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bear on +

have to do with

This information may bear on this


I think I need to take my car to the mechanic

because it's acting up again.

bear up


I didn't think he would bear up so well

in that situation.

calculate a sum

I added up the receipts and it totaled $135.46.

bear up under +


How did he bear up under such

extreme pressure.

equal an amount

The total expenses added up to $325.00.

bear with +

be patient

Please bear with me while I fill out the


Phrasal Verb



act up

behave or function

add * up +
add up to +
add up

make sense

Her story doesn't add up. I think she is lying.

ask * out +

invite on a date

I can't believe that Joe finally asked me out on a


blow in

visit unexpectedly (inf.)

My cousin blew in unexpectedly with

his entire family.

ask * over +

invite to one's home

Why don't we ask the Johnsons over for dinner?

blow over

pass without creating a


All this negative publicity will blow

over in a couple of weeks.

blow * up +

make explode;destroy using


The terrorists blew the bridge up.

blow up


The bomb blew up before they could

defuse it.

blow up

suddenly become very angry

When Joan heard the news, she blew

up and rushed out of the room.

break * down +

analyze in detail

We need to break this problem down

in order to solve.

break down

stop working properly

The truck broke down in the desert.

break down

become mentally ill

She broke down after her husband


break * in +

wear or use something new

until it is comfortable

I need to break these shoes in before I

go hiking.

break in


While we were discussing the

situation, Terri broke in to give her

back down

stop defending your opinion

in a debate

Jane never backs down. She always

wins arguments.

back out

not keep (a promise,


Sam backed out at the last second.

back out of +

not keep (a promise,

agreement, deal)

Sam backed out of the agreement at

the last second.

back * up +

give support

You need examples to back up your


back up

move backwards, reverse

Could you back up a little so I can

open this drawer.

bawl * out

criticize, reprimand (inf.)

She bawled him out for arriving late.

bear down on +


The soldier had to bear down on the

leather strap while the doctor removed
a bullet from the soldier's arm.

bear down on +

take strong measures against

The U.S.A. is bearing down on drug


break in

enter a place unlawfully

The burglar broke in between

midnight and 3 AM.

break in on +

interrupt (a conversation)

Jane broke in on the conversation and

told us to get back to work.

break into +

break into +

break * off +

enter a house unlawfully

interrupt (a conversation)

end something


difficult, but I brought a new

appreciation for life away from the

bring * off +

succeed at something difficult

or unexpected

You robbed the bank! I can't believe

you brought that off.

The burglar broke into the house

between midnight and 3 AM.

bring * on +

cause something

I can't believe she got so angry. What

brought that on?

Jane broke into the conversation and

told us what she knew.

bring * out +

highlight, stress

Your new shirt brings out the color of

your eyes.

Sally broke her engagement to John


bring * over +

bring to someone's house

When you visit me, why don't you

bring over your son.

break out

appear violently

Violent protests broke out in response

to the military coup.

bring * to

revive consciousness

We used smelling salts to bring her to

after she fainted.

break out +

use something extravagant for


He broke out the champagne to

celebrate his promotion.

bring * up +


I didn't want to bring up the fact that

she was unemployed.

break out of +


The murderer broke out of the prison.

bring * up +

raise ( a child)

Sam was brought up in South


brush * off +

ignore something or someone


Mary brushed her ex-boyfriend off at

the party.

burn * down +

destroy by setting fire to

The children burned the house down

while playing with matches.

burn down

burn until completely gone


Two buildings burnt down in the fire.

burn up

be hot

I am burning up in here - open the


burn up

consume by fire

The papers were burned up in the fire.

break * up +

break * up +

break up

bring * about +

bring * along +

bring * around

bring * away

break into pieces

disperse (a crowd), stop (a

end a relationship

cause to happen

bring with

I broke the cracker up into pieces and

put it in the soup.
The police broke the demonstration up
before it got out of control.
Sam and Diane broke up again. What
a rocky relationship.
Democracy brought about great
change in the lives of the people.
When we go to the forest, bring your
wildlife guide along.

change someone's mind,

convince someone

She doesn't want to go, but we'll

eventually bring her around.

burn * up +

destroy by fire

He burnt up the files.

learn or gain (from an

My trip across the Sahara was

buy * out +

buy the shares of a company

Pacific Inc. was bought out by a

buy * up +

or the shares the other person

owns of a business

company from Oregon.

carry * out +

complete and/or accomplish


The secret agent carried out his

orders exactly as planned.

purchase the entire supply of


We bought up all the beer in the store.

carry * over +

continue on a subsequent day,

page, etc.

The meeting carried over into

lunch time.

catch on

slowly start to understand


He caught on after a few minutes.

catch up

make up for lost time

I will never catch up. I am too

behind in my work.

catch up with +

speed up to be at the same

place as a person or thing in
front of you

I had to run to catch up with the


catch up on +

become up-to-date

I need to catch up on world

events. I haven't seen the news in

call for +

require (as in a recipe)

This recipe calls for milk, not


call * off +

cancel something

They called the picnic off because

of the rain.

call * off +

order to stop (an invasion,

guard dogs)

He called off the dogs when he

saw it was his neighbor.

call on +


Mark called on Naomi while he

was in town.

call on +

invite someone to speak in a

meeting or a classroom

Professor Tanzer called on Tim to

answer the question.

check back

return to see if everything is


We will check back tomorrow to

make sure the project is finished.

call * up +


I called Sam up to see if he wanted

to go to the movies.

check by +

go to a place to see if
everything is OK

We need to check by the office to

see if the documents are ready.

calm * down +

make someone relax

You can calm the baby down by

rocking her gently.

check for +

try to find

They checked for termites before

they bought the house.

care for +

nurse someone or something

He cared for the bird until its

wing healed.

check in

enter a hospital, hotel etc.

They need to check in before


care for +

like someone or something

I don't care for sour cream on my


check into +

enter a hospital, hotel etc.

They checked into the hotel at

11:00 AM.

carry on +

continue (a conversation, a

Please, carry on. I didn't mean to

interrupt you.

check into +

investigate, look for (often

through a service)

We are checking into discount

flights to London.

carry on about +

continue in an annoying way

He kept carrying on about how

much money he makes.

check * off +

make a mark next to (an item

on a list)

Check each name off the list.

carry on with +


I want you to carry on with the

project while I am out of town.

check on +

make sure something is OK

Let's check on the baby again

before we go to sleep.

check * out +

investigate, take a look at

He checked out the new

restaurant down the street.

check out

leave a hotel, hospital

check out of +

leave a hotel, hospital

close * down +

close a place permanently

The corner market closed down

because they didn't have many

It's already eleven. We need to

check out.

close down

close permanently

The bar was closed down because

they served alcohol to minors.

We checked out of the hotel before


close in on +

approach and threaten

The rebels were closing in on the

capital, so the government called
in the army.

close * up +

close temporarily

They are closing the ski resort up

for the summer.

close up

close temporarily

The ski resort is closing up for the


come about

occur / happen

How did you idea for the book

come about.

come across +

discover by accident

They came across some lost

Mayan ruins in the jungle.

come across +

initially seem or have the


He comes across as rather rude,

but he isn't.

come along

accompany someone

If you want, you can come along.

come along with +


Sam came along with us to the


come along


How's the research paper coming


come along with +


How are you coming along with

the research paper.

come away

leave a place with a particular

feeling or impression

I came away from the meeting

feeling like the presentation was a

come back


What time are you coming back?

check * over +

closely examine the condition

of something

He checked over the old car to see

if it was worth buying.

check up on +

investigate someone or

The police are checking up on the

bomb threats.

check * through

send luggage through (to a


Your luggage will be checked

through to Paris.

check with +

ask a person for confirmation

He needs to check with his

parents before he goes.

cheer * up

make someone feel cheerful

The party really cheered me up.

cheer up

become cheerful

Cheer up. Everything will be all


chew * up +

chew into small pieces

The dog chewed up my shoe.

chop * down +

fell/cut ( a tree)

The lumberjack chopped the tree


chop * up +

chop/cut into small bits

He chopped the meat up into little


clean * up +


Susan cleaned the mess up before

she left.

clear out

leave ( inf.)

Everybody clear out! We're closed.

clear * up +


Susan cleared up the mess before

she left.

come by +

get, receive

How did you come by that new


count * in +


Did you count expenses in?

come by

visit a person at their house

I'll come by later this afternoon.

count on +

depend/rely on

You can really count on Sarah.

come down with +

become sick with

He came down with the flu.

count * out +


You can count James out. He hates

playing poker.

come into +


He came into a large sum of

money when his aunt died.

count * up +


Count the change up and see how

much we have.

come off +

fall off, break off

The handle came off the suitcase

when I picked it up.

cross * out +

draw a line through something,


Why did you cross my name out

on the list?

come out


I didn't see the car at first. It came

out of nowhere.

cut down

decrease the amount of

You eat too much fat. You need to

cut down.

come out

reveal you are homosexual

Sam finally came out last month.

cut down on +

decrease the amount of

You need to cut down on your fat


come out

turn out, end up

The pictures came out great.

cut in


Microsoft is coming out with a

new video game system next

She suddenly cut in and delivered

the news

cut in on +


She cut in on the conversation and

delivered the news.

Why don't you come over after

work for dinner.

cut * off

interrupt someone while they

were speaking

She cut him off before he said

something he would regret later.

cut * off +

sever ( with a knife)

His finger was accidentally cut off

in an industrial accident.

cut * out +


He cut the bone out of the steak.

cut * out

stop an action

Cut it out! You're bothering me.

cut * up +

Cut into small pieces

He cut the beef up and put the

pieces in the soup.

come out with +

come over

produce and distribute a


visit someone at their house

come to

regain consciousness

Don't worry! She faints all the

time. She always comes to after a
few minutes.

come through

do what is needed or expected

Terry really came through for us

in the end.

come up to +

approach; to equal

The job offer didn't come up to her


come up with +

produce or create (an idea, a


She came up with a great proposal

for the new advertising campaign.

come with +

include (an accessory)

The computer system doesn't

come with a printer.

die away

diminish in intensity

The applause died away after 5


die down

diminish in intensity

The controversy about the president's

affair finally died down.

drop out of +

quit an organized activity


It's difficult to get a good job if you

drop out of high school.

die off/out

become extinct

Whales are in danger of dying off.

drop over

visit someone casually

Drop over any time you feel like


disagree with +

cause to feel sick due to food

or drink

Spicy food disagrees with me.

do away with


Some Americans want to do away with

the death penalty.

do * over +


You made many mistakes, so I want

you to do the report over.

do without +

manage without something

one wants or needs

I couldn't do without a car in


draw * up +

create ( a contract)

Let's draw an agreement up before we

go any further with this project.

dress * down

reprimand severely

dress down

eat away

gradually destroy, erode

The heavy rains ate away at the sandstone cliffs.

eat * up +


Ken ate the cookies up.

eat in

eat inside the home

We usually eat in instead of going out for dinner.

eat out

eat outside the home

They eat out once a week.

face up to +

acknowledge something
difficult or embarrassing

I'll never be able to face up to my

colleagues after getting so drunk last night
at the work party.

The mother dressed her son down for

skipping school.

fall back on +

be able to use in case of


Yuki can fall back on her degree in biology

if she doesn't succeed in her acting career.

dress casually

I am dressing down because we're

going to a barbecue by the beach.

fall behind

go slower than scheduled,


Hurry up or you will fall behind!

dress * up +


You could dress this house up with

some bright colors

fall behind in +

go slower than scheduled,


Cheryl has missed several days of school

and now she is falling behind in her

dress up

wear elegant clothes

She always dresses up at work.

fall off


Interest in the project fell off when they

realized it wouldn't be profitable.

fall out with +

have an argument with

I had a falling out with my sister last

month and we haven't talked to each other

fall through

fail to happen

Unfortunately, my trip to Indonesia fell

through because I couldn't save enough

feel * up +


She sued her boss for sexual harassment

after he felt her up.

drive * back +


The invaders were driven back by the


drop in

visit someone unexpectedly

Meg dropped in yesterday after dinner.

drop in on +

visit someone unexpectedly

Let's drop in on Julie since we're

driving by her house.

drop out

quit an organized activity

Yuri isn't on the team any more. He

dropped out.

feel up to +

have the energy to do


I don't feel up to going out tonight because

I had a long day at work.

get ahead of +


You need to work overtime in

order to get ahead of schedule.

figure on +


Where do you figure on living when you

move to the the U.S.A.?

get along

have a good relationship

Do you and your sister get along?

get along with +

have a good relationship

figure * out +

solve something,

I finally figured the joke out. Now I

understand why everybody was laughing.

Giovanna doesn't get along with

her two brothers.

get around +

avoid someone or something

figure * up +


I need to figure my expenses up before I

give you an estimate.

Some people get around paying

taxes by hiring a good

fill * in +


Don't forget to fill in all the blanks on the


get around

go many places

It's easy to get around town with

public transportation.

fill in


Who is going to fill in while you're gone?

get away


The bank robbers got away.

fill in for +

substitute for

Miguel filled in for me at the meeting

yesterday because I was sick.

get away with +

do something against the rules

or illegal and not get caught or

My sister gets away with


fill * out +

complete (an application)

I filled out an application to rent the

apartment last week.

get by

survive without having the

things you need or want

I lost my job, so I am having a

hard time getting by this year.

fill out

mature, get breasts

Now that you're filling out honey, we need

to get you a bra.

get by on +

survive with minimal


It's nearly impossible to get by on

making minimum wage.

fill * up +

fill to the top

Fill the car up with unleaded gas, please.

get by with +

manage with

You don't need a computer. You

can get by with the typewriter.

get down to +

get serious about a topic

Enough small talk. Let's get

down to business.

get in +

enter ( a car, a small boat)

Get in the front seat. You will

have more leg room.

get in


Get in. I will give you a ride to


get * off +

send (a package)

I finally got my sister's birthday

present off yesterday.

find out +


You will never find out all my secrets!

find out


Vicky's parents are going to be so mad

when they find out she got a tattoo.

fix * up +

repair, renovate, remodel

My neighbors are fixing their house up.

get * across +

get ahead

cause to be understood

make progress

It's difficult to get humor across

in another language.
I can't get ahead even though I
work two jobs.

get * off

remove ( a spider from your


Can you get this spider off my


get through


The door was jammed, so we

couldn't get through.

get off +

leave (a bus, plane, train, boat)

We need to get off the bus at the

next stop.

get through (with) +


Have you gotten through with

your homework yet?

get off


It's dangerous to sit on the roof.

Get off!

get through to +

make contact

It's hard to get through to Janet

because her telephone line is
always busy.

get off

idiomatic phrase - How does

he justify saying that?!

Where does he get off saying


get * up

get * on

put on (clothes)

You should get your jacket on

because it's going to be cold.

cause someone to rise (from a

sitting position or a lying

Ahmed got Abdul up at 5:30 in

the morning by turning the music
up really loud.

get up

get on

enter (a bus, train), mount (a

horse, a bike)

The train is leaving. Quick, get


rise (from sitting position or a


What time did you get up this


give * away +
get on +

enter (a bus, train), mount ( a

horse, a bike)

Get on my bike and I will give

you a ride home.

give something without

asking for anything in

Why did Nancy give all of her

furniture away?

get on

Have a good relationship

Natasha doesn't get on with her


give * away +

betray (a secret)

get on with +

Have a good relationship

Do you get on with your


We are having a surprise party

for Susan next Saturday, so don't
give our surprise away by acting

give * back +

return something you


When are you going to give that

book back to your teacher?

give in

stop trying

Never give in! You can do it!

get on with +

continue an activity

Now that the police have left,

let's get on with the party!

get out of +

exit (a small boat, car, an

enclosed area)

I fell into the water when I tried

to get out of the canoe.

give off +

release (a smell, light)

That white flower gives off a

beautiful smell.

get over +

recover (a cold, a disease, an


Jennifer still hasn't gotten over

her breakup with Peter.

give * out +


I earn extra money by giving out

brochures on the street.

get through +


We will never get through all of

these boxes by 9:00 PM.

give out

become very tired (inf.)

I hope this car doesn't give out in

the middle of the desert.

get through +


We need a stronger drill to get

through this wall.

give * up +

surrender something

The police told the thief to give

his gun up.

give up


Never give up learning English!

go on


Please, go on. Don't let me

interrupt you.

go away


I yelled at the dogs to make them

go away.

go on


This place is a mess! What went

on here last night?

When are you going back to your


go on with +

continue ( a plan, a

I think we should go on with the

meeting and stop wasting time.

go past, go close to, visit


We go by the coffee shop


go out

stop burning ( a fire)

The fire went out after three


not keep (one's word, a


Don't trust him. He always goes

back on his promises.

go out

take part in social activities

(usually at night)

They love to go out every

Saturday night.


The cost of flight tickets is going


go over +


Do you usually go over your

notes before class?

Our team is going for the gold

medal in the Olympics.

go over

be well received, succeed

That didn't go over well.

go back

go by +

go back on +

go down

go for +


try to achieve

go for

idiomatic phrase - I am
craving pepperoni pizza.

I could go for pepperoni pizza.

go through +

examine in detail, study


I need to have my lawyer go

through this contract before I
sign it.

go in for +

participate ( inf.)

Are you going to go in for soccer

this year at school?

go through +

endure; experience challenges,

difficulties or traumas

She has gone through so much in

her life.

go into +

discuss in detail

I really don't want to go into that


go through with +

continue or proceed despite

difficulties or fears

I have decided to go through

with the operation.

The bomb could go off at any


go with +

match (clothing)

That shirt doesn't go with those


begin, start (used with signals,

alarms, warning sounds)

The alarm clock went off at 6:00


go with +

accompany a person

I am going with Alejandro to the


stop (said of a machine)

The DVD player goes off

automatically if you are not using

go with +

have a boyfriend/girlfriend

I am going with Yuri.

go without +

abstain from something you

want or need

A person can go without water

for three days.

grow under

go out of business

The restaurant went under after

go off

go off

go off

go off


become angry

Maria went off last night after I

told her about losing her bike.

grow up


it lost its liquor license.

have * over

invite guests to your


Why don't we have Mr. and Mrs. Jones over

for dinner tonight.

Your brother needs to grow up

and start thinking about his

hear from +

receive news from (a

letter, an e-mail)

Have you heard from Steve lately?

hear of +

know about
something or

Have you heard of chocolate covered ants?

hand * back +


Is the teacher going to hand back our tests


hand * down +

pronounce formally

The president is going to hand his decision

down on health care tonight.

hit on +

find on accident

I hit on the idea while watching the

Simpsons show.

hand * down +

give as an inheritance

When my clothes got too small for me as a

child, I handed them down to my sister.

hit on +

flirt with

Jay's friend Marc was trying to hit on my

sister last night.

hand * in +


I have to hand in an offer by March 12.

hold * back +


The police held the demonstrators back

while the politicians entered the building.

hand * out +


We should hand the concert fliers out at


hold back

not allow to advance

in school

The teacher held Frank back a year, so he

couldn't enter fifth grade.

hand * over +

relinquish control of

Hand your car keys over. You're too drunk

to drive.

hold * off +


Mr. Johnson held the dog off while we

crossed the yard.

hang around +

stay in a place for fun

( inf.)

Maria and Salvador usually hang around

the beach after school.

hold off on +


We should hold off on making dinner until

your parents arrive.

hang around

stay in a place for fun

Those guys just hang around all day.

hold on

grasp tightly

hang * up +

suspend (clothes on a

You can hang your jacket up in the front


Hold on tight! The roller coaster is about to

take off.

hold on

Hold on a minute. I'll get Carol.

put down the

telephone receiver

Don't hang up. I'm going to change phones.

tell someone to wait

on the telephone

hold on to +

grasp tightly

stay in a place for fun


Let's go hang out at the mall tonight.

Make sure you hold on to the hand rail as

you walk down the stairs.

hold out

stay in a place for fun

What are you doing? - - I'm just hanging


not give in, continue

to resist

Stop holding out and tell us where you

found all of these old records.

hold out against +

not give in, resist

They held out against enemy attack.

hang up

hang out +

hang out

have * on +


Do you have your hiking boots on?

hold * up +

delay (a flight, traffic);

The accident held traffic up for an hour.

hold * up +

rob (a bank, a person)

with a weapon

Five men held the bank up yesterday.

iron *


jack up +

climbing on to something
keep on


He kept on talking after everybody

asked him to stop.

keep * out

prevent from entering

Keep the dog out of the garden; he

keeps digging up the flowers.

keep * over

cover something with, put

something above

I keep a tarp over my bicycle at night

to prevent it from getting wet.

keep to +

continue, persist in (an


Everybody said she would never

finish the puzzle, but she kept to it
until it was done.

keep up

stay on the required schedule

You have to keep up if you want to

work here.

keep * up +


You are doing a great job! Keep it up.

keep up with +

stay on schedule with (a

person, the workload,

I have so much reading that I can't

keep up with the writing exercises.

lay away +

save for the future

Why don't you lay away your

wedding outfit?

lay down +

establish (laws, rules)

Lori lays down the law in her class.

English only!

lay in on +

scold or criticize severely

My mom really laid in on me when I

got home at 4:00 in the morning last

We need to have a meeting this week in order to iron out the

distribution problems.

to raise

We need to jack up the car before we

change the tire.


to be humorous

Mike is always joking around at work.

jump in

enter a conversation

Feel free to jump in at any moment while

we are talking.

jump to +

make a quick, poorly thought

out decision

You shouldn't jump to conclusions.

Keep * around

have handy, have accessible

I always keep a dictionary around to

translate new words.

keep at +

not give up (an activity), to


You should keep at your studies.

keep * away

prevent access to, hold back

Keep the kids away from the cookies.

keep * back

maintain a safe distance, cause

to maintain a safe distance

Keep back! The burning building is

about to collapse.

keep * down

not vomit, not throw up, keep

in one's stomach

If I ate that, I down know if I could

keep it down.

lay into +

scold or criticize severely

I saw Reto's mom lay into him when

he came home late last night.

keep * in

keep in a particular place,

have something in a specific

When I am not using it, I keep my

passport in this drawer.

lay * off +

suspend someone from a job

(during a slow period)

The company was losing money, so

they had to lay off 100 workers.

keep * off

prevent from stepping or

Keep the cat off the couch.

lay * out +


Why don't we lay the pieces of the

table out before we put it together.

leave * out +

not include, omit

Why did your parents leave you out

of their vacation plans?

look after +

take care of (a child, a house, a


When my sister goes on vacation, I

look after her dog.

let * down


I felt let down when I didn't receive

a birthday card from my sister.

look back on +

to remember nostalgically

When I look back on my childhood,

I often feel angry.

let * down

lengthen (pants in sewing)

My uncle is a tailor, so he can let

your pants down.

look down on +

see as inferior

She's so conceited. She looks down

on everybody else.

let * out


I am happy my brother was let out

of prison early.

look for +

to seek or search for

I'm looking for my keys. Have you

seen them?

let * out

make bigger (in sewing)

I need to let out this skirt because I

have gained weight.

look forward to +

anticipate with pleasure

I am looking forward to traveling to

New York next year.

let up

weaken in intensity

I told her NO a thousand times, but

she won't let up.

look into +


The police are looking into the


lie down

rest, recline

I need to lie down before we go out


look on

observe as a spectator

Everybody just looked on as the two

men fought.

lie down on +

rest, recline ( on a couch, bed)

I'm going to lie down on the sofa for

a while.

look out

be careful, pay attention, heed

a certain danger

Look out, there's a black widow

spider on the wall.

lie with +

be decided by

Whether or not you can go to the

party lies with your father.

look * over +

examine, review

When I'm camping, I look my shoes

over before I put them on.

light * up +


Let's get some candles to light this

room up.

look * up +

search for (in a dictionary)

I takes time to look up new

vocabulary words.

light up +

to smoke

Do you have to light up another

cigarette? I thought you were trying
to cut down.

look * up +

locate and visit

If you ever travel to California, you

should look me up.

look up to +

respect, admire someone

He looks up to his father.

live * down +

live in a way that a shameful

or embarrassing event is

Jose will never live down singing

that song at the karaoke bar.

live on +

survive from

I could live on bread and cheese.

live up to +

keep a standard

It would be hard to live up to her

parent's expectations. They are so

make * out


I can't make out your handwriting. What

does this say?

make * out +

write a check or other


Who should I make this check out to?

make out


He really made out in the stock market last


make out


How is your son making out in his new job?

make out

make out with +

kiss passionately

kiss someone

nose around +

sneak around

occur to +

pop into one's mind,

come to one's mind

It didn't occur to us that we had left the iron


open up

share feelings

I'm glad that John feels comfortable enough

around me to open up.

out to + verb

try to

She is out to get revenge now that her

husband left her for another woman.

I saw Benno and Isabelle making out in the

movie theater last night!
Did you make out with Sally?

make * over

do again

The teacher made me do my homework over.

make * up +

invent ( a story)

Don't believe anything she says. She always

makes things up.

make * up +

complete what was


Fortunately, my professor let me make up the

exam I missed yesterday.

make * up +

put on cosmetics

I takes me 10 minutes to make my face up.

make up


You two have been friends for so long that I

think you should make up.

I hate it when my mother noses around

my room.

make up for +

compensate for

Allen made up for being late by getting me


mix * up +


I sometimes mix the verb tenses up.

mix * up +


We need to mix up these different kinds of

nuts before we put them in a bowl.

mix * up +

make lively (a party)

Let's mix up this party with a little disco


name * after +

nod off

name a child using another

family member's name

I was named after my grandfather.

fall asleep

The movie was so boring that I nodded

off before it was finished.

pan out

be successful, turn out well

The trip to Vegas didn't pan out.

pass away


After battling cancer for several years,

he finally passed away at the age of

pass * off +

try to convince someone that

something is real

He tried to pass the fake watch off as a

real Rolex.

pass * on +


Please pass this message on to your


pass on +

not accept (an invitation to eat

or do something)

Jennifer passed on the invitation to

join us for dinner.

pass on


I am afraid Professor Johnson has

passed on.

pass * out +


We need to pass out these flyers for

the concert tomorrow.

pass out

become unconscious

He passed out because the room was

too hot.

pass * up +

not take advantage (of an


I can't believe she passed up the

opportunity to study in Rome.

pay * back +


If I loan you money, will you pay me


pay * off +

complete payment on a debt

It took me ten years to pay off my

credit card debt.

pull in

park (a vehicle)

Mark pulled in too quickly and

crashed into the wall.

pay * off +

to bribe

Don't try to pay the police officer off if

you get pulled over for speeding.

pull out

depart (a vehicle)

Our train pulls out at 8:00, so don't be


pick on +

to tease, bully

She keeps picking on me! Make her


pull through

barely survive

I didn't think she was going to make

it, but she pulled through in the end.

pick * out +


Diane picked out a lovely dress for the


put * across +

communicate (an idea or

suggestion) clearly so that it is

I thought Ms. Smith put her ideas

across rather clearly in the meeting.

pick * up +

to lift an object with the hands

Keep your back straight when you lift

the TV up.

put * away +

return to the proper place of


I told you kids to put your toys away.

put * down +

insult, say bad things about

She always puts down people who

don't share her opinions.

put in +

officially submit a request (in

the armed forces or public

He put in for a transfer to the division

in Los Angeles.

put * off +


Don't put off your work - do it now!

pick * up +

come and get someone in a car

What time are you going to pick me


pick * up +

learn something without effort

It's possible to pick up enough English

in two weeks to get by on your trip to
Los Angeles.

pick * up +

try to initiate a relationship with

someone (often in a bar)

Some weird guy tried to pick Patricia

up at the bar.

pick up

grow, increase (inf.)

Business is really picking up this


put * on +


Make sure you put on a sweater

before you go outside.

play * down

make less important (inf.)

The President played down his affair

with the intern.

put * on +


I didn't believe a thing he said. I think

he was putting me on.

play * up

highlight something (inf.)

She played up her part in the new

movie, but it was actually a very small

put * out +

extinguish (a fire)

Don't use water to put out a grease


put * out +

inconvenience someone

play up to +

flatter someone for your

personal advantage

She has been playing up to the boss

because she wants a promotion.

I don't want to put you out, but could

you pick me up at the airport.

put out +
point * out +


I'd like to point out that figures in

column two might be outdated.

spend (usually used with

unreasonably large sums of

I can't put out that much money each


pull down


He pulls down about $300,000 a year.

put * up

have a guest stay in your house

for a short time

Can you put me up while I'm in town.

put up with


Sandy will not put up with smoking in

her house.

quiet * down +

be quiet, or cause
to be quiet

meet unexpectedly

I ran into my English teacher at the

movies last night. She's so nice!

run * off +

make leave

The new government is trying to run

the drug traffickers off.

run * off

reproduce (photocopies)

Would you mind running off 10 copies

of this document for me?

run off

leave quickly

Why did you run off after the party?

run off

waste water

You shouldn't swim where the sewage

runs off into the ocean.

run out of +

not have any more of


We ran out of milk this morning, so we

need to go to the store.

The neighbors told us to quiet down last night or

they would call the police.

read up on +

run into +

research a topic for a reason

I need to read up on the company

before I go on the job interview.

ring * up


Jack rung me up last night at 3:00 in the


rule * out +


I wouldn't rule out the possibility of

moving to another country if I get a
good job offer.

run across +

find or meet unexpectedly

I ran across some old photos while I

was cleaning my house.

save * up +

accumulate (money)

I hope I will be able to save up

enough money to go to school.

run against +

compete in an election

Gore ran against Bush in the 2000

elections in the U.S.A.

see about +

arrange or consider something

My dad said he was going to see

about buying me a car.

run away

leave home permanently

before you are a legal adult

The child ran away because her parents

beat her.

see * off

say good-bye to someone at the

beginning of their trip (at the
airport, train station)

Did you see your sister off at the

train station?

run away from +

escape from

The child ran away from its parents.

see to +

run * down


Have you run down those phone

numbers I asked for last week?

make sure something happens,


I'll see to it that Mr. Ramirez gets

your message.

see * through
run * down


My boss runs everyone down.

finish something despite


Are you going to be able to see your

studies through now that you have a

run * down

hit with a car

My dog was run down by a bus.

sell * out

tell on someone

run down

loose power, be very tired

You need to wind your watch so it

doesn't run down.

My partner in crime sold me out for

a reduced jail sentence.

set * up

arrange a relationship

run for +

campaign for a government


Gore is running for president of the


My mom set me up with her friend's


set * up

falsely incriminate a person

I don't think he killed those men.

Somebody set him up.

set up +

arrange (an appointment, a


I set up an appointment with my

doctor at 3:30 this afternoon.

stand for +


SCUBA stands for "self contained

underwater breathing apparatus."

settle on +

make a decision after a period of


I settled on the job at the oil


stand for +


I won't stand for people criticizing


settle up

pay one's debts

We need to settle up before you


stand out

be very noticeable

Soledad is so beautiful! She really

stands out in a crowd.

show * off +

show to everybody with a lot of


He always shows off his new things.

stand * up

not arrive to a date or an

appointment (inf.)

I arranged to meet Joe at the library

at 8:00, but he stood me up. I hope
he has a good excuse.

show off

boast, draw attention to oneself

Young boys show off in order to

impress girls.

stand up for +

defend (something one believes


Every individual must stand up for

what they believe in.

show * up

make someone seem inferior

He's always trying to show up his

co-workers in order to get ahead.

stand up to +

defend oneself against someone

or something

show up

arrive without previous notice

I hadn't seen my cousin for years,

and all of a sudden, he showed up at
my workplace yesterday!

I think you should stand up to your

older brother and tell him to stop
pushing you around.

stay over

spend the night at a person's


It takes you so long to take the bus

home, so why don't you just stay

stick it to +

severely criticize a person (inf.)

My boss really stuck it to me when I

arrived late to work for the third
time this week.

stick to +

persevere, keep trying

Even though English is a hard

language to master, you must stick
to it!

stick up for +

defend oneself or opinions

Joseph joined the army because he

believes he must stick up for his

shut * off

stop from functioning

If you don't pay your electric bill,

your power is going to get shut off.

shut * up

make quiet

Would someone shut him up! He's

talking so loudly that we're going to
get in trouble.

slow * down +

make move more slowly

Because Mary's level in English is

lower than the rest of the students,
she slows the class down.

slow * up +

spell * out +

stand by

make move more slowly

to explain something in a
detailed way so that the meaning
is clearly understood

Because Mary's level in English is

lower than the rest of the students,
she slows the class up.
He's so stupid that you have to spell
everything our for him.

I need you to stand by and answer

the phone when my broker calls.

take after +

resemble a parent or relative

I take after my father. Who do you

take after?

take * away +

remove, seize or capture

The soldiers took the captives away.

take * back +

retract something you said

I demand that you take back what

you said.
take * back +

return an item to a store

The dress my grandmother bought

for me didn't fit, so I took it back and
exchanged it for a pair of pants.

take * down +

write down what is said

Would you mind taking down my

messages while I am on vacation?

take * down +

remove (from a high place)

The city government made the shop

take down their bright, neon sign.

take * for

consider, view as

Do you take me for an idiot?

take * in +


take * in +
take * in +

take * out +

accompany a person on a
date (for dinner, the movies)

I can't meet you tonight because I am

taking Fernanda out to dinner.

take * up +

begin a new hobby

Have you taken up any new hobbies

since you moved here?

take * up +

discuss (at a later date)

We should take this issue up in the

meeting tomorrow.

take * up +

shorten a garment when


This dress is too long, I am going to

take it up.

Are you taking in all of these phrasal


take up +

occupy space

This couch takes up too much space

in the living room.

deceive a person

He was taken in by the con artist.

talk back

respond in an impolite way

to an adult

Don't talk back!

make smaller when sewing

I lost weight, so I need to take some

of my skirts to the tailor to have them
taken in.

talk back to +

respond in an impolite way

to an adult

Children should not talk back to their


talk * over +


I hope my parents talk their

relationship problems over before
they get divorced.

tear * down +


The county decided to tear down the

dilapidated school and build a new

tear * up +

tear or rip into small pieces

I always tear up my personal papers

before I throw them out.

tell * off +

criticize a person severely,

reprimand (inf.)

Carolina told me off when she found

out I was gossiping about her date
with Martin.

tell on +

report a crime to the police

or bad behavior to a parent

Every time I did something wrong

when I was a child, my sister would
tell on me.

think * over +


Think over the offer before you sign

take * off

when a plane or rocket

leaves the ground

My stomach felt funny when the

plane took off.

take * off +


In many cultures, it is appropriate to

take off your shoes when entering a

take * off +

take off

Vice-president will take over.

leave work or school for a

period of time

I was sick last week, so I took a few

days off of work.


We took off after dinner.

take on +

accept (responsibilities,

She has taken on too much

responsibility in this project.

take * over +

take control of

Who is going to take over the family

business when Aretha's father dies?

take over

take control of

If the President is assassinated, the

think * through +

think * up +

consider carefully

create or invent a false story

the contract.

turn * around

change or reverse direction

Turn the car around and go back


You need to think this through

carefully before you make a decision.

turn * down +

refuse an offer; reject an


She turned down the new job in New

York, because she didn't want to

turn * down +

lower the volume or

intensity of a TV, radio, or
other machine

I'm studying! Please turn down the


turn * in


You need to turn your essays in next


turn in

go to bed (inf.)

It's getting late. I think it is about time

to turn in.

turn into +

become something different,


When she kissed the frog, it turned

into a handsome prince.

turn * off +

stop the function of (a stove,

a water faucet, a car, etc.)

Don't forget to turn off the iron before

you leave the house.

turn on +

attack unexpectedly

The pit bull suddenly turned on the

small child.

turn * on

cause to be excited sexually

Scientists have discovered that the

smell of cinnamon turns many people

turn * on +

start the function of a TV, a

radio, a machine

Turn on the TV. The baseball game

starts in a few minutes.

turn * out


The weavers can turn out two or

three rugs a month.

turn * out

switch off a light

Turn out the light before you go to


turn out

audience members to a

Over 100,000 people turned out for

the concert.

turn out

end up being

She turned out to be the murderer

I need to think up an excuse for not

going to her party.

throw * away +


Don't throw away those bottles; we

can recycle them.

throw * out +


I asked him not to throw out the

Sunday newspaper because I wanted
to save an article.

throw * out +

remove by force from (a

room, school, a house, etc.)

Mary threw out her roommate

because she stopped paying rent.

throw up


If you drink too much alcohol, you

might throw up.

tie * up +

tie securely

When we dock, make sure you tie the

boat up.

tire * out

touch on +

touch * up

try * on +

try * out

turn * away

cause someone to be very

talk about for a short time

make the final

put on to make sure a piece
of clothing fits

refuse to deal with or give


Speaking English all day tires me out.

The presidential candidates touched

on the subject of health care during
the debates.
We didn't paint the whole kitchen,
we just touched up the cabinets.
Try on the pants before you buy
Try out this massage chair - it feels
They turned us away at the border
because we didn't have visas.

after all.

watch out

be careful

Watch out - there's a rattlesnake!

watch out for +

be careful of

Watch out for snakes while you are

hiking in the desert.

wear off

disappear after a period of time

The affects of the medicine will wear

off after a few hours.

wear * out

use until something is not

useable anymore

If you wear the same shoes everyday,

you'll wear them out.

wear * out

cause to be very tired

Her three kids wore me out.

wind up +

finish (inf.)

If he doesn't get his act together, he is

going to wind up in jail.

wind * up +

tighten the spring of a watch or

similar machine

He wound up the toy dog and set it

on the floor.

wind * up +

cause an animal or a child to

behave wildly

The kids always get wound up when

Uncle Henry comes over.

wipe * out +

massacre or destroy

The tidal wave wiped out the small

fishing village.

wipe * out

cause to be very tired

After surfing all day, I was

completely wiped out.

work * out +


I hope you two can work out your


turn * over

give to authorities (said of

evidence or stolen / lost

They turned the wallet over to the


turn * up +

increase the volume or

intensity of a TV, radio, or
other machine

Turn up the TV. I can't hear what

they're saying.

find unexpectedly

My keys turned up in the bedroom.

turn up
use * up

use all of something

I used up all of the soap, so we need to buy some more.

veer away
from +

stay away from,


I veer away from the same old summer

blockbuster films.

wait on +

serve, service (a table)

Each waitress waits on three different

tables in the restaurant.

wait up

not sleep because you are

waiting for something or

Don't wait up.

not sleep because you are

waiting for someone or

Let's wait up for Mary to see how her

date went.

wake * up +

awaken someone

The car alarm woke me up at 6:00 in

the morning.

work out


I work out three times a week at the

fitness center.

wake up


Wake up. It's time to get ready for


work out

be successful

I am glad your new catering business

is working out.

wash up

clean oneself

Make sure you wash up before


write * down +


Write down the directions so you

don't forget them.

wash * up +


If we work together, we can wash the

kitchen up in a few minutes.

write * out +

write down every word or


He wrote out the lyrics so I could

understand what the singer was

wait up for +

write * up +

prepare a report

He wrote up a business proposal in

order to get a loan.

yak on

to continue talking in an annoying

way ("on" can be repeated for

He just yakked on and on

and on.

yak on about +

to continue talking in an annoying

way about something ("on" can be
repeated for emphasis)

She just yakked on and on

about her husband's new

yammer on

to talk in an annoying way or

complain ("on" can be repeated for

They yammered on and on

and on.

yammer on about +

to talk in an annoying way about

something or complain about ("on"
can be repeated for emphasis)

He just yammered on and

on about how horrible the
waiter was.