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1. Life and Works of Rizal (SOC 700) Chapter 14: Rizal in London Presented
by: Dela Cruz, Arvin Dominic Frades, Anna Clarissa Bajana, Joshua Lubiano,
Franco Niel
2.After visiting the United States, Rizal lived in London from May 1888 to
March 1889.
3.He chose the English City to be his new home for 3 reasons: 1. To
improve my knowledge of the English Language. ENGLISH
4.Rizal chose the English City to be his new home for 3 reasons: 2. To
study and annotate Morgas Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas. Antonio de
Morga
5.Rizal chose the English City to be his new home for 3 reasons: 3.
London was safe place for me to carry on my fight against Spanish
tyranny.
6.Trip Across the Atlantic.
7. Rizal was on board the SS City of Rome. While on the board,
Rizal entertained the American and European passengers with his
marvelous skill of the yoyo as a defensive weapon.
8.Adelphi Hotel Liverpool, England He spent his night at Adelphi Hotel
Rizal arrived at Liverpool, England on May 24, 1888
9.Rizal wrote to his family: Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its
celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificient
and the customhouse is quite good
10.Life in London
11.On May 25,1888, Rizal went to London. He stayed as a guest at the
home of Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor, an exile of Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor
12. By the end of May, he found a modest boarding place at No. 37
Chalcot, Crescent, Primrose Hill. Rizal was a boarder of the Beckett
13.The Beckett Family Mr. Beckett, organist of St. Pauls church Mrs.
Beckett (his wife) 2 sons
14. I called Rizal a Pearl of Man. I was impressed by Rizals teaming
and character and he gladly recommended Rizal to the authorities of the
British Museum.
15.News from Home, Bad news
16.1. Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the Anti-friar Petition
1888. 2. Persecution of the Calamba tenants 3. Furious attacks on Rizal
by Senators Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and Wenceslao
Retana and Pablo Feced in Spanish newspapers. Bad news
17.Bad news 4. A friend of Rizal, Laureano Viado, a medical student at
the University of Santo Tomas, was arrested and Jailed in Bilibid prison
because of the copies of Noli that were found in his house. 5. Rizals
brother-in-law, Manuel T. Hidalgo, husband of Saturnina was exiled by
Governor General Weyler to Bohol without due process of law.
18.News from Home, Good news

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19.One good news cheered Rizal, and that was Rev. Vicente Garcias
defense of the Noli against the attacks of the friars. Mariano Rizal heard
this good news from Mariano Ponce. Later, on January 7, 1891, he wrote
to Father Garcia, expressing his personal
20.Annotating Morgas book
21. The greatest achievement of Rizal on London was the annotating of
Morgas book, Sucessos de Las Isla Filipinas which was published in
Mexico, 1609. British Museum Rizal spent many days in the reading room
of the British Museum poring over the pages of this book and laboriously
reading the old histories of the Philippines.
22.Short visit to Paris and Spain
23.Early in September 1888, Rizal visited Paris for a week in order to
search for more historical materials Bibliotheque Nationale. On December
11, 1888, Rizal went to Madrid and Barcelona, Spain. For the first time,
Rizal met Marcelo del Pilar and Mariano Ponce, the two titans of
Propaganda movement.
24.Christmas in London (1888)
25.Christmas in London (1888) Rizal returned to London on December
24 and spent Christmas and New Years days with the Becketts. To his
friend, Bluemetritt, Rizal sent as Christmas gift a bust of Emperor
Augustus which he had made. To another friend, Dr. Carlos Czepelak,
Rizal gave as Christmas gift a bust of Julius Cesar.
26. Rizals landlady, Mrs. Beckett, knowing of his interest in magic, gave
him as Christmas gift a book entitled The Life and Adventures of Valentine
Vox, the Ventriloquist.
27.Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe
28. By unanimous vote of all the members, Rizal was chosen honorary
president of society called Asociacion La Solidaridad (Solidaridad
Association) This was a recognition of his leadership among all Filipino
patriots in Europe.
29.` Rizal and the La Solidaridad Newspaper
30. On February 15, 1889, Graciano Lopez Jaena founded the patriotic
newspaper called La Solidaridad in Barcelona, Spain. Graciano Lopez Jaena
31.1. To work peacefully for political and social reforms. 2. To portray the
deplorable conditions of the Philippines so that the Spain may remedy
them. 3. To oppose the evil forces of reaction and medievalism. aims:
32.4. To advocate liberal ideas and progress. 5. To champion the
legitimate aspirations of the Filipino people to life, democracy and
happiness. aims:
33.Rizals First Article in La Solidaridad
34.It was published on March 25, 1889, six days after he left London for
Paris. Rizals first article in La Solidaridad was entitled Los Agricultores
Filipinos (The Filipino Farmers).
35.Writings in London
36. Rizal received news on Fray Rodriguez unabated attack on his Noli.
In defense he wrote a pamphlet entitled La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The
Vision of Fray Rodriguez) which was published in Barcelona under his pen
name Dimas Alang. In La Vision del Fray Rodriguez. I demonstrated two
things: my profound knowledge of religion and 2. my biting satire.

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37. In London, Rizal wrote the famous Letter to the Young Women of
Malolos in Tagalog He penned it, upon the request of Marcelo del Pilar to
praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to establish a school
where they could learn Spanish, despite opposition of Father Felipe Garcia,
Spanish parish priest of Malolos.
38.Dr. Frost, editor of Trubners Record, a journal devoted to Asian
studies, requested Rizal to contribute some articles. Dr. Reinhold Frost In
response to his request, Rizal prepared two articles which were published
in June 1889. 1. Specimen of Tagal Folklore 2. Two Eastern Fables
39.Romance with Gertrude Beckett
40. Rizal had a romantic interlude with the oldest of the three Beckett
sisters Gertrude (Gettie). Gettie , as she was affectionately called, was a
buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and rosy cheeks. I fell in
love with Rizal. On cold winter mornings I had a sunny smile for him,
chattering gaily like a humming bird. During the family picnics, I was
particularly very happy because Rizal was with them and I gave him all my
attention. And in rainy days when Rizal stayed at home, I helped him by
mixing his colors for painting or assisted in preparing the clay for
sculpturing
41. Their friendship drifted towards romance. Rizal affectionately called
her Gettie and she fondly called him Pettie. As their flirtation was
fast approaching the point of no return. Rizal suddenly realized that he
could not marry Gettie for he had a mission to fulfill in life.
42. Rizal suppressed the passionate yearning of his heart, and decided
to go away so that Gettie may not forget him. Before leaving London,
Rizal finished four sculptural works: 1. Prometheus Bond 2. The Triumph of
Death over Life 4. A composite carving of The heads of the Beckett sisters
(gave as farewell gift to the Beckett sisters) 3. The Triumph of Science over
Death
43.Adios, London
44.Suddenly on March 19, 1889, he bade goodbye to the kind Beckett
family and left London for Paris. He was sad as he crossed the English
channel, for he cherished so many beautiful memories of London.
45.Thank you for Listening! Reference: Zaide, Gregorio F., and Sonia M,
Zaide. "Chapter 14: Rizal in London." In Jose Rizal: Life, Works, and
Writings of a Genius Writer,scientist and National Hero, 2nd ed. Manila: All
Nations Publishing Co, 1957. University of Perpetual Help System Dalta
Molino Campus

Transcript of Chapter 14: RIZAL IN LONDON (1888-1889)


Chapter 14:RIZAL IN LONDON (1888-1889)
TRIP ACROSS THE ATLANTIC
>He won many of friends of different nationalities on board the palatial City of
Rome because of his friendly nature and ability as a linguist.
>Amazed some American and European passengers with his marvelous skill with
the Yo-Yo as an offensive weapon.
>Arrived on Liverpool, England, on May 24, 1888 and stayed for one day.

>He wrote to his family about:


Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great
fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good.
LIFE IN LONDON
>Went to London May 25, 1888 and stayed as a guest at Dr. Antonio Ma.
Regidors home
>Became a boarder at the Becketts by the end of May were he meet the
Becketts family.
>He was called Pearl of Man by Dr. Reinhold Rost, a librarian of the Ministry of
Foreign Affairs and an authority of Malayan languages and customs.
>Played Cricket (a popular English game) and Boxing with Dr. Rosts sons.
GOOD AND BAD NEWS FROM HOME
Bad News
1.) Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the Anti-friar Petition of
1888.
- this petition has signed by 800 patriots and written by M.H Jose Del Pillar
- addressed to the Queen Regent of Spain for the expulsion of friars, including
Archbishop Pedro Payo of Manila.
2.) Persecution of Calamba tenants, including Rizals family and relatives for their
courage to petition the government for agrarian reforms
3.) Furious attacks on Rizal by Senators Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish
Cortes and by Desengaos (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in
Spanish newspapers.
4.) Rizals brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo, husband of Saturnina was exiled in
Bohol by Governor General Weyler without due process of law.
5.) Laureano Viado, a friend of Rizal which is a medical student at the University
of Santo Tomas, was arrested and jailed in Bilibid Prison because copies of Noli
were found in his house
Good News
1.) Rev. Vicente Garcia, a vulnerable Filipino canon of Manila Cathedral, defended
Noli against the attacks of the friars.

STAY IN LONDON
>Lived in London on May 1888 to Mar. 1889
>3 reasons why he stayed there:

1)To improve his knowledge of the English Language and 2)To study and annotate
Morgas
Sucesos de Las Islas Filipinas
3)London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish tyranny
>He engaged in Filipiniana studies
>Completing annotating Morgas books>wrote many articles in La Solidaridad
>Penned a famous letter to the Young Women of Malolos
>Carried on his voluminous correspondence with Blumentritt and relatives
> Had a romance with Gertude Beckett.
ANNOTATINGC MORGAS BOOK
> The greatest achievement of Rizal in London was the annonating of Morgas
book, Sucesos de las Islas Filipinas ( Historical Events of the Philippine Islands)
which was published in Mexico, 1609.>Spent many days in the reading room of
the British Museum reading Morgas books and old stories of the Philippines and
of all written histories published during the early years of Spanish regime, Dr.
Morga was the best.
>September 1888, he visited Paris for a week to search for more historical
materials in Bibliothque Nationale.
- he was entertained in a gay French metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife (Paz
Pardo de Tavera),who proudly showed him their little son Andres or also known as
Luling as his nickname.
>Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain, visiting Madrid and Barcelona.
- he met Marcelo H. Del Pilar and Mariano Ponce, the two titans of the
Propaganda Movement, they shared ideas and cooperate in the fight for reforms.
SHORT VISIT TO PARIS AND SPAIN

CHRISTMAS IN LONDON
>Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and New
Years Day with the Becketts.
>He sent a gift which is a bust of Emperor Augustus to Blumentritt and a bust of
Julius Ceasar to Dr. Carlos Czepelak (a polish scholar). >Received a book entitled
The Life and Adventures of Valentine Vox, the Ventriloquist as gift from Mrs.
Becketts (landlady)

RIZAL BECOMES LEADER OF FILIPINOS IN EUROPE


>Filipinos in Barcelona were planning to establish a patriotic society which will

cooperate in the crusade for reforms called Asociacion La Solidaridad (Solidaridad


Association) and was inagurated on December 31, 1888 with the following
officers:
President: Galicano Apacible
Vice-President: Graciano Lopez Jaena
Secretary: Manuel Santa Maria
Treasurer: Mariano Ponce
Accountant: Jose Ma. Panganiban
Honorary President: Jose rizal (by unanimous vote of
all the members)
>As the leader of the countrymen in Europe, Rizal wrote a letter or thanks giving
addressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on January 28, 1889.
-Letter content: 1.) When defeated never surrender. 2.) Great deal of integrity
and much good will.
RIZAL AND THE LA SOLIDARIDAD NEWSPAPER
>Graciano Lopez founded La Solidaridad on February15,1889 at Barcelona
- La Solidaridad newspaper was a fortnightly periodical which served as organ of
the Propaganda Movement.aims:
- to work peacefully for political and social reforms;
- to portary the deplorable conditions of the Philippines so that Spain may
remedy them;
-to oppose the evil forces of reaction and medievalism;
- to advocate liberal ideas and progress; and
- to champion the legitimate aspirations of the Filipino people to life, democracy,
and happiness.
FIRST ARTICLE IN LA SOLIDARIDAD
>Los Agricultures Filipinos (The Filipino Farmers) published on March 25, 1889 Depicted the deplorable conditions in the Philippines which cause the
backwardness of the country.
WRITINGS IN LONDON
> La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez)a pamphlet
published at Barcelona under hi nom-de- plume Dimas Alang. Rizal demonstrated
two things: 1.) his profound knowledge of religion and 2.) his biting satire.
> Letter to the Young Women of Malolos - February 22, 1889 in Tagalog request of
M.H. del Pilar to praise young ladies in Malolos for their courage to establish a
school where they learn Spanish despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia,

Spanish parish priest of Malolos.


> Requested by Dr. Rost -Specimens of Tagal Folklore - published in journal in
May, 1889 -Two Eastern Fables - published in June 1889
ROMANCE WITH GERTRUDE BECKETT
>Gertrude Beckett - Rizal affectionately called her Gettie ; called Rizal as
Pettie,Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and rosy cheeks -Eldest of
the three sisters-Fell in love with Rizal -helped him in his painting and sculpture
>Rizal finished 4 sculptures -Promotheus Bound
-The Triumph of Death over Life
-The Triumph of Science over Death -sent to Blumentritt and Leitmeritz
-Composite carving of the heads of the Beckett sisters. - farewell gift to the
Beckett sisters
> March 19, 1889, Rizal bade goodbye to the kind Beckett family (particularly
Gertude) and left London for Paris. He was sad as he crossed the English Channel,
for he cherished so many beautiful memories of London.
ADIOS LONDON

Transcript of Rizal in Gay Paris


Rizal in Gay Paris
(1889 - 1890)
Difficulty of Finding Living Quarters
After his trip to London, he moved to Paris, which was at that time was having the
International Exposition.
Rizal's roommates:
a. Capitan Justo Trinidad - former gobernadorcillo of Santa Ana, Manila and a
refugee from Spanish tyranny.
b. Jose Albert - young student from Manila.
Life in Paris
Although life in Paris was gay, with sparkling merriment and joyous social parties,
Rizal continued to be busy in his serious pursuits. He spent most of his time in
the reading room of Bibliotheque Nationale, and in his spare hours, he used to
dine at the homes of his friends.
He was a good friend of the three Pardo de Tavera:

a. Dr. Trinidad H. Pardo de Tavera physician by vocation and philologist by


avocation.
b. Dr. Felix Pardo de Tavera physician by vocation and an artist and sculptor by
avocation.
c. Paz Pardo de Tavera wife of Juan Luna.
d. Don Joaquin Pardo de Tavera their father who was an exile in 1872 who
escaped from the Marianas and lived in France.
Boustead Family
Rizal was also a frequent visitor of the Boustead family.
Mr. Edward Boustead he was born in the Philippines, the son of a rich French
businessman of Singapore and had married a daughter of the prominent Genato
family of Manila.
Two attractive daughters:
a. Nelly (Nellie) Boustead athletic.
b. Adelina Boustead quiet, dignified, and refined.
Studies and Career
In Paris, Rizal continued his study of languages. He also attended the fencing
lessons at the studio of Luna.
Moreover, he carried his artistic hobby, he made two statues:
a. The Beggar
b. The Maid With A Basket which he sent to Blumentritt, together with an
artistic wallet (petaca) made of Philippine vine (nito).
Annotated Edition of Morga's Sucesos
Publication of Rizals annotated edition of Morgas Sucesos. He wrote it in the
British Museum. It was printed by Garnier Freres. He dedicated this historical
work TO THE FILIPINOS.
The Prologue was written by Professor Blumentritt, upon the request of Rizal.
However, he frankly censured Rizal for two things which revealed Rizal's errors,
namely:
a. Rizal commits the error of many historians in appraising the events of the past
in the light of present standards.
b. Rizal's attacks on the Church were unfair and unjustified because the abuses
of the friars should not be construed to mean that Catholicism is bad.

Organizations
Two organizations founded by Rizal:
a. Kidlat Club founded by Rizal simply to bring together the young Filipinos in
the French capital.
b. Indios Bravos it replaced the Kidlat Club. The members pledged to excel in
intellectual and physical prowess in order to win the admiration of the Spaniards
Members:
a. Juan Luna
b. Antonio Luna
c. Lauro Dimayuga
d. Baldomero Roxas
e. Gregorio Aguilera
f. Fernando Canon
g. Gregorio Pautu
h. Julio Llorente
International Association of Filipinologists
Aims to study the Philippines from the scientific and historical point of view
Officers:
President: Dr. Ferdinand Blumentritt (Austrian)
Vice-President: Mr. Edmund Plauchut (French)
Counselor: Dr. Reinhold Rost (Anglo-German)
Counselor: Dr. Antonio Ma. Regidor (Filipino-Spanish)
Secretary: Dr. Jose Rizal (Filipino)
Filipino College in Hongkong
Another magnificent project of Rizal in Paris which also fizzled out was his plan to
establish a modern college in Hongkong. This college aims to train and educate
men of good family and financial means in accordance with the demands of
modern times and circumstances.
Mr. Cunanan A rich Filipino residents in Paris who promised to help him to raise
an initial capital of P40,000.
Por Telefono
In the fall of 1889 he wrote another satirical work entitled Por Telefono as a reply
to another slanderer, Fr. Salvador Font, who masterminded the banning of his Noli

me Tangere.
Por Telefono was published in booklet form in Barcelona, 1889. This satirical
pamphlet under the authorship of "Dimas Alang" (one of Rizal's pen names) is a
witty satire which ridicules Father Font. It describes in comical vein Father Font
and a friar in the San Agustin Convent in Manila.
"In the year 1900 the Philippines and the Metropolis (Madrid) were linked for the
first time by means of telephone wires installed by an Anglo-Catalan firm called
Transoceanic Telephone Company, which was then known for its truly advanced
ideas."
- Rizal
Incidentally, Por Telefono demonstrates not only Rizal's sparkling wit, but also his
prophetic insight.
Rizal and the Boustead Sisters
Rizal had another romantic affair in Paris.
Adelina Boustead another romance of Rizal in Paris.
Nelly She was attracted by the talented Rizal, with whom she was infatuated.
Antonio Luna a dashing man of violent passions who is madly in love with Nelly.
Mir Deas Spanish newspaperman who was writing articles against the Filipinos
Rizal's Marriage Proposal
Reasons why Rizals marriage proposal did not prosper:
a. Adelina was not sure he loved her because of his broken engagement with
Leonor Rivera
b. Rizal refused to accept the condition that he will become a protestant like her.
c. Adelinas mother opposed the match because Rizal was not rich enough to
support a family in style.