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TECHNICAL NOTES

Anchorage and Bracing of Equipment and Mechanical


Systems - Compilation of Available Guidance

Minkyu Lee
Fire Protection Research Foundation
October 2012

The Fire Protection Research Foundation


One Batterymarch Park
Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 02169-7471
E-Mail: foundation@nfpa.org
Web: www.nfpa.org/foundation

(This page left intentionally blank)

Foreword
Guidance on good installation practice for seismic bracing and anchoring is
available from many diverse sources. For ease in use, this report is a compilation
of references to this information: existing codes, standards and best practices for
installation of equipment and mechanical systems to mitigate post earthquake
damage.
It includes readily available information on sprinkler systems,
combustible liquid systems, piping, electrical equipment, and mechanical
equipment from U.S. and selected international sources.
The content, opinions and conclusions contained in this report are solely those of
the author and do not necessarily represent the views of the Fire Protection
Research Foundation. The Foundation makes no guaranty or warranty as to the
accuracy or completeness of any information published herein.

Acknowledgements
The Fire Protection Research Foundation expresses gratitude to those that assisted with the
development and review of the information contained in this report. The Research Foundation
appreciates the guidance provide by the Project Technical Panel: CNA Insurance, FM Global,
Liberty Mutual, Tokio Marine Management, Inc., Travelers Insurance, XL Group, and Zurich
NA.
Special thanks are expressed to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) for funding this
project.

Keywords: seismic, earthquake, brace, bracing, anchor, anchoring, anchorage

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Anchorage and Bracing of Equipment and Mechanical


Systems - Compilation of Available Guidance

Minkyu Lee
Fire Protection Research Foundation

The Fire Protection Research Foundation


One Batterymarch Park
Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 02169-7471
E-Mail: foundation@nfpa.org
Web: www.nfpa.org/foundation

Page 1 of 17

Acknowledgements
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements ............................................................................................................. 2
Table of Contents ................................................................................................................ 2
1. Introduction and Background ..................................................................................... 3
2. Standards and Guidance Compilation Process ........................................................... 3
3. Standards and Guidance Compilation......................................................................... 5
1. Sprinkler system....................................................................................................... 5
1.1 Sprinkler system piping .................................................................................... 5
1.2 Fire pump .......................................................................................................... 6
1.3 Sprinkler system water storage tanks ............................................................... 6
2. Combustible liquid systems ..................................................................................... 7
2.1 Combustible liquid tanks .................................................................................. 7
2.2 Combustible liquid piping ................................................................................ 7
3. Medical Gas piping .................................................................................................. 8
4. Refrigerant piping .................................................................................................... 9
5. Cable Trays ............................................................................................................ 10
6. Transformers .......................................................................................................... 10
7. Tanks (other) .......................................................................................................... 11
8. Ovens/furnace ........................................................................................................ 11
9. General ................................................................................................................... 12
10. Others ................................................................................................................. 14
11. Private Company Literature ............................................................................... 16
12. Related Information............................................................................................ 17
13. Guidelines from Outside of the United States .................................................... 17

Page 2 of 17

1. Introduction and Background


There is range of equipment and mechanical systems in buildings that are vulnerable to
seismic damage. The failure of fire protection systems; the release of fire protection
agents, fire protection liquids, or flammable or combustible liquids or gases; and the
creation of fire hazards are all forms of property damage which can occur during an
earthquake. Equipment damage mitigation strategies include the provision of restraint,
for example anchors and bracing systems, or other design details such as flexible joints.
Vulnerable equipment types include sprinkler systems, combustible liquid systems,
piping, electrical equipment, and mechanical equipment. Each of these types has unique
requirements for installation of seismic bracing, anchors, and specific methods for
protecting equipment from earthquake damage. The goal of this project was to identify
and compile available guidance in the literature into a readily accessible form. Note that
this is not a complete list of references; however an attempt was made to identify those
readily available publications of most relevance to the topic.

2. Standards and Guidance Compilation Process


An extensive search of published standards, publications, and the academic literature was
conducted and references were compiled.
Each publication was assigned a unique index number. To assess the most current
version, all of the guidance is sorted by date. To aid readers who are seeking information
about a specific type of equipment, the guidelines are grouped by equipment type. Some
documents in the list are available on line; some are available through the NFPA library;
and some require purchase.
For each publication, the list includes the title, specific page or chapter numbers where
relevant, date of publication, a brief summary or comment about the information, and
links on where to find it.
The compilation has twelve sections. Other than the final two sections, each section is for
a different type of equipment: sprinkler systems, combustible liquid systems, medical gas
piping, refrigerant piping, cable trays, transformers, tanks, ovens/furnaces, general
equipment, and other equipment. Sprinkler systems and combustible liquid systems are
divided into subcategories. The sprinkler systems section is divided into sprinkler system
piping, fire pumps, and sprinkler system storage tanks. The combustible liquid systems
section is divided into combustible liquid tanks and combustible liquid piping. The
Page 3 of 17

general equipment section includes information that is not specific to a particular type of
equipment.
Section 11 contains selected literature published by manufacturers/other private sector
organizations. This list was subjectively chosen, and includes those private sector
guidelines thought to be useful to readers.
Section 12 contains relevant publications which are not guidelines for seismic protection
or do not belong in any of the above categories.
Section 13 contains selected, readily available, international publications which may be
of interest.
Many guidelines are listed several times, since they are applicable to more than one type
of equipment. The page numbers or chapter numbers are provided for each specific type
of equipment covered in the document.
Some guidelines are specifically designed for a specific type of site or project, such as a
nuclear facility; this is explained in the comments.
It should be noted that even though types of equipment are separated by section in the
compilation, readers may need to look at multiple sections for one equipment installation.
For example, for ovens, an installer may need to refer to the sections for ovens, exhaust
stacks, suction tanks, piping, fire pumps, etc.

Page 4 of 17

3. Standards and Guidance Compilation


1. Sprinkler system
1.1 Sprinkler system piping
Index
#

1.1-1

1.1-2

Reference
Volume/Title

Pg(s) or
chapter

AFSA/
Seismic Bracing &
Restraint Layout and
Calculation
AFSA/
Seismic Bracing
Requirements for
Fire Sprinkler
Systems

FM DS2-0 /
Installation
1.1-3 Guidelines for
Automatic
Sprinklers

p 79 ~ p 80

FM DS2-8 /
Earthquake
p 4 ~ p 8,
1.1-4 Protection for
p 20 ~ p 33
Water-Based Fire
Protection Systems
1.1-5

NFPA 13/
Standard for the
installation of
Sprinkler Systems

p 85 ~ p 86,
p 393 ~
p 461

Date
Published

Comments

Link

09/2011

Handout document that explain


how to layout sprinkler system
piping using NFPA 13 and
ASCE 7.

http://www.firesprinkler.
org/convention/handouts/
9-15_Seismic2.pdf

09/2011

Handout document that explain


how to design and install
sprinkler system piping using
NFPA 13 and ASCE 7.

http://www.firesprinkler.
org/convention/handouts/
9-15_Seismic1.pdf

Guide which addresses the


attachment of pipe hanger
assemblies to steel purlins.
04/2011
The section addresses
hangers, not braces, but short
hangers may be used as
restraints.
Recommendations on sway
brace locations and brace
05/ 2010
connections for fire protection
systems which include
piping.
2010

1.1-6

SMACNA/
The Seismic
Restraint Manual for
Mechanical System

2008

1.1-7

FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraint for Duct
and Pipe

01/2004

http://www.fmglobal.com
/fmglobalregistration/Vsh
ared/FMDS0200.pdf

http://www.fmglobal.com
/fmglobalregistration/Vsh
ared/FMDS0208.pdf

Standard and guide to hanging,


bracing, and restraint of system
piping.

http://www.nfpa.org/abou
tthecodes/AboutTheCode
s.asp?DocNum=13

This is manual to install seismic


restraint for piping and ductwork
mainly for HVAC system but
does not differentiate other type
of pipes. This manual includes
requirement and practical guide
about how to install restraint for
each different size and material
of the pipe.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for ducts, pipe,
and in-line equipment (dampers,
coils, fans, VAV boxes, valves,
pumps, heat exchangers,
strainers, air separators, etc.).

http://smacna.org/booksto
re/index.cfm?fuseaction=
search_results&keyword
=Seismic%20Restraint%
20Manual:%20Guideline
s%20for%20Mechanical
%20Systems,%203rd%20
Edition

Page 5 of 17

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37

1.1-8

CLSE, AFSA/
NFPA 13 - 2002
Edition Seismic
Design for Fire
Sprinkler Systems

2002

This is PowerPoint course


document that explains how to
design and install sprinkler
system piping step by step using
NFPA 13.

http://www.clse.org/edu/s
eismic08-05/seismic.pdf

2012

Seismic restraint guideline for


piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces, water
pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general
HVAC systems.

http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint

p 42

05/2010

Anchorage of Fire pump


installations

http://www.fmglobal.com
/fmglobalregistration/Vsh
ared/FMDS0208.pdf

p 26 ~ p 27

12/2002

Seismic restraint installation


guide for pumps

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

1.2 Fire pump


ASHRAE/
1.2-1 Practical Guide to
Seismic Restraint

1.2-2

1.2-3

FM DS2-8 /
Earthquake
Protection for WaterBased Fire Protection
Systems
FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment

1.3 Sprinkler system water storage tanks


ASHRAE/
1.3-1 Practical Guide to
Seismic Restraint

1.3-2

FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment

p 28 ~ p 29

2012

Seismic restraint guideline for


piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces, water
pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general
HVAC systems.

http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint

12/2002

Seismic restraint installation


guide for tanks which includes
water tanks

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

Page 6 of 17

2. Combustible liquid systems


2.1 Combustible liquid tanks

2.1-1

FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment

p 28 ~ p 29

12/2002

Seismic restraint installation


guide for tanks and gas
cylinders

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

2.2 Combustible liquid piping

2.2-1

UFC 3-310-04/
Seismic Design of
Buildings

ASHRAE/
2.2-2 Practical Guide to
Seismic Restraint

2.2-3

SMACNA/
The Seismic
Restraint Manual for
Mechanical System

2.2-4

UFGS-13 48 00.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Mechanical
Equipment

B-9(p 108) ~
B-15(p 114)

05/2012

2012

2008

10/2007

This manual is for DoD projects


and includes seismic design for
buildings which includes bracing
and restraints on piping.
Seismic restraint guideline for
piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces, water
pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general
HVAC systems.
This is manual to install seismic
restraint for piping and ductwork
mainly for HVAC system but
does not differentiate other type
of pipes. This manual includes
requirement and practical guide
about how to install restraint for
each different size and material
of the pipe.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for boilers and
furnaces; water heaters;
expansion air separator tanks;
heat exchangers; water chiller
units; cooling towers; refrigerant
piping; pumps with motors; large
commercial dryers; gas dryers;
flash tanks; accumulator tanks;
storage tanks for oil and water;
steam, water, oil and gas pipe;
valves and fittings for piping;
steam-fed kitchen appliances;
thermal storage units; air and
refrigerant compressors; air

Page 7 of 17

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFC/ufc_3_310_0
4.pdf
http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint
http://smacna.org/booksto
re/index.cfm?fuseaction=
search_results&keyword
=Seismic%20Restraint%
20Manual:%20Guideline
s%20for%20Mechanical
%20Systems,%203rd%20
Edition

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.00%201
0.pdf

2.2-5

FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraint for Duct
and Pipe

2.2-6

FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraint for Duct
and Pipe

2.2-7

SSC-02-03/
Improving Natural
Gas Safety
in Earthquakes

2.2-8

FEMA-233
Earthquake
Resistant
Construction of Gas
and Liquid Fuel
Pipeline Systems
Serving, or
Regulated by, the
Federal Government

01/2004

p 107 ~
p 148

p 26 ~ p 43

01/2004

handling units; lab scrubbers,


pollution control equipment;
ducts; unit heaters; exhaust and
return fans; solar heating units,
etc.
Seismic restraint and bracing,
installation guide for ducts, pipe,
and in-line equipment (dampers,
coils, fans, VAV boxes, valves,
pumps, heat exchangers,
strainers, air separators, etc.).
Anchor selection guide for ducts
and piping.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37
http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37

07/2002

Fuel gas shut-off valves


earthquake actuated and excess
flow actuated.

http://www.seismic.ca.go
v/pub/CSSC_200203_Natural%20Gas%20S
afety.pdf

07/1992

Overview of measures taken by


Federal Agencies to protect
pipeline systems as well as
above-ground storage tanks.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=16
39

This is manual to install seismic


restraint for piping and ductwork
mainly for HVAC system but
does not differentiate other type
of pipes. This manual includes
requirement and practical guide
about how to install restraint for
each different size and material
of the pipe.
Seismic restraint, anchor,
installation guide for ducts, pipe,
and in-line equipment (dampers,
coils, fans, VAV boxes, valves,
pumps, heat exchangers,
strainers, air separators, etc.).

http://smacna.org/booksto
re/index.cfm?fuseaction=
search_results&keyword
=Seismic%20Restraint%
20Manual:%20Guideline
s%20for%20Mechanical
%20Systems,%203rd%20
Edition

3. Medical Gas piping

3-1

SMACNA/
The Seismic
Restraint Manual for
Mechanical System

3-2

FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraint for Duct
and Pipe

2008

01/2004

Page 8 of 17

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37

4. Refrigerant piping
Index
#

4-1

Reference
Volume/Title

ASHRAE/
Practical Guide to
Seismic Restraint

4-2

SMACNA/
The Seismic Restraint
Manual for
Mechanical System

4-3

UFGS-13 48 00.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Mechanical
Equipment

4-4

FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for Duct
and Pipe

Pg(s) or
chapter

Date
Published

2012

2008

10/2007

01/2004

Comments

Link

Seismic restraint guideline for


piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces, water
pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general
HVAC systems.
This is manual to install seismic
restraint for piping and ductwork
mainly for HVAC system but
does not differentiate other type
of pipes. This manual includes
requirement and practical guide
about how to install restraint for
each different size and material
of the pipe.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for boilers and
furnaces; water heaters;
expansion air separator tanks;
heat exchangers; water chiller
units; cooling towers;
refrigerant piping; pumps with
motors; large commercial dryers;
gas dryers; flash tanks;
accumulator tanks; storage tanks
for oil and water; steam, water,
oil and gas pipe; valves and
fittings for piping; steam-fed
kitchen appliances; thermal
storage units; air and refrigerant
compressors; air handling units;
lab scrubbers, pollution control
equipment; ducts; unit heaters;
exhaust and return fans; solar
heating units, etc.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for ducts, pipe,
and in-line equipment (dampers,
coils, fans, VAV boxes, valves,
pumps, heat exchangers,
strainers, air separators, etc.).

http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint

Page 9 of 17

http://smacna.org/booksto
re/index.cfm?fuseaction=
search_results&keyword
=Seismic%20Restraint%
20Manual:%20Guideline
s%20for%20Mechanical
%20Systems,%203rd%20
Edition

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.00%201
0.pdf

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37

5. Cable Trays
Index
#

Reference
Volume/Title

Pg(s) or
chapter

Date
Published

Comments

Link

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFC/ufc_3_310_0
4.pdf

5-1

UFC 3-310-04/
Seismic Design of
Buildings

B-7(p 106) ~
B-8(p 107)

05/2012

This manual is for DoD projects


and includes seismic design for
buildings which includes bracing
and restraints on suspended
equipment (HVAC ducts, cable
trays and bus ducts, electrical
conduits, conduit racks, and
vibration isolation).

5-2

FEMA 413/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Electrical Equipment

p 30 ~ p 50

09/1994

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for cable trays

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=46
26

Date
Published

Comments

Link

6. Transformers
Index
#

Reference
Volume/Title

6-1

UFGS-26 05 48.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Electrical Equipment

6-2

IEEE 693-2005/
Recommended
Practice for
Seismic Design of
Substations

6-3

IEEE 344/
Recommended
Practice for Seismic
Qualification of
Equipment for
Nuclear Power
Generating Station

Pg(s) or
chapter

10/2007

Purchase
Required
Link to
2004 draft
provided

Purchase
Required

05/2006

2004

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for control
panels, pumps with motors,
lighting fixtures, motor control
centers, switchboards (floor
mounted), air handling units,
switchgear, unit substations,
transformers, storage racks,
solar heating units, conduits,
engine-generators, free standing
electric motors, etc.
Seismic design of general
equipments which include
transformers.
Does not address Class IE
equipment for nuclear power
stations.
This document addresses Class
IE equipment which IEEE
defines as essential to the safe
shutdown of a nuclear reactor
and to the avoidance of
radioactive material release.
This may target a standard that
exceeds our expectations for
normal business application.

Page 10 of 17

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
26%2005%2048.00%201
0.pdf

http://ebookbrowse.com/
05-ieee-693-draft-92004-pdf-d91094869
http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/
xpl/articleDetails.jsp?tp=
&arnumber=1440989&co
ntentType=Standards&so
rtType%3Dasc_p_Seque
nce%26filter%3DAND%
28p_Publication_Number
%3A9842%29

6-4

FEMA 413/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Electrical Equipment

p 24 ~ p 25

09/1994

Seismic restraint and anchor, and http://www.fema.gov/libr


installation guide for
ary/viewRecord.do?id=46
transformers
26

Date
Published

Comments

7. Tanks (other)
Index
#

Reference
Volume/Title

7-1

GAP.2.0.9.1/
Seismic Bracing

7-2

UFGS-13 48 00.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Mechanical
Equipment

7-3

FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment

Pg(s) or
chapter

06/2008

10/2007

p 28 ~ p 29

Seismic bracing installation


guide for general equipment
which includes tanks.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for boilers and
furnaces; water heaters;
expansion air separator tanks;
heat exchangers; water chiller
units; cooling towers; refrigerant
piping; pumps with motors; large
commercial dryers; gas dryers;
flash tanks; accumulator tanks;
storage tanks for oil and
water; steam, water, oil and gas
pipe; valves and fittings for
piping; steam-fed kitchen
appliances; thermal storage
units; air and refrigerant
compressors; air handling units;
lab scrubbers, pollution control
equipment; ducts; unit heaters;
exhaust and return fans; solar
heating units, etc.

Link

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.00%201
0.pdf

12/2002

Seismic restraint installation


guide for tanks and gas
cylinders.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

Date
Published

Comments

Link

2012

Seismic restraint guideline for


piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces,
water pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general

http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint

8. Ovens/furnace
Index
#

8-1

Reference
Volume/Title

ASHRAE/ Practical
Guide to Seismic
Restraint

Pg(s) or
chapter

Page 11 of 17

HVAC systems.

8-2

FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment

p 12 ~ p 13

12/2002

Seismic restraint installation


guide for boilers, furnaces,
humidifiers, and water heaters.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

Pg(s) or
chapter

Date
Published

Comments

Link

Seismic restraint guideline for


piping, water heaters, storage
tanks, ovens and furnaces, water
pumps, electric generators,
combustible tank, and general
HVAC systems.
Description of risk reduction
methods for seismic damage of
nonstructural components.
Aimed at a non-engineering
audience.

http://www.ashrae.org/res
ources-publications/bookstore/pr
actical-guide-to-seismicrestraint

9. General
Index
#

Reference
Volume/Title

9-1

ASHRAE/
Practical Guide to
Seismic Restraint

9-2

FEMA E-74
Reducing the Risks
of Nonstructural
Earthquake Damage
A Practical Guide

9-3

ASCE 7-10/
Minimum Design
Loads for Buildings
and Other Structures

2012

01/2011

http://mitigation.eeri.org/
files/FEMA74_FieldMan
ual.pdf

2010

Seismic design requirements and


regulations for general buildings,
structures, and equipment.

http://www.techstreet.co
m/cgibin/detail?doc_no=asce%
7C7_02;product_id=1082
081

9-4

UFGS-13 48 00/
Seismic Protection
for Miscellaneous
Equipment

08/2008

Storage cabinets, storage racks,


shelving, partitions,
ornamentations, signs and
billboards, furnishings.

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.pdf

9-5

GAP.2.0.9.1/
Seismic Bracing

06/2008

Seismic bracing for general


equipment.

10/2007

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for boilers and
furnaces; water heaters;
expansion air separator tanks;
heat exchangers; water chiller
units; cooling towers; refrigerant
piping; pumps with motors; large
commercial dryers; gas dryers;
flash tanks; accumulator tanks;
storage tanks for oil and
water; steam, water, oil and gas
pipe; valves and fittings for
piping; steam-fed kitchen

9-6

UFGS-13 48 00.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Mechanical
Equipment

Page 12 of 17

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.00%201
0.pdf

9-7

UFGS-26 05 48.00
10/ Seismic
Protection for
Electrical Equipment

9-8

FEMA 232/
Homebuilders Guide
to EarthquakeResistant Design and
Construction

9-9

CSSC/
Commercial Property
Owners Guide to
Earthquake Safety

9-10

9-11

9-12

9-13

IBC 2006 section


1613/ Earthquake
Loads General
FEMA 412/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Mechanical
Equipment
FEMA 413/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for
Electrical Equipment
SAND93-8012/
Nonstructural
Seismic Restraint
Guidelines

10/2007

p 64 ~
p 67,
141 p ~
150 p

06/2006

01/2006

appliances; thermal storage


units; air and refrigerant
compressors; air handling units;
lab scrubbers, pollution control
equipment; ducts; unit heaters;
exhaust and return fans; solar
heating units, etc.
Seismic restraint and anchor,
installation guide for control
panels, pumps with motors,
lighting fixtures, motor control
centers, switchboards (floor
mounted), air handling units,
switchgear, unit substations,
transformers, storage racks, solar
heating units, conduits, enginegenerators, free standing electric
motors, etc.
Seismic resistant design guide
including anchor installation
guide for general home
equipment such as walls, water
heaters, and office equipment.
Seismic restraint guide for water
heaters, walls, floors, roofs, and
general building contents.
This guide was generated by
California Seismic Safety
Commission and it was
distributed under the provisions
of the Government Code
Selection.

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
26%2005%2048.00%201
0.pdf

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=21
03

http://www.seismic.ca.go
v/pub/CSSC_200602_COG.pdf

2006

Seismic building requirements,


calculations, and standards.

http://www.iccsafe.org/St
ore/Pages/Product.aspx?i
d=3000X12

p 96 ~
p 121

12/2002

Anchor selection guide for


general mechanical equipment.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
57

p 151 ~
p 159

09/1994

Anchor selection guide for


general electrical equipment.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=46
26

1993

Seismic restraint guideline for


general nonstructural equipment,
such as tables, refrigerators,
tanks, and gas cylinders.

http://www.osti.gov/bridg
e/servlets/purl/10185956unXkWP/native/1018595
6.pdf

Page 13 of 17

10.Others
Index #

10-1

10-2

10-3

10-4

10-5

10-6

10-7

Reference
Volume/Title

UFC 3-310-04/
Seismic Design of
Buildings

Pg(s) or
chapter

Date
Published

Comments

Link

05/2012

This manual is for DoD projects


and includes seismic design for
buildings which includes bracing
and restraints on suspended
equipment (HVAC ducts, cable
trays and bus ducts, electrical
conduits, conduit racks, and
vibration isolation) and general
base-mounted equipment.

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFC/ufc_3_310_0
4.pdf

2009

Contains sections on state-ofthe-art requirements for


anchorage design of
nonstructural components.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=41
03

04/2008

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for storage
racks.

http://www.palletracksyst
ems.com/documents/AN
SI_testing_standards.pdf

02/2008

Background document to FEMA


74, Reducing the Risks of
Nonstructural Earthquake
Damage A Practical Guide.
Presents current practice and
knowledge with regard to
bracing and anchorage of
nonstructural components and
contents.

http://www.atcouncil.org/
pdfs/SOAReport.pdf

p5~p6

09/2005

Seismic bracing installation


guide for water heaters.

www.pdc.org/pdf/prepare
dness/fema530.pdf

p 7 ~ p 24

09/2005

Seismic bracing, anchoring, and


strengthening guide for houses.

www.pdc.org/pdf/prepare
dness/fema530.pdf

09/2005

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for storage
racks.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
39

B-6(p 105)
~
B-8(p 107)

FEMA P-750
NEHRP
Recommended
Seismic Provisions
for New Buildings
and Other Structures
RMI MH16.1:2008/
Specification for the
Design, Testing and
Utilization of
Industrial Steel
Storage Racks
ATC-69 Reducing
the Risks of
Nonstructural
Earthquake Damage:
State-of-the-Art and
Practice Report
FEMA 530/
Earthquake Safety
Guide for
Homeowners
FEMA 530/
Earthquake Safety
Guide for
Homeowners
FEMA 460/ Seismic
Considerations for
Steel Storage Racks
Located in Areas
Accessible to the
Public

Page 14 of 17

10-8

10-9

10-10

10-11

10-12

10-13

Nonstructural
Earthquake
Mitigation Guidance
Manual
FEMA P-414/
Installing Seismic
Restraints for Duct
and Pipe
FEMA 450-1
NEHRP
Recommended
Provisions for
Seismic Regulations
for New Buildings
and Other Structures
Part 1: Provisions
and Part 2:
Commentary
NIST GCR 97-732/
Fire Hazards and
Mitigation Measures
Associated with
Seismic Damage of
Water Heaters
FEMA-172 NEHRP
Handbook of
Techniques for
Seismic
Rehabilitation of
Existing Buildings
FEMA-202
Earthquake
Resistant
Construction of
Electric
Transmission and
Telecommunication
Facilities Serving
the Federal
Government

http://www.bchelpline.co
m/BCAToolkit/resource_
files/tech_manuals/earthq
uake/Nonstructural_EQ_
Tech_Manual.pdf

04/2004

Guidance on practical mitigation


measures for reduction of
nonstructural seismic damage.

01/2004

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for duct, pipe,
and in-line equipment (dampers,
coils, fans, VAV boxes, valves,
pumps, heat exchangers,
strainers, air separators, etc. ).

2003

Architectural, mechanical and


electrical component design
seismic requirements.

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DHS/fema450_1.pdf

12/1997

Seismic restraint and anchor,


installation guide for water
heater and fuel gas shut-off
valves.

http://fire.nist.gov/bfrlpu
bs/build98/PDF/b98066.p
df

06/1992

Includes chapters on methods of


strengthening nonstructural
elements (e.g. precast elements,
curtain walls, etc) as well as
electrical and mechanical
components.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=15
12

09/1990

Overview of measures taken by


Federal agencies to protect
transmission and
telecommunication facilities.

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=16
35

Page 15 of 17

http://www.fema.gov/libr
ary/viewRecord.do?id=14
37

11.Private Company Literature


11-1

11-2

11-3

Mason Industries,
INC

Kinetic Noise
Control/ Pipe and
Duct Seismic
Application Manual

B-Line/ Seismic
Restraint (SRS 06)

11-4

ISAT/
Seismic Design
Manuals

11-5

Armstrong Seismic
Rx Suspension
System/
Seismic Rx Code
Compliant Solution

11-6

USG/
Seismic Technical
Guide

Purchase
Required

10/2011

Seismic restraint guidelines for


suspending piping, ductwork,
electrical systems, floor, and
roof mounted equipment.

2008~
2009

Descriptive guide for selectioninstallation of seismic restraint


for pipes and ducts.
This document includes seismic
restraint guidance for medical
gas piping, sprinkler system
piping, and refrigerant piping.

2006

Seismic restraint catalogue


which includes many useful
guidelines for selecting and
installing seismic restraints for
cable trays.

http://www.masonindustries.com/masonind/
_doc/pdf/SRG1011.pdf
http://www.kineticsnoise.
com/seismic/pipe_duct/pi
pe_duct_seismic_applicat
ion.pdf
or
http://www.kineticsnoise.
com/seismic/seismic_rest
raint_pipe_duct.aspx
http://www.cooperindustr
ies.com/content/dam/publ
ic/bline/Resources/Librar
y/catalogs/seismic_restrai
nts/seismic_opa0114_2006/SRS06.pdf

Seismic design manuals based


on IBC 2003, IBC 2006, and
CBC 2007.These manuals are
very specific on the topic and
cover many types of equipment
and structures, including cable
trays, ducts, and sprinkler
piping.

http://www.isatsb.com/pr
oducts.php

Seismic ceiling suspension


components
installation/selection guide.

http://www.armstrong.co
m/common/c2002/conten
t/files/34331.pdf

Seismic anchor guide includes


information on separation joints
and how to install them.

http://www.usg.com/rc/te
chnical-articles/seismictechnical-guide-seismicexpansion-joints-enSC2496.pdf

Page 16 of 17

12. Related Information


12-1

UFGS-13 48 00/
Seismic Protection
for Miscellaneous
Equipment
MasterSpec 226313/
Gas Piping for
Laboratory and
Healthcare Facilities

08/2008

DoD specification listing for


seismic protection of
miscellaneous equipment.

http://www.wbdg.org/ccb
/DOD/UFGS/UFGS%20
13%2048%2000.pdf

Purchase
Required

Specification listing for medical


gas piping.

http://www.masterspec.c
om/architectural_specific
ations.aspx

12-3

MasterSpec
15074/ Vibration
and Seismic
Controls for
Plumbing Piping
and Equipment

Purchase
Required

Specification listing for seismic


protection of piping.

http://www.masterspec.c
om/architectural_specific
ations.aspx

12-4

Masterformat (CSI)
13080/ Sound,
Vibration and
Seismic Control

Purchase
Required

12-2

Specification listing for seismic


protection of piping.

http://www.masterformat.
com/

13. Guidelines from Outside of the United States

13-1

13-2

13-3

13-4

Korea Infrastructure
Safety Corporation/
How to design
building to resist
earthquake
An Information
Booklet for the
International
Community in Kochi/
Preparing for the
Nankai Earthquake
Eurocode 8/
Design of structures
for earthquake
resistance
A Guide for Living in
Suita/
Earthquake/Tsunamis

p 5 ~ p 10

Purchase
Required

07/2011

Seismic design and restraint


selection (calculation) guide in
Korea.
Guide is focused at securing
walls.

http://www.kistec.or.kr/ki
stec/earth/earth0701.asp?
flashActive=110701

03/2008

Japanese information booklet to


prepare for earthquakes, with
seismic restraint guidelines for
general home equipment.

http://www.kochikia.or.jp/info/englishscrip
t2.pdf

Seismic resistant design manual


for bridges, tanks, pipelines, and
others.

http://www.eurocodes.co.
uk/EurocodeDetail.aspx?
Eurocode=8

Simple seismic design and


restraint guideline in Japan.

http://www.city.suita.osa
ka.jp/var/rev0/0031/8785/
p12-13.pdf

Page 17 of 17