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Lesson 19

Let's Practice

Time is money

A.Fill in the blanks using the words from the box. Make the necessary changes. There are extra words.
root - mind - talk - persuade - hostage - co ntest
kidnappers - release - negotiator - ransom - evil - rescue team
team

1. I have a picture of him in my __________________.


2. The police is making every effort to obtain the __________________ of the __________________.
3. An __________________ glint came into her eye when she picked up the knife.
4. The __________________ were demanding a __________________of $25,000. But the members of the
congress are still thinking about it.
5. I'm having butterflies in my stomach. I have to give a __________________ in front of a big audience.
6. Be careful not to damage the __________________ when repotting the violets.
7. I finally managed to __________________ her to go out for a walk with me.
8. The ship finally sank. There were no survivors. The __________________ never arrived.

A. Chose the correct word in each sentence.


1. Teen Toby is a bit plump. He doesn't want to hang out because all his friends call him ______________.
a) chubby
b) honey
c) baby
2. If I can get whatever I want with money, it means that ______________.
a) money works
b) money speaks
c) money talks
3. After the death of her husband, Mrs. White can't ______________ with her husband's pension.
a) get by
b) get up
c) get out
4. The doctors found my sister strong enough to be ______________ so she's leaving hospital in two days'
time.
a) realized
b) released
c) noticed
5. The 7th Avenue Shopping Center has invited its customers for the new season's sale. All the prices have
been ______________ to 50%.
a) marked up
b) marked in
c) marked down
6. Nero is considered the first ______________ in history.
a) artist
b) architect
c) arsonist
7. The ______________ had success in managing the hijacking of Boeing 777. Everybody was safely
rescued.
a) negotiators
b) terrorists
c) criminals
8. When Margaret found her husband red handed, ______________ her. She asked for a divorce.
a) cheating on
b) cooking for
c) looking for

234

Time is Money

Lesson 19

A.Match the pairs of sentences which are closest in meaning.


1.You should have left.
2.You shouldn't have said that.
3.You needn't have said that.
4.You can't have been at the museum.
5.The dog may have bitten the girl.
6.The dog may not have bitten the girl.
7.The girl could have been attacked by a different animal.
8.You must have been somewhere else.
9.It is said the dog can't have bitten the girl.
10.You should have gone.
11.The girl could have been attacked by the pet.
12.People say the girl must have been attacked by a different animal.
13.It was unnecessary for you to have said that.
14.You ought to have been polite.

a.

1 , _____
10
_____

b.

_____ , _____

c.

_____ , _____

d.

_____ , _____

e.

_____ , _____

f.

_____ , _____

g.

_____ , _____

B.Write an example that expresses the use given. Use the verb in parentheses. Use past modals.
1.______________________________________________________________________________.
(unnecessary action / speed)
2.______________________________________________________________________________.
(criticism / wear)
3.______________________________________________________________________________.
(certain negative / fight)
4.______________________________________________________________________________.
(possibility negative / go)
5.______________________________________________________________________________.
(certain / misunderstand)
WRITING:
Write a paragraph speculating about the scene. Use the different structures learned in the lesson.

_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________

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PROJECT 19

IS MONEY THE

OF ALL

Objective: To use the present and past modals.


Materials: Use the internet and get proverbs, idioms,
expressions about money.
Procedure: Get in groups of six and discuss about the
information you have gotten. Say if you agree
or disagree. Write down your notes.
Notes:

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

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Lesson 20

The New 7 Wonders

Let's Practice
A. Unscramble the following words.
1. dimnitop

____________________

4. samrine

____________________

2. neword

____________________

5. chulna

____________________

3. atriova

____________________

6. ginghan

____________________

B. Circle the correct answer.

1. Illegally parked cars may be removed without prior / priest notice.


2. I've assigned / signed the job of looking after the new students.
3. Kate gazed at the mountains with awe / owe.
4. The workers caused a lot of plumbing / plundering in the outskirts of the town.
5. The school attributed / tribute the success of the school's program to the teachers.
6. Richard has just bought a new car and was given a CD player as a plus / must.
7. The sight of the Taj Mahal filled us with wander / wonder.
8. The company keeps a tally / telly of its last sales in red.
9. When getting goals perseverant / perseverance is a necessary attitude to accomplish them.
10.

A.

Chanchan Ruins are considered one of the most beautiful archaeological sights / sites in Trujillo.

Fill in the blanks with the appropriate verb in the past participle.
1. Being __________________ in some streets downtown is a very common sight nowadays.
2. To be __________________ by a paparazzi is what famous people are used to.
3. Children are usually afraid of being __________________ alone at home.
4. School students are not happy of being __________________ homework.
5. Lots of teenagers can't leave without being __________________ any pocket money.
6. Being __________________ in the traffic during the rush hour is really annoying.
7. Wanting to be __________________ vacations is my dream.
8. Dogs enjoy being __________________ for a walk twice a day.

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The New 7 Wonders

Lesson 20

B.

Change the passive sentences into active as close in meaning as possible.


1. The Cathedral was being rebuilt when I visited the town.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. The letter was typed by the secretary.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. I wouldn't like to be given additional work without being paid by my boss.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Many streets have been repaired by the road workers lately.
________________________________________________________________________________
5. A lot of prizes will be given at the end of the tournament.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. Puppies are adopted by families at the pet shop.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Students should be told about their progress in class at the end of every term by the tutors.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Newborns must be fed every time they are hungry by their mothers.
________________________________________________________________________________
9. A lot of people are being interviewed for the new position at the bank.
________________________________________________________________________________

10. Some prisoners will be released for good behavior at Christmas time.
________________________________________________________________________________

WRITING:
Write about a celebration in your country. What is prepared before it? What is done
during and after it?
-

Valentine's Day.
Mother's Day.
Christmas' Eve.

New Year's Eve.


Father's Day.
Carnivals, etc.

________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________

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PROJECT 20

THE PERUVIAN 7 WONDERS


Objective:

To use passive voice.

Materials:

Cardboard, photos or pictures, glue,


scissors, colors, markers. Get information
on the internet.

Procedure: Get in groups and prepare a wall chart.


Make a presentation in front of the
classroom.

Notes:

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

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Lesson 21

Ph

bias and Fears

Let's Practice
A.Read the following situations. What phobias do they suffer from?
1

2
After the bombing to Warsaw,
Natasha came out of her refugee
and had a terrible feeling of
loneliness when she saw all her
town pulled down and her family
and friends murdered. She could
never ever recover from that
experience. Since then she suffered
from _________________.

Old Mrs. Melody lives in a peaceful


village where the only sound comes
from the leaves, birds, wind and a
stream which goes past her hut. She
cant stand living in industrial
deafening areas anymore as she
used to before being retired. She
suffers from ___________________.

3
On the 29

th

February, Liz took the flight number LO 666 to Loreto. It was a stormy

morning and all the passengers were afraid of the flight, all of a sudden the captain
said, Fasten your seat belts. This is an emergency Everything was blurred when
she came to. She could catch a glimpse of burned corpses on her. Years after she
still has flashbacks and nightmares about it. She suffers from __________________.

A.Using the words in the box fill in the following sentences. Make any necessary changes.

fill with fear / acknowledge / phobia / absurd / squeeby-jeebies


scale / ordeal / venture / stroke

1. It is said that ________________ a cat from tail to head three times gives you good luck.
2. The ________________ of having your child kidnap could be something terrifying.
3. Don't be ________________. You are just worrying about nothing.
4. It is now generally ________________ that the Prime Minister was innocent.
5. As we ascend in the ________________ of life we rise in the ________________ of longevity.
6. The noise of nails against a wall can give me ________________.

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Phobias and Fears

Lesson 21

7. There are some people ________________ such as for blood, height, insects which can turn into
________________.
8. Nobody ________________ to say a word in front of that big audience.

A.

Choose the correct word.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
B.

Baseball is a hard / hardly game to understand.


There were hard / hardly empty seats.
You are certain / certainly a lot better today.
Some people got into the stadium free / freely.
Don't worry children can move free / freely around this area.
I just stood there foolish / foolishly.
It was a good / well match. Argentina were playing very good / well.
My head was aching bad / badly.
She speaks good / well English.
She likes wearing colorfully / colorful hats.

Put the adverbs in parenthesis in the correct position in the sentence. There can be more than one
place.
1. I don't know Robert. (well)
________________________________________________________________________________
2. Mathew had explained the rules to her. (patiently)
________________________________________________________________________________
3. Daniela didn't want to stay at the match. (definitely)
________________________________________________________________________________
4. Silvia had fallen asleep once or twice. (nearly)
________________________________________________________________________________
5. The younger you are, the more you learn. (quickly)
________________________________________________________________________________
6. She's been taking a lot of time off work. (lately)
________________________________________________________________________________
7. Cecilia is a very nice girl. (actually)
________________________________________________________________________________
8. Hilda wouldn't wait until the end. (certainly)
________________________________________________________________________________

WRITING:

Write a paragraph about what you fear most.


_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

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PROJECT 21

FAST? HERE? AT 4? ABSOLUTELY?


Objective:

To use adverb of manner, place, time and


degree.

Materials:

Photos or pictures of wild or sea animals,


glue, scissors. Use the internet to get
information.

Procedure:

Notes:

Get somebody who has gotten the same


animal and information as you and compare
it. Prepare a description of the animal using
adverbs.

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

242

Lesson 22

A day in the life


of Benjamin and Ingrid
Let's Practice
Fill in the blanks with the words from the box below. Make any necessary changes.
come up with

- daybreak - leftovers - chase


garden pond - on ice

- branch - arise

1. Some confusion has _________________ as a result of the traffic deviation.


2. The boarding staff had been trying to solve the problem when Richard _________________ a great idea.
3. The Morrison's family business has grown successfully that they are planning to open a new
_________________.
4. Beggars get fed from the _________________ they find in the trash cans outside fast food restaurants.
5. Look through the window, the cat is _________________ the mouse.
6. What has happened to you, poor little thing!!!' 'I was riding my bike when I fell into the _____________
7. I'm fed up with working on the computer. I'll put it _______________ and stretch my legs.
8. I can't get used to working all night and going to bed at _________________.

A.

Using the definitions below complete the crossword.


1

1. Wake up in a bad mood.


2. A poor area in
development.
3. An inexpensive restaurant
on a road.
4. A telephone service
disconected.
5. Something that helps you
reach high places.
6. A container for garbage.
7. Reduced cost.

5
6

243

A day in the life of Benjamin and Ingrid

A.

Lesson 22

If the preposition underlined is not appropriate, write a new one in the space. Put a check (
sentence is correct.
1. Andrea's sister has a job at JFK Airport.

___________

2. I met John yesterday by the city center.

___________

3. Ellen has a large hole at her left boot.

___________

4. Joshua sits in the back of the class.

___________

5. There was a small table at the bed.

___________

6. The robber was holding a gun in one hand.

___________

7. There was a beautiful portrait hanging at the wall.

___________

8. Henry didn't feel well and his doctor sent him to hospital.

___________

9. The children usually sit at the back seat of the car.

___________

10. To reach our beach house we take a road above the mountain.

B.

) if the

___________

Underline the correct preposition in each sentence.


1. There is a small store at / by the end of the road.
2. Paula was standing on / with one foot.
3. Laura has moved at / to Arequipa.
4. Don't walk at / in the road! It's dangerous.
5. From the plane we could see the hills below / under.
6. Bryan spent his vacations at / in Italy.
7. When the horse came to a small stream it jumped above / over it.
8. Julia's house is at / on the other side of the street.
9. Lisa cut her foot at / on some broken glass.

10. George was sitting in / on an armchair.


WRITING:
Describe your favorite place in your house. Use prepositions of place.
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

244

PROJECT 22

MY NEIGHBORHOOD
Objective: To use preposition of places, time and
movement.
Materials: Pencil, colors, markers, a piece of
cardboard.
Procedure: Design a street map and describe it to
your classmates using prepositions.

Notes:

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

245

Lesson 23

The Peruvian Paso

Let's Practice

A. Unscramble the letters.


1. Y M H N

: __________________

6. S T R P A S E T C O : __________________

2. C R O S E D A U G I : __________________

7. C H I R O U P E

3. T R E O A K U B

8. N E S G T H R E N T : __________________

: __________________

: __________________

4. E V E L D O W R F O : __________________

9. M H Y R T H

: __________________

5. T H I H G L I G H

10. L T E F T U R

: __________________

: __________________

Put the mistaken word back in the right sentence.

B.

1. For participating in cockfights is necessary to have a special kind of cock anthem.


2. When we were at school, we used to sing the National mare every Monday.
3. A breed is usually much smaller than a male horse.
4. When your aficionados are infected cause a lot of pain and sometimes bleed.
5. Lots of gums were at the airport fluttering their flags waitings for their favorite soccer team.
th

6. That 19 century farm is a popular waltz for wedding receptions.


7. My friend thinks that dancing luxury properly is very difficult.
8. I'm going to Greece on a venue cruise on my next vacations.
9. Mrs. Robinson was upset when her job promotion was overflowed again.
10. I forgot about the tub. It overlooked and flooded the bathroom.

A.

Do these sentences refer to the particular or the general nouns? Write Particular or General.
1. Motorbikes can be dangerous.

___________________

2. Trains in France usually run on time.

___________________

3. All the trains we went on in Spain were late.

___________________

4. Cars with diesel engines are more economical than cars with
petrol engines.

___________________

5. The cars they make in the USA are sold all over the world.

___________________

6. All the bicycles I've owned have been Chinese.

___________________

7. Bikes are very popular in Holland.

___________________

8. Buses in London are red.

___________________

246

The Peruvian Paso

Lesson 23

All the articles (the / a / an) have been taken out of these texts. Replace them where necessary.

B.

1.

2.

School classrooms have changed very little over last century. Walls may be
little more colorful and chairs may be more comfortable, but school - child of
100 years ago would have no difficulty in recognizing today's classroom.
There are still rows of desks, perhaps blackboard, and shelves of books.
However, these days there is something found in classrooms that would
bewilder them computer. And it is this that is completely changing way we
learn at school, at college and in home.

When crime is first discovered, police often don't know who has done it or
why. Usually, though, person who has committed crime will have left some
evidence of their identity at scene such as footprint, blood or fibres from
clothing. This evidence often forms basis of any case against suspect who
police may take to court.

3.

Space satellite does not need to be streamlined in order to fly since there is
no air in space to slow it down. However, it does need source of energy to
power its electronic circuitry, so satellite has large solar panels that convert
sunlight into electricity. In addition, it is necessary for satellite to stay in
exactly right position so that is antennae face radio stations on ground. For
this reason it is equipped with gas thrusters which can move satellite into
correct orbit, high above Earth.

WRITING:
Wite a sentence with the following words.

1. Forecast:
_____________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________
2. Bucket:
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
3. Gums: __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
4. Stage: __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
5. Peak: ___________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
6. Proud: __________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

247

PROJECT 23

CHRISTMAS CELEBRATIONS
Objective: To use articles.
Materials:

Go to Extra Activities Pages (The Custom


of sending greeting cards and Santa Claus
cards). Colors, markers, scissors, glue.

Procedure: Cut the Santa Claus card out, color it, write
a Christmas message to a partner and
exchange cards.
Notes:

___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________

248

Lesson 24

Old days used to be much funnier


Let's Practice
A. Match the words with their definitions.
1. blackout

_____ the main religious ceremony of the Roman Catholic Church.

2. nickname

_____ where your thoughts are stored.

3. grown up

_____ to suddenly become dark.

4. joy

_____ to hit, to make violent attack.

5. mass

_____ to fix one thing to another.

6. stick

_____ an adult or an older child.

7. strike

_____ a feeling of great happiness.

8. nostalgia

_____ an informal name that your friends or family call you.

9. mind

_____ thoughts about happy times mixed with the wish to be back in the past.

B. Unscramble the following words.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

naimcekn
ralelc
nhatuyg
utipnr
nalogtisa

:
:
:
:
:

_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

yercel
rohdrac
treimrosr
gwuporn
maretwenol

:
:
:
:
:

_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________
_________________

A. Look at the pictures and say what the people used to do or are used to doing.
Use the verbs: climb, paint, drive, dance, sign
Use the objects: autographs, tango, mountain, picture, car

I did this when I


was younger

I do this all the


time

I no longer find
this a problem.

249

Thats what we
did when we
were younger

This is pretty
easy for me by
now

Old days used to be much funnier

Lesson 24

1.

________________________________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________________________________

B.

Write these sentences, put in one verb into the correct form of used to and the other into the past
simple.
1. He (live) in New Jersey before he (go) abroad.
________________________________________________________________________________
2. I (earn) a lot of money, but then I (lose) my job.
________________________________________________________________________________
3. I'm surprised that they (join) the tennis club. They (not like) tennis.
________________________________________________________________________________
4. (You travel) a lot before you (get) this job?
________________________________________________________________________________
5. She (drive) a lot before she (have) the accident.
________________________________________________________________________________
6. We (have) a garden, but then we (move) to a different house.
________________________________________________________________________________
7. I (work) in a factory before I (become) a teacher.
________________________________________________________________________________
8. I (not like) him but then I (change) my mind.
________________________________________________________________________________

C. Circle the correct form of used to or be used to.


1. They are used to / They used to cooking for themselves now.
2. I'm used to / I used to live in Nebraska, but I moved.
3. Do you remember how we used to / we are used to listen to music all the
time?
4. Were you used to / Did you use to spend hours in front of the mirror when
you were young?
5. The children didn't use to / aren't used to going to bed so late.
6. I didn't use to / I wasn't used to like classical music.
7. They didn't use to / They weren't used to having so much exercise.
8. This is used to / This used to be an industrial area.

WRITING:
Write a paragraph about your habits or customs you had when you were around 10 years old.
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________

250