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CV & Lung Physiology I – Quiz

Regarding the exchange of water in the capillary barrier, it is true that:

A. The capillary colloid osmotic pressure promotes absorption.

B. The capillary hydrostatic pressure enhances the absorption.

C. The interstitial colloid osmotic pressure promotes absorption.

D. All of the above are correct.

Activation of the sympathetic nervous system in the heart produces:

A. An increase in cardiac output.

B. A decrease in heart rate.

C. A decrease in stroke volume.

D. A decrease in cardiac contractility.

According to the relationship between flow, pressure and resistance, we can say that :

A.If the viscosity increases, the flow will increase.

B. If the pressure decreases, the flow will increase.

C. An increase in the caliber of the vessel will decrease the flow.

D. A decrease in the resistance will increase the flow.

Which of the following stimuli may induce vasodilation and increased tissue perfusion in the systemic circulation?

A. Decreased pO 2 and pCO 2 .

B. Decreased pO 2 and increased pCO 2 .

C. Increased pO 2 and decreased pCO 2 .

D. Increased pO 2 and pCO 2 .

The excitation of the carotid and aortic baroreceptors as a result of a sudden increase in blood pressure, triggers a reflex that restores normal blood pressure. Indicate which of the following responses occurs in the development of this reflex:

A. Decrease of heart rate.

B. Decrease of the strength of cardiac contraction.

C. Vasodilation by decreased sympathetic stimulation.

D. The remaining options are correct.

Which of the following drugs could reduce blood pressure?

A. An ACE inhibitor.

B. An aldosterone activator.

C. An antidiuretic drug.

D. An sympathetic agonist.

It is true that:

A. The surfactant protein increases the surface tension of the alveoli.

B. The majority of the oxygen is transported dissolved in the

blood plasma.

C. Alveoli have a thin layer of smooth muscle.

D. Most of the carbon dioxide is transported in blood as bicarbonate.

In comparison with atmospheric air, alveolar air contains:

A. Increased proportion of O 2 .

B. Increased proportion of CO 2 .

C. Lower proportion of H 2 O.

D. Increased proportion of N 2 .

Which of the following situations may increase the amount of O 2 unloaded by hemoglobin in peripheral tissues?

A. A decreased production of cellular CO 2 .

B. A decrease of temperature.

C. A decrease in pH.

D. An Increased pO 2 in the tissues.

Which of the following situations stimulates pulmonary ventilation?

A. An increase in blood pH.

B. An increase in the partial pressure of blood O 2 .

C. A reduction in the partial pressure of blood CO 2 .

D. An increase in the partial pressure of blood CO 2 .