Sei sulla pagina 1di 43
Traveling the world / Viajando por el mundo In this last learning activity, you will

Traveling the world / Viajando por el mundo

In this last learning activity, you will learn about obligations, abilities, prepositions of movement, shopping, the airport, means of transportation and places around town. / En esta última actividad de aprendizaje, usted aprenderá sobre obligaciones, habilidades, preposiciones de movimiento, compras, el aeropuerto, medios de transporte, y lugares en una ciudad.

Introductory material / Material introductorio
Introductory material / Material introductorio

Dear learner, / Estimado aprendiz:

This material will help you study the topics related to learning activity 4. / Este material le permitirá estudiar los temas relacionados con la actividad de aprendizaje 4.

You will learn about: / Los temas a tratar son:

1. Obligation and lack of obligation. / Obligación y falta de obligación.

2. Ability and possibility. / Habilidad y posibilidad.

3. Prepositions of movement. / Preposiciones de movimiento.

4. Shopping in English. / Haciendo compras en inglés.

5. Means of transportation. / Medios de transporte.

6. At the airport. / En el aeropuerto.

7. Places around town. / Lugares en la ciudad.

Let’s begin! / ¡Empecemos!

6. At the airport. / En el aeropuerto . 7. Places around town. / Lugares en
1. Obligation and lack of obligation / O bligacion y falta de obligacion A. Expressing

1. Obligation and lack of obligation / Obligacion y falta de obligacion

A. Expressing obligation and lack of obligation / Expresando obligación y falta de obligación

When we talk about activities we are obliged to do, activities we have no choice about, we use “have to”. / Cuando hablamos de actividades que estamos obligados a hacer, actividades que no son opcionales, usamos “tener que”.

Example / Ejemplo:

We have to wear a tie to work. (It is not an option. It is a rule the company has). / Tenemos que usar corbata en el trabajo. (No es una opción. Es una regla de la empresa).

el trabajo. (No es una opción. Es una regla de la empresa). Fuente: SENA When we

Fuente: SENA

When we talk about things we can choose to do or not, we use “don’t have to”. / Cuando hablamos de actividades el las que podemos elegir entre hacerlas o no, usamos “don’t have to”.

Example / Ejemplo:

On weekends, I don’t have to get up early. I do it because I love to watch the sunrise while having a coffee. / Los fines de semana no tengo que levantarme temprano. Lo hago porque me gusta ver el amanecer mientras me tomo un café.

Let’s see the grammar formula to express obligation and lack of obligation using the simple present tense. / Veamos la estructura gramatical para expresar obligación o falta de ella usando el presente simple.

present tense. / Veamos la estructura gramatical para expresar obligación o falta de ella usando el
  Interrogative Form / Formas interrogativas     Wh- / how Auxiliary (do / does)
 

Interrogative Form / Formas interrogativas

 
 

Wh- / how

Auxiliary (do / does)

Subject

Have to

Verb

Question

(base form)

mark

Information

Where

do

you

have to

go

?

Yes / no

 

Do

you

have to

go

?

Note: Remember you use the auxiliary does in question when you use the third person singular (he, she, or it). Example: Where does Mary (she) have to go? / Nota: recuerde que usted usa el auxiliar does en preguntas cuando usa la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it). Ejemplo: ¿Dónde tiene que ir Mary (ella)?

Affirmative and negative forms / Formas afirmativas y negativas

Affirmative

(obligation)

Negative

(lack of

obligation)

Subject

I

She

Auxiliary

(don’t /

doesn’t)

doesn’t

Have to / has to

have to

have to

Verb

(base

form)

take a pill

wear a

skirt

Complement

every morning.

to work.

Note: Remember you use the auxiliary doesn’t in negative statements when you use the third person singular (he, she, or it). Example: She doesn’t have to write the report. / Nota: recuerde que usted usa el auxiliariar doesn’t en oraciones negativas cuando usa la tercera persona del singular (he, she, it). Ejemplo: ella no tiene que escribir el reporte.

2. Ability and possibility / Habilidad y posibilidad

A. Expressing ability / Expresando habilidad

When we talk about our or someone else’s abilities, we use “can”. / Cuando hablamos de nuestras habilidades o las de alguien más usamos “can”.

abilities, we use “ can ”. / Cuando hablamos de nuestras habilidades o las de alguien
Examples / Ejemplos:  I can run 15 kilometers in 45 minutes. / Puedo correr

Examples / Ejemplos:

I can run 15 kilometers in 45 minutes. / Puedo correr 15 kilómetros en 45 minutos.

She can cook Japanese Food. / Ella puede cocinar comida japonesa.

When we talk about our or someone else’s lack of ability, we use “can’t”. / Cuando hablamos de la falta de habilidad nuestra o de la de alguien más usamos “can’t.

Examples / Ejemplos:

I can’t swim long distances. / No puedo nadar largas distancias.

Peter can’t use photoshop. / Peter no puede usar photoshop.

Note: Remember we use can’t in the sense of not knowing how to do something; not in the sense of impossibility or prohibition. In a different level you will get familiar with other uses of can and can’t. / Nota: recuerde que usamos can’t en el sentido de no saber como hacer algo, no en el sentido de imposibilidad o prohibición. En otro nivel, usted se familiarizará con otros usos de can y can’t.

B. Expressing possibility / Expresando posibilidad

We also use can to talk about possibilities. / También podemos usar can para hablar acerca de posibilidades.

Examples / Ejemplos:

I can play soccer on Friday. It is my day off. / Yo puedo jugar fútbol el viernes. Es mi día libre.

We use can’t to talk about impossibility. / Usamos can’t para hablar de imposibilidades.

Examples / Ejemplos:

We use can’t to talk about impossibility. / Usamos can’t para hablar de imposibilidades. Examples /
 I can’t play video games today. I’m too busy. / No puedo jugar videojuegos

I can’t play video games today. I’m too busy. / No puedo jugar videojuegos hoy. Estoy demasiado ocupado.

She can’t come to the party. She has to work late. / Ella no puede venir a la fiesta. Tiene que trabajar hasta tarde.

C. Grammar structure / Estructura gramatical

Let’s learn how to structure different statements when using can or can’t. / Aprendamos a estructurar diferentes enunciados usando can y can’t.

Affirmative and negative forms / Formas afirmativas y negativas

 

Subject

Modal verb can / can’t

Base form of the verb

Complement

Affirmative

I

can

play the piano

very well.

Negative

She

can’t

come

tonight.

 

Interrogative forms / Formas interrogativas

 
 

Modal verb can / can’t

 

Base form of the verb

Question

 

Wh- / how

Subject

mark

Information

When

can

you

come

?

Yes / no

 

Can

you

play chess

?

3. Prepositions of movement / Preposiciones de movimiento

There are some words we use to refer to the movement of an action in space. These words are called prepositions of movement. Take a look at the chart below to learn how and when to use them: / Hay unas palabras que usamos para referirnos al movimiento de una acción en el espacio. Estas palabras se llaman preposiciones de movimiento. Mire el cuadro a continuación para aprender cómo y cúando usarlas:

To

We use to when we refer to a specific destination. Below you will find examples of possible destinations. / Usamos to cuando nos referimos a un destino específico. Abajo encontrará ejemplos de posibles destinos.

/ Usamos to cuando nos referimos a un destino específico. Abajo encontrará ejemplos de posibles destinos.
  A place: / Un lugar:  She is going to Pereira. / Ella va
 

A place: / Un lugar:

She is going to Pereira. / Ella va para Pereira.

 

I want to go to the mall. / Quiero ir al centro comercial.

 

An event: / Un evento:

Are they going to the party? / Van para la fiesta?

 

Luisa couldn’t go concierto.

to the concert.

/

Luisa no

pudo ir

al

A person:

You should go to your father for advice. / Deberías acudir a tu papá para que te aconseje.

Towards

We use towards when someone or something is moving in a particular situation rather than a particular destination. / usamos towards cuando alguien o algo va en una dirección en particular más que hacía un destino particular.

The ball was coming fast towards me. / La pelota se estaba acercando rápidamente en mi dirección.

 

Through refers to the following types of movement. / Through se refiere a los singuientes tipos de moviento.

We use through in the following situations: / Usamos through en las siguientes situaciones:

Through

1. The movement within a space that is surrounding the subject. / El movimiento dentro de un espacio que rodea al sujeto.

Example / Ejemplo:

The ball went through the window. / La pelota pasó a través

que rodea al sujeto. Example / Ejemplo:  The ball went through the window. / La
Into Across Over de la ventana. 2. When something or someone is moving across an

Into

Across

Over

de la ventana.

2. When something or someone is moving across an entire space. / Cuando algo o alguien se mueve a través de algo.

Example / Ejemplo:

Cut through the tape. / Corte la cinta.

The movement of something or someone from the outside to the inside in a three dimensional space. / El movimiento de algo o alguien desde afuera hacia adentro de un espacio tridimensional.

Examples / Ejemplos:

James reached into his pocket and found his keys. / James metió su mano en su bolsillo y encontró sus llaves.

They got into the car. / Se subieron al carro.

We use across to talk about movement from the starting point of something to the other. / Usamos across para hablar del movimiento desde el inicio de un algo hasta su final.

Examples / Ejemplos:

They walked across the road. / Ellos pasaron la calle.

He swam across the pool. / El atravesó la piscina nadando.

We can use over to talk about movement from one side of a place to another. / Podemos usar “over” para hablar de un movimiento desde un lugar hacia otro.

Examples / Ejemplos:

He jumped over the fence and opened the gate. / El saltó sobre la cerca y abrió la puerta.

The plane flew over the lake. / El avión voló sobre el lago.

El saltó sobre la cerca y abrió la puerta.  The plane flew over the lake.
Along We also use over to describe the position of something in relation to a

Along

We also use over to describe the position of something in relation to a surface. / También usamos over para describir la posición de algo en relación con una superficie.

Example / Ejemplo:

She spread the tablecloth over the table. / Ella puso el mantel sobre la mesa.

We use along when we refer to the kind of movement that follows a line. / Usamos along cuando nos referimos al tipo de movimiento que sigue una línea.

Example / Ejemplo:

Diane and I walked along the river. / Diane y yo caminamos a lo largo del río.

Note: In Spanish, the preposition towards is usually immersed in the verb. / En español, la preposición towards está usualmente inmersa en el verbo.

Take a look at the following diagram to understand the prepositions within a visual context: / Mire el siguiente diagrama para que entienda las preposiciones dentro de un contexto visual:

within a visual context: / Mire el siguiente diagrama para que entienda las preposiciones dentro de
within a visual context: / Mire el siguiente diagrama para que entienda las preposiciones dentro de
Fuente de imágenes: SENA 4. Shopping in English / Haciendo compras en inglés Below you
Fuente de imágenes: SENA 4. Shopping in English / Haciendo compras en inglés Below you

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

4. Shopping in English / Haciendo compras en inglés

Below you will get familiar with some useful expressions about shopping. Some expressions have a specific topic, but you can personalize them. For example: if the sentence reads How much are the shoes? You just need to change shoes for another plural noun to have a new question; for example, How much are the earrings? Below, you will familiarize with some expressions that are useful when going shopping. / Abajo se familirizará con algunas expresiones útiles sobre compras. Algunas expresiones tienen un tema específico por el contexto, pero usted puede personalizarlas. Por ejemplo, si la frase dice ¿Cuánto valen los zapatos?, usted sólo necesita cambiar “zapatos” por otro sustantivo en plural para tener una nueva pregunta. Por ejemplo, ¿Cuánto valen los aretes? Abajo se familiarizará con algunas expresiones útiles acerca de las compras.

English

Spanish

Excuse me…how much is a pen?

Disculpe, ¿Cuánto cuesta un esfero?

What does this book cost?

¿Qué vale este libro?

How much is the tax?

¿De cuánto es el impuesto?

Is the TV on sale?

¿El televisor está en promoción?

What is the price after the discount?

¿Cuánto vale con el descuento?

What’s the total?

¿Cuánto es en total?

How much do I owe you?

¿Qué le debo?

Pay cash.

Pagar en efectivo.

Put it on a credit card.

Cargarlo a una tarjeta de crédito.

How many installments?

¿Cuántas cuotas?

Here you are.

Aquí tiene.

Cargarlo a una tarjeta de crédito. How many installments? ¿Cuántas cuotas? Here you are. Aquí tiene.
Do you take/accept credit card? ¿Acepta tarjetas de crédito? ATM. Cajero automático. May I try

Do you take/accept credit card?

¿Acepta tarjetas de crédito?

ATM.

Cajero automático.

May I try this on?

¿Me puedo medir esto?

Dressing room.

Vestier.

I need to take this back.

Vengo a devolver esto.

Excuse me, I can’t find toy section.

Disculpe, no encuentro la sección de juguetería.

Can I return this if I need to?

¿Puedo devolverlo en caso de ser necesario?

I’m afraid, you gave me the wrong change.

Temo que me dio mal las vueltas.

I lost my receipt.

Se me perdió el recibo.

Can you tell me where the jackets are?

¿Me puede indicar dónde están las chaquetas?

Do you have this shirt in small?

¿Tiene esta camisa más pequeña?

Bargain.

Pedir descuento.

Dollars.

Dólares.

Euros.

Euros.

Pounds.

Libras.

5. Means of transportation / Medios de transporte

Below you will find vocabulary about different means of transportation. Remember that you need to use the preposition by when you refer to transportation. For example: Pete goes to school by bus. / Abajo encontrará vocabulario acerca de diferentes medios de transporte. Recuerde que necesita usar la preposición by cuando se refiere al transporte. Por ejemplo: Pete va a la escuela en bus.

que necesita usar la preposición by cuando se refiere al transporte. Por ejemplo: Pete va a
que necesita usar la preposición by cuando se refiere al transporte. Por ejemplo: Pete va a
Airplane Car Taxi Boat Bus Train Ship Bicycle Helicopter Hot- air balloon Cable car Biplane
Airplane Car Taxi Boat Bus Train Ship Bicycle Helicopter Hot- air balloon Cable car Biplane
Airplane
Car
Taxi
Boat
Bus
Train
Ship
Bicycle
Helicopter
Hot- air balloon
Cable car
Biplane
Motorcycle
Monorail
Subway
Streetcar
Fuente de imágenes: SENA
6. At the airport / En el aeropuerto
English
Spanish
Picture
Baggage claim
check
Papel para reclamar
el equipaje
Tarjeta de
Boarding pass
embarque /
pasabordo
Spanish Picture Baggage claim check Papel para reclamar el equipaje Tarjeta de Boarding pass embarque /
Boarding time Hora de abordaje Body check Requisa Check-in Proceso de registro Currency exchange Punto
Boarding time Hora de abordaje Body check Requisa Check-in Proceso de registro Currency exchange Punto
Boarding time
Hora de abordaje
Body check
Requisa
Check-in
Proceso de registro
Currency
exchange
Punto de cambio de
divisas
Customs
Aduanas
Customs
Declaración
declaration
aduanera
registro Currency exchange Punto de cambio de divisas Customs Aduanas Customs Declaración declaration aduanera
Customs officer Oficial de aduanas Departure lounge Zona de pre- embarque Departure time Hora de

Customs officer

Oficial de aduanas

Customs officer Oficial de aduanas

Departure lounge

Zona de pre- embarque

Departure lounge Zona de pre- embarque

Departure time

Hora de salida

Departure time Hora de salida

Immigration

Ventanilla de

Immigration Ventanilla de

counter

inmigración

Passport

Pasaporte

Passport Pasaporte

Personal effects

Objetos personales

Personal effects Objetos personales
Ventanilla de counter inmigración Passport Pasaporte Personal effects Objetos personales
Security check Punto de seguridad Time difference Diferencia horaria Time zones Zona horaria Visa

Security check

Punto de seguridad

Security check Punto de seguridad

Time difference

Diferencia horaria

Time difference Diferencia horaria

Time zones

Zona horaria

Time zones Zona horaria

Visa

Visa

Visa Visa

Travel abroad

Viajar al exterior

Travel abroad Viajar al exterior

Scenery

Paisaje

Scenery Paisaje
horaria Time zones Zona horaria Visa Visa Travel abroad Viajar al exterior Scenery Paisaje
Carry-on bag Equipaje de mano Layover Tiempo de espera entre vuelos Air sickness bag Bolsa

Carry-on bag

Equipaje de mano

Carry-on bag Equipaje de mano

Layover

Tiempo de espera entre vuelos

Layover Tiempo de espera entre vuelos

Air sickness bag

Bolsa para el mareo

Air sickness bag Bolsa para el mareo

Flight

Vuelo

Flight Vuelo

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

7. Places around town / Lugares en la ciudad

Below you will find vocabulary about the most common places in a city. / Abajo encontrará vocabulario relacionado con los lugares más comunes en una ciudad.

Places around town - Where are you going? - I´m going to the …

con los lugares más comunes en una ciudad. Places around town - Where are you going?
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station

Appliance store

Auto dealer / car dealer

Bakery

Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria
Appliance store Auto dealer / car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria

Bank

Barber shop

Book store

/ car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria Child-care center / day-care
/ car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria Child-care center / day-care
/ car dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria Child-care center / day-care

Bus station

Cafeteria

Child-care center / day-care center

dealer Bakery Bank Barber shop Book store Bus station Cafeteria Child-care center / day-care center
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall

Cleaners / dry cleaners

Donut shop

Clinic

Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall
Cleaners / dry cleaners Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall

Clothing store

Coffee shop

Computer store

Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall Convenience store Copy center
Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall Convenience store Copy center
Donut shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall Convenience store Copy center

Concert hall

Convenience store

Copy center

shop Clinic Clothing store Coffee shop Computer store Concert hall Convenience store Copy center
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station

Delicatessen

Departament store

Discount store

Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station /
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station /
Delicatessen Departament store Discount store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station /

Drug store / pharmacy

Flower shop

Furniture store

store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station / service station Grocery store
store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station / service station Grocery store
store Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station / service station Grocery store

Gas station / service station

Grocery store

Hair salon

Drug store / pharmacy Flower shop Furniture store Gas station / service station Grocery store Hair
Hardware store Health club / spa Hospital Fuente de imágenes: SENA Contextualization / Contextualización Read
Hardware store Health club / spa Hospital
Hardware store Health club / spa Hospital
Hardware store Health club / spa Hospital

Hardware store

Health club / spa

Hospital

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

Contextualization / Contextualización
Contextualization / Contextualización

Read to the conservation between Richard and John. / Lea la conversación entre Richard y John.

Richard, Did you finally go to Germany last year?
Richard, Did
you finally go to
Germany last
year?
y John. Richard, Did you finally go to Germany last year? I would like to visit
I would like to visit Europe next summer.
I would like to
visit Europe
next summer.
Yes, I did. I went there in August. Why?
Yes, I did. I went
there in August.
Why?
Oh! Great! You have to go to Heidelberg.
Oh! Great!
You have to
go to
Heidelberg.
like to visit Europe next summer. Yes, I did. I went there in August. Why? Oh!
Really? Why? Is there anything interesting? Oh yeah! There is an amazing castle downtown! And,
Really? Why? Is there anything interesting?
Really? Why? Is
there anything
interesting?
Oh yeah! There is an amazing castle downtown!
Oh yeah! There
is an amazing
castle
downtown!
And, what can I do there? There are cheap guided tours if you want, but
And, what
can I do
there?
There are cheap guided
tours if you want, but you
can also walk alone, and
then you can enjoy the
gardens. The view is very
nice!
Cool! It can be a nice place for photographs. What about food? Well, the restaurants
Cool! It can be a
nice place for
photographs.
What about
food?
Well, the restaurants
are expensive, but
you can have a
sandwich and a
soda.
for photographs. What about food? Well, the restaurants are expensive, but you can have a sandwich
Ok. Thanks. Is there a gift shop? Sure! There are a lot! But they are
Ok. Thanks. Is there a gift shop? Sure! There are a lot! But they are
Ok. Thanks.
Is there a
gift shop?
Sure! There are a lot!
But they are not
cheap. There is a
market with more
convenient prices.
Ok. But, what’s the
name of the
place? How can I
get there?
Well, I don’t remember
the name, but it is easy
to find. Look, when you
leave the castle, turn
right and walk along that
street. You can see the
stands just two or three
blocks away.
you leave the castle, turn right and walk along that street. You can see the stands
OK. I’m not so good at directions. I can get lost. Don’t worry. You can
OK. I’m not so good at directions. I can get lost. Don’t worry. You can
OK. I’m not so good at directions. I can get lost.
OK. I’m not so
good at
directions. I can
get lost.
Don’t worry. You can always ask again!
Don’t worry.
You can
always ask
again!
One more thing Richard, Did you try German beer? Off course I did! You can’t
One more thing
Richard, Did you
try German beer?
Off course I did! You can’t
say you were in Germany
and you didn’t have a beer
there!
Is there a place near that market? Yes, there is. At the end of the
Is there a
place near that
market?
Yes, there is. At the
end of the market you
turn left and there is a
nice “Bier Garden”.
place near that market? Yes, there is. At the end of the market you turn left
Sorry, “Ber…” what? “Bier Garden”. It is the German name for pub. Right! I think
Sorry, “Ber…” what?
Sorry, “Ber…”
what?
“Bier Garden”. It is the German name for pub.
“Bier Garden”. It is
the German name
for pub.
Right! I think I have to learn some German first.
Right! I think I
have to learn
some German
first.
Yeah! That’s a good idea, John.
Yeah! That’s a
good idea,
John.
Comprehension / Comprensión
Comprehension / Comprensión

Acording to the conversation decide if the following statements are true (T) or false (F): / De acuerdo a la conversación decida si las siguientes oraciones son ciertas o falsas:

 

T

F

1. John went to Germany last year.

1. John went to Germany last year.
1. John went to Germany last year.

2. Germany is in the American continent.

2. Germany is in the American continent.
2. Germany is in the American continent.

3. Richard doesn’t like Heidelberg very much.

3. Richard doesn’t like Heide lberg very much.
3. Richard doesn’t like Heide lberg very much.

4. John likes photography.

4. John likes photography.
4. John likes photography.

5. Souvenirs are very expensive in the castle.

5. Souvenirs are very expensive in the castle.
5. Souvenirs are very expensive in the castle.

6. The market is far away from the castle.

6. The market is far away from the castle.
6. The market is far away from the castle.
John likes photography. 5. Souvenirs are very expensive in the castle. 6. The market is far
7. John never has problems following directions. 8. Beer is very popular in Germany. 9.

7. John never has problems following directions.

7. John never has problems following directions.
7. John never has problems following directions.

8. Beer is very popular in Germany.

8. Beer is very popular in Germany.
8. Beer is very popular in Germany.

9. There is a pub near the market.

9. There is a pub near the market.
9. There is a pub near the market.

10. John is very fluent in German.

10. John is very fluent in German.
10. John is very fluent in German.
Practice 1 / Práctica 1
Practice 1 / Práctica 1

A. Find the mistake and write the correct sentence below each sentence: / Encuentre el error y escriba la oración correcta debajo de cada oración:

1. My sister have to work on Saturdays.

2. My mom can writes very nice letters.

3. I don’t have to making lunch today. I’m eating out.

4. Do you can speak Chinese?

5. Do you has to pick up your son at school?

6. Alan can to run for three hours without stopping.

7. Ms. Jones has to sends a report before noon.

8. Does your mom has to listen to music now? I’m trying to sleep.

9. How many words are you can type in 5 minutes?

8. Does your mom has to listen to music now? I’m trying to sleep . 9.

10.

I can’t playing video games.

10. I can’t playing video games . B. Complete the sentences with can or have to

B. Complete the sentences with can or have to and the verbs in parenthesis. / Complete las siguientes oraciones con can o have to y los verbos en paréntesis.

1.

I

want

to

go

to

the

movies,

but

the

final

exam

is

tomorrow.

I

 

(study)

tonight.

 

2.

Sarah

 

(go) to school today. She

 

(go) to the

doctor.

 

3.

you

(play) soccer with us next Sunday?

 

4.

George meeting in the morning.

(get up) early tomorrow. He has an important

5.

We

(fly) a kite today. It’s raining too hard.

 

6.

If you don’t want to lose the changes, you

 

(save) the file.

 

C. Read

the

conversation

and

answer

the

questions

below:

/

Lea

la

conversación y responda las preguntas a continuación:

Tim: Hey, Terence. Can you play tennis?

Terence: Sure, Tim. I took lessons when I was a child. Why do you ask?

TIm: Why don’t we play sometime?

Terence: Sounds great. When?

Tim: What about tomorrow morning?

Terence: I’m sorry. I can’t. I have to take my boss to the airport.

Tim: Too bad. Do you have time on Saturday?

Terence: Yes. Let’s go to the club near the train station.

Tim: Perfect.

Tim: Too bad. Do you have time on Saturday? Terence: Yes. Let’s go to the club
According to the conversation, are the following statements true or false? / De acuerdo con

According to the conversation, are the following statements true or false? / De acuerdo con la conversación, ¿Son estas oraciones verdaderas o falsas?

 

F

T

a. Terence wants to learn to play tennis.

a. Terence wants to learn to play tennis.
a. Terence wants to learn to play tennis.

b. Tim can play tennis.

b. Tim can play tennis.
b. Tim can play tennis.

c. Terence thinks playing tennis is not a good idea.

c. Terence thinks playing tennis is not a good idea.
c. Terence thinks playing tennis is not a good idea.

d. Tomorrow morning is a good time to play tennis for Terence.

d. Tomorrow morning is a good time to play tennis for Terence.
d. Tomorrow morning is a good time to play tennis for Terence.

e. Terence has to go to the airport.

e. Terence has to go to the airport.
e. Terence has to go to the airport.

f. Terence can play tomorrow morning.

f. Terence can play tomorrow morning.
f. Terence can play tomorrow morning.

g. They are going to play on Saturday.

g. They are going to play on Saturday.
g. They are going to play on Saturday.
Practice 2 / Práctica 2
Practice 2 / Práctica 2

A. Max is competing in an obstacle race. Take him to the finish line by choosing the right prepostition from the ones in brackets. One is done for you and the pictures will help you. / Max está compitiendo en una carrera de obstáculos. Llévelo a la línea de llegada escogiendo la preposición correcta entre las que están entre paréntesis. Una está hecha como modelo y las imágenes le ayudarán.

Example / Ejemplo:

1. Go up the ladder.

entre paréntesis. Una está hecha como modelo y las imágenes le ayudarán. Example / Ejemplo: 1.
entre paréntesis. Una está hecha como modelo y las imágenes le ayudarán. Example / Ejemplo: 1.
1. Go (up, across, over) the ladder. 2. Run (into, along, out of) the rope.

1. Go (up, across, over) the ladder.

2. Run (into, along, out of) the rope.

3. Walk (across, down, over) the hill.

4. Jump (over, on, into) the pool.

down, over) the hill. 4. Jump (over, on, into) the pool. 5. Swim (in, across, into)
down, over) the hill. 4. Jump (over, on, into) the pool. 5. Swim (in, across, into)
down, over) the hill. 4. Jump (over, on, into) the pool. 5. Swim (in, across, into)
down, over) the hill. 4. Jump (over, on, into) the pool. 5. Swim (in, across, into)

5. Swim (in, across, into) the pool.

6. Get (on, up, out of) the pool.

7. Crawl (over, on, through) the tunnel.

8. Climb (in, over, through) the wall.

the tunnel. 8. Climb (in, over, through) the wall. 9. Jog (across, around, into) the track.
the tunnel. 8. Climb (in, over, through) the wall. 9. Jog (across, around, into) the track.

9. Jog (across, around, into) the track.

10. Run (towards, on, into) the finish line.

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

B. Read to the following conversations and choose the sentences with the correct option: / Lea las siguientes conversaciones y elija las oraciones con la opción correcta:

Conversation 1

A: Good afternoon. I’m looking for a jacket.

B: Hi. What size do you wear?

A: Large, I think.

B: How do you like this one?

A: I’m not sure. Can I try it on?

. B: Hi. What size do you wear? A: Large, I think. B: How do you
B: Sure. The dressing room is over there. The customer wants to buy: a. A

B: Sure. The dressing room is over there.

The customer wants to buy:

a. A small jacket.

a. A small jacket.

b. A large sweater.

b. A large sweater.

c. A large jacket.

c. A large jacket.

Conversation 2

A: Hello. How can I help you?

B: I want to buy a pair of boots.

A: Certainly. What size?

B: 9.

A: Do you like these?

B: I don’t like the color. Do you have them in blue?

A: I have to check. I’ll be back in a moment.

The salesperson will be back in a moment because:

a.He needs to write a check.

a.He needs to write a check.

b.He doesn’t like the customer.

b.H e doesn’t like the customer .

c. He wants to find something for the customer.

c. He wants to find something for the customer.

Conversation 3

A: Can I help you?

B: I’m just looking. Thanks.

A: Everything is on sale today. Let me know if you need any help.

3 A: Can I help you? B: I’m just looking. Thanks. A: Everything is on sale
B: Can you tell me where the ties are? A: Sure. Aisle 3. B: Are

B: Can you tell me where the ties are?

A: Sure. Aisle 3.

B: Are they on sale, too?

A: Certainly.

The customer is directed to aisle 3 because:

a. The products in that aisle are on sale.

a. The products in that aisle are on sale.

b. The thing he is looking for can be found there.

b. The thing he is looking for can be found there.

c. The salesperson told him to.

c. The salesperson told him to.

Conversation 4

A: I am taking these shirts.

B: How would you like to pay for that, sir?

A: Do you take traveler’s checks?

B: Sorry, sir. Cash or credit card only.

A: I see. Is there an ATM near here?

B: Sure. There is one across from the store.

A: I’ll be right back.

The customer wants to know if there is an ATM because:

a. He wants to take out some money.

a. He wants to take out some money.

b. He wants to cash a check.

b. He wants to cash a check.

c. He needs to deposit some cash.

c. He needs to deposit some cash.

C. Read the following text and answer the questions below: / Lea el siguiente texto y responda las preguntas a continuación:

the following text and answer the questions below: / Lea el siguiente texto y responda las
Fuente: SENA Garage sales or yard sales are informal events where people sell used things
Fuente: SENA Garage sales or yard sales are informal events where people sell used things

Fuente: SENA

Garage sales or yard sales are informal events where people sell used things they don’t want or need anymore. The place of the sale is usually a garage, driveway, and sometimes the interior of a house. They traditionally take place on weekends. Garage sales are convenient for sellers because don’t have to obtain a business license or pay taxes.

People like to shop at garage sales because they can save a lot of money and meet new people. Buyers usually try to bargain to get a cheaper price. In order to bargain, you have to have excellent persuasion skills. Both sellers and buyers try to outsmart each other.

You can find many different things at a garage sale. Some people sell tables, sofas, chairs, and other pieces of furniture. Some other people sell clothes, rings, necklaces and even bicycles. You never know what you can get at a garage sale.

*Outsmart: ser más astuto que el otro.

Choose the correct answer. / Escoja la respuesta correcta.

1. When do people have garage sales?

a. On weekdays.

el otro. Choose the correct answer. / Escoja la respuesta correcta. 1. When do people have
el otro. Choose the correct answer. / Escoja la respuesta correcta. 1. When do people have
b. On Saturdays and Sundays. c. On Fridays and Saturdays. 2. Where do people have

b. On Saturdays and Sundays.

b. On Saturdays and Sundays.

c. On Fridays and Saturdays.

c. On Fridays and Saturdays.

2. Where do people have garage sales?

a. At malls.

a. At malls.

b. At their property.

b. At their property.

c. At parks.

c. At parks.

According to the reading, are the following statements true or false? / ¿De acuerdo a la lectura, las siguientes oraciones son verdaderas o falsas?

 

V

F

1. People need a special permit to have garage sales.

1. People need a special permit to have garage sales.
1. People need a special permit to have garage sales.

2. Sellers don’t have to pay taxes.

2. Sellers don’t have to pay taxes.
2. Sellers don’t have to pay taxes.

3. Buyers can buy things for a convenient price.

3. Buyers can buy things for a convenient price.
3. Buyers can buy things for a convenient price.

4. To get a better price, you have to convince the seller.

4. To get a better price, you have to convince the seller.
4. To get a better price, you have to convince the seller.

5. Buyer can find surprising things at garage sales.

5. Buyer can find surprising things at garage sales.
5. Buyer can find surprising things at garage sales.

D. Which is the way each of the following people prefer to travel. Use the clues to complete the sentences. / Decida cuál es la manera favorita de viajar de las siguientes personas. Use las pistas para completar las oraciones.

Clues:

1. Bob doesn’t like to travel by boat or train.

2. Celine doesn’t like to travel by plane.

3. Giselle doesn’t like to travel by train or car.

4. Susan and Celine don’t like to travel by car or bus.

5. Bob and Ronald don’t like to travel by bus.

or car. 4. Susan and Celine do n’t like to travel by car or bus. 5.

6.

Celine and Susan don’t like to travel by train.

6. Celine and Susan don’t like to travel by train . 7. Ronald doesn’t like to

7. Ronald doesn’t like to travel by boat or car.

8. Giselle and Ronald don’t like to travel by plane.

9. Bob doesn’t like to travel by plane.

10. Giselle and Susan don’t like to travel by boat.

a. Bob loves to travel

b. Celine loves to travel

c. Giselle loves to travel

d. Ronald loves to travel

e. Susan loves to travel

E. Read to the conversation and select the statements that are true. / Lea la conversación y seleccione los enunciados que son verdaderos.

Tom: Excuse me. Do you speak English?

Sebastian: Yes. How can I help you?

Tom: I’m looking for “Estación Las Aguas.

Sebastian: You can follow me. I’m going there too.

Tom: I have to take bus J70. I’m going to “Estación 127.

Sebastian: You have to buy a ticket first. I suggest you buy a bus pass.

Tom: Thank you. By the way, where are you from? Your English is excellent.

Sebastian: Thank you. I’m from Bogota, but I grew up in California.

Tom: Where in California?

Sebastian: Valencia, L. A.

Thank you. I’m from Bogota , but I grew up in California. Tom: Where in California?
Tom: Are you kidding? My parents live there. What a coincidence! Sebastian: This is a

Tom: Are you kidding? My parents live there. What a coincidence!

Sebastian: This is a small world. By the way, what’s your name?

Tom: I’m Tom Ackerman.

Sebastian: Nice to meet you, Tom. I’m Sebastian González.

Tom: Nice to meet you, too.

a. Tom knows where the station is.

a. Tom knows where the station is.

b. Sebastian knows where the station is.

b. Sebastian knows where the station is.

c. Tom already has a bus pass.

c. Tom already has a bus pass.

d. Sebastian thinks it is better to buy a bus pass.

d. Sebastian thinks it is better to buy a bus pass.

e. Tom has an excellent Spanish.

e. Tom has an excellent Spanish.

f. Sebastian grew up in Bogota.

f. Sebastian grew up in Bogota.

g.

Tom’s parents live in California.

g. Tom’s parents live in Calif ornia.

F. Read to the conversation and select the statements that are true. / Lea la conversación y seleccione los enunciados que son verdaderos.

A: Welcome to Canada. May I see your passport please?

B: Sure. Here you are.

A: Where are you coming from?

B: I'm coming from Manizales, Colombia.

A: What is the purpose of your visit?

B: I'm here on business.

A: How long are you planning to stay?

B: I'll be staying for three weeks.

your visit? B: I'm here on business. A: How long are you planning to stay? B:
A: Where will you be staying? B: I'll be staying at Sonora Resort. A: Have

A: Where will you be staying?

B: I'll be staying at Sonora Resort.

A: Have you ever been to Canada before?

B: Yes, this is my second time. I came 2 years ago on vacation.

A: Do you have anything to declare?

B: No, nothing.

A: Enjoy your stay.

B: Thank you.

a. The visitor isn’t from Bogota, Colombia.

a. The visitor is n’t from Bogota, Colombia.

b. The visitor will be staying with some friends.

b. The visitor will be staying with some friends.

c. This is the first time the visitor is in Canada.

c. This is the first time the visitor is in Canada.

d. The visitor is on business.

d. The visitor is on business.

e. The visitor has nothing to declare.

e. The visitor has nothing to declare.

f. The customs officer think there is a problem.

f. The customs officer think there is a problem.

G. Choose the correct word(s) from the box to complete the following sentences: / Escoja la o las palabras correctas del cuadro para completar las siguientes oraciones:

claim check

visa

flight

check in

carry-on bag

boarding pass

1. A baggage that identify your baggage.

2. A

a plane.

is a small ticket with numbers

is a printed card that allows you to get on

ticket with numbers is a printed card that allows you to get on 3. A is
4. A is a document pasted on your passport that is obligatory if you want

4. A

is a document pasted on your passport that is obligatory

if you want to visit some countries.

5.To register as a passenger for a flight is necessary to

6. A

is a trip on an airplane.

H. Read to the conversation and answer the following questions: / Lea la conversación y conteste las siguientes preguntas:

Anthony:

Hey Carl. Can you drive me to the airport? I'm flying to Chicago for business tomorrow morning.

Carl:

Sure. What time is your flight?

Anthony:

The plane leaves at 5:00 am, but I have to check in 2 hours before. I'd like to get to the airport by 3:00. I’m going to take a small carry-on bag. I’ll stay just for a couple of days.

Carl:

Make sure to pack your neck pillow. Remember there is a layover in Dallas.

Anthony:

You are right. I almost forget. Last time I traveled didn’t bring it and couldn’t sleep well while waiting. I also need to pack some medicine for air sickness.

Carl:

I know what you mean. Remember our last trip to Brazil when you got sick on the plane? You had to use your barf bag. Hahahahahaha! That was so embarrasing.

Anthony:

Hahahahaha one of the flight attendants almost vomits, too.

Carl:

OK, man. I'll pick you up tomorrow morning at 2:00 am. Make sure to be ready. I hate to wait.

Anthony:

No problem. I'll be ready. Thanks!

tomorrow morning at 2:00 am. Make sure to be ready. I hate to wait. Anthony: No

1.

Anthony is traveling because:

1. Anthony is traveling because: a. He wants to take a break. b. He has some

a. He wants to take a break.

a. He wants to take a break.

b. He has some work to do.

b. He has some work to do.

c. He is visiting someone.

c. He is visiting someone.

2. Anthony wants to be at the airport:

a. At 5.00.

a. At 5.00.

b. At 2.00.

b. At 2.00.

c. At 3.00.

c. At 3.00.

3. Anthony is taking with him:

a. A few essential things.

a. A few essential things.

b. A lot of clothes.

b. A lot of clothes.

c. A large backpack.

c. A large backpack.

4. Carls tells Anthony to bring a neck pillow because:

a. He has a neck problem.

a. He has a neck problem.

b. He has to wait at the airport for the connecting flight.

b. He has to wait at the airport for the connecting flight.

c. Hotels usually have bad pillows.

c. Hotels usually have bad pillows.

5. Anthony is also packing some medicine because:

a. He has a back problem.

a. He has a back problem.

b. He gets nauseous when he flies.

b. He gets nauseous when he flies.

c. He has the flu.

c. He has the flu.

6. Carl talks about their trip to Brazil because:

a. He vomited.

b. He gets nauseous when he flies. c. He has the flu. 6. Carl talks about
b. He gets nauseous when he flies. c. He has the flu. 6. Carl talks about
b. A flight attendant vomited. c. Anthony vomited. I. Andrew, Vanessa, and David are talking

b. A flight attendant vomited.

b. A flight attendant vomited.

c. Anthony vomited.

c. Anthony vomited.

I. Andrew, Vanessa, and David are talking about their cities. Select the statements they mention. It can be more than one. / Andrew, Vanessa, y David están hablando de sus ciudades. Escoja los enunciados que mencionan. Pueden ser más de uno.

Andrew

los enunciados que mencionan. Pueden ser más de uno. Andrew I live in Florida City. It

I live in Florida City. It is an excellent place to have fun. If you like good bread, you will enjoy what our local bakers can do. I don’t have to worry about the weather. It is usually warm and sunny. Visitors love our parks and restaurants.

I live in Chicago. If you like fashion, this is your place. You can get almost anything you want for a very low price at our great boutiques. I don’t usually eat out because the restaurants charge a lot of money. I love our transportation system. It is not hard to understand how it works.

I live in Berkeley. It is a very cultural city. I think it is the city with the most book stores in America. Visitors always feel welcomed because our community is very open and friendly. If you go to a coffee shop alone, local people invite you to their tables.

Vanessa

shop alone, local people invite you to their tables. Vanessa David Fuente de imágenes: SENA Andrew:

David

local people invite you to their tables. Vanessa David Fuente de imágenes: SENA Andrew: a. Florida

Fuente de imágenes: SENA

Andrew:

a. Florida City is a good place to go to concerts.

b. It has excellent bakeries.

c. The weather is always nice.

d. There are beautiful churches.

place to go to concerts. b. It has excellent bakeries. c. The weather is always nice.
Vanessa: a. The furniture stores are amazing. b. The transportation system is easy. c. The

Vanessa:

a. The furniture stores are amazing.

b. The transportation system is easy.

c. The restaurants are good and not very expensive.

d. You can buy excellent clothes for a good price.

David:

a. The abundance of book stores is incredible.

b. People are kind and very social.

c. The coffee shops are elegant and offer many options.

d. You can visit museums for free.

Pronunciation practice / Práctica de pronunciación
Pronunciation practice / Práctica de pronunciación

Note: This practice must be completed using the multimedia version of the study material. There you will find the corresponding sound files. / Nota: esta práctica debe ser completada usando la versión multimedia del material de estudio. Allí encontrará los archivos de audio correspondientes.

A. Listen to the following words.

Click on the odd word. /

siguientes palabras. Seleccione la que no pertenece al grupo.

Escuche las

oʊ

Aubergine

Yoghurt

Sausage

ɔ

Potato

Raw

Salt

ɔr

Prawns

Strawberry

Fork

r

Shrimps

Cherry

Celery

l

Broccoli

Lamb

Bottle

ʊ

Stood

June

Understood

r Sh r imps Che rry Ce l ery l B r occoli L amb Bott
u Grew Scu ba diving Shut ʌ Put Wrung Cut f F eed Forga v

u

Grew

Scuba diving

Shut

ʌ

Put

Wrung

Cut

f

Feed

Forgave

Fall

v

Broke

Scuba diving

November

b

Bring

February

Weave

ɜr

Comfortable

Worst

Purple

ər

Better

Term

Muscular

ə

University

Woolen

Best

e

Muscular

Leather

Dress

er

First

Where

Hair

θ

Athletic

Length

Weather

t

Straight

Overweight

Light

ð

Thin

Leather

Another

d

Old

Elderly

The

t Strai ght Overwei ght Li ght ð Th in Lea th er Ano th er
B. Listen to the following words. Pay attention to the stressed syllable. / Escuche las

B. Listen to the following words. Pay attention to the stressed syllable. / Escuche las siguientes palabras. Preste atención a la ubicación de la sílaba acentuada.

Seller Barber Garage Furniture store Department Cafeteria shop store store Biplane Carry-on bag Discount
Seller
Barber
Garage
Furniture store
Department
Cafeteria
shop
store
store
Biplane
Carry-on bag
Discount
Appliance
store

Now, classify the words on the list according to their stress pattern. / Ahora, clasifique las palabras en la lista de acuerdo con su patrón acentual.

Layover

Passport

Cleaners

Installments

Child-care center

Clothing store

Buyer

Computer store

Donut shop

Grocery store

Book store

Convenience store

center Clo thing store Bu yer Com pu ter store Do nut shop Gro cery store
Co ffee shop Heli copter De par ture lounge Time zone Boar ding pass Con

Coffee shop

Helicopter

Departure lounge

Time zone

Boarding pass

Concert hall

Bargain

Time zone Boar ding pass Con cert hall Bar gain C. Listen to the pronunciation of
Time zone Boar ding pass Con cert hall Bar gain C. Listen to the pronunciation of
Time zone Boar ding pass Con cert hall Bar gain C. Listen to the pronunciation of
Time zone Boar ding pass Con cert hall Bar gain C. Listen to the pronunciation of
Time zone Boar ding pass Con cert hall Bar gain C. Listen to the pronunciation of

C. Listen to the pronunciation of the following sentences. Then, say them aloud. Try to imitate the intonation pattern used. / Escuche la pronunciación de las siguientes oraciones. Luego, dígalas en voz alta tratando de imitar el patrón de entonación usado.

de las siguientes oraciones. Luego, dígalas en voz alta tratando de imitar el patrón de entonación
On weekends, I don’t have to get up early . Put it on a credit

On weekends, I don’t have to get up early.

Put it on a credit card.

Cut through the tape.

Can I return this if I need to?

I can run 15 kilometers in 45 minutes.

They walked acroos the road.

She doesn’t have to write the report.

The ball was coming fast towards me.

Peter can’t use Photoshop.

Where does Mary have to go?

Is the TV on sale?

They got into the car.

We use can’t to talk about impossibility.

I want to go to the mall.

She can cook Japanese food.

Excuse me, I can’t find toy section.

Diane and I walked along the river.

How much is the tax?

The plane flew over the lake.

find toy section. Diane and I walked along the river. How much is the tax? The
Document control / Control del documento Author Adaptation Name Johanna Vera Diettes Nicole Bruskewitz Luz

Document control / Control del documento

Author

Adaptation

Name

Johanna Vera

Diettes

Nicole

Bruskewitz

Luz Clarena

Arias

Position

Dependence

Dirección de Formación Profesional. Dirección General

Theme experts

Asesores

English Dot

Works -

Programa de

bilingüismo

Copy editor Línea de Producción

Centro Agroindustrial. Regional Quindío

Date

August

2014

September

2014

Copy editor – Línea de Producción Centro Agroindustrial. Regional Quindío Date August 2014 September 2014