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MATHEMATICAL ABILITY

1. Mr. Santos gained 15%, based on cost, of selling ¾ of a shipment of


textiles. He sold the remainder at a lost of 10% of the cost. What percent
of the cost did he gain on the entire shipment?

a. 10% b. 9% c. 5% d. 15% e. none of these

2. The sum of 2 numbers is 5/12. If one of them is 1/6, what is the other?

a. 1/6 b. ¼ c. 3/10 d. 15/20 e. none of these

3. Identify the fraction which has the smallest or least value.

a.3/14 b. 2/12 c. 16/24 d. 2/15 e. none of these

4. Which of the following has the greatest value?

a.6/10 b. 16/20 c. 9/10 d. 20/16 e. none of these

5. The equivalent of 48% in decimal is ___

a. 4.8 b. 0.048 c. 4.08 d. 0.0048 e. none of these

6. Which of the following is a true statement?

a. 1/3 + 2/4 equals 2/6 + ½


b. 5/8 + 1/5 equals 19/24
c. 3/5 + 2 equals 3/7

7. The quotient of 2.4 divided by 0.05 is ____

a. 5 b. 0.05 c. 500 d. 50 e. none of these

8. If ¾ of Mario’s money in the bank is P112.50, how much is 5/6?

a. P130.00 b. P125.00 c. P116.00 d. P118.90 e. none of these

9. At the rate of P3.30 per hundred, how much is the cost of 330 candies?

a. P14.00 b. P10.89 c. P21.56 d. P9.76 e. none of these

10. The value of 2 to the fifth power is ____

a. 32 b. 10 c. 25 d. 36 e. none of these

11. The square root of 25 times the square root of 81 is _____

a. 45 b. 120 c. 90 d. 60 e. none of these

12. The sum of two numbers is 48 and their difference is 12. What are the two
numbers?

a. 12 and 40 b. 30 & 18 c. 60 & 12 d. 15 & 36 e. none of these


13. Jade made 20% of the cost by selling pocketbooks at P7.50., how many
pocketbooks did he sell?

a. 50 b. 45 c. 41 d. 33 e. none of these

14. A machine that cost P2,800 was sold for P600.00 after it had been used
for five years. What was the average yearly decreased in value?

a. 480 b. 450 c. 400 d. 390 e. none of these

15. In a certain day ¼ of the employees of an office were away on vacation


and 1/8 away on official leave. If 270 were present, how many employees
compose the office forced?

a. 480 b. 450 c. 400 d. 390 e. none of these

16. Find the sum: 299 + 943 + 398 + 101.

a. 1531 b. 1641 c. 1741 d. 122 222

17. If 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 = 55, then


11 + 12 + 13 + 14 + 15 + 16 + 17 + 18 + 19 + 20 = ?

a. 65 b. 155 c. 125 d. 550

18. Find the product: 800 x 125.

a. 925 b. 1000 c. 10 000 d. 100 000

19. Find the quotient: 8 000 ÷ 125

a. 48 b. 64 c. 80 d. 88

20. What is the remainder when 192 888 is divided by 8?

a. 0 b. 4 c. 8 d. 24 111

21. Rounding 299 943 to the nearest thousand the result is ___

a. 299 940 b. 299 000 c. 299 900 d. 300 000

22. 398.101 is read as

a. three hundred ninety eight , one hundred one


b. three hundred ninety eight and one hundred one
c. three hundred ninety eight and one hundred one hundredths
d. three hundred ninety eight and one hundred one thousandths.

3 5
23. Find the value of x: x = --(72) + -- (35)
8 7

a. 27 b. 36 c. 45 d. 52

24. What is 25% of 228?

a. 52 b. 57 c. 54 d. 912
25. 288 is 25% of what number?

a. 52 b. 57 c. 54 d. 912

26. 168 is what percent of 672?

a. 25% b. 50% c. 400% d. 80%

27. Find 3 ¼ of 16?

a. 7 b. 16 c. 39 d. 52

28. Evaluate: 1 + ½ + ¼ + 1/8 =?

a. 1 3/16 b. 1 3/8 c. 1 5/8 d. 1 7/8

29. Find the value of x in the equation 3x + 7 = 28.

a. 7 b. –7 c. ± 7 d. 4

30. Which of the following has the greatest value?

8 1
a.--------- c. ----------------
(62)(82) (63)(82)

16 168
b. ---------- d. ----------
(62)(82) (64)(83)

31. If 8x + 12 = 24, what is the value of 24x + 36?

a. 4 b. 6 c. 8 d. 72

32. Eighteen less than seven times the number of sandwiches is 269. how
many sandwiches are there?

a. 32 b. 41 c. 44 d. 45

33. The sale price of a television sets is P 7,200. The discount rate is 40%.
Find its regular price.

a. P 4,320 b. P12,000 c. P6,800 d. P10,000

34. A starting salary of a secretary at ABC computer Specialists is P15,000 a


month. Next year the starting salary will be raised to P18,000. What is the
rate of increase in the stating salary?

a. 3% b. 20% c. 25% d. 30%

35. How much one has to invest in corporate bonds paying 9.6% in order to
earn an income of P12,000 per annum?

a. P11,520 b. P23,040 c.P125,000 d.P250,000


36. Mr. Many Vargas, a real state broker sold a building for P175M. How
much did he receive if his commission is 5.5% of the sale price of the
property?

a. P9.5 M b. P9.7 M c.P9.625 M d. P180.5 M

37. If 560 out of 700 examinees passed in the recent Career Service Exam for
Sub-Professional level, what percent of the examinees passed?

a. 65% b. 72% c. 80% d. 140%