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OBJECTIVES

EXPERIMENT 1
1. To observe various flow patterns that can be achieved by the use of
different impellers with and without baffle.

EXPERIMENT 2
1. To show how the power consumed by a mixer varies with speed,
type of impeller and with the inclusion of baffles.

ABSTRACT
For the first experiment, we want to observe the flow patterns that can be
achieved by the use of different impellers with and without the use of baffles.
Secondly, to show how the power consumed by a mixer varies with speed, type of
impeller and with the inclusion of baffles.
So to run this experiment we must follow the right steps. For the first
experiment, Fluid Mixing Apparatus filled with water up to a depth of 0.3m. Fat blade
was used and the speed of the impeller turned up with small increment as 100 rpm
until the pallets are seen to swirl. Observe the movement of the pallets and draw it.
Repeat the experiment with the baffle. After that, change the paddle with propeller
and turbine impeller. Second experiment the tank filled with oil and attached the flat
paddle, 0.9m x0.06m with the base of the bush level with the end of the shaft.
Release the balance adjustment clamp, and allow the dynamometer arm to move
freely. Adjust the length of the cord so that the indicator aligns with the mark on the
datum plate in the neutral position. Increase the speed control knob in gradual
increment and record the torque at each speed of the mixer. Repeat using turbine
impeller. We can see the result get as in the tabulated result section.

PROCEDURE
EXPERIMENT 1:
The flat blade impeller is attached with base of bush level with the end of the shaft. A
small quantity of plastic is added and the torque arm clamp must be fixed. The speed
of the impeller is turned up in small increment; 100 rpm, until the water is swirl. A
vortex will be seen to form on the surface of water. A small quantity of plastic pellet is
added to the water shows the mixing pattern of the liquid. Repeat the procedure with
each impeller and again with the four baffles in position with each impeller. The
movement of pellets is observed for each case.

EXPERIMENT 2:
The tank is filled up to a depth of 0.3m with the light oil and the flat blade is attached.
0.09mx0.06m with the base of the bush level with the end of shaft. The speed of
control knob is increased in gradual increment and the speed on the speed indicator
and the force on the force meter at each speed of the mixer. Repeat this experiment
by using turbine and with or without baffles.

CONCLUSION
For the conclusion, we can conclude that for each impeller that is propeller,
flat blade, and turbine is mixing fluid with the maximum performance with the baffle
inside the tank compared to the tank without the baffle inside. It is because when we
used the baffles, its creating resistance in the tank so it will disturb the flow of the
water. In the first experiment has showed that inclusion of baffles will increase rate of
mixing and kinetic energy of the atoms of the fluid. So mixing will become completely
quick. Different types of impeller have different type of flow pattern and movement of
pallets depends on speed and direction. Flat paddle has the high rate of mixing
because it mixes at all place in fluid compared in turbine and propeller
For the experiment 2, the power consumed by mixer varies with speed, type
of impeller and with the inclusion of baffles has shown. The graph in the tabulated
results was plotted. In the experiment, we get that for the flat blade impeller with
baffle is bigger compared to flat blade impeller without baffle. For the turbine impeller
with baffle we get the power is bigger compared to the turbine impeller without baffle.
We have calculated power consumed with different impellers and flat blade paddle
has highest power consumed because of its surface area that contacted with fluid.
Inclusion of baffles will consume higher power because it increases the kinetic
energy to be overcome and it has destroyed vortex of fluid.