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Sunflower oil

gallery Careers News Contacts Sunflower oil General Characteristics рус eng - While the vibrant,

General Characteristics

рус eng

- While the vibrant, strong sunflower is recognised worldwide for its beauty, it is also an important source of food. Sunflower oil is a valued and healthy vegetable oil and sunflower seeds are enjoyed as a healthy, tasty snack and nutritious ingredient to many foods.

- Sunflower oil is obtained from the seeds of the sunflower plant - Helianthus Annuus. Each flower can develop up to 2000

sunflower seeds. The oil is pale yellow in colour but contains a level of natural waxes that give the oil a 'cloudy' appearance at cooler temperatures.

- Nowadays, the crop is predominant in Russia, Ukraine, Europe, Argentina and the USA. The seed contains 40-45% oil. There are now two other types of sunflower available - High Oleic and Mid Oleic. These were developed with standard breeding techniques and differ in oleic levels with each one offering unique properties.

- Because of the high levels of polyunsaturated fats in standard sunflower oil, the oil is susceptible to oxidation during commercial usage, especially frying.

- High oleic sunflower oil is premium sunflower oil with minimum levels of 80% monounsaturated fatty acids. It is used in food and industrial applications where high monounsaturated levels are required.

- The oil has excellent stability without the need for hydrogenation. High oleic sunflower oil offers a trans free oil solution for customers. The oil has many uses including bakery applications, spray coating oils for cereal, crackers and dried fruit; it is used in non-dairy creamers, many types of frying and other uses.

- Mid-oleic sunflower oil is fairly new to the market and was developed by standard hybrid procedures

Sunflower fields

Sunflower fields Global Market - Sunflower is one of the most important oilseed crops in the

Global Market

- Sunflower is one of the most important oilseed crops in the world. Global production grew steadily in last 25 years and is expected a total world output close to 60 million tones towards 2050.

- The four largest producers (Ukraine, Russia, European Union and Argentina) account for 70% of global volume, with an

exponential growth of production in the last ten years in the Black Sea region, with increased acreage an higher yields achieved by the replacing old varieties by hybrid seeds.

- Sunflower seeds are crushed mostly locally and seed world trade represents less than 10% of global production.World

sunflower oil trade accounts for 30% of total consumption. The European Union is the major destination of the Ukrainian

and Argentine exports. Even though, sunflower oil production has increased in last decades, its market share of total 17 Fats & Oils production declined significantly, while palm oil, soybean oil and rapeseed oil production grew at faster rates. Per caput consumption of sunflower oil has increased marginally in last years (from 1.0 kg/year to 1.4 kg/year in last 30 years). Edible oil for human consumption was the major way of usage.

- Today, only 10% of the global production is used for industrial purpose. FAO sunflower oil production forecast for 2050 is

22,4 million metric tons, which implies or a significant increase on per caput consumption. Such increase could come through two ways:

I) - A sharp increase in per caput edible sunflower oil consumption (from 1,4 to 2,3 kg/year), driven by lower production costs and or incremental quality differential. II) - Sharp increase of industrial use, particularly bio fuel (human consumptions as edible oil 1,8 kg/year).

Sunflower oil production

bio fuel (human consumptions as edible oil 1,8 kg/year). Sunflower oil production World sunflower oil production

World sunflower oil production 2014

Vegetable oil production 2013 - tonnes Ukraine Market - In the sector of industrial processing,

Vegetable oil production 2013 - tonnes

Vegetable oil production 2013 - tonnes Ukraine Market - In the sector of industrial processing, vegetable

Ukraine Market

- In the sector of industrial processing, vegetable oils production (sunflower oil volumes form 97%) takes nearly 10% from

the general volumes of all production rates of food commodities in Ukraine. The fat-and-oil complex is one of the largest branches of the food industry of Ukraine, which covers 10% of all produced commodities.

- The role of Ukraine as one of the largest countries-producers of sunflower oil on the world market continues growing. So,

during 7 recent years the share of Ukrainian sunflower oil on the world market significantly increased, and reached nearly 54% until the end of 2013/14 MY.

- In 2013/14 MY the exports of sunflower oil from Ukraine totaled 3.4 mln tonnes.

- In 2013, five leading companies-processors of Ukrainian sunflower seed (Kernel, Creative Group, Cargill, etc.) provided 30%

of the general world exports of the commodity.

- As for the prospects of the new season, the general harvest of sunflower seed in Ukraine in 2014 estimated at the level of 11 mln tonnes. The volume of sunflower oil exports from Ukraine in 2014/15 MY is expected to reach 4.2 mln tonnes

Ukraine exports of crude sunflower oil 2010/11

Ukraine & Russia exports to the EU Ukraine oilseed production Sunflower seed processing into oil

Ukraine & Russia exports to the EU

Ukraine & Russia exports to the EU Ukraine oilseed production Sunflower seed processing into oil

Ukraine oilseed production

Ukraine & Russia exports to the EU Ukraine oilseed production Sunflower seed processing into oil

Sunflower seed processing into oil

Price influencing factors - The production highly fluctuates between years. - There is high substitutability

Price influencing factors

- The production highly fluctuates between years.

- There is high substitutability between oils. So, price of other major oils like groundnut, soyoil and other edible oils also influence the prices of sunflower oil.

- Besides this, production of the other leading exporting countries like Ukraine, Russia, Argentina, USA and EU also influence the prices to great extent.

Vegetable oil prices ($/metric tonne, Jan 2009 - Nov 2014)

USA and EU also influence the prices to great extent. Vegetable oil prices ($/metric tonne, Jan

Global consumption of vegetable oils from 1995/96 to 2014/15, by oil type (in million metric tons)

1995/96 to 2014/15, by oil type (in million metric tons) © 2 0 1 3 «

© 2013 «ЗерноЭкспорт»

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