clearly on the platform of cage. #
R8. If access to and egress from the hoist is required, interlock guards or similar device
shall be provided to gates which shall be kept closed except when loading and
unloading. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. No persons shall work underneath the formwork hoist whenever it is in use.

Features

: F1. Safe working load. #


F2. Interlock guards. #
F3. Driving brake. #
F4. Guardrails and toe-boards. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Interlock guard

Photo 1. Edge protection

1
1

1. (R6 & F4) Guardrails and toe-boards

1. (R8 & F2) Interlock guard for gates

163
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

GENERATOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-13: Electricity


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Electricity) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The generator shall be connected, checked and maintained only by a Registered
Electrician. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Only designated person with adequate training and experience shall be allowed to
operate the generator.
R3. Earthing shall be provided. #
R4. Drip tray shall be provided underneath the generator.
R5. The fuel oil supplies shall be properly stored in a dangerous goods store. The
storage shall be maintained under the permissible exempted quantity (2500 Litres for
diesel) as far as practicable. Refer to the requirements of Fire Prevention of this
Book of Safety Standards. #
R6. Generator shall be turned off before refueling.
R7. Maintenance flap shall be closed at any time while operating.
R8. At least one powder type fire extinguisher shall be provided near the generator. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. All wiring shall be insulated and where there is the possibility of physical damage, the
wiring shall be further protected either by metal conduits or armoring.
S2. The radiator shall not be opened before the generator is completely cool down.

Features

: F1. Earthing. #
F2. Drip tray.
F3. Powder type fire extinguisher. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Generator

Photo 2. Generator
1

2
2

1. (R3 & F1) Earthing

1. (R8 & F3) Fire extinguisher

2. (R4 & F2) Drip tray

2. (R4 & F2) Drip tray

164
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

AIR COMPRESSORS AND AIR RECEIVERS

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Boilers and Pressure Vessels Ordinance
Noise Control (Air Compressors) Regulations
Construction Site Safety Handbook
A Guide to the Construction, Installation, Operation and Maintenance of Air Receivers

Requirements : R1. Air compressor, air receiver, pressure vessel or boiler shall be registered with a valid
Form 2 Certificate of Fitness for a Pressure Vessel as stipulated in the Boilers and
(# - Statutory)
Pressure Vessels Ordinance. #
R2. No air receiver shall be operated without a valid certificate, unless exemption has
been obtained from the Labour Department. #
R3. The air compressor shall be set on level ground with its wheels firmly locked and
chocked.
R4. No inspection or repair shall be carried out when the air compressor or air receiver is
in operation.
R5. Before changing tools, the supply air line shall be closed unless the compressor has
an automatic shut-off valve.
R6. A noise emission label shall be provided for any air compressor capable of supplying
compressed air at 500 kPa pressure or above. #
R7. All air hose connections shall be secured by wire net.
R8. Hose shall be kept clear of traffic to avoid damage.
R9. Ear protectors shall be used against excessive noise exposure if required during the
operation of a compressor. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. When there is any damage or failure of the air compressor or air receiver, stop
operation and report it to the supervisor or the responsible.
S2. Adequate warning notices/signs shall be provided. #
S3. Good ventilation shall be provided when using air compressor in-door. #
S4. The pressure relief and safety valves shall be inspected in regular intervals.

Features

: F1. Form 2 certificate of fitness for pressure vessels. #


F2. Wheels firmly locked and chocked. #
F3. Noise emission label. #
F4. Wire net.
F5. Automatic shut-off value. #

165
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Air compressor

Photo 2. Noise emission label


1

1
3

1. (R6 & F3) Noise emission label

1. (R1 & F1) Form 2


2. (R3 & F2) Wheels firmly locked and chocked
3. (R6 & F3) Noise emission label
Photo 3. Hose connection

1. (R7 & F4) Being secured by wire net

166
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

WOODWORKING MACHINES

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Woodworking Machinery) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Noise at Work) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 16 years old or above, and fully trained. #
R2. The floor surrounding a woodworking machine shall be maintained in good condition
(# - Statutory)
and free from chips and other loose material and shall not be allowed to become
slippery. #
R3. An efficient stopping and starting appliance shall be provided and easily accessed. #
R4. The saw blade, guards and riving knife shall be provided and properly set. #
R5. A push stick or push block shall be used when feeding the work piece to the saw. #
R6. The top of a circular saw shall be covered by a strong and easily adjustable crown
guard with a flange at the side of the saw furthers from the fence. #
R7. An emergency stopping and starting appliance shall be provided. #
R8. Adequate lighting shall be provided. #
R9. When guards are removed to facilitate the checking or maintenance of the machine,
that machine shall be isolated so that it cannot be operated with the guard removed.
#
R10. A noise assessment shall be conducted for the machine. If the noise level exceeds
the first-action level, a noisy zone shall be demarcated and ear protectors shall be
provided to the operators. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. No smoking/no naked fire warning signs shall be displayed at prominent places. #

Features

: F1. Push stick or push block. #

S2. Cotton gloves shall not be used during the operation of a woodworking machine.

F2. Crown guard with a flange at the side of the saw furthers from the fence. #
F3. Effective guarding. #
F4. Emergency stopping and starting appliance. #
F5. Fire extinguishers.

167
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Woodworking machine

Photo 2. Woodworking machine


6

3
4

1. (R2) Floor condition


2

2. (R6 & F2) Crown guard


3. (R7 & F4) Emergency stop
4. (R10) Noise assessment report

1. (R4) Riving knife


2. (R5 & F1) Push stick
3. (R6 & F2) Crow guard
4. (R7 & F4) Emergency stop
5. (F5) Fire extinguishers
6. (S1) No smoking/no naked fire warning sign

168
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

BUILDERS LIFT

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears


Builders Lifts and Tower Working Platforms (Safety) Ordinance
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Code of Practice on the Design and Construction of Builders Lift

Requirements : R1. All lift works shall be carried out by a registered contractor. #
R2. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
(# - Statutory)
competent. #
R3. Builders lift shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner after
erection or every 6 months with Form 14, 15 & 16 filled up. #
R4. Builders lift shall be maintained, inspected, cleaned, oiled and adjusted by a
registered contractor at least every 7 days with Form 7 filled up. #
R5. The most recent certificate of test and examination shall be prominently displayed
inside the lift cage or on the platform. #
R6. Builders lift shall be checked and inspected by a competent operator daily for its
function before commencement of operation. The checks shall at least include the
tyre pressure, hydraulic oil level, operation on the controls, hydraulic oil leakage, hose
and connections, chassis mountings and linkages. #
R7. The number of passengers in the lift cage shall not exceed the maximum number
permitted. #
R8. No safety devices shall be interfered while operating the builder's lift. #
R9. Proper operating procedures laid down by the manufacturer shall be followed while
operating the builder's lift. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. The design and construction of builders lift shall be complied with the Code of
Practice on the Builders Lift and the following requirements: a. A builders lift shall be of good design and construction, adequate mechanical
strength, and properly installed and anchored. #
b. A builders lift shall be provided by a cage which is constructed such that persons
shall not fall out of the cage or be trapped between any fixed structure or moving
parts of the lift or be struck by articles or materials falling down the lift. #
c. The cage shall be fitted with a gate which has efficient interlocking to prevent the
cage from being opened unless the cage is at a landing place and to prevent the
cage from moved away from the landing place until the gate is closed. #
d. The landing place in a lift enclosure shall be fitted with a gate which is fitted with
efficient interlocking or similar device. #
e. The lift cage shall be fitted with efficient automatic devices to cause the cage to
169

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


come to rest at a point above the lowest point to which it is able to travel. #
f.

The lift cage shall be fitted with an overload sensing device to cause the cage to
come to rest and sounds and audible alarm when overloaded. #

g. The lift cage shall be provided with an emergency opening either as a door in the
lift cage or as a trapdoor in the lift cage roof and a safety switch to interrupt the
control circuit and prevent the movement of the lift cage if the emergency
opening is not properly closed or locked. #
h. The lift shall be fitted with effective safety gear and over speed governor to cause
the cage to come to rest when maximum speed exceeded. #
i.

The lift shall be fitted with an effective driving machine brake. #

S2. The following markings shall be clearly shown on the builders lifts: a. The safe working load; the maximum number of persons it may carry; the
maximum wind speed exceeding which no operation shall be permitted and the
maximum gradient exceeding which no operation shall be permitted. #
b. The purpose and method of the operation of the controls.
c. The tyre pressure.
S3. The life shall not be used to lift to carry materials.

Features

: F1. Registered contractor. #


F2. Competent examiner. #
F3. Competent operator. #
F4. Interlocking device. #
F5. Emergency opening. #
F6. Safe working load. #
F7. Maximum number of persons permitted. #
F8. Maximum wind speed permitted.
F9. Maximum gradient permitted.
F10. Automatic stopping device. #
F11. Overload sensing device. #
F12. Safety gear. #
F13. Over speed governor. #

170
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Hoist gate

Photo 1. Lift cage

1
2

1. (S1) Lift cage to prevent person fall from height

1. (S1 & F4) Interlock guards fitted to all hoist gates


2. (S1, F6 & F7) Safe working load and maximum
number of persons permitted

Photo 3. Control panel


1

1. (S2) The control panel shall be clearly labeled

171
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

MATERIAL HOIST

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, fully trained and competent. #
R2. Material hoist shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner
(# - Statutory)
after erection or every 6 months with Form 2 & 3 filled up. #
R3. Material hoist shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. Material hoist shall be provided with a suitable cabin which affords its operator
adequate protection from the weather. #
R5. Material hoist shall be fitted with one or more efficient brakes, or other similar safety
devices, which will prevent a load suspended from the appliance from falling out of
control or dangerously. #
R6. The drum or pulley of a material hoist shall be of sufficient diameter and construction
for the rope used. #
R7. The hoist way of the hoist where persons are liable of being struck by a moving part
of the hoist shall be protected by a substantial enclosure. #
R8. The winch of a hoist shall be fitted with an effective driving machine brake. #
R9. Effective arrangements for signals for operating the hoist shall be made if the
operator does not have a clear and unrestricted view of the hoist's carriage, platform
or cage. #
R10. The safe working load shall be marked clearly on the platform of cage. #
R11. The list of authorized competent operators shall be displayed on operating cabin. #
R12. Loads shall be adequate secured or securely suspended or supported when being
raised or lowered. #
R13. If access to and egress from the hoist is required, interlock guards or similar device
shall be provided to gates which shall be kept closed except when loading and
unloading. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Material hoist shall not be used for carrying persons at any time. #

Features

: F1. Competent examiner. #

S2. Material hoist shall be operated only from one position at any one time.

F2. Competent person. #


F3. Competent operator. #
F4. Cabin. #
172
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


F5. Gate with interlock guards. #
F6. Safe working load. #

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Material hoist

Photo 1. Material hoist


2

1
1

1. (R13 & F5) Gate with interlock guard

1. (R13 & F5) Gate with interlock guard


2. (R7) Enclosure hoist way

173
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

SCISSOR LIFT (MOBILE ELEVATED WORKING PLATFORM)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be over 18 year, fully trained and competent. #
R2. Mobile elevated working platform shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a
(# - Statutory)
competent examiner after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Mobile elevated working platform shall be inspected by a competent person every 7
days with Form 1 filled up. #
R4. Mobile elevated working platform shall be provided with top guardrail of
900-1150mm height, intermediate guardrail of 450-600mm height and toe-board of
200mm height. Refer to the requirement of Working at Height of this Book of Safety
Standards. #
R5. Visible and audible alarms shall be provided when mobile elevated working platform
is in operation. #
R6. The list of the approved operators shall be displayed in the mobile elevated working
platform for inspection.
R7. Visual inspection of scissor lift and surrounding area shall be conducted to ensure
both are clear of other personnel and obstructions (including overhead obstructions).
R8. Mobile elevated working platform shall be proper switched off with keys removed
when not in use.
R9. Safety harness with double lanyard system shall be attached to the basket of mobile
elevated working platform.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Do not climb up or down extendible, articulating or scissor arms.


S2. Guardrails shall not be used to carry materials unless they are designed for this
purpose.
S3. Excessive overhang of materials shall be avoided when elevating the platform.
S4. If working near the edge of floor opening, a step wedge shall be use to prevent the
movement of mobile elevated working platform.
S5. In case A/C power cable is connected with a mobile elevated working platform, the
power cable shall be properly located.

Features

: F1. Guardrails and toe-board. #


F2. Visible and audible alarms. #
F3. Double lanyard system.
F4. Fire extinguisher.
174

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Mobile elevated working platform

Photo 2. Mobile elevated working platform

2
1
1

1. (R7) Visual inspection

1. (R2 & R3) Form 3, 5 & 1

2. (R9) Safety Hardness

2. (R6) Lift of approved operators

175
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CHERRY PICKERS (AERIAL WORKING PLATFORMS)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliance and Lifting Gears) Regulations
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 year old or above, fully trained and competent. #
R2. Aerial working platform shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent
(# - Statutory)
examiner after erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Aerial working platform shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with
Form 1 filled up. #
R4. Aerial working platform shall be provided with top guardrail of 900-1150mm height,
intermediate guardrail of 450-600mm height and toe-board of 200mm height. Refer
to the requirement of Working at Height of this Book of Safety Standards. #
R5. Visible and audible alarms shall be provided and function normally when cherry
pickers are in operation. #
R6. Proper access and egress shall be provided. #
R7. The cherry pickers shall be used on level ground and its tyres shall be with correct
tyre pressure.
R8. The load capacities specified by the manufacturer shall not be exceeded.
R9. The work area shall be fenced off to prevent other parties enter into the working
area.
R10. The boom shall be loaded down before moving/leaving the cherry picker.
R11. The key shall not left in an unattended cherry picker.
R12. The parking break shall be set before leaving the machine.
R13. Personal protective equipment and communication facilities shall be provided to
banksman and any person assisting in the operations.

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Check any obstruction, especially overhead cable or other facilities before raise up
the boom.
S2. The cherry picker shall not be operated at boom lengths and boom radius which are
not listed on the chart. Under extreme conditions, the machine may overturn even
without a load on the hook.

Features

: F1. Visual and audio alarms. #


F2. Proper access and egress. #
F3. Barrier.
F4. Guardrail and toe-board. #
F5. Fire extinguisher.
176

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Move the cherry pickers

Photo 2. Work area


1

2
1
2
1. (R10) Load down the boom before moving the
cherry picker
2. (R13) Personal protective equipment
1. (R9) The work area is fenced off
2. (R7) Level ground
Photo 3. PPE

Photo 4. Parking
1
1

1. (R13) Safety harness


2. (R4) Guardrails and toe-board

1. (R10) The boom is loaded down


2. (R12) Set the parking brake

177
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

GONDOLA (SUSPENDED WORKING PLATFORM)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-05: Scaffolds and Working Platforms


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Suspended Working Platforms) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice for Safety Use and Operation of Suspended Working Platforms

Requirements : R1. The gondola operator shall be 18 years old or above and hold a valid certificate. #
R2. A gondola shall be thoroughly examined by a competent examiner at every 6 months
(# - Statutory)
with Form 2 filled up and load tested at every 12 months with Form 3 filled up. #
R3. A gondola shall be inspected by a competent person at every 7 days with Form 1
filled up. #
R4. A gondola shall be adequately and securely anchored supported. The supports shall
be of good construction and adequate strength. #
R5. Two independent and efficient braking systems shall be installed in the
power-operated winches to climbers to prevent the suspended working platform from
falling out of control. #
R6. The platform of a suspended working platform shall be: a. At least 440 mm wide and with sufficient length; #
b. With toe boards at least 200mm high on all sides; #
c. With guard-rails of adequate strength and the top guard-rail of 900mm to
1150mm and the lowest guard-rail of not more than 700mm from the toe-board. #
d. Provided with sufficient safe means of access and egress; #
e. Clearly and legible marked with the safe working load; maximum number of
persons allowed; appropriate mark to distinguish it from other similar platform;
and warning notice to remind operator to wear safety harnesses. #
R7. Effective means of communication (e.g. walkie-talkies) shall be provided between
those persons on the gondola and those on the ground. #
R8. Gondolas shall not be use in windy and adverse weather.
R9. A safety harness and an independent lifeline shall be provided to each person using
a gondola. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. A gondola shall be properly designed, installed or assembled, and maintained. #


S2. Overloading or exceeding the number of persons permitted are forbidden. #
S3. The gondola shall be operated in such a way that it is close to the building faade.

Features

: F1. Outrigger.
F2. Anchorage. #
178

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


F3. Automatic safety device. #
F4. Safety ropes. #
F5. Guardrails and toe-board. #
F6. Safety harness #
F7. Independent lifeline. #
F8. Fire extinguisher.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Anchorages and fixings

Photo 1. Gondola

(S1) Proper design and installation

1. (R4) Anchorages and fixings.

Photo 3. Gondola

Photo 4. Gondola
1
1
2

1. (F3 & F4) Safety rope and safety device


2. (R7 & F5) Guardrail and toe-board

1. (R9, F6 & F7) Safety harnesses with the lanyards


securely attached to independent lifelines
2. (R6) Safe working load and maximum number of
persons

179
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

CUTTING / GRINDING WHEELS (ABRASIVE WHEELS)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Abrasive Wheel) Regulations

Requirements : R1. All abrasive wheels shall be properly mounted by competent persons who have been
appointed in writing by the employer. They shall be well trained and have the
(# - Statutory)
practical experience for the mounting job. #
R2. Every wheel shall be clearly marked, in English or Chinese, with the maximum
permissible speed in revolutions per minute specified by the manufacturer of that
wheel. #
R3. No abrasive wheel shall be operated at a speed in excess of the maximum
permissible speed. #
R4. No spindle shall be operated at a speed in excess of the lesser of the maximum
working speed of that spindle and, while an abrasive wheel is mounted on it, the
maximum permissible speed of the wheel. #
R5. A guard shall be provided and kept in position at every abrasive wheel in motion.
Suitable protection flanges shall be mounted if necessary. #
R6. An efficient device for starting and cutting off the power shall be provided to the
machine where abrasive wheels are used. #
R7. Where at an abrasive wheel there is a rest for supporting a workpiece, that rest shall
at all times while the wheel is in motion be properly secured and adjusted so as to be
as close as practicable to the exposed part of the abrasive wheel. Every rest shall be
of substantial construction and properly maintained. #
R8. A warning notice, in English and Chinese and in a approved, concerning the dangers
arising from the use of abrasive wheels and the precautions to be observed shall be
affixed. #
R9. The floor immediately surrounding every fixed machine on which an abrasive wheel
is mounted shall be maintained in good and even condition and shall be kept clear of
loose material and prevented from becoming slippery. E
R10. Persons carrying out dry grinding operations and truing or dressing an abrasive
wheel shall wear eye protectors or appropriated PPE and protected by suitable
transparent screens to intercept flying particles. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Only trained persons shall be allowed to use cutting / grinding wheels. #
S2. No employee shall misuse or remove any guard, protection flange, machine control,
governor or other device provided. #
S3. Abrasive wheel shall be suitable for the work for which it is used to the extent
necessary.
180

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


S4. Abrasive wheels shall be properly maintained and stored.
S5. A new or replacement abrasive wheel shall be run at least 1 minute before use.
S6. All grinding or cutting tool shall be registered and with a label for identification before
use.

Features

: F1. Maximum permissible speed of wheel. #


F2. Maximum working speed of spindle. #
F3. Competent person for mounting the wheel. #
F4. Guard. #
F5. Protection flange. #
F6. Warning notice. #
F7. Rest for abrasive wheels. #
F8. Fire extinguisher.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Abrasive wheel

Photo 2. Abrasive wheel


1
1

4
2
3

1. (R8 & F6) Warning notice in English and Chinese

1. (S6) Identification label

2. (R5 & F4) Guard

2. (R5 & F4) Guard

3. (R6) Starting and cutting device


4. (R10) PPE

181
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Photo 3. Maximum permissible speed

Photo 4. Proper mounting

1. (R2) Maximum permissible speed

(R1) Proper mounting by a competent person


Photo 6. PPE

Photo 5. Warning notice


1

1. (R8 & F6) Warning notice in English and Chinese

1. (R10) Eye protector


2. (R5 & F4) Guard

182
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

DUMPER AND TRUCK (INCLUDING DUMP TRUCK)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulations
Construction Site Safety Handbook
Road Traffic Ordinance

Requirements : R1. The driver of loadshifting machine shall be 18 years old or above and hold a valid
certificate. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. The driver of truck shall have a valid driver license for the specific truck. #
R3. The dumper and truck shall not be overloaded or over speeded. #
R4. Mirrors, reverse alarm and warning alarm shall be provided. #
R5. Temporary fencing and warnings at edges of embankments, excavations and pits
shall be provided. Safety measures for dumping pits such as stop logs to rear wheels
of dumpers shall be provided. #
R6. The tipping bodies shall be lowered and the engine shall be switched off in an
unattended vehicle or machine. The machine shall be parked on level ground, in
neutral with the parking brake applied.
R7. Where required, bandsmen shall be designated for assisting in the dumping
operations. They shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and
safety boots, refer to the requirement of PPE in this Book of Safety Standards) and
communication means.
R8. The dumper and truck driver shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective
vest and safety boots) when getting off the driver cabin on site. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Be aware of the overhead power lines and cables.


S2. The machine shall be provided with periodic servicing according to the
manufacturers requirements. #
S3. Any loose parts, damage or oil strain shall be reported to the site supervisor who will
then arrange repair.
S4. No passenger shall be carried on a dumper except the driver. #

Features

: F1. Competent driver. #


F2. Mirrors. #
F3. Reverse alarm. #
F4. Warning alarm. #
F5. Front lighting. #
F6. Fire extinguisher.
183

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Do not overload

Photo 1. Dumping

1
1

2
1. (R3) The truck shall not be overloaded

1. (R7) Designated bandsman with PPE


2. (R5) Stop logs to rear wheels

184
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

EXCAVATOR

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-19: Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gears
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Lifting Appliances and Lifting Gear) Regulations
Code of Practice on Safety Use of Excavators

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Excavator shall be tested and thoroughly examined by a competent examiner after
erection or every 12 months with Form 3 & 5 filled up. #
R3. Excavator shall be inspected by a competent person every 7 days with Form 1 filled
up. #
R4. Excavator shall be provided with seat belts and a falling object protective structure
(FOPS), roll over protective structure (ROPS) or tip over protective structure (TOPS).
#
R5. A permit-to-dig shall be obtained before commencing works. #
R6. Mirrors, warning flashlight, mega phone, audio sensors, and protection bars with
flexible hinges, shall be provided. #
R7. The work area of excavator shall be fenced off on all sides as far as practicable. An
unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm shall be maintained between the
slewing or other moving parts of the excavator and any fixed fixtures. Warning signs,
in English and Chinese, shall be displayed at the back of excavator #
R8. Excavator shall be rested on firm ground during operation and parking.
R9. Excavator shall be parked with parking brake firmly applied and blocking wedges
used where appropriate. The bucket or other type of working tools shall be lowered
to ground surface.
R10. Bandsmen shall be designated when reversing or in case the operator's view is
restricted. They shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and safety
boots, refer to the requirement of PPE in this Book of Safety Standards) and
communication means. #
R11. The operator shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and safety
boots) when getting off the driver cabin on site. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Refer to the requirement of Excavation and Electricity of this Book of Safety
Standards for the precautions of underground utilities and overhead cables.
S2. Excavator shall be chosen considering its capacity, intended purposes and site
185

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


conditions.
S3. Unauthorised movement or use of the excavators shall be prevented at all times.
S4. Excavators shall be regularly maintained with records kept on site. #
S5. Operation and maintenance manuals, manufacturer s specifications, inspection and
maintenance log books shall be provided where required. #
S6. It should avoid operating the machine too close to an overhang, deep ditch or hole
and be alert to potential carving edges, falling rocks and slides, rough terrain and
obstacles.

Features

: F1. FOPS, ROPS or TOPS. #


F2. Mirrors. #
F3. Warning flashlight. #
F4. Audio sensors. #
F5. Protection bars with flexible hinges. #
F6. Fence. #
F7. Unobstructed passageway of not less than 600 mm #
F8. Warning notice of slewing motion. #
F9. Permit-to-dig.
F10. Fire extinguisher.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Inspection

Photo 2. Cabin

2
1

1. (R3) Form 1 at every 7 days by a competent


person

1. (R4) Suitable cabin


2. (R6 & F2) Mirrors

186
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Photo 3. Audio sensor

Photo 4. Warning flash light


1

2
1

1. (R6 & F4) Audio sensor in the driver cabin


2. (R6 & F4) Audio sensor at the back

1. (R6 & F3) Warning flash light

Photo 5. Passageway

Photo 6. Warning sign


1

1. (R7 & F7) Passageway of 600 mm wide

1. (R7 & F8) Warning sign in English and Chinese

Photo 7. Fence on all sides

Photo 8. Parking

1
1
2

1. (R7& F6) Work area is fenced off on all sides

1. (R9) The bucket is lowered to ground


2. (R8) Parking on level and firm ground

187
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

FORKLIFT TRUCK

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulations
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations
Construction Site Safety Handbook

Requirements : R1. The driver shall be 18 years old or above and hold a valid certificate applicable to
forklift truck. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. The forklift shall not be overloaded or over speeded.
R3. Forklift shall not be used to carry passengers or to act as a working platform.
R4. Flashlight, horn, mirrors and brake lamp shall be provided. #
R5. The tyres of forklift shall be at correct pressure.
R6. The forks shall be maintained correctly spaced to afford maximum support.
R7. The load travels shall be maintained at the lowest possible level with the mast raked
back.
R8. Bandsmen shall be designated if the operators view is restricted. They shall be
provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and safety boots, refer to the
requirement of PPE in this Book of Safety Standards) and communication means.
R9. The driver shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and safety
boots) when getting off the driver cabin on site. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. The pallet shall be suitable for the intended use and be inspected before use.
S2. Sudden stops shall be avoided.
S3. All warning alarms shall function normal during operation.

Features

: F1. Competent operator. #


F2. Flashlight. #
F3. Horn. #
F4. Mirrors #.
F5. Brake lamp. #
F6. Warning alarms. #
F7. Fire extinguisher.

188
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 2. Forklift operation

Photo 1. Certified operator

3
1
1

2
1. (R1) Certified personnel

1. (R2) Never exceed the rated capacity


2. (R7) Load travels at the lowest possible level with
the mast raked back
3. (R9) PPE

189
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

LOADER (INCLUDING BOBCAT)

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-18: Use of Plant, Equipment and Machines


Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Loadshifting Machinery) Regulations
Construction Sites (Safety) Regulations

Requirements : R1. The operator shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate and be
competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. Loader shall be provided with seat belts, a suitable cabin with a clear and
unrestrained view, and a falling-object protective structure (FOPS). #
R3. Mirrors, and visible and audible alarms shall be provided. #
R4. Loader shall not be overloaded or over speeded.
R5. Loader shall not travel with a raised load. #
R6. Loader shall be parked on level ground with parking brake firmly applied, the engine
shut off and the bucket lowered.
R7. The operator shall be provided with PPE (safety helmet, reflective vest and safety
boots) when getting off the driver cabin on site. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. The loader shall be regularly inspected and maintained with records kept on site. #
S2. No passenger shall be carried on a loader except the driver.
S3. Works or travel on slopes with steep or unstable surfaces shall be avoided.
S4. Limbs shall not protrude into traffic routes when working near roads.

Features

: F1. Seat belt. #


F2. FOPS. #
F3. Mirrors. #
F4. Visible and audible alarms. #
F5. Fire extinguisher.

190
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. FOPS

Photo 2. Visible and audible alarm


2
1
1

1. (R4) Do not overload

1. (R3 & F4) Visible and audible alarm

2. (R2, F1 & F2) Seat belt and FOPS


Photo 4. Parking

Photo 3. Slope

2
1

1. (S3) Avoid works / travel on slopes

1. (R6) Level ground


2. (R6) The bucket is lowered

191
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Reference

GAS WELDING AND FLAME CUTTING

: Operational Control Procedure OCP-hsms-15: Arc Welding, Gas Welding and Flame
Cutting
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Protection of Eyes) Regulations
Factories and Industrial Undertakings (Gas Welding and Flame Cutting) Regulations
Dangerous Goods Ordinance

Requirements : R1. Gas welder and flame cutter shall be 18 years old or above, hold a valid certificate
and be competent. #
(# - Statutory)
R2. A Dangerous Goods Store shall be provided if storage quantity exceeded exemption
quantity. Refer to the requirement of Fire Protection of this Book of Safety Standards.
R3. Flash back arrestors and non-return valves shall be provided for both oxygen and
acetylene cylinders. #
R4. Cylinders shall be held in an upright position by straps, collars or chains.
R5. Cylinders shall not be knocked, dropped or rolled in handling, or otherwise subjected
to violent shocks.
R6. Cylinders shall be locked in cage or in trolley, and stored separately for acetylene
and oxygen cylinders, or empty and charged cylinders, with proper signs and label.
R7. Trolley or lifting cages shall be used for transporting cylinders.
R8. Torches shall be lit with friction lighters, stationary pilot flames or other safe sources
but not with matches.
R9. A permit-to-work certificate shall be obtained if the workplaces are of high fire risk.
R10. Proper shields shall be provided during welding and cutting works.
R11. Welders shall use suitable PPE and wear clothing that is free from grease, oil and
other flammable materials. Refer to the requirement of PPE in this Book of Safety
Standards. #

Safety
Precautions

: S1. Welding sets shall be kept clean and free from grease, oil, dust and dirt.
S2. Hose shall not be kinked or entangled, stepped on, run over or otherwise damaged.
S3. Cylinders shall not be recharged on site or warmed up.
S4. A ventilation system shall be provided if the natural air movement is not sufficient to
remove the exhaust effectively.
S5. Fire extinguisher shall be in place.

Features

: F1. Flash back arrestors. #


F2. Non-return valves. #
F3. Permit-to-work.
F4. Dangerous goods store. #
192

BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Plant and Equipment


F5. Trolley.
F6. Cylinders upright.
F7. Ventilation.
F8. Fire extinguisher.

Reference Photos

(R - Requirement; S - Safety Precaution; F - Feature;)

Photo 1. Gas welding and flame cutting

Photo 2. Storage cage


3

2
3
1

1
2
1. (R12) Use suitable PPE

1. (R4) Cylinders in an upright position.

2. (R3, F1 & F2) Flash back arrestors and non-return 2. (R6) Cylinders locked and stored separately
3. (R7) Cage for lifting purpose
valves
3. (F8) Fire extinguisher
Photo 3. Gas cylinder

Photo 4. Permit-to-work

1. (R7) Trolley for transporting cylinders


2. (R6) Appropriated signs and label on dangerous

1. (R9) Permit-to-work certificate

goods

193
BOOK OF SAFETY STANDARDS 2006

Gammon Construction Limited


28/F Devon House
Taikoo Place 979 Kings Road
PO Box 9711 GPO Hong Kong

979

9711
Tel (852) 2516 8823
Fax (852) 2516 6260

08/2006 1st Edition



(Not for sale )