Sei sulla pagina 1di 16

Critical Thinking

Presentation outline

Important of Critical Thinking

Nature of Critical Thinking


Characteristics of an effective
Critical Thinker

Challenges to Critical Thinking

What is Critical Thinking?


The art of thinking about your thinking, while
youre thinking, so as to make your thinking
more clear, precise, accurate, relevant,
consistent, and fair; the art of constructive
scepticism; the art of identifying and removing
biasand one-sidedness of thought; the art of
self-directed, in-depth thinking
(Paul, 1990)

Critical Thinking is :

1. interpreting, analyzing or evaluating information,

arguments or experiences with a set of reflective


attitudes, skills, and abilities
2.

reasonable reflective thinking that is focused on deciding

what to do and what to believe OR to guide our thoughts,


beliefs and actions
3.

examining the thinking of others to improve our own

Elements of Critical
Thinking
Observation: From a series of
observations, we can come to
establish:
2. Facts: From a series of facts, or
an absence of facts, we make:
3. Inferences: Testing the validity
of our inferences, we make :
4. Assumptions:
From
our
assumptions, we form our
1.

5.

Opinions: Taking our opinions, we use the principles of logic to


develop:

6.

Arguments: When we want to challenge the arguments of others,


we employ:

7.

Critical analysis

Blooms Taxonomy of Thinking


Skills
Knowledge facts or bits of information
Comprehension understanding what
information means
Application finding a practical use for the
knowledge
Analysis breaking down the knowledge into
component parts
Synthesis connecting knowledge to other
knowledge and devising something new
Evaluation judging knowledge

Why is Critical Thinking


important?
Critical thinking prepares person to
educate themselves for the rest of their
lives
Critical thinking skills are necessary for
success in many fields
Critical thinkers are less likely to just go
along with the crowd,

CT GAME 1-IDEA SHOWERS

Read the instruction, and then do the activity


at the end:
Select any potential product to be improved.
Next, list out 15 improvements or innovation which able
to enhance the product features

Based on previous selected product to be


improved, answer following Osborn question
check list.

Modify- how could I change this product?

Magnify- how could I add to this product?

Minify- what could I take away from this product

Substitute- what could I use instead of this product or


portion of it?

Rearrange- how could improved/change products norm


operation

Reverse-how could I turn this product


operation/features around?

Combine what could I put together to make a new


product?

SO, HOW DID YOU FELT AFTER


THE GAME?

ITS A SIMPLE GAME CALLED

BASIC IDEA GENERATION FOR NO


BRAINERS,
ARTHUR B. VANGUNDY, 2005

Challenges and Barriers to CT


fear
Impulsiveness
Overdependence Missing the meaning
Inflexibility
Lack of confidence
Dogmatic/assertive behavior
Inability to concentrate
Unwillingness to think

(Raths, et al., 1986)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=pla
yer_detailpage&v=XFNbbVTNTl0