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# 4/4 B.Tech.

SEVENTH SEMESTER
AE7T1
Vibrations and Structural Dynamics
Credits: 4
Lecture: 4 periods/week
Internal assessment: 30 marks
Tutorial: 1 periods/week
Semester end examination: 70 marks
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Objectives:
1. Introduce the knowledge about vibrations and their applications
2. Propose the concept of single, double and multidegree freedom systems
for undamped and damped free vibrations
3. Study different types of forced vibrations and vibration measuring
instruments
4. Analyze different problems in shaft due to vibrations
5. Determine the natural frequencies in continuous system
Learning outcomes:
1. Learn how to model discrete single-degree and multiple-degree vibratory
systems and calculate the free and forced response of these systems.
2. Learn to model continuous vibratory systems vibration of strings, axial
vibration of rods, torsional vibration of shafts, and transverse vibrations of
slender beams.
3. Calculate the mode shapes and frequencies for the free response of
continuous vibratory systems and use modal methods to calculate the
forced response of these systems.
4. Learn to use finite element methods for the analysis of the vibrations of
structures. Apply the methods learned to a realistic engineering vibration
problem and write a report on the results.
UNIT I
INTRODUCTION
Simple harmonic motion, terminology, Newtons Law, DAlemberts Prinicple,
Resonance, Introduction to mechanism of damping, Damped and Undamped
oscillations, Degrees of freedom. Various mechanisms of damping, Equivalent
viscous damping
UNIT II
SINGLE DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS
Free vibrations, free damped vibrations, forced vibrations with and without
damping. Support excitation and vibration measuring instruments. Amplitude and
Phase response diagrams, Generalized single degree of freedom systems for
continuous structures and computation of K, M and C

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UNIT III
MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM SYSTEMS
Two / Three degree of freedom systems, static and dynamic coupling, vibration
absorbers, Principal coordinates, Principal modes, Orthogonality conditions
Hamiltons Principle, Lagranges equation and application. Longitudinal vibration,
lateral vibration, torsional vibration of shafts, dynamical equations of equilibria of
elastic bodies, natural frequencies and mode shapes determination.
UNIT IV
Methods determining natural frequencies and mode shape, Natural Vibrations of
solid continua. Determination of Eigen Values and Eigen modes
UNIT V
Natural frequency of rotating shafts Whirling of shafts. Dynamic balancing of
rotating shafts, Dynamic dampers
UNIT VI
Introduction to approximate methods for frequency analysis Rayleigh Ritz method
for vibration analysis, Diagonalization of stiffness, mass and damping matrices
using orthogonality conditions.
UNIT VII
Matrices for dynamic analysis, Kinematically consistent Load systems and
determination of [K], [M], [C] and [L] matrices, Normalization and formulation of
modal equations
UNIT VIII
Continuous systems: Free vibration of strings longitudinal oscillations of barstraverse vibrations of beams- Torsional vibrations of shafts
Learning resources
Text books:
1. R.W. Clough and Penzien, Dynamics of Structures. McGraw Hill 2nd
Edition 1993
2. Mechanical Vibrations by Singiresu. S. Rao, Pearson Education LPE-2004.
3. Rao, J.S and Gupta .K., Theory and practice of Mechanical vibrations, Wiley
Eastern Ltd., New Delhi, 2002.
References:
1. Fug, Y.C., an Introduction to Theory of Aeroelasticity, John Wiley & Sons,
NewYork,1984
2. Timoshenko, S., Vibration Problems in Engineering, John Wiley and Sons,
New York, 1987.
3. Shock and Vibrations by Harris & Creed Mc-Graw Hill book company, third
edition.
4. Mechanical Vibrations by V.P.Singh, Dhanapati Rai and Co. 2003 edition.

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