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St.

JOSEPHS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, CHENNAI- 119


St. JOSEPHS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHENNAI- 119
I-YEAR B.E./ B.TECH. ( COMMON TO ALL BRANCHES )
MATHEMATICS I (MA6151)

CYCLE TEST III (QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS)


UNIT -1 MATRICES

1.

1

If 2 is an eigen vector of
1

2 2 3
2
1 6 , find the corresponding eigen value.

1 2 0

2
3
2

Ans: (A - I)X = 0 2
1 6
1
2

2
3
x1 0 2

1 6
x 2 0 2
x 0 1
2
3

1 0

2 0
1 0

(2)(1)+2(2)+(-3)(-1) = 0 = 5.
2.

Determine so that (x2 + y2 +z2) + 2xy 2xz + 2zy is positive definite.


1 1

Ans: The matrix of the given quadratic form is A 1 1


1 1

D1 = ,

D2 =

1
2 1 ( 1)( 1) & D3 = |A| = (+1)2( -2)
1

The Quadratic form is positive definite if D1, D2 & D3> 0 > 2


3.

State Cayley Hamilton theorem.


Ans: Every square matrix satisfies its own characteristics equation.

4.

Find the sum and product of the eigen values of the matrix 1

2
0
3

2 1 3
1

Ans: Sum of the eigen values = Sum of the main diagonal elements = 1+0+3 = 4
Product of the eigen values = |A|= 13

5.

7 4 - 4
One of the eigen values of 4 8 1 is -9, Find the other two eigen values.

4 1 8
Ans: If 1 , 2be the other two eigen values, then

1 + 2 9 = 7 8 8 = 9 (since sum of the eigen values = sum of the leading diagonal elements)
1 + 2 = 0 =>1 = 2 (1)
912 = |A| = 441 ( since product of the eigen values = | A | )
12 = 49 => 1 49 (2)
2
substitute in (1) we get, 2 7
(1) => 1 7 . Hence the other two eigen values are 7 and -7.
UNIT -2 SEQUENCES & SERIES

6.

Test the convergence of

n log n
1

Ans: The series

n log n

is a positive term series decreases as n increases after n 2.

So we can apply integral test.

1
(1 / x)
dx
dx log (log x) 2
x log x
2 log x

By integral test, the series diverges.


7.

Define Monotonically increasing and Monotonically decreasing sequence with examples


Ans: A sequence { an } is said to be monotonically increasing if an an+1 , for every n
A sequence { an } is said to be monotonically decreasing if an+1 an , for every n
Eg. an = { n } is monotonically increasing
an = { n } is monotonically decreasing

8.

Define Absolute convergence.


Ans: If the series of arbitrary terms u1 u2 u3 .. un . be such that the series

u1 u2 u3 . un is convergent, then the series


convergent

9.

Test the convergence of

Ans: Let

n! 2n
nn

is said to be absolute

un

n! 2n

, u n 1

nn

(n 1)! 2(n 1)
(n 1)(n 1)

(n 1)! 2(n 1) n n
u n 1

lim
lim
n
n u n
n (n 1)(n 1)
n! 2

n n
lim 2

n n 1
n



1 2
lim 2
1
n 1 1 e

n

By Ratio Test,

10.

n! 2n
nn

converges.

Define Conditional convergence with example


Ans: If

ex: 1

1 1 1
...
2 3 4

is convergent and

| u

| is divergent, then

is said to be conditionally convergent.

UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS

11.

Find the centre of curvature of the curve y = x2 at the point (1,1)


Ans:

y
2
x x 1 1 y1 4;
y2

1 y 3
y y
2

y2

Centre of curvature is 4,
2

12.

Find the envelope of the family of lines

x
y
cos sin 1 , where being the parameter.
a
b

Ans: (x/a) cos + (y/b) sin =1 --------(1)


Diff. w.r.to partially, we get
(x/a) sin + (y/b) cos =0 --------(2)
2

(1) + (2)
13.

x2

(cos + sin ) +

y2

(sin2 + cos2) =1

x2

y2

b2
a2 b2
Find the curvature of the curve 2 x 2 2 y 2 5 x 2 y 1 0
a2

=1

Ans: Radius of the circle


Curvature
14.

f 2 g2 c

25 1 1
21

radius of curvature
16 4 2
4

21

Find the evolute of the curve whose centre of curvature of the curve is

x 2a 3at 2 , y 2at 3
3


2
Ans: x 2a t 6 y 27 a y 4 x 2a
3
a
2
a

Equation of the evolute is 27ay 2 4 x 2a 3


15.

For the catenary y = c cosh (x/c), find the curvature.


Ans:

x
y1 sinh ,
c

2 x
1 sinh c

1
x
cosh
c
c

1
x
y2 cosh
c
c

3/ 2

y2
c

c
y2

UNIT IV DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES

16.

If x y z u, y z uv , z uvw find
Ans:

y uv z uv 1 w ; x u uv u 1 v ; z uvw

x
u
( x, y , z ) y
J=

(u , v , w) u
z
u
17.

18.

x
v
y
v
z
v

x
w
1 v
u
0
y
v (1 w) u (1 w) uv = u2v
w
vw
uw
uv
z
w

If x r cos , y r sin find

Ans:

( x, y, z )
u, v , w

( x, y ) cos

(r , ) sin

(r , )
1
1

(
x
,
y
)
( x, y )
r
(r , )

If x y y x c , find

dy
dx

( r , )
( x, y)

r sin
r
r cos

y
x
Ans: Let f x, y x y c

dy
f / x
yx y 1 y x log y

y
dx
f / y
x log x xy x 1
19.

Find Taylors series expansion of exsin y near the point 1,


f (x , y) = ex sin y , f x(x , y) = ex sin y,

Ans:

f(1, ) = 1 ,
4

fx(1, ) = 1 ,
4

e 2

up to first degree terms.


4

fy(x ,y) = ex cosy

fy(1, )= 1

e 2

e 2

f(x ,y) = f(a ,b) + [(xa) f x(a ,b) + (yb) f y(a ,b)] = 1 1 ( x 1) y
4
e 2

20.

Find the maxima and minima of f(x, y) = 3x2 + y2 + 12x +36


fx= 6x +12 = 0 x = 2; fy= 2y = 0 y = 0 .

Ans:

The stationary point is (2,0).


AC B2 = 12 > 0 and A > 0 .

A = f xx = 6 ,B = f xy = 0 , C = f yy = 2,

f is minimum at (2,0) and the minimum value is f (2,0) = 24.

UNIT V MULTIPLE INTEGRALS


x2

21.

Evaluate

x2

x2

15
4
1
0
1
1
Find the area bounded by the lines x = 0, y = 1, y = x using double integration.
Ans:

22.

x dy dx .

x dy dx x y 0 dx =
1 y

Ans:

I =

dx dy
.
xy
a
b
1
dy = [logb log2] dy =
log x
y
y
2
2

b
= log
2

24.

y2
1
Area = dx dy dy dx x dy
2 0 2
R
0 0
0

Evaluate
Ans:

x3 dx

y
0

23.

logy 2 = log 2 [log a log 2]

Shade the region of integration in

a2 x2

ax x 2

b dy
log
22 y

b
= log log a
2

dx dy.

ax x 2 x2 + y2 ax 0 which is a circle

Ans: y =

with centre at ( a 2 , 0) and radius a 2


a 2 x 2 x2 + y2 = a2 which is a circle

y=

with centre at (0,0) and radius a


1

25.

Change the order of integration

2 x

f (x , y) dy dx .

Ans:
1

Given, I =

2 x

f ( x , y) dy dx

x2

After changing order of integration


y

2 2 y

f(x,y) dx dy

0 0

26.

Evaluate

(x

f(x,y) dx dy

y )dy dx over the region R for which x, y 0, x+y 1.

Ans: The region of integration is the triangle bounded by the


lines x 0, y 0 and x y 1
Limits of y : 0 to 1x ; Limits of x : 0 to 1

(x

y )dy dx =

2
y3
=
x
y

y
dydx

0
3

0
0
2

1 x

1 1 x

dx

2
(1 x)3
x
(1

x
)

dx
0
3
1

x 3 x 4 (1 x) 4
1 1 1 1
=

4
12 0 3 4 12 6
3

27.

Change the order of integration in


x a

y a2 x2

x a

y 0

Ans: I =

y a

x a 2 y2

(x 2 y 2 ) dx dy

a2 x2

(x2 y 2 )dx dy.

( x 2 y 2 ) dy d x ( Correct Form )

(after changing the order)

y 0 x a 2 y2

28.

Change the order of integration in

2 y

xy dx dy .

Ans: Given, I =

2 y

xy dx dy

After changing order of integration

1 x

2 2 x

I xy dy dx
0 0
29.

xy dy dx

Compute the area enclosed by y2 = 4x, x + y = 3 and y = 0.


Ans: Area A =

3 y

dx dy =

dx dy =
y 0 x y2 4

3 y
y2 / 4

dy

y 0

y2
y2 y3
3 y
dy 3 y

4
2 12

y 0

0
2

8
2 10
=4 =
3
12
3

=62
a

30.

Evaluate

sin

rdr d.

sin
a r 2

a sin

Ans:

rdr d =

0
0 2

31.

Evaluate

a sin2

d = 1 a sin2a
2
4
0 2

r sin 2 dr d.

5
Ans: I = sin 2 r dr
0
0

2
d = sin

r 2
d
2
0

25
2
sin d
2 0

25
sin 2
25
sin 2
25
25
=
=
0 =
1 cos 2 d =

4
2
2 0 4
4 0
4

32.

Evaluate

Ans: I =

r dr d
(r 2 a 2 )2

d r2
2 1 1
2 1

=
=
d


2
2 a 2 )2
2
2 a 2 )2
2
2
(
r
(
r
r

a
0
0

0
0
0

r dr d

1 2
1
1 1
2
=
0 2 d = 2 0 =
2a
2 0
a
4a 2
/2

33.

Evaluate

sin

r dr d .

Ans:
/2

/2

sin

r dr d

cos

34.

Evaluate

sin

/2
/2
11
r2
sin 2

1
d

0
d

sin 2 d .
2
2

2 2 2 8
2 0
0

r drd .

Ans:

I=

cos

r2

2
0

d =

2
1
1
2
2
1
cos d = 2 2 cos d =
2
2 2
4
0
0

35.

Transform the integration

dx dy into polar coordinates.

Ans: Let x = r cos and y = r sin , dxdy = r drd

dx dy
0 0
36.

r dr d

r 0

4
Compute the entire area bounded by r2 = a2 cos2.
Ans:
/ 4 a cos 2
Area A = r dr d 4
r d r d
R
0
r 0
/4

a cos 2

r2

0 2 0

d = 4

4
4 a 2 cos 2
2 sin 2
d 2 a
a2

2
2 0

37.

Transform the integration from Cartesian to polar co-ordinates

2a

x0

2ax x2
( x2 y2 )dxdy .

y 0

Ans: Let x = r cos and y = r sin,dxdy = r drd

38.

2a

2ax x 2

x 0

y 0

( x2 y 2 ) dx dy =

/2

2 a cos

r 3 dr d

Express the region bounded by x 0, y 0, z 0, x 2 y 2 z 2 1 as a triple integral.


Ans: Here z varies from 0 to 1 x 2 y 2 , y varies from 0 to 1 x 2 ,

1 1 x2
I

0 0

x varies from 0 to 1

1 x2 y2
dz dy dx

1 1 1

39.

ex y zdxdydz.

Evaluate

0 0 0

1 1 1
11
x y z dxdydz
Ans: I = e
= e1 y z e y z
0 0 0
00

z 2

dydz

2e z 1 e z dz e 3 3e 2 3e 1 e 13

4 x

40.

Evaluate

x y


0 0

4 x
Ans: I =
0 0

z dx dy dz.

x y

4xz2

z dz dy dx =
0 0 2 0

0
x

4
2
1
y
= xy
dx
20
2 0

x y

dydx =

1 4x
x y dydx
2 00

4
2
4
34 2
3 x 3
1 2 x
16
= x dx = x dx
40
4 3
20
2
0