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Amir Fard Bahreini

Vijay K Thammannagari

Introduction:
In this project, we have looked at Flood Data dataset which contains flood
data from 1985 to 2014 and includes copious of information, namely
location, date, estimated damage, casualties and displacement, magnitude
and main causes of floods. Below is the list of analyses that we have
performed on the data set.
I.
No. of

Exhibi
tI

Yearly breakdown of the total number of floods

Exhibi
t II

Main causes of flood and their trends over the past 20

Exhibi
t III

Countries

worldwide through trend line.

floods
yearly
II.
Main
Causes
III.
Top 3 in

years
with

the

highest

number

of

casualties(Deaths) in the first 3 deadliest years

Deadliest
years

IV.
Damage>

Countries which endured the highest number of


Exhibi
t IV

1B
V.

damages over 1 billion $ between 1985-2014


Most financially damaging flood in USA between 1985

60B

Exhibi
tV

Damage
VI.

displacements
Exhibi Area affected by the longest(duration) flood in china
t VI

and

2014

detailed

location,

date,

deaths

and

the most deadliest years in quarter 3 of the year

Dashboard

Top 5 causes of flood in the top 5 most flooded

countries (Breakdown yearly with trend line, 1985-

Country-

2014)

Cause

Dashboard

Analysis of the 5 deadliest years regarding main

causes,

highest

number

of

casualties

and

Amir Fard Bahreini

Deadliest

Vijay K Thammannagari

displacements.

Amir Fard Bahreini

I.

Vijay K Thammannagari

Yearly breakdown of the total number of floods worldwide


through trend line

Based on the graph, the total number of floods worldwide between 1985 and
2014 has been recorded at 4,234. In addition, years 2003, 2002, and 2007
with 293, 260, and 242 incidents are the most flooded years in the past 30
years (Exhibit I). Based on the trend line graph, while the number of floods
was gradually increasing between 1985(69 floods) and 2007(242 floods),
starting 2008(180 floods), we see a decreasing trend which has been
continuing until 2014(99 floods). Finally, the year 1987 with 45 incidents, is
the lowest flooded year in the past twenty years. This analysis can provide
useful insights for researchers and particularly meteorologist, whom are
interested in studying the weather behavior and any abnormal incidents such
as the sharp increase in the number of floods which happened in 2002 and
2003.

II.

Main causes of flood and their trends over the past 20 years

According to the data sets, the 5 main causes for floods in the past 30 years
are: (1) Heavy rain, (2) Torrential Rain, (3) Monsoonal Rain, (4) Tropical
Cyclone, and (5) Brief Torrential Rain.
With 2,585, Heavy Rain is the main cause behind the flooding of the past
30 years. However, since 2003, the number of heavy rain which has led to
flooding has decreased which can explain why we have witnessed a decrease
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Amir Fard Bahreini

Vijay K Thammannagari

in the total number of floods in the past 7 years as well. Torrential Rain with
344 is second main reason behind floods. Although steady between all these
years, in the past 5 years, we can see that a smaller number of Torrential
Rain has caused floods. Monsoonal Rain with 336 times, Tropical
Cyclone with 328, and Brief Torrential with 210 times are ranked 3 to 5
among the main causes of floods. Exhibit II shows that throughout the past
30 years, the average of number of these 3 causes leading to floods has
remained the same. This information is again useful for Meteorologists to
study the pattern of the weather. It also aids the strong argument on why the
number of floods in the past 7 years has been decreasing.
III.

Countries with the highest number of casualties(Deaths) in the


first 3 deadliest years

Unfortunately, the most negative aspect of floods is its casualties. Among


the 4,234 floods of the past 30 years, some years have been deadliest than
others and some countries faced this issue more severely than others. In this
part, first we have determined the years which floods have left the most
deaths. Years 2008, 2004, and 1991 has been deadliest years in this period.
However, each year one country suffered more than others. In 1991,
Bangladesh with 139,039 counted for 92.6% of total deaths in that year. In
2004, Thailand with 160,023 deaths, comprised 92.4% of deaths due to
floods in that year. In 2008, Burma with 100,000 out of 107,610 counted for
93% of total deats. In addition to Meteorologists, economists and the local
governments can also use this insights to analyze the social and the
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economic situations of their country and explain any abnormal trends that
might have happened in that time period.
IV.

Countries which endured the highest number of damages over

1 billion $ between 1985-2014


In addition casualties, floods have had a negative financial impact in many
countries. In some, this loss added up to billion dollars. This analysis
determines the countries which have endured losses more than one billion
dollars more than others. China with 16 times have faced the heavy financial
impact that floods left behind. United Stated with 10 and UK with 6, were
placed in the next 2 places.
V.Most financially damaging flood in USA between 1985 and 2014
detailed location, date, deaths and displacements
The database shows that in 2005, a flood which came from the Gulf of
Mexico coast caused 60,000,000,000 $ in damage and has been the most
financially devastating flood in the past 30 years. Locations affected by the
flood were Louisiana, New Orleans, Slidell, St. Bernard Parish Mississippi
Biloxi, Gulfport, Harrison County, Pascagoula, Waveland, Bay St. Louis
Alabama and Dauphin Island. This flood led to displacement of 500,000
people and death of 1,053 others. The information is useful for to
Meteorologists, economists, the local and Federal government.
VI. Area affected by the longest (duration) flood in china the most
deadly years and the quarter that the flood happened
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Vijay K Thammannagari

1991, 2004, and 2008 have been the deadliest years in the past 30 years.
The longest flood in China happened at the year 2004, in which it went for 95
days. A closer look shows us that this flood happened at Q3 of 2004 and
affected 555,517 sq km in its way.

Dashboard 1: Country- Cause


Top 5 causes of flood in the top 5 most flooded countries
(Breakdown yearly with trend line, 1985-2014)
Dashboard is constructed based on three worksheets:
1. Most flooded countries
2. Main Causes
3. Yearly trend line
The objective is to find more information regarding the countries which had
the highest number of floods in the past 20 years. With the help of this
dashboard, not only main causes of flood and the number of times it has
caused flood appears, but also we can see yearly breakdown of the country
flood history. Figure 1 below shows the instance where we choose
USA:

Amir Fard Bahreini

Vijay K Thammannagari

Figure 1

By clicking on USA,

we that the

in the past 30

years, the

country has face 398 flood, in which 243 of those incidents were caused by
heavy rain. The dashboard also provides the yearly breakdown.

Amir Fard Bahreini

Vijay K Thammannagari

Dashboard 2: Deadliest
Analysis of the 5 deadliest years regarding main causes, highest
number of casualties and displacements.
Dashboard is constructed based on four worksheets:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Deadliest years
Main Causes
Displaced
Deaths

This dashboard, provide useful insight on the most deadly years. First, it
reveals the main causes of flood in those years. This can be extremely useful
not only for meteorologists, but also ordinary people to be extra cautious
when it comes those natural phenomena. Secondly, it shows which country
lost the most number of people in that year, and finally it shows the
countries which had to endure the most number of displacement among
their
people

in

those

years.

Figure 1 below shows the instance


where we choose 1991:

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Vijay K Thammannagari

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Exhibit I

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Exhibit II

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Exhibit III

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Exhibit IV

V.

Exhibit V

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VI.

Exhibit VI

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