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Automatic Wireless Mobile Charger

Akhilesh Jeriya1, Naveen Tanwar2, Ramesh Kumar3, Dinesh Kumar4


Project Incharge : Abhishek Gupta
1

Swami keshvanand institute of Technology Management & Gramothan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Email: akhilesh.jeriya@gmail.com
2
Swami keshvanand institute of Technology Management & Gramothan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Email: ntanwar47@gmail.com
3
Swami keshvanand institute of Technology Management & Gramothan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Email: rk7apm@gmail.com
4
Swami keshvanand institute of Technology Management & Gramothan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
Email: ydinesh19663@gmail.com

Abstract Battery life of mobile phone is always been a


problem for manufacturers. People are complaining
about their mobiles battery life, that they dont have long
battery life and they have to charge their phone several
times. In this paper a new idea is shown to charge your
mobile phone automatically by the using the
microcontroller circuit with timer. By this concept mobile
will not be over charged and battery life would be long
and efficiency of battery would remain same as previous.
In this concept we used two circuit one transmitter and
other receiver circuit, Transmitter circuit have AC to DC
rectifier circuit and then it is modulated by pulse width
modulator circuit .It is connect to the primary coil to
transmitter by the faradays law of mutual induction
secondary coil will get induced emf then AC to DC bridge
circuit it is used to connect the charger pin to the mobile
port. A microcontroller with timer circuit is used to avoid
the overcharge the battery.
Keywords Step down transformer, Bridge Rectifier,
transmitter circuit, PWMS (pulse width modulator),
Receiver circuit, Microcontroller circuit with timer
coding.

I.

INTRODUCTION

Wireless power has been employed since long time


telecommunication radio waves cellular transmission and
internet wi-fi are only afew example of wireless recently
has been growing interest towards experitmentation of a
deeply challenging idea for wireless application supplying
without cords development application and spread this
new concept could make consumer abnormously easier
since wired charger are often perceived as annoying and
bulky object ,by magnetic induction ,the power
transmitter is represented by grid connecting pad while
power receiver is integrated inside the load devices. Users
should only place a portable devices upon the magnetic
pad. Magnetic devices upon the magnetic pad Magnetic
coupling allows seceral devices to be simultaneously
charged. In order to spread wireless battery charging
compatibility between charger and devices is akey issue. To
deal with recently the Wireless Power consortium has buit
an interational standardalso known as Qi-standard which

aims at promoting the complete interoprability between


power charging stations and rechargeable devices.

II.

LITERATURE AND REVIEW

Figure is shown the schematic block diargam of a


wireless a battery charger. On the left, the power
transmitter which is connected to the electrical grid, on
the right the power reciever which is integrated into the
load devices is shown. In both the power tranmsitter and
the power receiver, the key elelment for signal transferis
represented by a resonsnt tank comrising both coupled
inductors on the transmitter side and there is the primary
coil, on the receiver, side thereis the secondary coil. A
comparative study of different resonant topologies is
proposed in. As suggested in figure1. The signal flow
does not only consist of the power signal from the power
transmitter to the power receiver, but also of
communciation data straming in the opposite direction.
Since the power tranmsmitter needs to be continously
informed about battery power needs and state of charge,
communication informed about battery power link is
required. The communication channel is implemented
through an amlitude modulation of the power transmitter
section, an AC-DC stage converts the AC voltage
provided by the electical grid into a DC bus level. A DC
AC converter, supplied by the DC bus level, generates the
AC poer signal. In the power receiver section, a rectifier
converts the AV power singal out of the resoant tank into
a DC bus rail out of the rectifier has been chosen equal to
a 7V value . Information towards the power transmitter is
generated through a power modulation of the coupling
circuit resonant curve. The load modulation of the
coupling circuit resnant cuve. The load modulation
follows a differential bi-phase encoding scheme , as
described in Qi-standard specification . The amount of
transmitted power is controlled by varing. The Frequency
and duty cycle of the half bridge stage. A frequency
range of 110KHz-205KHz and a duty cycle range of
10% 50% are fixed by the Pc standard .Since for low
power levels the total power dissipation is mainly affected
by switching losses , the half bridge , configuration is
more by switching losses, the half bridge configuration
is more suitable than a full bridge one. Conduction lossses
could be reasonably neglected for the specific
application . The modulation network consists of two

parts:one connected to the AC side of the rectifier ;the


other is connected to the DC side . The load devices is
modeled through a current generator. The system has been
simulated in SPICE environment to evalute system
performances int erms of power convesion effiecieny.
III.

IV.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

V.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

INDENTATIONS AND
EQUATIONS

3.1 Lenzs Law


When an electro motive force is generated by a change in
magnetic flux according to Faradays Law, the polarity of
the induced electro motive force is such that it produces
of polarity of the induced electro motive force is such that
it produces a current whose magnetic field opposes the
change which produces it. Polarity of the induced electro
motive force such that it produces a current whose
magnetic field opposed the change which produces it. The
induced magnetic field inside any loop of wire always
acts to keep the magnetic flux in the loop constant. In the
examples below, if the B flux density field is increasing,
the induced field acts in opposition to it. If it is
decreasing, the induced field acts in the direction of the
applied field to try to keep it constant.

3.2 Faradays Laws


A voltage can be induced in a coil by changing the
magnetic field strength around it. The change in magnetic
field is irrespective and can be produced by any means,
this induces a voltage to be generated. This change
could be brought about by altering the magnetic field
strength by moving a magnet toward or away from the
coil, or on the contrary, moving the coil towards or
away from the magnetic field, or even by rotating the
coil in accordance to the magnet, etc.
3.3 Ampere's Law
The magnetic field in space around an electric current is
proportional to the electric current which serves as
its source, just as the electric field in space is proportional
to the charge which serves as its source. Ampere's Law
states that for any closed loop path, the sum of the
length elements times the magnetic field in the
direction of the length element is equal to the
permeability times the electric current enclosed in the
loop.

_delay_ms(10);
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Charging Per(%)");
while(1)
{
if(chkb(PINA,0x01)==0)
{
send_command(0xc0);
dispslogan("ON
");
PORTC=0x01;
int2char(i);
i++;
_delay_ms(300);
}

VI.

if(chkb(PINA,0x01)!=0)
{
send_command(0xc0);
dispslogan("OFF
");
//i++;
//_delay_ms(3000);
//PORTC=0x01;
int2char(i);
i--;
_delay_ms(3000);
}

PROGRAMMING :

#include<avr/io.h>
#include<util/delay.h>
#include<lcd.h>
#define setb(x,b) x=x|b
#define clrb(x,b) x=x&(~b)
#define chkb(x,b) (x&b)
void int2char(unsigned int t)
{
unsigned int t1,t2,t3,t4,t5,t6;
t1=t/10;
t2=t%10;
t3=t1/10;
t4=t1%10;
t5=t3/10;
t6=t3%10;
send_command(0xcd);
senddata(t2+48);
send_command(0xcc);
senddata(t4+48);
send_command(0xcb);
senddata(t6+48);
}
void main()
{
unsigned int i=0,m=0;
DDRB=0xff;
DDRA=0x00;
DDRC=0xff;
PORTA=0xff;
PORTC=0x00;
lcd_init();
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Wirless Charging");
send_command(0xc0);
dispslogan("System...
");
_delay_ms(2000);
send_command(0x01);

if(i>=100&&i<=101)
{
i=100;
send_command(0x01);
_delay_ms(10);
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Charge Full");
_delay_ms(3000);
i=99;
send_command(0x01);
_delay_ms(10);
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Charging
Per(%)");
PORTC=0x01;
//goto label;
}
if(i<=0||i>=102)
{
i=0;
send_command(0x01);
_delay_ms(10);
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Battery Dis");
_delay_ms(3000);
send_command(0x01);
_delay_ms(10);
send_command(0x80);
dispslogan("Charging
Per(%)");
PORTC=0x00;
//goto label;

}
}
}

CONCLUSION
Application: A Wireless Charging may one day replace
plugs and with transfers energy from the transmitter to the
receiver. Consumers are wild about the convenience of
simply placing a portable device on a charging mat.
Wireless charging works well with mobile phones, digital
cameras, media players , gaming controllers and
Bluetooth headsets. Other potential applications are
power tools, medical devices, e-bikes and electric cars
(EVs).
Advantage: The problem of line charging is get reduced.
No problem occur to the pin connection of the charging
will occur . By one wireless mobile charging more than
one charger can be connected . It is also beneficial for the
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth .
Limitations : Its range is only 5 to 6 cm. It s not
working on wave transmission. It s medium is air so
distortion is more and power losses occur.

REFERENCES
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charging system based on ultra wideband retro
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