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ARABIC-ENGLISH

DICTIONARY.

0BY

WILLIAM THOMSON WORTABET,

Professor of English in the Egyptian Government School of Medicine and Pharmacy.

With the collaboration of Rev. JOHN WORTABET, M.D., and Professor HABVKT ,

CAIRO.

AL-MÜKTATAF PKINTINO OFFICE.

1838.

With the collaboration of Rev. JOHN WORTABET, M.D., and Professor HABVKT , CAIRO. AL-MÜKTATAF PKINTINO OFFICE.

i UK-l

WÎ3

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DEDICATED BY SPECIAL PERMISSION

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'

jiis jJighness ]V[oiiammed feWfilc,

KHEDIVE OF EGYPT,

Who ha» no highly promoted and patronized the emiae of Education

among his peoplf.

His Highness' most humble and obedient Servant,

THE AUTHOR.

and patronized the emiae of Education among his peoplf. His Highness' most humble and obedient Servant,

PREFACE.

The object of the present work is to supply the want, long felt by many, of an accurate Arabic -English Dictionary, which shall contain within a moderate compass, the words most in use among Arabic classical writers, and which can be procured at a reasonable price. Every effort lias been made to attain this object, and it is hoped that Oriental Scholars will approve the result.

Distrusting myself in so responsible a task, I fortunately obtained the invaluable assistance of two competent collaborators - my father the Rev. Dr. John Wortabet, M. D., and Professor Harvey Porter, B. A.

My father selected the Arabic words for translation, and revised the whole work, and Professor Porter revised and com pared with the exhaustive dictionary of the Inte Mr. Lane, ae far as it has been printed, viz. to the letter (f ). They also rendered me their practical assistance in nine of the letters of the Alphabet j thanks for their important services in a labour which has engaged me, more or less, during the last four years. I have also to acknow ledge much help which I derived from the Arabic -English Dictionary of Dr. Steingass, and the Arabic - French Dictionary by the Jesuit Missionaries of Beyrout.

I

¿-

>-

i>

i» jji ^e

j)

.

To both I now offer my sincere

To the classical, a good many modern words, or modern signifient ions of old words have been added, enclosed in brackets.

A supplement also of words used now in Egypt, including some of the moet useful
A
supplement also of words used now in Egypt, including some
of
the moet useful technical tenns employed by the Government

Departments, has been appended to the work. In preparing this supplement, I have much satisfaction in expressing my obligations

to Mr. Edward Van Dyck, and Murad Efiendi Muktar of the Ministry of Public Instruction, for their assistance in some of the words.

Van Dyck, and Murad Efiendi Muktar of the Ministry of Public Instruction, for their assistance in

1 have followed the plan of Arab Lexicographers in giving the paet and present future forme of the verb, and the noun of action or noun of triliterals in full ; for these forms are conven tional, and can be learned only from classical usage, or from a reference to the dictionary. The triliteral measure or form of the verb is held by Arab Grammarians to be the root of all other words, and it is marked in this book with an asterisk to denote the origin of the derived words which follow. The same sign has been affixed to nouns which can be traced to 110 verb. The present future and verbal noun of augmented verbs are regularly formed, and are not given in this work except in special cases. More attention has been paid to words most in use than to the introduction, in the limited space 1 have at my disposal, of words whose use in rare or obsolete. These different shades of the same signification or totally different meanings are separated by a comma, semicolon, or period, according to the degree of proximity or divergence of sense. tion of the. last past form of a verb. The examples given arc generally inserted with the explanation of the word; sometimes they follow in a separate line.

Finally, my best thanks are due to the learned Editors of Al-Muktataf, at whose Printing Office this book was published. They were careful not only iu securing accuracy of typography, _^- tïut also in making occasional changes which add much to the value of the Dictionary.

the'different shades of meaning of the

A dash ( ) is occasionally introduced to stand for a repeti

Cairo, August, 1888.

shades of meaning of the A dash ( ) is occasionally introduced to stand for a

W.

T. W.

INTRODUCTION.

THE FIRST ELEMENTS OP ARABIC ETYMOLOGY, OR

OF WORDS (1).

THE FORM AND STRUCTURE

Arabic grammar is divided into two great divisions, Etymology which ti'eats of the form and structure of words ; and

Syntax ( y¿ ) which treats of the relation of words to each other.

The letters are twenty-eight in number, of which three are weak or vowels ( \

. are sound or consonants. A letter may be either quiescent, wben it takes this sign (e), or vocalized by a vowel-point or short vowel. kesra (^-).

The other points attached to letters are, hemza ( t) which may take a vowel-point ; shedda (*) which indicates a double letter; ntfdda ( ") which indicates a prolonged alef; hemzat el-wasl, or conjunctive hemza ( *) which joins two words in pronunciation and is always placed on an alef. All these points are seen in the two following words *\& \ iai-\ .

«

>

.> ) namely, i5, J, \; and the others

These short vowels are dumma (>), fetha (^), and

Note.

_

-

i

>t

¿ at the end of a word after a fetha is pronounced

like \, and is called short alef (,îj*^J\ ijklS \) , «. g. *$j*0j \£j

*J

*

The primaiy parts of speech are a verb ( »»), noun (^f\ )

and particle (^ "ÍJ^» ) . The latter shows the relation between words, strifers'uo change in its stmcture, and therefore belongs

The subject is treated (wfcordjng to the

(1)

trruiuiiinrinus. and what follows is chiefly taken fron Fast Sl-KMtab.

The subject is treated (wfcordjng to the (1) trruiuiiinrinus. and what follows is chiefly taken fron

PART I.

THE VERB.

The Verb is divided into three forms; the Past as ^¿j¿>'i the Present-Future ( L^¿¿\ ) as 4^*1 ? an£* *^ Imperative ^'*.S\) as ^j>\ . i *J^ triliteral ) or four ( £f\/, quadrillerai ) , and is then called

bare (¿jf ) ; but both may be increased to six letters, and are then called augmented { Juj.) . The bare triliteral has six measures ( .\'**\ } adopted the 'word J¡¿ to represent all these measures which are shown in the following table, and to which examples are added.

the quadriliteral has only one. Arab Grammarians have

It is constructed of three letters

BARE TRILITERAL VERBS. TRILITERALS AUGMENTED ONE LETTER.

-" ' " ' *' .' \ Jf. Jb* ",
-"
'
"
'
*' .'
\
Jf. Jb*
",

-'-'

'*-

'*'*'-

*

TRILITERALS TWO LETTERS.

' *' .' \ Jf. Jb* ", - ' - ' ' * - '*'*'- *

J-"4

*

*

*

*'* "

*

*

3

"""

>*"

l

TRILITERALS AUGMENTED THREE LETTERS.

**

í *

-

Bare Quadriliteral.

Ex:

Augmented by one letter.

*

Rx

' ' £->"" "

j

£

Augmented by two letters.

Ex:

The first three measures of the bare triliteral verb are in most

common use. The fifth is always intransitive, and is exclusively

employed to indicate innate qualities as beauty, generosity, etc. ae

'. *'*. (to be beautiful). The sixth is most general in verbs whose

first radical is a weak letter, as ¿,j¿ (to inherit).

The measure of '^¿\ is geuerally used in constructing a

'^tf\

transitive form from the intransitive bare triliteral, as

(to make to su), from 'J¿* . (to sit).

same purpose, or for intensity of action, as 'fi

honour). Jetë and 1y\¿ generally indicíate reciprocity in action, as

JVÍ (to fight with), and JUT (to fight together) ; the latter is some

times used for simulation, as 'j>'£¿ (to fei9n * ). The measures of Wrt«,\A»»'l» \*& convey the passive sense, as (M«Á;¿J ^~*# -

<'-

*,-.

.,-.

-*--

'$¿ is often used for the

(to show much

-r"'i

'¿¿A j (to be educated, cut, assembled). J'o^ is used for indicating

colours and deformities, us ^ \ ^ ^>-\ (to be red, lose an eye).

~\'-~.' \ indicates solicitation as j 'Abs-1 (to ask forgiveness). formed from JL«> to express passiveness, as "-^ jí (to be rolled).

' jM'*""*

^^

t

.

*,

from JL«> to express passiveness, as "-^ jí (to be rolled). ' jM'*""* ^^ t .

Vuü

IK

i

1. THE PAST VERB. ( ^¿í J¿J \ )

Wheu the past verb is in the third person singular masculine,

its laut radical is always constructed with a fetha either apparent,

as ^t"j^ , or implied, as ^¿\ . With suffixed pronouns. its vowfil

changes, as \ji"^¿j ¿-:^«¿ . AH its other letters if vocalised have

also a fetha, except the middle radical of the bare triliteral -which

varies, t¿» sind *-«*- , a"d * fir.s.t letter when it is a conjunctive

hemza ( \*'S\ êjvO In the latter case, if it begins a sentence,

it talc a kesra followed by a quiescent letter as fjlWH ; and if it

ie preceded by another word, it is joined to it in pronunciation, as <- hi the case of a double letter as in ju or a changed

fiüai \'f ,

letter as in ' \J , where the middle radical is quiescent, the fetha

--'.- '

»

""

*

^

'

is shown in" the primitive form ('. J». ¿ .) . The passive voice is

formed by tke penultimate letter taking a kesra and every previous

vowelled letter a dumma, as 'r?}*"' \ j* *>

2. THE PRESENT-FUTURE VERB. (l)(£

The present-future verb indicates both the presuit and future teiiRCS. as ^tje\ (he strikes or will ftrike), the tense being fixed by

or C*V- ^ 4^-**-

the context.

^

When it is preceded by *

*

*

"~

¿,tj*u CJV-j , it indicate« the future tense exclusively. It is formed

from the past verb by prefixing to it one of the four letters which

1. This form of the verb is called variously by English writers on Arabic

Grammar- imperfect, noritt, aorixt-Hlce, etc. This nomenclature appears to meto

be misleading, and I have adopted the word present-future as being the nearest

term to exprese the.idea of- the Arab Grammarians.

and I have adopted the word present-future as being the nearest term to exprese the.idea of-
_ 5 J il f 11 1 '
_
5
J
il
f
11
1
'

are joined in the following word

the heinza being foi- the first person súigular, O- for the first person plural, for the second person throughout and for the third person feminine singular and dual, and i£ for the thir4 person The vowel of it« middle radical in bare triliterals varies according to the measure, and is regular in the other forms. (See Table of Verbs).

The passive voice is formed by the prefixed letter taking a

dumma and the penultimate letter a fetha, as '» » « *^t\j¿m .

In both the active and passive voices the vowel of the last tetter

of the present -future verb changes accordiag to the rujee of

masculine throughout and the third person feminine plural.

Syntax.

3. THE IMPERATIVE VERB,

The Imperative verb ie formed from the present-future by

dropping the prefixed letter, as h\j from AîÛj . If the succeeding

letter be quiescent, a hemza is added at the beginning which takes

a fetha in the measure of

form of

\1? ,

The hemza is conjunctive ( S^£\ **) cafie except in

i ; dumma in the

*¿^i\ .

as

*

äj

\

;

\0\ ,

and

as

*. Si

from '

kesrn in all the others as,

* ,«*

the imperative of \v\ . It« Innt letter is always quiescent accept

when iji has a suffix as \y Jt¿\ . When the last letter is a weak

\ for ^j\ . A form of imperative may

letter, it is dropped, as.

be constructed from the present-future by prefixing a

(Ijft Zeid be beaten).

\

as,

The following table shows the formation of all these verbs in

their deferent meaeurçs^ and in botjji the active and passive voices :

table shows the formation of all these verbs in their deferent meaeurçs^ and in botjji the
Part Verb. Present-future. Imperative. - -*- /_ .* > - H ~r ß- * J«
Part Verb.
Present-future.
Imperative.
-
-*-
/_
.*
>
-
H
~r
ß-
*
J
.^
'*
-
*
>
-*
*
<
'r/.
>/>
"fJÍ
.
'r>^
*fjj

# r3

-''.' 1

- «*-;

.

"e^i

Past Passive.

f

jj

^.-»

V^N

'r>^ *fjj # r3 -''.' 1 - «*-; . "e^i Past Passive. f jj ^.-» V^N

Present-future

Passive.

CONJUGATION OF THE VERB WITH PRONOUNS.

I. - The suffixed pronouns to the Past Verb are as follows :

For the first person singular of both genders, as o¡_/«¿

^ ^ *y» * «LJ For the second person singular masculine, as «¿*.^ For the
^
^
*y» *
«LJ
For the second person singular masculine, as «¿*.^
For the second person- singular feminine, as
->
\¿
For the second person dual of both genders, as
V
For the second person plural masculine, as
^f
For the
second person
plural
feminine, as
\
For the third person of both genders, as
VI
For
the
third
person
plural
masculine, as
Q
For
the
third
person
plural
feminine, as
\áX¿
The past verb is conjugated, according to the order adopted
by Arab Grammarians, as follows :
£ For the first person plural of both genders, as
Third person masculine, singular, dual & plural
\
"
Third person feminine, " " " £y¿ \ Second person masculine, " " " *X^i
Third person feminine,
"
"
"
£y¿ \
Second person masculine,
"
"
"
*X^i \

Second person feminine,

First person singular and plural

'2. - The suffixed pronouns to the Pretent-Future Verb are :

4^ For the second person singular feminine, as ui J^' \ For the second &
4^ For
the
second
person
singular feminine,
as
ui J^'
\ For the second & third persons dual of both geudeiB, as -. -¿ « ¿t
^
'^
J
CJ 'J
For the
plural masculine,
as
T.
For the
u
"
"
"
"
as ,

The in j^e ^ j jV^. ¿ ùtej*à> is a grammatical sign

(1)

and is dropped in certain cases as C^ ¿J. ¿¿ '\

in j^e ^ j jV^. ¿ ùtej*à> is a grammatical sign (1) and is dropped in

The Present-Future is accordingly thus conjugated :

2nd. person, mase. 3rd. person, fern. 3rd. person, mase. 1st. person 2»d. person, fern.
2nd. person, mase.
3rd. person, fern.
3rd. person, mase.
1st. person
2»d. person, fern.

3. - Tíhe snflixes in the Imperative Verb are the same as in the second person of the Present-Future, except the O, and it ÍR conjugated as follows :

PI. Fern.

.\

PL Mase.

\

"*

'

Dual.

\"

v

*.i

Sing. Fem.

Sing. Mase.

\n all these suffixes the last btter of the verb is quiescent

if they are sound, as ^^.¿, and takes a vowel, expressed or

implied, corresponding to them if they are weak as

In the first person of the Present-Future Verb ("

eecoBd peisoa singular masculine of the Present-Future and

Imperative Verbs {'^*^ \ '^j^^àî), and third person singular

maseuliae and feminine of the Past and Present-Future '^, ) ('v»yi¿i¿ f*,*J¿íj ^i'j±j , the pronoun is understood, unless the

subject appears in the form of a noun, as a£

PART II.

THE NOUN,

Nouns are either primitive, as "'- ». l»j , or derivative as, "^ ,

The latter are the noun ef action, -norm of -agent, noun of patietit,

noun of place anytime, and noun of instrument.

t

, The latter are the noun ef action, -norm of -agent, noun of patietit, noun of

_

9

1. NOUN OF ACTION. (

The noun of action expresses the action or the state indicated by the verb, as ^i& (appearance). It is constructed from triliteral verbs in various forms which have no rule ; but from all others it has a regular measure which will be given in a following table.

There is one form of it, called (^jvsJÍ ^Jua3\), which is con structed from the Present-Future by substituting for the prefixed letter a - in triliteral, and '» in others, and a fetha on the penulti

mate as ,S\AU, * . It has also sometimes the fono of ¿¿

and \ » , the first indicating number, as t^'j¿ ¿ * ( I struck him

ante); the second indicating kind, as ^.S\ ijT. ¿4^ (I r°de

an .Emir).

2. NOUN OF AGENT.

The Noun of Agent is derived from verbs and expresses that to which the action or state belongs. From triliterals it is con structed after the measure of Jetë , as ^ £¿ (he who strikes, or striker). From the others it is formed by substituting for the pre fixed letter of the Present-Future a ' and placing a ke&rti ou

the penultimate, as ^ j£¿ f !£, fj¿ (from ^Jart, 'f£J ^ " Jj).

There are other forms which show a sense allied to that of the Noun of Agent. The principal forms of this kind are the following :

for colours and deformities, as jt*\ brown. f'^\ lame.

for comparison

as,

^-

"

*

J¿i\ better . C\ m<)rd

J^b ^Oj J\UJ indicate intensity, as

u5c very learned, j¡ Ju» righteous, ^j^ Ío6¿/«r.

merciful, belong to the same class.

^Oj J\UJ indicate intensity, as u5c very learned, j¡ Ju» righteous, ^j^ Ío6¿/«r. merciful, belong to

10

3.' NOUN OF PATIENT.

The Noun of Patient is derived from transitive verbs, and it

expresses that upon which the action of the verb falls. It is con- '*' etructed from triliteral verbs according to the measure of J^»i.

as so^* ¿truck. From the others it follows the form of the Noun

of Agent with a fetha on the penultimate, as /£, honoured-,

-

-

*

,

'

'

_ A.JU rolled; T>- ¿*""* extracted.

The forms « \ » sometimes indicate the sense of a

Noun of Agent, as j^j e]> generous, patient ; and sometimes

that of the Noun of Patient, as

messenger.

\~

.

4 ?? wounded,

sent or

4. NOUN

OF PLACE AND TIME.

This noun expresses the place or time in which the action of

the verb occurs, and has but one measure for b>th from every

verb.

of Action) as, » place or time of sitting, jj^, time or

place of birth.

It is formed with few exceptions like ^^Ji \ jAuJ \ ( See

^* ***

-"" " 1'~1

5. NOUN OF INSTRUMENT. (¿M^H)

This noun expresses the means by which the action of the

verb takes place. It is formed exclusively from the transitiv«

triliteral," and hae three measures,

ilii.^ JV¿

,

^»i» as,

. key\ Ú2C broom, (from '£ to file; ' jt to op*n;

to »weep].

hae three measures, ilii.^ JV¿ , ^»i» as, . key\ Ú2C broom, (from '£ to file;

'

11

Table of Nouns of A ction, Agent, and Patient.

Verb.

Noun of Action.

Jtt

*

"*

*

i--

Noun of Agent,

p

Noun of Patient.

GENDER OF NOUNS.

:<3

Nouns are either masculine or feminiue. The masculine gender has no sign. The signs of the feminine gender are three - viz. ¡ , as

; aud

^

as

-^ -The firet

may be implied as in ¿- ^ JÛ», and »^ 1> ïifîfi$

form as jJS\ ïS^ . A few nouns are of

-The firet may be implied as in ¿- ^ JÛ», and »^ 1> ïifîfi$ form as
12 NUMBER OF NOUNS. The number of nouns is either singular, dual, or plural. The
12
NUMBER OF NOUNS.
The number of nouns is either singular, dual, or plural. The
sign of the dual
is ^\ or ^ according to the rules of syntax ; as
¿, >^1\ *\f and
Jjjto.^1 *¿¿Jj»
" *""
*
*
»f
*
f
}
*
*
The plural is either sound ( 1 Vj\ '14.^ \) or broken (^l£j\ >*JC\}-
The sound plural is formed by the addition of ^ or QJ for the
<W and Cft^XvU - - ^'^ 5 and Ob as *l«V-«^»
"T"
'\*
*
**--
i" *'
masculine as *j,i * v"*
J\

after dropping the sign of the feminine when it is a 5 .

plural is formed by addition to its letters, as J \»j ^sing :

. or omission, as A«,^ (. 8^ § : (J^"-»)' or °hange in the vowels as

\ (^siug:

>.*

*'.

**

The broken

J»3) '

oil)- The sound plural is regular throughout, while

the broken plural is so irregular that it can be learned only by

hearing (conventional usage), or from the dictionary.

NOUNS OF DIMINUTION.

Nouns of diminution indicate smalluess or fewness, and are

sometimes used to express affection. They are formed by the addi-

3*".¿

'"^

tion of ¿ after the second letters, as ^_ " j »mall dog (from ^Jj ) , and ">WriV^'*\ few, or dear friend» ( from "f

NOUNS OF RELATION.

( ¿^1'^ *£-V I )

These nouns indicate relation, and are formed by a terminal

VJc ecienti/ic.

In the formation of these nouns, the signs of the feminine (i), of

addition of ^, as *$ JA* Egyptian- "Oí solar;

the dual ( ^\) and of the plural are dropped, and the letter which

of addition of ^, as *$ JA* Egyptian- "Oí solar; the dual ( ^\) and of

which are

formed from ¿i«JÙ.»j ¿ «^»-* *5d, and express some relation to

Mecca, Mecca and Medina, and Moslems.

adjoins the ^ takes a kesra , as "¡LjLy yf^-j ^

When the letter which precedes the ^ is a lieinza which

indicates the feminine gender as ^ - it is changed into a J, as

«|

*

*

"*

t/.>l/^' kut ^ '* ^e changed from a weak letter it is optional

to change it or not, as ^»"VJ^ t?A~ If it be ii («Aor< alef) or

i£ and falls as a third or fourth letter in the word, as tí¿\ÍJ\. <$» »

it is changed into _, (*$¿¿&\y t^») unless the ii is preceded

by a quiescent consonent, as "^^ when it is retained ( ^J-i} .

If it exceeds the fourth letter as ^¿¿I»J \. ^ » u dropped (*^aU^J\j "(J.W«)- If the middle letter have a ¿e«ra in triliteral

nouns, or is succeeded by a letter which has been changed into

a J , it takes a fetha as ^^¿\3^ 5" (hepatic, judicial).

'

'

,

t

"

"

PART III.

CHANGES WHICH TAKE PLACE IN LETTERS.

1. INSERTION.

Insertion is the incorporation of one letter into another; and this takes place when two letters alike adjoin each other, the first being quiescent and, and the second having a vowel. In this case the first letter is inserted into the second. The first letter may be originally quiescent as ju , whose primitive form is jj¿ or it may be made so for the occasion either by suppressing the vowel as j¿ whose original form is ¿j¿ , the vowel of the first ¿ having

been suppressed the word becomes Sj¿ and thus JU; or by

whose original form is ¿j¿ , the vowel of the first ¿ having been suppressed the

whose

transferring the vowel to the preceding letter as ^,

original form is '£>. , the vowel of the first J having been trans-

"''

3

*J~

ferred to the f the word becomes jj^ and thus J^ .

The two adjoining letters may be alike as in the previous

examples, or may be made so for the occasion, as Ji»*l from -i*^

~"

^r

_

the > having been changed into a ¿*, and J-¿\ from jjj\ the ^

having been chonged into a j.

2. CHANGES OF THE HEMZA.

When a quiescent hemza is preceded by a vocalized hernza, it

is changed to a letter corresponding to the preceding vowel, as * cM-5| ui^Cr^ chanSed
is
changed to a letter corresponding to the preceding vowel, as
*
cM-5| ui^Cr^ chanSed from Ù^'b v>:^\> Cr"^' If the Precediu£
-
,.
*
-»«
letter be not a hemza, it is optional to change it or not, as ^ ^
or ^j
,
»
or
^
. If it be vocalized at the end of a word after
a
quiescent ^ or ¿ as "fjit.^ *y*'j ^ remaiu unchanged, or
it
may be changed to a J or if aud then inserted into the preceding
letter, JIB *
¿j
"* *\

3. CHANGES OF THE WEAK LETTERS.

If the weak letter is quiescent and is after a keera, or a $

after a dumma, or an \ alef after either, it is changed into a letter

corresponding to that vowel, as -X»yij ^r-»V JW* which are

changed from JAUJ ^¿¿

sponding to it and the succeeding letter is quiescent, it is suppressed,

as *«> , !** « *(î which are changed from Vj, ^ '^i\a.j *»y If i* be

a J or if vo welled after a fetha it is changed into an \, ae

If it be after a vowel corre

^ '^i\a.j *»y If i* be a J or if vo welled after a fetha it

15

after a kesra, it is changed into a ^ , as '(cfj which is changed

from 'yà'j. If the and i$ are after a quiescent letter, their vowel is transferred to that letter, as "«^ '. which are changed from j »£.' ; but if the transferred vowel does not correspond

to them, they are then changed into a letter corresponding to it, as

If and \$ come together, and the first is quiescent, the J is changed into a if and then inserted into the other if , 1f'j*j ¿rrj if which

are changed from *\<y

4 ( life which are changed from ^Tj Oys .

^

tne

*

be

"LjC which are changed from ^'yj îf'jj '{y*

changed from ^Tj Oys . ^ tne * be "LjC which are changed from ^'yj îf'jj

d

--~

J.

-^

W.

the i

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS.

. ' (S" si-;»« ) Feminine. f \ Heb ¿- (for j£ ) Dual. Ital
.
'
(S" si-;»« )
Feminine.
f
\
Heb
¿-
(for
)
Dual.
Ital
. Italian.
"
*
J
Pert.
.
.
.
Pendan.
g
(f°r ¿i- )
Plural.
Turk.
. Turkish-
-^i m».
A
tt7.
Alg.
Anat.
Collective noun. Arith.
Contraction.
Feminine.
Indeclinable.
Intransitive.
Masculine.
Neuter.
Opposed or op
posite to.
Plural.
Preposition.
Substantive.
Singular.
Specially.
Transitive.
Adjective.
.
.
Algebra.
Adv.
Adverb.
.
Anatomy.
Coll.
.
.
Arithmetic.
Contr.
Astr.
.
.
Astronomy.
Fern.
Bot.
.
Botany.
Indec.
.
Eng.
Engineering.
Intr\
Geom.
.
.
Geometry.
Mate.
Gram.
Grammar.
Neut.
Hort.
.
.
Horticulture.
Opp.
.
Irrig.
.
.
Irrigation.
Log.
.
.
Logic.
Pi.
.
Mas.
Masonry.
Pr.
Med.
.
.
Medicine .
Sube.
Mil.
.
.
Military affaire.
Sing.
Nav.
.
.
Navy.
Sp.
.
Bail.
.
.
Railway.
Tran».
Theo.
.
.
Theology.

I.

Mil. . . Military affaire. Sing. Nav. . . Navy. Sp. . Bail. . . Railway.
Mortar hod. Stution master. &a¿ JfcV; Official on duty. Stone dressing ( .). ±± Unslaked
Mortar hod.
Stution master.
&a¿ JfcV;
Official on duty.
Stone dressing ( .).
±±
Unslaked Hint .
Traveller (irrig.).
jj\jj ¿^
'j
-
»
Florist.
Blisters ( .).
j¿
_
Bake (imp/.).
Public
building ; hotel ;
khan.
Steamer; locomotive; any
kind of steam engine.
Tugboat.
Crane (eng.).
Paddle boat.
Com measure = |th. Of an
Beam.
Ardeb : ^»j^ .
Sentry box.
Artisan«' taxes.

t'e tribute to Tur-

key.

Guardian, watchman.

Queen (chess) .

; aassary. Aide-de- ij camp ; attache. Boatswain (nav.). Captain (mil.). Steel spring; spring of
;
aassary.
Aide-de- ij
camp ; attache.
Boatswain (nav.).
Captain (mil.).
Steel spring; spring
of a carriage.
. ; aassary. Aide-de- ij camp ; attache. Boatswain (nav.). Captain (mil.). Steel spring; spring of

ç

Level of Míe water »\,\,\

Contract.

Budget provisions. *^\j

Fly-flap. Pasteboard, card Circular. board. Speculum (med.). Boxwood scale, ^.i Double decimetre (eng.). Protractor
Fly-flap.
Pasteboard, card
Circular.
board.
Speculum (med.).
Boxwood scale, ^.i
Double decimetre (eng.).
Protractor (eng.).
Paper scale.
¿j'j {
Skylight (nav.).
Pulley.
Screen (mas.).
Machine.
.
«
Land-surveying en
gineer.
Sewing machino.
!JUV¿í»
Mechanical engi
Screw press.
neer.
Corn measure 73
'of
Extraneous matter.
¿- ¿\Í

Mortar.

an Ardeb. : »,*Sj\ .

Handles. Budget. Coastguard crui
Handles.
Budget.
Coastguard crui
Plumb (mat.). sers (nav.). Level (eng.). Monkey (mas.). Mall; wooden beetle. Mark, target. Delegate. Slope
Plumb (mat.).
sers (nav.).
Level (eng.).
Monkey (mas.). Mall;
wooden beetle.
Mark, target.
Delegate.
Slope
of an embank-
j*j£\

ment.

Carding board for grain.

(mas.). Mall; wooden beetle. Mark, target. Delegate. Slope of an embank- j*j£\ ment. Carding board for

Administration ; depart ment.

Water course (irrio.).

\ Crops. ¿ The Post Office. «¿ «* « ^ The Telegraph Yearly subscription contribution.
\ Crops.
¿
The Post Office.
«¿ «*
«
^
The Telegraph
Yearly subscription
contribution.
or
Administration.
Financial adviser.
The Railway
J
Trowel (tuas.).
Administration.
i ,*'*
Comparison.
Ranging rod.
Printer.
Steel rnler.
,
s

Climbing noose for as- cendipg date trees.

Water course (irrig.).

¿Skia.«

Cattle dung. Penknife. Pioneer (mil.). Pension. 5
Cattle dung.
Penknife.
Pioneer (mil.).
Pension.
5
Hook-bolt. ¡\9. J^J» Ferry boat. Registered ^ Exhibition. ) letter. Hoe. Cheese whey. ^» Factory.
Hook-bolt.
¡\9.
J^J»
Ferry boat.
Registered
^
Exhibition.
)
letter.
Hoe.
Cheese whey.
Factory.
Carding board for hem}),
iiaî.4
Red ochre.
Model.
j¿.
*
***"
**
Mahogonf.
Snndry expenses.
Aj^v *_L jVi.
Binder of an arch
(mas.).
*:i"
Fisheries.
il^YI
Tail
of
a
canal
¡c/i\
Tonnage.
(irrig.).
Levelling m as- ( J^
urement book.
Berint; of a canal
¡c,A\ .
¿
)
^

i

of a canal ¡c/i\ Tonnage. (irrig.). Levelling m as- ( J^ urement book. Berint; of a

Optical square (

School of Law. e_,V»V\ Student in a Mosque School of Medicine. University. School of Arts
School of Law.
e_,V»V\
Student in a Mosque
School of Medicine.
University.
School of Arts and ¿,'
Trades.
Legislative ,^
Council
Primary School.
Governor.
Normal School.
Governorat.
Polytechnic
Native Tribunals.
ij*V\
School.
School of midwifery. ;
Lawyer, advocate.
Large pestle.
Sheriff's officer.
¡&\
Course (mas.).
Winding skein.
Orderly (mil.)
Storekeeper.
Controller.
.
Pickles.
Sailor.
Camel's riding saddle
Allowances, allocations, ¿t
Prosecutor.
Bed, mattress.
Pitch fork.
Short stage.
¡
Amphitheatre.
Sledge hammer.
i
Sounding pole.
Pack saddle.
<
Dismissed, discharged.
Bed of a stone (mas.). je\
Preparatory
School.
School of Phar-
macy.
Military School.
ie</\
Pensioned.
/i
Bed of a stone (mas.). je\ Preparatory School. School of Phar- macy. Military School. ie</\ Pensioned.
Rate of exchange. Dredger, dredging ma chine. Ticket collector. Police station. , Sieve for straw.
Rate of exchange.
Dredger, dredging ma
chine.
Ticket collector.
Police station.
,
Sieve for straw.
Xf
Rag dealer.
Rake (iiut.).
Hillock. Pile.
Large sentry box.
itn> of Corn measure Steward.
itn> of
Corn measure
Steward.

an Ardeb.

Lock.

Jointe (mag.).

Brigadier General (mil.).

Large spade or shovel.

«i

Bill of exchange. Note of hand.

Regulations.

Acacia tree (Acacia Egypt- iaca).

Lighter (boat). Sown field; crop. Delegate. Rafter, beam. . Standard rod (eng.). Tongs ; tweezer».
Lighter (boat).
Sown field; crop.
Delegate.
Rafter, beam.
.
Standard rod (eng.).
Tongs ; tweezer».
Burrow pit (irrig.).
Pipe (lead or iron)
Wooden square (eng.). ,
Pile driver.
Standard rod (eng.). Tongs ; tweezer». Burrow pit (irrig.). Pipe (lead or iron) Wooden square (eng.).
European Bureau. (^"'J^ ^ Lieutenant Colonel. Bureau of Statistics. *U»VY\ 5 Captain, com- -.Ui. i"*~
European Bureau.
(^"'J^ ^
Lieutenant Colonel.
Bureau of Statistics. *U»VY\ 5
Captain, com-
-.Ui. i"*~ Jj. J
mander.
Bureau of the <.¿\ \JV¿Í Legal Adviser. (Contentieux. French) = Department for the settling of
Bureau of the <.¿\ \JV¿Í
Legal Adviser. (Contentieux.
French) = Department for the
settling of disputed points.
»
Title of the Khedive's
delegate in Constautinople.
Batter
Screw.
i Corn measure » 5*
of
Pilot.
an Ardeb :
Bolt (of a pier)
(eng.).
Carding board.
Steam boiler ; large kettle, -fyt
Glazier.
Drain pipe.
Funnel.
Coupler of
Bridge (irrig.).
railway cars.
Regulating bridge
(irrig.).
Breaches of an em
bankment (irriij.)
Chainman (eng.).
Earth clods.
Cistern, reservoir.
Bureau.
Wing of a
Valve (press).
l£.
(Vs>-
bridge (»«as.).
| Bridge.
'
&
Pointing (mas.).
¡\.¿.
Library ; stationer's shop.
l£. (Vs>- bridge (»«as.). | Bridge. ' & Pointing (mas.). ¡\.¿. Library ; stationer's shop.
Conical shaped dung bag or sack. Hook (window, etc). Gas. p Ore (metale). W- Party
Conical shaped dung
bag or sack.
Hook (window, etc).
Gas.
p
Ore (metale).
W-
Party of engineers.
Invoice.
Pottery factory.
General (ofdivision) (mil.).
Water fountain. Yoke uf oxen. The unit ¿* » of calculation divided into '24 carats.
Water fountain.
Yoke uf oxen. The unit ¿* »
of calculation divided into '24
carats.
Head of a canal.
i Janitor; valet.
Maddtr-root.
_*;
Hub or knave on
which the pivot revolves.
Oven mop.
Price, rate.
Floor of a bridge
(mas.).
Template.
Water wheel bucket.
Bed of a canal.
¡tj&\ fr\i
Mortar.
mop. Price, rate. Floor of a bridge (mas.). Template. Water wheel bucket. Bed of a canal.
' I Fire-engine, pump. i*>j*>j Sultan's scroll on coins, documents, etc. Fireman. , Leggins
'
I
Fire-engine, pump. i*>j*>j
Sultan's scroll on coins,
documents, etc.
Fireman.
,
Leggins gaiters.
^
f

Silt, affluvial deposit (irrig.).

" Coping of a para- ¡x^

pet

*"

Argil, potter's earth.

Parasitical plants (oVO (bot.).

t

Commission, rate of com mission. Lever, crowbar. ¿£> r * Carriage. *xj? * .- «
Commission, rate of com
mission.
Lever, crowbar.
¿£>
r
*
Carriage.
*xj?
*
.-
«
Holder (nav.) Shaft, pole (carriage), l^j* uk^* Dues. Monitor (school). Anchorage dues. Hamlet. Hut. Port
Holder (nav.)
Shaft, pole (carriage), l^j* uk^*
Dues.
Monitor (school).
Anchorage dues.
Hamlet.
Hut.
Port dues.
Tithes.
Corvée ; forced labour.
Tendera.
Clinic.
Stoker.
Crane (eng.).
Screwjack (eng.).
Sample, specimen.
Arches of a bridge, î^lau
Notable, prominent ¿v> g »-X»>
citizen.
Screwjack (eng.). Sample, specimen. Arches of a bridge, î^lau Notable, prominent ¿v> g »-X»> citizen.
Running knot or noose. Exhausted soil. { ^¿j\ ) ' Oate. ¿V Bits (mas.'). Buoy
Running knot or noose.
Exhausted soil.
{ ^¿j\
)
'
Oate.
¿V
Bits (mas.').
Buoy (nav.).
t

Large enclosure for straw, i

Porter, carrier. Whirlpool, eddy. Portemanteau, travelling % bag. Rope net sack for straw. *! *
Porter, carrier.
Whirlpool, eddy.
Portemanteau, travelling %
bag.
Rope net sack for straw.
*! * -»-
Tin.
Castor duct (dredger).
J«jVi
Steel.
Rocket (fireworks).
S¿
¿\¿
Adjutant Major .í-\¿\ JUpVi
-
Basin embank- jl¿»¿\ mente (irrig.). ^ > Nut (screw). 4\^Ai Kind of oat. Board of
Basin embank-
jl¿»¿\
mente (irrig.).
^
>
Nut (screw).
4\^Ai
Kind of oat.
Board of health .
( oU3
)
*
Large barge.

Public Debt Office. &j\\ ¿

Mbt.

Arsenal

Main embankment of

A

\

the Nile (irrig.)'

m

Non commissioned officer (mil.).

Valve (of a drain pipe, etc.). (eng.). Tire (iron hoop binding J the fellies of wheels).

Non commissioned officer (mil.). Valve (of a drain pipe, etc.). (eng.). Tire (iron hoop binding J
Slaughter house. Basket, Brake-van (rail). Bowl. Rope-ladder. j- Brakesman (rail). Reception room. Coat. Manure,
Slaughter house.
Basket,
Brake-van (rail).
Bowl.
Rope-ladder.
j-
Brakesman (rail).
Reception room.
Coat.
Manure, fertilizer. » ^ r
<
<
^
-
Siphon (irrig.).
ij\if
^
Cement plaster. Àjç*hl\^;*v-
Lotus tree.
^
Crosfli'tree or pivot. ~ Sirdar, commander-in- ^^j^ Cavalry (mil,). Engine driver. Reins, or any long
Crosfli'tree or pivot.
~
Sirdar, commander-in- ^^j^
Cavalry (mil,).
Engine driver.
Reins, or any long straps
of leather.
Channel (irrig.).
Note booV, diary.
Tripod.
Water camer.
Al«.
\
Insurance ; assu- ( ^t ) Vy^s-
_4 j^~
t*"
Unsound in body.
rance.
Caramel saddle.
Horse blanket.
Sergeant (mil.)
^
Large sack.

Shoulder band for keeping ± up the sleeves.

Musk melon.

Shackles, fettere (for ani mals).

Roulette (fng.).

ÄA
ÄA

^*

_

s-j

Wheat market. Draftsman. fUj *f Raft. Toll. Irrigation. Horizontal plan Flush irrigation. Vertical plan Canal
Wheat market.
Draftsman.
fUj *f
Raft.
Toll.
Irrigation.
Horizontal plan
Flush irrigation.
Vertical plan
Canal of diversion.
Observatory. t|¿
Weather cock.
Stock on hand.
Dollar.
Sidewalk. Railway plat
form. Quay.
Chief of a staff
(mil.).
Screw propellor.
<
\
}
Pilot
Certificate of discharge.
Chief of a bureau.
<¿¿"
Debenture certificate. Custom
house certificate.
Nib of a pen.
Splash board (carriage). ,j\,j
Urn, jar.
¿Jj
Square (cut-p).
Small
mosque. Saint's tomb.
Small leather
water
v3**J
Mud. bottle. Tassel. ( j.y Oats. Lattice work.
Mud.
bottle.
Tassel.
( j.y
Oats.
Lattice work.

Venerial (med.).

Large conical earthen jar for water.

Peasant's woollen cloak.

Pebbles.

( j.y Oats. Lattice work. Venerial (med.). Large conical earthen jar for water. Peasant's woollen cloak.

Steersman, helmsman.

Raft.

The State Domains.

Copper cauldron.

One dozen ; packet, pack age.

Coarsely ground corn or beans.

Fleet (navy). Archives. Sentry (mil.). Ramming (nuis.), ¿i à Consolidated ».0 Debt. Flour of Lupin
Fleet (navy).
Archives.
Sentry (mil.).
Ramming (nuis.),
¿i
à
Consolidated
».0
Debt.
Flour of Lupin (used in
stead of soap in Egypt).
Public Debt,
Oven cinders or ashen.
(riiarauteed Debt.
Rise of the Mile.
Privileged Debt,
Cotton worm.
unified Debt,
Irrigation by rotation "^^
Corn measure
'
oi
an
t,¡ j
Ardeb.
i
Groyne or spur (inig.).
Second
hand
or
oast off.
"*V,
First growth of clover. **?# ^j
Bran.
03,
Head-stall (halter).
Filling in of a hole.
Second
growth of
Pension office.
clover.
Corn
meaeure ^
'
'
of
an
Chief of the Pension

Office.

Second growth of Pension office. clover. Corn meaeure ^ ' ' of an Chief of the

Ardeb,

Reservoir. Impaling stake. Spear. Fine white Greengrocer. bread. Oats. Railway Une. Rations. ( Hook (large).
Reservoir.
Impaling stake.
Spear.
Fine white
Greengrocer.
bread.
Oats.
Railway Une.
Rations.
(
Hook (large).
Haberdasher.
Second growth of
sugar cane.
Palm leaves.
Concrete (irrig.).
_
¿.
Shoii cut (distance). t Overseer of peasants on plantations. J,¿ Corn measure ~¿ of ;
Shoii cut (distance).
t
Overseer of peasants on
plantations.
J,¿
Corn measure ~¿ of ;
Bedouin^tent.
an Ardeb
Desk, drawer.
¿
Midwife.

f>

US

Elm tree. Municipality. Wing (door, window;. Rough stones. Parapet, of bridge (mtu.). Furniture, effects. Sledge
Elm tree.
Municipality.
Wing (door, window;.
Rough stones.
Parapet, of bridge
(mtu.).
Furniture, effects.
Sledge hammör.
-
*"
'
*J"
Door bolt.
bndge (mas.).
Parapet, of bridge (mtu.). Furniture, effects. Sledge hammör. - *" ' *J" Door bolt. bndge (mas.).
Embankment. Long blouse. Eye-salve. Side ditch. ( ju J» <£») í*W '-" * Gendarmerie Verification
Embankment.
Long blouse.
Eye-salve.
Side ditch.
( ju J» <£») í*W
'-" *
Gendarmerie
Verification of measure-
mente. Sample.
ï
Chain (meas.).
Mint assayer;
assay-
^
Pin (chain).
master.
Scarab us ; beetle.
^
Hub or hob (of a wheel).

Army of occupa- J}l>-Y\ tion.

Fenu-greek (F uum Gr - i. cum).

Cakes of cattle dung used ¿S»

as fuel.

*

Washer of dead bodies.

¿

yW

«*'

Powerful argument

Carrier, porter. JW- i *' Ashlar stone. Ground red bricks. »">*-^
Carrier, porter.
JW- i *'
Ashlar stone.
Ground red bricks.
»">*-^
Cast iron, Water hawker. Pool of water. Cultivated basin (irriff.*) . * Earthwork Basin (irríff.).
Cast iron,
Water hawker.
Pool of water.
Cultivated basin (irriff.*) . *
Earthwork
Basin (irríff.). ¿)V¿*- j
Public security,
Docks.
.
Ground rent.
Cultivated basin (irriff.*) . * Earthwork Basin (irríff.). ¿)V¿*- j Public security, Docks. . Ground rent.

Coffee pot.

Colmatage (irrig.) .

Pitching (irrig.).

Sack of goat's hair.

Endless of a 4,*W\ water-wheel. Ward attendant ; sick nurse. Current (irrig.) . Theatre. Stamp.
Endless of a 4,*W\
water-wheel.
Ward attendant ;
sick nurse.
Current (irrig.) .
Theatre.
Stamp.
*A'
Stamped revenue paper. ÍA¿ ,

Theodolite

Cover, tent, awning.

Corn measure = of an Ardeb

»*

»Jul

Cemetery. Small stone mill for bruising corn. Painter (boat). Traces i^\*,
Cemetery.
Small stone mill for
bruising corn.
Painter (boat).
Traces
i^\*,

(harness).

Flat threshing board for grain.

Rations. Wages, salary. Coarse bread. (ue\¿\ a<¿) Mercenary troops. Rocket plant. Sergeant. Pail, bucket.
Rations.
Wages, salary.
Coarse bread. (ue\¿\ a<¿)
Mercenary troops.
Rocket plant.
Sergeant.
Pail, bucket.
Plaster of Paris mill.
Coarse bread. (ue\¿\ a<¿) Mercenary troops. Rocket plant. Sergeant. Pail, bucket. Plaster of Paris mill.
Private canal(irrig.). Hydraulic wheel. Public canal ( " ). Washer (tube). Cap of pier (
Private canal(irrig.).
Hydraulic wheel.
Public canal ( " ).
Washer (tube).
Cap of pier ( .).
,

Common canal ( " ) *

.-* Trumpeter (mil.). <*¿?\ \*. Laud purvey. Cadastre. Ticket clerk (rail). Passport inspector. Scouring of
.-*
Trumpeter (mil.). <*¿?\
\*.
Laud purvey. Cadastre.
Ticket clerk (rail).
Passport inspector.
Scouring of an em
bankment.
Bill of health.
The Nile at its
lowest.
Permit, pass.
Grouting (mas.).
Inscription ; registry.
Diversion (irrig.).
Cracks ( .).
Blackboard.
Master of cere
monies.
Reduction of taxes 4-:\^¿\\
or dues.
Design, project.
Mule or donkey driver.
Census.
Door bolt.
Instructor (mil.).
Necessaries or allowances
for a journey.
Allowances, rations.
Layer (/ .).
Dough cloth.
\U;
Inlet channel
Weight.
Outlet channel
,_»,
Seed for sowing.
(irrig.).
»Í J^

Layer (/ .). Dough cloth. \U; Inlet channel Weight. Outlet channel ,_», Seed for sowing. (irrig.).

*-*

Quarter- Vu\,¿,' master sergeant (mi7). '* u i Battery. " Counterpane, ^Cm. Napoleon = (twenty
Quarter- Vu\,¿,'
master sergeant (mi7).
'* u i Battery.
"
Counterpane,
^Cm.
Napoleon = (twenty
franc piece) (Ital.).
blanket.
Dried fish-roe.
\C
Bank; office.
Pier (bridge).
Land and Mortgage ,c.\¿
bank.
' Grocer.
Pawubi-oking office. ¿J~ '
Bundle, package.
Lupin. ^; Crucible. Cakes from dregs of hemp oil used as fuel, or from the
Lupin.
^;
Crucible.
Cakes from dregs of hemp
oil used as fuel, or from the
seeds of the safflower. (Car-
thamus Tinctoriiig).
Stock Exchange.
\#
Major (mil,). Axle block (wheel). Bugle. Coffee pot. E Dry reeds or cane. Earthen jar.
Major (mil,).
Axle block (wheel). Bugle.
Coffee pot.
E
Dry reeds or cane.
Earthen jar.
Inch.
Tackle (eng.).
Police.
Bul of lading. Professional lady's maid at ¿^ Turkish baths. Overcoat. " Shoeblack. ^ Infantry
Bul of lading.
Professional lady's maid at ¿^
Turkish baths.
Overcoat.
"
Shoeblack.
^
Infantry (mil.).
Yellow shoe from A
Barbary States.
Privy.

Plane-table (eng.).

Balcony.

" Shoeblack. ^ Infantry (mil.). Yellow shoe from A Barbary States. Privy. Plane-table (eng.). Balcony.

Pathology.

_

j

^

Clover, trefoil. Tomtoms. Spoke (wheel). Market, bazar. & Crockscrew. Passport. Railings. ¿£\/. \ Chief.
Clover, trefoil.
Tomtoms.
Spoke (wheel).
Market, bazar.
&
Crockscrew.
Passport.
Railings.
¿£\/. \
Chief.
Wooden mallet.
¿fis- Í
Uncut wheat or barley
Chief clerk.
stalks. Chief engineer. Bit (bridle). Desk ; chest of drawers ïè Soap remnant. Face towel.
stalks.
Chief engineer.
Bit (bridle).
Desk ; chest of drawers
ïè
Soap remnant.
Face towel.
Trumpeter (mil}
Unexhausted soil.
Earth blocks or
clode.
Whirlpool.
Long oven hook.
Travelling allowances
Detective.
Water cooler.
Compass.
Ruined temples.
^
Prismatic sur
veying compass with fegs (eng.).
Hieroglyphics.
Culvert, sluice
To imprint.
Bearing the im-
pression of my seal.
Dovecot.
AY
AY

/*#

Pumping engine, (eng.), ¿¿\^ îj\

Plant (eng.). ^ ¿¿ft " "^ \ i Plane-table with ^¿, telescope (eng.). A\S Fixed
Plant (eng.).
^
¿¿ft
"
"^
\
i
Plane-table with ^¿,
telescope (eng.).
A\S
Fixed taxes.
'jj** J
Non fixed taxes. -
Museum of autiq- ¿\&u\ ^\^\

Felly (of a wheel).

Pharmacy.

.

W.

.

"

^^

$

Materials.

Corn measure = 5 bushels.

Storage dues,

,

ground rent. Chamber pot.

» Cl« ,- uities. Wooden capstan '(««# ) Towage. Hospital. Construction. Blank form. Amphitheatre.
» Cl«
,-
uities.
Wooden capstan
'(««# )
Towage.
Hospital.
Construction.
Blank form.
Amphitheatre.
j^Uïjtl
Wedge.
.
.
4i
Opera.
Cuniform \vriting. .* X * ^ * Room, chamber. ¿V\ - Pointsman (rail.). ,J *i
Cuniform \vriting.
.*
X
*
^
*
Room, chamber. ¿V\ -
Pointsman (rail.).
,J
*i
Levelling instrument (£»¡(7.). ¿'«
Level.
Reclamation of
Sl\
'
-

lands.

Master of any trade. Lawyer, advocate. »*« »*^ ' '""' * '. * Corporal (mil.).
Master
of any trade.
Lawyer, advocate.
»*« »*^
' '""'
*
'.
*
Corporal (mil.). ijiU,\ * * ^ ^ - _,\
Pharmacology, phar-
macy.

Sundry revenues. ^ , « *^ \»\

Clinic (med.).

(mil.). ijiU,\ * * ^ ^ - _,\ Pharmacology, phar- macy. Sundry revenues. ^ , «

".' -»il

One day, oncéaseme day.

On a certain day, once. A¡ ¿,\j

U'.UV»

To-day.

Man of experience.

L-aily.

Day by day, daily, every L. day.

Daily wages ; day's work, j* i.»

On that very day, just ».^ then, at that time.

Right side. Luck, ^\^ fortune, prosperity. Right wing of an army.

Fortunate, au- ójA¡«' _ epicious. [Monkey.] " ^? Vide «j Fountain. f-j?». # (Instead of
Fortunate, au- ójA¡«' _
epicious. [Monkey.]
"
^?
Vide «j Fountain.
f-j?». #
(Instead of ¿i* »^ ) "^'
Anise.
To npeu,^^ \eyj_jUj ^
i"
"
"
-.'<
'
reach maturity (fruit).
Ripe (fruit).
g
£
^Tj "g
,
»
»
'
J
"-

Jew.

To hirt or ^) V.jC >S^i * The Greek nation ; ¿C * the lonians
To hirt or
^) V.jC >S^i *
The Greek nation ; ¿C *
the lonians or ancient Greeks.
p
engage hy the day.
(
Greece.
G~U
Í^Á.
Day by day, from day Uj.» U^,.
to day.
Greek. Grecian. "
v
r
From that day ; the
same day.
y"
,
^.
The Greek language.
day Uj.» U^,. to day. Greek. Grecian. " v r From that day ; the same
to the rigkt, be on the right of. go ^bj ^ ^. Cock. Awake,
to the rigkt, be on the right of.
go ^bj ^ ^.
Cock.
Awake,

To consider as a good omen.

To exact an oath from ; "¿+Ji to conjure one.

Prosperity, success, luck, "% good fortune ; auspicious omen

¿ watchful, cautious, attentive, vigilant.

sure (of a thing). To be certain, evident.

To be certain of, ascertain .:;

To be certain,

\

,

L

<<-

Right side or hand.

Yemen, Arabia Felix.

positively.

To believe firm- ^ ^JuL.\ ¿i\ of, hold as un

ly in, be sure doubtedly true.

From or of Yemen.

Right side, right hand.

On the oj»J\ aij Vijv.j AV. ^ W, right, to the right.

Oath. Right ¿Cb 2Í? E hand or side.

Perjury.

Right hand ; right ¿ ^1 r ^, side.

V

"

«

r

Formula of «»\ ^_j "L,^j oaíA =

By God.

Certain belief, conviction, ¿u,,

Certainly, indubitably. \L£ Indubitable truth. ^»
Certainly, indubitably.
\L£
Indubitable truth.

Confident, sure. One who "^ »« is certain of a thing.

To perform an ablution "V^? * with sand (Moslem).

Sea, ocean.

Wood- "oV wild pigeon ; turtle

pigeon,

»

*

'

\'\

"

o«^ o-;:' 5

***

f

>~\

o*--'

Right-handed. That which is on the right hand or side ; the right.

The South.

dove.

To

go

to

(

¿J.,' "Ovi if

take the right side ; be on the right side.

To be blessed, *<;^. \^ prosperous, successful.

( ¿J.,' "Ovi if take the right side ; be on the right side. To be

txt

To strike on the \j¿í *¿í crown of¡the head. ' > '¿ To mutually assist
To strike on the
\j¿í *¿í
crown of¡the head.
'
>
'¿
To mutually assist or
">
make easy for one another.
'
Middle and crown of the "*
head. Fontanelle.
Facility i\\^f ."'A
of accomplishment or attain
J 'JJ
:*
*
'J
^
TO grow up ; gk
.C; g;
j;
¿
meut. Ease, affluence, wealth.
«
become about 20 years of age.
Left side, on the
left.
The left hand.
Young man ¿Ci ,"& ,. "*,&
of about twenty years ot aere.
Tall, long, high. *
Left side, on
the left.
'
Difficult matter. "'. jCj £4 £ «!?4
High mountain.
More easy, more commodi
ous.
Easy. Small quantity.
To be of a bright
*;
white (colour) ; to shine.
3¿ Ji
^
^

A bright white ; j»^

Ruby.

Rich, affluent.

Easy liver.

Game at archery or arrows'. ^¿4. Dice ; gambling.

Ease, affluence, wealth. ^' ' A niby. Left side ; wing of an army. left
Ease, affluence, wealth.
^'
'
A
niby.
Left side ;
wing of an army.
left ^.Ú4 p
»,
To be awake, to watch, be at
tentive ; be on one's guard.
Fortunate ; facili- ^ "*
-tated, made easy and brought
to a good end, (affair) ; easy to
be done, practicable, feasible.
*
"
^.j
"
""
To awaken, rouse one ia¿\. '^í,
from steep ; to put Him on his
guard.
Jasmine. To be awakened, Jasper.
Jasmine.
To be awakened,
Jasper.

wake up. To watch, be atten tive, be on one's guard.

Wakefulnees.

Green jasper. Agate.

Jasper.

be awakened, Jasper. wake up. To watch, be atten tive, be on one's guard. Wakefulnees. Green
^ w^ Manual, belonging v Orphan. "f^i\j tf^t or referring to the hand; handi craft,
^
w^
Manual, belonging v
Orphan.
"f^i\j tf^t
or referring to the hand; handi
craft, done by the hand.
Rare pearl.
Gog and Magog.
Vide f.\j Jerboa.
£j¿n *
Glow-worm; a kind of "' ^, $
stinging fly. Reed-pen.
Red. Wild ass.
j"»'
[A kind of stew.]
ÏA**

A glow-worm. Reed-bank. ïcV^.

V'-b + & > Ostrich. Jaundice. Blight ; ^ Hand; arm. "Ueed with various meanings,
V'-b
+
&
>
Ostrich.
Jaundice.
Blight ; ^
Hand; arm. "Ueed with various
meanings, e. g. -, >'
mildew.
They are all
united against me.
To be docile,
gentle.
Before him ; in his
presence.

To have an easy confinement (woman)

_t^

Such a person has

To shoot arrows, or practise archery by casting lots. I shall never ^*JU\ J do
To shoot arrows, or
practise
archery by casting
lots.
I shall never ^*JU\ J
do
rendered me a service.
<
«
: HUMS
it.
He is Avell j**\ \ ^Ji* À
**
*
"
To aproach one 'j
on the left side.
versed in this affair.
Power, influence.
To be easy.
.
»
.->
*
}-
He is very
Same as foregoing
Be in small quantities.
U\
&
J~>.
clever, well versed in.
To facilitate, make easy^^
\*f«
They
dispersed.
(thing).
To become rich, live in
i"'
^
*"
*"
i^
i
*"

affluence.

To become easy ; facilitated.

You have got ¿1 U; c-»-i« V« U» what you deserve or merit.

Bright constellation ¿\yyi£-\ -4 of Orion.

facilitated. You have got ¿1 U; c-»-i« V« U» what you deserve or merit. Bright constellation

(S

Despairing, despe- ^. rate; hope.

one who gives up al

To dry up, wither.

The twenty eighth letter of ^ the Alphabet called Yea. As a numeral sign = 10.

1. Pronominal suffix of the \*t.^ pers. sing. = My, me, e. g.

My book. o y-SS* To dry, cause to dry, -^ wither. With me. -,
My book.
o y-SS*
To dry, cause to dry, -^
wither.
With me.
-,

Be silent ! (Imperative).

2.

0 joins it to the verb,

When the object of a verb e. g.

Dryness ; aridity. He struck me. The dry laud o. to sea). 1. Interjection, used
Dryness ; aridity.
He struck me.
The dry laud
o. to sea).
1.
Interjection, used in cal- V,
io or addressing persona =
Oh I Ah! 0! Dry. * Dryness, aridity; state of that which is dry. *
Oh I Ah!
0!
Dry.
*
Dryness, aridity; state of
that which is dry.
*
V'
2.
cTL^
/e weed aleo with J in phrases
of admiration, e. g.
oh what a
*
t;
man!
*
.
To become an orphan.
To make one an orphan.
To despair of, give up hope. To
pass the age of fertility (wo
man).
State of an orphan.
£
.
^
^
« '
Despair.
despair of, give up hope. To pass the age of fertility (wo man). State of an

Interjection expressing having Woe to Î £j * Woe to Jt j^ SI commiseration or
Interjection expressing
having
Woe to Î
£j
*
Woe
to
Jt j^
SI
commiseration or
the
Zayd.
meaning o
-

Calamity,

dis- "öS grace, woe.

Interjection used for exciting Come on ! Make haste !

Oh that Zayd is unhappy ! "Ji*" Disaster, terrible calamity. J,

Woe

to me

!

to

haste ! Oh that Zayd is unhappy ! " J i * " Disaster, terrible calamity.

you !

to

him I

Precipice» JeUjj Ja»^ * il»»j . i- ' < ^ 'I * * > *
Precipice» JeUjj Ja»^ * il»»j
. i-
'
<
^
'I
*
*
>
*
Imagination,
o'*»>j r **
fancy, chimera, mere hypothe
sis, conjecture.
abyss.
To be weak,
Ambiguity.
^¿'
timid ; be terrified. > ?><
\Í*
"u' ^
4-
Terror, fear, fright. U»,j J» j
Suspicion,
,¿jVv$;_j
ff.
p
accusation, charge.
Suspected person,
accused.
*
^
"Ufcî
The first thing, at ¿ij J^\
first sight.

Opinion, conjecture, fanci- >~¿ ful imagination.

To be weak, feeble.

Weakness, want of <i»l . * power.

To imagine,fancy, \»>j "xv > * form an opinion, suppose, think.

To conceive falsely.

To commit "/j\j \**"^ f* f,j an error, or forget in calculat ing or counting.

To lead one into ">V« >j error ; to suspect (him) of evil.

A'fj

Weak, frail, etc. ^ To suspect or ac- »_j '¿¿\ . *^;\ Feeble, weak. *
Weak, frail, etc.
^
To suspect or ac- »_j '¿¿\ . *^;\
Feeble, weak.
*
;
»
1
**" fft-s f*
cuse one of.
To be weak, £*
frail, brittle (thing).
To suppose, think, con-
Feeble, frail, perishable.
>y
jecture, surmise, suspect, imag
ine.
To
cused of.
be suspected, - ^ '¿A
Interjection used for
¿jj'
^
ÜÍ
j
-
Woe to you !
Opinion, idea, -"'.«^! ffj
jecture, surmise, fancy, delu
sion, hallucination.
Woe I (takes pronoun). ~^\ *
Imaginative
<-*.»« »V_j
***)i

Measure which "Í-AJ*,, -^ _ & ij'. "

» contains 22 or 24 Miad« (^ )

- ( 5 of an English bushel.)

faculty.

Imaginary, hypothetical,

conjectural ; false.

" » contains 22 or 24 Miad« (^ ) - ( 5 of an English bushel.)

\"

To love. -Ài.j \ » jj ^«J Giver, bestower; one who makes many presents, liberal,
To love.
-Ài.j \ »
jj ^«J
Giver, bestower; one who makes
many presents, liberal, gener
ous.
Wahabite (a modern Mos- ^ l
Beloved, dear.
"
To reproach, repri- ^¿j-Z*¿¿*
maud.
lern sect).
Given, granted.
To be faint,weak. J j^^ *.
^
Donee.
\
To ignite,
^
blaze, and burn (fire).
^,
*»*x &
«U^j
j
j
To kindle up and burn
(fire). To glow (sun).
Glow, heat (of fire, sun).
To slacken, relax j \4;\^J * ^- ¿Vj; **
.ope's efibrts ; to be neglectful,
careless.
Fatigue, faintness,
slackness, languidness.
Slowness,slackness; delay; ¿,\£
neglect, carelessness.
»j Heat, intensity of heat. Lazy, languid ; slow. o\y* £namel ; substance of glass.
»j
Heat, intensity of heat.
Lazy, languid ; slow.
o\y*
£namel ; substance of glass. \L>
Blazing (fire).
'V^'j
Port, -^ ^g: g
»t
To prepare (JAJ ^) xJ /, #
a^oft couch for one.
harbour; anchorage.
.
-
J-^
jx.
Low ground, .i\Aj j JL»J » »JAj
deep valley; precipice; deep
pit; abyss.
To grant, give as a present.
^"**
*^**

To lead >^ .^ *j¿'j¿¿ * one into inextricable danger.

To be weak, U¿^ faint.

To make weak . To throw down ; lead into adver sity ; to wound, kill.

To rush rashly into.

Granted or ^¿U» supposing I have acted thus.

To make pi-esents one to another.

To ask for a present.

»J \j

Gift, present.

¿»

Donation, gift, ^fc\^. present.

Ja»y

m-

make pi-esents one to another. To ask for a present. »J \j Gift, present. ¿» Donation,

Heir apparent.

Benefactor. (God).

Ruler, governor.

More deserving, suitable, fit.

To be close to; follow.

"J _,_,

,

one* a governor ; entrust him with an affair or office ; place one"at the head of.

He turned and fled.

Power, authority, jurisdic- Jy tion. Proximity. He turned his face. ¿a ».' 1" Uninterrupted succession.
Power, authority, jurisdic- Jy
tion. Proximity.
He turned his face.
¿a ».'
1"
Uninterrupted succession. Vy
To help, protect, «S, _, *sS \£ jg
befriend one.
«
Master, lord.
JL. r- Jl.
$¿¿ $
A kind of song or chant.
UVl»
To do a good d»ed
or turn to one.
«
x

Charged, invested with

Jls. power, entrusted with a govern ment.

.J\I;«

^rj

Successive; following without interruption. *f«*

Mutwali(aSheïte). <i.Vi.»- \\""i.

j

V.Í

"^

.- V-

"

*«^ *'- -

To beckon to, give a fflgn, wink to one.

Indication by sign, y\.7l « \.V hint, wink.

Indicated, spoken of, 4¡ll1 U-^i mentioned.

,1\ *t

*

To flash (lightning).

Lightning; flash; gleam,

To be invested with power ; \y take charge of, undertake.

Vj

To follow one another Qfo ÍVy in unbroken succession .

To turn away from.

\A

To take posses- Je - sion of.

Proximity, nearness, rfS» _7 - contiguity, neighbourhood.

Province, coun- ¿,\^|" try, district.

Patron, master,

^|'

»Q*,\ & e ti', lord. Benefactor, protector; neighbour; friend, helper. Mos

lem prophet or saint.

Friend of God.

lord. Benefactor, protector; neighbour; friend, helper. Mos lem prophet or saint. Friend of God. *-^ "^

*-^

"^

^

A\*.i'

* / To be passionately ad- dieted to, violently in love with. Birth, birthday or
*
/
To be passionately ad-
dieted to, violently in love
with.
Birth, birthday or -liVl« r
birthplace. Generation.
^ ** *"l
s~*
To lap ; euck.
x
-
*
*
[To come ty'j
together (crowd of people) .]
Birthday, time of \\^« *^ .
birth.
Christmas, birthday ¿^«J\ J^
of Jesus Christ.
[To have fa- &S^ "¿5\£ 1»^5
miliar intercourse with;
joined in close friendship.]
be
JX^ J
[Familiarity, intimacy.]
<d\y
Born of Arab and foreign jj^,
origin. Introduced into modern
usage (word, etc.). Apocryphal
(book,).
Midwife.
*
To give an
('£ ^
lT'£\ #
f
f.
-
Born. Derived.
-
entertainment to one, a grand
eupper.
ChHd.
*
*>
»
Dinner-entertain - '/^
_
ment ; wedding-banquet.
To cheat, ^J^ ^
deceive.
** -fix'
Fraud,
deceit ;
i.
"
falsification.
To be confused, sad, or over
powered with grief.
*
--
*

To fill one with grief ¿\\. '£. or confusion. Grief, troubled sorrow.

Deeply moved, stu- ¿ ^ ^ "ilVl pefied with grief.

To bewail, S $j_> *^j'j 3>'S * lament, utter piercing cries (womanj.

Wailing, lamenta-

tion, piercing cries for the dead.

To be extremely attached to, or infatuated with.

[To light or kind'e (fire, p j ] lamp). [Match; material for light- ijl] ing with.

To enamour, ^j « ., ,\ \ «Jj\ inflame one's desire for.

Violent

4^

^

love, passion,

desire.

Falsehood.

*

^fc.

"^j

« ., ,\ \ «Jj\ inflame one's desire for. Violent X« 4^ ^ ^» love, passion,

Entrance.

-

-^

^

^.

^

To give birth, beget, bring forth.

To assist a woman in ouJ. giving birth ; act as a midwife.

To give birth ; be on \¿5U Sí" \ the point of confinement, or parturition.

To have a child from Vjj"l\Í4j".\ (a woman).

rn

*

^*-*

To originate from ; be V . jj""; born ; be derived, deduced ; result from; come to light.

To multiply by genera- L j^'T Hon.

-'" .* ** r* ''£' (Mase, and ^\\ f Jkl j . JiJ,
-'" .*
** r*
''£'
(Mase, and
^\\
f
Jkl j
. JiJ,

/em. coll. and gen.). Chiíd, lad, son, boy, offspring.

To appoint as an agent, substitute, deputy, manager ;

to authorize, commission.

To be appointed as a sub- stitute, agent, etc.

To trust in, rely upon, commit one's self to.

Agency, office ¿»Nu\ * *J\?3 Proxy"; delegation. Superintendence.

Substitute, agent, proxy, deputy, manager; ad vocate.

Trust, confidence ; act of \$^\ connding m or relying upon.

of a substitute, etc.

-

,

'

Confidence, trust in others. "

Appointing of a deputy A^J or substitute ; delegation, act of substituting.

Small child. . \ S'^, J > --. Confided or entrusted "* \ tjy to
Small child.
.
\ S'^,
J
>
--.
Confided or entrusted "* \ tjy
to someone (affair) .
Birth, parturition, confine-
ment.
»
*
-
Nest (bird).

Midwifery, obstetrics. ¡£ijt\ "Ije

«Sawie as foregoing. ¿$Q _ t2^

Father; sire. ^/j^ ^ ^ To enter. Mother; dam.
Father; sire.
^/j^
^
^
To enter.
Mother; dam.

Father and mother, parents.

offspring, su^t

boy. Slave.

To^make a gift of ií\. property to one's children in order to evade mendicants.

To cause to enter ; ^ to put (onething)into(another>

property to one's children in order to evade mendicants. To cause to enter ; ^ to
A Certainly. man who fears God; pious. i^) J^V*y/ Nest of a bird. To lean
A
Certainly.
man who fears God;
pious.
i^) J^V*y/
Nest of a bird.
To lean or recline upon.
To hit with the
fist; to 'push.
To pierce (-with a
lance).
To sit leaning on the side,
the
against a thing.
,,
or with
back
leaning
-
*
1.**>
A bed or couch .¿ £= «
To thrust or stick into
the ground (a lance).
'
with cushions to lean or rest
upon. A kind of couch used by
the ancients at table.
¿^
>*
To-be dimin- ^
ished.
¿.C 'J^ #
»
Leaning upon, resting
V^s«
upon either the side or back.

To diminish (any '.Ja** cr*j thing).

Loee ; diminution of value ~{j$j or price.

M^Sj C/jj «j» '-£ ^j * To advance slowly.

* »^ - To sell at a loss. ^y ^ py To persevere in. Join
*
»^
-
To sell at a loss.
^y
^
py
To persevere in. Join a ^jf\ .
procession.
*
"
x-
x"-
-
i'
To be mean,
vile (man). Be firm and strong
(thing).
^
^
,
^
^
Slow march of t¿&\y jr ^-^'y
Troop of men
who accompany a procession.
a procession.

Ploughshare.

To stop, stay in a place.

To fasten, tie fast. To aflSim, confirm.

**x

JS\ .

*? July 5^ > ^ Jt5 -* \j ^? jjT^ *

To drop, drip (water, tear). Leak (roof).

Vice, corruption. "Li>£^ Foot of a mountain.

To confide

in, eritrust another with one's flairs.

Solid, firm,

strong, sure. Certain, affirmed, confirmed.

"* s»' Emphasis; repeti- JO\5. -X»> J

* xv'

or AflBrmation, confirmation.

tion of a word

an idea.

d . "* s»' Emphasis; repeti- JO\5. -X»> J * xv' or AflBrmation, confirmation. tion of

lii.

Suspension. Causing de- lay ; arrest (of any action).

Standing, stop- ¿i 'ing ; bystander. Maker of a £ 'oundation for religious, chari table, or educational purposes.

Informed of; exper- ienced. A halting place, ii»\'1 , a stand, station.

¿jà\',

Suspended, stopped,

£jj' given as a pious foundation for religious or educational pur poses (property, etc.).

*i»j ¡g To preserve, protect.

To fear and one's guard. To fear and &\^ '{¿ honour God ; be pious.

be

on

:

,

To stop, ti stand still, halt. To stand up. To make a pause while reading. .Endow (an institution). To set up, cause to ¿Jí 3tand upright. To arrest. To endow; consecrate to a pious purpose (property, etc.). y to ascertain. To occupy one's self with.

To be informed ;

U

w

j

»j

To stand À \»VS« j *i»Vl« ^Jf\\ stand

-by one in a combat ; to over against, oppose.

To cause to stand. Keep silent.

To delay, puff off, procrastinate ; to hesitate.

To abstain from, desist. \j> "jjff

To be persjsvering/in. £ ^ *

Preservation, pro- tection; thing is preserved or protected. , that by which any .Rear of.God.
Preservation, pro-
tection;
thing is preserved or protected.
,
that by which any
.Rear of.God. Piety.
\s'-pj Jí
Pious, God-fearing.
t
\
viT
To make a stand in battle lilVlj
against one another. [To ap
pear before a judge or court
(two paiiies).
To ask one to stop ; to Cjtf>0
cause to remain.
Protector, preserver; J\^_
that which guards or protecís.
Endow-
The twelfth Ô\
ment. Foundation for religious
or educational purposes ; mort
main.
p^rt
of
a
rotl
. Sixty
drama.
Act of standing upright,
getting up ; stopping.
educational purposes ; mort main. p^rt of a rotl . Sixty drama. Act of standing upright,

To expect, look '£y-\) ¿f for, hope for (something).

To fall upon one another "ei\J (enemies).

A fall; falling. stroke. Occurrence. Elevated place (in mountains).Important position.

There is hatred in his heart. Load,heavy burden ^\»y {»\ (of an animal). Dignified bearing, gravity "^U] of manners; staidness. Mild ness.

*

>*

Same as foregoing ( and fern.).

Fall. Blow, stroke; colli- io^ sion. Event. Battle. [Meal]. ~ .» fi t To fall,
Fall. Blow, stroke; colli- io^
sion. Event. Battle. [Meal].
~
fi
t
To fall, fall down. \cy }
To happen, occur.
Signature of a
f*£\¿
9-
*'
prince. Edict.
To slander, insult one.
Event, accident, catas-
<«j\¿
trophe. Attack, encounter, bat
tle.
To make
^
impression on one (speech).
an
£ '.^!x.U jl
'" **?\r i***
The Resurrection.
pleasing "to one, fall in with
one's wishes (something).
In fact.
j£Q\
* *"
-*
>>
'
*
^
&

-.

Conflict, "jASj, £«.> g *"**}

engagement, skinnish, battle Occurrence, event. Calumny; grudge.

Calumniator, slanderer. Accord of voices, harmony "^ of sounds. Expectation; hope.

ft

Place where any "A^*

object falls, where any event happens or occurs.

«

"

»

To fight, attack, assail. To let fall, cause to fall £j down. To put the royal seal or signature to.

To charge, «V»_j_j *^\y ¿\) '

« To tune (voices, instru- l»_j\ ments). To throw down. To fight. To afflict, punish. Fall ^ ^*^\ upon, attack.

rush upon (the enemy). communicate with a

ments). To throw down. To fight. To afflict, punish. Fall ^ ^*^\ upon, attack. rush upon
".' l "-.1 rtl * \ m } » To kindle (a fire) ; light
".' l
"-.1
rtl
*
\
m
}
»
To kindle
(a fire) ; light (a lamp).
***-
J¿yJj -^"j -* ».>'
point a certain time.
\
Fite.
j3£j J¿ j
To appoint a time or
term to.
Fuel, mater- jy'jj -4*j.> A4>
¿j
j
>
-
Time,term,season. ÍiO j\ e i**j
ial for burning.
Then, at that time.
Fiery, ardent.
Clever, intelligent.
j
rr'j

Fire-grate, hearth.

Lit, kindled.

To beat severely ; \j¿ * . * JL*. " jj ","" , ^ to whelmed, sleep).

Thrown down, ex- i t Jl > hausted ; on the point of death.

by

throw

down.

Be

over

overpowered

"

(

To be \'ß'jj 'ijti'j 'J'y. 'J*j * grave, steady,dignified, serious.

To honour, respect, exalt one.

J'

Immediately, at y¿' once.
Immediately, at
y¿'
once.

Fixed , deter mined, appointed Temporal.

Appointed ¿»,»\ ¿jVi»»_j Í-»l- or fixed time; set time or place.

(in time).

To be lj impttdent, insolent, or shame less. To be hard (hoof).

To behave impu- ' ¿>'\ , ""/y

dently, in an insolent manner.

i >" *',-* To load, burden ïj»» \.Ui\ 'j>'*\ (an animal). Impudence, mso- j.,».
i
>"
*',-*
To load, burden ïj»» \.Ui\ 'j>'*\
(an animal).
Impudence, mso-
j.,». i»\3_,
leuce, affrontery.
*
To be laden with - ^.».\,
-'

fruit (palm-tree).

To be dignified, grave, venerable.

Impudent, "'¿jg'c^-'eO insolent, brazen-faced, shame less.

'Jí\¿ 'j'y

Deafness. Cavity. "^y"j ^»j Hatred, grudge.

**

""i JÚÜ I died ; to burn, blaze (a fire).

To be kin- JÄiJ ^, ^«

"^y"j ^»j Hatred, grudge. ** ""i JÚÜ I died ; to burn, blaze (a fire). To
* -».? i' To atone for ("one's 4.;j ¿^ J ^ *" To agree upon,
*
-».? i'
To atone for ("one's 4.;j ¿^ J
^
*"
To agree upon, ^
be in accord.
sins, etc.).
*
"
«
4
To give one iv
his full due, pay the whole of
To happen, occur to
(one).
J
^^
a debt.
-.
«
-
*
Fitting. Sufficient quan-
To arrive, come to.
J^\j "
«
,
^y^
tity ; sufficiency. Proper tune
or opportunity ; season. Con
cord.
To receive full payment of a
debt.
i
\f
*
t
According to, in accor-
dance with.
J
\i»j
To cause one to die
(God).
'
Success. Prosperity.
"*\&'*
*+
To die; expire.
Coincidence. Union, har- ,»\i;\ <J -
mony, accord, agreement.
-*
*
f
*>

To be full or complete '^\ J ^3 in number (a tribe).

a promise ; payment of a debt. Accidental, by chance; casual. £,\ Fulfilment of tfUj\
a
promise ; payment of a debt.
Accidental, by chance;
casual.
£,\
Fulfilment
of
tfUj\ ^
"i\» j
Companion, friend.
"^»'j
Death, decease.
¿AJj *V»j
Sincere and faith- *O*,\ * ^1 ' ,
ful,trustworthy ;one who keeps
his word.
Assent,
harmony, concord.
cousant ; iu
-~
T>J
,
I
Union, accord.
One who keeps his ,»\1 -J
»
w
îVOj "1 ?
(Arith ) divisibility of two num
bers by a common divisor.
f
engagements. Abundant, copi
ous, full.
V
Convenient, suitable.

*

Prosperous, successful.

"V»'**-

One who arrives or comes; »jVl arriving.

To

B9t

Cy^j

C*S

4"« ^'«

*

(sun) ; to disappear.

with water. Cavity ; socket. PI. utensils of a house.

Gave iu a rock ^^\\

*1

»

To keep one's promise ; fulfil one's engagements. To pay the whole of a debt. Tobe perfect,complete, \£»' j full iu number ; abundant.

fulfil one's engagements. To pay the whole of a debt. Tobe perfect,complete, \£»' j full iu

Wealth, affluence ; J,J\ - ~\»

abundance.

[Economy ; saving.]

'^j

Name of a metre in prosody '

To quicken one'8 steps, hurry or push on, mend one's speed.

To penetrate, gu ^ -<-,-'< ¿¿'jj J*j\ far into (a region). To fathom deeply (a science).

'8

-

W W W oOc^U times repeated. Abundant,plentiful, ^»\u«, ^»' numerous. Rich. Ample, wide. Good-for-nothing
W
W
W
oOc^U
times repeated.
Abundant,plentiful, ^»\u«, ^»'
numerous. Rich. Ample, wide.
Good-for-nothing fellow, ''Vc'.
scamp, vagabond. Parasite-
S
*
To walk rapid- \.¿j£ ¿^¿i, »^ $
ly, hasten.
Turmoil, (c^"J
tumult ; combat, war.
To find suitable, » , ii,
*
^
j
^
*
.
#
fit, useful, profitable.
To come, arrive ; to
\c.
aiTJve at the court of a king
J\ ^\
To make fit ; fit one thing '" '
to another. To assist ; grant
success. Make circumstances
favourable to one (God).
Troop of new s\i*.\.
W
comers. Deputation . Top of a
sand-hill.
To bring about ¿,'y, ' . ';»'
an
parties.
agreement between two
A comer, am val. Envoy, Jkil ,
To or V>\3
il»1
"i»^l
^ "^** ^»
V
V^J ^
^* ^J
accord with, yield to ; be in
accordance with one's wishes
or interests.
ambassador. The leading cam
el or bird iu a troop.
.»'.' -
To increase, multiply.
»j^ j
To agree with,
Jt j\
comply with oi.ein.
ti
U»\J
To succeed or in ,i»y
an enterprise ; be happy, pros
perous.
To increase (a thing), "r»*.J. y"j
multiply it;
(goods) ; augment.
make abundant
«
[To economise; save.]
*j*
To come to an agree- J 'úlfe
ment ; agree together.
.
To receive one's due. ¡¿*- *' '>'
*j* To come to an agree- J 'úlfe ment ; agree together. . To receive one's
To- put into a vessel; <v»j\ ,f\\ a, receptacle. self, keep secret. To be ;
To- put into a vessel; <v»j\ ,f\\
a, receptacle.
self, keep secret.
To
be
;
To keep to one's
very intense (heat). Be emaci
ated and weakened (by heat).
Shouting; howling, barking. &'
To weaken, emaciate one
(fever).
[Attention, care.].
*
*
.
Vessel, vase, re-
ceptacle; bottle.
ijfr^\ r
Ac
.
To
ground, in the dust.
roll
on
the
¿ifrj*.
To be ill.
¿£^i
Remembering; preserving c.\'
memory.
attentive, ou one's guard.]
in one's
[Cautious,
Violence of a fever ;
intensity of an illness.
field.
_\
Battle

Attacked by illness, ¿Le-L, tile« by a fever ; reduced by it.

large bag. utensUB. Stupid ; weak. Inferior house- oOftj_, ,S\¿y g f\".f '¿ "- '»-
large
bag.
utensUB. Stupid ; weak.
Inferior house-
oOftj_, ,S\¿y g
f\".f
'¿
"-
'»-
To approach : }J¿" 4.J \¿' ^
to ascend.
»Je,
f
J¿_j *
A «ervant ; errand boy : valet.
Stupid, weak.
**
**
}***"**
Chamois; mountain-goat. Ante
lope.
To be very hot
\j-¿ ^«
and sultry (midday).
J^
,
^
A
refuge; asylum.
"* \i'
Mountain-crag ; rock.
^t'«
To burn Je í>^> \>^ jA» >_,
with anger;
toward.
bear a grudge
i
To provoke to auger, ^¿jj. ^t .
,,_
^
<x
To ealute, greet. L£' ' ¿ "s-" A
]/(?"*
Good morning «V-.«« Wu<0 *fr
and good evening (to you).

To burn with anger, bu furiuus witli rage.

Anger, hatred, gnidge. ^i,^ ^ Din of arms. Turmoil, tumult.

ncense.

To shout DlpJ. ^-jf-j '? '£'* #

ifrl;

(a crowd). To howl, yelp, bark.

Jackal- "c. «\c1 _

To gather; pre- Uj^T

To enter, ¿

j enter and hide one's self in.

¿í

"

serve. To learn, remember, pre serve in the memory. [To pay attention.]

*

j enter and hide one's self in. ¿í " serve. To learn, remember, pre serve in

'

*

-

.

Appointed place Jc\v p J«^« or time.

'

¡Same as foregoing. ±j^'4t »' K ->W«

"

"

"' Time or place of the fultilment . of a promise. Season.

Promised.

be

To rugged ; hard, difficult.

To become rugged (place). " t.'¿ Be hard, difficult (affair).

Functions of the members or organs. Physiology.

[Functionary; official."]

To take the whole of a thing.

To gather, hoard up ; Cu{\ ^¿^ .

To contain, hold some- 'Ífs-*^S thing (place, vase). To under stand, take in (a speech).

Vast, spacious.

fill.

liugged, inaccessible; rough wilderness. Difficult,hard (ques tion). To be \J_& . * \lfr1 broken or
liugged, inaccessible; rough
wilderness. Difficult,hard (ques
tion).
To be
\J_& . * \lfr1
broken or difficult (road); be
arduous (affair).
^^ *-£
j
j* .
-
«/
To intimate, prescribe, j ¿|\
hint, recommend.
To promise, give one's word.
*
s
*
S
*
--
To command, order.
^j
"
&
,
To promise \j\et\ Jej^ _*,* ^t^
good to, (ana by opposition) to
threaten, menace.
-.--
^
*
>
*
*
~

To exhort, itfrjUis-jW. Jas-^«

warn, preach, advise.

To listen to warning ; take ^ ¿\ warning and obey.

Warning, admonition ; ¿jV^u-l . sermon; exhortation.

To make an appointment jc\' of time or place.

To threaten, frighten by ¿¿¿ threats.

To promise one another -Xc.\I" mutually.

^ A promise; .c^Jcj ¿y-^ g J»^

j

"

>*

'

j

*

*

A preacher ; one who exhorts.

anything promised.

Menaces, threats.

promise; .c^Jcj ¿y-^ g J»^ j " >* ' j * * A preacher ; one

s To accomplish one's »"Jf>"^ ¿a.»

* **

object; attain one's aim.

To reside in a place, stay there permanently, abide, dwell.

To select a country to reside iu; inhabit.

'" To accustom one's \, i^i; -* Jk>j - self to ; prepare one's self for.

Residence, home. j\A»j^ g ^i»j Native country.

Fixed abode,

home, etc.

-

¿ ^1«

je j-

A bat. Mounfaiu-swallow.

To tread upon. level (land) ; to make (the bed) smooth and soft. To render easy, facilitate (an affair).

To agree upon ; come to an un derstanding with.

To cume

to

a mu-

tuai agreement.

1

^

Low place, low ground, V\i»^ low part; anything low.

Docile ; humiliated, trod- tf,V~j den upon.

Where une *^\1« V.U*»., \i»"^. puts the foot ; foot-stool.

¡\le^«

Accord, agreement.

UTJ

^

VT,JJ