Sei sulla pagina 1di 13

Module 4

3D Grid Construction

Petrel Workflow Tools


Surfaces and
Data edit

Stratigraphic
Modeling

3D Grid Construction: Structural Modeling

Interface
Studio

Pillar Gridding

Fault Modeling
3D Grid
Construction
Structural
Framework

3D Grid
Construction
Structural Gridding

Property Modeling

Well Log
Upscale

Facies &
Petrophysical
Modeling

Make Horizons
Zones & Layering
Make contacts &
Volume Calculation
Workflow Editor

Intro to Petrel

Introduction

Pillar Gridding
Objectives

Understand Basic Terminology/ Concepts

Define the process of Pillar gridding

Boundaries
Segments
Directions
Trends.

Define boundaries
Settings tab
Set directions and trends
Define segments
Refining grid.

Discuss Editing Options: Edit the fault model


QC of Skeletons: Intersections and segments

Processes used for 3D Grid Construction


3D Grid Construction
Corner Point Gridding

Structural Framework

Structural Gridding

Fault Framework
Modeling

Fault Modeling

Structural Gridding
Make Horizons/Zones/Layers

Fault Framework Modeling

Horizon Modeling
Make Simple Grid

Pillar Gridding Process


Based on the previously generated key
pillars, normal pillars are now established
throughout the reservoir from set
parameters including, e.g., the boundary
and grid increment.

Preview skeleton based on


mid-points of Key pillars

Output skeletons established from top,


mid, and base points of the key pillars

Structural Modeling

Fault modeling

Pillar Gridding

Make Horizons

Make Zones

Layering

Pillar Gridding Process


Based on the previously generated
key pillars, normal pillars are now
established throughout the reservoir
from set parameters including,
e.g., the boundary and grid increment.

Preview skeleton based on


mid-points of Key pillars

Output skeletons established from top,


mid, and base points of the key pillars

Structural Modeling

Fault modeling

Pillar Gridding

Make Horizons

Make Zones

Layering

Overview
Pillars: Lines that define the corners of 3D
cells. In the Pillar gridding process, they are
still virtual until the process is completed.

Pillars

Pillars
+
Edges

Note: This illustrates the concepts of cells but skeletons do not define
physical cells yet .

Pillars
+
Edges
+
Base & Top
=
Cells

Terminology
Boundary
Polygon, boundary segment ,or part of
boundary.

Trends
Guidance for the grid cell shape and
orientation. Can be used as segment divider
where there are no faults.
Directions
Guidance for orientation of cells along faults.

Segments
Faulted compartment closed by faults and/or
trends and/or grid boundary.

Directions and Trends


J-direction

I-trend

I-direction

Arbitrary

J-Trend

Workflow: Pillar Gridding


1. Start the Pillar gridding process.
2. Define the boundary.
3. Define grid name and increment.
4. Build mid-skeleton grid and click
Apply.
5. Tune mid-skeleton grid.

6. Extend pillars to top and base


skeletons and click OK.

Results/QC
After clicking OK in the Pillar Gridding dialog,
Petrel generates a new 3D grid in the Models
pane containing three skeleton grids.
To QC the skeleton grid, use the Intersections
found under the Intersections folder. Highlight
one of the intersections, toggle ON Show
Pillars and use the Grid player to move in
the I or J direction to look for poorly truncated
pillars or spikes in the skeleton grid.

Top skeleton
Mid skeleton
Base skeleton

Segments
1. Change the style settings for the skeleton: Double-click on the
Skeleton folder and on the Style tab, Solid subtab, select
Show Solid: As Segments.
2. Check segments: Use the Segment Filter to select on/off or
make a visual display of segments as a legend by right-clicking
on the Segment filter, selecting Insert/update template, and
toggling it ON from the Templates pane.

EXERCISE