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ONTARIO PLUMBING

INSPECTORS ASSOCIATION INC.


In the public service since 1920

Wet Venting
Incorporating Stack Venting and
NPC Harmonization
Presented by:
Rainier Bratsch-Blundel, CPSI
Plumbing Professor George Brown College
OPIA Education and Training

Wet Venting Correct or Incorrect


(a)

(d)

2
1

(b)

1
1
3
(c)

2 C/O

(e)

1
1

2 1

1
3

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


In the 2006 OBC, All Wet Venting
requirements changed.
Wet venting now includes
Stack Venting,
Modified Stack Venting, and the new
Multi-Storey Wet Venting

Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl


George Brown College

Wet Venting
Any fixture can be wet vented.
Any fixture other than a Water Closet (W.C.) can
do the wet venting
Symphonic fixtures can do the Wet Venting
Only fixtures with 2-inch trap arms and fixture
drains can connect into the wet vent above a
W.C. (there is a 3-inch floor drain exception).
The lowest connecting fixture is NOT included in
the sizing of the wet vent.
Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl
George Brown College

Wet Venting

Wet Vent means a waste pipe that also


serves as a Vent Pipe.
Continuous Vent means a vent pipe that
is an extension of a vertical section of a
branch OR fixture drain.
Fixture Unit means the unit of
measure that expresses the hydraulic
load on the drainage system
Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl
George Brown College

Wet Venting
7.5.2.1 Wet Venting
(1) A soil or waste pipe may serve as a wet vent provided
that,
(a) the hydraulic load is in accordance with Table 7.5.8.1.
7.5.8.1. Hydraulic Loads Draining to Wet Vents
(1) The hydraulic load that drains to a wet vent shall
conform to Table 7.5.8.1.
(2) When determining the size of a wet vent, the hydraulic
load from the most downstream fixture or symmetrically
connected fixtures shall not be included.
Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
Maximum Permitted Hydraulic Loads Drained to a Wet Vent
Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units

Size of Wet Vent


(inches)

No Water Closets

2 F.U.

2
2

4 F.U.

3 F.U.
F.U.
3

3
3

12 F.U.

8 F.U.
F.U.
8

4
4

36 F.U.

14 F.U.
F.U.
14

5
5

18 F.U.
F.U.
18

6
6

23 F.U.
F.U.
23

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Not more than 2 W.C.s


Fixtures Other Than a W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)

3 wet vent (replaces old Stack Venting)


1 or 2 water closets installed
8 fixture units maximum
2 maximum above the lowest connecting fixture
Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units
Size of Wet Vent
(inches)

No Water Closets

Fixtures Other Than a W.C.

2 F.U.

4 F.U.

3 F.U.

3
3

12 F.U.

F.U.
88 F.U.

36 F.U.

14 F.U.

18 F.U.

23 F.U.

Not more than 2 W.C.s

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

7.5.2.1. Wet Vent Sizing


(1) A soil or waste pipe may serve as a
wet vent provided:
a) the hydraulic load is in
accordance with Table 7.5.8.1.

Continuous Vent
7 metres
11 F.U.
1 pipe

Basin

Wet Vent (branch)


7 F.U. (8 max.)
3 pipe

Tank
W.C.

Wet Vent (branch)


7 F.U. (8 max.)
3 pipe
2
shower
drain
3 F.U.

1 F.U.

Kitchen
Sink
1.5 F.U.
Bath
tub
1.5 F.U.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

9 (i)

7.5.2.1. Wet Vent Sizing

7.5.8.3.
(5) For the purposes of Table 7.5.8.3., the length of a
continuous vent shall be its developed length from the
vertical soil or waste pipe connection to a vent stack, stack
vent, header or open air.
Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

9 (ii)

7.5.2.1. Wet Vent Sizing

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

9 (iii)

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting

b) the number of wet vented water closets

does not exceed 2


c) when 2 water closets are

installed, they are connected at


the same level to a vertical
part of the stack by means of a
double fitting in accordance
with Table 7.2.4.5.,

Continuous Vent
3 metres
Fixture Units = 12
Size = 1 Pipe
basin
basin

Wet vent
5 F.U. (8 max.)
Size = 3 pipe

Branch
Fixture Units = 12
Size = 3

Bath
Tub

Bath
Tub

Tank
W.C.

Tank
W.C.
Rainier Blundel
George Brown College

10 (i)

Rainier Blundel
George Brown College

10 (ii)

Rainier Blundel
George Brown College

10 (iii)

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


d) the water closets are

Continuous vent
6 F.U. (BG)
10 metres

installed downstream of all


other fixtures (on the wet vent)

1 Pipe

Wet Vent (fixture drain)


2.5 F.U.

Basin
1 F.U.

2 Pipe

Bath
tub
1.5 F.U.

Tank
W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

11 (i)

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


d) the water closets are

Continuous vent
6 F.U. (BG)
10 metres

installed downstream of all


other fixtures (on the wet vent)

1 Pipe

Wet Vent (fixture drain)


2.5 F.U.

Basin
1 F.U.

2 Pipe

Bath
tub
1.5 F.U.

Tank
W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

11 (ii)

7.5.2.1. Wet Vent Sizing


e) trap arms and fixture drains connected to

the wet vent do not exceed 2 in. in size,


except for connections from floor drains in
accordance with Sentence 7.5.1.1.(3)(a) to (c),

Continuous Vent
5 metres
5 F.U.
1 pipe

Note:
A-Table 7.4.9.3. Hydraulic Loads.
Hydraulic Loads for Floor Drains.
No hydraulic load is
required from a floor
drain in a washroom
since it is for
emergency use only.

Wet Vent (fixture drain)


1 F.U. (3 max.)
2 pipe

Basin
1 F.U.

Wet Vent (branch)


1 F.U. (3 max.)
3 pipe
Tank
W.C.

3
Floor Drain
3 F.U.
No load

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

12

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
Maximum Permitted Hydraulic Loads Drained to a Wet Vent
Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units

Size of Wet Vent


(inches)

No Water Closets

2 F.U.

4 F.U.

3 F.U.

12 F.U.

8 F.U.

36 F.U.

14 F.U.

18 F.U.

23 F.U.

Column 1

Column 2

Column 3

Not more than 2 W.C.s


Fixtures Other Than a W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

13

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
1 wet vent
No water closet installed

2 fixture units maximum (2 maximum)


Above the lowest connecting fixture
Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units
Size of Wet Vent
(inches)

No Water Closets

Fixtures Other Than a W.C.

11

22 F.U.
F.U.

4 F.U.

3 F.U.

12 F.U.

8 F.U.

36 F.U.

14 F.U.

18 F.U.

23 F.U.

Not more than 2 W.C.s

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

14

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
A Laundry Tray (Tub) wet venting through a Floor Drain
Washing
Machine
Stand Pipe
(no load)

1
(1.5 F.U)

1
Continuous
Vent

1
Wet Vent
2 F.U. max.

F.D.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

4
15 (i)

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
A Laundry Tray (Tub) wet venting through a Floor Drain
Washing
Machine
Stand Pipe
(no load)

1
(1.5 F.U)

1 Hydraulic Loads.
A-Table 7.4.9.3.
Continuous
Hydraulic Loads
Vent for Laundry Traps.
When determining the hydraulic load
on a pipe, no allowance need be made
for a load from a domestic clothes
washer when discharged
into a
1
laundry tray, since
the hydraulic
Wet Vent
F.D. load
from the laundry
is sufficient.
2 F.U.tray
max.
2

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

4
15 (ii)

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)

2 wet vent
No water closet installed

4 fixture units maximum (2 maximum)


Above the lowest connecting fixture
Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units
Size of Wet Vent
(inches)

No Water Closets

Fixtures Other Than a W.C.

2 F.U.

2
2

44 F.U.
F.U.

3 F.U.

12 F.U.

8 F.U.

36 F.U.

14 F.U.

18 F.U.

23 F.U.

Not more than 2 W.C.s

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

16

Wet Vent Sizing


(Table 7.5.8.1.)
A Lavatory Basin and a Bathtub wet venting through a Shower
1 12"
Continuous
Vent
SHOWER

1 1 4"
1 1/2"
SANITARY
TEE (TY)

2" Wet
Vent
(4 F.U. max.)
2"
757R06B5

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

17

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


f) the total hydraulic load on the wet vent does not exceed
the limits stated in Table 7.5.8.1. when separately vented
branches or fixture drains in the same storey, having a total hydraulic
load not greater than 2 fixture units, are connected to the wet vent or a
wet vented water closet trap arm.

Note: the load from the


separately vented kitchen
sink is included when
sizing this pipe

branch
bathroom group
7.5 fixture units
3 inch pipe

Bath
tub

Continuous vent
Continuous
waste
and vent

Lav

Wet Vent
4 fixture units
3 inch pipe

fixture drain
1.5 fixture units
1 1/2 inch pipe
kitchen
sink

Tank
W.C.

Wet Vented
Branch

separately vented
fixture drain

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

18

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


f) the total hydraulic load on the wet vent
does not exceed the limits stated in Table 7.5.8.1. when
separately vented branches or fixture drains in the same storey, having
a total hydraulic load not greater than 2 fixture units, are connected to
the wet vent or a wet vented water closet trap arm.

Note: the load from the


separately vented
kitchen sink is
included when
1
shower
sizing this pipe

Continuous
vent

Lav
Wet Vent
6.5 F.U.
3 inch pipe

Bath
tub

Continuous
waste and
vent

fixture drain
1.5 F.U.
1 pipe

Kitchen
Sink

Wet Vent
branch
10.5 F.U.
3 inch pipe

Tank
W.C.

separately vented
fixture drain

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

19

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(g) the hydraulic load to be
considered when sizing a
continuous vent, that serves
a wet vent only includes the
hydraulic load that is wet
vented,

Bath
tub

Continuous Vent
7.6 metres
6 fixture units
1 1/2 inch pipe

Lav

Wet Vent
(fixture drain)
4 fixture units
3 inch pipe

branch
bathroom group
7.5 fixture units
3 inch pipe

Continuous
waste
and vent
fixture drain
1.5 fixture units
1 1/2 inch pipe
kitchen
sink

Wet Vent
(branch)
Tank
W.C.

separately vented
fixture drain

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

20

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(h) when a wet vent
extends through more
than one storey, the
total discharge from
any one storey above
the first storey does
not exceed 4 fixture
units,
Note: Any fixture above
the symmetrically
connected water closets
must be included in
sizing the wet vent.
symmetrical
connection

kitchen
sink

kitchen
sink

kitchen
sink

Stack Vent
Fixture Units = 15.5
Length = 8 metres
Stack Base = 3 Pipe
Size = 1 Pipe
Lav

Lav
Wet Vent
(Waste Stack)
Fixture Units = 7.5

Tank
W.C.
Lav

Size = 3 pipe

Tank
W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

21 (i)

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


kitchen
(h) when a wet vent
sink
extends through more
Table 7.5.8.4.
than one
storey, the
Size and Developed Length of Stack Vents and Vent Stacks
total discharge from
any one storey above
kitchen
the first storey does
sink
not exceed 4 fixture
units,
Note: Any fixture above
the symmetrically
connected water closets
must be included in
sizing the wet vent.
symmetrical
connection

kitchen
sink

Stack Vent
Fixture Units = 15.5
Length = 8 metres
Stack Base = 3 Pipe
Size = 1 Pipe
Lav

Lav
Wet Vent
(Waste Stack)
Fixture Units = 7.5

Tank
W.C.
Lav

Size = 3 pipe

Tank
W.C.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

21 (ii)

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(i) there is not more than one nominally
horizontal offset in the wet vent, and,
.

drinking
fountain

Stack Vent

Wet Vent
(waste stack)

Tank
W.C.
Lav

kitchen
sink

bathtub

Note:
the definition of Offset means the
piping that connects the ends of
two pipes that are parallel

nominally
horizontal
offset

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

22

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(i) there is not more than one nominally horizontal offset in the wet vent,
and, .
(i.)

the offset does not exceed 1 200


mm for pipes 2 in. or less in size,
OR

Stack Vent

Lav

nominally
horizontal
offset
(maximum length
1.2 metres for 2 inch
or less pipe)
branch
2.5 fixture units
1 1/2 inch pipe

kitchen
sink

Wet Vent
(waste stack)
1 Fixture Units
1 Pipe

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

23

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(i) there is not more than one nominally horizontal
offset in the wet vent, and, .
Stack Vent

(ii.) the offset does not exceed 2 500


mm for pipes larger than 2 in. in
size,
Nominally
Horizontal
Offset
(maximum length
2.5 metres for pipe
larger than 2 inch)

Lav
Lav
Wet Vent
(waste stack)
6 fixture units
3 inch pipe

Lav

Lav
Lav

kitchen
sink
Branch
9 fixture units
3 inch pipe

Lav
kitchen
sink

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

24

7.5.2.1. Wet Venting


(j) the wet vented portion is not reduced in size
except for the portion that is upstream of floor
drains in accordance with Sentence 7.5.1.1.(3),

Tank
W.C.
Continuous
vent
Bath
tub

(k) the length of the wet vent


is not limited.

Not
Restricted

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

Lav

25

7.5.8.4. Stack Vents or Vent Stacks


(serving Wet Vents)
7.5.8.4.
(4) A stack vent serving a wet
vent stack that is over 4 storeys
high shall extend the full size of
the wet vent to open air.
But, ..
7.5.4.2.
(2) A soil or waste stack that
serves as a wet vent does not
require a vent stack.

Stack
Vent

Stack
Vent

Wet
Vent

Same size
as
Wet Vent

over 4
storeys
high

Note:
To size the Stack Vent
use Table 7.5.8.4.

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

26

Wet Venting Correct or Incorrect


(a)

(d)

2
1

(b)

1
1
3
(c)

2 C/O

(e)

1
1

2 1

1
3

Rainier Bratsch-Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College Ontario Plumbing Inspectors Association

27

Wet Venting
QUESTIONS?
www.opia.info/members/
rblundel@georgebrown.ca
Code and Guide for Plumbing
2006 Professional Edition
available at www.orderline.com

OPIA Education and Training

28

ONTARIO PLUMBING
INSPECTORS ASSOCIATION INC.
In the public service since 1920

Wet Venting
Incorporating Stack Venting and
NPC Harmonization
Presented by:
Rainier Bratsch-Blundel, CPSI
Plumbing Professor George Brown College
OPIA Education and Training