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Who does not know Fatmawati Sukarno, he was the First Lady of the First President

of Indonesia, Soekarno, and also known as tailors heritage flag being hoisted at the
time of the proclamation of independence of the Republic of Indonesia on August
17, 1945. Fatmawati Sukarno was born on Monday, 5 February 1923 12:00 Lunch in
the city of Bengkulu, as the only child of the family H. Hassan Din and Siti
Chadidjah. Fatmawati childhood full of challenges and difficulties, due to the colonial
system that is run by the Dutch government. His father, Hassan Din originally Dutch
company personnel, Bersomij in Bengkulu. But because they do not want to leave
his activities as a member of Muhammadiyah, he later left the company. After that,
Hassan Din frequently changing business and moving to a number of cities in
Southern Sumatra.

Not many people know that it is actually a descendant of the kingdom Fatmawati
Indrapura Mukomuko. Din Hassan's father was a descendant of the 6 of the Royal
princess jasmine flowers. Princess jasmine flowers when interpreted is beautiful
daughters, simple, thoughtful. No wonder when Fatmawati have wise and nurturing
nature. The love relationship between Sukarno and Fatmawti initially require a very
severe struggle. In order to get Fatmawati that he loved so much Bung Karno with a
very heavy feeling forced to give up the departure of Mrs. Inggit, a woman who is so
strong and sincere accompany Bung Karno in the struggle for Indonesian
independence. Bitter as outcasts (prisoners Netherlands) is often passed along Bu
Inggit Bung Karno. But history says another. Travel time other wills, Fatmawati
presence among Bung Karno and Mrs. Inggit has changed everything.

Biography Fatmawati Soekarno

In 1943 Bung Karno married Fatmawati, and therefore Fatmawati still in Bengkulu,
while Bung Karno in Jakarta busy with their activities as a leader of the People Power
Center (Son), the marriage was performed by a representative of a relative Bung
Karno, overseer Sardjono. On June 1, 1943, ushered Fatmawati with his parents
went to Jakarta, melalaui road, since it Fatmawati accompany Bung Karno in the
struggle for Indonesian independence. The journey of love this pair of doves, finally
blessed with five children: Guntur, Mega, Rachma, Sukma, and thunder. Not even
their ship sailed home, Sukarno could not resist the turmoil of his love for another
woman named Hartini. This is one of the root causes of the dramatic separation
between Sukarno and Fatmawati.

Friday in the month of Ramadan, at 05.00 am, the dawn of August 17, 1945 in the
eastern horizon radiating time, morning dew still hanging on the edge of the leaf,
the nation's leaders and youth leaders out of the house of Admiral Maeda, to
overcome pride after formulating the text of the Proclamation until dawn . Them,
have agreed to proclaim the independence of Indonesia that day at home Sukarno,
Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 Jakarta, at 10:00 am. At 10:00, with a steady and clear
voice, Sukarno read the proclamation, Freedom shrieked also reverberate
everywhere and finally able to proclaim the independence of Indonesia to the world.

If anyone asks, what is the role of women before the second of proclamation of
independence? Of course we will be reminded of the figure Fatmawati, wife of Bung
Karno. It was he who sew Sang Saka Merah Putih flag. After that, there was a young
woman who brought a tray Trimurti heritage flag and surrender to Latif
Hendraningrat and Soehoed to be flown. And, all attendees Indonesian national
anthem echoed in Pegangsaan 56 East Jakarta. On that day, Mrs. Fatmawati
participated in the ceremony and be doers of the history of Indonesian

One of the points decision Indonesian Independence Preparatory Committee (PPKI)

in its meeting dated August 19, 1945

is to choose the Bung Karno and Moh. Hatta as President and Vice President of the
Republic of Indonesia. On January 4, 1946 Indonesian government center was
moved to Yogyakarta due to circumstances felt increasingly unsafe Jakarta,
following the presence of a bum NICA arrival of allied forces.

Mother Fatmawai and Bung Karno never celebrate wedding anniversary, silver
wedding Never or gold wedding, wedding anniversary 1st, 2nd or 3rd just never. The
reason is not because they never remember when married. This may be because
during the marriage, being wrapped war era. At the time of World War II was raging
and new Japan come to colonize Indonesia.

"We never celebrate the wedding of silver or gold wedding. So we think it's a matter
for granted, while we are always faced with the enormous problems that great and
terrible," recalls Mrs. Fatmawati at Bung Karno Masa Muda book, published by InterCity Library, 1978 .

Bung Karno married life and Fatmawati indeed turbulent struggle. Two years after
they married, Indonesia achieved independence. But this has not been completed,
even when the physical struggle reached its peak. Bung Karno was certainly
involved in any important moments of national struggle. This couple gave birth to
their first son, namely Thunder Soekarnoputra. Thunder was born at the time of
Sukarno was aged 42 years. Next born Megawati, Rachmawati, Sukmawati, and
thunder. Bung Karno children are known to have high artistic talent. It was not
surprising considering the Bung Karno was an admirer of the works of art figure,
while Mrs. Fatmawati very good at dancing.

Biography Fatmawati Soekarno

In the warm city, Mrs. Fatmawati get much sympathy, because of his friendly and
easy to get along with various levels of society. As First Lady, Mrs. Fatmawati often
accompany Bung Karno in visits to various regions of the Republic of Indonesia to
arouse people's resistance against the Dutch and following the visit of President
Soekarno to various countries friendly. The participation of women in development
has been shown Mother Fatmawati, he often perform social activities, such as active
in literacy, encourage women, both in education and the economy. In May 14, 1980
he died of a heart attack while on his way home from Mecca pilgrimage, and was
buried in Rubber bivouac, Jakarta. His last words before he died that time:
"Come to Mecca has become pendaman my goal. Every day I do dhikr and say the
shahada and ask that given the power to draw closer to God. Also ask that given by
God, courage and continue the struggle fi sabilillah. I pray to its original ideals are
ideals of independent Indonesia. Do not let fly an independent Indonesia. "
Fatmawati Hospital was originally named Mrs. Sukarno Hospital, located in the
Village of West Cilandak, District Cilandak, South Jakarta area, was established in
1954 by Mrs. Fatmawati Soekarno. Originally planned to be used as a Lung Disease
Sanatorium for children. On 15 April 1961 the organization and financing of the
hospital submitted to the Ministry of Health so that date is set as the anniversary of
the RS Fatmawati. In the course of RS Fatmawati, 1984 designated as a Center of
South Jakarta and in 1994 designated as Class B General Hospital Education.

In the city of Bengkulu, as the hometown of Mother Fatmawati, Local Government

and all elements provide an appreciation of Mother Fatmawati. As a form of
appreciation and also to commemorate Mother Fatmawati, then on November 14,
2001, the airport was changed to Padang Kemiling Fatmawati Airport. Change the

name of the airport was inaugurated by the President of the Republic of Indonesia
Megawati Sukarnoputri. Mother Fatmawati struggle during the pre-independence
and post-independence is recognized by the Central Government, through the
Decree of the President of the Republic of Indonesia No. 118 / TK / 2000 dated
November 4, 2000 by President Abdurrahman Wahid, the Government of the
Republic of Indonesia to give the title of National Hero to Mrs. Fatmawati.