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Module 6

Volume Calculations

Petrel Workflow Tools


Surfaces and
Data edit

Stratigraphic
Modeling

3D Grid Construction: Structural Modeling

Interface
Studio

Pillar Gridding

Fault Modeling
3D Grid
Construction
Structural
Framework

3D Grid
Construction
Structural Gridding

Property Modeling

Well Log
Upscale

Facies &
Petrophysical
Modeling

Make Horizons
Zones & Layering
Make contacts &
Volume Calculation
Workflow Editor

Intro to Petrel

Introduction

Make Contacts/Volumetrics
Objectives
Define fluid contacts
Visualize fluid contacts
Create a fluid contact property
Principles of Volume Calculation

Create a new case


Create and use outputs.

Make Contacts Overview


The Make contacts process facilitates the use of contacts inside a
3D grid. These contacts can be visualized and used for making a
contact property.

Make Contacts

Volumetrics

Make Contacts Process


Make Contacts Tab
Make contacts is the last process under Corner Point Gridding.
1. Append the number of contacts.
2. Define the contact type.
3. Type in a unique contact name.
4. Define the contact level options:
By zones
By segments
By regions property Fixed for all zones and segments.

5. By all zones or segments: Define a contact with a


constant or a surface.

6. Use region property: Regions can be defined using any


discrete property.

Make Contacts Process


Make Regions Property Tab
On the Make regions property
tab, regions can be created
using any discrete property.

They also can be modified


using these options:
Merge regions
Add regions from property
Add region from polygon.

Make Contacts Process


Make Regions Property Tab

Visualize Contacts
1. After running the Make contacts process, the new contact set is stored in a
Fluid Contacts folder in the 3D grid.
2. Click the Style tab under Settings for the Fluid Contacts folder
to control visualization settings.

Note: It is possible to convert contacts to surfaces and point sets stored in the Input pane.

Make a Contact Property


1. Contacts are stored in a Contact Set folder in the
3D grid.
2. Click the Operations tab under Settings for the
Contact Set folder to make a property.

3. Select the appropriate fluid codes above/below


contacts and click the Make Property button. The
contact property is stored in the 3D grid >
Properties folder.
4. Use value filter for the property.

Make Contacts/Volumetrics:
Volume Calculation Objectives
Principles of Volume Calculation
Triangulation and Exact Volume calculation
Cases pane and Results pane,
Create a new case using these inputs:
Contacts and General properties
Oil and Gas properties
Filters and well boundaries,
Create and use outputs
Volume properties
Reports
Volume maps.

Volume Calculations
The Volume calculation process accurately calculates the various volumes
(bulk, pore, and fluid) in a 3D grid.
Data you can use:
Boundary, license block
Zones, Segments
Properties (Net/Gross, porosity, Sw)
Constants (Bo, Bg, Rs, Rv)
Contacts (GOC, OWC, GWC)
Recovery factors (REC).
Exact volume calculation
Each side of the cell is triangulated. Cells are split exactly where they are cut.

Generating Cases and Results


Cases Pane
Running a volume calculation creates a case, which will
have a volume case icon in the Cases pane. This must
be toggled for viewing results stored in the Results
pane.

Results Pane
Acts as a filter for outputs of the Volume Calculation.
Standard parameters are calculated for all volume
calculations if the appropriate input is supplied.
Note: Simulation cases also are stored in the Cases and Results panes.

Calculate Volumes in a 3D Grid (1)


First, define one consistent representation of reality - a case.
The Properties tab holds all the input data for the volume calculation.
1. Double-click on the Volume calculation process.
2. Create a new case or update an existing one.
3. Choose a 3D grid (from the drop-down list) on which you will run
the Volume calculation.
4. Define the Hydrocarbon intervals to use. Choose contacts from
the Fluid Contacts folder and drop them using the Blue arrow.
5. Browse through the Property tabs and choose either a property
model or a constant for each input.
6. Specify the outputs to generate in the Settings tab.
7. Click Apply to store, then click Run.

Specify the Properties for the Case


Choose a constant value or a property from a drop-down list of the
appropriate properties (template dependent) in the chosen 3D grid.
5.1 Define Oil and Gas properties. Use either an
existing property (drop-down list) from the grid or
select the Constant property box and enter a value.

5.2 On the General Properties tab, activate N/G and


Porosity properties or use constants.

5.2

5.1

Specify the Results of a Volumetric Case


The Settings tab controls the outputs that will be created and allows you
to create extra filters for separating results.
6.1 Choose to create a 3D property.
6.2 Create a volume height map of any of the parameters.

6.3 Output the results to a spreadsheet.

Note: When Volume calculation is run, the


properties are stored in the Properties folder
of the selected grid and the maps are stored in
a Volume Maps folder in the Input pane.

Filters in the Volume Calculation Results


. Specify a discrete Facies property. This allows you to
categorize the volume results into various rock types
modeled in the 3D grid
2. Use the property filter in the volume calculation or filter
the volume calculations based on polygons:
a. Boundary polygons (drop from the Input pane
using the blue arrow)
b. Well boundaries (specify the influence radius)

Generate a Report
1. Filter settings are stored in the Results
pane. Right-click on the Volumetric folder
> Settings.

2. Choose the Properties to display in the


report.
3. Choose single/multiple cases.
4. Specify the Detail level on the Format tab.
5. Click Make Report.
6. View the report and copy
to a text editor.

or save

it

Change Units in the Report


1. Go to the Volume templates folder
in the Templates pane.
2. Open the Settings of any of the
templates (here: STOIIP).

3. Click the Info tab.


4. Check Customize next to the units.
Choose the units and set the
number of decimals to use.
5. Click Apply. Generate a report
again: Click the Results tab and
open the Settings for Volumetrics.

Visualize the Output: Volume Maps


Volume Maps are stored in the Input pane.
1. Maps can be displayed in a Map window (e.g., STOIIP).

2. Volume maps also can be shown in a 3D window


draped over a topographic surface.
a. Output a depth Surface from Horizon.
b. Right-click and select Copy the STOIIP map as a
surface attribute.
c. Right-click and paste it onto the depth surface.
d. Expand the surface and choose the attribute to
visualize.

EXERCISE