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Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003
Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003
Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003
Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003
Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003
Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003

Learjet 55

Cockpit Reference Handbook

Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook SimuFlite SEPTEMBER 2003

SimuFlite

Notice: This Learjet 55 Cockpit Reference Handbook is to be used for aircraft familiarization and training purposes only. It is not to be used as, nor considered a substitute for, the manufacturer’s Pilot or Maintenance Manuals.

for, the manufacturer’s Pilot or Maintenance Manuals. SimuFlite Copyright © 2003, SimuFlite Training

SimuFlite

Copyright © 2003, SimuFlite Training International, Inc. All rights reserved.

Excerpted materials used in this publication have been reproduced with permission of Learjet, Inc.

Printed in the United States of America.

09/03

Introduction

CAE SimuFlite Welcome to SimuFlite! Our goal is a basic one: to enhance your safety,
CAE SimuFlite
Welcome to SimuFlite!
Our goal is a basic one: to enhance your safety, proficiency
and professionalism within the aviation community. All of us
at SimuFlite know that the success of our company depends
upon our commitment to your needs. We strive for excel-
lence by focusing on our service to you.
We urge you to participate actively in all training activities.
Through your involvement, interaction, and practice, the full
value of your training will be transferred to the operational
environment. As you apply the techniques presented through
SimuFlite training, they will become “second nature” to you.
Thank you for choosing SimuFlite. We recognize that you
have a choice of training sources. We trust you will find us
committed to providing responsive, service-oriented training
of the highest quality.
Our best wishes are with you for a most successful and
rewarding training experience.
The Staff of SimuFlite

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

1-1

CAE SimuFlite

1-2

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Introduction

Introduction

SimuFlite created this reference handbook for cockpit use. It is

an abbreviated version of the SimuFlite Technical Manual and includes international flight planning information. Please refer

to the front of each chapter for a table of contents.

The Procedures chapter contains four elements: Preflight Inspection, Expanded Normal Procedures, a sample Standard Operating Procedure (SOP), and Maneuvers.

The Limitations chapter contains general, operational, and air- craft systems limitations.

The alphabetically arranged Systems chapter includes text for particular systems and relevant color schematics.

The Flight Planning chapter includes maximum allowable takeoff and landing weight flow charts and a sample weight and

balance form. International flight planning information includes

a checklist, a glossary of frequently used international flight operation terms, and sample flight plan forms (ICAO and FAA) with completion instructions.

The Servicing chapter contains servicing specifications and checklists for fueling, defueling, and other servicing procedures.

The Emergency Information chapter provides basic first aid instructions.

Information in the Conversion Tables chapter may facilitate your flight planning and servicing computations.

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

1-3

CAE SimuFlite

1-4

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Operating Procedures

This chapter contains four sections: Preflight Inspection, Expanded Normal Procedures, a sample Standard Operating Procedure (SOP), and Maneuvers. Although these procedures are addressed individually, their smooth integration is critical to ensuring safe, efficient operations.

Preflight Inspection contains an abbreviated checklist for the exterior inspection as well as preflight cockpit and cabin checks.

Expanded Normal Procedures presents checklists for normal phases of flight. Each item, when appropriate, is expanded to include cautions, warnings, and light indications. Supplemental Deicing information is also included at the end of this chapter.

Standard Operating Procedures details Pilot Flying/Pilot Not Flying callouts and verbal or physical responses.

Maneuvers

contains pictorial representations of specific

maneuvers.

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2-1

CAE SimuFlite

2-2

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

Table of Contents

. Power Off Inspection

General

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. 2A-4

Left Forward Fuselage

 

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Nose Gear Area

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Right Forward Fuselage

 

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. 2A-7

Right Fuselage Right Main Gear

. Right Wing – Forward

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. 2A-8

. 2A-9

Right Wing – Aft

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. 2A-10

. Right Aft Fuselage

Right Engine

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. 2A-11

. 2A-12

Tail

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. 2A-13

Tailcone Compartment

Left Engine

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. 2A-14

. 2A-15

. Left Wing – Aft

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. 2A-16

Left Wing – Forward

 

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. 2A-17

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. 2A-18

Left Main Gear Left Fuselage

. Power On Checks Cabin Inspection

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. 2A-18

. 2A-19

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. 2A-20

Learjet 55

Developed for training purposes

 

2A-1

March 2002

CAE SimuFlite

2A-2

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

General

Before starting the exterior inspection, obtain the following:

flashlight

standard screwdriver

fuel sampler

step stool

container for fuel sample disposal.

The following is a generalized exterior inspection.

All Surfaces

Protective Covers/Plugs

FREE FROM SNOW/ICE/FROST

REMOVE/STOW

Remove safety covers from the engines, static ports, stall warning vents, pitot probes, starter/generator inlets, and APU inlets.

All Intakes/Exhausts

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. CLEAR

Fasteners/Panels

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ALL SECURE

General Condition

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. UNDAMAGED

Perform a general condition check of the entire aircraft. Note any fuel, oil or hydraulic leaks. Determine cause and have corrected before flight.

NOTE: If night flight is anticipated, check actual operation of navigation and strobe lights.

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-3

CAE SimuFlite

Preflight Inspection Walkaround Path

B C A D P N F O E M G L H K I
B
C
A
D
P
N
F
O
E
M
G
L
H
K
I
J

Power Off Inspection – Exterior Walkaround

Unfold the Preflight Inspection Walkaround Path diagram for ease of reference. Letters A through P identify each segment of the walkaround inspection.

Before performing the Power Off checks, remove and stow the controls lock.

NOTE: Procedures marked with this symbol () denote through-flight checklist items.

A Left Forward Fuselage

Upper Door Hinges/Seal

 

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GOOD CONDITION

Left Windshield

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CLEAN/UNDAMAGED

Left Defog Outlet

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. CLEAR

Alcohol Discharge Outlet

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CLEAR

Left Pitot/Static Tube Cover

 

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. REMOVE

Left Pitot/Static Probe

 

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CLEAR/CLEAN

CAUTION: Do not rub fingers over static ports.

Left Stall Warning Vane

Left Pitot/Static Drain Valves

FREE MOVEMENT/DOWN

DRAIN/CLOSE

Do not rotate the valve stems because this may damage the O-rings. Drain only if moisture in the system is suspected.

2A-4

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

Left Nose Baggage Door

 

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.GOOD CONDITION

Door

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CLOSE/SECURE

Latches

 

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FLUSH

Camlock Fasteners

 

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SECURE

Oxygen Blowout Disc (if installed)

IN PLACE

A missing disc indicates oxygen bottle overpressure discharge.

B

Nose Gear Area

 

Nose Gear/Wheel Well

 

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NO LEAKAGE

Hydraulic Lines

 

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SECURE

Nose Wheel/Tire

 

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UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Tire Chine

       

3/4 INCH FROM GROUND

 

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Nose Gear

Strut Extension

       

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1.30 TO 8.16 INCHES

Uplatch Roller

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. FACING FORWARD

Nose Gear Doors

 

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SECURE/UNDAMAGED

Radome/Erosion Shoe

 

GOOD CONDITION/SECURE

Radome Bonding Strips

 

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SECURE

Drain Holes

 

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CLEAN/CLEAR

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-5

CAE SimuFlite

C Right Forward Fuselage

Total Temperature (SAT/TAS Probe)

Probe . . . . . . . . . . .
Probe
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CLEAN/CLEAR

Cover

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. REMOVE

Pressurization Static Port

 

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CLEAN/CLEAR

Right Stall Warning Vane

 

FREE MOVEMENT/DOWN

Right Pitot/Static Probe

 

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CLEAR/UNDAMAGED

Cover

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REMOVE

Nose Compartment Door Seal

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UNDAMAGED

Nose Compartment Door

 

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CLOSED/SECURE

Right Defog Outlet

 

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CLEAR/UNDAMAGED

Copilot's Wing Inspection Light

UNDAMAGED/CLEAN

2A-6

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

D Right Fuselage

Rotating Beacon

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.UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Lower Fuselage/Antennas

Fuel Drains (7)

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UNDAMAGED/SECURE

. UNDAMAGED/NO BULGE

DRAIN/CHECK

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Cabin Windows Emergency Exit

. Upper Fuselage/Antennas

FLUSH/GOOD CONDITION UNDAMAGED/SECURE

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Cabin Windows Emergency Exit . Upper Fuselage/Antennas FLUSH/GOOD CONDITION UNDAMAGED/SECURE . .

Dorsal Fin

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. SECURE/CLEAR

Fuselage Filler Door

 

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SECURE

Right Engine Inlet

 

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GOOD CONDITION/CLEAR

Front Fan Blades

 

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UNDAMAGED

. Generator Cooling Scoop

P t2 /T t2 Probe

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. UNDAMAGED/CLEAN

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. CLEAR

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Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-7

CAE SimuFlite

E Right Main Gear

Right Main Gear/Wheel Well

 

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NO LEAKAGE

Hydraulic Lines

 

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SECURE

Landing Light

 

SECURE/VERTICAL FILAMENT

Gear Doors

 

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SECURE

Inboard Door

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CLOSE

Wheels

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UNDAMAGED

Tires

CHECK WEAR/CORD/TREAD

. Both tires should have equal pressure.

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Brakes

SET/0.33-INCH CLEARANCE

. 1 INCH

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Landing Gear Strut Minimum Extension

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. See Servicing Chapter for more information.

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2A-8

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

F Right Wing – Forward

Wing Leading Edge

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UNDAMAGED

Stall Strips (Triangles, if installed)

 

ALL PRESENT/SECURE

Stall Fences

Learjet 55/55B (2)

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UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Learjet 55C (3)

UNDAMAGED/SECURE

CAUTION: Stall fences are crucial to maintaining safe flight characteristics.

Inboard Fuel Vent Ram Airscoop

Wing Access Panels

Outboard Fuel Vent Ram Airscoop

Vent Sump

CLEAN/CLEAR

SECURE/NO LEAKAGE

CLEAN/CLEAR

DRAIN/NO LEAKAGE

SECURE/FLUSH/POINTING AFT

Wing Fuel Filler Cap

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-9

CAE SimuFlite

G Right Wing – Aft

Navigation/Strobe Lights

 

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UNDAMAGED

Winglet

 

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UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Static Discharge Wicks .

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ALL PRESENT/SECURE/

.UNDAMAGED

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Aileron

 

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FREE MOVEMENT

Balance Tab Pushrods

 

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SECURE

Aileron Brush Seal

 

CHECK SILICONE LUBRICANT

Drain Holes

 

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CLEAR

Boundary Layer

 

Energizers (45)

 

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ALL PRESENT/SECURE

CAUTION: A missing BLE affects the safe flight charac- teristics of the aircraft and restricts maximum airspeed (M MO ) to Mach 0.78.

Spoiler

 

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CONDITION CHECKED

Flap

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SECURE/UNDAMAGED

2A-10

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

H Right Engine

Engine Oil

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CHECK

Filler Cap

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SECURE

Access Door

 

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CLOSE/SECURE

CAUTION: Ensure the yellow marks align when secur- ing the filler cap; an oil loss can occur if the cap loosens during engine operation.

Oil Filter Bypass Indicator

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NOT EXTENDED

CAUTION: If the oil filter bypass indicator is extended, the filter is bypassing and requires maintenance before dispatch.

Nacelle Latches

Engine Gang Drain

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CLEAR/NO LEAKAGE

UNDAMAGED

. SECURE

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Engine Turbine Blades/Exhaust Area

Thrust Reverser Assembly (if installed)

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CHECK

FLUSH WITH EXHAUST NOZZLE

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Blocker Doors

There should be no more than a 0.25-inch gap between the aft nacelle and the engine nacelle.

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-11

CAE SimuFlite

I

Right Aft Fuselage

Single-Point Fueling Access Doors

 

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SECURE

Hydraulic Service Compartment

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CHECK

Service Door

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OPEN WITH SCREWDRIVER

Accumulator Gage Reading (minimum)

 

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. 750 PSI

Service Port Caps

 

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SECURE

Service Door

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CLOSE

NOTE: On S/N 090 to 123, there is a spring-loaded inspection door on the access door for accumulator pressure checking. On S/N 124 to 147 (Learjet 55B/C) and prior aircraft with FCN 85-17, an inspection window allows checking of the gage without opening the service door.

Aft Fuel Drains (10)

 

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DRAIN/SAMPLE FUEL

Fuselage Vent and Single-Point Fueling Pressure Vent Screen

 

CLEAN/CLEAR

Battery Vents

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. CLEAR

2A-12

Developed for training purposes

Learjet 55

March 2002

Preflight Inspection

J

Tail

Recognition Light

 

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UNDAMAGED

Right VOR/LOC and ELT Antennas

 

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UNDAMAGED

Drag Chute Cap (if installed)

 

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SECURE

A full inspection is required every six months.

 

Empennage

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. INSPECT

Examine the vertical and horizontal stabilizers, elevators, rudder, trim tab for appearance and security, and all drain holes clear.

Static Dischargers

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ALL PRESENT/SECURE

Learjet 55/55B have eight static dischargers, while Learjet 55C has nine.

Horizontal Stabilizer BLEs (Learjet 55C)

Navigation and Strobe Lights

VLF/H-Field Antenna

ALL PRESENT/SECURE

UNDAMAGED/SECURE

(if installed)

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UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Tailcone Cap

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SEALED/SECURE

Oxygen Discharge Disc

 

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. PRESENT

A missing disc indicates the oxygen bottle has overpres- surized and vented overboard. Have maintenance service the bottle and replace the indicator disc.

Left VOR/LOC and ELT Antennas

UNDAMAGED/SECURE

Learjet 55

March 2002

Developed for training purposes

2A-13

CAE SimuFlite

K Tailcone Compartment

Tailcone Compartment

 

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NO LEAKAGE

Drag Chute Canister

 

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. SECURE

Riser

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HOOK/STOW

Control Cables

 

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. GOOD CONDITION

Batteries

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INSPECT

Current Limiters

 

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INTACT/NOT BLOWN

Hydraulic Reservoir

 

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. CHECK QUANTITY

The hydraulic system must be at zero PSI (i.e., no pres- sure) for a proper quantity check.

Freon Compressor Belt .

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SECURE/UNDAMAGED/ .PROPER TENSION

Tailcone Access Door

 

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