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OCS

Jr/ Sr. High School


Name: ________________________________
Pre Assessment
/
Assessment
Unit: Biodiversity and DNA

Date: ____________________

Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____

1. What is one way in which scientists get information about the evolutionary history of species?
a. by comparing organisms body structures
b. by observing where organisms live
c. by observing what organisms eat
d. by studying how organisms move

____

2. What contribution of Charles Darwin had a major impact on classification?


a. binomial nomenclature
b. taxonomy
c. seven levels of classification
d. his theory of evolution

____

3. The gradual change in species over time is called


a. adaptation.
b. natural selection.
c. evolution.
d. classification.

____

4. What forms a genetic code?


a. the number of daughter cells in an organism
b. the order of nitrogen bases along a gene
c. the order of proteins along a gene
d. the number of phosphates in a DNA strand

____

5. A DNA molecule is shaped like a


a. long, thin rod.
b. twisted ladder.
c. straight ladder.
d. triple helix.

____

6. During DNA replication, adenine (A) always pairs with


a. guanine (G).
b. cytosine (C).
c. thymine (T).
d. adenine (A).

____

7. What does TT mean to geneticists?


a. two dominant alleles
b. heterozygous alleles
c. at least one dominant allele
d. one dominant and one recessive allele

____

8. Scientists call an organism that has two different alleles a


a. hybrid.
b. dominant.
c. purebred.
d. factor.

____

9. What does the Tt mean to geneticists?


a. two dominant alleles
b. two recessive alleles
c. homozygous alleles
d. one dominant allele and one recessive allele

____ 10. What did Gregor Mendel do to study different characteristics in his genetics experiments?
a. He studied only asexual plants.
b. He studied only tall and short pea plants.
c. He cross-pollinated plants.
d. He cross-pollinated both plants and animals.
____ 11. What is the probability of producing a tall pea plant from a genetic cross between two hybrid tall pea plants?
a. one in four
b. two in four
c. three in four
d. four in four
____ 12. What does a Punnett square show?
a. all the possible outcomes of a genetic cross
b. only the dominant alleles in a genetic cross
c. only the recessive alleles in a genetic cross
d. all of Mendels discoveries about genetic crosses
____ 13. What is probability?
a. the actual results from a series of events
b. a number that describes how likely it is that an event will occur
c. the way the results of one event affect the next event
d. the number of times a coin lands heads up
____ 14. An organisms genotype is its
a. genetic makeup.
b. feather color.
c. physical appearance.
d. stem height.
____ 15. If a homozygous black guinea pig (BB) is crossed with a homozygous white guinea pig (bb), what is the
probability that an offspring will have black fur? Draw the Punnett square
a. 25 percent
b. 50 percent
c. 75 percent
d. 100 percent

____ 16. An organisms physical appearance is its


a. genotype.
b. phenotype.
c. dominance.
d. allele.
____ 17. An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait is
a. a phenotype.
b. tall.
c. homozygous.
d. heterozygous.
____ 18. A heterozygous organism has
a. three different alleles for a trait.
b. two identical alleles for a trait.
c. only one allele for a trait.
d. two different alleles for a trait.
____ 19. What is the chromosome theory of inheritance?
a. Chromosomes are carried from parents to offspring on hybrids.
b. Genes are carried from parents to offspring on chromosomes.
c. Hybrid pairs of chromosomes combine to form offspring.
d. Codominant genes combine to form new hybrids.
____ 20. Chromosomes are made up of
a. one pair of alleles.
b. a phenotype and a genotype.
c. male and female sex cells.
d. many genes joined together.
____ 21. The order of the bases along a gene determines the order in which
a. sugars are put together to form a carbohydrate.
b. phosphates are arranged in DNA.
c. amino acids are put together to form a protein.
d. chromosomes are arranged in the nucleus.
____ 22. Factors that control traits are called
a. genes.
b. purebreds.
c. recessives.
d. parents.
____ 23. The different forms of a gene are called
a. alleles.
b. factors.
c. masks.
d. traits.

____ 24.

Natural Selection explains that

a. Only the better adapted will survive


b. Only the individuals the strongest will survive
c. Only the fastest will survive
d. Only the offspring will survive
____ 25. How do new species form?
a. When a group of individuals remains isolated of the rest of the group evolving different
traits preventing reproduction.
b. By evolving.
c. By genes and natural selection.
d. By environmental changes.

Biodiversity and the wonders of DNA


Answer Section
MULTIPLE CHOICE
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A
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Explain the relationship between evolution and classification.
SC.6.N.3.1 | SC.6.L.15.1 | LA.6.2.2.3 | LA.6.4.2.2
TOP: a_ch01_014
comprehension
D
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Explain the relationship between evolution and classification.
SC.6.N.3.1 | SC.6.L.15.1 | LA.6.2.2.3 | LA.6.4.2.2
TOP: a_ch01_023
comprehension
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain the relationship between evolution and classification.
SC.6.N.3.1 | SC.6.L.15.1 | LA.6.2.2.3 | LA.6.4.2.2
TOP: a_ch01_015
knowledge
B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what forms the genetic code.
STA:
LA.7.2.2.3
PH_EN_SC_MGS_2010_X_55812
BLM: knowledge
B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what forms the genetic code.
STA:
LA.7.2.2.3
PH_EN_SC_MGS_2010_X_56845
BLM: knowledge
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
OBJ: Describe how DNA copies itself.
SC.7.L.16.1 TOP: c_ch02_013 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Identify the role of alleles in controlling the inheritance of traits.
SC.7.N.2.1
TOP: c_ch03_005 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Identify the role of alleles in controlling the inheritance of traits.
SC.7.N.2.1
TOP: c_ch03_004 BLM: knowledge
D
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Identify the role of alleles in controlling the inheritance of traits.
SC.7.N.2.1
TOP: c_ch03_006 BLM: application
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Describe the results of Mendel's experiments.
STA: SC.7.N.2.1 | LA.7.2.2.3
c_ch03_001 BLM: comprehension
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Define probability and describe how it helps explain the results of genetic crosses.
MA.6.A.3.6 TOP: c_ch03_008 BLM: comprehension
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Define probability and describe how it helps explain the results of genetic crosses.
MA.6.A.3.6 TOP: c_ch03_009 BLM: comprehension
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PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Define probability and describe how it helps explain the results of genetic crosses.
MA.6.A.3.6 TOP: c_ch03_007 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what is meant by phenotype and genotype.
STA: SC.7.L.16.2
c_ch03_026 BLM: knowledge

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D
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Explain what is meant by phenotype and genotype.
STA: SC.7.L.16.2
c_ch03_010 BLM: comprehension
B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what is meant by phenotype and genotype.
STA: SC.7.L.16.2
c_ch03_011 BLM: knowledge
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what is meant by phenotype and genotype.
STA: SC.7.L.16.2
c_ch03_028 BLM: knowledge
D
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what is meant by phenotype and genotype.
STA: SC.7.L.16.2
c_ch03_029 BLM: knowledge
B
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Describe the role chromosomes and genes play in inheritance.
SC.7.N.1.5 | SC.7.N.1.6
TOP: c_ch03_013 BLM: knowledge
D
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Describe the role chromosomes and genes play in inheritance.
SC.7.N.1.5 | SC.7.N.1.6
TOP: c_ch03_030 BLM: comprehension
C
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Explain what forms the genetic code.
STA:
LA.7.2.2.3
c_ch03_018 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Identify the role of alleles in controlling the inheritance of traits.
SC.7.N.2.1
TOP: c_ch03_003 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Identify the role of alleles in controlling the inheritance of traits.
SC.7.N.2.1
TOP: c_ch03_024 BLM: knowledge
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L2
Describe the role chromosomes and genes play in inheritance.
SC.7.N.1.5 | SC.7.N.1.6
TOP: c_ch03_014 BLM: comprehension
A
PTS: 1
DIF: L1
Identify the events that occur during meiosis and fertilization.
SC.7.L.16.3 TOP: c_ch03_015 BLM: knowledge