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PortalPortal ToTo ProfitabilityProfitability

Portal Portal To To Profitability Profitability Variable Refrigerant Volume HVAC Systems Exploiting Each Kilowatt Jim
Portal Portal To To Profitability Profitability Variable Refrigerant Volume HVAC Systems Exploiting Each Kilowatt Jim

Variable Refrigerant Volume HVAC Systems

Exploiting Each Kilowatt

Jim Dale

28 June 2010

Profitability Variable Refrigerant Volume HVAC Systems Exploiting Each Kilowatt Jim Dale 28 June 2010 © 2006

© 2006 Daikin AC

V R F / V V V ariable ariable R R efrigerant efrigerant F F

V

R

F

/

V

V R F / V V V ariable ariable R R efrigerant efrigerant F F low
V R F / V V V ariable ariable R R efrigerant efrigerant F F low
V R F / V V V ariable ariable R R efrigerant efrigerant F F low

VVariableariable RRefrigerantefrigerant

FFlowlow

VVolumeolume

History

VRV was developed in response to the 1970’s oil crisis and the resulting strict energy efficiency laws in Japan

VRF/V Concept 1- System Simplicity 2- Low Energy consumption 3- Individual Operation 4- Design Flexibility 5- Easy Installation 6- Advanced Control 7- User Comfort 8- Versatile

Introduced in Japan 1982 Introduced in Europe 1987 Introduced in North America 2001

Available VRF/V Suppliers Worldwide

Existing Suppliers Daikin, VRV and VRV-S, VRV-W Mitsubishi Electric , City Multi Hitachi ,Set free Sanyo , Eco Multi Fujitsu , Airstage Panasonic Toshiba MM-S Modular Multi LG , Multi V

Panasonic Toshiba MM-S Modular Multi LG , Multi V Some manufacturers do not have the VR

Some manufacturers do not have the VR technology, but have a multi zone system with an un-loader compressor: Samsung DVM, Midea, Haier

Let’s think of the VRV system as a hot / chilled water system that employs refrigerant instead of water

CentralCentral SystemSystem

refrigerant instead of water Central Central System System Complicated Cooling tower Pump Water piping FCU FCU

Complicated

Cooling

tower

Pump Water piping FCU FCU Pump AHU Inefficient part load operation
Pump
Water piping
FCU
FCU
Pump
AHU
Inefficient part
load operation

For

cooling

For

heating

2 heat sources

Managed by engineer
Managed by
engineer
Simple system Energy efficient Outdoor unit Space-conscious design Refrigerant piping indoor Remote unit
Simple system
Energy efficient
Outdoor
unit
Space-conscious
design
Refrigerant piping
indoor
Remote unit
controller
Individual
control
Simple Operation

EfficientEfficient useuse ofof spacespace

CHILLERCHILLER SYSTEMSYSTEM

Air Handlers requiring equipment rooms VRVVRV SYSTEMSYSTEM 1/3 P P Slide 6 © 2005 Daikin
Air Handlers requiring equipment rooms
VRVVRV SYSTEMSYSTEM
1/3
P
P
Slide 6
© 2005 Daikin AC

Equipment Room

Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date

System Design

System Design Factory set suction temperature. PID (Proportional, Integral & Derivative) - control in every indoor

Factory set suction temperature. PID (Proportional, Integral & Derivative) - control in every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation.

every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular
every indoor unit Complete variable capacity modulation. Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular

Multiple Indoor Units Individual Control Modular Build-up

Energy Saving @ full and part-load Cost Effective Low Noise

VRV Concept

1- System Simplicity Typical Layout

Air cooled shown, also available in water cooled

OutdoorOutdoor UnitUnit

also available in water cooled Outdoor Outdoor Unit Unit • • • • Indoor Indoor Unit
also available in water cooled Outdoor Outdoor Unit Unit • • • • Indoor Indoor Unit
• • • •

IndoorIndoor UnitUnit

Main features:- Energy Saving Individual control

Long refrigerant Piping Wide range of units

Low Noise Level

Less interior space used

Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton
Available fan coil
configurations
From .5 ton to 8 ton
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name :
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name :
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name :
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name :
Available fan coil configurations From .5 ton to 8 ton Presentation Title : Presenter Name :

High Performance Scroll Compressor

The Heart of the system

High Performance Scroll Compressor The Heart of the system • Reluctance DC Motor • Inverter driven

Reluctance DC Motor

Inverter driven

Optimized Scroll (R-410A)

High Pressure Shell

Stronger Shell material

Improved Sealing

Stable oil temperature

Improved efficiency

Improved Reliability

• Improved efficiency • Improved Reliability Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide 10 ©

Electronic Expansion Valve

Motor Body Slide 11
Motor
Body
Slide 11

In Every Indoor Unit

Expansion Valve Motor Body Slide 11 In Every Indoor Unit Bellows Burst pressure 16.68 Mpa Do

Bellows Burst pressure 16.68 Mpa

Do not pressure test with the motor disconnected

Brazing in close proximity without cooling will permanently damage it. Keep below 100ºC

2,000 pulses (Steps) in every valve For precise temperature & humidity control

Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date

© 2005 Daikin AC

Unlike the standard systems the VRV systems comes complete with Direct Digital controls factory installed w/o additional costs other than installation of the communication network

CentralCentral A/CA/C SystemSystem Complicated wiring FCU $ 600 / point 2-6 points / piece of
CentralCentral A/CA/C SystemSystem
Complicated wiring
FCU
$ 600 / point
2-6 points / piece of equipment
wiring FCU $ 600 / point 2-6 points / piece of equipment VRVVRV SystemSystem Simple wiring
VRVVRV SystemSystem Simple wiring All monitoring points included at no cost
VRVVRV SystemSystem
Simple wiring
All monitoring points
included at no cost

VRV Operation -(electric power research institute)

VRV consumed 40-48% less energy and provided a more comfortable environment compared with conventional Ducted System.

environment compared with conventi onal Ducted System. Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide 13
environment compared with conventi onal Ducted System. Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide 13

Multiple stage Mechanical Economizer

example of 6 ton HR with 4 indoor units totaling 6 tons

O-1-TeS:Target_Evap temp. O-1-System_Current O-1-economizer_state 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1
O-1-TeS:Target_Evap
temp.
O-1-System_Current
O-1-economizer_state
45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1
21
41
61
81
101 121 141 161 181 201 221 241 261 281 301 321 341 361 381 401 421 441 461 481 501
Centralized Monitoring and Control via Web Browser Remote monitoring of more than one building Allows

Centralized Monitoring and Control via Web Browser

Remote monitoring of more than one building

Allows each tenant or department to access and manage, via internet, their environment

tment to access and manage, via internet, their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation

Internet

access and manage, via internet, their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation Title :
HQ
HQ

Unified monitoring and control

their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide
their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide
their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide
their environment Internet HQ Unified monitoring and control Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date Slide
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success
Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success

Presentation Title : Presenter Name : Date

How VRV systems can contribute to The success of the “Smart Grid”

: Presenter Name : Date How VRV systems can contribute to The success of the “Smart

Slide 17

© 2005 Daikin AC