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An Assembly is comprised of one or more Solid Works Parts or Assemblies, and is used to model
relationships between these subcomponents or subassemblies using relationships called Mates.
You can build complex assemblies consisting of many components, which can be parts or other
assemblies, called subassemblies. For most operations, the behavior of components is the same
for both types. Adding a component to an assembly creates a link between the assembly and the
component. When SOLIDWORKS opens the assembly, it finds the component file to show it in
the assembly. Changes in the component are automatically reflected in the assembly.

The Feature Manager design tree displays these items for assemblies:

Top-level assembly (the first item)

Various folders, for example, Annotations

Assembly planes and origin

Components (subassemblies and individual parts)

Assembly features (cuts or holes) and component patterns

and Mates

You can expand or collapse each component to view its details by clicking beside the
component name. To collapse all the items in the tree, right-click anywhere in the tree and select
Collapse Items.
You can use the same component multiple times within an assembly. For each occurrence of the
component in the assembly, the suffix <n> is incremented.
In the Feature Manager design tree, a component name can have a prefix that provides
information about the state of its relationships to other components. The prefixes are:

Under defined


Over defined




Not solved

The absence of a prefix indicates that the components position is fully defined. See Mate Errors
for information about mate symbols and error messages.
In Top-down design, parts' shapes, sizes, and locations can be designed in the assembly. For

You can model a motor bracket so it is always the correct size to hold a motor, even if
you move the motor. SOLIDWORKS automatically resizes the motor bracket. This
capability is particularly helpful for parts like brackets, fixtures, and housings, whose
purpose is largely to hold other parts in their correct positions. You can also use top-down
design on certain features (such as locating pins) of otherwise bottom-up parts.

The design of photocopier can be laid out in a layout sketch, whose elements represent
the pulleys, drums, belts, and other components of the photocopier. You create the 3D
components based on this sketch. As you move or resize elements in the sketch,
SOLIDWORKS automatically moves or resizes the 3D components in the assembly. The
speed and flexibility of the sketch allows you to try several versions of the design before
building any 3D geometry, and to make many types of changes in one central location.

The advantage of top-down design is that much less rework is needed when design changes
occur. The parts know how to update themselves based on the way you created them.
You can use top-down design techniques on certain features of a part, complete parts, or entire
assemblies. In practice, designers typically use top-down techniques to lay out their assemblies
and to capture key aspects of custom parts specific to their assemblies.
Mates create geometric relationships between assembly components. As you add mates, you
define the allowable directions of linear or rotational motion of the components. You can move a
component within its degrees of freedom, visualizing the assembly's behavior.
Some examples include:

A coincident mate forces two planar faces to become coplanar. The faces can move along
one another, but cannot be pulled apart.

A concentric mate forces two cylindrical faces to become concentric. The faces can move
along the common axis, but cannot be moved away from this axis.

Mates are solved together as a system. The order in which you add mates does not matter; all
mates are solved at the same time. You can suppress mates just as you can suppress features.

The software treats dimensions as parametric, modifiable entities. If you could add dimensions to
entities already defined by relations or mates, you could violate the relations or mates by
modifying the dimension. For example:

Fully defined sketch

Redundant perpendicular relation added. Sketch is still fully defined

Redundant dimension added. Sketch is over defined.

Robustness and

Mate components to a common component for optimum performance.


Use face-to-face mates, if your design intent permits, because they tend to be
more robust and predictable.


Use subassemblies to limit the number of top-level mates. The application

solves all top level mates whenever it rebuilds an assembly.

Click Assembly Expert

Efficiency when
adding mates

(Tools toolbar) to display assembly statistics.

Use mate references if your models use similar components that you
need to replace regularly. Click Mate Reference
Geometry toolbar) and set the mates.

Use Smart Mates.


Types of Mates
1 Standard Mates
Standard mates include angle, coincident, concentric, distance, lock, parallel, perpendicular, and
tangent mates.
2 Advanced Mates
Advanced mates include limit, linear/linear coupler, path, symmetry, and width mates.
3 Mechanical Mates
Mechanical mates include cam-follower, gear, hinge, rack and pinion, screw, and universal joint
You can create mates using spherical bodies and surfaces.
You can create mates for spherical bodies with the following relationships: Tangential to
nonlinear edges and sketches Tangent to non-planar surfaces
You can create mates between elliptical, conical, and parabolic edges, sketch entities, and other
geometry that are related as follows: Coincident to a point Tangent to a line, circle, cylinder,
sphere, or ellipse

The assembly of rotary feeder consists of various subassemblies like


Subassembly of guide roller

Sub assembly of bearing
Subassembly of feeder hopper
Subassembly of holding rod
Subassembly of shaft coupling


First of all the basic component is to be imported in the solid works assembly program after that
rest of the parts can be inserted in the assembly one by one as in this assembly of feeder cover is
done by joining different mates in this case we used concentric and coincident mates as required
by the designs


In this sub assembly of the rotary feeder this is having the name of feeder hopper as in this The
drawing is consist of feeder hopper and feeder chute these parts of rotary feeder are joined by the
concentric mates because this particular subassembly has to rotate in the particular designed
manner and for such degree of freedoms which is to be provided to the chute is can be only
defined by concentric mates. This types of mates are applied on the circular shapes and in this
particular part the concentric mates is applied on the holes where the bolts are to b fitted to join
the feeder hoper and feeder chute


This subassembly of the rotary feeder. In this assembly there very small components are used but
all the components used in in this assembly plays an important role to work the feeder at it
maximum capacity because this the only part which hold the feeder at different angle so that it
can fill up the tanks in cement handling plant at its maximum efficiency in order to serve the
plants the small parts used in the holding rod bearing, bearing cap , shaft, bush bearing, and the
holding bar which is connected the feeder chute


An exploded view shows an assembly's components spread out, but positioned to show how they
fit together when assembled. You create exploded views by selecting and dragging parts in the
graphics area, creating one or more explode steps. In exploded views you can:
Evenly space exploded stacks of components (hardware, washers, and so on).
Radially explode components about an axis.
Drag and auto-space multiple components.
Attach a new component to the existing explode steps of another component. This is useful if
you add a new part to an assembly that already has an exploded view.
If a subassembly has an exploded view, reuse that view in a higher-level assembly.
Add explode lines to indicate component relationships.
While an assembly is exploded, you cannot add mates to the assembly.


The above showed figure displays the final assembly of the rotary feeder it consists all of its
parts to work and in solid work its functioning is defined all the mates whether it standard,
advanced and mechanical mates

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