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Agnieszka Anna Mis


PHL-G101-3305-Fall2015-Intro to
Philosophy
Final Exam
12/13/15 6:31 PM
12/13/15 7:28 PM
12/16/15 11:59 PM
Completed
196 out of 200 points
57 minutes out of 1 hour and 30
minutes

Save your work regularly.

Question 1

4 out of 4 points

The ethical theory that proposes all actions should promote the
greatest happiness and least amount of suffering for the greatest
number of people is:
Answer
s:

1.

utilitarianism.
2.

deontology.
3.

divine command
theory.
4.

existential ethics.
5.

virtue ethics.
Question 2

4 out of 4 points

For Camus, finding meaning in life is impossible.


Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e

Question 3

4 out of 4 points

For Kant, moral maxims focus on the content, consequences, and


intentions of actions.
Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e
Question 4

4 out of 4 points

The ethical theory that focuses on the ends of actions rather than the
means of actions is:
Answer 1.
s:
virtue

ethics.

2.

consequential
ism.
3.

none of the
above
4.

all of the
above
5.

deontology.
Question 5

4 out of 4 points

Who argued that to be virtuous is to seek the "Golden Mean?"


Answer
s:

1.

Aristotl
e
2.

Kant
3.

Sartre

4.

Bentha
m
5.

Rand
Question 6

4 out of 4 points

Belief in libertarianism allows people to avoid responsibility for their


actions.
Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e

Question 7
4 out of 4 points

The view that freedom is an illusion and every event in the universe,
including human actions, is brought about by previous events in
accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe is:
Answer 1.
s:
none

of the
above.
2.

compatibilism.
3.

determinism.
4.

incompatibilis
m.
5.

indeterminism
.

Question 8
4 out of 4 points

The view of freedom that argues that some human actions are free if
they are a result of internal motivations and not the product of

external causes or influences is:


Answer 1.
s:
libertarianism

.
2.

indeterminis
m.
3.

determinism.
4.

none of the
above
5.

compatibilism
.
Question 9

4 out of 4 points

Belief in determinism prevents people from becoming better persons.


Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 10

4 out of 4 points

The view of freedom that argues that humans are able to make
authentically free choices that are not determined by previous events
in accordance with the natural laws that govern the universe is:
Answer 1.
s:
compatibilism

.
2.

indeterminis
m.
3.

libertarianism
.

4.

determinism.
5.

none of the
above
Question 11

4 out of 4 points

Phenomenology attempts to clarify our understanding of experience


and how we experience the world.
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 12
4 out of 4 points

According to Plato, the soul consists of:


Answer 1.
s:
physical

appetite.
2.

none of the
above
3.

reason.
4.

all of the
above
5.

spirit.

Question 13
4 out of 4 points

Phenomenologists argue that the self is purely physical.


Answer 1.
s:
Tru

e
2.

Fals
e
Question 14

4 out of 4 points

Kant argues that the self transcends the senses and unifies our
experiences.
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e
Question 15

4 out of 4 points

Eliminative materialists argue that the self consists of mental and


physical components.
Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e

Question 16
4 out of 4 points

Religion can provide a framework for human life. Of the following,


what kinds of question can religion answer?
Answer 1.
s:
What

is my destiny?

2.

What is the meaning and purpose


of my life?
3.

What happens when I die?


4.

All of the above


5.

How ought I to conduct my life?


Question 17

4 out of 4 points

A theodicy is a defense of the justness or goodness of God in the face


of doubts or objections arising from the problem of evil.
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 18
4 out of 4 points

For Judaism, devotion and obedience to Yahweh will result in special


consideration and protection.
Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 19
4 out of 4 points

Of the following, which religion does not believe in a transcendent


being or beings?
Answer 1.
s:
Christian

ity
2.

Hinduism
3.

Islam
4.

Buddhis

m
5.

Judaism

Question 20
4 out of 4 points

For Buddhists, all suffering emanates from desire.


Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 21
4 out of 4 points

The epistemological view that knowledge is impossible is:


Answer 1.
s:
empiricism.
2.

constructivis
m.
3.

skepticism.
4.

rationalism.
5.

none on the
above

Question 22
4 out of 4 points

The epistemological view that all knowledge is derived through sense


experience is:
Answer 1.
s:
constructivis

m.
2.

empiricism.

3.

rationalism.
4.

skepticism.
5.

none on the
above

Question 23
4 out of 4 points

Rationalists argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge.


Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 24
4 out of 4 points

It is not possible to develop informed beliefs through critical thinking.


Answer 1.
s:
Tru

e
2.

Fals
e

Question 25
4 out of 4 points

The epistemological view that knowledge is derived from rational


intuition and sense experience is:
Answer 1.
s:
none

on the
above
2.

rationalism.
3.

skepticism.

4.

constructivis
m.
5.

empiricism.
Question 26

4 out of 4 points

Arte is the Greek word for:


Answer 1.
s:
knowledge.
2.

happiness.
3.

all of the
above
4.

virtue.
5.

soul.
Question 27

4 out of 4 points

Socrates believed that "it was better to suffer wickedness than to


commit it."
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 28
4 out of 4 points

Parmenides argued that reality is changing.


Answer 1.
s:
Tru

e
2.

Fals
e
Question 29

4 out of 4 points

Socrates believed that "no one unknowingly does evil."


Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e
Question 30

4 out of 4 points

The sophists exhibited which of the following characteristics:


Answer
s:

1.

all of the
above
2.

relativism.
3.

pragmatism
.
4.

skepticism.
5.

egotism.
Question 31

4 out of 4 points

Metaphysicians concern themselves with questions such as: whether


reality is many or one, what is the nature of reality, and what is time
and space?
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals

e
Question 32

4 out of 4 points

Who claimed form is a reality itself?


Answer 1.
s:
Descarte

s
2.

Plato
3.

Parmeni
des
4.

Heraclitu
s
5.

Aristotle

Question 33
4 out of 4 points

What did Descartes hope to prove through the method of doubt?


Answer 1.
s:
knowledge

is

relative
2.

knowledge is
impossible
3.

all of the above


4.

knowledge is
possible
5.

none of the above

Question 34
4 out of 4 points

Epistemologists concern themselves with questions such as: what is

truth and can we have genuine knowledge?


Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 35
4 out of 4 points

__________ represent an interpretation, evaluation, conclusion, or


prediction about the world we endorse as true.
Answer 1.
s:
Physical

objects
2.

Effects
3.

Forms
4.

Beliefs
5.

Causes

Question 36
4 out of 4 points

Who argued that humans are fundamentally predisposed to


selfishness and "state of nature," and when unrestrained by laws,
leads to chaos?
Answer 1.
s:
Locke
2.

Aristotl
e
3.

Plato
4.

Confuci
us

5.

Hobbes

Question 37
4 out of 4 points

Who argued that a reconsideration of traditional gender roles is


necessary so we can develop a more just and fair society?
Answer 1.
s:
Aristotle
2.

Hobbes
3.

Plato
4.

all of the
above
5.

Okin

Question 38
4 out of 4 points

Which of the following concepts must be considered when defining an


ideal just society?
Answer 1.
s:
Justice
2.

Freedom
3.

Rights
4.

Duty
5.

All of the
above

Question 39
4 out of 4 points

For Aristotle, living in society is unnatural.


Answer 1.

s:

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 40
4 out of 4 points

Who believed that humans are governed by natural laws and entitled
to inalienable rights, such as the right to life, liberty, health, and
property?
Answer 1.
s:
Confuci

us
2.

Rawls
3.

Locke
4.

Plato
5.

Hobbes

Question 41
0 out of 4 points

The ethical theory in which the individual determines what is right


and wrong based on how the feel is:
Answer 1.
s:
normative

ethics.
2.

cultural
relativism.
3.

ethical
determinism.
4.

descriptive
ethics.

5.

ethical
subjectivism.
Question 42

4 out of 4 points

For Rand, altruism and compassion are virtues.


Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e
Question 43

4 out of 4 points

Ethical subjectivism is a recipe for moral anarchy.


Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 44
4 out of 4 points

Natural Law ethics is the view that universal moral values can be
discovered in nature by using the faculty of reason.
Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Question 45
4 out of 4 points

There is no difference between studying morality and being a moral


person.

Answer 1.
s:
Tru

e
2.

Fals
e
Question 46

4 out of 4 points

The branch of philosophy that studies beauty, art and, taste is:
Answer 1.
s:
metaphys

ics.
2.

aesthetics
.
3.

ethics.
4.

logic.
5.

B and C
Question 47

4 out of 4 points

The structure of an argument is a group of statements in which there


are certain statements offered in support of another statement.
Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e
Question 48

4 out of 4 points

Russell argued that there is absolutely no "value" in studying


philosophy.
Answer
s:

1.

Fals
e
2.

Tru
e
Question 49

4 out of 4 points

Studying philosophy allows one to confront deeper questions of the


world and life.
Answer
s:

1.

Tru
e
2.

Fals
e

Question 50
4 out of 4 points

Philosophy helps students enrich their understanding of the world and


their own lives
Answer 1.
s:
Fals

e
2.

Tru
e

Sunday, December 13, 2015 7:28:56 PM EST