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Tapping & Threading

What you will learn about :


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Threading inside holes


Threading bars
Parts of a Screw Thread
Types of Screw Thread
Types of Screws
Types of Nuts
Tools for Screws
Tools for Nuts
Washers

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Tapping & Threading - Tapping


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A Tap is used to
thread a hole.
There are 3 types :
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Taper Tap
Second / Intermediate Tap
Plug Tap

These taps have


different uses.
Taps are made from
High Speed Steel.

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Tapping & Threading Types of Tap


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Taper Tap
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Second Tap
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A Taper Tap is used


to start the Tapping
process or to Tap
thin work.
A Second Tap is used
to finish Tapping of
most work.

Plug Tap
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A Plug Tap is used to


finish the Tapping of
a Blind Hole.

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Tapping & Threading Tapping Size Hole


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Before Tapping you


have to drill a
Tapping Size Hole in
your work.
Look at the side of a
Tap for some writing.
In this example it is
M6 x 1.0
Subtract the number
after the x from the
number before the x
to get the correct drill
size.

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Tapping & Threading Tapping Size Hole


Writing on Tap

Maths

Drill Size

M6 x 1.0

6-1

M5 x 0.8

5 0.8

4.2

M4 x 0.7

4 0.7

3.3

M10 x 1.5

10 1.5

8.5

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Tapping & Threading Tap Wrench


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A Tap is held in a
Tap Wrench.

Tap Wrenches
come in different
sizes to suit
different Tap sizes.

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Tapping & Threading Tapping Process


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Once you have drilled your Tapping


Size Hole and put your Tap in a Tap
Wrench it is time to do some Tapping.

Make sure the Tap is held


perpendicular to the work.

Turn in a clockwise direction putting


some pressure on the Tap Wrench.

Keep turning until almost all of the


Taps threads are in the work.

Then turn anti-clockwise to remove the


tap.

Tough materials require that you turn


the Tap anti-clockwise every couple of
turns to break the chip.
Oil can be used to help create a better
thread in tough materials.

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Tapping & Threading - Threading


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Threading or
Screwing is how
we put a thread on
a bar.

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Tapping & Threading Split Die


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A Split Die is used to


cut the thread on the
bar.
We need to use the
correct size Split Die
for the bar we want to
thread.
The number after the
M on a Split Die
should be the same as
the diameter of the
bar.

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Tapping & Threading Die Stock


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A Die Stock is
used to hold a
Split Die.
Screws in the Die
Stock allow us to
position the Split
Die properly and
adjust its
tightness.

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Tapping & Threading - Chamfering


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Before using a Split


Die we must Chamfer
the end of the bar.
This can be done
using a file.
The Chamfer allows
the Split Die to fit
onto the end of the
bar.
Sometimes you may
need to Chamfer to a
point.

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Tapping & Threading Threading Process


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Place the bar vertically in the vice.

Chamfer the end of the bar with a


file.

Place the Split Die on the end of the


bar making sure it is horizontal.

Turn the Die Stock clockwise and


apply downward pressure.

Turn the Die Stock anti-clockwise to


remove when finished.

Tough materials require that you


turn the Tap anti-clockwise every
couple of turns to break the chip.
Oil can be used to help create a
better thread in tough materials.

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Tapping & Threading Screw Thread Parts


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Crest : The highest


part of a thread.

Crest

Root

Root : The lowest


part of a thread.
Side / Flank : The
side of a thread
between the Crest and
Root.
Thread Angle : The
angle between two
sides of a thread.

Side

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Thread
Angle

Tapping & Threading Screw Thread Parts


Major Diameter
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Major Diameter :
The maximum width
of the thread. From
Crest to Crest.
Minor Diameter :
The minimum width of
the thread. From
Root to Root. This is
the size hole you drill
when Tapping.
Minor Diameter
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Tapping & Threading Types of Screw Thread


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Isometric Screw
Thread : most
common type.
Used in most
cases.

Buttress Screw
Thread : Used for
Quick Release
Vices
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Tapping & Threading Types of Screw Thread


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ACME Screw
Thread : Used on
the Leadscrews of
Lathes.

Square Screw
Thread : Used on
Screw Jacks and
Vices

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Tapping & Threading - Screws

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Tapping & Threading Special Screws

Grub Screw

Bolt

Thumb Screw

Self Tapping Screw


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Stud

Thumb Screw

Tapping & Threading - Nuts

Hex Nut
Cap / Dome Nut

Nylon Insert Lock Nut


Wing Nut
Castle / Slotted Nut
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Tapping & Threading Screw Tools

Flat Head Screwdriver

Philips Head Screwdriver

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Allen Key

Tapping & Threading Nut Tools


Ring Spanner

Adjustable Spanner

Combination Pliers

Vice Grips
Open Ended Spanner
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Tapping & Threading - Washers


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Washers are used for


a variety of reasons :
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to protect the surface


of the workpiece
to provide resistance
against a nut
To act as a spacer
To spread the load of
a nut

Rubber washers are


often used to absorb
vibrations.

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Plain

Split / Spring

Toothed

The End

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