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SOEKARNO

Soekarno was born in Surabaya, on June 6, 1901, and


named as Koesno Sosrodihardjo, however he was often sick so that
his parents changed his name into Soekarno. Many people adored
him because he had many special characteristics. He was
charismatic and he made many people grace him. His parents were
teachers who had huge influence. They were Raden Soekemi
Sosrodihardjon and Ida Ayu Nyoman Rai. Soekarno had many
wives. They are Oetari, Inggit Ganarsih, Fatmawati, Hartini,
Kartini Manoppo, Ratna Sari Dewi, Haryati, Yurike Sanger, and
Heldy Djafar. Fatmawati gave him five children. They are
Megawati Soekarno Putri, Sukmawati Soekarno Putri, Rachmawati
Soekarno Putri, Guntur Soekarno Putra and Guruh Soekarno Putra.
Soekarno went to primary school in Mojokerto and after that he continued to high school
in Surabaya. There were many advantages by having education in Surabaya. One of those was he
knew many figures who had reformist soul and they were willing to struggle for Indonesias
independence. After he graduated from high school, he continued his study in Bandung. At that
era, he chose Netherlands engineering school or now it is well-known as ITB (Bandung Intitute
of Technology).
After he finished his study, Soekarno realized and became more concerned in the struggle
to reach the independence of Indonesia. The history noted that his effort was hard and he often
dealt with law. Soekarno also establish a party named Indonesian National Party on July 4, 1927.
The purpose of this party was to free Indonesia from Netherlands colonial government. Due to
his bravery, the colonial government arrested him and he was jailed in Suka Miskin, on
December 1929. He was free from the jail in 1931.
Nevertheless, his struggle came true than on August 17, 1945, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta
declared the independence and freedom of Indonesia. This declaration of independence brought
them together to be the first president and vice president of Indonesia. During his presidency,
Soekarno faced many problems. He focused in building the image of Indonesia to eyes of the
world. Soekarno also got many awards. One of them was a doctor title from 26 universities in
Indonesia and the other countries, such as Gajah Mada University, Indonesia University,
Bandung Institue of Technology, Padjadjaran University, Hasanuddin University, Institut Agama
Islam Negeri Jakarta, Columbia University (Amerika Serikat), Berlin University (Jerman),

Lomonosov University (Rusia) and Al-Azhar University (Mesir). President Soekarno also gave
many ideas to the international world. He felt empathically to help the countries in Africa which
had not got their independence yet, therefore he initiated to hold a conference of Asia-Africa in
Bandung in 1955.
Soekarno had to step back in 1967. After his presidency period, he spent his time in
Bogor Palace. Day by day, his health became worsen so that he had to get care from presidents
doctor team. He passed away on June 20, 1970, in Jakarta. Soekarno is well-know as the
founding Father of Indonesia. He was given a title as proclamation here. The story of Soekarno
was filmed by Hanung Bramantyo with title Soekarno : Indonesia Merdeka .