Sei sulla pagina 1di 9

To

Honble. Additional Secretray ,

H.P.Board of School Education ,

Dharamshala.

Subject: Regarding errors in the textbooks of HPBSE -9th Class (5 subjects).

Honble. Monsieur,

Prithee is apropos to your letter number HPBSE(3)TEXTBOOKS/MISCELLANEOUS/PART-


1 /2402 DATED: 06-05-2010 refered to me about suggesting the corrections for textbooks of class 9th
in title- Naitik Shikasha, Swatantrata Sangram ka itihas and Arthshaastra( Economics),Kshitij(Hindi)
and Samkalin Vishwa . Please refer to the Punjab Kesari dated: 26-05-2010, Dainik Bhaskar dated: 26-
05-2010 etc. for substitutes. Still, I want to send you the detailed report based on the refrences as
below:

(a) Encyclopaedia Britannica Edition Year 2008


(b) Wikipedia –the free encyclopaedia
(c) Official statistics of Department of Agriculture and co-operation, Govt. of India.
(d) Many other reputed websites

Please see the objections raised by me but use internet please on the web links suggested with the

Concerned error:-

(1)Guru Gobind Singh (Punjabi: , IPA: [ɡʊɾu ɡobɪnd sɪŋɡ]) (22 December 1666 – 7
October 1708) was the tenth Guru of Sikhism( Page 38 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year
1660)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guru_Gobind_Singh

The Birth of a Prince

December 22, 1666 A.D. Patna

Gujri labored through the night, the arrival of her firstborn eminent. Thirty four years had
passed since her marriage to the Guru. Moonlight shone through the courtyard window
illuminating her damp brow. A birthing pang rivaled that of her heart, "Teg Bahadur, my
Guru, you are about to be a father." She gave one last push. Three hours before the
dawning of day, in the winter of her forty second year, Gujri became the mother of a prince
http://sikhism.about.com/od/gurugobindsing1/a/Birth_of_Gobind_Rai.htm

ARTICLE
from the
Encyclopædia Britannica
original name Gobind Rāi

born 1666, Patna, Bihār, India died Oct. 7, 1708, Nānded, Mahārāshtra

10th and last Sikh Gurū, known chiefly for his creation of the Khālsā, the military
brotherhood of the Sikhs.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/236565/Gobind-Singh

(2)Mahavira (Sanskrit and Tamil அ ("Arugan") lit. "Great Hero", traditionally


[1]
599 – 527 BCE ( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year 598)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahavira

ARTICLE
from the
Encyclopædia Britannica
(Sanskrit: “Great Hero”) also known as Vardhamana

born c. 599 bce traditional dating, Kshatriyakundagrama, India died 527 traditional
dating, Pavapuri

Epithet of Vardhamana, the last of the 24 Tirthankaras (“Ford-makers,” i.e., saviours who
promulgated Jainism), and the reformer of the Jain monastic community. According to the
traditions of the two main Jain sects, the Shvetambara (“White-robed”) and the
Digambara (“Sky-clad,” i.e., naked), Mahavira became a monk and followed an extreme
ascetic life, attaining kevala, the stage of omniscience or highest perception. Teaching a
doctrine of austerity, Mahavira advocated nonviolence (ahimsa) in all circumstances and
the acceptance of ... (100 of 885 words)

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/358008/Mahavira
Mahavir was born in 599 B.C. as a prince in Bihar, India. At the age of 30, he left his
family and royal household, gave up his worldly possessions, including clothing and
become a monk

http://www.cs.colostate.edu/~malaiya/mahavira.html

(3)Bhagat Singh (Punjabi: ਭਗਤ ‫ س ن گھ ب ھ گت‬, IPA: [pəɡət sɪŋɡ]) (27 September 1907[2] – 23
March 1931) ( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 28TH September,1907)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bhagat_Singh

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Biography


Born: September 27, 1907
Martyrdom: March 23, 1931
Achievements: Gave a new direction to
revolutionary movement in India, formed 'Naujavan
Bharat Sabha' to spread the message of revolution
in Punjab, formed 'Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra
Sangha' along with Chandrasekhar Azad to
establish a republic in India, assassinated police
official Saunders to avenge the death of Lala Lajpat
Rai, dropped bomb in Central Legislative Assembly
along with Batukeshwar Dutt.

http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-
heroes/bhagat-singh.html

(4)The details of Guru Ravidas' life are


controversial. According to some he was born in
1376/7 or else 1399 CE but many scholars offer
later dates. Schaller estimates his lifespan as 1450-1520[2] while the Encyclopædia Britannica contents
itself with a floreat of 15th-16th century CE.[3] Partly this is due to traditions that make him, one one
hand, like his contemporary Kabir the disciple of Ramananda (he is mentioned as such c.1600 CE in
Nabhadas' Bhaktamal) but also, on the other, the guru of Meera (according to a song attributed to
her:[4] "guru miliyaa raidasjee"). However, as Schaller points out, the importance of such claims lies in
their establishing the authority of a lineage of gurus (parampara). One may count oneself a disciple of
a master without having actually met him.
( Page 10 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 1388-1588. Who can survive for 200 years?)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ravidas

(5)Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Caitanya, IAST caitanya mahāprabhu) (Bengali


) (1486 - 1534), was a Hindu saint and social reformer in eastern India (specifically present-day
Bangladesh and states of West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand and Orissa of India) in the 16th century[

( Page 55 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as year 1485 than 1486)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaitanya_Mahaprabhu

Chaitanya was born of Vaishnava (devotees of Lord Vishnu) parents, Sachi Mata and Jagannatha Misra
in Navadwip, Bengal, India in the year of 1486. His whole life was dedicated to the teachings of
Lord Krishna

http://www.kamat.com/umbrella/chaitanya.htm

Related Articles

Aspects of the topic Chaitanya Mahaprabhu are discussed in the following places at
Britannica.

(6)Mahatma Jotiba Govindrao Phule (Marathi: ) (April 11, 1827 — November 28,
1890), also known as Mahatma Jotiba Phule was an activist, thinker, social reformer, writer,
philosopher, theologist, scholar, editor and revolutionary from Maharashtra, India in the nineteenth
century. Jotiba Phule and his wife Savitribai Phule were the pioneer of women's education in India

( Page 59 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 1889 than 1890)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jyotirao_Phule

ARTICLE
from the
Encyclopædia Britannica
Jyotiba Phule
Born - 11 April 1827
Died - 28 November 1890
Achievements - He was a prominent activist, thinker
and social reformer from the Indian state of
Maharashtra during the 19th century. During his
time, he tried bringing in positive renovations in the
spheres of education, agriculture, caste system,
social position of women et al.

http://www.iloveindia.com/indian-heroes/jyotirao-
govindrao-phule.html
(7)Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was an Indian
Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abul_Kalam_Azad

( Page 38 of textbook Naitik Shiksha refers it as 25 February,1958)

Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed (11 November 1888 – 22 February 1958) was a Muslim
scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. He was one of the
most prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu-Muslim unity, opposing the partition of India on
communal lines
http://www.liveindia.com/freedomfighters/5.html

(8)The Mahanadi (lit.: Great River) in EastCentral India. It drains an area of around 132,100 km2 and
has a total course of 858 km.[1]. The river flows through the states of Chhattisgarh and Orissa.

( Textbook Samkalin Vishwa it refers it as 760 K.M. than 858 K.M.)

ARTICLE
from the
Encyclopædia Britannica

river in central India, rising in the hills of southeastern Madhya Pradesh state. The
Mahanadi (“Great River”) follows a total course of 560 miles (900 km) and has an
estimated drainage area of 51,000 square miles (132,100 square km). It is one of the most
active silt-depositing streams in the Indian subcontinent.

http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/357908/Mahanadi-River

Length 900 km (559 mi)

Basin 132,100 km2 (51,004 sq mi)

http://www.indianetzone.com/14/mahanadi_river.htm

(9)The Godavari river arises only 80 kilometres from the Arabian Sea, it flows 1,465 km to empty into
the Bay of Bengal.

( Textbook Samkalin Vishwa it refers it as 1500 KM.)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godavari_River

http://www.indianetzone.com/10/godavari_river.htm

Although its point of origin is just 80 kms away from the Arabian Sea, it journeys 1,465 kms to
fall into the Bay of Bengal. Some of its tributaries include Indravati, Manjira, Bindusara and
Sarbari. Some important urban centers on its banks include Nasik, Aurangabad, Nagpur,
Nizamabad, Rajahmundry, and Balaghat.

http://www.rainwaterharvesting.org/crisis/river-godavari.htm

(10)Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (November 12, 1896 – July 27, 1987) was an Indian ornithologist and
naturalist. Known as the "Birdman of India", Salim Ali was among the first Indians to conduct
systematic bird surveys across India and his popular bird books helped develop ornithology in India.
He was awarded India's second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan in 1976.

(Textbook Kshitij (hindi) 9th class refers it as 20th June,1987)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salim_Ali_(ornithologist)

(11)Harishankar Parsai ( ) (August 22, 1924 – 1995) was a Hindi writer. He was a
noted satirist and humorist of modern Hindi literature and is known for his simple and direct style

(Textbook Kshitij (hindi) 9th class refers it as 1922 than 1924 )

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harishankar_Parsai

Date of birth 22 August 1924, per Manas Publishing, in Inspector Matateen on The Moon

(12)For objections regarding the errors pointed out by me in the textbook of Economics(9th )

Open the link

http://agricoop.nic.in/statatglance2003.htm then refer to

Land Use Statistics

Distribution of Agricultural land by Use From 1950-51 to 1998-99

As it is the official data of Govt. of India, you can check the textbook of Economics for errors
and correct to the figures of land use area as below:-

1950-51 118.75 million hectare than 120 million hectare

1960-61 133.20 million hectare than 130 million hectare

1990-91 143.00 million hectare than 140 million hectare

1999-2000 141.23 million hectare than 140 million hectare


As for your knowledge , I want to clear that I have scrutinized many books and referred on the
errors mentioned above. You may consult scholars too. But please correct them in future. As
Britannica and Wikipedia are very authentic and accurate enough to prove my argument, I
want to thank HPBSE for consulting me about the matter. HPBSE can take my services as an
educationist and expert if they need in future.

Thanking with regards,

Date: 10-05-2010 Yours sincerely,

Vijay Kumar Heer, State President

HIMACHAL SHIKSHAK KRANTI MANCH

Vill.Chakmoh, PO Nain, Tehsil-Barsar,

Distt. Hamirpur(H.P.) 176039

E-mail: heervj@gmail.com
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