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May 2016

Not your fathers library

Pipeline patrol pilot
All-natural beef
Connection to Montana, US history


Bookshelf..................................................Page 3
Opinion.....................................................Page 4
Savvy Senior.............................................Page 5
On the Menu.............................................Page 18

Calendar....................................................Page 19
Volunteering..............................................Page 20
Strange But True.......................................Page 22

News Lite
Officials: New Jersey man
skipped $12,000 in EZ Pass tolls

unclear whether he has an attorney who could speak on his behalf.

JERSEY CITY, N.J. (AP) Authorities say a New Jersey man

who owes $12,000 in unpaid EZ Pass tolls has had his black Mercedes Benz impounded and is facing charges.
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey spokesman Joe
Pentangelo said that Oscar Sanchez, of Jersey City, was pulled
over by agency police because the car didnt have a front license
Pentangelo says the officer discovered Sanchez had an expired
drivers license and more than 200 counts of missed EZ Pass toll
payments amounting to about $12,000.
Sanchez faces charges including theft of service, operating a
vehicle on a suspended license and not having a front license
Sanchez was not immediately available for comment, and its

Winner gets to dine anywhere in the world

HARVARD, Mass. (AP) A rotary club in a small Massachusetts town is gearing up for its annual rubber ducky race in which
the winners prize is a free dinner for two anywhere in the world.
The Boston Globe reports that the winner of Harvards Ducky
Wucky River Race will receive free airfare, a two-night stay at a
hotel and the fancy dinner.
The Ayer Rotary Club will kick off the festivities on May 7,
when a construction vehicle will dump thousands of numbered
ducks into the Nashua River to float downstream.
Last years champion dined in Venice, Italy. Rotary member
Jason Kauppi says past winners have traveled as far as Paris,
Tokyo and Australia.
The event finishes off the Apple Blossom Festival in Harvard, a
town of 6,000 residents.

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May 2016

Kathy Run
By Kathy Rice
Softcover 255 pages
ISBN 978-1-5035-3701-9

Modern Laura
Ingalls Wilder
chronicles life in the
1960 in rural
By Montana Best Times Staff
Many Montana Best Times readers will be
able to identify with this book, in which a
woman who grew up rural Montana on a
farm near Scobey recounts what her idyllic childhood was like in the 1960s.
In Kathy Run, author Kathy Rice chronicles one young girls life in that time period
in Montana, when family was the focus and
technology had not yet taken over the world,
a news release on the book said.
The book is about Rices own childhood,
but written in a way that takes the reader
back to these simpler times.
Rice said the sheer difference between
then and now makes for an interesting
The freedom we used to have would be considered dangerous
and reckless in todays standards, Rice said in the release. We
were free to wander, play around with old machinery, fool around
with cap guns. We climbed trees, rode horses and even our recess
at school was unchaperoned. Life was just so different.
Rice grew up in the post-World War II era participating in covered wagon trips and rodeo competitions, and playing music
around a campfire.
The books jacket describes Kathy Run as the charming tale
of a little girl growing up in the love and security of her family
and community, the exciting times of calving, planting, harvesting and trips to town. She eludes to Laura Ingalls Wilder in her
story, ending with the dream to be a character in a book, just like
Laura was.
Rice said she hopes to delight younger readers with her tales of
this simpler time.

There arent many stories about growing up in rural Montana

in the 1960s, Rice said in the release. My hope is that Kathy
Run sheds some light on the history of that area during that time,
and puts a smile on readers faces as they learn.
Rice grew up with her parents, sister and three brothers. Her
mother, Dorothy Rustebakke was a prolific writer working as a
journalist for the local weekly newspaper, and a contributing
reporter to state and national news feeds. Kathy participated in
several mission outreaches, including a wagon train in 1976 that
crossed America with Youth With A Mission, where she fell in
love and married Donald Rice, a graduate of Milton Hershey
School in Pennsylvania. They lived in Haiti for two years, and
returned to Montana and later Pennsylvania, raising six children.
For more information, visit The book is available in softcover and hardcover, or as an e-book, and can be
found at, Barnes & Noble and Xlibris.
May 2016


Im not that old

May 2016

I also like a quote in one of author C.S. Lewis books:

Youth and age touch only the surface of our lives.
So in the end, its not our age that defines us. Its the attitude we have at any station of life.
Yes, thats a cliche.
But its true.
So, please, no more depressing mailings.
Dwight Harriman,
Montana Best Times Editor

For some time now I have been getting brochures and

offers in the mail from various entities that are hinting Im
pretty old like from senior organizations (The enclosed
card already makes you a member!), hearing aid firms and
end-of-life companies (Plan ahead for the sake of your
loved ones ...!).
I have a message for these outfits sending me all this
stuff: Im not that old.
Mere months ago, I was a literal, not just a figurative,
50-plusser. So everybody relax who is trying to convince
me I need to sign up for assistance, or that Im deaf, or that
Im about ready to kick the bucket.
Its a cliche, but its true: Youre not really old unless you
think you are. As long as you are active physically or
mentally regardless of your age, you are not old. Old
isgiving up and not engaging in life. Thus, you can be old
at 50, or young at 90, depending on your mindset.
I once saw these words on a poster: The best age is the
one you are. I like that.

A Monthly Publication for Folks 50 and Better

P.O. Box 2000, 401 S. Main St., Livingston MT 59047

Tel. (406) 222-2000 or toll-free (800) 345-8412 Fax: (406) 222-8580
E-mail: Subscription rate: $25/yr.
Published monthly by Yellowstone Newspapers, Livingston, Montana
Dwight Harriman, Editor Sean Douma, Designer

Jim Miller, creator of the syndicated Savvy

Senior information column, is a longtime
advocate of senior issues. He has been featured in
Time magazine; is author of The Savvy Senior:
The Ultimate Guide to Health, Family and
Finances for Senior Citizens; and is a regular
contributor to the NBC Today show.

How to Replace Vital Documents

that Are Lost or Stolen

Dear Savvy Senior,

By losing your Medicare card, you also need to watch out for
Medicare fraud. So check your Medicare Summary Notice for serCan you tell me how to go about replacing important lost docuvices you did not receive and, if you spot any, call the Inspector
ments? My wife and I recently downsized to a retirement commuGenerals fraud hotline at 800-447-8477 to report them.
nity, and somewhere in the move we lost our Social Security and
Medicare cards, birth certificates, marriage license and passports.

Worried Ron Marriage Certificate

Dear Ron,
Replacing important documents that are lost, stolen or damaged
is pretty easy if you know where to turn. Here are the replacement
resources for each document you mentioned, along with some tips
to protect you from identity theft, which can happen if your documents end up in the wrong hands.

Birth Certificate

If you were born in the United States, contact the vital records
office in the state where you were born (
htmfor contact information). This office will give you specific
instructions on what you need to do to order a certified copy and
what it will cost you. Birth certificate fees range between $9 and

Social Security Card

You can replace a lost or stolen Social Security card for free,
and if you live in the District of Columbia, Michigan, Nebraska,
Washington or Wisconsin, you can do it online
If, however, you live outside these areas, youll need to fill out
Form SS-5 ( print a copy) and take it
in or mail it to your nearby Social Security office, along with your
U.S. drivers license, or a state-issued non-driver ID card or a U.S.
passport (photocopies are not accepted). Any documents you mail
in will be returned to you. To find the Social Security office that
serves your area, call 800-772-1213 or
You also need to be aware that losing your Social Security card
puts you at risk for identity theft. If you find that someone uses
your Social Security number to obtain credit, loans, telephone
accounts, or other goods and services, report it immediately to the
Federal Trade Commission 877-4384338). This site will also give you specific steps youll need to
take to handle this problem.

Medicare Card

To replace your Medicare card for free, just call Social Security
800-772-1213 or contact your local Social Security office. You
can also request one online Your card will
arrive in the mail in about 30 days.

Contact your states vital records office to order a copy (seecdc.

gov/nchs/w2w.htm). Youll need to provide your full names for
you and your spouse, the date of your wedding, and the city or
town where the wedding was performed. Fees range from $10 to
Note: Divorce certificates can also be ordered from your states
vital records office (fees range from $5 to $30), and divorce
decree documents can be obtained from the county clerks office
for the city or county in which the divorce was granted.


A lost passport also puts you at risk for identity theft, soyou
need toreport this as soon as possible to the U.S. State Department. Go fill out Form DS-64. Youll receive an e-mail
acknowledging that your report was received. Within a couple of
days, youll receive another e-mail (or letter, if you request that
option) confirming that your passport has been entered into the
Consular Lost or Stolen Database.
You can apply for a replacement passport at a Passport Application Acceptance Facility. Many post offices, public libraries and
local government offices serve as such facilities. You can search
for the nearest authorized facility The fee
for a replacement passport is $135.
Send your senior questions to: Savvy Senior, P.O. Box 5443,
Norman, OK 73070, or

Great News for Seniors 62 yrs of Age & Older!

Accepting Applications for Independent Seniors

Call (406) 248-9117 1439 Main Street Billings, MT

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Live On-Site Community Administrator
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Community Room Available for Social
Gatherings & Meetings

May 2016

MT Best Times photos by Hunter DAntuono

Jan Dawson stand in the Livingston-Park County Public Library with her Kindle e-reader, recently. Dawson has worked as
the facilitys technical services librarian for 13 years.

Not your fathers library

Librarian talks about the evolution of the modern library

By Jasmine Hall

Enterprise Staff Writer

LIVINGSTON Theres no doubt that books and the way we

consume them have changed, but what hasnt changed is the
desire to consume the written language no matter its form.
Jan Dawson, Livingston-Park County Public Library technical
services librarian, has worked in the field of literature for the past
26 years spending 13 of them at Park Countys library and
has a masters degree in librarian information science. In her
career, she has seen libraries change but she said the desire for
books will never falter.

Change in content

When asked how literatures content has changed over her

career, Dawson, 63, said there has been a large increase in
demand for young adult fiction such as the Twilight series.
Childrens literature has been well established for better than a
century, she said. But a focus on young adults is fairly new.
Dawson said the growth in young adult fiction at the Livingston-Park County Public Library has become prevalent over the
May 2016

past six to seven years and the niche has since required the addition of a young adult librarian employee.
(Young-adult librarians) are pretty prevalent in libraries now,
but it didnt used to be, she said. I think perhaps (the reason
is) just a greater awareness of the youth culture, that childrens
books werent really making it for teenagers, and adult books just
maybe werent speaking to them.
Another major change in content has been the rise of graphic
novels, which Dawson describes as bound books in comic book
formats with dialogue balloons and illustrations. Dawson said the
graphic-novel format has expanded significantly in the library
field over the last 15 years, with stories ranging from the famous
well-known characters to the newer Justice League characters.
It was a new thing to expand the comic book format, she
said. In some cases, it is actual existing comic books, comic
characters, having new adventures in bound form, but its been a
lot of completely new characters.
While one may assume the average consumer of graphic novels
are youth, Dawson said the medium appeals to all age groups.
There are consumers from children, who are too young to
read, that can follow a picture story, up through grown-ups, she
said. Its the whole reading population.

A shelf of books is pictured on the second floor of the Livingston-Park County Public Library.
While young adult fiction and graphic novels have increased in
demand, interest in reference books such as encyclopedias and
almanacs have declined, Dawson said. She attributes this to the
rise of Internet.
Reference work used to be a huge part of libraries because
that was the only place you could go, Dawson recalled. I
wouldnt say (reference is) a dying animal, but we dont see it the
way that it used to be.

Technology influences

As technology advances and new gadgets are created to access

the written language, Dawson said there have been major changes in methods by which readers access books and information.
At the local library, patrons can find a computer area with free
Internet access for their browsing or research needs.
The public library has always been the place people can have
free access to computers, Dawson said. If you cant afford your
own, the library has been here, since computers came out with
free service access.
Dawson herself has dabbled in the electronic consumption of
books, favoring her Kindle, but said that, nationwide, download-

A library catalog computer is shown.

able audio books has become enormously popular.

Weve always had audio cassettes or audio CD, she said.
But now you can download an audiobook to what ever device
you have.
She explained having a library card allows patrons free access
to a large repertoire of audiobooks, which can be accessed at the
library or at home via the Internet.
Our patrons only need their library card number to get into the
service and search for the books theyre looking for, she said.
I think thats how they are accessing what they read even
if theyre reading with their ears.
Another change in library technology, which Dawson said has
been astronomically popular, is the borrowing of DVDs. The
Livingston-Park County Library, which once had a VHS collection, now has a variety of DVDs, including feature films and documentaries.
(Theres) things for families, things just for children, things
for just general interest, things that youd see at the Empire (Twin
Theatres), she said. So theres a nice range of titles to choose

What does it mean?

Dawson said the rise of digital text and online use has contributed to a decline in physical books circulation, but she does not
see the overall desire for books or the need for libraries disappearing anytime soon.
I think libraries and books are in pretty good shape, Dawson
said. A book is a book, whether its on your Kindle or a physical book its still a book.
Dawson shares her love for books in her biweekly column,
@Your Library, which appears on the librarys website, www.
People come in looking for
the titles that Ive spoken about, she said of her columns. Its
really quite nice, quite gratifying, the feedback that we get
because I certainly enjoy writing them Im always willing to
talk about books, thats for sure.

Jasmine Hall is the community news editor at The Livingston

Enterprise. She may be reached at or (406) 2222000.
May 2016

MT Best Times photos by Richard Hanners

Larry Larson with his 1947 Piper Cub Super Cruiser at the Woltermann Memorial Airport in Columbus last summer.

Pipeline patrol pilot

Molt man has a passion for flying and music

By Richard Hanners
Montana Best Times
MOLT The number of pipeline patrol pilots in Montana can
be counted on one hand. But the number who have flown pipelines since 1972 and belong to a bluegrass band is one.
Larry Larson, 80, and his wife, LaLonnie, 70, live in Molt, a
tiny farm town about 20 miles north of Laurel, where they raised
three children and honed their skills on the mandolin and guitar
for the Highway 302 Band.

A ranchers plane gets things started

Larry, who has flown pipelines since the early 1970s, traces his
interest in flying to a summer in 1957 when a nearby North
Dakota rancher who owned a plane offered to teach him how to
That plan got delayed when Larry got drafted and ended up
spending time typing Army forms at a base in Virginia from 1958
to 1960. Luckily for him, a fly-in club was nearby.
You could rent a plane for $2 an hour and gas was 25 cents a
gallon, so I flew a lot, he recalled.
Returning from the Army, Larry bought his first plane a
Piper J-3 Cub with some rotting fuselage fabric and a handcranked propeller and he used GI Bill money to pay for flying
lessons. He bought his current plane, a 1947 Piper Cub Super
Cruiser, in 1973.
Larry and LaLonnie met and married in 1965. They spent four
years working on ranches before moving to Billings.
May 2016

How pipelines are patrolled

Larry says he enjoys the freedom from corporate culture that

pipeline patrolling affords.
The contract says, look at the pipeline every two weeks, he
said, adding that he can dress any way he wants. As if to reinforce that, a sign inside the plane states the dress policy for the
company, which is nicknamed Little Bumpy Airlines: Neckties will not be worn in this facility.
Larry temporarily stopped flying in July 2015 when he had cataract surgery and gave the work to another pilot. He still holds
the patrolling contract and has passed his Class 2 physical, so
hes ready to fly again.
I can see better than before, he noted.
One of Larrys pipeline inspection routes has three legs. The
first leg is from Molt to Spokane for one company, the second
over eastern Washington and south to Salt Lake City for another
company, and the third leg goes back north to Billings for yet
another firm. The route takes him two and a half days to several
weeks, depending on the weather, to complete.
During the week off before he repeats that route, another route
takes him from Molt eastward to Minot, North Dakota, then west
to Great Falls.
Larry typically flies at 100 mph and less than 500 feet over the
ground, looking for exposed pipeline or damp ground where a
pinhole leak might be located.

Incidents ...

Hes run out of gas twice, but fortunately, pipeline rights of

Photo courtesy of Larry Larson

Photo courtesy of Larry Larson

From left, Grant Rader, LaLonnie Larson and Larry

Larson perform in Red Lodge in the 1970s.

The Highway 302 Band is pictured at Bannack Days in Bannack in

July 2000. From left are LaLonnie Larson, Bonnie Zieske, Larry
Larson, Clayton Olson and Jim McGowin.

way provide convenient landing strips. That came in handy in the

early 1990s when his four-cylinder Lycoming engine made a loud
bang and suddenly lost power a broken valve took out one of
the pistons. However, he managed to land safely. It was February somewhere east of Salt Lake City, and I was getting out my
sleeping bag when two kids out rabbit hunting showed up, he
Shortly after, a man arrived with a hoist and Larry began to
remove the engine. His mechanic, Allen Rickman, flew down
from Columbus with an engine they had planned to put in anyway, and within a days time the Piper Cub was ready to take off
again which it did from that very spot.
Allen said he wanted to fly with me that day, Larry recalled.
That showed confidence in his engine work.
Larry keeps his plane in an open shed in Molt built by neighbors in the barn-raising style.
The old shed just blew away, Larry said. We were returning
from the airport after sending our son off on a mission to New
Jersey when we saw it was gone.
The plane was cabled down and undamaged, but the hangar
had disappeared.
Neighbors chipped in labor and materials, including railroad
ties and tin found at a dump, and had a new shed up in a couple
weeks. Its been nicknamed Ye Olde Molt Aerodrome.

LaLonnie and music

LaLonnie is the bookkeeper for Little Bumpy Airlines. She

also clerked part time for the small rural school up the street from
1974 to 2001 and sells wellness products for Melaleuca out of
their home in Molt.
At the time of this interview, she was preparing for a clogging
competition in the upcoming Big Sky State Games in Billings.
LaLonnie joined the Wildwood Cloggers about 20 years ago and
has been dancing ever since.
It goes back to pioneer days in the Appalachians, probably
brought over by the Irish and Scots, she said.
LaLonnie grew up in Belfry and started playing guitar after she
met Larry. Today, she usually plays the mandolin or stand-up bass
for the Highway 302 Band.

We call it the Taterbug because of its shape, she said of the


Strapping a guitar to planes outside

Larry and LaLonnie started performing in public with fiddler

Grant Rader, including at events in Red Lodge and elsewhere.
Over the years, they played with fiddler Willard Ferch and wife,
Carol Ferch, on guitar in the 1980s, guitarist Glenda Ramsey in
the late 1990s, and fiddler Gary Bebe after that.
We mostly played at private parties, not much at bars,
LaLonnie said.
We played for the Sons of Norway at the Moose Lodge in Big
Timber, Larry recalled as LaLonnie ticked off venue names.
Sometimes Larry used his plane to get them to gigs. He could
carry two passengers and some instruments in the back. Sometimes he had to arrange things to keep the plane balanced.
I couldnt carry the bass, but I once strapped the guitar case
outside, he said.
The Highway 302 Band today includes LaLonnie on mandolin,
Larry on guitar, Jim McGowin on banjo, Clayton Olson on guitar
and Bonnie Zieske on bass. Their repertoire includes bluegrass,
gospel and old-time country.
The band has played at the old territorial capital during Bannack Days and today appears at the Owl Cafe in Laurel once a
month for the restaurants Saturday morning Bluegrass and
Breakfast event.
We set up in the middle of the room, Larry said. There
might be 150 people there. Its not like in a bar where loud music
gets people excited and helps sell the booze. In a cafe, people
want to visit with each other.
A lot of things have changed over the years, Larry said and
not just in flying and music.
Once when I was young, some friends and I climbed Granite
Peak, he said. People today make a big deal about special
equipment, ice axes, ropes, but we just went up there and did it.

Richard Hanners is a reporter with the Stillwater County News

in Columbus. He may be reached at or (406) 322-5212.
May 2016

MT Best Times photos by Dan Killoy

Cattle are moved between feedlots in this photo taken at the Cross Four Ranch northwest of Miles City.

Montana family provides

all-natural beef for America

By Dan Killoy

Montana Best Times

MILES CITY By definition, a niche market is one that

doesnt exist but is created by identifying needs, wants and
requirements that are being met poorly or not at all by other suppliers, and developing and delivering goods to satisfy them.
In short, niche markets are driven by the needs and demands of
the consumer. In the case of the All Natural Beef market, the driving demand from the consumer can be summed up in one line:
Humane treatment of the animals, from birth to the grocery shelf.
That demand is what brought the Wacker family, of Miles City,
and their Cross Four Ranch into the All Natural Beef business.
Fred Wacker, owner/manager, beams with pride as he describes
his operation.
From start to finish, this is a family run business, he said.
We are proud of what we do and what we produce. At the end of
the day, we can honestly say that our product has never been supplemented with anything harmful to the consumer.
The All Natural Beef designation is quite simple: No antibiotics,
no added hormones, no steroid implants, no animal byproducts.

All-natural family affair

The Cross Four is truly a family owned and operated business,

May 2016


with mom and dad Fred and Gwen at the head. Fred, who
is the Montana Stockgrowers Association Second Vice President,
is the overall operations manager, while Gwen helps with record
and bookkeeping.
Daughters Julie Nowicki and Sarah Rehm and their husbands
are also involved. Julie handles human resources, cattle purchasing and records, while husband Brian is in charge of the feed lot
operation, including recording and tracking of the All Natural
Beef animals. Sara is the chief financial officer, while her husband, Shane, is the manager of the cows, calves yearlings and
bulls in the outside pastures. Shane also in involved in producing
around 8,000 tons of alfalfa and grass hay on the ranch each year.
Son Mike is responsible for the farming, which includes corn
silage, about 30,000 tons last year, all used in feeding at the lot,
along with soy beans, and wheat sold on the commodities market.
Mike is also the sole owner and operator of the Wacker Trucking
fleet that does all cattle hauling. Youngest daughter Karen Martin
is the company auditor.
At the heart of the Cross Four Ranch, located in eastern Montana northwest of Miles City, is the feed lot, featuring 19 spacious
pens, bordered on the south by the Yellowstone River, with lush
irrigated pastures and range grass on the north end.
We buy SAV (Source and Age Verification) calves from over
50 ranches, the majority in Montana and some from northern

Tons of corn silage, plus alfalfa, corn shells and liquid supplement are used every day to keep the all-natural herd fed and
Wyoming, usually in September when they are weaned from the
mother, noted Fred.
The source and age verifying for each animal is done by an
independent source, which guarantees the lineage of the calf and
is extremely important in sales of the product in foreign markets.
Over the past 15-plus years, we have developed great relationships with family-run ranches that supply us with the best product
available, all bred and raised with the consumer in mind and
complying with our code of cattle care handbook, he said.

Code of cattle care

Throughout the handbook, it is evident that humane treatment

of the animals is the highest concern. Each ranch must provide
necessary food, water and care to protect the health and wellbeing of the animals. They must provide disease prevention,
This electronic identification ear
tag is the first step in receiving
cattle at the feedlot. Attached to
the ear, it follows the animal
until harvest of the meat.

including access to veterinary care;

safe, humane and efficient movement or restraint; disposal of
trash and sanitary upkeep of all facilities; and isolation of any
sick animals. There is a point of balance diagram for moving and
handling animals that minimizes stress when transferring cattle
from pen to pen, or moving animals through chutes for transportation on cattle trucks.
Cattle being transported by truck must have sufficient room to
make sure that animals arent stressed during shipping, and overcrowding of a truck is forbidden. The code even addresses the
willful mistreatment of animals by employees, which is not tolerated.
Fred noted, Over the years, we have created a solid partnership with all of the ranches we purchase animals from, and they
are as committed as the Wacker family to produce the best-tasting and highest-quality meat on the market, all of them understanding the importance of commitment to the code of cattle

Owner/operator Fred Wacker meticulously records shipping

information as cattle move through the scales.

Life in the feedlot

Feedlot manager Brian Nowicki describes an all-natural feed

lot as combination of a computer savvy and an old time cowboy.
Its a mix of real cowboy stuff riding, roping, cold winter
days and nights in the saddle, combined with the highest of hightech computer tracking, Brian said. Its not like the old feed lot
days: Get them in, fatten them up, stuff them in a truck and off to
Step one as the new calves are delivered to the Cross Four feed
lot is individual weighing of each animal and the attachment of
an EID, or electronic identification, scanning tag. This tag will
correspond with the panel tag and the brand to follow the animal
from the first day at the Cross Four to when the meat is harvested
at the packing plant.
All animals spend around 180 days in the spacious pens at the
feed lot. They are fed a variety of all-natural feeds, including corn
silage, grain corn, alfalfa and grass hay, and a liquid supplement
package, all designed to reduce the stress of the calves just being
weaned from the mothers. Distiller grain is added after about a
month in the lot.
Even with the highest vigilance and care, there will still be
some cattle in an operation this large that need antibiotics
around 8-9 percent per thousand. These animals are immediately
culled out of the general population and kept segregated from the
all-natural stock.

To the consumer

The Cross Four sends its finished product solely to Tyson

Meats IBP in Nebraska, where the thousands of Montana-raised
All Natural cattle are prepared and delivered for consumer purchase.
We deliver all of our cattle to Tyson Meats, where they prepare them for retail sale to outlets like Whole Foods, Costco, fine
dining restaurants, and the Chipotle chains that are considering
opening a chain under the name of Better Burger, which would
feature All Natural Beef, Fred said.
This niche market demand by consumers comes with a price
the average price for all-natural beef is approximately 20 percent
higher than the shopper might pay for regular beef.

Dan Killoy is the publisher of the Miles City Star. He may be

reached at or (406) 234-0450.
May 2016


Red Lodge resident

has incredible
connections to
Mont., US history
By Eleanor Guerrero
Montana Best Times
RED LODGE My family is among the first pioneers, said
Scott Ingersoll, of Red Lodge.
Although he was born in California, Scott has Montana history
on both sides of his fathers line.
The family legends are full of colorful characters and stories,
Scott said recently.

Great-grandfather in Time Life book

The story of his great-grandfather George Ingersoll starts before

the mid-1800s.
We go back to about
1840 in Montana, all in
the eastern part of the
state, Scott, an ad representative for the Carbon
County News, said.
His great-grandfather
was featured in the Time
Life Hardcover book,
Cowboys in the Winning
of the West series.
He was friends with
the photographer Layton
A. Huffman, and many of
the photos in the book are
of George taken at the
Bow and Arrow horse
Courtesy of Montana
ranch, where my relations
Stockgrowers Association
worked, Scott said. His
George Ingersoll is pictured during
his 1906-07 term as president of the great-grandfather managed the ranch.
Montana Ranchers Association.
Huffman was one of the
first photographers to make the West famous and published his
own book, Before Barbed Wire chronicling the early cowboy
He knew my relatives and was one of the first to document the
roundups, the rodeos and breaking horses that were so much of
Western lore, Scott said.
George Ingersoll served as president of the Montana Ranchers
Georges son, Lynn Ingersoll Scotts grandfather was also
born in eastern Montana. He became an itinerant cowboy working

May 2016


Photo by Eleanor Guerrero

Scott is pictured with his granddaughter Nora Ingersoll.

ranches. Scotts father, Tom, was the middle of five boys.

The name Ingersoll is English, from the word for ironworker,
Scott said.

From Pearl Harbor to Little Big Horn

My father now 94, left Montana during the Depression and

moved to California, Scott said. He joined the Navy and served
on a cruiser.
Tom had his own firsthand seat to history when his crew saw
the Japanese attack planes fly over and ignore them to hit a bigger
target Pearl Harbor.
They thought the planes were American, Scott said.
Family rumors place his lineage on both sides of the Battle of
the Little Big Horn, he said. But there may be some material evidence to back it up.
Somebody bought a soldiers trunk, Scott said. On the outside were the words: 7th U.S. Cavalry and Ingersoll. So they
tracked down my family to tell them about it.
Ingersoll thinks it might have been in his familys possession at
one time, but has no idea what happened to it.

In the Carver Wild West Show

My grandmother Bernice Kemptons parents were Flora

Casper and Bernie Kempton. Flora was a full-blood Oglala Sioux
and Bernie was Irish. His line also makes him an ancestor of the
famous, modern Irish revolutionary Michael Collins. He came to
avoid the famine. But his fame in Montana was in his trick roping
and cowboying. He had a ranch in Terry, Montana, and was
known as part of the Carver Wild West Show. He traveled the
world performing.
Bernie apparently had a unique talent. Drawing on a 1950s eastern Montana newspaper article that described it, Scott said, He
once roped two kangaroos while performing in Australia. The
public thought it was a regular part of the show. After that, he was
expected to do it each time!
Around the turn of the century Bernie purchased and named the
Kempton Hotel in Terry.
It is still there, Scott said.

Connection to Independence signer

Another family relation is Elbridge Gerry both of them.

There were two (Elbridge Gerrys), Scott said. One was an
original signer of the Declaration of Independence. He became
governor of Massachusetts and started maneuvering the voting
districts to ensure his re-elections. Thats how the word gerrymandering came about. It was so termed after him!
The second Elbridge Gerry came out of Colorado.
Our family stories say he had a series of American Indian
wives. He was quite famous in his own right for having one of

the earliest trading posts in the region, along the confluence of

the South Platte and Crow Creek near Greeley in 1852, taking up
the slack after the closure of the nearby forts.
He was known for warning settlers of pending American Indian
attacks to reclaim lands lost to settlers outside their treaty areas. He
lost his valuable horse-breeding stock during a successfully repelled
raid but the U.S. government compensated him for his losses.
Eleanor Guerrero is the senior reporter for the Carbon County
News. She may be reached at or
(406) 446-2222.

Untimely spring frosts threaten plants; how to prepare

By Lee Reich
Associated Press

Springs last frost when the mercury takes its final plunge to
freezing temperatures until autumn is a seminal point in the
gardening calendar. That 32-degree temperature will threaten tender young seedlings and fruit tree blossoms which, if frozen, will
not be followed by fruit.
Unfortunately, we find out when that last frost is only after it
has passed. Yet we can still plan our gardening around that date
by playing the averages.
Hence, I sow tomato seeds indoors six weeks before the average date of the last killing frost, as that date is termed, and then
set out the transplants a week after that date.

To plan, you have to know the average date of the last killing frost
in your garden. Dont trust your gut to come up with this date or
youll end up planting tomato seeds on a freak warm day in February.
You might find the average date by looking in a gardening
magazine for one of those maps showing the country overrun
with squiggly lines on which the date is printed. Or, you could
find it by zip code at =.
Local weather records are another source of information if they
extend back far enough. You could also keep such records yourself, or ask gardening neighbors.
The benefit of looking at years of records is offset, of course,
by shifts in climate over the years.
Frost dates dont respect political or geographical boundaries
but trace their squiggliness to differences in latitude and elevation, and proximity to large bodies of water. All else being equal,
that date is pushed back four days for every 70 miles north you
travel or 400 feet you climb. Large bodies of water will moderate
temperature changes, having the same effect in spring as moving
your garden north or higher up. (In autumn, the effect is opposite,
the water delaying cooling.)
Those frost maps in gardening magazines or books paint the country in broad strokes, so you may want to home in more precisely on
your own garden. Mine, in a low-lying area, is typically about 5
degrees colder than surrounding areas even a couple of miles away
or a few hundred feet uphill, pushing the average frost date later.
Most important, once you get that average last-frost date,
remind yourself that its nothing more than an average. One year,
the actual last-frost date might arrive a week before the average
date, while the next year it might arrive a week after.

Frosts that are late are the ones that find us gardeners scurrying
around putting overturned flowerpots and blankets over tomato
and pepper plants.
Also keep in mind that the critical 32-degree temperature isnt
the death knell for all plants, nor does it settle uniformly over
your whole yard. Many vegetables and annual flowers, such as
broccoli, cabbage, calendula and snapdragon, come through temperatures even down into the 20s unscathed, as long as they have
been acclimated to such cold.
And youll find the mercury staying a little higher near the radiant
warmth of your house or the stones of a patio or path, beneath the protective canopy of tree branches, or even near a small pond or stream.
So just when is the last date of the average killing frost? Its
probably later than you imagine.

May 2016


Get rid of
that dont
(Photo courtesy Fotolia/TNS

The biggest emotional help in getting rid of meaningless mementos is to not think of
it as tidying up, but as creating space.

By Wina Sturgeon

Adventure Sports Weekly/TNS
I have a friend approaching 60 whose home is full of mementos. Shes nothing like a hoarder, but every surface _ coffee
tables, side tables, cabinet tops and counters are all crowded with
objects gathered over the duration of her life.
I once picked up a little snowball, a globe full of liquid
that clouded with fake snow when it was shaken. It had been
there as long as I had known her. When I asked where she got
it, she just shrugged and said, Oh, Ive just had that thing for
Obviously, it had no special meaning to her. It was just a thing
that sat around, gathering dust. She probably no longer even
noticed it. It was, in fact, just clutter. And thats the problem. As
we keep getting older, we gather a plethora of objects, more and
more of them. Some are souvenirs from vacations in other states.
Others may be old shoes or a piece of clothing that cost so much,
it seems too expensive to toss or donate. Another item gathering
dust may be a stack of old catalogs or magazines we once put
aside to look at later, only we never got around to looking at
them. There they wait, forgotten, just taking up space in their own
special little pile.
Household mementos that grow over the years have become
such a problem that theyve sparked their own genre of best sellers, such as Marie Kondos The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up: The Japanese Art of Decluttering and Organizing. In it,
Kondo advises looking around at each object in your home (especially clothing in closets), holding each of those objects, and asking yourself, Does this item spark joy in me? Kondo then suggests that if the item makes you happy, put it away. If not, toss or
donate it.
But some people disagree with that radical purging-of-things
method. Moira Macdonald of the Seattle Times notes in an article
that Professional organizing didnt start with Kondo. The
National Association for Professional Organizers, in existence
since 1984, has thousands of members ...
Macdonald goes on to quote certified professional organizer
May 2016


Sue Ive of Organize to Optimize, who says Kondos do-itall-in-one-fell-swoop approach can burn out some people ... its
kind of daunting. Macdonald says Ive suggests (decluttering)
in a slow but steady progress: one area at a time, and keep moving.
Asking yourself if each object in your home sparks joy is a
very subjective thing. If every surface in your home is so crowded that you have to move things before you can use that space, it
might be better to ask a more personal kind of question, such as
In five years from now, will I be glad that I kept this? Or will it
still be there taking up space and sparking no use or emotion in
five years?
There are many items we keep only because weve already
kept them for such a long time. They are objects which have
become like part of the family, such as a stuffed animal that was
won long ago at some amusement park, or shelves of books we
will probably never read again. Aside from the familial attachment, theres another aspect to keeping things: We dont want to
toss them out, even to a donation center. We want it to be personal, we want our memento to be adopted by a good home. This is
where it gets hard, in taking time to think of where you want
these non-treasured objects to go.
Books really do sell at donation centers such as The Salvation
Army and other thrift stores. Books youve enjoyed over the
years but may never open again can be donated or given to
friends, with your personal review. A stuffed animal can be
spruced up by gently washing it, sewing up ripped seams, and
then giving it to a friends child who will love this new toy.
In fact, the biggest emotional help in getting rid of meaningless
mementos is to not think of it as tidying up, but as creating
space. A clean counter top with no distracting figurines or colored
bottles scattered on it will spark your creativity and provide visually peaceful space.

EDITORS NOTE: Wina Sturgeon is an active 55+ based in

Salt Lake City, who offers news on the science of anti-aging and
staying youthful at: She skates, bikes
and lifts weights to stay in shape.

Hidden granny cams

spread in popularity
as weapon for
catching elder abuse
Sisters Jay and Jean Peters show footage of abuse
from videos taken at their mothers assisted-living
facility in Minnesota, where she was being both
physically and emotionally abused, from their laptop
on March 8, 2016, in Bloomington, Minnesota.
(Elizabeth FLores/Minneapolis Star Tribune/TNS)

By Chris Serres

Star Tribune (Minneapolis)/TNS
Jean Peters felt a wave of anxiety sweep over her as she watched
video footage of her frail, 85-year-old mother being ridiculed by a
nursing aide at York Gardens senior home in Edina, Minn.
The female aide can be heard repeatedly chastising the elderly
woman, twice calling her a grown-ass adult as she tugged on
her clothing and yanked at her bra. You are really frustrating,
you know that? she says. That is why I am so rough with you.
Now, nearly two years after catching the incident on video,
Peters and her sister Kay Bromelkamp have become zealous proponents of using miniature cameras to catch abuse in senior
homes. The cameras, which cost as little as $80 and can fit inside
a teddy bear or potted plant, have surged in popularity despite
privacy concerns and calls for more regulation.
Abuse caught on hidden granny cams in recent months has
led to arrests and criminal charges for staff at two Twin Citiesarea nursing homes. In a case last month, footage showed an aide
at a Hopkins residence striking an elderly patient on the head
with an elbow and a hair brush. Months earlier, an employee at a
New Hope nursing home was caught on tape throwing a towel at
the face of a bedridden dementia patient; the camera also caught
staff talking on cellphones when they were supposed to be caring
for patients, according to police reports.
Since the last case surfaced, the states ombudsman for longterm care has received at least one call a day from concerned relatives. Many families want to know how to install cameras after
detecting suspicious signs, such as sudden mood swings or unexplained bruising, said Cheryl Hennen, state long-term care
A half-dozen states have established rules governing electronic
surveillance in senior homes, but Minnesota law is still largely
silent on their use, which has allowed the technology to proliferate.
What we know ... is that the use of cameras can be a deterrent, Hennen said. If someone realizes there is camera surveillance, it may stifle the urge to abuse.

Mother looked gaunt

For Jean Peters and her sister Kay, the decision to install a vid-

eo camera in their mother Jackies room was a last-ditch step for

a family that suspected lapses in their mothers care. We never
dreamed we would find what we found, said Peters, a nurse
The warning signs were many. There was the sudden and unexplained drop in their mothers weight, from 105 pounds to 94
pounds, which made her already-slight frame look gaunt and
emaciated, the sisters said. There were the mornings that Jackie,
who suffered from vascular dementia, looked unbathed and complained of soreness in her arms. And there was the time their
mother shook her head and scolded herself, saying, Ive been a
bad girl language that was out of character, the sisters said.
But what most worried the sisters, who visited their mother
three to six times a week, was the facilitys lack of response to
their concerns. Peters said she was shocked one morning to witness two angry employees at York Gardens screaming at each
other within sight of elderly residents gathered for breakfast.
When she complained, administrators seemed more concerned
about identifying who had been yelling rather than over the effect
on vulnerable residents, Peters said.
There were a lot of little things that just didnt seem right,
Bromelkamp said.
A line we kept hearing was, It is what it is, Peters added.
The family decided to act. Without telling anyone at the facility, Peters carefully installed a hockey-puck sized camera, bought
on Amazon for $199, in plain view atop a refrigerator at the center of her mothers room. Instantly, the family had round-theclock, live feeds to their smartphones and laptops, including
e-mail alerts when the camera detected activity.

Disturbing footage
Within 72 hours, the sisters saw enough disturbing footage to
contact the president of York Gardens owner, Ebenezer, leaving
him a flurry of messages. Beyond the verbal abuse, video clips
showed aides repeatedly coming and going from Jackies room
without taking her to activities or escorting her to meals, which
the sisters suspect explained her weight loss. At other times, staff
failed to help with her washing and toileting, and could be seen
on video sleeping or watching television rather than providing
care, the sisters said.
May 2016


In a loud voice, a nursing assistant can be heard on video

repeatedly scolding Jackie, saying, You just stand around, you
try and get out of everything, you are like a child but youre not,
youre a grown-ass adult.
We wanted two things when we moved our mom. We wanted
her to be safe and we wanted her to be loved. That was it, said
Peters, as tears filled her eyes. We now know that our mom
wasnt safe, but she was certainly loved.

Aide is fired

A spokeswoman for Ebenezer said the facility took swift and

immediate action once it learned of the issue. She said the facility
reported the concerns to the state Department of Health immediately, and administrators met with staff. Ebenezer investigated the
allegations, then terminated the aide who verbally abused Jackie
and assigned more training for a second aide, the spokeswoman

said. The facility also brought in experts for more staff training.
We remain committed to providing employees the training
and support they need to ensure residents receive the best possible care, she said.
A state investigation found that verbal and emotional abuse had
occurred and said the individual aide, and not the facility, was
responsible for the maltreatment.
Since their mother died in early 2014, Peters and Bromelkamp
estimate they have advised more than 50 friends and families to
use cameras, even helping some to install the devices. They
advise families to think of the equipment as just one more piece
of the overall cost of care for their loved ones, even when a family member is being cared for by aides at home.
Its our mission, Bromelkamp said. Were obnoxious about
it because we just want people to avoid the heartache that we
went through.

Participants find aggressive sport

gives their joints a break
By Erica Curless
The Spokesman-Review (Spokane,
Mark Boyles joints were done with
soccer. With little cartilage left in his
knees, the Post Falls man needed a new
sport, something fun and fast-paced that
wouldnt stress his aging body.
The Internet directed him to water polo
and local coach Mark Collingham, who
started a club nearly five years ago at the
Salvation Army Kroc Center in Coeur
dAlene, Idaho.
Three years later, Boyles is a regular at
the Wednesday night practices and scrimmages.
Its just great, he said recently before
jumping in the pool for warm up drills. I
encourage all the old, fat guys to come.
Boyles likes it so much hes always
challenging his friends to join. At 54, its
ideal for his sore knees because there is no
impact. He also likes the camaraderie and
the mix of people _ from high school students to old guys like him.

If you can swim, youre in.

Collingham, 54, is always looking for

more players and wants to expand the program. He reiterates that water polo is for
anyone who can swim and wants to get a
great workout while having fun. Beginners
are welcome.
The other coach, Peter Neirinckx, 48,
agrees. This is a whole lot easier on your
body, said Neirinckx, who coached at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and
May 2016


(Kathy Plonka/The Spokesman-Review/TNS)

Players battle for the ball during practice at the Kroc Center in Coeur dAlene,
Idaho, on Jan. 25.
is a certified referee.
strong player, gliding through the water
Collingham, who played water polo for
with an effortless look.
Washington State University, and NeiYet Boyle classifies it as an extreme
rinckx also coach Coeur dAlene High
workout, especially if you arent in water
School water polo team that has won the
polo shape.
state championship three years in a row, a
The game is played in the deep end and
coup for the only team in North Idaho.
players use the eggbeater kick, where
Boyles said the coaches are great with
each leg is moving in a different direction,
beginners and that the fun part of playing
to tread water and keep their body out of
on an all-ages, co-ed team is that you have the water.
people of all skill levels.
You can only use one hand to grab and
He never laughed at me, Boyles said
pass the ball. Players can also swim the
of coach Collingham. Growing up in the
ball up the pool toward the goal, not
area, Boyles never had formal swimming
touching the ball but using the waves to
lessons he learned in the lake. The
push it. In water polo, players always
coaches helped him with his strokes and
swim with their heads out of the water so
the strategy for the game. Today, he is a
they can keep track of the ball and game.

(Kathy Plonka/The Spokesman-Review/TNS)

Water polo coach Peter Neirinckx waits for the drop of the
ball while playing goalie during practice at the Kroc Center
in Coeur dAlene, Idaho, on Jan. 25.
Soon Neirinckx is off like a water bug, fiercely pushing the ball
toward the far goal. Boyles takes long side strokes to catch the
coach, who soon passes the ball and is yelling instructions.
Get some distance, he said as two high school players tried
to figure out their positions. Collingham is on the deck, refereeing. He blows the whistle frequently and waves his arms in a set
of signals. Water polo is aggressive and unlike basketball, fouls
are encouraged. Thats how the ball stays in play. There is a lot of
wrestling and grabbing, a lot of which is unseen underwater.
If youre not fouling, you arent doing your job, Collingham
said. Each team has six players and a goalie. A goal floats in the
water on each end. The yellow ball resembles a volleyball but is
easier to grasp with wet hands, and it floats. All team members
wear swim caps with ear protectors but no goggles.
Water polo originated in 19th century England and resembled
rugby more than the modern version, which is like soccer and
embraces skill passing and speed over force. By 1900,
water polo became the first team sport added to the Olympic
Games, according to a history by the Collegiate Water Polo Association.
The word polo itself is the only connection between it and
the horseback game. Water polo has little resemblance to lap
swimming, other than they both take place in the water. Most of
the high school players also are on local swim teams, yet that is a
quiet, independent sport.

Water polo is loud and depends on a team.

I just like the excitement and rush of it, said Gabe

Markowski, 16, who is on the swim team and plays water polo
for Coeur dAlene High.
He enjoys playing with older, bigger players. Im less scared
now when I have to play against the bigger guys, he said.
Courtney Monsees, 27, recently moved to Coeur dAlene from
California and was shocked to find a water polo club. Her dad,
68, is a coach and her brother just missed qualifying for the
Olympics. Shes played water polo since age 9.
Its great, she said. I love playing anyone and everyone.
Thats what Collingham hopes attracts more people to the
Its just a fun game, he said. You get exercise but you really
dont think about that. You are just out there having fun.

May 2016


On The Menu

With Jim Durfey

Pizza with a Twist

Dont take your Chubby Checker LP out of its

jacket and play it on the stereo for this recipe. The
twist in this case refers to pizza with different
ingredients than what one usually encounters.
While the pepperoni and cheese pizza is undoubtedly the favorite of most Montanans, a pizza of a
different flavor can often be a big hit. The three

1 1/2 c. cooked white chicken meat, cut into half

inch cubes
3 tbsp. olive oil, divided
1 garlic clove, minced
1 tube refrigerated pizza dough, store bought
prepared pizza dough or your own pizza
All purpose flour
6 oz. fresh mozzarella cheese, shredded
3 oz. soft fresh goat cheese, crumbled
1/2 c. ricotta cheese
1/4 c. freshly grated Parmesan cheese
Freshly ground black pepper to taste
3 tbsp. thinly sliced fresh basil

1 tube refrigerated pizza dough, store bought

prepared pizza dough or your own pizza
All purpose flour
1/2 to 3/4 c. pizza sauce
1 1/2 c. shredded mozzarella cheese
1/2 c. ham, diced
3/4 c. pineapple chunks (fresh is better)
3 slices bacon, cooked and crumbled

1 tube refrigerated pizza dough, store bought

prepared pizza dough or your own pizza
All purpose flour
2 tbsp. olive oil
Enough fresh spinach leaves to completely cover
pizza in two layers
3 Roma tomatoes, thinly sliced
1 lb. mushrooms of your choice (crimini works
well), cleaned and sliced
8 oz. mozzarella cheese, shredded
6 to 8 oz. blue cheese or Gorgonzola cheese,

May 2016


recipes listed below might inspire your dinner

guests to start calling you the Pizza King or Queen.
The ingredients in the last recipe might sound a
little iffy. But dinner guests at the Durfey shack
have heaped praise on the home chef when it is
served. This recipe appeared in the April 2009 edition of Best Times but it is worth repeating here.

Chicken & White Sauce Pizza

Position rack in center of oven and preheat to 450F. Brush 9 x 13 metal
baking pan with one tablespoon olive oil. Mix remaining 2 tablespoons olive
oil and garlic in small bowl. Roll out pizza dough on lightly floured work
surface to 10 x 14 rectangle. Transfer dough to prepared pan. Brush lightly
with some of garlic oil. Top with chicken, mozzarella cheese and goat cheese.
Crumble ricotta cheese over, then sprinkle with Parmesan, leaving a half-inch
plain border. Bake pizza until crust is golden brown and cheese melts, about
18 minutes. Drizzle remaining garlic oil over pizza. Let stand three minutes.
Sprinkle with sliced basil.

pineapple & Bacon Pizza

Preheat oven to 475. Roll out pizza dough on lightly floured surface to
fit pizza baking pan. Place on baking pan. Spread pizza sauce over dough.
Sprinkle mozzarella cheese evenly over sauce. Sprinkle ham and pineapple
over cheese. Sprinkle bacon over top. Bake for 14 to 16 minutes or until
crust is lightly browned and cheese is bubbling. This makes an excellent
breakfast pizza when reheated.

Spinach, Mushroom
& Blue Cheese Pizza
Preheat oven to 500. Roll out pizza dough on lightly floured surface to fit
pizza baking pan. Sprinkle crust with olive oil. Arrange spinach leaves over
crust. Leave no gaps. Spread layer of tomato slices over spinach. Make third
layer with mushrooms. Sprinkle cheeses over top. Bake on lower rack of
oven for 10 or 12 minutes. Serve with pride.


c a l e n d a r
 Sunday, May 1, 2016
National Geographics 50 Greatest Photos, through May
30, Museum of the Rockies, Bozeman
Born for This interactive event, 7 p.m., Shane Lalani
Center for the Arts, Livingston
Miles City Garden Clubs Annual Membership Drive
The Language of Flowers Tea, and Perennial Swap/Sale
1 p.m., luncheon 2 p.m., Historic Miles City Academy, Miles
Gretchen Papka, Encaustic Explored, through May 31,
Depot Gallery, Red Lodge
 Thursday, May 5, 2016
Community Bird Festival, 4:30-7:30 p.m., Salish and Kootenai College, Pablo
 Friday, May 6, 2016
Contra Dance, 7:30 p.m. dance workshop, 8 p.m., dance;
Whittier School, Bozeman
First Friday Art Stroll, 5-9 p.m., downtown, Dillon
Miles Community College Nurses Pinning Ceremony,
Centra on MCC campus, Miles City
An Evening with Rodney Crowell, 7 p.m., Headwaters
Livestock Auction, Three Forks
 Saturday, May 7, 2016
Coty Hogue Trio CD Release Show, 7 p.m., Two Rivers
Gallery, Big Timber
Classes: Start with the Soil, noon-3 p.m.; Water in the
Landscape, 9 a.m.-noon; and Creating a Food Forest,
noon-3 p.m., Broken Ground, Bozeman
Miles Community College Commencement Ceremonies,
Centra on MCC campus, Miles City
 Sunday, May 8, 2016
Mothers Day Tea, 2-4 p.m., Gardiner Community Center,
Charlie Russell Chew Choo Dinner Train, 2 p.m.,
Hanover Boarding Station, Lewistown
 Monday, May 9, 2016

MSUB Foundation Wine and Food Festival, through May

14, MSU-Billings campus, Billings

 Thursday, May 12, 2016

Carrie Underwood, 7 p.m., Rimrock Arena,
Metra Park, Billings
Just Add Water, 7:30 p.m. - May 14, 20, 21, 3 p.m. May 15, 22, Ellen Theatre, Bozeman
Springfest, through May 15, Lewis and Clark county
Fairgrounds, Helena
Amazing American Indian Women throughout
Montanas History, 7 p.m., Livingston-Park County Public
Library, Livingston
 Friday, May 13, 2016
Open House birthday celebration, 5-8 p.m., Emerson
Center, Bozeman
 Thursday, May 19, 2016
Bucking Horse Sale, through May 22, Eastern Montana
Fairgrounds, Miles City
 Friday, May 20, 2016
Counterpoint Photography Exhibit Reception, 5:30 p.m.,
Livingston Center for Art and Culture, Livingston
 Saturday, May 21, 2016
Heritage Home Tour, 10 a.m., beginning at Moss Mansion,
Contra Dance, 7:30 p.m. dance workshop, 8 p.m., dance;
Whittier School, Bozeman
Counterpoint Photography Exhibit, through June 4,
Livingston Center for Art and Culture, Livingston
 Wednesday, May 25, 2016
Ira Wolf CD Release Party, 6 p.m., Livingston Center for
Art and Culture, Livingston

May 2016



Below is a list of volunteer openings available through the Retired and Senior Volunteer Program (RSVP) in communities across
southern Montana. To learn more about RSVP, call (800) 424-8867 or TTY (800) 833-3722 or log on to www.

Custer & Rosebud counties

- CNADA: Needs a volunteer to answer

phones and other receptionist duties. You
choose the hours and days.
- Clinic Ambassador: Need volunteer to
greet patients and visitors, providing directions and more, two locations.
-Custer County Community Table: Volunteers needed to serve meals, wash dishes
and greet the public at the Soup Kitchen.
- Custer County Food Bank: Volunteer
assistants needed for 8 a.m.-1:30 p.m.,
Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays, to
process donations, stock shelves and more.
- DAV van: Drivers needed to provide
transportation to veterans to medical
appointments. Van drivers needed in Baker
and Miles City.
- Eagles Manor: Volunteer exercise class
leader needed, 1-2 days a week, you pick
the days and the exercise for residents.
- Health Clinic: One ambassador needed
for afternoon shifts.
- Historic Miles City Academy: Urgently
need volunteers at the thrift store and in
other ways.
- Miles City Soup Kitchen: Desperately
seeking servers and greeters Monday-Friday; pick a day of the week you would like
to serve.
- St. Vincent DePaul: Volunteers to assist
in several different capacities.
- VA Activities: Urgent need for someone
to help with activities. Application packet
available at VA Activities Directors Office.
- WaterWorks Art Museum: Needs volunteers to assist in summer kids classes.
Also need volunteer receptionists, 2-hour
shifts Tuesdays-Sundays; a volunteer also
needed in cataloging the art collection, one
to assist with historic research of the permanent art collection, and a volunteer to
assist in kids classes when scheduled.
If you are interested in these or other volunteer opportunities please contact: Betty
Vail, RSVP Director; 210 Winchester Ave.
#413, Miles City, MT 59301; phone (406)
234-0505; email:

Fergus & Judith Basin counties

-American Red Cross: Seeking to build a

Fergus County Disaster Action Team to
assist during local emergencies.
- Art Center: In need of volunteers on
May 2016


- Central Montana Fairgrounds: Seeking
clerical support.
- Central Montana Youth Mentoring:
Seeking clerical support.
- Community Cupboard (Food Bank):
Volunteers are needed to help any week
mornings as well as with deliveries.
- Council on Aging: Volunteers needed to
assist at the daily Grubstakes meal and with
clerical help during the busy lunch hour.
- Library: Volunteer help always appreciated.
- ROWL (Recycle Our Waste Lewistown): Looking for volunteers to join teams
baling recyclables.
- Treasure Depot: Thrift store needs volunteers to sort, hang clothes and put other
items on display for sale.
-Valle Vista: Multiple opportunities to
volunteer with the elderly residents.
- Office of Veterans Affairs: Seeking clerical support.
- RSVP always has various needs for
your skills and volunteer services in our
Contact: RSVP Volunteer Coordinator
Sara Wald, 404 W. Broadway, Wells Fargo
Bank building, (upstairs), Lewistown, MT
59457; phone (406) 535-0077; email:

Gallatin County

- American Cancer Society-Road to

Recovery: Drivers needed for patients
receiving treatments from their home to the
- American Red Cross Blood Drive:
Three volunteer opportunities available:
Blood Drive Ambassador needed to welcome, greet, thank and provide overview
for blood donors; Team Leader Volunteers
needed to recruit, train and schedule Donor
Ambassadors and Couriers; Community
Outreach Specialist to seek out locations to
set up sign up tables for prospective volunteers and/or blood donors. Excellent customer service skills needed, training will be
provided, flexible schedule.
- Befrienders: Befriend a senior; visit on
a regular weekly basis.
- Belgrade Senior Center: Meals on
Wheels needs regular and substitute drivers
MondayFriday, to deliver meals to seniors
before noon.

- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Be a positive

role model for only a few hours each week.
- Bozeman and Belgrade Sacks Thrift
Stores: Need volunteers 2- to 3-hour shifts
on any day,Monday-Saturday 9:30 a.m.-6
- Bozeman Deaconess Hospital: Volunteers needed for the information desks in the
Atrium and the Perk,8 a.m.-noon,noon-4
p.m.; volunteer to escort patients through
the hospital, must be able to be on your feet
for long periods; volunteer needed at the
Care Boutique in the Cancer Center to help
customers and to keep merchandise in order.
- Bozeman Senior Center Foot Clinic:
Retired or nearly retired nurses are urgently
needed, 2 days a month, either 4- or 8-hour
- Bozeman Symphony: Volunteers to
greet patrons, check tickets and hand out
programs; ushers to guide patrons to their
seats; someone to set up the Underwriter
Room, and treats for the musicians are
- Bozeman Symphony Sunday Matinees:Need volunteer head of concessions
to set up and tear down concessions areas
and keep them clean during the concert,
must be able to stand for long times and
able to lift no more than 50 pounds.
- Cancer Support Community: Volunteer
receptionist needed for the last two Tuesdays of the month from 10 a.m.-1 p.m.;
position would be shared with another volunteer so there could be flexibility of schedule.
- Galavan: Volunteers needed to make
reminder calls and to confirm rides for the
following day; also need a volunteer for
morning dispatch to receive phone calls/
messages and relay information from clients to staff as required; drivers neededMonday-Friday, 10 a.m.-2 p.m.CDL
required and Galavan will assist you in
obtaining one. Volunteers also needed to
make reminder calls and confirm rides for
the following day.
- Gallatin Rest Home: Volunteers wanted
for visiting the residents, sharing your
knowledge of a craft, playing cards or reading to a resident.
- Gallatin Valley Food Bank: Volunteers
needed to deliver commodities to seniors in
their homes once a month. Deliveries in
Belgrade are especially needed.

- HRDC Housing Department Ready to

Rent: Curriculum for families and individuals who have rental barriers such as lack of
poor rental history, property upkeep, renter
responsibilities, landlord/tenant communication and financial priorities.
- Habitat for Humanity Restore: Belgrade
store needs volunteers for general help,
sorting donations and assisting customers.
- Heart of The Valley: Compassionate
volunteers especially needed to love, play
with and cuddle cats.
- Help Center: Computer literate volunteer interested in entering data into a social
services database; volunteers also needed to
make phone calls to different agencies/programs to make sure database is up to date
and make safety calls to home-bound
- Jessie Wilber Gallery at The Emerson:
Volunteers needed on Wednesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays to greet people at the
main desk, answer questions and keep track
of the number of visitors.
- Museum of the Rockies: Variety of
opportunities available such as helping in
the gift shop and more.
- RSVP Handcrafters: Volunteers to quilt,
knit, crochet and embroider hats for chemo
patients, baby blankets and other handmade
goods once a week (can work from home);
also need volunteers to tie and finish quilts.
*Donations of baby yarn needed for the
quilting, knitting and crocheting projects
and can be dropped off at the RSVP office
upstairs in the Senior Center.
- Seniors: You may qualify for $192$600 a years for grocery and food assistance.
-Three Forks Food Bank:Volunteer
needed on Mondays and/orThursdaysto
help with administrative duties, including
answer phones and questions, some paper
and computer work. They will train.
- VITA: Volunteer at the Community
Caf to serve as the first point of contact for
customers, set a friendly and welcoming
atmosphere, monitor site traffic and sign in
procedure, Monday, Wednesday and Friday
afternoons noon-3 p.m.
- Warming Center: Volunteers needed for
a variety of different shifts, 7 p.m.-7 a.m.;
training held every Tuesday at the Warming
Center.Please call for more information.
- Your unique skills and interests are
needed, without making a long-term commitment, in a variety of ongoing, special,
one-time events.
Contact: Debi Casagranda, RSVP Program Coordinator, 807 N. Tracy, Bozeman,
MT 59715; phone (406) 587-5444; fax
(406) 582 8499; email: dcasagranda@

Musselshell, Golden Valley

and Petroleum counties

- Central Grade School: Needs volunteer tutors to encourage children with their
reading skills in the America Reads program. Also volunteers needed to assist
younger students with lunch, clear tables
and serve from the salad bar.
- Drama Camp: Volunteers needed for
positions of director and assistant director.
- 4-H Fair: Volunteers needed to sit at the
table in the art building.

- Nursing Home: Pianoplayers and
singers neededon Fridays to entertain residents, alsoassistant needed in activities for
residents to enrich supported lifestyle.
- RIDE: Volunteers needed for selling
tickets at the night shows.
- Senior Center: Volunteers are needed to
provide meals, clean up in the dining room
and/or keep records; meal provided.
- The Trade Show: Volunteers needed to
serve at door prize table.
- Dinner Theater: Volunteers needed for
cooking and serving the meal.
- RSVP offers maximum flexibility and
choice to its volunteers as it matches the
personal interests and skills of older Americans with opportunities to serve their communities. You choose how and where to
serve. Volunteering is an opportunity to
learn new skills, make friends and connect
with your community.
Contact: Shelley Halvorson, South Central MT RSVP, 315 1/2 Main St., Ste. #1,
Roundup, MT 59072; phone (406) 3231403; fax (406) 323-4403; email: ; Facebook:
South Central MT RSVP.

Park County

- Big Brothers Big Sisters: Volunteers

needed as positive role models to children,
only a few hours a week.
- Chamber of Commerce: Needs a volunteer a few hours a week for on-going

position of running a copy machine and

making up visitors packets.
- Food Pantry: Volunteers needed to help
on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
- Fix-It Brigade: Volunteers of all ages
and skill levels needed to help with small
home repairs such as mending a fence,
shoveling snow, or something as simple as
changing light bulbs. You will be helping
seniors or veterans for a 2-hour or less
task, on your time schedule.
- Handcrafters: Join this group on
Thursdays 1-2 p.m. in making crocheted
or knitted caps and scarves for children at
Head Start. Also making gifts for the prenatal classes and baby hats and afghans for
the hospital newborns. Sewers needed to
make simple pillowcases for soldiers overseas.
- Links for Learning: Needs volunteers
after school 3:45-5 p.m. at any of the three
elementary schools listening to children
read. No experience necessary.
- Loaves and Fishes: Volunteers needed
to prepare a dinner meal.
- Mainstreeter Store: Needs someone
who enjoys working with the public. Help
greet customers, label and hang clothes and
accept donations. Volunteer 4 hours a week
and get 50 percent off your purchases.
- Meals on Wheels: In need of substitute
drivers to deliver meals to seniors in their
- Senior Center: Volunteers needed to cut
unsold clothing into rags Thursdays, 1 p.m.
- Senior Center Foot Clinic: Volunteers
and nurses needed twice a month to help
the seniors with foot care.
- Stafford Animal Shelter: Gentle compassionate volunteers to socialize and play
with the kittens and cats and walk the dogs.
1-hour safety training provided.
- Transportation: Drivers needed to help
patients keep their doctor appointments in
Livingston and/or in Bozeman. Gas reimbursement may be provided.
- Yellowstone Gateway Museum: Volunteer needed to man the front desk and help
catalog and label items.
- RSVP: Has many one-time events,
including mailings and fundraising events
this summer that require volunteers, such
as at the Hoot, the Fly Fishing Fair, and at
the 2016 NPS Centennial . Your unique
skills and interests are needed, without
making a long-term commitment, in a variety of on-going and special one-time
Contact: Deb Downs, Program Coordinator, 111 So. 2nd St., Livingston, MT
59047; phone (406) 222-2281; email:
May 2016

By Bill Sones and Rich Sones, Ph.D.

Send STRANGE questions to brothers Bill and Rich at

Why does farm life seem to protect

kids from asthma and hay fever?

Q. It seems that farm life protects kids from developing

asthma and hay fever, but no one knows exactly why. Whats
the latest on this intriguing connection?
A. Various researchers in Belgium and Germany have
confirmed that dust from dairy farms switches on an antiinflammatory enzyme in the lung cells of mice keeping the
immune system from overreacting to common allergens, such as
house dust mites, reported Meghan Rosen in Science News
magazine. The key ingredient may be bits of bacteria called
endotoxin, coming from dried-out manure that has crumbled to
dust, explains pulmonary physician Bart Lambrecht of
Belgiums Ghent University. Wind can pick up the tiny particles
and loft them into the air. Were used to breathing this in.
Based on data surveys, this same sort of protection against
allergies was found in 1700 children from four European
countries. Lambrecht makes a case that some kids live in houses
that are scrubbed with hospital-grade antiseptic soap and are just
too clean. Theres no reason why our kitchen sinks should be
sterile, he says.
Though not all scientists agree with the import of these
findings, the work may offer a new mechanism for explaining
how cells in the lungs can prevent allergic airway inflammation.
Stay tuned.

Q. Next time you offer a glass of cheap wine to guests, what

might you tell them to enhance their sipping pleasure?
A. If youre OK with lying to make others happier, tell them
its a really expensive wine. First, typical casual wine drinkers
can hardly tell the difference between cheap and expensive wines.
Indeed, in thousands of double-blind taste tests involving
hundreds of Americans and hundreds of different wines ranging
from $1.65 to $150 per bottle, the assigned rankings (bad, OK,
good, great) showed the subjects typically had a slight preference
for the cheap stuff, report Robin Goldstein et al. in the Journal
of Wine Economics.
Second, we expect expensive wines to taste better. As
reported by Harvard professor Joseph Henrich in his book The
Secret of Our Success: How Culture Is Driving Human
Evolution, Domesticating Our Species, and Making Us
Smarter, the pleasure someone gets from a glass of wine is
influenced by how expensive they think it is. In tasting tests,
brain scan studies have confirmed this bias: When two identical
wines were labeled cheap or expensive, those drinking the
expensive sample usually had higher activity in their brains
pleasure centers.
Concludes Henrich, In terms of rational gift-giving strategies,
this suggests that when giving wine as gifts to Americans without
wine training, you should buy cheap wine, remove any price
indications, and tell them its really expensive wine. This will
May 2016


maximize their pleasure and yours--by saving money ...

Q. One week each year for the past 14 years, German
astrophysicist and science historian Mathieu Ossendrijver
trekked to Londons British Museum to study ancient
Babylonian cuneiform tablets (dating from 350 to 50 B.C.E.)
describing the motion of the planet Jupiter. Why, he
wondered, is a trapezoid a rectangle with a slanted top
referenced among the arithmetical calculations?
A. When the answer dawned on him, it rewrote a chapter of the
history of mathematics, reports Ron Cowen in Science
magazine. The trapezoid proved to represent a plot of Jupiters
speed versus time, showing that the Babylonians understood that
the area was the distance Jupiter traveled. This concept of the
area beneath a speed-time curve equaling distance is part of the
branch of mathematics called calculus, which historians had long
thought was invented in 14th-century Europe. As New York
University historian Alexander Jones puts it, the new findings
testify to the revolutionary brilliance of the unknown
Mesopotamian scholars who constructed Babylonian
mathematical astronomy.
Q. Whats out there to put people under acoustical attack in
large numbers of kitchens?
A. The buzzing, cracking, popping, whirring, high-pitched
ringing of the refrigerator provides the din for dinner these
days, says Amber Williams in Scientific American magazine.
According to a study by Korean engineers, an estimated 50% of
owners are decidedly annoyed by this racket. One particularly
irksome noise is unique to no-frost fridges: a popping sound that
bursts into the room in spats when the home appliances
compressor revs up.
Using vibration sensors and microphones, a team of
mechanical engineers from Turkey observed that the popping or
cracking noises were most frequent and loudest when the
heater was running during the fridges defrost stage. Rapid
temperature changes cause contraction and expansion of
adjoining metallic and other materials in the heating panel,
creating the so-called stick slip phenomenon, where static
friction causes parts to alternately stick together, then slip by one
another, vibrating and radiating sound (Applied Acoustics).
As acoustic consultant David Bowen put it, Its a that-reallybothers-me type of noise.
Q. Why is that little girl holding her breath while she gets
an injection?
A. Because she instinctively senses that doing this will lessen
the pain. Spanish researchers Gustavo Reyes del Paso and
colleagues conducted the definitive experiment: 38 intrepid

subjects had their fingernails squashed while they were either

inhaling a deep breath or holding their breath, reports Jessica
Hamzelou in New Scientist magazine. As it turned out, they
felt less pain during breath-holding than during inhalation (Pain
Medicine). Perhaps because breath-holding is known to elevate
blood pressure, and because elevated blood pressure is also
associated with stress, we have evolved to naturally dampen pain


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1 Protests by not taking any
6 Floorboard hardware item
10 Cloaks
15 Top dog
16 Western city with an annual balloon race
17 She slugged a sheriff in
18 Pick up
19 Big story
20 With 13-Down, Unfaith
ful Oscar nominee
21 Waits on hand and foot
23 Pity
25 Proof letters
26 Not much power
27 Never Cry Wolf author
Farley __
29 __ tree falls ...
30 Significant period
31 __ moment
34 Capital near Las Vegas
41 Popular software for gam
42 Variety show on which
The Honeymooners began
as a skit
43 Buddy
44 Former court gp.
45 Big name in outdoor gear
46 Pope John Paul IIs given

48 Ready for business sign
52 Toon that debuted in the
1954 cartoon Devil May
55 Hyde Park on Hudson
56 Peak
57 Hardly warm
59 Comet competitor
61 Secretary of war under
62 Language that gives us
63 Accept
64 Tears down,
in 65-Across
65 North Sea
66 Inspected
67 Decorative
1 Gandolfinis
TV wife
2 Yond Cassius
has __ and hun
gry look
3 Sudden rush
4 Obeyed a fish
ing regulation
5 Marin County

under these conditions. (Indeed, people with high blood pressure

tend to have higher pain thresholds.)
Some caveats: The effect was small--about half a point on a
10-point scale. And it may only work if the breath-holding starts
before the pain kicks in, for example, anticipating an injection.
Says Richard Chapman of the University of Utah, It may be possible to coach people in acute pain--such as during childbirth--to
control their pain by breath-holding. But holding your breath can
also tense your muscles, which might make some painful conditions worse.
Q. Whats a pharmaceutical sleuth to do with an array of
6,000-plus existing drugs to treat some 100,000 known diseases?
A. If youre Rong Xu, medical informatics specialist at Case
Western Reserve School of Medicine, youll be combining computer programs and medical data to uncover new uses for the
drugs those welcome or beneficial side effects--reports the universitys Think magazine. Extracting data from some 22 million medical journal articles, Xu is looking for reports of positive
outcomes of drugs prescribed for another purpose. For example,
the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved finasteride to
address male pattern baldness but the drug company formulated it
to treat enlarged prostate.
The focus of her research will be diseases that have few treatments, such as schizophrenia and certain aggressive cancers and
neurological disorders. As she says, In some cases, we may be
able to skip years of testing because we already know these drugs
are safe.
6 Footballs Favre
7 Tow job, for short
8 Singer DiFranco
9 BBC hero since 1963
10 Screwdriver part
11 Commercial prefix with
12 Big oil exporter
13 See 20-Across
14 Lose
22 It may be swiped at work
24 Lowland amphibian
27 1980s attorney general
28 Attorneys specialty

32 Simple greeting
33 Big name in PCs
34 Ink __
35 Actor Driver of Girls
36 Salmon choice
37 Involved
38 Athlete known as The
King of Clay
39 Absent
40 Logical operators
47 Pin, say
48 Rejected
49 Self-confidence
50 Wild blue yonder
51 City across the
Rhine from Dsseldorf
52 Hardly boundarypushing
53 Poor me!
54 Places with exhibits
56 Cod relative
58 Mt. Hood setting
60 Colorful flier

May 2016


Alzheimers Disease and Dementia

Are You at Risk?

According to a new study by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the
National institute on Aging, men and women with hearing loss are much more likely
to develop dementia and Alzheimers disease. People with severe hearing loss, the study
reports, were 5 times more likely to develop dementia than those with normal hearing.

Have you noticed a change in your

ability to remember?

The more hearing loss you have, the greater the likelihood of
developing dementia or Alzheimers disease. Hearing aids could delay or
prevent dementia by improving the patients hearing.
2011 Study by John Hopins University School of Medicine and the National Instituded of Aging.


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In-store demonstration of the newest
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Do you feel that people mumble or do not speak clearly?

Do you turn the TV up louder than others need to?
Do family or friends get frustrated when you ask them to
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Do you have trouble understanding the voices of women
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