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1HYDGRGHO5XL]:LNLSHGLDODHQFLFORSHGLDOLEUH

NevadodelRuiz
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GHVGHHO3OHLVWRFHQRWHPSUDQRRHO3OLRFHQRWDUGtR
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NevadodelRuiz

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Tipo

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ndice

Coordenadas

12

Altitud

PVQP

Prominencia

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Cordillera

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Erageolgica

3OHLVWRFHQR

ltimaerupcin



Primeraascensin 

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Geografaygeologa
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HVSHFtILFDPHQWHGHOPDFL]RYROFiQLFR5XL]7ROLPD R&RUGLOOHUD&HQWUDO GHOTXHWDPELpQKDFHQSDUWH
ORV YROFDQHV 1HYDGR GHO 7ROLPD GH 6DQWD ,VDEHO GHO 4XLQGtR \ HO &HUUR 0DFKtQ  (O PDFL]R HVWi
XELFDGRHQODLQWHUVHFFLyQGHFXDWURIDOODVDOJXQDVGHODVFXDOHVD~QVHHQFXHQWUDQDFWLYDV
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SODFD6XGDPHULFDQD&RPRHQHOFDVRGHRWURVYROFDQHVHQ]RQDVGHVXEGXFFLyQHO1HYDGRGHO5XL]
SXHGH GDU RULJHQ D HUXSFLRQHV SOLQLDQDV H[SORVLYDV DVRFLDGDV D IOXMRV SLURFOiVWLFRV TXH SXHGHQ IXQGLU
JODFLDUHVDOHGDxRVDODFXPEUHSURGXFLHQGRODKDUHV

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SDVDGR

Glaciares
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FXDQGRVHUHWLUDEDQODVFDSDVGHKLHORGHOD~OWLPDJODFLDFLyQFXEUtDQD~QNP\GXUDQWHOD3HTXHxD
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$ SDUWLU GH HQWRQFHV ORV JODFLDUHV KDQ LGR UHWURFHGLHQGR D~Q PiV GHELGR DO FDOHQWDPLHQWR GH OD
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HQFDUJDGD GHO DEDVWHFLPLHQWR GH DJXD SRWDEOH GH  SREODFLRQHV FHUFDQDV SRU OR TXH WDQWR ORV
FLHQWtILFRVFRORPELDQRVFRPRORVIXQFLRQDULRVGHOJRELHUQRHVWiQSUHRFXSDGRVSRUHOVXPLQLVWURGHDJXD
DODVFLXGDGHVVLORVJODFLDUHVVHIXQGLHUDQSRUFRPSOHWR

Florayfauna
(Q JHQHUDO HO 1HYDGR GHO 5XL] HVWi SREUHPHQWH
IRUHVWDGRSULQFLSDOPHQWHGHELGRDVXHOHYDFLyQ\
VX FXELHUWD GH iUEROHV GLVPLQX\H FRQIRUPH
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P SRUHQFLPDGHHVWRVSHURSRUGHEDMR
GH OD OtQHD GH ORV iUEROHV FLHUWRV VHFWRUHV GH OD
VXSHUILFLH FXHQWDQ FRQ ERVTXHV HQDQRV  P 
3RU HQFLPD GH GLFKD OtQHD HQ HO SiUDPR OD
YHJHWDFLyQ HVWi GRPLQDGD SRU (VSHOHWLD /D
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FRPR DPHQD]DGRV $VLPLVPR HQ ORV DOUHGHGRUHV GHO YROFiQ VH HQFXHQWUDQ HVSHFLHV FRPR B.
ferrugineifronsO.guerinii\O. percrassa $GHPiV HO 1HYDGR GHO 5XL] HV KiELWDW GHO FyQGRU GH ORV
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Historiaeruptiva

6XVSULPHUDVHUXSFLRQHVWXYLHURQOXJDUKDFHPLOORQHVGHDxRVDSULQFLSLRVGHO3OHLVWRFHQRDSDUWLU

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6XVSULPHUDVHUXSFLRQHVWXYLHURQOXJDUKDFHPLOORQHVGHDxRVDSULQFLSLRVGHO3OHLVWRFHQRDSDUWLU
GHO FXDO VH KDQ LGHQWLILFDGR WUHV SHULRGRV SULPDULRV GH HUXSFLyQ HO ancestral HO antiguo \ HO actual
'XUDQWH HO SULPHUR GH HOORV HQWUH XQ PLOOyQ \ GRV PLOORQHV GH DxRV DWUiV VH FUHy XQ FRPSOHMR GH
JUDQGHV HVWUDWRYROFDQHV TXH OXHJR FRODSVDURQ SDUFLDOPHQWH HQWUH KDFH XQ PLOOyQ \  PLOORQHV GH
DxRVIRUPDQGRFDOGHUDVGHHQWUH\NPGHDQFKR'XUDQWHHOSHULRGRantiguoTXHGXUyGHVGHKDFH
DPLOORQHVGHDxRVVHGHVDUUROOyXQQXHYRFRPSOHMRGHJUDQGHVHVWUDWRYROFDQHVLQFOX\HQGROR
TXHSDUDDTXHOODpSRFDHUDQHO5XL]HO7ROLPDHO4XLQGtR\HO6DQWD,VDEHO8QDYH]PiVVHIRUPDURQ
FDOGHUDVH[SORVLYDVHQVXVFXPEUHVHQWUHKDFH\PLOORQHVGHDxRV
(O SHULRGR presente LQLFLy KDFH DSUR[LPDGDPHQWH  DxRV \ VXSXVR HO GHVDUUROOR GHO DFWXDO
HGLILFLR YROFiQLFR D WUDYpV GHO HPSOD]DPLHQWR GH GRPRV GH ODYD KHFKRV D EDVH GH DQGHVLWD \ GDFLWD
GHQWURGHODVYLHMDVFDOGHUDV'XUDQWHORV~OWLPRVDxRVHO1HYDGRGHO5XL]KDSDVDGRSRUDO
PHQRVHWDSDVGHHUXSFLyQODVFXDOHVKDQLQFOXLGRP~OWLSOHVFRUULPLHQWRVGHWLHUUDIOXMRVSLURFOiVWLFRV
\ODKDUHVFRQGXFLHQGRDODGHVWUXFFLyQSDUFLDOGHORVGRPRVGHODFLPD 'XUDQWHORV~OWLPRVPLOHV
GHDxRVODPD\RUSDUWHGHODVHUXSFLRQHVGHORVYROFDQHVGHOPDFL]R5XL]7ROLPDKDQVLGRSHTXHxDV\
ORVIOXMRVSLURFOiVWLFRVGHSRVLWDGRVKDQVLGRPHQRVYROXPLQRVRVTXHORVGHO3OHLVWRFHQR'DGRTXHODV
HUXSFLRQHV PiV DQWLJXDV GHO YROFiQ QR KDQ VLGR UHJLVWUDGDV ORV YXOFDQyORJRV KDQ XVDGR OD WpFQLFD GH
WHIURFURQRORJtDSDUDGDWDUODV
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HQ  D& DxRV XVDQGR OD GDWDFLyQ SRU UDGLRFDUERQR  FHUFD GHO  D & HQ HO  D&
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GH FHQL]D OR TXH RVFXUHFLy HO iUHD FLUFXQGDQWH 'XUDQWH ODV HUXSFLRQHV HO YROFiQ WDPELpQ H[SXOVy
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LQFOX\HQGRODFRPSRVLFLyQTXtPLFDGHOPDWHULDOHUXSFLRQDGR

Flujodelodode1845
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TragediadeArmero
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