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Designation: C 612 04

Standard Specification for

Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation1

This standard is issued under the fixed designation C 612; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of
original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. A
superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.
This standard has been approved for use by agencies of the Department of Defense.

2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards: 2
C 165 Test Method for Measuring Compressive Properties
of Thermal Insulations
C 168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulating Materials
C 177 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of
the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus
C 303 Test Method for Density of Preformed Block-Type
Thermal Insulations
C 356 Test Method for Linear Shrinkage of Preformed
High-Temperature Thermal Insulation Subjected to Soaking Heat
C 390 Criteria for Sampling and Acceptance of Preformed
Thermal Insulation Lots
C 411 Test Method for Hot-Surface Performance of HighTemperature Thermal Insulation
C 447 Practice for Estimating the Maximum Use Temperature of Thermal Insulations
C 518 Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by means of
the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus
C 665 Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured
C 680 Practice for Determination of Heat Gain or Loss and
the Surface Temperatures of Insulated Pipe and Equipment
Systems by the Use of a Computer Program
C 795 Specification for Thermal Insulation for Use in Contact with Austenitic Stainless Steel
C 921 Practice for Determining the Properties of Jacketing
Materials for Thermal Insulation
C 1045 Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission
Properties Under Steady-State Conditions

1. Scope
1.1 This specification covers the classification, composition,
dimension, and physical properties of mineral fiber (rock, slag,
or glass) semi-rigid and rigid board insulation for the use on
0F (-18C) cooled surfaces and on heated surfaces up to
1800F (982C). Specific applications outside the maximum
and minimum temperature limits shall be agreed upon between
the supplier and the purchaser.
1.2 For satisfactory performance, properly installed protective vapor retarder or barriers shall be used on below ambient
temperature applications to reduce movement of moisture
through or around the insulation to the colder surface. Failure
to use a vapor barrier can lead to insulation and system
damage. Refer to Practice C 921 to aid material selection.
Although vapor retarder properties are not part of this specification, properties required in Specification C 1136 are pertinent to applications or performance.
1.3 The orientation of the fibers within the boards is
primarily parallel to the principal surface (face). This specification does not cover fabricated pipe and tank wrap insulation
where the insulation has been cut and fabricated to provide a
fiber orientation that is perpendicular to the principal large
surface (face).
1.4 This standard does not purport to provide the performance requirements of hourly-rated fire systems. Consult the
manufacturer for the appropriate system.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units shall be regarded
as the standard. The SI equivalents of inch-pound units are
given in parentheses for information only and are approximate.
1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the
safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C16 on
Thermal Insulation and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee C16.20 on
Homogeneous Inorganic Thermal Insulation.
Current edition approved May 1, 2004. Published June 2004. Originally
approved in 1967. Last previous edition approved in 2000 as C 612 00a.

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C 612 04
TABLE 1 Physical Property RequirementsA

Type IA

Type IB

Type II

Type III

Type IVA

Type IVB

Type V
Grade A and B

Maximum use temperatureB F (C)

Apparent thermal conductivity, max,
Btu in./h ft2 F (W/m K)
Mean temperatures F (C)
25 (-4)
75 (24)
100 (38)
200 (93)
300 (149)
400 (204)
500 (260)
600 (316)
700 (371)
800 (427)
Minimum Compressive resistance at
10 % deformation, min, lb/ft2 (kPa)
Category I
Category 2
Linear shrinkage, at maximum use
temperature, %
Water vapor sorption, max, %
Surface burning characteristics:
Flame spread index, max
Smoke developed, max

450 (232)

450 (232)

850 (454)

1000 (538)

1200 (649)

1200 (649)

1800 (982)













no compressive resistance requirement

25 (1.2)
12 (0.6)
50 (2.4)

N. A.C

25 (1.2)











50 (2.4)

1000 (48)







Refer to Section 7 for additional physical property requirements.

See Caution in 6.2.1.
N. A. indicates not applicable.

3.2.2 mean temperaturethe sum of the cold surface temperature and the hot surface temperature divided by two.
3.2.3 shotfor the purposes of this specification, as that
material which cannot be brushed or mechanically shaken
through No. 100 (150-m) sieve.

C 1058 Practice for Selecting Temperatures for Evaluating

and Reporting Thermal Properties of Thermal Insulation
C 1101/C 1101M Test Methods for Classifying the Flexibility or Rigidity of Mineral Fiber Blanket and Board
C 1104/C 1104M Test Method for Determining the Water
Vapor Sorption of Unfaced Mineral Fiber Insulation
C 1114 Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission
Properties by Means of the Thin-Heater Apparatus
C 1136 Specification for Flexible, Low Permeance Vapor
Retarders for Thermal Insulation
C 1304 Test Method for Assessing the Odor Emission of
Thermal Insulation Materials
C 1335 Test Method for Measuring the Non-Fibrous Content of Man-Made Rock and Slag Mineral Fiber Insulation
E 84 Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics of
Building Materials
2.2 Other Referenced Document:
CAN/ULC-S102M88 Standard Method of Test for Surface
Burning Characteristics of Building Materials and Assemblies3

4. Classification
4.1 Mineral fiber board insulation covered by this specification shall be classified into seven types and two categories,
shown in Table 1. This classification is based upon the
insulations maximum use temperature, maximum apparent
thermal conductivity, minimum compressive resistance, maximum linear shrinkage, maximum water vapor sorption, and
maximum surface burning characteristics.
4.1.1 Category 1No compressive resistance (loadbearing) properties are required.
4.1.2 Category 2Minimum compressive resistance (loadbearing) properties are required.
4.1.3 Type V, Grade ARequires no heat-up schedule.
4.1.4 Type V, Grade BHeat-up schedule is required.

3. Terminology
3.1 For definitions used in this specification, see Terminology C 168.
3.2 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
3.2.1 delivered thicknessthe actual thickness of the product shipped by the manufacturer or the seller and received by
the purchaser.

NOTE 1Caution: Grade B may not be suitable for applications

requiring hot installation capability at the maximum temperature indicated. In general, products having a Grade B designation are designed to
be used with a heat-up schedule. Failure to use a heat-up schedule with
Grade B products may lead to an exothermic reaction. This is dependent
on thickness and temperature. Consult the manufacturer or manufacturers
literature for special heat rate considerations.

5. Ordering Information
5.1 The type, category, grade for Type V, and dimensions
shall be specified by the purchaser.

Available from Underwriters Laboratories of Canada, 7 Crouse Road, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada M1R 3A9.

C 612 04
6. Materials and Manufacture
6.1 CompositionMineral fiber block and semi-rigid and
rigid board insulation shall be composed of rock, slag, or glass
processed from the molten state into fibrous form and bonded
with an organic or inorganic binders or both. Asbestos shall not
be used as an ingredient or component part of the product.
6.2 Facings:
6.2.1 The purchaser shall specify whether the insulation
shall be supplied plain or with facings and, if faced, shall
specify the type and its requirements. (WarningThe user is
advised that it is possible that the maximum use temperature of
facings and adhesives is lower than the maximum use temperature of the insulation. The user shall ensure that sufficient
thickness shall be installed so none of these accessory items
(facings and adhesives) are exposed to temperatures above
their maximum use temperature.)
6.2.2 The vapor retarder facings shall be in accordance with
Specification C 1136.
6.2.3 Typical facings are as follows: Aluminum foil, reinforced fiberglass scrim, and
natural (brown) kraft paper laminate (facing) is known as FRK
or FSK. White kraft paper, reinforced fiberglass scrim, and
aluminum foil laminate (facing) is known as ASJ (All Service
Jacket). Aluminum foil, reinforced fiberglass scrim, and
plastic film (example: polyethylene) laminate (facing) is
known as FSP (Foil-Scrim-Polyethylene).

weight as defined in 12.2. Type V products contain other

ingredients which invalidates the way shot content is determined. Non-fibrous content is not applicable to glass mineral
fiber products.
7.7 Maximum Use TemperatureWhen tested in accordance with 12.1, the board and block insulation shall not warp,
flame, or glow during hot surface exposure. No evidence of
melting or fiber degradation shall be evident upon posttest
7.8 Maximum Exothermic Temperature RiseWhen tested
in accordance with 12.1, the midpoint temperature shall not at
any time exceed the hot surface temperature by more than
200F (111C). The 200F criterion applies during heat-up as
well as steady state conditions. Exceeding this limit constitutes
noncompliance to this specification and rejection.

7. Physical Properties
7.1 The insulation type shall conform to the following
requirements in Table 1: maximum use temperature, apparent
thermal conductivity, compressive resistance, linear shrinkage,
water vapor sorption, and surface burning characteristics.
7.2 Odor EmissionA detectable odor of objectionable
nature recorded by more than two of five panel members shall
constitute rejection of the material when tested in accordance
with 12.8.
7.3 Corrosiveness to SteelWhen tested and evaluated in
accordance with 12.9, the corrosion resulting from insulation in
contact with steel plates shall be judged to be no greater than
for comparative plates in contact with sterile cotton. Test the
composite insulation material (with facing and adhesive) when
a facing is factory adhered by the manufacturer or the
fabricator. (WarningThere are adhesives that can cause
corrosion to steel when they are in contact with water or water
vapor and the steel. Currently, there is not a test method
available to satisfy every potential corrosion application.)
7.4 Stress Corrosion to Austenitic Stainless SteelWhen
specified, shall be tested and evaluated in accordance with
7.5 Semi-rigid or RigidWhen tested and evaluated at its
delivered thickness in accordance with 12.11, all mineral fiber
(rock, slag, and glass) board and block must qualify to be
semi-rigid or rigid.
7.6 Non-Fibrous (Shot) ContentThe averaged maximum
shot content of rock or slag mineral fiber products, Types IA
through IVB as shown in Table 1, shall not exceed 30 % by

9. Dimensions, Mass, and Permissible Variations

9.1 The standard sizes and tolerances of mineral fiber board
insulation are listed in Table 2. Specific sizes and tolerances
shall be agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier.
9.2 The maximum density (determined in accordance with
Test Method C 303) specified in Table 3 for Type(s) IA through
Type V are for weight design purposes only.

8. Qualification Requirements
8.1 The following requirements shall be employed for the
purpose of initial product qualification:
8.1.1 Maximum use temperature,
8.1.2 Apparent thermal conductivity,
8.1.3 Compressive resistance,
8.1.4 Linear shrinkage,
8.1.5 Water vapor sorption,
8.1.6 Surface burning characteristics,
8.1.7 Odor emission,
8.1.8 Corrosiveness,
8.1.9 Rigidity, and
8.1.10 Shot content.

10. Workmanship, Finish and Appearance

10.1 The insulation shall have good workmanship and shall
not have defects which adversely affect its installation and
service qualities.
11. Sampling
11.1 Inspection and qualification shall be in accordance with
Criteria C 390. Other provisions for sampling can be agreed
upon between the purchaser, seller, and the manufacturer.
TABLE 2 Standard Sizes and TolerancesA
Mineral Fiber Board and Block
for Types by Length, Width,
and Thickness
LengthTypes IA through IVB
LengthType V
WidthTypes IA through IVB
WidthType V
ThicknessAll Types

Sizes, in. (mm)

Tolerance, in. (mm)

36 (914), 48 (1219)
36 (914), 48 (1219)
24 (610), 36 (914),
48 (1219)
12 (305), 24 (610),
1 (25.4) to 4 (102) in
12-in. (12.7-mm)

612 (12.7)
612 (12.7)
614 (6.4)

Other sizes available upon request.

614 (6.4)
18 (3.2) + 14 (6.4)

C 612 04
TABLE 3 Maximum Density for Design Purposes Only
Maximum density, lb/ft3 (kg/m3), for weight
design purposes only

Type IA

Type IB

Type II

Type III

Type IVA

Type IVB

Type V

8 (128)

8 (128)

8 (128)

10 (160)

12 (192)

12 (192)

20 (320)

11.2 Shot Content Test SamplesA minimum of three

specimens must be tested to determine average shot content for
any single shipment.

12.3.6 The final step of Practice C 1045 analysis is to

calculate the thermal conductivity using the equations generated at a set of mean temperatures for comparison to the

12. Test Methods

NOTE 2Caution: While it is recommended that the specification data

be presented as thermal conductivity versus temperature, several existing
specifications may contain mean temperature data from tests conducted at
specific hot and cold surface temperatures. In these cases, the conductivity
as a function of temperature from the Practice C 1045 analysis may
provide different results. To ensure that the data is compatible, a Practice
C 680 analysis, using the thermal conductivity versus temperature relationship from Practice C 1045 and the specific hot and cold surface
temperatures, is required to determine the effective thermal conductivity
for comparison to the specification requirements.

12.1 Maximum Use Temperature and Exothermic Rise

TemperaturesTest in accordance with Test Method C 411
and the hot surface performance of Practice C 447 at the
insulations maximum use temperature. All types shall be
tested without jacketing at 8-in. (203-mm) thickness or at the
manufacturers stated maximum thickness, in either single or
multiple layer configurations.
12.1.1 The test surface shall be for all Types at maximum
use temperature specified in Table 1, when the insulation is
applied. For Type V Grade B material, any special requirement
for heat-up specified by the manufacturer shall be used.
12.2 Non-Fibrous (Shot) Content of Inorganic Fibrous
Thermal InsulationTest in accordance with Test Method
C 1335.
12.3 Apparent Thermal Conductivity:
12.3.1 Determine the thermal conductivity as a function of
temperature for the representative specimens with data obtained from a series of thermal tests utilizing Test Methods
C 177, C 518, or C 1114 as appropriate for the material under
study. Test the specimen unfaced and at a maximum thickness
of 2 in. (51 mm). Test Method C 518 shall not be used at temperatures or resistances other than those in the range of the
calibration. Test Method C 1114 shall not be used at temperatures or resistance ranges other than those with comparable
results to Test Method C 177.
12.3.2 The test method selected shall have proven correlation with Test Method C 177 over the temperature range of
conditions used. In cases of dispute, Test Method C 177 shall
be considered as the final authority for material having flat
12.3.3 Practice C 1058 may be used to obtain recommended
test temperature combinations for testing purposes.
12.3.4 As specified in Practice C 1045, the range of test
conditions must include at least one test where the hot surface
temperature is greater than, or equal to, the hot limit of the
temperature range of desired data and at least one test where
the cold surface temperature is less than, or equal to, the cold
limit of the temperature range desired. At least two additional
tests shall be distributed somewhat evenly over the rest of the
temperature range.
12.3.5 Final analysis of the thermal data shall be conducted
in accordance with Practice C 1045 to generate a thermal
conductivity versus temperature relationship for the specimen.

12.4 Compressive ResistanceTest 2-in. (51-mm) thick

material in accordance with Test Method C 165. Pre-load the
horizontal loading surface with 2.5-lb/ft2 (0.12-kPa) weight
before measuring thickness.
NOTE 3At conditions above 450F (232C) hot surface temperatures,
the compressive resistance of the installed insulation material may
decrease. Contact the manufacturer for reduced compression resistances at
maximum temperature conditions.

12.5 Linear ShrinkageTest in accordance with Test

Method C 356 except use a 6-in. (152-mm) by 12-in. (305mm) by single layered product thickness test specimen and
measure the linear shrinkage in the 12-in. dimension.
12.6 Water Vapor SorptionTest in accordance with Test
Method C 1104/C 1104M.
12.7 Surface Burning CharacteristicsTest in accordance
with Test Method E 84. For Canada, test in accordance with
Test Method CAN/ULC-S102M88. Test with facing and
adhesive in place, if facing is intended to be the end product.
12.8 Odor EmissionTest in accordance with the odor
emission test of Test Method C 1304.
12.9 Corrosiveness to SteelTest in accordance with the
corrosiveness test of Specification C 665.
12.10 Stress Corrosion Performance for Use on Austenitic
Stainless SteelWhen requested, test in accordance with
Specification C 795. All test specimens must include the facing
and adhesive if intended to be the end product.
12.11 Rigidity or Semi-rigidityTest in accordance with
Test Method C 1101/C 1101M for semi-rigidity and rigidity
only. A product that sags more than 12 in. (13 mm) and not
remain supported between the two 12-in. NPS iron pipes for a
minimum period of 5 min, the test for rigidity or semi-rigidity
has failed and the product is rejected.
13. Inspection
13.1 The following requirements are generally employed
for the purpose of acceptance sampling of lots or shipments of
qualified insulation.
13.1.1 Dimensional tolerance.

C 612 04
13.1.2 Workmanship.

16. Packaging and Package Marking

16.1 PackagingUnless otherwise specified, the insulation
shall be packed in the manufacturers standard commercial
16.2 MarkingUnless otherwise specified, each container
shall be marked with the manufacturers name and address, the
product name, quantity, nominal dimensions, and the manufacturers lot or date code identification for the material in the
container. When specified in the purchase order or contract,
each container shall also be marked with appropriate specification alphanumeric number, type, category, and grade when

14. Rejection
14.1 Failure to conform to the requirements in this specification shall constitute cause for rejection. Rejection shall be
reported to the manufacturer or the seller promptly and in
writing. The manufacturer and supplier have the right to verify
rejected products.
15. Certification
15.1 When specified in the purchase order or contract, the
purchaser shall be furnished certification that samples representing each lot have been either tested or inspected as directed
in this specification and the requirements have been met. When
specified in the purchase order or contract, a report of the test
results shall be furnished.

17. Keywords
17.1 block; board; high temperature; mineral fiber insulation; rock fiber; shot; shot content; slag fiber

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