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# Answer 2:

## It is because we have evolved so that our internal pressure matches the

atmospheric pressure, so we are in equilibrium. When you go up in an airplane,
your ears tend to hurt until you can get them to pop because, at that altitude,
your internal pressure is greater than the external pressure, so until you can get
your ears to "pop" - that is, your internal pressure to equalize with the external
pressure, you feel pain.
Now, because physicists always like to think of what happens in the extreme,
let's ask: knowing that your internal pressure is equalized by evolution to
atmospheric pressure of 14.7 pounds / square inch, what would happen if:
1) You go into space without a space suit? - you would stretch out like a balloon,
due to the elasticity of your skin; then you would burst due to the fact that your
internal pressure is 14.7 pounds/square inch but the outside pressure is ZERO!
And then all the liquid in your body would instantly freeze. YUCH!!
2) What would happen if you go to the bottom of the deepest part of the ocean
without a diving bell? You guessed it: you would implode due to the excessive
external pressure!

Answer 3:
We are being pressed equally from all directions,including internally. The air
inside of your lungs is at the same pressure as the air outside, so it presses your
chest cavity outward with the almost same force as it is being pressed inward
(slightly less, because there is more surface area on which pressure is applied
outside than in, and that is why you exhale when you relax).
As for the rest of your body, it's mainly made up of water, which is a liquid and
not a gas. Liquids are incompressible: they push back with the same pressure
that is pressed upon them by themselves. If you were to be taken to the bottom
of the ocean, your lungs would implode because the air inside of them would not
have enough pressure to hold up the volume of water that is above you, but your
head would not get squashed because it's made of liquid and solid, and they
don't squash under uniform pressure. They only deform under non-uniform
pressure (there has to be somewhere for squashed solids or liquids to go or they
won't squash).

Answer 4:
This is a bit oversimplified, but it gives you the right general idea...Our skin and
organs is mostly fluid (water) or solid (bone), and neither of these is
compressible. Our lungs are filled with air, but it's at the same pressure which

the surrounding atmosphere has (760 Torr, or 14 PSI). If you were to pump the air
out of your lungs, so there was less pressure inside your body than outside, then
your lungs would collapse. (Even before that, you would suffer from bleeding into
the lungs, and a severe case of "the bends" as nitrogen in your bloodstream
suddenly evaporated and formed bubbles, blocking blood flow. But those are
different effects from the simple collapsing you asked about.)

Answer 5:
It's true that the weight of the column of air above us is very heavy. We can call
this weight an external pressure, because it is pushing down on us. However, the
reason we, nor other objects, are crushed by the weight of this air is because this
external pressure is balanced by our internal pressure, which arises from various
fluids and materials we are composed of. This internal pressure exists because
we are largely made up of incompressible solids and liquids. To simplify matters,
just think about a balloon filled with water. The external pressure is trying to
compress the balloon, while the water inside the balloon is able to balance this
external pressure due to the relative incompressibility of water. This
incompressibility is responsible for the internal pressure opposing the external
pressure

How do we explain the difference between the paint temperatures and the glass
temperatures? On first glance it seems like if the outside of the car is much
hotter, then the interior must be much hotter too. I think there are several effects
at work here:
1. Convection. The hotter the paint is, the more the air tends to rise around it,
carrying the heat away from the interior. Also, any wind will tend to move the
paint heat away from the car interior.
2. Insulation. The paint is physically separated from the interior in the case of the
hood and trunk. And in the case of the roof, the roof liner has insulation that
keeps the heat away.

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