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DISCLOSURE

of DIRECTORS of PT PLN
(Persero) number: 605
K/DIR/2010 date : December 09,
2010

BOOK 4
CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS OF
DISTRIBUTION SUBSTATION &
CONNECTING SUBSTATION

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

Author :
Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate Distribution Network power,
Organized by :
Working Groups Standard construction spending Disribusi Network electric power and
Central laboratory Science and Technology University of Indonesia
The Team Manager :
Director of Operation Java and Bali
Director of Operation West Indonesia
Director of Operation Eastern Indonesia
The Team Manager :
The Head of the Division Distribution and Customer Service Java and Bali
The Head of the Division Distribution and Customer Service West Indonesia
The Head of the Division Distribution and Customer Service Eastern Indonesia
Working Groups Standard construction spending Disribusi Network power :
Ratno Wibowo, Winayu Siswanto, Parluhutan Samosir, Hedy Nugroho, Agus Bactar Azis,
Adi Subagio, Pedi is Ryan Sumanto, Tumpal Hutapea, Gunawan, GRANDMA, Hendie Prasetyono,
I Made Latera, Sumaryono, Novalince Pamuso, Riyanto, Antonius HP,
Sunaryo, Sugeng Riyadi, Kurnia, Joko Pitoyo, r. Hikmat Prihadi,
Ngurah Suwena, Elphis Sinabela, Andhy Prasetyo,
Ketut good Darmayuda, Agus Prasetyo.

Source:
PT PLN (Persero) Distribution Central Java Bali, PT PLN (Persero) Distribution West Indonesia,
PT PLN (Persero) East Indonesia, PT PLN (Persero) Exploration Engginering,
PT PLN (Persero) Center's Development and Electricity.
PT PLN (Persero) Center for Education and Training
Published by :
PTPLN(PERSERO)
Trunojoyo Street Block M-I/135, Kebayoran Baru
South Jakarta

PT PLN (PERSERO)

DECREE of the board of directors PT PLN


(PERSERO) number: 605 .K/DIR/2010

ABOUT
The announcement STANDARD CONSTRUCTION
DISTRIBUTION and DUMP CORRELATE ELECTRIC POWER
DIRECTORS of PT PLN (PERSERO)
Take into account : A. that to operate distribution network energy efficient,
Reliable, good-quality construction, distribution and dump correlate must wake up
and you) in truth and the safety appropriate method where they will learn about
electricity.
b.
That In order to provide construction distribution and dump correlate that
Referred
to
in
letter
is a
above,
it
needed
Construction standardization distribution and dump correlate that applied in
All Unit PT PLN (Persero);
c.
That In order to provide a common on safety construction executors Substation
Distribution and referred to in letter interrelationship b above,
So it is considered necessary determination construction standards and
distribution
Substation
Substation Correlate electric power.
d.
That The Announcement Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate
As stipulated in power with a capital c, it is important to keep in nominated
The Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero).
Remember

: 1.
Law Rl Number 19 of 2003 on State-Owned Enterprises.
2. Law Rl No. 40/2007 about limited company.
3. Law Rl Number 30 Year 2009 on Electricity.
4. Government regulation Rl Number 10 Year 1989 about Provision and use of
electric power that has been amended by Government regulation Rl Number 3 in
2005 and the Government regulation Rl Number 26 in 2006.
5. Government regulation Rl Number 23 Year 1994 on Devolution form Public
Company (Perum) State-owned electricity company To be the company
(Persero);
6. Government regulation Rl Number 45 Year 2005 concerning The establishment,
and the Dissolution, the Supervision arrangements for State-Owned Enterprises.
7. Association for PT PLN (Persero);
8. Through the issuance of Trade Minister State Owned Enterprises Number
58/MBU/2008 jo Owned Enterprises Minister of State Number CONCERNING252/MBU/2009 about Railway Station and Appointing members of the members
of the Board of Directors Company (Persero) PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara .
9. Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number 001 K/030/DIR/1994
about The rules relating to the transfer of Legal form:
10. Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number 021
K/0599/DIR/1995 on guidelines and Guide Administration Client.
11. Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number 074 K/DIR/2007
about the Asset Management Distribution system.
12 Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number 034 K/DIR/2009 about
Restrictions decision-making authority in PT PLN (Persero).
13. Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number 017 K/DIR/2010
concerning Organization and Management Safety PT PLN (Persero) that has
been amended by Decree of the Board of Directors PT PLN (Persero) Number
055 K/DIR/2010.
DECIDE: ...

DECIDE:
Set

: DECREE of the board of directors PT PLN (PERSERO) on the STIPULATION STANDARD


CONSTRUCTION DISTRIBUTION and DUMP CORRELATE electric power.

The first

Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power arranged in Book 4
as stipulated in the attachment this decision and is the part that can not be separated
from the decision.

BOTH

Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate power as stipulated in the first
Diktum, ordered Criteria on where they will learn about construction Design Distribution
Network electric power in the Book 1 with implementing condition of all distribution
system that used throughout Unit PT PLN (Persero) and construction distribution network
that has been implemented in PT PLN (Persero).

THIRD

For the region/the area that is not possible to apply Standard construction Distribution
and Dump Correlate power as stipulated in the first Diktum, Unit Mother be allowed to
make Standard modification construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power
as needed to do not turn aside from The criteria where they will learn about the book 1
and set up by Manager of Planning / Manager of Distribution/Manager transmission and
distribution / techniques and reported to PT PLN (Persero) Head Office.

The FOUR

For the implementation of the application construction standards and distribution


Substation Correlate electric power, it is necessary to be done socialization to all PT PLN
(Persero) units Distribution Executive power by a team which was established by Decree
of the Board of Directors, who will examine inputs when implementation to
penyempumaanya.

FIFTH

Based on-based on another about the Standard construction Distribution and Dump
Correlate electric power as long as it is not opposed to this decision, still can be used.

This decision starts to be effective as from the date set.


Set on the date

In Jakarta

09 Desenfeer 2010
A tour PAGE,

'AN ISKAN

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

CONTENT
CONTENT ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ................................... ... .................. .................. .................. ... ...................

TABLE LISTING ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ........................................ ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ....

My picture... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ................................................. ... ... ..... Vii
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK TERMINOLOGY power ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ................................... Xi
NUMBERING system PICTURE... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ............................................... Xv
The PREFACE... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ................................................ Xvii
CHAPTERS I. GENERAL DESCRIPTION ..............................................................................

KEP.I.1 /Substation pole ..........................................................................................

1.1.1

Substation Portal ...........................................................................................

1.1.2

Substation hook ............................................................................................

1.1.3

Substation concrete .......................................................................................

1.1.4

Substation Kiosks ..........................................................................................

1.1.5

Substation Customer General ...........................................................................

1.1.6

Substation specific Customer ............................................................................

1.1.7

Substation Correlate ......................................................................................

This chapter II. MAIN COMPONENTS and construction material SPECIFICATIONS .......................

II.1. Main components construction distribution Substation ................................................

11.1.1.

Transformer Distribution phase 3 ..............................................................

11.1.2.

Transformators Completely Self-Protected ( CSP) .........................................

11.1.3.

PHB side Medium-voltage (PHB CE) .........................................................

11.1.3.1.

Barrier - Disconnectng Switch (DS) ..............................................

11.1.3.2.

Policy makers Load - Load Break switch (LBS) ..........................

11.1.3.3.

Policy makers power - a Circuit Breaker (CB) ............................

11.1.3.4.

LBS - TP (Transformers Protecton) ...............................................

11.1.4. PHB with low-voltage (PHB - TR) .............................................................

11.1.4.1.

No Fuse Breaker (NFB) ............................................................

11.1.4.2.

Safeguards Heat (fuse) .............................................................

11.1.4.2.1.

Atonement for minor sins Tube Semi-Open ......................

11.1.4.2.2.

Atonement for minor sins Tube Closed (tpe NH or NT) ........

11.1.5. Measuring equipment ........................................................................... 10

. PLN
(PERSERO) 1st
Edition in 2010

11.1.5.1.

Transformer voltage - Potental Transformer (PT) .............................. 10

11.1.5.2.

Current transformer - Current Transformer (CT) ......................... 10

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

11.1.6. Equipment switching and Safeguard Medium-voltage side ..................... 10


11.1.6.1.

Fused Cut out (FCO) ............................................................... 10

11.1.6.2.

Penangkal Petir Arrester (LA) ................................................ 11

11.1.7. Connector ........................................................................................... 11


This chapter III. CONSTRUCTION OF SUBSTATION CONCRETE ............................................ 13
111.1. Standard layout (lay out ) .............. ..................................................... ........ 13
111.1.1.

Based on Ventlasi ........................................................................... 14

111.1.2.

Based on Ketnggian Face floor ....................................................... 14

111.2. Construction Installing Substation concrete ................................................. 14


111.2.1.

Construction Supporting construction (Mechanical) ........................... 15

111.2.2.

Substation Concrete specific Customer .............................................. 15

111.3. Installation .......................... ........................................................................ 15


111.3.1.

Transportation ................................................................................. 15

111.3.2.

On-line Kubikel Above cable channels Substation .............................. 16

111.3.3.

The electrical Conductor grounding resistance ................................... 16

111.3.4.

Electrical Installation ........................................................................ 16

111.3.5.

Heater and Installing Lighting Substation .......................................... 16

111.3.6.

Ground Fault Detector (GFD) ........................................................... 16

111.3.7.

Installation SKTM with Kubikel ........................................................... 16


111.3.7.1.

Prisoners isolation and The sequence phase ....................... 16

111.3.7.2.

Installing cable Terminal ..................................................... 16

111.3.7.3.

Installing Transformer Distribution ...................................... 17

111.3.8.

Installing shelves PHB TR ................................................................... 17

111.3.9.

Installing cable power and control cable ............................................. 17

111.3.10.

Installing cable Terminal 20 kV in RMU ............................................ 18

111.3.11.

Installing Electrode grounding resistance ....................................... 18

111.4. The construction Substation concrete .......................................... ................ 18


111.4.1.

Preparations for construction ............................................................. 18

111.4.2.

Handling Transportation ................................................................... 19

111.4.3.

Marking and Prasast Substation ....................................................... 20

111.4.4.

The Finishing (Finishing) .................................................................. 20

Chapter IV. SUBSTATION POLE CONSTRUCTION................................................................ 21


IV.1. Free Space Constraints (Right of Way) safe distance (Safety Distance ) ..... ... 21
V. iv.2 ).. It Regulates equipment Substation pole ................................ ................. 21

. PLN
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Edition in 2010

Ii

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

IV.2.2. Equipment Correlate and protection ............................................... 21


IV.3. Type of construction Substation pole .............................................. ..........
.......................................................22
IV.3.1. Substation portal ......................................................................... 22
IV.3.1.1. Substation portal 50 kVA- 100 kVA, 2 majoring in TR ............ 22
IV.3.1.2. Substation portal 160-400 kVA, 4 majoring in TR ................. 22
IV.3.1.3. Substation portal specific Customer .................................... 22
IV.3.1.3.1. Substation portal SKTM .................................. 22
IV.3.1.3.1.1. Substation Portal SKTM antenna .................. 22
IV.3.1.3.1.2. Substation portal RMU /Modular ................ 22
IV.3.2. Substation hook .......................................................................... 22
IV.3.2.1. Hook relay 3 wire system ................................................. 22
IV.3.2.2. Hook relay System 4 wire ................................................. 23
IV.4. The construction ..................................................................................... 23
IV.4.1. Preparation for construction and licensing process ........................... 23
IV.4.2. Handling Transportation, The Ascent to The pillar Transformer .......... 24
IV.4.3. Installation ................................................................................... 24
IV.4.3.1. Installing Transformer Distribution .................................... 24
IV.4.3.2. The electrical Conductor grounding resistance ..................... 24
IV.4.3.3. Installing cable Terminal 20 kVA in RMU ............................ 25
IV.4.3.4. Installing cable low-voltage ............................................... 25
IV.4.3.5. Marking Substation pole .................................................. 25
IV.4.3.6. The Finishing (Finishing) ................................................. 25
PICTURE CONSTRUCTION DISTRIBUTION and DUMP CORRELATE ................................... 27
GLOSARI ................................................................................................................... 117
ListofLIBRARIES ......................................................................................................... 121

. PLN
(PERSERO) 1st
Edition in 2010

Iii

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

MY table
NO table

2.1
2.2
2.3
3.1
3.2
4.1
. PLN
(PERSERO) 1st
Edition in 2010

NAME of the table

Vector Group and Transformer


It Regulates Technical PHB TR.
Limit Mistakes Tranformasi Tranformator voltage.
Installing grounding resistance in distribution Substation concrete.

The amount Torque Tightening The nuts and bolts.


Installing grounding resistance to dump Portal.

HOME

7
9
10
18
19
24
v

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

MY PICTURE
N
o.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37

Nama Gambar
Substation Portal and Draft a single line Substation Portal
Draft a single line konfgurasi n secton Substation Portal
Substation type hook
Substation concrete
Substation Kiosks
Substation Kiosks Bertngkat
Draft a single line Konfgurasi n Secton Substation Customer
General
Draft a single line Substation specific Customer
Transformer a split Distribution phase 3
Transformer CSP (Four Self Procted) can be seen your hand
becomes as large as part
Kubikel Ring Play menu (RMU)
Current transformer
Fused Cut out (FCO)
Lightng Arrester (LA)
Live Line Connector
As The placement (a lay-out) equipment distribution Substation concrete
Substation Portal
Substation Hook phase 1 and the phase 3
Diagram a single line Substation Concrete 1 Transformer
Blue Print Magazine Concrete type 1 Transformer
Sketch Installing cable CE - TR And grounding resistance Magazine
concrete
Civil Construction Substation Concrete - Column and Electrode earth
Side look Civil Construction Substation Concrete type 1 Transformer
Side look Civil Construction Substation Concrete type 1 Transformer
Front Civil Construction Substation Concrete type 1 Transformer
Draft a single line Substation Concrete type 2 Transformer
Blue Print Magazine type 2 Transformer
At the Side and home construction Civil Substation Concrete type 2
Transformer
Diagram a single line Substation Concrete For Customer CE
Blue Print Magazine Connections CE
Cable construction Tray - TR Substation Concrete Customer CE and TR
Civil Construction Air Hole Substation Concrete position As a
side
Appears to face Physical Distribution Connections CE and TR
At the Side Distribution Connections CE
Sketch Trench cable CE and TR Substation concrete
Construction Pembesian and Ditches cable CE Substation concrete

. PLN (PERSERO)
1st Edition in 2010
Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate power

Nomor
Gambar
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.5
1.6

H
al
1
2
2
3
3
3

1.7

1.8
2.1

2.2

2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.7
3.1
4.1
4.2
GD/GB/01
GD/GB/02

8
10
10
11
11
13
22
23
25
29

GD/GB/03

30

GD/GB/04
GD/GB/05
GD/GB/06
GD/GB/07
GD/GB/08
GD/GB/09

31
32
33
34
36
37

GD/GB/10

38

GD/GB/11
GD/GB/12
GD/GB/13

40
41
42

GD/GB/14

43

GD/GB/15
GD/GB/16
GD/GB/17
GD/GB/18

44
45
47
48

Vii
Electricity

N
o.
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
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52
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62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80

Nama Gambar
Construction Trench Check-in cable TR Substation concrete

Construction Trench cable CE and TR Substation concrete


Construction Electrode grounding resistance and the roof
Construction Electrode grounding resistance and the roof
Construction Installing cable CE and TR Substation Customer
Construction Installing cable CE Int Single on a dental splint
Construction Installing cable CE Int Single Sentry Post in concrete
Construction Installing cable CE Int Single Sentry Post in concrete
Construction Installing cable -TR in concrete relay

Construction Terminal Installation cable -CE on concrete relay


Installing Terminal cable -CE and cable - TR in concrete relay
Construction Platform Kubikel CE in Trench cable

Construction Golden Collar cable Substation concrete


Blue Print Magazine Concrete type 2 Transformer Without
Monogram Substation Portal SKTM
Diagram a single line Substation Portal
Monogram construction Substation type Portal With PHB -TR 4
Monogram Substation Portal with PHB TR 2 majoring in
The relationship between -TR Substation Portal
The relationship between 2 majoring in Substation Hook/Portal
Draft a single line equipment Correlate To -TR Substation Portal
The framework construction Platorm Platform Transformer with three
pillars
Monogram Substation Hook with 2 Transformer

Installing Pengkawatan at Substation Hook phase 1


Diagram a single line Substation Hook phase - 1
Monogram Substation Hook construction phase -3
Substation Hook construction phase -2 System phase - 3 wire
Substation Hook construction phase -1 with Platform Transformer
Blue Print Magazine Kiosks 1 Transformer
Sketch Transformer Kubikel CE and PHB TR Substation Kiosks
The structure and Transformer PHB -TR Substation tpe
Frame relay construction As type -F Kiosks

Construction position PHB -CE and PHB -TR


Blue Print Magazine high floor -1 Two Tranformator
A single line diagram Concrete Bertngkat
Blue Print Magazine high floor -2
Monogram Substation level 1 Transformer
Construction foundation Gadu 1 Transformer
Construction component Substation Concrete Insulation Slim
Construction component Substation Concrete Golden Collar and
Construction component Substation Concrete Klem aids
Construction component Substation Concrete Klem aids
Construction component Substation Concrete Dyna Bolt

. PLN (PERSERO)
1st Edition in 2010

Nomor
GD/GB/19
GD/GB/20
GD/GB/21
GD/GB/22
GD/GB/23
GD/GB/24
GD/GB/25
GD/GB/26
GD/GB/27
GD/GB/28
GD/GB/29
GD/GB/30
GD/GB/31
GD/GB/32
GD/P/33

GD/P/33 - A
GD/P/34
GD/P/35
GD/P/36
GD/P/37
GD/P/38
GD/P/39
GD/P/40
GD/C/41

GD/C/41 - A
GD/C/42
GD/C/43
GD/C/44
GD/GK/45
GD/GK/46
GD/GK/47
GD/GK/48
GD/GK/49
GD/GK/50
GD/GK/50-A
GD/GK/51
GD/GK/52
GD/GK/53
GD/KK/54
GD/KK/55
GD/KK/56
GD/KK/57
GD/KK/58

H
49
50
51
52
53
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
76
77
78
79
80
83
84
85
86
87
89
90
91
92
93
95
96
97
98
99

Viii

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

81

Construction component Substation concrete block


connector and U-connector

GD/KK/59

100

82
83
84
85
86

Construction components distribution Substation connector T

GD/KK/60
GD/KK/61
GD/KK/62
GD/KK/63
GD/KK/64
GD/KK/65

101
102
103
104
105
106

GD/KK/66
GD/KK/67

107
108

GD/KK/68
GD/KK/69
GD/KK/70
GD/GH/71

109
110
111
113

GD/GH/72
GD/GH/73
GD/GH/74

114
115
116

87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96

Construction component Substation Concrete L connector


Construction component Concrete Guardhouse connector

Construction component Substation Concrete a dental splint T and L


Construction component Substation Concrete cable Tray
Construction component Substation Concrete -Golden Collar
cable Support 3 Int and Int
Construction component Substation Concrete cable Support 4 C
Construction component Substation Protective Concrete cable
Trunk / Platform Vertkal cable
Construction component Substation Concrete Cross Arm UNP 10
Construction component Substation Concrete Cross Arm UNP 10
Insulator Springboard of Pin post
Diagram a single line Substation Correlate 7 cells
Kubikel Medium-voltage
Blue Print Magazine Correlate 7 cells Kubikel Medium-voltage
Blue Print Magazine Correlate ( 2 x 7 ) cells Kubikel Medium-voltage
Blue Print Magazine Correlate ( 4 x 7 ) cells Kubikel Medium-voltage

. PLN
(PERSERO) 1st
Edition in 2010

Ix

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

CONSTRUCTION TERMINOLOGY distribution network power distribution and sentry


post and DUMP CORRELATE
1. A network connection electric power: Network or installation between distribution
network power until the rail divider and measuring stick.
2. A network connection Foreign Service : part of network connection power air
passages between tang low-voltage with buildings customers.
3. Joint Check-in Service : part of network connection power plants that are in the
building customer to a veil and measuring stick.
4. The Konduktf : a capable of transmitting electricity even though refuses to conduct
must use Current service (conductve parts).
5. The Konduktf Open : part of electrical installation refuses voltage but can voltage if
there is failure isolation.
6. Current Identifying : Current operations is the basis for making electric utilities that
are listed as ID number electric utilities.
7. Current Load : Current that happened in circuit at the time electric disturbance refuses
there , which passeth identifying the Current electric utilities or protection
equipment electricity.
8. Current More : electricity tmbul due to a disturbance in electrical installation.
9. Free space constraints (Right of Way) : free space line connection electric power .
10. Safe distance : safe distance or safety distance is the distance between network
connection electric power with environment especially sciences power plants that
are considered safe.
11. Fall Voltage : Fall voltage or voltage drop is multiplying between Current Load
by impedensi between network teganga low until the APP.
12. NP-C : protection System where grounding resistance electrical conductor neutral also
function as electrical conductor grounding resistance (PE- Protectve Earthing)
13. The relationship between (PHB) : a device to share power and /or control and protect
circuit and sciences electricity includes sakelar policy makers circuit board correlate to
low-voltage and stuff.
14. PHB Page : PHB that receive power from the page consumers and inherited
throughout installing branches. The standard construction is PHB that is attached to
distribution networks and electricity lines have been master is connected.
15. PHB Branches : PHB that is branching from PHB page where connection service
connected electrical energy.
16.

. PLN
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RO) 1st
Edition
in 2010

17. Xi

18.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

16. Substation Portal : Magazine with the construction installing Substation by using
2 tang.
16.Substation Concrete : Magazine with the construction of concrete.
17. Listing IP : IP (Index Protecton) is a library information system since Listing that
shows tngkat protection which were given by selungkup from touch directly to a
dangerous/ voltage, from entering the foreign object (the first) and from water from
entering (the second one). Example : IP 44, IP 45
19.

The first :

20.

4 = Refuses in entering solid-state that more than 1 mm.

21.

The number two :

4 = Hid from the water from every direction


5 = Hid from the water in semprotkan from every direction. In 2000 in PUIL fill
these entities was IP as Internatonal Protecton.
22.

19. Direct : measurements Current Load directly from electrical conductor circuit Load.
20. Measurements did not Directly : measurements Current Load by using Current
transformer and transformer voltage.
21. Electrode Earth : The konduktf konduktf part or groups that make direct contact
and providing electricity relationship with the earth.
19.The Active Record : part that in aliri Current services and voltage (live part)
22. Electrical Conductor Earth : Electrical Conductor with a low inpedansi
fsik connecting freezing-point on a device (installing or system) with electrodes earth
(earth lightning)
20.Electrical Conductor grounding resistance
23.

A.

Electrical Conductor berinpedensi low in relate to the earth

24.

b.
Electrical Conductor protection which connects terminal pembumi
page to
Electrode earth (earthing electrode)

25. Electrical Conductor Spiral : Two or more electrical conductor who Spiraled or twisted
so one without of regional insulation including.
26. Electrical Conductor Protection (PE) : Penhantar protection from electroshock
connecting the konduktf open, the konduktf extra, the biggest grounding resistance
page electrode earth, freezing-point source that is in bumikan, or neutral made
(Protectf Lightning)
25. The Konduktf Extra : part that is konduktf the unchanging nature is from
26.

. PLN
(PERSE

RO)
1st

Edition
in 2010

27. Xii

28.
29.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

The installation and can cause potential, usually potential earth.

28. Cable Spiral : Two or more electrical conductor berisolasi in spiral or twisted so One.
29. Reach of the arms : areas that can achieve from the size of the standing without using
any means (arm' sreach)
30. Distance Free : shortest distance between the voltage with other parts that voltage or
with the part that is connected with the earth (Clearence)
31. The Current Identifying : Current is the basis for the making electric utilities (Rated
Shaft Current) Identifying The Voltage : The Great tension is the basis for the
making electric utilities (Rated Shaft voltage)
32. Load: excess Load actual or more than a full or Current ID card device protection
(overload).
33. A Full : load tertnggi that are set to condition ID card operation (full load).
34. The Page : part of a distribution network with wide-section. Air passages did not
include the cable supplier of source or distribution.
35. The Channel Grafting : part of a distribution network with wide section channels that
are smaller than the channel page
36. Circuit Branches : cable network between the two PHB that are protected by
safeguards heat, or policy makers power
37. Connector : components scarf for connection / sap tapped channel grafting (TAP
Connector).
38. A network connection Bulusan : components scarf between the two electrical
conductor (joint sleeve conditioned).
39. The Box: the tip of cable channels under the low-voltage that were on the top tang
network low-voltage.
40. The box Continued : Box scarf between cable channels under the low-voltage .
41. NFB : No Fused Breaker, switch Load that works based on electricity working on a
electromagnetc.
42. NH, NT, NF : Listing safeguards heat that is closed POR apart from types of HRC-Fuse.
43. NYY, nyfgby : cable Type according nomenlaktur cable that applied.

44.

. PLN
(PERSE
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in 2010

45.

Xiii

46.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

47.

PICTURE NUMBERING SYSTEM

Numbering System images in standard construction electric power distribution


network system applies A/B/C where :
48.

A.
Is listing the image to :
Voltage Network and Medium Enterprises (JTM)
Low-voltage network (JTR)
Substation (GD)
Civil Society Groups (CIVIL)
A network connection electric power (STL)
Network Mixed (MIXED)
Construction components (KK)
Equipment Work (PK)
Equipment test (PU)

49.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

50. B.
Is listing type of image to group A with stands for as follows:
1. The JTM : SKTM, SUTM, SKUTM, SUTM MIXED (SUTMMIX)
2. The magazine : Substation Hook (C) , Substation Portal (P), Substation Concrete (GB),
Substation Kiosks(GK), Substation Correlate (GH)
3. The JTR : SUTR(SUTR), SUTR MIXED (SUTRMIX), SKTR(SKTR), SKUTR(SKUTR)
4. CIVIL LIBERTIES Group : Bridge cable(JK), Civil Society Magazine(SG), The Stake Disquisition
(TK)
5. The STL : STL TR 1 phase (SLTR1), STL TR 3 phase(SLTR3), STL CE (SLTM): STL
CE SUTM (SLTMU), tue CE SKTM (SLTMK)
6. The MIXED : JTR Underbuilt JTM (JTRUTM), cable Telematka Underbuilt
JTM (KTELUTM)
7. The households: According to the rule number item 1 to 6.
8. The PK : According to rule in the number item 1 to 6.
9. The Public Works : According to rule in the number item 1 to 6.
51.

C.

Is the seeded picture.

52.
53.

For instance:
The Number Picture : GD/C/01

54.

Environment means that: the seeded Picture 01 in the


current Substation type Substation hook

55.

. PLN

(PER

SERO) 1
st
Edition
in 2010

56. Xv

57.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

58.

FOREWORD

In building of medium voltage electrical power network installation in PT PLN


(Persero) required Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power
that it is the extension of design Criteria where they will learn about construction electric
power distribution network . During this construction installing electric power in PT PLN
(Persero), still refers to various tga Standard construction Distribution is made by consultants
from foreign countries.
59.

Design Criteria Digitalization construction and Standard Network construction electric


power, including Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power is still
refers to a Consultant Sofrelec from France, with low grounding resistance system prisoners
(12 and 40 ) applied in Distribution Network DKI Jakarta, West Java, Bali, and some units
outside Java. Consultants Chas T Play from the United States, with grounding resistance
system solid (directly to the earth) or "mult grounded common neutral, low and medium
voltage network" applied in Central Java & DIY and some units outside Java. While
consultants New Jec from Japan, with grounding resistance prison system tnggi
(500 occurs in East Java.
60.

Furthermore Standard construction still varies, there are a lot of things other things
that need to diperhatkan, is; use of tang electricity to telematka, the more difficult
to obtain location of the land Substation that just and right and progress of technology
material distribution power.
62. To achieve efektftas and efsiensi with pertmbangan environmental security, the State
Electricity Company Co. Ltd. (Persero) gradually, it is necessary to memperbaruhi
Standard construction that is now, as a reference for appropriate techniques the
development of technology and the environment. Construction Sites Criteria design
and construction standards Distribution Network power, consisting of:
61.

63. Book
64.
65.
66.
67.
68.

1. Construction design Criteria Digitalization Distribution Network electric power.


2. Construction standards connection electric power.
3. Standard Network construction low-voltage electric power.
4. Standard construction Distribution Switchgear and Connecting Switchgear.
5. Standard construction Medium voltage network power.

In the application, the Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate


power demands can be changed according to local. Unit Mother can make Standard
construction Distribution and Dump Correlate special energy, as modifkasi from book 4,
with note did not deviate from where they will learn about Criteria, which is by the book
1. Changes standard construction so that it was reported to PLN Center through
Directorate related.
69.

70.

Thank you.
71.

Jakarta, November 2010.

Working
Group signed distribution network
72.

construction Standard electric


power.
73.

74.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

75.

CHAPTERS
I. GENERAL
DESCRIPTION

Pengertan general Distribution power that most known is the building of electricity post
contains a or consists of installing equipment Correlate To Medium-voltage (PHB-MV),
Transformer Distribution (EXRAORDINARY) and the vessels Correlate To low-voltage
(PHB-LV) to supply electricity for the customers both with a voltage and Medium
Enterprises (CE 20 kV) as well as low-voltage (TR 220/380V). .
77. Construction distribution designed based on optmalisasi cost for meaning and
purpose its sometimes need is adjusted to regulation local government.
76.

78.
79.

a)
b)
80.

a)
b)
c)
81.

a)
b)

In a broad outline distribution is distinguished as :


A.
Types of pemasangannya :
Sentry Post outside the couple: Substation Portal, Substation hook
Sentry Post a couple in: Substation, the concrete Guardhouse Kiosks
b.
Type of Construction :
Substation Concrete (building civil society groups : stone, concrete)
Sentry Post columns : Substation Portal and hook
Substation Kiosks
c.
Types of Its use :
Substation Customer General
Substation specific Customer

82.

Special pengertan Substation relationship is Substation that aimed to make it easy for
maneuver imposition of a penyulang to other penyulang that can be equipped/refuses
equipped RTU (Remote Terminal Unit). For this facility is often equipped with facilities
DC Supply of Distribution Transformer wearing their own or Transformer distribution to
the public to be placed in a unity.

83.
84.

KEP.I.1 /Substation pole


Using The pillar : concrete, metal, wood

I.1.1 Substation Portal


General konfgurasi Dump The pillar that dicatu from SUTM is T secton with safety
equipment Safeguards Heat Cut-Out (FCO) as a brief transformer safeguards correlate with
the atonement for minor sins (safeguards heat link type expulsion) and Penangkal
Petir Arrester (LA) as a means a deterrent effect increase in current voltage in transformer
surja petr.
85.
86.

28.

87.
88.
89.

. PLN
(PERSE
RO) 1st

Figure 1.1 Substation Portal and Draft a single line


Editi
on in
2010

90. 1

91.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

92.To Topple The pillar in network system circle open-loop), as the distribution system with cable
channels under the ground, konfgurasi equipment is n secton where transformer distribution can
be in power from the way different from that position Incoming - Outgoing or can be otherwise.
93.

29.

94.

Picture 1.2 sketch a single line konfgurasi n secton Substation Portal

95.
Shortage of space factor To overcome the Substation Portal, then used konfgurasi
switching/protection that has been deformations as RMU (Ring Play Unit). Switching equipment incoming
and outgoing as policy makers Load or LBS (Load Break Switch) or break Load Otomats (PBO) or
CB (Circuit Breaker) who worked as manual (or moved with remote control).
96.
Fault indicator (in this case PMFD : Pole Mounted Fault Detector) need to be installed on secton
network and it has to make it easier for ttik search disorders, so network that refuses disorders can be
restored more quickly.
30. 1.1.2 Substation
31.

97. In Distribution t p e hook, transformer that Installed are transformer with < 100 kVA 3 or 1 Phase.
98. Transformer installed is a type of CSP (Completely Self-Protected Transformers) that is switching
equipment And Protection system has been installed the complete a tank
99. Transformer.

32. 1.3 Substation type


Hook.

Additional protection equipment transformer LA (Penangkal Petir Arrester) is


set apart with electrical Conductor pembumiannya that connection is made directly to
the body transformer. Equipment Correlate To low-voltage (PHB-LV) maximum 2 majoring
in with switch barrier on the side check-in and safeguard heat (type NH, NT) as security
department. All the parts Konduktf Open (BKT) and The Konduktf Extra (BKE) is
associated with grounding resistance with low-voltage.

100.

101.
. PLN
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2010

102.
2

103. Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power
104.
1.1.3
Substation
concrete

Main components which are All installation


transformer equipment and switching/protection, appropriate
deformations in the building civil society that is designed,
built and functioned with the construction couple stone and
concrete (masonrywall building).

107.

105.

This construction is intended to fulfill requirements for the


safety best electrical energy.
108.

106.

Picture 1.4
Substation concrete.
109.

110.

1.1.4 Substation
111. This

Substation type is prefabricated building made of steel


construction, fberglass or combination, which can be combined
in the location of distribution development plan. There are
several types of construction, namely Kiosks Compact, the
kiosk Modular and kiosks terraced.

33.

Kiosks
112. Picture 1.5 Substation kiosks.
34.

113.

115.

Substation was built in the places that refuses


114.
To be permitted to build Substation concrete. Since the nature of
his mobility, capacity transformer limited distribution that is attached.
Maximum capacity is 400 kVA, with 4 majoring in low-voltage. Especially
for kiosks Compact, all installation main components Substation is stacked
details in a factory, so it can directly in bore kelokasi distribution system
and is connected to that has been there for functioned as its purpose.

Picture 1.6 Substation Kiosks Bertngkat.

116.
1.1.5 Substation Customer General
117.
General konfgurasi relay equipment customers Generally is n secton, in the same thing as with
Substation Pillars that dicatu from SKTM.

118.

35.

119.
120.
. PLN
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Picture 1.7 sketch a single line Konfgurasi n secton Substation Customer General

121.
3

122.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

Because of the limitations location and pertmbangan reliability that is


needed, can only be konfgurasi Substation power with T secton in supplying PHB-MV
Similar magazine that is often called the relay Antenna.
124.
For tngkat reliability that is demanded to be more from Substation
customers Generally normal, then dump supplied by SKTM more than one penyulang
so that the total number switch relationship more than one and can digerakan will
Otomats (ACOS : Automatc Change Over 'swhich keep armpit) or a remote control.
123.

I.1.6 Substation specific Customer


Substation was designed and built for connection electric power to the customer
competitive . Apart from the essential components equipment correlate and
protection, Substation was in with the instruments complete a measure that has
been required.

125.
126.

For the customers with more power from 197 kVA, main components
distribution is an instrument PHB-MV, protection and measurements voltage- and
medium-sized businesses. Transformer for declining voltage in customer side or outside
the area ownership and responsibility of the PT PLN (Persero).
128.
In general, this Special Magazine Customers can also be equipped with
transformer to serve customers.
127.

129.

36.

130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.

Picture 1.8 sketch a single line Substation specific Customer

Note:
TP = Safeguards Transformer
PMB = Policy makers Load - LBS
PT = voltage Transformer
PMT = Divider Load customers
SP = Connections

I.1.7 Substation Correlate


Substation Correlate abbreviated GH or Switching Subtaton is Substation
that function
139.
As a means controllers maneuvers electricity load if there was a supply of
electricity,
140.
The program implementation maintenance or for research to defend kountnuitas
141.
Service.
142.
The content of installing Substation relationship is part of series switch Load (Load
Break switch - LBS),

137.
138.

143.

144.

. PLN
(PERSE
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in 2010

145. Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power
146.
And/or policy makers power that is connected parallel. Substation relationship also can be
equipped facility energy policy makers divider Load specific customer voltage- and medium-sized
businesses. Construction Substation Correlate with distribution Substation t p e concrete. In the inner
room Substation relationship can be equipped with room for distribution Substation that separated
and space for the means service remote control.
147.
Space for the means long-distance service controls can be in the same room
Substation relationship, but separately with the dump its distribution.

148.
Based on their own needs Substation relationship can be divided into:
Substation Correlate to 7 fruit kubikel cells.
Substation Correlate to ( 7 + 7 ) fruit kubikel cells.
Substation Correlate to ( 7 + 7 +7 + 7 ) fruit kubikel cells.
149.
That group - group of cells are depending on the system that is used in one area
operations, for example, Spindel Spotload, Fork, flowers, and other. It regulates cell technical The cell kubikel Substation Correlate with It regulates technical Distribution, unless it is very
likely that ability Current Nominal that would be different.

150.
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Editi
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201
0

151.

152.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

153.
This chapter II. MAIN
COMPONENTS and construction material SPECIFICATIONS

154.

II.1 Main components of distribution

Substation construction
II.1.1 Transformer Distribution phase 3

155.

37.

For transformer phase tga refers to SPLN, there is a tga


tpe
vector
group,
which
is
used
by
PLN,
namely Yzn5, Dyn5 and Ynyn0. Point
neutral
directly
connected to the ground. For the construction, distribution
transformer equipment fully must refer to SPLN D3.002 -1,
2007. Transformer sentry post outside the couple are
equipped with High Voltage bushing insulator ceramics. While
Transformer dump the couple in equipped with High Voltage
bushing insulator ceramics or use insulator plug-in
premoulded.
156.

157.

159.

160.

Picture 2.1 Transformer a split Distribution phase 3

158.
Table 2.1. Vector Group and Transformer
NO vector Group (kVA) Note:

161.
1

162.
n5

167. 168.
2

171.
3

183.

Dyn5

172.
ynO

Yz

163.
0
164.
00
169.

200
250
315
400
500
Yn 630 173.
0
174.
00
175.
60
176.
00
177.

166.
For the 3
wire system

1
170.
For the 3
wire system

182.
For the
system 4 wire

1
1
2
2

II.1.2 Transformators Completely Self-Protected ( CSP)

38.

Is transformer distribution that is equipped with Safeguards Heat (fuse) on the side
and primary LBS (Load Break Switch) on the side secondary.
185.
It Regulates technical transformer is referring to SPLN No 95, 1994 and SPLN
D3.002 -1, 2007.
184.

186.

Picture 2.2 Transformer CSP ( Completely Self-Protected ) Look Inside

187.

188.

. PLN
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in 2010

189.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

II.1.3 PHB of Medium-voltage Side (PHB-MV)


The following is main components PHB-MV which has been installed/appropriate
deformations complete that is often called with Kubikel-CE, which are:

190.
191.

11.1.3.1 Disconnectng Switch (DS)


Working as a barrier or connective electrical installation 20 kV. Separatists can
only be operated in the state refuses laden.

192.
193.

11.1.3.2 Load Break Switch (LBS)


Function as policy makers or connective electrical installation 20 kV. Policy makers
Load can be operated in the state and Loaded and cable attached to enter or
exit distribution.
196.
Kubikel LBS equipped with sakelar grounding resistance that work in interlock with
LBS. For the operations at a distance (remote control, Remote Terminal Unit (RTU
power) must be equipped with a prime mover.

194.
195.

11.1.3.3 Circuit Breaker (CB)


Function as policy makers and connecting electricity rapidly in the normal as
well as an ailment correlate a short period of time. Policy makers power equipment (PMT)
this is equipped with rele protection Current more (Over Current Relay) and can be
functioned as a tool divider Load. Main components PHB-MV mentioned above have been
deformations in kompartemen compact (complete), which is often called Kubikel Divider
Load customers.

197.
198.

11.1.3.4 LBS - TP (Transformers Protecton)


200.
Transformer distribution with 630 kVA on the primary

199.
39.

protected divider Current to safeguard heat type HRC (High


Rupturing Capacity).
201.
Kubikel transformer equipment protection, is equipped
with LBS installed before safeguards heat.
To dump compact, components and protection LBS can only have
been appropriate deformations as a whole, and so-called Ring Play
Unit (RMU). Picture 2.3 Kubikel Ring Play Unit (RMU)
202.

II.1.4 PHB with low-voltage (PHB-LV)


PHB-LV is a combination of one or more equipment Correlate To low-voltage with control
equipment, the handgrip measure, equipment and the control to each other. In its entirety
assembled complete with the system pengawatan and mechanical on parts enlargements.
205.
In general PHB TR according SPLN 118-3-1-1996,for a couple in is a type of open. A Rack
TR pair for distribution in concrete. PHB open is a rolls off PHB that consists of the order supporting
equipment and protection equipment Correlate with all parts of the voltage, installed without
isolation. Number of majoring in per transformer or distribution as much as posible 8 majoring in
203.
204.

matched with great power transformer and the ability to Concern Current ( KHA ) Electrical
Conductor JTR which is used. In PHB-LV must be included diagram a single line,
206.

207.

. PLN
(PERSE
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in 2010

208.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

Current identifying gawai protection and control and the name majoring in JTR.
As the instrument sakelar page entrance channel PHB-LV, paired with Policy
makers Load
211.
(LBS) or NFB (No Fused Breaker).
212.
Safety Net Current more (Over Current) majoring in low-voltage in PHB-LV
213.
Indistinguishable from above:
209.
210.

11.1.4.1 No Fused Breaker (NFB)


Fused Breaker is breaker/policy makers with the censor Current, if
there was a Current that melewat equipment was over-capacity breaker, so
the system magnetk and bimetalic in equipment will work and ordered
breaker releases Load.
214.
215. No

216.
11.1.4.2
217. Safeguards

Safeguards Heat (Fuse)


heat is a break the melt it part of its components which has
been designed and adjusted its size to open a series where fuse was installed
and decide Current if Current was beyond a certain values within a period of
time just (SPLN 64:1985:1).
218. Safety function immersed in a series of electricity is for each time keeping or
securing the series following equipment or equipment that is connected from the
damage, in the border pengenalnya (SPLN 64:1985:24). Based on its construction
Safeguards Heat to low-voltage can be classified :
Tube II.1.4.2.1 Atonement for minor sins Semi-Open
Atonement for minor sins have rates nominal until 1000
Ampere. Its use as security in the parent Network low-voltage, the
channel parent Installation explanation and Installing power. When the
heat of atonement for minor sins is never easy to be changed.
219.
220.

I.1.4.2.2 Atonement for minor sins Tube Closed (type NH or NT)


Types of safeguards heat is most commonly used. The Election
of ratings safeguards atonement for minor sins in accordance with the
capacity transformer and can be seen in the table below:
221.
222.

224.

223.
Table 2.2 it Regulates Technical PHB-LV
225.
226.
Descripti
227.
It Regulates
No.
on
228.
229.
Current identifying
230.
At least 115 percent IN transformer
1.
switch
barrier
231. 232.
KHA rail
PHB
233.distribution
At least 125 percent Current identifying
2.
switch
barrier
234.
235.
Current identifying
236.
Does not exceed KHA electrical conductor
3.
heatthe adventures 239.
circuit
outof Transformer capacity and
Function
237.
238.safeguards
Short
4.

240.
5.

243.

current (Papua Organization) tension impendasinya


Short making
242.
Does not exceed 2.5 x short the
current (peak)
adventures current
244.
Impulse voltage
245.
20 Kv

241.

6.

246.
7.

249.
250.
251.
252.

253.
PLN

247.

Index protection - IP 248.


To suit at the very least, but IP-45
(International Protection) for
PHB
outside
IN the
= I couple
nominal
secondary
side transformer
(PER
SER
O) 1
st
Editi
on in
201

254.

255.
256.
257.

258.
9

259.
260.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

II.1.5 Measuring equipment


II.1.5.1 Transformer voltage - Potental Transformer (PT)
Its function is transforming its massive High Voltage to the low-voltage
to measurements or protection and as isolation between the voltage that
measured or diproteksikan with the instruments measuring rods seen / Protection
system. Factors that must diperhatkan transformer voltage in the election is a
mistake transformation and a shift in the table below :

261.
262.

263.

264.

265.

266.

CLA

PERCENT ERROR RATIO


VOLTAGE (+/-)

SS

268.
0.5
271.
1.0

Table 2.3 limits their transformation voltage Transformer

269.
272.

0.5
1.0

267.

The SHIFT

CORNER +/- (MENU)

270. 20
273. 40

Load, which is a secondary transformer voltage (PT) , in this case is


closely related with the accuracy class PT. To install the couple in; often voltage
transformer attached to kubikel measurements.
274.

275.

II.1.5.2 Current transformer - Current Transformer (CT)

40.

Current transformer (Current Transformers- CT )is one of the


equipment in Distribution, its function is to convert the amount Current
than to Current small measurement businesses to limit measurement tools,
also as protection and isolation from the side its primary secondary circuit.
276.

277.

Picture 2.4 Current transformer.

Factors that must diperhatkan in installing Current transformer is a Load (Id) and
CT accuracy class . It is advisable to use of CT that have accuracy level period for a 20% 120% Current par value. The Load, accuracy class for protection and measuring must
refer to based on/requirements that applied. Construction of Current transformer can be
made more than 1 primary spool ( double primary).
279.
It was the same For construction with voltage transformer, Current transformer the
couple have greater construction firms that construction partner in what is generally built in
(or will be paired with) in kubikel measurements.
278.

280.
281.

II.1.6 Switching equipment and Safeguard Medium-voltage side


II.1.6.1. Fused Cut out (FCO)
282. Safeguards heat for distribution outside the couple is set up
in Fused Cut out (FCO) in the form Fuse Link.There are 3 types of
41.
karakteristk Fuse Link,tpe-K (rapidly), tpe-T (slowly) and tpe-that is
able to withstand any Current H. surja.
283. Application Data safeguards heat and capacity building
transformatornya can be seen in the table. If there is instruction did not
complete, the Current identifying safeguards heat side refuses primary

284.
285.
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(PERSE
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in 2010

Picture 2.5 Fused Cut out (FCO)

286.
10

287.

Book 4 : Standard construction Distribution and Dump Correlate electric power

More than 2.5 times Current nominal tranformator primary.


If sap tapped Lighning Arrester (LA) after Fused Cut Out ,selected Fuse

288.
289.

Link tpe-H.
If before Fused Cut out (FCO selected Fuse Link tpe-K.
According to Publications IEC 282-2 (1970)/NEMA) in the sight of
primary as atonement for minor sins
292.
Hedge Current. Current identifying atonement for minor sins of the big
bang (expulsion) tpe-H (hold
293.
Surja lightning) tpe-T (slowly) and tpe-K (quickly) according to
publications IEC No. 282-2
294.
(1974) - NEMA to safeguard identifying various power transformer, with
295.
Or without coordinating with secondary security side.
290.
291.

II.1.6.2 Penangkal Petir exactly Arrester uses (LA)


To protect Transformer distribution, especially on the pair out
of voltage as effect surja petr. With pertmbangan problems disorders , the
installation SUTM exactly Arrester uses can only be set up before or after FCO
296.
297.

42.
43.

Fused

298.

299.
300.

Picture 2.6 Lightng Arrester (LA)

The Current identifying LA : 5 KA - 10 trains - 15 trains

For tngkat IKL above 110, should tpe 15 trains. And for the
protection Transformer that is set in middle of the network using a LA 5 trains, and in the
network is inserted LA - 10 trains.

301.

302.
Co
nnector
44.

Connector is a component that is used to tap or


set up a branch wire electrical conductor SUTM to dump.

303.

11.1.7
304. Picture 2.7. Live Line Connector.

Types of connector that is used for the installation Substation is set to


use Live Line Connector (joints that can be opened to put your) to make it easy for
opening/ set up in the voltage.
306.
Tapping transformer from SUTM and grafting must in front of the direction
tang laying transformer Power Plant / Substation.
305.

307.