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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MALAYSIA SEMESTER II, SESSION 2014/2015 SSCE/SSE 2193: ENGINEERING STATISTICS

Chapter 4 Exercises

1.

Test the hypothesis that the random sample

 
 

30.4

31.2

30.8

29.9

30.4

30.7

29.9

30.1

 

came from a normal population with mean 30.5. The standard deviation of the measurements

is

known to be 0.1. Use α = 0.05.

 

2.

A sample of size 60 yielded that values x¯ = 46.7 and s 2 = 41.5. Test the hypothesis that µ = 45 against the alternative that it is greater. Use α = 0.05.

3.

Repeat question (1) without assuming that the standard deviation is known to be 0.1. In other words estimate the population variance from the sample measurements. Use α = 0.05.

4.

A

manufacturer claims that the standard mean volume per bottle of shampoo is 250 milliliter.

Ten random samples are taken from a batch and the volume per bottle is measured. The ten measurements have a sample mean of 243 milliliter and a standard deviation of 7 milliliter. Assume approximate normality of data. Is this sample mean significantly below the claimed

value? Use α = 0.01.

 

5.

The standard deviation of the breaking strengths of certain cables produced by a company

is

given as 240 kg. After a change was introduced in the process of manufacturing of these

cables, the breaking strengths of a sample of 8 cables showed a standard deviation of 300 kg. Investigate the significance of the apparent increase in variability. Use α = 0.01.

6.

A

semiconductor company claimed that at least 99% of the electronic components which they

export without defect. A sample of 150 electronic components was tested, and 12 with defect. Can we accept the company’s claim at a 0.01 level of significance?

7.

An opinion survey in district D1 found that 68% of people considered electrical’s tariffs to be too high. A random sample of 35 people in district D2 were asked the same question 21 thought electrical’s tariffs to be too high. Is this proportion significantly different from that of district D1? Use α = 0.05.

8.

One sample of 20 observations has x¯ 1 = 42 and s 1 = 3. A second sample of 15 observations has x¯ 1 = 35 and s 1 = 7. Is there a significance difference between the two sample means at the 0.01 level of significance? Assume that the two populations have equal variances.

9.

Random samples of 200 screws manufactured by machine A and 100 screws manufactured by machine B showed 19 and 5 defective screws, respectively. Test the hypothesis that

(a)

Machine B is performing better than machine A

(b)

The two machines are showing different qualities of performance. Use α = 0.05.

10. A vote is to be taken to determine whether a new housing should be constructed. The housing area is near to a county site and also short distance from a town. To determine if there is a significant difference in the proportion of county voters and town voters favoring the proposal,

a poll is taken. A random sample of 93 of 150 county voters favor the proposal and 387 of

450 town voters also favor the the proposal. Can we conclude that the proportion do county voters favoring the proposal is lower than the proposal of town voters? Use α = 0.05.

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11. A sample of male and a sample of female were polled on an issue. 120 of 250 male and 126 of 300 female vote yes on the issue. Can we conclude that more male than female favor the issue. Use α = 0.02.

12. Repeat exercise 11 but using α = 0.10.

13. Two types of soil namely S1 and S2 at certain district solutions were tested for their gamma radiation dose. A random sample of 6 measurements of S1 showed a mean of 7.52 with a standard deviation of 0.024. A random sample of 5 measurements of S2 showed a mean of 7.49 with a standard deviation of 0.032. Assume both population variances are equal.

(a)

Determine whether the two types of soil have different gamma radiation doses. Use α = 0.05.

(b)

Determine whether the two types of soil have difference in the variability of gamma radiation doses. Use α = 0.01.

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Answers to Exercise 4

1. z test =

2.3717; reject H 0 .

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

z test = 2.044; reject H 0 .

t test = 0.5167; fail to reject H 0 .

2.821; reject H 0 .

Fail to reject H 0 . z test = 6.1546; reject H 0 .

z test = 1.014; fail to reject H 0 .

z test = 4.0216; reject H 0 .

a. Fail to reject H 0

t test

=

b. Fail to reject H 0 .

z test =

6.3640; reject H 0 .

z test = 1.4084; fail to reject H 0 .

z test = 1.4084; reject H 0 .

a. Fail to reject H 0

b. Fail to reject H 0 .