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Vericor Power Systems

VPS3 GenSet Package featuring ASE40 gas turbine

Gas Turbine CHP


Systems
Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Discussion Topics

What is Combined Heat and Power (CHP)


Is it a Technical Fit?
Economics
Spark Spread
Operations and Maintenance
Typical Installation Costs

Target Industries/Facilities
Where to look for gas turbine applications

Items to Watch

Permitting
Interconnection
Fuel Supply
System Integration

Vericor Power Systems Overview

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AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

What is CHP?
Generation of electric (or shaft) and thermal energy
from a single source
Use of both electric (or shaft) and thermal energy
from a single source at one location
Examples

Gas Turbine with Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG)


Gas Turbine with Direct Fired Absorption Refrigeration
Gas Turbine with HRSG and Steam Absorption Refrigeration
Gas Turbine with Hot Oil Heaters/Vaporizers
Or combination of above

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AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Possible CHP Configurations


1,045 F Exhaust
22.0 MMBtuH
Available

Steam to
Process

Direct Contact
Heating

Steam
Absorption
Chiller

22,000 lbs/hour of
150 psig steam

VPS4 Gas Turbine Package


Heat Recovery
Steam Generator

Additional thermal energy through


auxiliary firing

Direct Exhaust
Absorption Chiller

Steam
Turbine
Generator

2,000 tons of
chilled water

Exhaust stream from one turbine can


be used with multiple heat recovery
devices
Hot Oil Vaporizer
/Heater
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22.0 MMBtuH Hot


Oil Heating or
Vaporizing

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Is it a Technical Fit?
Available space to install CHP package
Base load application (8760 operating schedule)
Single electric point of service
Electric point of service large enough to use full generator output

Adequate fuel available in volume and pressure


Year round thermal need
Thermal and electric matched profiles
Sink for all available thermal energy
We have thermal energy with waste electricity.

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Target Industries/Facilities

Paper mills
Power generation
Steam generation

Resins/plastics/petrochemical
Power generation
Steam generation
Hot oil heating (e.g., Dow Therm)
Direct drive

Food processing
Power generation
Steam generation
Chilled water
Direct dry

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Tallow/rendering
Power generation
Steam generation
Direct dry

Printing operations
Power generation
Steam generation

Hospitals/Universities
Power generation
Steam generation
Chilled water

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Economics

Spark Spread Difference between electric and fuel price on an equivalent Btu
basis

Age and efficiency of existing thermal equipment

Higher the better


2 to 1 is minimum
3 to 1 and higher is preferred
Project paybacks of 3.0 or less require 4 to 1 ratios
Inefficient equipment translates to higher thermal savings
Exhaust heat recovery is typically 95 to 98 percent efficient
Auxiliary firing is 100% efficient higher thermal load to offset, better economics

Operations and Maintenance

Overhauls and specialty maintenance required at regular intervals


Manufactures typically offer long-term maintenance services agreements
Exhaust clean-up equipment requires annual services and catalyst replacements every
3 to 5 years
Auxiliary equipment can reduce net output by 1 to 6 percent of nameplate rating
Stand-by power (how much and determination method)

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Items to Watch

Emissions
Non-attainment (usually 10 ppmvd or less on NOx)
NOx abatement/exhaust clean-up required

Water Injection
Steam Injection
DLE (catalytic combustion)
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR)

Permitting standards

State of the Art (SOTA)


Maximum Available Control Technology (MACT)
Best Available Control Technology (BACT)
Lowest Achievable Emissions Rate (LAER)

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Items to Watch

Electric Interconnection
Utility Side of the Meter

Utility interconnection can be costly and lengthy to complete


Utility interconnection standards, procedures, and fees vary
IEE is developing a technical standard for interconnection
FERC has an ANOPR in review for standard procedures and fees
Does the state have a net metering protocol or regulation

Customer Side of the Meter (insdie the fence,parallel operation)

Utility typically requires reverse current protection


Power quality standards are required for parallel operation
Stand-by power is usually required
Does the state have net metering protocol or regulation
Loss of utility power can require generator protection or customer load
shedding

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Items to Watch

Fuel Supply
Liquid Fuels
Viscosity and heating value
Sulfur and other contaminants
Supply volumes and on-site storage

Gaseous Fuels
Supply pressure GT typically require 200 to 250 psig
Low pressure gas requires a compressor increases capital expense
and annual operating costs
Adequate volume and delivery system available from LDC
Gas quality and heating value should be evaluated
Gas temperature available
Interruptible gas supply dual fuel unit may be required

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Items to Watch

System Integration/Design of CHP System


Electric System

Swings in electric load


Largest single electric load
Unbalanced circuits
Power quality required

Thermal System
Sudden changes in steam or thermal fluid flows
Required steam pressures GT systems are easier to integrate with
high pressure steam systems and high temperature thermal fluids
Back-up of thermal systems during GT preventative maintenance

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Vericor Power Systems Overview

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AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Vericor Power Systems within


DaimlerChrysler
DaimlerChrysler
Inc.

Power Systems

MTU Friedrichhafen

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MTU Aero Engines

Detroit Diesel

Vericor Power Systems

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Gas Turbine Heritage


Aero Base

Industrial Derivative

Advantages

Chinook

T55

ASE50
(3.6 MW)

US Navy LCAC

ASE40
(3.1 MW)
TF40

Boeing 757

CP331
Jetstream 31

ASE8
(521 kW)

TPE331

FAA Certified - 30+ years


Multi-Shaft Engine
Configuration
Cold-end Shaft Drive
Rugged Military Propulsion
Design
High Efficiency Centrifugal
Compressor
Advanced Materials - Inconel &
Titanium
Highest Output Efficiency In
Size Class
High Reliability and Cycle
Tolerance
On-going Govt. Technology
Infusion

FAA Certified - 30+ Years


High Efficiency Centrifugal
Compressor
Advanced Materials Inconel & Titanium
High Reliability and Cycle
Tolerance

Proven Ruggedness, Reliability and Efficiency


Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Industrial Gas Turbine Specifications


ASE8
Gas

Oil

ASE40
Gas

Oil

ASE50
Gas

Oil

Simple Cycle Performance


Output
Fuel Flow
Fuel Flow
Heat Rate

kW
lb/h
kg/h
MMBtu/h (LHV)
106 kJ/h (LHV)
Btu/kWh (LHV)
kJ/kWh (LHV)

521
412
187
8.5
8.9
16,252
17,142
21.0%

503
454
206
8.3
8.8
16,519
17,424
20.7%

3,286
1,930
877
39.7
41.8
12,071
12,732
28.3%

3,188
2,109
958
38.6
40.8
12,107
12,771
28.1%

3,776
2,049
931
42.1
44.4
11,151
12,762
30.6%

3,620
2,225
1,011
40.7
42.9
11,246
11,862
30.4%

kW
lb/h
kg/h
MMBtu/h (LHV)
106 kJ/h (LHV)
Btu/kWh (LHV)
kJ/kWh (LHV)

504
409
186
8.4
8.9
16,644
17,556
20.5%
7.9
3.6
925
496

487
451
205
8.3
8.7
16,932
17,860
20.2%
7.9
3.6
925
496

3,028
1,916
871
39.4
41.5
12,999
13,711
26.3%
28.1
12.8
1,118
603

2,937
2,093
951
38.3
40.4
13,044
13,759
26.2%
27.9
12.7
1,119
604

3,482
2,033
924
41.8
44.1
12,001
12,659
28.4%
30.9
14.0
1,053
567

3,335
2,207
1,003
40.4
42.6
12,114
12,778
28.2%
30.5
13.9
1,057
569

Efficiency

CHP Performance
Output
Fuel Flow
Fuel Flow
Heat Rate
Efficiency
Exhaust Flow
Exhaust
Temperature

Notes

Nominal Fuel Gas Pressurpsig (kg/cm 2)

ISO C 59 oF (15oC), 60% Relative Humidity, Sea Level


Duct L Simple Cycle:
CHP Cycle:

Inlet
Exhaust
Inlet
Exhaust

0" H20 (0 mm H 20)


0" H20 (0 mm H 20)
3" H20 (76.2 mm H 20)
7" H20 (177.8 mm H 20)

Gener 60 Hz, 4160V (480V for ASE8)


Fuel HNatural Gas
Value (LHV)
Distillate Oil

20,548
(47,786
18,300
(42,558

lb/s
kg/s
o
F
o
C

Btu/lb
kJ/kg)
Btu/lbm
kJ/kg)

200 (14.06)

200 (14.06)

4,500
2,045
10,000
4,545
5.4
5.7
16,000
7,273
11.5
12.1
21,000
9,545
16.7
17.6

21,700
9,864
35,000
15,909
13.5
14.2
60,000
27,273
39.0
41.1
80,000
36,364
59.5
62.8

22,200
10,091
40,000
18,182
18.1
19.1
65,000
29,545
43.5
45.9
85,000
38,636
64.1
67.6

Steam Generation
Unfired
Fired to 1,600 oF
Duct Burner
Fuel Flow
Fired to 2,200 oF

Steam 150 psig (1034 kPa), Saturated

Duct Burner
Fuel Flow
Fully Fired

All information shown above is provided as estimated data for informational


purposes only.Please contact Vericor Power Systems for data specific to
your particular application.

Duct Burner
Fuel Flow

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

200 (14.06)

lb/h
kg/h
lb/h
kg/h
MMBtu/h (LHV)
106 kJ/h (LHV)
lb/h
kg/h
MMBtu/h (LHV)
106 kJ/h (LHV)
lb/h
kg/h
MMBtu/h (LHV)
106 kJ/h (LHV)

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

VPS GTG Base Bid Package

Gas Turbine
Generator
Speed Reduction Gear Box
Inlet Filter
Sound Attenuating Enclosure
Engine Overspeed Trip
Start System
Lube Oil System
Turbine Control
Enclosure Fire System
Fire/Gas Leak Monitor

Natural Gas Fired


Steel Skid

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AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

VPS GTG Base Bid Options

Generator Control
480 VAC MCC
UPS (for PLC and Generator
Control Panel)
HMI
Auxiliary Transformer
DC Battery and Charger
Stack and Silencer
Natural Gas Detection
Distillate Oil Fired
Dual Fuel
PLC GT and Generator Control
Panel
High Voltage Switchgear

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AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

VPS GTG Package with Optional Control


Building

Skid Mounted Control Panel to


House

Fire Suppression (CO2)


Fire and Natural Gas Detection
PLC for GT and Generator
AC/DC Distribution Panel
480 VAC MCC
HMI
UPS

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

ASE40 Gas Turbine

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Worldwide Industrial Gas Turbine Presence

Scandinavia - 15

Canada - 2
U.K. - 16
US - 73
Alaska - 34

Asia - 212

Europe - 49

Gulf of
Mexico - 53

North
Africa - 37

Middle East - 25

Fleet of 516 Industrial Gas Turbines Worldwide


Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Vericor Power Systems


Customer Driven Solutions
Complete off-book treatment of assets
Requirements contract (take-if-required)
Guaranteed savings over utility pricing
Out-year energy price risk mitigation

OnsitePower

Leased solutions, allowing end-users to


buy spot gas and share risk

Complete Solution

Power generation turnkey systems from


3MW to 14MW power and up to 340,000
lb/h steam

Turnkey System

VPS3 and VPS4 generator sets based on


Honeywell's rugged and proven
aeroderivative industrial gas turbines
ASE40 (3MW) and ASE50 (3.5MW)

Land

Electricity Steam

Fuel Financing O&M

Generator
Equipment Package

24 Hour Customer Support, Worldwide After-Market Support and Parts Distribution Network
Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Generator Equipment Package


Generator Equipment Package
at Quebecor Printing Nevada Inc.
VPS3 genset with ASE40 gas turbine
Steam load is 50,000 lb/hr (HRSG fired)
Electrical load is 2.7 MW (continuous
duty, 95% annual)
Fuel is natural gas
Elevation 4,200 ft
Emission abatement through water injection
Inlet air misting system to cool during
hot summer days
Developed by Quantum Dynamics Inc.
Financed by Energy Service Credit
Corporation
Began commercial service October 2000

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Generator Equipment Package


Generator Equipment Package
at SierraPine Ltd.
2 X VPS3 genset with ASE40 gas turbine
Exhaust heat utilized in drying application
Electrical load is 5.8 MW (continuous
duty, 95% annual)
Fuel is natural gas
Elevation 500 ft
Emission abatement through water injection
Inlet air misting system to cool during
hot summer days
Developed by Westec America Inc.
Began commercial service August 2001

Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting

Vericor Power Systems


3625 Brookside Pkwy, Ste 500
Alpharetta, GA 30022, USA
Phone: (770) 569-8808
Fax: (770) 569-7524
www.vericor.com
Vericor Power Systems LLC. All Rights Reserved 2003

AEE Atlanta Chapter, January Meeting