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HUMG ECH 158B Separations and Unit Operations

Ahmet Palazoglu

HOMEWORK 1

June 2014

1. (10 pts) Find a manufacturing company for multi-stage centrifugal turbocompressors for

chemical or petrochemical industry applications in the US or Europe. State what specific ISO

certifications (quality and/or environment) that this company may have and provide details (do

not choose a company that does not have such certifications). Include copies of the certificates

as attachments if available. State if they also manufacture to a set of standards/codes and discuss

them. Select a specific product and provide details of its properties and performance and a

specification sheet that would be used for ordering that product.

2. (10 pts) Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) is manufactured by the dehydrogenation of 2-butanol using

a shell-and-tube reactor. Flue gases are used for heating and pass through the tubes. The flue

gases will contain traces of sulfur dioxide. The reaction products include hydrogen. The reaction

takes place in the shell at a pressure of 3 bar and temperature of 500OC. Select suitable

materials for the tubes and shell. Provide a detailed justification for your recommendations.

3. (10 pts) Water at 60 0 C is pumped from a reservoir to the top of a mountain through a 6 in

Schedule 120 pipe at an average velocity of 12 ft/s. The pipe discharges into the atmosphere at a

level 3000 ft above the level in the reservoir. The pipeline itself is 4,500 ft long. If the overall

efficiency of the pump and the motor driving it is 70% and the cost of electric energy to the

motor is 4 cents per kWh, what is the energy cost for pumping the water?

4. (10 pts) A 1-in Schedule 40 horizontal steel pipe is used to conduct chlorine gas. The gas enters

the pipe through a rounded entrance at a pressure of 6 atm (abs), a temperature of 120 0 C and a

velocity of 35 m/s.

What is the maximum possible length of the pipe?

What are the pressure and stagnation temperature of the gas at end of the pipe at

maximum length?

Assume adiabatic flow. For chlorine, γ=1.36 and MW=70.91.

5. (10 pts) Use the Met-Pro pHP series pumps catalog to select and size a pump for a water delivery system. Water is to be delivered from a storage tank to the top of a process unit with a net elevation of 10 ft. The process unit is maintained at 15 psig. The connecting line is 200 ft of 3” Schedule 40 pipe with four standard 90 0 elbows, one globe valve and two gate valves. The design flow rate is 120 GPM. Report all relevant properties of your proposed pump such as efficiency, impeller size, BHP, and others.

(DUE 6/25/14)

Reference Information

R =

1544

g

c

= 32.174

lb

m

.ft

lb .sec

f

2

= 1

lb

f

ft

lb

mole

R

= 10.73

ft

3

psi

lb

mole

R

=

kg.m

N.sec

2

=

1

g.cm

dyne.sec

2

1.987

cal

g

mole

K

=

8.314

= 9.806

kg

m

kg .sec

f

2

J

g

mole

K

= 8314

kg m

2

sec

2

kg

mole

K

kg m kg .sec f 2 J g mole K = 8314 kg m 2 sec

Unit Conversions

K-values

1 cp = 0.000672 lb m /ft/sec = 0.001 N sec/m 2

45

0 Elbow standard

0.35

1 ft 3 = 7.481 gal = 28.3 L

90

0 Elbow standard

0.75

1 ft = 0.3048 m = 12 in

Tee standard

0.4

1

lb m = 0.454 kg m

Coupling

0.04

density water (25 0 C)=62.4 lb m /ft 3

Globe valve, open

6.0

1 atm = 101.3 kPa = 14.7 lb f /in 2

Gate Valve, open

0.17

1 kPa = 1 N/m 2

Union

0.04

1 cal = 4.1868 J

Square-edged inlet

0.5

1 J = 1 N m = 1 W sec

Inward projecting pipe

1.0

R = 460+ 0 F

K = 273+ 0 C

Sudden enlargement