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Experiment Instructions

HM 284

Series and Parallel Connected Pumps

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS Experiment

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS Experiment Instructions Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Dipl.-Ing .-Päd.

Experiment Instructions

Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Dipl.-Ing.-Päd. Michael Schaller

This manual must be kept by the unit.

Before operating the unit:

- Read this manual. - All participants must be instructed on handling of the unit and, where appropriate, on the necessary safety precautions.

Version 1.4

Subject to technical alterations

HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS ii

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS Table of

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

Table of Contents

1 Introduction

 

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1

1.1

Didactic notes for teachers

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3

2 Safety.

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5

2.1 Intended use

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5

2.2 Structure of safety instructions

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5

2.3 Safety instructions

 

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7

2.4 Ambient conditions for the operating and storage location

 

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3 Description of the HM 284 device

 

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9

3.1 Fluid energy machines range and introduction to

 

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3.2 Process schematic

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10

3.3 Device design

 

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11

3.4 Device function and components

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12

3.5 Operation and measurement data

 

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3.5.1 Program installation

 

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15

3.5.2 Program operation

 

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16

3.6 Commissioning

 

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17

3.7 Operating modes

 

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18

3.7.1 Pump in standalone operation

 

18

3.7.2 Pumps in series operation

 

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19

3.7.3 Pumps in parallel operation

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20

3.8 Decommissioning, storage and disposal

 

21

HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS 4 Basic principles for GUNT Labline fluid energy

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

4 Basic principles for GUNT Labline fluid energy machines

 

23

4.1 Classification of fluid energy machines

 

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4.1.1 Power machines / work machines

 

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24

4.1.2 Turbomachines / positive displacement machines

 

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4.2 Fundamental physical principles

 

25

4.2.1

Laws of conservation

 

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25

4.2.1.1

Continuity equation

 

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25

4.2.1.2

Conservation of momentum

 

28

4.2.1.3

Conservation of

 

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30

4.2.1.4

Bernoulli's principle.

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31

4.2.2

Work

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34

4.2.2.1

Specific

 

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36

4.2.3

Power

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37

4.2.4

Efficiency

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40

4.2.5

Energy conversion in the motion of

 

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5 Further basic principles for HM 284

 

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5.1 Converting pressure energy into velocity

 

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45

5.1.1

Supply pressure and head of centrifugal pumps

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45

5.2 Pump characteristic

 

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47

5.3 System characteristic

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48

5.4 Operating

 

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49

5.5 Pumps in series and parallel connection

 

51

5.5.1 Parallel connection

 

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52

5.5.2 Series connection

 

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53

5.5.3 Selecting the type of

 

55

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS 6

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

6

Experiments

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59

6.1 Experiment 1: Recording a system characteristic curve

 

60

6.1.1 Objectives of the experiment

 

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60

6.1.2 Conducting the

 

60

6.1.3 Measured values with calculations of the analysis

 

61

6.1.4 Analysis

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61

6.1.5 Evaluation .

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65

6.2 Experiment 2: Determining the reference speed

 

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6.2.1 Objective of the experiment:

 

67

6.2.2 Conducting the

 

67

6.3 Experiment 3: Determining the pump characteristic curve

 

68

6.3.1

Objectives of the experiment

 

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68

6.3.2

Conducting the

 

68

6.3.3

Measured values

 

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69

6.3.4

Analysis

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69

6.3.4.1

Pump characteristic

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69

6.3.4.2

Efficiency

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71

6.3.5

Evaluation .

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75

6.4 Experiment 4: Pumps in series operation

 

76

6.4.1 Objectives of the experiment

 

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76

6.4.2 Conducting the

 

76

6.4.3 Measured values

 

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77

6.4.4 Analysis

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77

6.4.5 Evaluation .

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80

6.5 Experiment 5: Pumps in parallel operation

 

81

6.5.1 Objectives of the experiment

 

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81

6.5.2 Conducting the

 

81

6.5.3 Measured values

 

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82

6.5.4 Analysis

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82

6.5.5 Evaluation .

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84

HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS   6.6 Final analysis of the experiments and

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

 

6.6

Final analysis of the experiments and proposal for further

 

85

7

Appendix

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87

7.1 Technical data

 

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87

7.2 List of formula symbols and units

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89

7.3 Tables and

 

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90

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS 1

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

1

Introduction

The HM 284 "Series and Parallel Connected Pumps" device is part of the GUNT Labline fluid energy machines series.

The GUNT Labline fluid energy machines allow experiments on power engines and machines such as pumps, fans and water turbines.

All devices in the GUNT Labline fluid energy machines range are equipped with electronic sensors for PC-based measurement data acquisition and are operated from a PC. Measurements can be represented graphically and characteristics can be recorded using the measurement data acquisition software provided. The GUNT Labline series of devices puts the HSI "Hardware-Software Integration" product approach into effect.

The experimental unit is designed as a tabletop device. The measurement data acquisition software supplied and a PC provided by the customer are required to operate the HM 284 device.

Centrifugal pumps belong to the group of dynamic pumps. They are the most widely used type of pump in the world. The advantages are mainly:

– simple design

– no oscillating masses

– few parts

– little wear

– reliable

– suitable for different media

without

– direct

coupling

to

electric

motor

gearing.

HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS If necessary, different operating ranges can be covered

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

If necessary, different operating ranges can be covered by connecting two or more pumps.

The centrifugal pumps in HM 284 pump water. HM 284 essentially consists of the centrifugal pump with drive motor, the throttle valve, the flow meter and the water tank. These components are connected to the water circuit by pipes.

Characteristic curves and operating points can be recorded by:

flow

• Using

the

throttle

valve

to

vary

the

resistance.

• Variable speed at pump 1 and optionally switchable pump 2.

• Varying the pump circuit (series and parallel connection).

Learning objectives for the centrifugal pump are:

• Principle of operation of a centrifugal pump

• Recording a system characteristic curve

• Recording a pump characteristic curve

• Identifying characteristic data

• Investigation of typical dependencies (flow rate and the supply pressure dependent on the speed).

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS 1.1 Didactic

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

1.1 Didactic notes for teachers

HM 284 can be employed both in the training of skilled workers and in academic engineering education.

Areas where the HM 284 experimental unit can be employed include:

• Demonstration experiments

The demonstrator operates the previously prepared experimental unit while a small group of five to eight students observe. Key effects can be demonstrated over an operating time of half an hour.

• Practical experiments

Small groups of two or three students can carry out experiments for themselves. The time required to record measurements and some characteristic curves can be estimated at about one hour.

• Project work

HM 284 is particularly well suited to carrying out project work. In addition to detailed studies using HM 284, it is possible to conduct a wide range of comparative experiments using the separate HM 283 centrifugal pump and comparisons to the HM 285 and HM 286 positive-displacement pumps.

In this case a single, experienced student can operate the experimental unit.

These materials are intended to be used to help you prepare your lessons. You can compose parts of the material as information for students and use it in class.

HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS We also provide these ex periment instructions in

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

We also provide these experiment instructions in pdf format on a CD to support your lessons. We grant you unlimited reproduction rights for use within the context of your teaching duties.

We hope that you enjoy using this experimental unit from the GUNT Labline range and wish you success in your important task of introducing students to the fundamentals of technology.

Should you have any comments about this device, please do not hesitate to contact us.

All rights reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013

reserved, G.U.N.T. Gerätebau, Barsbüttel, Germany 09/2013 HM 284 SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS 2 Safety 2.1

HM 284

SERIES AND PARALLEL CONNECTED PUMPS

2

Safety

2.1 Intended use

The unit is to be used only for teaching purposes.

2.2 Structure of safety instructions

The signal words DANGER, WARNING or CAUTION indicate the probability and potential severity of injury.

An additional symbol indicates the nature of the hazard or a required action.

Signal word