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# Mobile Communication (404189)

## Teaching Scheme: Lectures: 4Hrs/

Week
Examination Scheme:
In Semester Assessment:
Phase I : 30
End Semester Examination:
Phase II: 70

## "Proper Planning Prevents Poor

Performance."
Attendance
Dress
Seating
Late coming
Notes
Allied Activities
e.g. Drinking H2O, Talking, etc.
Questions
Lap-Top
MATLAB
Append Only
Copying

1
2
3
4

Unit I :
Telecommunication Switching &
Traffic 8L
1.0

Telecommunication switching:

Message switching
Circuit switching
Manual switching
Electronic Switching
1.5 Digital switching:
1.6 Switching functions
1.7 Telecommunication Traffic:
1.8 Unit of Traffic
1.9 Traffic measurement
1.10 A mathematical model
1.11 Lost-call Systems:
1.12 Theory
1.13 Traffic performance
1.14 Loss systems in tandem
1.15 Traffic tables

1.16
1.17
1.18
1.19
1.20

Queuing Systems:
Erlang Distribution
Probability of delay
Finite queue capacity
Systems with a single
server
1.21 Queues in tandem
1.22 Delay tables and application
of Delay formulae.

Unit II:
Switching Networks and Signaling
8L
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4

systems

## Time Division Switching:

2.5 Space and time switching
2.6 Time division switching
networks
2.7 Synchronization
2.8 Call processing Functions
2.9 Common Control
2.10 Reliability
2.11 Availability
2.12 Security
Signaling:
2.13 Customer line signaling

## 2.14 FDM carrier systems

2.15 PCM signaling
2.16 Inter-register signaling
2.17 Common channel signaling
principles
2.18 CCITT signaling No. 6
2.19 CCITT signaling No. 7
2.20 Digital customer line
signaling.

## Unit III: Cellular Concepts

6L
Evolution of Wireless systems
Cellular telephone system
3
4
5
6

Frequency reuse
Channel Assignment
Handoff strategies
Cell Splitting

Propagation Mechanism:
7
8
9
10

Reflection
Diffraction
Scattering

11
12

## Small scale multipath

propagation
Impulse response model of
multipath channel

## Multiple Access Techniques

13 TDMA
14 FDMA
15 CDMA

Unit IV:
First and Second Generation Mobile
Systems6L
First Generation Cellular Systems
16

AMPS

17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

## Basic GSM Architecture

parameters in GSM system
Logical Channels
GSM time hierarchy
GSM burst structure
Description of call setup
procedure
Handover
Modifications and derivatives
of GSM

Unit V:
GSM Services

8L

25
26

GMSK modulation

decoding

Data Services
27

28

Switched Data)

29

Service)

30

## EDGE (Enhanced Data rate for

GSM
Evolution)

Unit VI :
CDMA Based Mobile Systems

8L

## Motivation for CDMA use

schemes
IS-95 system:
31 Frequency Range
34 Power control
3G mobile systems:
W-CDMA (Wideband CDMA)
CDMA-2000

## Lab Practice - III (404193)

Mobile Communication
&
Teaching Scheme:
Practical: 4 Hrs/week
Examination Scheme:
Oral:
Term Work:

50Marks
50Marks

Mobile Communication

1.

## Experiment on TST switch

56593

SPC Signalin

Cont
rol

g
Messag
e

2.

Experiment on analysis of
Telecommunication traffic

3. Simulation of a wireless
channel model
Channel refers to the path between
it may be wired or wireless.
Channel model refers to the
mathematical equation describing
the channel behavior between the
TWO main types of channels
35 time invariant channel
36 time varying channel
Gaussian Noise (AWGN), Rayleigh
and Rician, etc. are used by
communication design engineer for
the purpose validating transmitter
http://in.mathworks.com/help/comm/
examples/ieee-802-11n-channelmodels.html

4.

## Experiment on Mobile phone

An antenna
A liquid crystal display (LCD)
A keyboard
A microphone
A speaker
A battery

5.

Experiment on GSM

BSS

BSS
MSC

HLR
VLR
EIR
A
C

STP
PSTN

SS7

Wireline
terminal

## AC = authentication center MSC = mobile switching center

PSTN = public switched telephone network
BSS = base station subsystem
STP = signal transfer point
EIR = equipment identity register
HLR = home location registerVLR = visitor location register

6.

Experiment on AT commands

## "AT" meaning 'attention'

Commands for communication between
Modems
Command set has four groups
1. Basic Command Set
2. Extended Command Set
3. Proprietary Command Set
- Vary widely among modem
Manufacturers
4. Register Commands

7.

Simulation of Speech
Coding and Decoding

## Speech coding uses speech-specific

parameter estimation using audio
signal processing techniques to
model the speech signal, combined
with generic data compression
algorithms to represent the
resulting modeled parameters in a
compact bit stream.

8.

## Gaussian Minimum Shift Keying is a

continuous-phase Frequency Shift
Keying modulation scheme.
It is similar to standard Minimum
Shift Keying (MSK); however the
digital data stream is first
shaped with a Gaussian filter
before being applied to a
frequency modulator.
This has the advantage of reducing
sideband power, which in turn
reduces out-of-band interference
between signal carriers in
GMSK increases the modulation
memory in the system and causes
Inter Symbol Interference.
GMSK has high spectral efficiency,
but it needs a higher power level
than QPSK, in order to reliably
transmit the same amount of data.

Sequences
originally built for the military.
The aim of spread Spectrum systems
was to hide the fact that digital
transmission was taking place, to
Make the transmission difficult to
intercept and to make it robust
against intentional jamming.
- m-sequences
- Gold and Kasami sequences
- Walsh sequences

## 11. Experiment on 3G Mobile

Third generation of mobile
telecommunications technology
based on a set of standards used
for mobile devices and mobile
telecommunication services and
networks that comply with the
International Mobile
Telecommunications-2000 (IMT-2000)
specifications by the
International Telecommunication
Union (ITU)

## 12. Experiment on VOIP

implementation
VOIP
A methodology for the delivery of
voice communications and
multimedia sessions over Internet
Protocol (IP) networks

13. Visit to
Mobile Telephone Switching Office
(MTSO)
MTSO Contains the switching
equipment for routing mobile phone
calls by controlling the cell
sites that are connected to the
MSC
Switching equipment is called
Mobile Switching Center (MSC)

Text Books
1. J. E. Flood ,
Telecommunications Switching,
Traffic and Networks
Pearson Education
1. Krzysztof Wesolowski, eBook
available
Mobile Communication
Systems,
Wiley Student Edition
Reference Books
2. Theodore S Rappaport, eBook
available
Wireless Communications
Principles and Practice
Pearson Education
3. John C. Bellamy,
available
Digital Telephony,
Wiley Publications

eBook

4. Thiagarajan Vishwanathan,
Telecommunication Switching
Systems and Networks;
PHI Publications
5. Wayne Tomasi,
Electronic Communications
Systems; Pearson Education
6. Vijay K Garg, Joseph E
Wilkes,
Principles and Applications
of GSM
Pearson Education
7. Vijay K Garg, Joseph E Wilkes,
IS-95 CDMA and CDMA 2000
Cellular/PCS Systems
Implementation
Pearson Education
8. Mischa Schwartz,
eBook available
Mobile Wireless
Communications, Cambridge
University Press

## TELETRAFFIC ENGINEERING HANDBOOK

Technical University of Denmark

Course Objectives:
To learn and understand the
basic principles of
Telecommunication switching,
traffic and networks
To learn and understand basic
concepts of cellular system,
wireless propagation and the
techniques used to maximize the
capacity of cellular network.
To learn and understand
architecture of GSM and CDMA
system.
To understand mobile
management, voice signal
processing and coding in GSM and
CDMA system

Course Outcomes:
After successfully completing the
course students will be able to
Explain and apply the concepts
telecommunication switching,
traffic and networks
Analyze the telecommunication
traffic.