Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

Example of florid language in Indian English

The degree to which the suggestions put forward by the Auditor General will be
enforced remains to be seen. However, going by past history, it is far-fetched that
even an iota of the recommendations will be executed
In the past several years, the subject of corruptionthe exploitation of public office for personal
accretionhas been the theme for confabulation among academicians and planners. An array of
reasons can be advanced as to why this issue has come under renewed inspection. Corruption
scandals have dislodged governments in many developed as well as developing countries,
including the least-developed ones. In the transition countries, the switch from command
economies to free market economies has led to Brobdingnagian scopes for appropriation of rents
(that is, exorbitant profits).
Corruption is most extensive where other configurations of institutional inefficiency, such as
political instability, bureaucratic red tape, and weak, legislative and judicial systems prevail. It is
far-reaching in countries such as Nepal not because the people are different from people
elsewhere but because situations are ripe for it. Not only are opportunities to engage in
corruption copious, the inducement to procure income is extremely potent, exacerbated by
poverty and by appalling civil service remuneration.
Additionally, risks of all ilk (for instance, illness and unemployment) are precipitous, and people
broadly lack the numerous risk-spreading instruments available in more opulent countries. The
discretion of many public officials is also broad, and this systemic weakness is exacerbated by
poorly expounded, ever changing, and deficiently propagated rules and regulations.
There are different kinds of corruption which encompass, inter alia, bribery, extortion, nepotism,
fraud, the use of speed money (money furnished to government officials to quicken their
consideration of business matter falling within their jurisdiction), and embezzlement. Although
people consider corruption as a sin of government, it is also rife in the private sector.
Corruption could also be assumed to mitigate growth by lessening the quality of public
infrastructure and service, decreasing tax receipt, inducing talented people to involve in rentseeking rather than fruitful occupations, and distorting the mix of government consumption.
If the expenses of corruption are steep, why dont governments get rid of it? A probable rejoinder
is that once a corrupt mode prevails, and a majority of people function within that system, people
have no impetus to try to alter it or prevent taking part in it, even if everyone would be better off
if graft were to be stamped out.
Empirical research has proven that countries that are politically more corrupt tend to be more
politically unstable. Furthermore, it has been manifested that both corruption and political
volatility may emanate from the collapse of members of the same government or ruling elite.
Researchers have begun to vet the nexus between civil servants salaries and the extent of
corruption and have proposed that equitable salaries are a necessary condition for eschewing
corruption, though not a sufficient one.
Certain strident measures could be executed to truncate the degree of corruption. First, the major
culprits must be penalized. When there is a culture of indulging in corrupt acts with impunity,

one technique is for a number of major corrupt characters to be sentenced and penalized. In this
framework, the government should expeditiously pinpoint a few major tax evaders, a few big
bribe givers, and a few high-level government bribe takers.
Second, the whole population must be consulted in analyzing corrupt methods. Modes of
consulting them encompass undertaking systematic client surveys, involving professional
institutions, and educational programs.
Third, there is a demand to reconstruct incentives. In Nepal, the public sector wages are so low
that a family cannot survive on a typical Section Officers salaries. Likewise, degrees of propitious
outcomes are often not present in the public sector, so that what officials earn is not linked with
what they spawn.
Political bigwigs in Nepal have made politics a gadget for garnering wealth illicitly. It is
preposterous to tackle corruption where a capable and artless political leadership does not exist.
Accountability is also extremely fragile. Laws and principles of ethics in government have not
been aptly promoted, and the legal organizations charged with administering them are not fully
prepared for this intricate task.
This years annual report of the Auditor General (AG), though a preachy, goody-goody document,
has revealed far-reaching instances of corruption and underscores the requirement for
transparency to tackle the anomalies. The degree to which the suggestions put forward by the AG
will be enforced remains to be seen. However, going by past history, it is far-fetched that even an
iota of the recommendations will be executed.
To conclude, corruption is a symptom of fundamental economic, political and institutional
causes. Addressing corruption efficiently entails tackling these latent causes. Contesting it starts
with the blueprint of better structures. Monopolies must be either curtailed or gingerly
regulated. Official discretion must be elucidated.
Transparency must be reinforced. In other words, an economic approach is required coupled with
great political sensitivity. However, as long as the political system does not possess strong moral
convictions, corrupt habits will continue to prevail.