Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

Level-1 NEC Microwave Link Troubleshooting Guide

NEC Microwave Link Troubleshooting

You need to carry out following steps during troubleshooting of a NEC PASOLINK V4 Link.

Power

Physical Check of IDU & ODU Alarm

Indoor Installation

Outdoor Installation

Media Route

i. Power Check

Table 1-1 Equipment Power Check

Item

Maintenance guide

 

Specifications

Toggle

Observe the toggle power switch is ON or OFF,

 

Power

In normal condition, it is ON

Switch

 

IDU

Fuses

If Toggle switch is OFF, first check IDU fuses & replace them if found expired. Now ON toggle Switch

In normal condition, Fuses are ok (Two extra Fuses are available with IDU)

Check

Power

Observe the green power indicator on the front panel of IDU, ON or OFF,

Normally, Green LED glows if there is no power issue and IDU’s fuses are in working condition.

Indicator

(LED)

ii. Physical Check of IDU & ODU Alarm

There are some steps to check IDU & ODU alarms physically & necessary troubleshooting steps as per alarm indications as mentioned below.

Table 1-2 Physical IDU & ODU alarm check with initial troubleshooting steps

Item

Maintenance guide

 

Specifications

 
   

Under normal conditions, this Red IDU indicator is off. (If all configured E-1 are used for traffic or hard loop otherwise it will glow)

IDU

If this Red IDU indicator is ON, then note either it is just glowing or blinking. (If all configured E-1 are used for traffic or hard loop otherwise it will also glow)

Indicator

Observe the red IDU LED indicator on the front panel of IDU

 

If

it

is

only

glowing,

then

check

via

(LED)

 

software either traffic is affected or not.

In case of IDU LED blinking (ODU LED will also blink with blinking of IDU LED), first check the connectivity of IF Cable.

If

IF Cable connectivity is not OK then

refresh

the

IF

Cable connector on

respective site.

   

Under normal conditions, this Red ODU indicator is off.

If this Red ODU indicator is ON then observe either it is just glowing or blinking.

If it is only glowing, then check via software either RSL value is affected or far end is turned OFF.

ODU

In case of ODU LED blinking (IDU LED will also blink with blinking of ODU LED), first check the connectivity of IF Cable.

Indicator

If IF Cable connectivity is not OK then first

(LED)

Observe the red ODU LED indicator on the front panel of ODU

refresh outdoor IF Cable connectors on respective site, again check IF Cable connectivity, if still not ok, also refresh Indoor IF Cable connector.

If RSL is out of designed RSL value then

 

realign this link from affected site which

RSL

value

is

down, after achieving

designed

value,

lock

the

Antennas

properly.

 

If far end is powered OFF then first check its far end with same steps.

iii.

Indoor Installation Check

Table 1-3 Check Indoor Installation

Item

Maintenance guide

Specifications

 

Check the Indoor Installation including

 

Indoor

Routing of power cable,

All indoor installation & equipment grounding should be properly routed & terminated at specific locations

Installati

Tributary cable,

on

Indoor IF Cable routing

 

Tightness of Indoor IF Cable connector and groundings

iv.

Outdoor Installation

Table 1-4 Check Outdoor Installation.

Item

Maintenance guide

Specifications

 

Check the outdoor installation including

 

IF Cable routing,

Antenna & outdoor connector should be properly tight, ODU and IF cable should be properly grounded.

Outdoor

IF Cable groundings & their weather proofing

Installation

Antenna Tightness

If RSL value is not as per designed value due to looseness in Antenna, realign specific Antenna & tight it properly after realignment.

ODU grounding

Outdoor connector tightness and its weather proofing

v.

Media Route Check

Table 1-5 Media Route Check

Item

Maintenance guide

Specifications

 

If there is no issue in MW Link but media is not ok

 

First loop faulty E-1 towards BTS

If BTS E-1 Cable is ok, Hard loop faulty E-1 of this local link to check this link media is OK or Not

Media

If local link media is ok then give loop towards BSC from that site & note your observation, it is ok or not

Check

(Local MW

First verify it that there is no media issue through which this site traffic is routed i.e. MW / Leased Line / ADM / VSAT

Link

and

 

media

If this loop is not ok then move towards BSC site by site & check media by giving hard loop towards BSC & trace media fault where it exists.

route

from

site

to

BSC)

 

If there is any other media used to route this site traffic after local MW Link , first verify this media i.e. MW / Leased Line / ADM / VSAT

If still media is found OK but site E-1 is not working properly, perform BER test for this specific E-1 & check the results.