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LTE RAdio inTERfAcE

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

SEcTion 1

LTE inTRoducTion, ARcHiTEcTuRE ovERviEw And PRoTocoL STAck

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

LTE introduction

Q1

which one of the following can be attributed to the increase in data traffic observed by many mobile operators?

a) flat rate SMS

b) smart handsets

c) increased market share

d) decreased fixed network traffic

Q2

common, access independent internet applications and web 2.0 will affect…

a) they way people communicate in coming years

b) mobile market penetration

c) fixed – mobile substitution rates

d) is not thought to affect any aspect of the mobile market

Q3

higher capacity networks, service continuity, single sign-in and competitive pricing are enabled by….

a) battery longevity

b) the user experience

c) network capability evolution

d) inter-network service agreements

Q4

which of the following are LTE eUTRAN objectives?

a) support for market penetration greater than 100%

b) voice over IP

c) low cost roaming

d) 100Mbps peak downlink data rates

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

spectral efficiency for LTE eUTRAN is expected to be, how many times better than the current release 6 HSPA ?

a) 3-4 times better in the downlink

b) 3-4 times better in the uplink

c) 2-3 times better in the downlink

d) no significant improvement

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

Architecture overview

Q1

fill in the blanks in the statement below;

One of the main objectives of the LTE architecture is an overall

network with a

of the number of network nodes

a) complication, reduction

b) simplification, increase

c) simplification, reduction

d) complication, reduction

of the

Q2

how many network nodes are defined within the eUTRAN ?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

Q3

the eNB connects to the SGW using which interface?

a) X2

b) S1_MME

c) S1_U

d) S2

Q4

the S1_MME interface carries which type of information?

a) user data only

b) user data and signalling

c) voip signalling and data

d) signalling only

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

which EPC node acts as an anchoring point for inter eNB handovers between UMTS and LTE?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q6

which EPC node acts as a router, provides transport level packet marking and some accounting functions ?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q7

which EPC node is the primary signalling node, terminating NAS signalling related to mobility management and bearer management?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q8

which EPC node is the entry and exit point for UE connectivity and provides deep packet inspection, DL packet marking and service level charging ?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Q9

which of the following SAE reference points provides the user plane with control and mobility support between trusted and non-trusted IP access networks and the SAE anchor ?

a) S1

b) S2a/b

c) S4

d) S5a

Q10

which SAE reference point enables user and bearer information exchange for inter 3GPP access mobility?

a) S1

b) S2

c) S3

d) S4

Q11

which SAE reference point the transfer of QoS policy and charging rules from the PCRF to the PCEP?

a) S5a

b) S5b

c) S6

d) S7

Q12

which SAE reference point provides a connection between the SAE anchor and an external system?

a) S1

b) S7

c) S5

d) SGi

LTE Radio Interface

Q13

interfaces between the 2G/3G core and the EPC uses which protocol?

a) GTP

b) RLC

c) SS7

d) MTP

Q14

the S8 and S6 interfaces are used to support which service?

a) VoIP

b) WAP gateway access

c) roaming

d) security

Q15

roaming connections will most likely be…

a) passed through the local PDN

b) routed back to the H-PLMN

c) handled by a 3 rd party

d) roaming for LTE is not yet specified

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

Spectrum Requirements for LTE

Q1

which of the following spectrum bands was identified as part of the IMT 2000 family?

a) 1520 – 1590MHz

b) 2410 – 2490MHz

c) 82 – 105MHz

d) 450 – 470MHz

Q2

what future event will make more radio spectrum available particularly in the 470 – 862MHz band?

a) analogue TV switch off

b) 2G networks being switched off

c) spectrum refarming

d) use of LTE technology

Q3

in band 13 (XIII) of the proposed LTE spectrum bands how much radio spectrum is available?

a) 60MHz

b) 2 x 45MHz

c) 2 x 12 MHz

d) 24MHz

Q4

what LTE radio spectrum does band II refer to?

a) 2.1GHz

b) 800MHz

c) lower 700MHz

d) 1900MHz

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

the 1700MHz LTE radio band available in Japan is also referred to as…

a) band I

b) band IX

c) band XIV

d) band VI

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

An introduction to the LTE Protocol Stack

Q1

in the OSI 7 layer reference model the abbreviation OSI stands for…

a) Open Standards Interface

b) Object Systems Integration

c) Open Systems Integration

d) Open Systems Interfacing

Q2

which layers of the OSI reference model may be considered as end to end protocols?

a) physical and datalink layers

b) datalink and network layers

c) transport and network layers

d) session and presentation layers

Q3

which of the OSI reference model layers is responsible for communicating with the application and providing communication services for it?

a) application layer

b) presentation layer

c) session layer

d) transport layer

Q4

frame relay, ATM, and Ethernet are generally consider to be example of which OSI model layer?

a) application layer

b) presentation layer

c) session layer

d) data link layer

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

in LTE architecture which service connects the UE to the peer entity ?

a) radio bearer

b) EPS bearer

c) external bearer

d) end to end service

Q6

In LTE architecture the EPS bearer connects which network nodes?

a) UE and eNB

b) UE and SGW

c) UE and PGW

d) UE and peer entity

Q6

in LTE architecture which bearer service connects the SGW and PGW

a) EPS bearer

b) external bearer

c) S5/S6 bearer

d) radio bearer

Q7

in LTE protocol architecture which component carrier user data and signalling transparently

from the UE to the EPC?

a) AS

b) NAS

c) DTAP

d) S1-MME

Q8

Layer, what is the general function of the Radio Network Layer?

the LTE protocol architecture is split into the Radio Network Layer and Transport Network

a) basic functions of data transport including RLC and MAC

b) E-UTRAN functions including RRC and NAS

c) network access and mobility management

d) bearer control and session management

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Q9

compression, encryption and packet sequencing?

in the LTE radio interface protocol stack which of the layers is responsible for header

a) RLC

b) PDCP

c) MAC

d) PHY

Q10

functions including segmentation and reassembly, sequenced delivery and duplicate detection?

in the LTE radio interface protocol stack which of the layers is responsible for datalink layer

a) RLC

b) PDCP

c) MAC

d) PHY

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

End-of-Section 1 Multiple choice Questions

Q1

higher capacity networks, service continuity, single sign-in and competitive pricing are enabled by….

a) battery longevity

b) the user experience

c) network capability evolution

d) inter-network service agreements

Q2

which of the following are LTE eUTRAN objectives?

a) support for market penetration greater than 100%

b) voice over IP

c) low cost roaming

d) 100Mbps peak downlink data rates

Q3

which SAE reference point provides a connection between the SAE anchor and an external system?

a) S1

b) S7

c) S5

d) SGi

Q4

in the LTE radio interface protocol stack which of the layers is responsible for header compression, encryption and packet sequencing?

a) RLC

b) PDCP

c) MAC

d) PHY

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

fill in the blanks in the statement below;

One of the main objectives of the LTE architecture is an overall

network with a

of the number of network nodes

a) complication, reduction

b) simplification, increase

c) simplification, reduction

d) complication, reduction

of the

Q6

how many network nodes are defined within the eUTRAN ?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

Q7

common, access independent internet applications and web 2.0 will affect…

a) they way people communicate in coming years

b) mobile market penetration

c) fixed – mobile substitution rates

d) is not thought to affect any aspect of the mobile market

Q8

which of the following spectrum bands was identified as part of the IMT 2000 family?

a) 1520 – 1590MHz

b) 2410 – 2490MHz

c) 82 – 105MHz

d) 450 – 470MHz

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Q9

which EPC node acts as an anchoring point for inter eNB handovers between UMTS and LTE?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q10

which EPC node is the primary signalling node, terminating NAS signalling related to mobility management and bearer management?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q11

the LTE protocol architecture is split into the Radio Network Layer and Transport Network Layer, what is the general function of the Radio Network Layer?

a) basic functions of data transport including RLC and MAC

b) E-UTRAN functions including RRC and NAS

c) network access and mobility management

d) bearer control and session management

Q12

which of the following SAE reference points provides the user plane with control and mobility support between trusted and non-trusted IP access networks and the SAE anchor?

a) S1

b) S2a/b

c) S4

d) S5a

LTE Radio Interface

Q13

which SAE reference point the transfer of QoS policy and charging rules from the PCRF to the PCEP?

a) S5a

b) S5b

c) S6

d) S7

Q14

which layers of the OSI reference model may be considered as end to end protocols?

a) physical and datalink layers

b) datalink and network layers

c) transport and network layers

d) session and presentation layers

Q15

what LTE radio spectrum does band II refer to?

a) 2.1GHz

b) 800MHz

c) lower 700MHz

d) 1900MHz

Q16

roaming connections will most likely be…

a) passed through the local PDN

b) routed back to the H-PLMN

c) handled by a 3 rd party

d) roaming for LTE is not yet specified

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Q17

in band 13 (XIII) of the proposed LTE spectrum bands how much radio spectrum is available?

a) 60MHz

b) 2 x 45MHz

c) 2 x 12 MHz

d) 24MHz

Q18

the S1_MME interface carries which type of information?

a) user data only

b) user data and signalling

c) voip signalling and data

d) signalling only

Q19

in the OSI 7 layer reference model the abbreviation OSI stands for…

a) Open Standards Interface

b) Object Systems Integration

c) Open Systems Integration

d) Open Systems Interfacing

Q20

interfaces between the 2G/3G core and the EPC uses which protocol?

a) GTP

b) RLC

c) SS7

d) MTP

LTE Radio Interface

Q21

which of the OSI reference model layers is responsible for communicating with the application and providing communication services for it?

a) application layer

b) presentation layer

c) session layer

d) transport layer

Q22

in LTE architecture which service connects the UE to the peer entity ?

a) radio bearer

b) EPS bearer

c) external bearer

d) end to end service

Q23

In LTE architecture the EPS bearer connects which network nodes?

a) UE and eNB

b) UE and SGW

c) UE and PGW

d) UE and peer entity

Q24

in LTE architecture which bearer service connects the SGW and PGW

a) EPS bearer

b) external bearer

c) S5/S6 bearer

d) radio bearer

LTE Introduction, Architecture Overview and Protocol Stack

Q25

which EPC node is the entry and exit point for UE connectivity and provides deep packet inspection, DL packet marking and service level charging ?

a) eNB

b) SGW

c) MME

d) PGW

Q26

in the LTE radio interface protocol stack which of the layers is responsible for datalink layer functions including segmentation and reassembly, sequenced delivery and duplicate detection?

a) RLC

b) PDCP

c) MAC

d) PHY

The LTE Physical Layer

secTion 2

The LTe PhysicAL LAyer

The LTE Physical Layer

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

oFDM Principles

Q1

what is one of the main features of the LTE physical layer that can be attributed to LTE performance gains over release 6 HSPA?

a)

higher power output advanced antenna systems lower power consumption faster CPUs

b) c) d) a) tropospheric scattering b) fresnel clearance c) multi path fading d) pathloss
b)
c)
d)
a) tropospheric scattering
b) fresnel clearance
c) multi path fading
d) pathloss
a) time shifted version of the same symbol arrive at the antenna
b) pathloss exceeds 120dB
c) when frequency distortion due to Doppler effects are present
d) when the BER exceed 10-6
a) the maximum time taken for signals to arrive at the antenna
b) the minimum time taken for signals to arrive at the antenna
c) the difference between the maximum and minimum times

Q2

OFDM or multi-carrier technology provides resilience against what radio interface effect?

Q3

ISI occurs when

Q4

the RMS delay spread is defined as

d) the amount by which the received frequency is shifted

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

if the delay spread is 10nS and the symbol time is 1µS the radio channel is consider to be

a) narrowband b) wideband c) Rayleigh faded d) Doppler shifted a) is more likely to
a) narrowband
b) wideband
c) Rayleigh faded
d) Doppler shifted
a) is more likely to suffer from Doppler shift
b) is more likely to experience flat fading
c) is more likely to experience frequency selective fading
d) is less likely to experience frequency selective fading
a) a higher FEC code rate
b) relatively high power transmission
c) low complexity modulation schemes
d) use of multiple sub-carriers across the channel bandwidth
a) Doppler shift
b) inter sub-carrier interference
c) inter symbol interference
d) frequency selective fading
a) 15KHz

Q6

a

radio channel that is considered to be wideband

Q9

what spacing is the sub-carrier spacing in LTE?

Q7

OFDM radio systems exhibit high performance in multipath fading environments due to

Q8

the insertion of the cyclic prefix in the LTE symbol prevents loss of orthogonality due to

b) 200KHz

c) 1.25MHz

d) 5MHz

The LTE Physical Layer

Q10

one of the major issues with OFDM radio systems is

a) coder complexity
b) physical size of the UE
c) high peak to average power
d) poor spectral efficiency

a) complex receiver design

b) poor multipath performance

c) high power consumption

Q11

the high PAPR results in

d) potentially poor spectral efficiency

The LTE Physical Layer

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

oFDMA structure and Modulation

Q1

radio systems that make use of the OFDMA mechanism provide multiple access based on

a) time domain multiple access only
b) frequency domain multiple access only
c) multiple access based on code division both time and frequency domain multiple access

d) a) 12 sub carriers and 6 or 7 symbols b) 12 sub carriers and
d)
a) 12 sub carriers and 6 or 7 symbols
b) 12 sub carriers and 12 or 14 symbols
c) 180 sub carriers and 0.5 symbols
d) 1 x 5MHz channels and 1mS symbols
a) resource block
b) resource element
c) tile
d) burst
a) OQPSK
b) 8PSK
c) 32QAM
d) 64QAM

Q2

in the LTE physical layer the resource block is made up of

Q3

one sub carrier and one symbol create a

Q4

which one of the following modulation schemes are supported by the LTE physical layer?

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

in 16QAM modulation, how many bits per baud are there?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 4 d) 16 a) 64QAM b) OFDMA c) SC-FDMA d) SOFDMA a) higher transmitted
c) 4
d) 16
a) 64QAM
b) OFDMA
c) SC-FDMA
d) SOFDMA
a) higher transmitted power
b) greater FEC complexity
c) higher signal to noise ratio

Q6

in order to counter the high power requirement of OFDM, LTE uses which scheme for the uplink?

Q7

in the LTE physical layer, it is generally true that higher order modulation schemes such as 64QAM require…

d) multiple antennas

The LTE Physical Layer

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

LTe Timing and Frame structures

Q1

the LTE frame type 1 has a duration of

a) 1mS

Q2

an LTE symbol has a duration of

Q3

an LTE TTI consists of how many resource blocks

Q4

how many slots are there in an LTE sub-frame?

c) 10

d) 100

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

what is the maximum number of FFT supported by the LTE physical layer?

a) 512

b) 1024

c) 2048 d) 4096 a) 72 b) 300 c) 600 d) 1200 a) 5MHz b)
c) 2048
d) 4096
a) 72
b) 300
c) 600
d) 1200
a) 5MHz
b) 10MHz
c) 20MHz
d) 9MHz
a) PDCCH
b) PCFICH
c) PDSCH
d) PFICH
a) 40mS

Q6

in an LTE radio channel of 5MHz bandwidth, how many occupied sub carriers are there?

Q7

if the occupied bandwidth of an LTE radio channel is 9MHz, what is the nominal channel bandwidth?

Q8

which LTE physical channel provides a feedback mechanism for the HARQ process?

Q9

the PBCCH carries basic system information and is transmitted every

b) 80mS

c) aperiodically

d) once per radio frame

The LTE Physical Layer

Q10

together the primary and secondary synchronisation channels carry one of, how many physical layer identities?

a) 3

b) 504 c) 168 d) 1024 e) once per sub-frame f) g) a) BPSK b)
b) 504
c) 168
d) 1024
e)
once per sub-frame
f)
g)
a) BPSK
b) QPSK
c) 16QAM
d) 64QAM
a) PBCH and PPCH
b) PSS and SSS

depends on application QoS and subscriber priority only on demand from the UE

Q11

in the uplink the PUSCH carries user data and is assigned to the UE once per radio frame

Q12

the PBCH transport channel transmits the system information messages using which modulation scheme?

Q13

which of the following LTE physical layer channels uses the Zadoff-Chu sequence?

c) PDSCH

d) PCFICH

LTE Radio Interface

Q14

how does the LTE UE detect the use of FDD or TDD transmission in LTE?

a) messages decoded from the MIB in the PBCH
b) preconfigured in the device
c) eNB polling blindly detect from the PSS and SSS location

d) a) messages decoded from the MIB in the PBCH b) preconfigured in the device
d)
a) messages decoded from the MIB in the PBCH
b) preconfigured in the device
c) eNB polling
d) blindly detect from the PSS and SSS location
a) the number of RB allocated to the UE
b) the transmit power control command
c) the importance of the DL pathloss estimation
d) the allocated channel bandwidth
a) modulation
b) adaptive modulation and coding
c) Hybrid ARQ

Q15

how does the LTE UE detect the system bandwidth in use?

Q16

in LTE the physical layer power control, the parameter α determines what property of power control?

Q17

which physical layer process relives the upper layer CRC processing and can yield a greater radio interface efficiency?

d) ARQ

LTE Procedures

self Assessment multiple choice Questions

random Access

Q1

the procedure performed by the UE when moving from RRC_IDLE to RRC_CONNECTED state is called?

a) UE registration

b) TA update

c) paging

d) random access a) chosen by the UE b) pre-coded in the UE c) assigned
d) random access
a) chosen by the UE
b) pre-coded in the UE
c) assigned by the EPC
d) calculated from the frame number
a) it is globally unique
b) in contains the MAC address of the UE
c) it unambiguously identifies the time-frequency resource used by the UE for
access
d) it contains and encrypted version of the subscriber IMSI
a) non-contended access

Q2

the random access procedure uses a 5 bit random preamble which is

Q3

the random access response contains the RA-RNTI, what properties does this identity have?

Q4

when the random access procedure is used during the handover, it is likely to use

b) contended access

c) special HO access procedure

d) non-random access

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

the random access procedure is likely to be used after which one of the following events?

a) UE registration
b) data session setup
c) RRC reconnection after radio link failure

b) data session setup c) RRC reconnection after radio link failure d) UE power switch off

d) UE power switch off

LTE Procedures

self Assessment multiple choice Questions

connection states and system information

Q1

when the EPC has no specific knowledge of the UE or its location the UE is considered to be in which mode?

a) LTE_Detached b) LTE_Attached c) LTE_Idle d) LTE-Active a) SIB 1 b) SU 1 c)
a) LTE_Detached
b) LTE_Attached
c) LTE_Idle
d) LTE-Active
a) SIB 1
b) SU 1
c) SIB 3
d) MIB
a)
40mS
b)
80mS
c)
10mS
d)
depends on the scheduling parameters
a)
downlink system bandwidth

Q2

which type of system information block carries critical information and is retransmitted every 40mS

Q3

SIB 1, sometimes called the scheduling unit -1, is retransmitted every…

Q4

which of the following information is contained within the master information block, MIB

b) access classes

c) cell identity

d) one bit call barring

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

in which system information block would you find information relating to the number of transmit antennas supported by the eNB?

a) MIB b) SIB1 c) SIB2 d) SIB3 a) 1 hour b) 2 hours c)
a) MIB
b) SIB1
c) SIB2
d) SIB3
a) 1 hour
b) 2 hours
c) 6 hours

Q6

how long is the system information received by the UE considered to be valid for?

d) 24 hours

The LTE Physical Layer

Q18

in HARQ processing any errored data is

a) discarded and repeat data is requested
b) buffered and combined with repeated data

is requested b) buffered and combined with repeated data c) discarded and no repeat data is

c) discarded and no repeat data is requested

d) passed to higher layer processes with out correction

The LTE Physical Layer

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

LTe Antenna Techniques

Q1

which of the following antenna techniques is likely to yield the greatest performance improvement?

a) SISO

b) SIMO

c) MISO

d) MIMO a) transmit at a higher power across all antenna ports b) have “knowledge”
d) MIMO
a) transmit at a higher power across all antenna ports
b) have “knowledge” of the channel in order to apply some pre-coding
c) transmit only from a single antenna port
d) use higher order modulation schemes in order to scramble the data path
a) 100Mbps
b) 172Mbps
c) 326Mbps
d) 1Gbps
a) 1 Tx 1 Rx

Q4

in a SISO configuration how many transmit and receive antennas are there?

Q2

in closed loop MIMO the transmitter must

Q3

using 4x4 MIMO what is the theoretical data rate that is possible with a 20MHz LTE radio channel?

b) 1 Tx 2 Rx

c) 2 Tx 1 Rx

d) 2 TX 2 Rx

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

a MISO antenna configuration is better known as

a) spatial multiplexing b) receive diversity transmit diversity polarisation diversity c) d) a) spatial multiplexing
a) spatial multiplexing
b) receive diversity
transmit diversity
polarisation diversity
c)
d)
a) spatial multiplexing
b) receive diversity
c) spatial diversity
d) polarisation multiplexing
a) increased throughput due to spatial multiplexing
b) increased coverage through higher SNR
c) increased capacity through lower SNR
d) increased spectral efficiency through higher coding gains
higher cell capacity?
a) MISO
b) SU-MIMO
c) Co-MIMO
d) MU-MIMO

Q6

transmit diversity is also known as

Q7

spatial diversity used in LTE radio systems improve the performance of the radio link in what way?

Q8

which of the following MIMO modes does not increase individual UE throughputs but offer

a

The LTE Physical Layer

end-of-section 2 Multiple choice Questions

Q1

in an LTE radio channel of 5MHz bandwidth, how many occupied sub carriers are there?

a) 72

b) 300 c) 600 d) 1200 a) time shifted version of the same symbol arrive
b) 300
c) 600
d) 1200
a) time shifted version of the same symbol arrive at the antenna
b) pathloss exceeds 120dB
c) when frequency distortion due to Doppler effects are present
d) when the BER exceed 10-6
a) is more likely to suffer from Doppler shift
b) is more likely to experience flat fading
c) is more likely to experience frequency selective fading
d) is less likely to experience frequency selective fading
a) Doppler shift
b) inter sub-carrier interference

Q2

ISI occurs when

Q3

a radio channel that is considered to be wideband

Q4

the insertion of the cyclic prefix in the LTE symbol prevents loss of orthogonality due to

c) inter symbol interference

d) frequency selective fading

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

what spacing is the sub-carrier spacing in LTE?

a) 15KHz b) 200KHz c) 1.25MHz d) 5MHz a) b) c) d) a) resource block
a) 15KHz
b) 200KHz
c) 1.25MHz
d) 5MHz
a)
b)
c)
d)
a) resource block
b) resource element
c) tile
d) burst
a) tropospheric scattering
b) fresnel clearance
c) multi path fading
d) pathloss
a) spatial multiplexing
b) receive diversity
c) spatial diversity

Q6

the high PAPR results in

complex receiver design poor multipath performance high power consumption potentially poor spectral efficiency

Q7

one sub carrier and one symbol create a

Q8

OFDM or multi-carrier technology provides resilience against what radio interface effect?

Q9

transmit diversity is also known as

d) polarisation multiplexing

The LTE Physical Layer

Q10 which one of the following modulation schemes are supported by the LTE physical layer?

a) OQPSK

b) 8PSK

c) 32QAM

d) 64QAM a) 64QAM b) OFDMA c) SC-FDMA d) SOFDMA a) b) c) d) a)
d) 64QAM
a) 64QAM
b) OFDMA
c) SC-FDMA
d) SOFDMA
a)
b)
c)
d)
a) higher transmitted power
b) greater FEC complexity
c) higher signal to noise ratio

Q12

in HARQ processing any errored data is

Q13

Q11

in order to counter the high power requirement of OFDM, LTE uses which scheme for the uplink?

discarded and repeat data is requested buffered and combined with repeated data discarded and no repeat data is requested passed to higher layer processes with out correction

in the LTE physical layer, it is generally true that higher order modulation schemes such as 64QAM require…

d) multiple antennas

LTE Radio Interface

Q14

an LTE symbol has a duration of

a) 1mS

b) 10mS

c) 66.67µS d) 0.5mS a) 1 b) 2 c) 10 d) 100 a) 1 b)
c) 66.67µS
d) 0.5mS
a) 1
b) 2
c) 10
d) 100
a) 1
b) 2
c) 10
d) 100
a) narrowband

Q15

an LTE TTI consists of how many resource blocks

Q16

how many slots are there in an LTE sub-frame?

Q17

if the delay spread is 10nS and the symbol time is 1µS the radio channel is consider to be

b) wideband

c) Rayleigh faded

d) Doppler shifted

The LTE Physical Layer

Q18

if the occupied bandwidth of an LTE radio channel is 9MHz, what is the nominal channel bandwidth?

a) 5MHz

b) 10MHz c) 20MHz d) 9MHz a) 40mS b) 80mS c) aperiodically d) once per
b) 10MHz
c) 20MHz
d) 9MHz
a) 40mS
b) 80mS
c) aperiodically
d) once per radio frame
a) time domain multiple access only
b) frequency domain multiple access only
c) multiple access based on code division
d) both time and frequency domain multiple access
a) 3
b) 504

Q19

the PBCCH carries basic system information and is transmitted every

Q20

radio systems that make use of the OFDMA mechanism provide multiple access based on

Q21

together the primary and secondary synchronisation channels carry one of, how many physical layer identities?

c) 168

d) 1024

LTE Radio Interface

Q22

MIMO systems make use of what type of overhead information in order to measure the channel response?

a) reference signals b) training sequences c) synchronisation signals d) system information messages a) PBCH
a) reference signals
b) training sequences
c) synchronisation signals
d) system information messages
a) PBCH and PPCH
b) PSS and SSS
c) PDSCH
d) PCFICH
a) messages decoded from the MIB in the PBCH
b) preconfigured in the device
c) eNB polling
d) blindly detect from the PSS and SSS location
a) the number of RB allocated to the UE
b) the transmit power control command
c) the importance of the DL pathloss estimation

Q25

Q23

which of the following LTE physical layer channels uses the Zadoff-Chu sequence?

Q24

how does the LTE UE detect the use of FDD or TDD transmission in LTE?

in LTE the physical layer power control, the parameter α determines what property of power control?

d) the allocated channel bandwidth

The LTE Physical Layer

Q26

which of the following antenna techniques is likely to yield the greatest performance

improvement?

a) SISO

b) SIMO

c) MISO

d) MIMO Q27 channel? a) 100Mbps b) 172Mbps c) 326Mbps d) 1Gbps Q28 a a)
d) MIMO
Q27
channel?
a) 100Mbps
b) 172Mbps
c) 326Mbps
d) 1Gbps
Q28
a
a) spatial multiplexing
b) receive diversity
c) transmit diversity
d) polarisation diversity
Q29
a higher cell capacity?
a) MISO
b) SU-MIMO
c) Co-MIMO
d) MU-MIMO

using 4x4 MIMO what is the theoretical data rate that is possible with a 20MHz LTE radio

MISO antenna configuration is better known as

which of the following MIMO modes does not increase individual UE throughputs but offer

LTE Radio Interface

Q30

which of the following best defines the operation of Co-MIMO

a) two eNB collaborating to transmit multiple streams to a single UE

b) one eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to multiple UEs

c) one eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to a single UE

d) two eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to multiple UEs

a) x 2

Q31

what is the theoretical capacity gain of a 4 x 2 MIMO antenna configuration?

b) x 3

c) x 4

d) x 8

The LTE Physical Layer

Q9

which of the following best defines the operation of Co-MIMO

a) two eNB collaborating to transmit multiple streams to a single UE b) one eNB
a) two eNB collaborating to transmit multiple streams to a single UE
b) one eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to multiple UEs
c) one eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to a single UE
d) two eNB exploiting the DL multipath to transmit to multiple UEs
a) MIMO
b) diversity system
c) beamforming
d) omni-directional
a) x 2
b) x 3
c) x 4
d) x 8
a) transmit at a higher power across all antenna ports
b) have “knowledge” of the channel in order to apply some pre-coding

Q11

what is the theoretical capacity gain of a 4 x 2 MIMO antenna configuration?

Q12

in closed loop MIMO the transmitter must

Q10

antenna systems that direct the radiated energy directly toward a UE location are referred to as

c) transmit only from a single antenna port

d) use higher order modulation schemes in order to scramble the data path

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

Logical, Transport and Physical channels in LTe

Q1

which of the following LTE protocol stack layers is responsible for mapping logical channels to transport channels?

a) PHY

b) MAC c) RLC d) PDCP Q2 a) PHY b) MAC c) RLC d) PDCP
b) MAC
c) RLC
d) PDCP
Q2
a) PHY
b) MAC
c) RLC
d) PDCP
Q3
e) transport channels
f) physical channels
g) radio bearers
Q4
a) logical channels
b) transport channels

which of the following LTE protocol stack layers is responsible for error correction using HARQ?

LTE channels that are defined by the type of information that they carry are referred to as? logical channels

LTE channels that define the way in which information is transmitted are known as?

c) physical channels

d) radio bearers

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

BCCH, PCCH and DCCH are all…

a) logical channels b) transport channels c) physical channels d) radio bearers a) logical channels
a) logical channels
b) transport channels
c) physical channels
d) radio bearers
a) logical channels
b) transport channels
c) physical channels
d) radio bearers
a) BCCH
b) MCCH
c) CCCH
d) DCCH
a) DCCH
b) CCCH
c) DTCH

Q6

PDSCH, PDCCH and PBCH are all

Q7

which logical channel is used to exchange signalling information between the UE and eNB where no RRC connection is in place?

Q8

application level signalling such as SIP messages would be transferred using which logical channel?

d) MTCH

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q9

which of the following transport channels allow the dynamic use of resources, HARQ and adaptive modulation and coding?

a) BCH

b) DL-SCH c) PCH d) RACH a) BCH b) DL-SCH c) PCH d) RACH a)
b) DL-SCH
c) PCH
d) RACH
a) BCH
b) DL-SCH
c) PCH
d) RACH
a) PBCH
b) PDSH
c) PRACH
d) PUCCH

Q10

which of the following transport channels has a fixed format largely defined by the

requirement to ensure the signalling content can be decoded across the entire radio cell?

Q11

which of the following physical channels are not mapped above the physical layer?

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

MAc Layer Functions

Q1

in the MAC header which information element carries information relating to the round trip delay in the channel?

a) logical channel identity field
b) buffer size
c) DRX command field timing advance field

d) a) QoS b) priority handling c) buffer control d) contention resolution a) QoS b)
d)
a) QoS
b) priority handling
c) buffer control
d) contention resolution
a) QoS
b) priority handling
c) buffer control
d) contention resolution
a)
b)
c)
d)

Q3

Q2

what is the name given to the MAC layer function that manages the packet data queues?

CQI, QoS, MIMO rank and subscriber priority are all used by which MAC layer process?

Q4

incremental redundancy and chase combining are methods used by which MAC layer function ?

forward error correction adaptive modulation and coding priority handling HARQ

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

in the HARQ process retransmission in the downlink are

a) synchronous

b) asynchronous
b) asynchronous

c) autonomous

d) automatic

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

secTion 3

The LTe ProTocoLs LAyer 2 MAc, rLc And PdcP

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

rLc Functions

Q1

which of the following functions is carried out by the LTE RLC protocol layer?

a) logical to transport channel mapping b) transport to physical channel mapping acknowledged mode transfer
a) logical to transport channel mapping
b) transport to physical channel mapping
acknowledged mode transfer of data
hybrid ARQ processes
c)
d)
a) error control mode
b) transport mode
c) unsequenced mode
d) transparent mode
a) unacknowledged data transfer
b) error checking
c) retransmission requests
d) header compression
a) UM
b) TM
c) AM

Q3

Q2

which one of the following RLC data transfer modes is supported?

when the LTE RLC protocol operates in acknowledged mode, which of the following functions is supported?

Q4

which RLC data transfer mode supports all of the following functions; segmentation, reassembly, packet retransmission, packet sequencing?

d) PM

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

in the RLC transparent mode data transfer which of the following frame headers are present?

a) sequence number field
b) re-segmentation flag
c) extension bit there are no headers

d) a) segmentation b) re-assembly c) concatenation d) retransmission a) the underlying layers, MAC and
d)
a) segmentation
b) re-assembly
c) concatenation
d) retransmission
a) the underlying layers, MAC and PHY

Q6

the RLC function that assembles multiple SDUs in to a single RLC frame is known as?

Q7

the size of the RLC frame is determined by…

b) the application

c) QoS settings

d) negotiated by the UE

LTE Radio Interface

Q13

MIMO systems make use of what type of overhead information in order to measure the channel response?

information in order to measure the channel response? a) PMI b) rank indication c) measurement report

a) PMI
b) rank indication
c) measurement report
d) CQI

a) reference signals
b) training sequences
c) synchronisation signals
d) system information messages

Q14

the UE reports the quality of the radio channel to the eNB via a

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

rrc Layer Functions

Q1

which of the following services are supported by the RRC layer?

a) establishment and released of radio resources b) transport channel mapping c) header compression and
a) establishment and released of radio resources
b) transport channel mapping
c) header compression and encryption
d) authentication and admission control
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_ACTIVE
c) RRC_IDLE
d) RRC_DETACHED
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_ACTIVE
c) RRC_IDLE
d) RRC_DETACHED
a) RRC_IDLE
b) RRC_CONNECTED
c) RRC_DETACHED
d) there is no RRC state defined

Q2

which state is the UE RRC layer said to be in, when there is no RRC connection with the network?

Q3

if the UE is performing PLMN selections, monitoring paging channels, performing cell

reselections and decoding system information messages, which RRC state is being used?

Q4

if the UE is considered to be in the LTE_DETATCHED state, what RRC state will the UE be in?

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

if the UE has a communication context with the network and is able to transmit or receive data, what RRC state is the UE in?

a) RRC_CONNECTED b) RRC_ACTIVE c) RRC_IDLE d) RRC_DETACHED a) GSM_IDLE/GPRS packet_idle b) CELL_PCH c) CELL_FACH
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_ACTIVE
c) RRC_IDLE
d) RRC_DETACHED
a) GSM_IDLE/GPRS packet_idle
b) CELL_PCH
c) CELL_FACH
d) GSM_CONNECTED/GPRS packet transfer mode
a) SRB0
b) SRB1
c) SRB2
d) SRB2a
a) SRB0
b) SRB1

Q8

Q6

the LTE UE RRC states can be mapped to 2.5G/3G states, RRC_CONNECTED state can be mapped to

Q7

Which SRB is used by the RRC to transfer low priority NAS messages?

which SRB would be used to carry RRC messages and some piggybacked NAS messages?

c) SRB2

d) SRB2a

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q9

what type of messages may be transferred using SRB0?

a) messages sent using the CCCH logical channel

b) RRC messages sent in the DCCH logical channel

c) low priority NAS messages sent on the DCCH

d) system information messages

a) messages sent using the CCCH logical channel

b) RRC messages sent in the DCCH logical channel

c) low priority NAS messages sent on the DCCH

d) user plane traffic mapped to the DTCH logical channel

Q10

a RB (not SRB) would be used to transfer what kind of data?

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

end-of-section 3 Multiple choice Questions

Q1

in the MAC header which information element carries information relating to the round trip

delay in the channel?

a) logical channel identity field
b) buffer size
c) DRX command field timing advance field

d) RB (not SRB) would be used to transfer what kind of data? a) messages
d)
RB (not SRB) would be used to transfer what kind of data?
a) messages sent using the CCCH logical channel
b) RRC messages sent in the DCCH logical channel
c) low priority NAS messages sent on the DCCH
d) user plane traffic mapped to the DTCH logical channel
a) PHY
b) MAC
c) RLC
d) PDCP
a) sequencing and duplicate detection

Q2

a

Q3

which of the following LTE protocol stack layers is responsible for error correction using HARQ?

Q4

which of the following functions is carried out by the LTE PDCP protocol layer?

b) error detection and retransmission

c) logical channel mapping

d) packet reassembly

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

LTE channels that define the way in which information is transmitted are known as?

a)

logical channels transport channels physical channels radio bearers

b) c) d) a) error control mode b) transport mode c) unsequenced mode d) transparent
b)
c)
d)
a) error control mode
b) transport mode
c) unsequenced mode
d) transparent mode
a) logical channels
b) transport channels
c) physical channels
d) radio bearers
a) BCCH
b) MCCH
c) CCCH

Q7

PDSCH, PDCCH and PBCH are all

Q8

Q6

which one of the following RLC data transfer modes is supported?

which logical channel is used to exchange signalling information between the UE and eNB where no RRC connection is in place?

d) DCCH

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q9

which of the following transport channels has a fixed format largely defined by the

requirement to ensure the signalling content can be decoded across the entire radio cell?

a) BCH b) DL-SCH c) PCH d) RACH Q10 a) PBCH b) PDSH c) PRACH
a) BCH
b) DL-SCH
c) PCH
d) RACH
Q10
a) PBCH
b) PDSH
c) PRACH
d) PUCCH
Q11
a) PHY
b) MAC
c) RLC
d) PDCP
Q12
a) QoS
b) priority handling

which of the following physical channels are not mapped above the physical layer?

which of the following LTE protocol stack layers is responsible for mapping logical channels to transport channels?

CQI, QoS, MIMO rank and subscriber priority are all used by which MAC layer process?

c) buffer control

d) contention resolution

LTE Radio Interface

Q13

incremental redundancy and chase combining are methods used by which MAC layer function ?

a) forward error correction
b) adaptive modulation and coding
c) priority handling HARQ

d) a) b) c) d) a) logical channels b) transport channels c) physical channels d)
d)
a)
b)
c)
d)
a) logical channels
b) transport channels
c) physical channels
d) radio bearers
a) unacknowledged data transfer
b) error checking
c) retransmission requests

logical to transport channel mapping transport to physical channel mapping acknowledged mode transfer of data hybrid ARQ processes

Q15

BCCH, PCCH and DCCH are all…

Q16

Q14

which of the following functions is carried out by the LTE RLC protocol layer?

when the LTE RLC protocol operates in acknowledged mode, which of the following functions is supported?

d) header compression

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q17

which state is the UE RRC layer said to be in, when there is no RRC connection with the network?

a) RRC_CONNECTED

b) RRC_ACTIVE

c) RRC_IDLE d) RRC_DETACHED a) sequence number field b) re-segmentation flag c) extension bit d)
c) RRC_IDLE
d) RRC_DETACHED
a) sequence number field
b) re-segmentation flag
c) extension bit
d) there are no headers
a) segmentation
b) re-assembly
c) concatenation
d) retransmission
a) RFC 1142
b) V.42bis
c) ROHC

Q18

in the RLC transparent mode data transfer which of the following frame headers are present?

Q19

the RLC function that assembles multiple SDUs in to a single RLC frame is known as?

Q20

what header compression mechanism is supported by the ROHC function?

d) bit puncturing

LTE Radio Interface

Q21

which of the following protocol headers can be compressed by the PDCP compression function?

a) TCP and IP b) MAC and RLC c) HTTP and SMTP d) FTP and
a) TCP and IP
b) MAC and RLC
c) HTTP and SMTP
d) FTP and DHCP
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_ACTIVE
c) RRC_IDLE
d) RRC_DETACHED
a)
b)
c)
d)
a) DCCH
b) CCCH
c) DTCH

Q23

Q22

if the UE has a communication context with the network and is able to transmit or receive data, what RRC state is the UE in?

the PDCP protocol layer provides encryption functions but which of the following information will be encrypted?

RLC and MAC PHY signals SIP and RTP system information messages

Q24

application level signalling such as SIP messages would be transferred using which logical channel?

d) MTCH

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q25

fully compressed packets are exchanged by the PDCP compression function when both peer layer are in which mode?

a) no context

b) initial context

c) full context d) packet active a) 6 bits b) 6 bytes c) 40 bits
c) full context
d) packet active
a) 6 bits
b) 6 bytes
c) 40 bits
d) 40 bytes
a) establishment and released of radio resources
b) transport channel mapping
c) header compression and encryption
d) authentication and admission control
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_ACTIVE
c) RRC_IDLE

Q28

Q26

when RTP, UDP and IP are used there can be up to 40 bytes of information in the header, ROHC compression could reduce this information to…

Q27

which of the following services are supported by the RRC layer?

if the UE is performing PLMN selections, monitoring paging channels, performing cell reselections and decoding system information messages, which RRC state is being used?

d) RRC_DETACHED

LTE Radio Interface

Q29

if the UE is considered to be in the LTE_DETATCHED state, what RRC state will the UE be in?

a) RRC_IDLE
b) RRC_CONNECTED
c) RRC_DETACHED there is no RRC state defined

d) a) encryption b) message integrity checking c) ARQ d) authorisation a) UM b) TM
d)
a) encryption
b) message integrity checking
c) ARQ
d) authorisation
a) UM
b) TM
c) AM
d) PM
a) SRB0
b) SRB1
c) SRB2

Q30

the PDCP function that allows detection of message manipulation and “man-in-the-middle” attacks is known as?

Q31

which RLC data transfer mode supports all of the following functions; segmentation, reassembly, packet retransmission, packet sequencing?

Q32

which SRB is used by the RRC to transfer low priority NAS messages?

d) SRB2a

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

Q33

which SRB would be used to carry RRC messages and some piggybacked NAS messages?

a) SRB0

b) SRB1 c) SRB2 d) SRB2a a) messages sent using the CCCH logical channel
b) SRB1
c) SRB2
d) SRB2a
a) messages sent using the CCCH logical channel

Q34

what type of messages may be transferred using SRB0?

b) RRC messages sent in the DCCH logical channel

c) low priority NAS messages sent on the DCCH

d) system information messages

LTE Procedures

secTion 4

LTe Procedures

LTE Procedures

self Assessment multiple choice Questions

cell selection and reselection

Q1

a UE may make a PLMN selection based on

a)

signalling from the EPC information stored on the SIM and/or best cell ranking cell identity user identity

b) c) d) a) suitable cell b) acceptable cell c) reserved cell d) barred cell
b)
c)
d)
a) suitable cell
b) acceptable cell
c) reserved cell
d) barred cell
a) Qrxlevmin
b) Pcompensation
c) Qrxlevmeas
d) Srxlev
a) cell selection
b) handover
c) measurement reporting
d) cell re-selection

Q3

UE will rank cells for selection based on which calculated parameter?

Q4

Q2

which of the following cell ranking is consider the highest (best) by the UE?

the calculated parameters or Rs and Rn are use by the UE during which process

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

cell re-selection will take place when

a)

Rs > Rn Rn > Rs Rn = Rs a new PLMN is detected

b) c) d) a) b) c) d) a) system level basis b) RNC level basis
b)
c)
d)
a)
b)
c)
d)
a) system level basis
b) RNC level basis
c) tracking area basis
d) cell level basis
a) cell area
b) location area
c) tracking area
d) registration area
a) when battery level is low
b) on request by the user
c) at initial registration

Q8

the EPC records the location of the user down to a…

Q9

the UE will perform tracking area updates…

Q6

the re-selection parameters T re-selection and Qhyst scaled according the

number of cells in the neighbour cell list relative received signal strength of the serving and neighbour cells mobility state of the UE, high, med, low level of traffic in the neighbour cells

Q7

when the UE is in the RRC_CONNECTED state the radio access network knows where the UE is on a…

d) before establishing an EPS bearer

The LTE Protocols Layer 2 MAC, RLC and PDCP

self Assessment Multiple choice Questions

PdcP Layer Functions

Q1

which of the following functions is carried out by the LTE PDCP protocol layer?

a) sequencing and duplicate detection b) error detection and retransmission c) logical channel mapping d)
a) sequencing and duplicate detection
b) error detection and retransmission
c) logical channel mapping
d) packet reassembly
a) RFC 1142
b) V.42bis
c) ROHC
d) bit puncturing
a) TCP and IP
b) MAC and RLC
c) HTTP and SMTP
d) FTP and DHCP
a) RLC and MAC
b) PHY signals
c) SIP and RTP

Q3

Q2

what header compression mechanism is supported by the ROHC function?

which of the following protocol headers can be compressed by the PDCP compression function?

Q4

the PDCP protocol layer provides encryption functions but which of the following information will be encrypted?

d) system information messages

LTE Procedures

Q10

when the UE is registered to multiple tracking areas…

a) it must perform TA updates when ever it changes TA
b) will not perform TA updates whilst moving between the register areas

perform TA updates whilst moving between the register areas c) will perform TA updates only when

c) will perform TA updates only when instructed by the EPC

d) will only perform periodic TA updates

LTE Procedures

self Assessment multiple choice Questions

rrc connections, security and Handover

Q1

after the UE and eNB have exchanged the RRC Connection Request, RRC connection

Setup and RRC connection Setup Complete messages, what RRC state will the UE be in?

a) RRC_CONNECTED b) RRC_IDLE c) LTE_IDLE d) EMM_REGISTERED a) exchange of user data b) mutual
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_IDLE
c) LTE_IDLE
d) EMM_REGISTERED
a) exchange of user data
b) mutual UE-EPC authentication
c) configuration of QoS parameters
d) setup of VoIP connections
a) the UE and eNB
b) the UE and SGW
c) the UE and MME
d) the UE and PGW
a) data session
b) PDP context
c) initial bearer

Q2

which of the following purposes does the Registration procedure serve?

Q3

the registration procedure messages are exchanged between

Q4

during the registration procedure the UE establishes a data connection with the SWG and PGW, what is the name given to this connection.

d) packet data connection

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

what is the purpose of the initial bearer setup during the registration of the UE?

a)

allows immediate access to the internet higher layer applications use this to register their services, e.g. email, SIP to allow the negotiation of further RRC resources to allow registration on the 2G/3G network

b) c) d) a) GSM b) GPRS c) UMTS d) TETRA a) AUTN and RAND
b)
c)
d)
a) GSM
b) GPRS
c) UMTS
d) TETRA
a) AUTN and RAND
b) RAND and RES
c) RES and AUTN
d) RES and XRES
a) MME
b) UE
c) SGW
d) eNB
a) S1-MME
b) S1-U
c) X2

Q6

the security mechanisms used in LTE registration are similar to the procedures used in?

Q7

what two values are compared in the EPC to process the authentication of the UE?

Q8

in LTE, which network node will make the handover decisions?

Q9

LTE handover are likely to use which network interface ?

d) S6

LTE Procedures

Q10

gap assisted measurements to assist with the LTE handover are likely to be used under which scenario?

a) intra-frequency measurement where channel bandwidths are the same
b) intra-frequency measurements where channel bandwidths are different
c) inter-frequency measurements where channel bandwidths are the same

measurements where channel bandwidths are the same d) intra-frequency measurements on adjacent sectors ©

d) intra-frequency measurements on adjacent sectors

LTE Procedures

end-of-section 4 multiple choice Questions

Q1

the EPC records the location of the user down to a…

a) A

cell area

b) B

location area

c) C tracking area d) D registration area a) A suitable cell b) B acceptable
c) C
tracking area
d) D
registration area
a) A
suitable cell
b) B
acceptable cell
c) C
reserved cell
d) D
barred cell
a) A
LTE_Detached
b) B
LTE_Attached
c) C
LTE_Idle
d) D
LTE-Active
a) A
downlink system bandwidth

Q3

Q2

which of the following cell ranking is consider the highest (best) by the UE?

when the EPC has no specific knowledge of the UE or its location the UE is considered to be in which mode?

Q4

which of the following information is contained within the master information block, MIB

b) B

access classes

c) C

cell identity

d) one bit call barring

D

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

how long is the system information received by the UE considered to be valid for?

a) A

1 hour

b) B

2 hours

c) C 6 hours d) D 24 hours a) non-contended access b) contended access c)
c) C
6 hours
d) D
24 hours
a) non-contended access
b) contended access
c) special HO access procedure
d) non-random access
a) cell selection
b) handover
c) measurement reporting
d) cell re-selection
a) intra-frequency measurement where channel bandwidths are the same
b) intra-frequency measurements where channel bandwidths are different
c) inter-frequency measurements where channel bandwidths are the same
d) intra-frequency measurements on adjacent sectors
a) number of cells in the neighbour cell list
b) relative received signal strength of the serving and neighbour cells
c) mobility state of the UE, high, med, low

Q6

when the random access procedure is used during the handover, it is likely to use

Q7

the calculated parameters or Rs and Rn are use by the UE during which process

Q8

gap assisted measurements to assist with the LTE handover are likely to be used under which scenario?

Q9

the re-selection parameters T re-selection and Qhyst scaled according the

d) level of traffic in the neighbour cells

LTE Procedures

Q10

SIB 1, sometimes called the scheduling unit -1, is retransmitted every…

a) 40mS

b) 80mS c) 10mS d) depends on the scheduling parameters a) UE registration b) TA
b)
80mS
c)
10mS
d)
depends on the scheduling parameters
a) UE registration
b) TA update
c) paging
d) random access
a) Rs > Rn
b) Rn > Rs
c) Rn = Rs
d) a new PLMN is detected
a)
chosen by the UE

Q12

cell re-selection will take place when

Q13

Q11

the procedure performed by the UE when moving from RRC_IDLE to RRC_CONNECTED state is called?

the random access procedure uses a 5 bit random preamble which is

b) pre-coded in the UE

c) assigned by the EPC

d) calculated from the frame number

LTE Radio Interface

Q14

the random access response contains the RA-RNTI, what properties does this identity have?

c) d) a) it is globally unique b) in contains the MAC address of the
c)
d)
a) it is globally unique
b) in contains the MAC address of the UE
it unambiguously identifies the time-frequency resource used by the UE for
access
it contains and encrypted version of the subscriber IMSI
Q15
after the UE and eNB have exchanged the RRC Connection Request, RRC connection
Setup and RRC connection Setup Complete messages, what RRC state will the UE be in?
a) RRC_CONNECTED
b) RRC_IDLE
c) LTE_IDLE
d) EMM_REGISTERED
Q16
a UE may make a PLMN selection based on
a) signalling from the EPC
b) information stored on the SIM and/or best cell ranking
c) cell identity
d) user identity
Q17
during the registration procedure the UE establishes a data connection with the SWG and
PGW, what is the name given to this connection.
a) data session
b) PDP context
c) initial bearer

d) packet data connection

LTE Procedures

Q18

which of the following purposes does the Registration procedure serve?

a)

exchange of user data mutual UE-EPC authentication configuration of QoS parameters setup of VoIP connections

b) c) d) Q19 what is the purpose of the initial bearer setup during the
b)
c)
d)
Q19
what is the purpose of the initial bearer setup during the registration of the UE?
a) allows immediate access to the internet
b) higher layer applications use this to register their services, e.g. email, SIP
c) to allow the negotiation of further RRC resources
d) to allow registration on the 2G/3G network
Q20
the security mechanisms used in LTE registration are similar to the procedures used in?
a) GSM
b) GPRS
c) UMTS
d) TETRA
Q21
in LTE, which network node will make the handover decisions?
a) MME
b) UE
c) SGW
d) eNB
Q22
the UE will perform tracking area updates…
a) when battery level is low
b) on request by the user
c) at initial registration

d) before establishing an EPS bearer

LTE Radio Interface

Q5

the PDCP function that allows detection of message manipulation and “man-in-the-middle” attacks is known as?

a)

encryption message integrity checking ARQ authorisation

b) c) d) Q6 a) sleep, idle and active b) off, idle and on c)
b)
c)
d)
Q6
a) sleep, idle and active
b) off, idle and on
c) no context, initial context, full context
d) null, unregistered and registered
Q7
a) no context
b) initial context
c) full context
d) packet active
Q8
a) 6 bits
b) 6 bytes

the ROHC is a 3 state machine, which of the following are the 3 possible states?

fully compressed packets are exchanged by the PDCP compression function when both peer layer are in which mode?

when RTP, UDP and IP are used there can be up to 40 bytes of information in the header, ROHC compression could reduce this information to…

c) 40 bits

d) 40 bytes