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NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

1 Which of the following is the best


description for electric current?
A The region around an electric
charge.
B Rate of flow of charge in an
electric circuit.
C Work done in moving a unit of
charge from one point to another.
D An atom is being ionized to
become an negative charged
atom.
2 Which of the following diagrams
does not show the pattern of an
electric field correctly?
A
C

3 A current of 2 A flows through a


conductor in a circuit for 30 s. How
many electrons flow through the
conductor in 30 s?
[Charge of an electron = 1.6 1019
C]
A 1.88 1020
C 4.8 1020
20
B 3.75 10
D 9.6 1020
4 400 C of charge is flowing through a
resistor in 3 minutes. What is the
current flowing through the resistor
during 3 minutes?
A 2.22 A
C 133 A
B 6.67 A
D 1 200 A
5 Diagram 1 shows a ping-pong ball
coated with conduction material
touching a positive plate.

What can be observed on the pingpong ball after touching the positive
plate?
A Ping-pong ball stuck on positive
plate.
B Ping-pong ball stuck on negative
plate.
C Ping-pong ball oscillated between
two plate.
D Ping-pong
ball
remained
stationary between two plate.
6 Which of the following graphs is
true for an ohmic conductor that
obey Ohms law?
A
C

7 A potential difference of 12 V across


a bulb drives a current of 3A through
the bulb. If the potential difference is
changed to 18 V, calculate the new
current flowing through the bulb.
A 2.5 A
C 4.5 A
B 4.0 A
D 6.0 A
8 The work done to move 5 C of
charge from point x to point y in an
electric field is 120 J. What is the
potential difference between the two
points?
A 0.04 V
C 115 V
B 24 V
D 600 V
9 A student carried out an experiment
to investigate the relationship
between the resistance, R and the
temperature, of a material. Diagram
2 shows the graph obtained from the
experiment.

A
B
C
D

Alloy
Pure metal
Semiconductor
Superconductor

10 Four copper wires, A, B, C, and D


as listed below are tested in an
experiment. Which of the copper
wires would produce highest
resistance?
Length/ cm

Cross-sectional
area/ mm2

15

0.1

30

0.3

45

0.4

60

0.5

11 Diagram 3 shows an electric circuit.

Diagram 3 Rajah 3

Given that the readings of ammeter


A1 and A2 are 4 A and 1 A
respectively. What is the reading of
ammeter A3?
A 1.0 A
C 3.0 A
B 1.3 A
D 5.0 A
12 Diagram 4 shows three resistors
which are connected in series.

Diagram 4 Rajah 4

Which of the following is correct?


A V3 > V2 > V1 C V1 = V3 > V2
B V1 = V2 = V3 D V1 = V3 < V2
13 Diagram 5 shows a circuit consists
of four identical resistors of 2 are
connected to a 12 V battery.

Diagram 2 Rajah 2
Diagram 1 Rajah 1

Which of the following materials is


most probably tested in the
experiment?
1

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

Diagram 5 Rajah 5

What is the value of the current, I


flowing in the circuit?
A 1.50 A
C 3.43 A
B 2.67 A
D 4.50 A
14 Diagram 6 shows an electric circuit
consisting of a 8 V battery of
negligible internal resistance and
three resistors of 2 , 4 and 6 .

16 Which of the following circuits can


used to determine the electromotive
force of a battery?
A

Diagram 8 Rajah 8

If the ammeter reading is 1.2 A when


the switch is closed, what is the
internal resistance of the battery?
A 0.67
C 4.33
B 0.80
D 5.00

19 An immersion heater has a power


rating of 240 V, 1500 W. What is the
resistance of the immersion heater?
A 0.03
C 6.25
B 0.16
D 38.4

Diagram 6 Rajah 6

What is the readings for voltmeter


and ammeter?
Voltmeter reading/ V

Ammeter
reading/ A

2.68

0.67

11.90

0.67

4.00

2.00

A
B
C
D

8.00

2.00

15 A set of bulb, battery and three


resistors are set up differently.
Which of the following circuits will
have the brightest bulb?
A

20 Diagram 9 shows three identical


cells are connected in parallel in a
circuit.

17 Diagram 7(a) shows the voltmeter


reading of 4 V in the circuit when
the switch is opened. Diagram 7(b)
shows the voltmeter reading of 3.5 V
in the circuit when the switch is
closed.

(a)

C The internal resistance of the cell


is 0.5 .
D 0.5 V is required to drive the
current through the internal
resistance of cell.
18 Diagram 8 shows an electric circuit.
When switch is opened, voltmeter
reading is 6 V. When switch is
closed, voltmeter reading drops to
5.2 V.

(b)
Diagram 7 Rajah 7

Which of the following statements is


not true?
A The electromotive force of the
cell is 4 V.
B The terminal potential difference
for the circuit is 3.5 V.
2

Diagram 9 Rajah 9

Given that each cell has an e.m.f. of


3 V with an internal resistance of
0.5 , what are the total e.m.f. and
total internal resistance for the
circuit?
Total e.m.f.

Total internal
resistance

3V

0.16

3V

0.50

9V

0.16

9V

1.5

21 Diagram 10 shows a graph of


variation potential difference, V
against current, I of a battery.

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

What is the power dissipated by the


5 resistor?
A 1.2 W
C 7.2 W
B 6.0 W
D 8.6 W

Diagram 10 Rajah 10

Which of the following statements is


true regarding this graph?
A Electromotive force of battery is
3.0 V.
B External resistance of battery is
1.0 .
C Internal resistance of battery is
2.5 .
D Potential difference of battery is
constant.
22 Diagram 11 shows an electric
circuit. The readings for ammeter
and voltmeter are 0.50 A and 3.2 V
respectively.

Diagram 11 Rajah 11

Calculate the electrical energy


consumed by the bulb in 10 minutes.
A 16 J
C 960 J
B 32 J
D 1 920 J
23 Diagram 12 shows three resistors
which are connected to a dry cell.

25 If the electrical energy consumption


tariff is 21 sen per unit, calculate the
cost of using a 360 W computer 8
hours per day for 30 days.
A RM18.14
C RM75.60
B RM37.80
D RM86.40

Diagram 12 Rajah 12

SECTION A

PAPER 2 KERTAS 2

24 A fork-lift equipped with an electric


motor rated 500V, 4500W is
connected to an electric supply of
500 V. The fork-lift is used to lift a
load of 2 000 kg to a height of 3 m
in 15 seconds. What is the efficiency
of the electric motor?
A 88.9 %
C 95.5 %
B 90.7 %
D 100 %

BAHAGIAN A

2 Diagram 2 shows a battery of e.m.f. 6 V and negligible


internal resistance. An ammeter is connected in series and a
voltmeter is connected in parallel with the battery. P and Q
are two point used for connection.

(i) What would occur to the ammeter reading when


the temperature of the copper wire increases?

______________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(ii) Suggest a reason for your answer in 2(b)(i).

______________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(c) The copper wire is now removed and the ends P and Q
are connected to an electric lamp 6 V, 25 W. Calculate
(i) ammeters reading,

Diagram 2 Rajah 2

(a) A resistance wire of uniform thickness is connected


between P and Q.
(i) If the ammeter reading is A and voltmeter reading
is V, write down a statement for calculating
resistance of the wire.

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii) resistance of the filament.

________________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]

[2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) Draw a graph to show how resistance of the wire,


R changes with its length , l.

3 Diagram 3 shows an electric circuit which consists of a


battery of negligible resistance and an ammeter also with
negligible resistance.

[2 marks / 2 markah]
Diagram 3 Rajah 3

(b) The resistance wire is replaced with a coil of copper


wire at the ends P and Q.

(a) When switch S is opened, the ammeter reading is 0.2 A


and the voltmeter reading is 3.0 V.
3

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

Calculate
(i) resistance of the light bulb.

(e) Calculate the efficiency of the electric heater when it is


used to heat the water.

[2 marks / 2 markah]

[2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) power dissipated by the light bulb.


5 (a) (i) An electrical circuit consists of a battery, a
resistor,
an ammeter, a voltmeter and connecting wires
can be used to determine the resistance of a
Resistor. Draw a labelled diagram to show the
arrangement of the apparatus.

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(iii) resistance of R2.

[3 marks / 3 markah]
(b) The resistance of R1 is 20 . If the switch S is now
switched on, determine:
(i) ammeter reading

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii) What is meant by resistance of an electric
conductor?

______________________________________

[3 marks / 3 markah]

[1 mark / 1 markah]
(iii) State two factors which affect the resistance of an
electric conductor.
1. ______________________________________
2. ______________________________________
[2 marks / 2 markah]
(b) Diagram 4 shows an electric circuit which consists of a
battery of e.m.f. 6 V connected to a switch and three
resistors X, Y and Z with resistance 20 each.

(ii) voltmeter reading

[2 marks / 2 markah]
4 An electric heater which is labelled 240 V, 1 000 W is
used to heat 2 kg of water in a beaker at temperature 28 C
until it boils at 100 C. The time taken to reach its boiling
point
is
12 minutes.
(a) What is meant by the label 240 V, 1 000 W?
______________________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(b) The heater is then connected to the supply 240 V.
Calculate the electrical energy used in 12 minutes in
unit
(i) joule.

Diagram 4 Rajah 4

Given that the resistance of the battery is negligible.


When the switch is on, calculate:
(i) total resistance in the circuit.

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii) kilowatt-hour.
[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii)the electric current that flows through the circuit.

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(c) Given the specific heat capacity of water is
4 200 J kg1 C1, calculate the heat absorbed by water in
12 minutes.

[2 marks / 2 markah]

2 markah]

(iii) the quantity of heat energy produced by resistor Y


in 5 minutes.

[2 marks /
(d) Give one reason why the heat supply by the heater
differs from the heat energy absorbed by the water.
______________________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
4

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

[3 marks / 3 markah]
[3 marks / 3 markah]

6 Diagram 5 shows the presence of internal resistance in a


cell that causes part of the electromotive force, e.m.f. to be
lost when connected to a resistor.

(c)

(i) What is meant by electrical potential difference?

_____________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(ii) Volt is the S.I. unit for electrical potential
difference. State another equivalent unit for volt.

_____________________________________
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(d) The potential difference between two charged clouds is
2 kV. When lightning occurs, electric current of 25 A
flows for 0.5 s between the two clouds.
Calculate
(i) quantity of charge transferred.

Diagram 5 Rajah 5

(a) Explain why there is an internal resistance in a cell.


______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
[3 marks / 3 markah]

[2 marks / 2 markah]
(ii) energy released during lightning.

(b) The charge of an electron is 1.6 1019 C. Calculate the


number of electrons that flow across a section of a
conductor when electric current of 2 A flows through it
for 2 minutes.

[2 marks / 2 markah]

SECTION B

BAHAGIAN B

7 (a) Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show two circuits, each
circuit consists of three identical bulbs connected to
three new dry cells.

[5 marks / 5 markah]
Diagram 6.1 Rajah 6.1

(ii) State one precautions that should be taken to


obtain accurate result.
[1 mark / 1 markah]

Diagram 6.2 Rajah 6.2

(i) What is meant by resistance of electrical


conductor?
[1 mark / 1 markah]

(iii) State the relationship between resistance and


types of material when temperature increases.
[4 marks / 4 markah]

(ii) Given that resistance of each bulb is R ohms,


state the effective resistance in Diagram 6.1 and
Diagram 6.2.
[3 marks / 3 markah]

8 Diagram 7.1 and Diagram 7.2 show the circuit structure of


an electric hair dryer.

(iii) Based on your observation in Diagram 6.1 and


Diagram 6.2, compare the brightness of the
bulbs. Relate the brightness of each bulb in
Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2, use your
knowledge of potential difference and the
current flow through each bulb to deduce a
physics concept.
[6 marks / 6 markah]

Diagram 7.1 Rajah 7.1

(b) (i) A student is supplied with a battery, ammeter,


voltmeter, rheostat, switch and connecting wires,
explain the method used to determine the
resistance of a conductor, with the aid of a
labelled diagram.
5

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

Diagram 7.2 Rajah 7.2

(a)

(i) Explain what is meant by 12 V on the car battery


[2 marks / 2 markah]

(i) Compare Diagram 7.1 and Diagram 7.2 on the


effect of the hair dryer when switch A and switch
B are switched on.
[6 marks / 6 markah]

(ii) The battery charger of 125 V d.c., 1 000 W is


used to charge a car battery of 12 V with
negligible internal resistance. A resistor, R, is
connected in series with the car battery so that
the current that flows through R is 8 A. Calculate
the resistance of R.
[2 marks / 2 markah]

(ii) Suggest modifications that are required on the


circuit of the hair dryer so that it is safe and
convenient to be used.
[4 marks / 4 markah]

(iii) State the method used to charge two car battery


in series at the same time.
[1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) Diagram 7.3 shows a battery charger being used to


charge a car battery.

(iv) Determine the resistance, R1 so that the current


flowed is maintained at 8 A in (b)(iii).
[2 marks / 2 markah]
(v) Explain another method used to charge the two
car batteries in parallel at the same time.
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(vi) Determine the resistance, R2 so that the current
flowed is maintained at 8 A in (b)(v).
[2 marks / 2 markah]

Diagram 7.3 Rajah 7.3

PAPER 3 KERTAS 3

SECTION A

BAHAGIAN A

SECTION B

1 A student carries out an experiment to investigate the


relationship between the potential difference and the
current. The results of this experiment are shown in the
graph V against I in Diagram 1.

BAHAGIAN B

(b) The internal resistance, r of the dry cell is given by


r = m, where m is the gradient of the graph. Calculate
the value of r.
[3 marks / 3 markah]
(c)

(i) From the graph, state the value of V when I = 1.0


A.
Show on the graph how you determine the value
of V.
[2 marks / 2 markah]
V
(ii) The resistance, R is given by R = . I
Calculate R when I = 1.0 A
[2 marks / 2 markah]

(d) State one precaution that should be taken to improve the


accuracy of your results.
[1 mark / 1 markah]
2 (a) Diagram 2.1 shows a light bulb lights up when it is
connected to a dry cell and a rheostat. Diagram 2.2
shows the light bulb changes its brightness when the
rheostat is adjusted.
Diagram 1 Rajah 1

(a) Based on the graph in Diagram 1,


(i) what is the relationship between V and I?
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(ii) determine the value of the potential difference, V
when the current, I = 0.0 A. Show on the graph
how you determine V.
[2 marks / 2 markah]

Diagram 2.1 Rajah 2.1

(iii) name the physical quantity that represents the


value in (a)(ii).
[1 mark / 1 markah]
6

NAMA: _______________________________________________

TINGKATAN: ______________

TOPICAL 7: ELECTRICITY
PAPER 1 KERTAS 1

(c) With the use of apparatus such as beaker containing


water, an immersion heater, thermometer and other
apparatus, describe an experiment to investigate the
hypothesis stated in (b).
In your description, state clearly the following:
(i) The aim of the experiment.
(ii) The variables in the experiment.
(iii) The list of apparatus and materials.
(iv) The arrangement of the apparatus.
(v) The procedure of the experiment which should
include the method of controlling the manipulated
variable and the method of measuring the
responding variable.
(vi) The way you tabulate the data.
(vii) The way you analysis the data.

Diagram 2.2 Rajah 2.2

Based on the observation on Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2


and applying your knowledge of the heating effect of
current:
(a) State one suitable inference.
[1 mark / 1 markah]
(b) State one hypothesis that could be investigated.
[1 mark / 1 markah]

[10 marks / 10 markah]