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NView

DiagnosticMonitor

UserManual

Version10.2.0

Revision150515

Copyright,NTronCorporation,20082015
3101InternationalDrive,Building6
Mobile,AL36606

USPatent6,728,262

All rights reserved. Reproduction, adaptation, or translation without prior written permission from NTron Corporation is prohibited,
exceptasallowedundercopyrightlaws.

Ethernet is a registered trademark of Xerox Corporation. All other product names, company names, logos or other designations
mentionedhereinaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.

Theinformationcontainedinthisdocumentissubjecttochangewithoutnotice.NTronCorporationmakesnowarrantyofanykindwith
regardtothismaterial,including,butnotlimitedto,theimpliedwarrantiesofmerchantabilityorfitnessforaparticularpurpose.Inno
event shall NTron Corporation be liable for any incidental, special, indirect or consequential damages whatsoever included but not
limitedtolostprofitsarisingoutoferrorsoromissionsinthismanualortheinformationcontainedherein.

Revision150515

Contents
Introduction....................................................................................................................................5
Compatibility...............................................................................................................................5
InstallingNViewDiagnosticMonitorSoftware.........................................................................5
ConfiguringNView.........................................................................................................................6
DetectingNTronSwitches.........................................................................................................6
MappingSwitches.......................................................................................................................7
ConfigurationofModularSwitcheswithSlots...........................................................................9
ChangingMonitorTimeout(Optional).....................................................................................10
AssigningSwitchAliases(Optional)..........................................................................................11
HidingPorts(Optional).............................................................................................................12
SavingtheConfiguration...........................................................................................................13
Export/ImportConfigurationFeature.......................................................................................14
ExportingtheConfiguration.................................................................................................14
ImportingtheConfiguration.................................................................................................14
DiagnosticMonitoring..................................................................................................................15
SwitchValues............................................................................................................................15
NRingValues............................................................................................................................15
PortStatusValues.....................................................................................................................16
PortTrafficVariables.................................................................................................................17
PacketSizeInformation........................................................................................................17
ReceivePacketInformation..................................................................................................18
TransmitPacketInformation................................................................................................18
PortErrorVariables...................................................................................................................19
ReceiveErrorInformation....................................................................................................19
TransmitErrorInformation...................................................................................................20
InterpretingtheData................................................................................................................21
ExampleofthePortCountersscreen:...............................................................................22
Exampleofahealthyswitchport:........................................................................................23
Exampleofpotentialcablingissues:.....................................................................................24
AutomatedReport........................................................................................................................25
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Introduction

TheNTronSwitchesthatareNViewcapablegenerateaperiodicmulticastEthernetframefor
everyport.ThisframeisthenreceivedanddisplayedbytheNViewdiagnosticmonitor
software.

TheNViewDiagnosticMonitorisaWindowsprogramthat:
canbeusedtomonitordiagnosticdatafromtheswitch,and/or
canlaunchNViewfromabatchfile,andhaveitgeneratealistofalltheswitchaliases
thatitfoundonlineandoutputthatinformationtoatextfile.

Compatibility
ForusewithallNViewcapableNTronswitches,including:

300Series(withNextension)
500Series(withNorAextension)
700Series
7000Series
NT24kSeries

Installing NView Diagnostic Monitor Software

MinimumSystemRequirements:
WindowsXPwithServicePack3(32/64Bit),Windows7(32/64Bit)orWindows8(32/64Bit)
withAdministratorPrivileges.The.NETFrameworkversion3.5willalsoberequired.Newer
versionsof.NETarenotbackwardscompatibleandwillnotprovidewhatisneededforNView.

1. InserttheNTronProductCDintoyourCD/DVDdrive.
2. Intheeventthemainindexpageisnotdisplayedautomatically,youmayloadthepage
bybrowsingtotherootfolderoftheCD/DVDdriveandDoubleClickingonthe
index.htmlfile.
3. ClickontheheadinglabeledSOFTWAREthenexpandtheNViewfolder.
4. DoubleClickonthesetupexecutablefiletobeginthesoftwareinstallationprocess.
Notesomewebbrowsersmayrequireyoutosavealocalcopytoyoursystembefore
runningthesetupexecutable.
5. Finishthesetupbyfollowingtheonscreenprompts.

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Configuring NView

Detecting NTron Switches

StartbyopeningtheNViewDiagnosticMonitorapplication.Theshortcutcanbefoundhere:
Start>Programs>NTron>NView

Ascreensimilartothefollowingshouldappear:

IftheNetworkAdapterthatisdisplayedbydefaultisnottheadaptertowhichtheswitchesof
interestareconnected,thenselectthecorrectadapter.

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Mapping Switches

Themappingofaswitchisrequiredtoaccessanyinformationaboutthatswitch.Tomapa
switch,selecttheswitchofinterestintheCurrentSwitcheswindow,anddefinetheswitch
modelfromtheconfigurationpulldowns:

SeveralNTronswitchesreporttheirmodelandconfigurationtoNView,andinthosecasesthe
switchmodelandconfigurationmayautomaticallyfillintheconfigurationvalues.These
includeall700,7000,NT24kandtheNandAversionsofseveralofthe500seriesswitches.
VerifythatthesevaluesarecorrectonbothNViewandtheswitchbeforeproceedingtomapit.
NotethattheNViewvalueswillreflecttheusersconfigurationforseveralswitchversions.

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Iftheselectedswitchdoesnotcontainslotsormodulestobeconfiguredorverified,selectthe
Mapbutton:
(Moreonconfiguringslotsandmodulesbelow)

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Configuration of Modular Switches with Slots

Severalswitchmodelsaremodularandhaveslotswhichcanbepopulatedwithseveralkindsof
modules.Theavailablemodularslotconfigurationpulldownsareshownbelowthemodel
nameafterselectingtheswitchmodel.Thefollowingisanexampleofwhatmaybeshown.The
numberandnameofthemoduleswillvaryandbespecifictothemodelbeingviewed.

Oncethemoduleshavebeenconfiguredorverified,youmayselecttheMapbutton.

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Changing Monitor Timeout (Optional)

Ifdesired,youcanchangethetimeoutvalueofthemonitorbyselectingChangeTimeout
Valuefromthesystemmenu,whichisaccessiblebyclickingtheNViewiconlocatedinthe
upperleftcornerofthemainwindow.Thisvaluehasarangeof201500seconds.Ifaswitch
hasbecomeunreachable,afterthistimethevaluesshownonthemonitorwillbeinvalidated
(NA).Ifaswitchhasntsentdataassociatedwithaportontheswitch,allitemsassociatedwith
theportwillbeinvalidated(NA)afterthistime.Eachadaptercanhaveitsownvaluefor
monitortimeout.

Ifchanged,Save&Closemustbeselectedtosavethisvalue.

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Assigning Switch Aliases (Optional)

Next,ifdesired,youcangivetheswitchanAliasNamebyhighlightingtheswitchintheright
sidewindow,typinganAliasName,andselectingtheRenamebutton:

Userscanassignswitchescustomaliasnamestocreatemeaningfulvalues.Aswitchaliascan
containupto35characters,andcannotcontainspaces,periods,orhyphens.Aswitchaliascan
haveunderscores.

ChangingtheswitchaliasinNViewdoesnotchangethenameontheswitchitself.Thischange
isonlytrackedlocally.

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Hiding Ports (Optional)

Next,selecttheswitchandclickonSwitchDetails.ThePortswindowwillappear.This
allowsyoutohideunusedports,ortoassignanaliastoaport.Selecttheporttobehidden,
andclicktheHidePortcheckbox:

Ifdesired,followthedirectionsinthewindowtoassignaportalias.Aportaliascancontainup
to24characters,andcannotcontainspaces,periods,orhyphens.Aportaliascanhave
underscores.

ChangingtheportaliasinNViewdoesnotchangethenameontheswitchitself.Thischangeis
onlytrackedlocally.

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Saving the Configuration

Oncetheremappinghasbeencompleted,theconfigurationmustbesavedtoallowforuseof
theconfigurationnexttimetheNViewmonitorisopened.

Afterconfiguringtheports,closethewindowsbacktotheinitial(main)window.

Afterconfiguringallswitchesandports,selectSave&Closeatthemainwindow.

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Export/Import Configuration Feature

NViewincludesanexport/importfeaturethatallowseasyandaccuratetransfersofswitchand
portaliasconfigurationsfromonePCtoanother.PerformanexportonasourcePC,bringthe
exportedfiletothetargetPC,andimportitthere.SelectingSave&Closewillresultinthe
switchandportaliasesfromthesourcePCbeingavailableonthetargetPC.

Exporting the Configuration

Afterconfiguringallswitchesandports,theconfigurationmustbesavedbeforeitisclosed.
SelectSave&Closeatthemainwindow.ReopenNViewandselectExportonthemainN
View.Theexportlocationdefaultstotheusersapplicationdatafolder,thoughthatcanbe
changed.

Importing the Configuration

SelectImportonthemainNViewscreenandlocatethefiletobeimported.Afterselecting
thefileandpressingOpen,thefollowingwillbedisplayed:

SelectoneNICineachwindowtoassignwhichLANthemappedandaliasedswitchesare
comingfrom(onsourcePC)andgoingto(ontargetPC).

TheimportwillappendtheimportedswitchestothosepreviouslymappedtothatNIC.Note
thatifthesameswitch(sameuniqueMAC)wasalreadymappedandisalsomappedonthe
importfile,itwillberemappedbasedupontheimportfile.

Oncetheremappinghasbeencompleted,selectSave&Closetosavetheconfiguration.
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Diagnostic Monitoring

Onceaswitchhasbeenmapped,itcanbemonitored.Monitoringallowstheusertoreview
dataspecifictotheswitchanditsports.Ifaswitchbecomesunreachable,allvaluesassociated
withthatswitchareinvalidated(NA)afterauserdefinabletimeoutperiod.Ifaswitchdoesnt
sendanydataassociatedwithaport,allvaluesassociatedwiththatportareinvalidated(NA)
afterthesametimeoutperiod(Defaultsto20seconds).

Switch Values
SwitchValuesareshownontheSwitchDetailswindowandthePortCounterswindow.

DataElement
Switch
IPAddress

Description
SwitchName/Alias
SwitchIPAddress(Onlyshownonswitches
withIPAddresses)

Value
Ex.:Switch_Nt24kDR24
Ex.:192.168.1.50

NRing Values
NRingValuesareshownontheSwitchDetailswindowandthePortCounterswindowonlyon
NRingcapableswitches.TheywillnotbeshownonswitchesthatarenotNRingcapable.

DataElement
NRing
Manager
NRingMember
NRingState

Description
IndicatesiftheswitchisinNRingManager
Mode
IndicatesiftheswitchisanActiveNRing
Member
IndicatesthecurrentNRingStateiftheswitch
isanNRingManager

Value
YesorNo
(N/AifnoNRingCapability)

YesorNo
(N/AifnoNRingCapability)

Ok
PartialFault(highportrx
error)
PartialFault(lowportrx
error)
Fault
(N/AifnoNRingCapability)

NRingVersion

IndicatestheversionoftheNRingProtocol

Ex.:1
(0ifnoNRingCapability)

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Port Status Values


PortStatusValuesareshownontheSwitchDetailswindowand/orthePortCounterswindow.

DataElement
Port

Duplex
LinkStatus
Speed
Usage

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Description
Userassignedportaliasname.Aportaliascan
containupto24characters,andcannot
containspaces.
Reflectsthecurrentduplexoftheparticular
port.
Thecurrentstatusoftheport
Thecurrentspeedoftheport
CurrentbandwidthutilizationshownfromRX
orTX,whicheverisgreater.

Value

Full,Half,orNA.
UporDown
10,100,1000,or/NA
0to100%

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Port Traffic Variables

PortTrafficVariablesareshownonthePortCountersscreenandhave32bitaccuracy.These
parametersthushavearangeof0to4,294,967,295,androlloverthroughzero(to1,2)ifthat
numberisexceeded.

Packet Size Information

DataElement
64Packets

65to127Packets

128to255Packets

256to511Packets

512to1023Packets

1024to1522Packets

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Description
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)64bytesinsizethat
havebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthatforthe9000itis
transmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)between65and127
bytesinsizethathavebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthatforthe
9000itistransmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)between128and
255bytesinsizethathavebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthatfor
the9000itistransmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)between256and
511bytesinsizethathavebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthatfor
the9000itistransmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)between512and
1023bytesinsizethathavebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthat
forthe9000itistransmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.
Thenumberofpackets(includingerrorpackets)between1024and
1522bytesinsizethathavebeenreceivedbytheport,exceptthat
forthe9000itistransmittedandreceivedpacketstotal.

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Receive Packet Information

DataElement
RxOctets
RxGoodOctets
RxBroadcastPackets
RxMulticastPackets
RxUnicastPackets
RxPausePackets

Description
Thetotalnumberofbytesthathavebeenreceivedovertheport,
includingbadpackets.
Thetotalnumberofbytesinallgoodpacketsthathavebeen
receivedovertheport.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeenreceivedoverthe
portthataredirectedtothebroadcastaddress.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeenreceivedoverthe
portthataredirectedtomulticastaddresses.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeenreceivedoverthe
portthataredirectedtounicastaddresses.
ThenumberofPAUSEframesreceivedbyaport.ThePAUSEframe
must:haveavalidMACControlframeEtherTypefield;havea
destinationMACaddressofeithertheMACcontrolframereserved
multicast(0180c2000001)ortheuniqueMACaddressassociated
withthespecificport;haveavalidPAUSEopcode,(0001);bea
minimumof64bytesinlength;andhaveavalidCRC.

Transmit Packet Information

DataElement
TxOctets
TxCollisions
TxMultipleCollision
TxSingleCollision
TxBroadcastPackets
TxMulticastPackets
TxUnicastPackets
TxPausePackets

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Description
Thetotalnumberofbytesthathavebeentransmittedovertheport.
Thetotalnumberofcollisionsthathavebeenexperiencedoverthe
portduringpackettransmissions.
Thenumberofpacketssuccessfullytransmittedbyaportthat
experiencedmorethanonecollision.
Thenumberofpacketssuccessfullytransmittedbyaportthat
experiencedexactlyonecollision.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeentransmittedover
theportthataredirectedtothebroadcastaddress.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeentransmittedover
theportthataredirectedtomulticastaddresses.
Thetotalnumberofgoodpacketsthathavebeentransmittedover
theportthataredirectedtounicastaddresses.
ThenumberofPAUSEframestransmittedbyaport.

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Port Error Variables

PortErrorVariablesareshownonthePortCountersscreenandhave32bitaccuracy.These
parametersthushavearangeof0to4,294,967,295,androlloverthroughzero(to1,2)ifthat
numberisexceeded.

Receive Error Information

DataElement
RxAlignmentErrors

RxDroppedPackets

RxFCSErrors

RxFragments
RxJabbers
RxOversizePackets
RxSAChanges

RxSymbolErrors

RxUndersizePackets
RxExcessiveDiscSize

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Description
Thenumberofpacketsreceivedbyaportthathaveenoughlength
between64and1522bytes,andhaveabadFCSwithanonintegral
numberofbytes.
Thenumberofgoodpacketsreceivedbyaportthatweredropped
duetothelackofresources.Thecounterisonlyincrementedifthe
errorwasnotcountedbyrxfcserrors,orrxalignmenterrors.
Thenumberofpacketsreceivedbyaportthathaveenoughlength
between64and1522bytes,andhaveabadFCSwithanonintegral
numberofbytes.
Thenumberofpacketsreceivedbyaportthathavelessthan64
bytes,andhaveaeitheranFCSerrororanalignmenterror.
Thenumberofpacketsreceivedbyaportthatarelongerthan1522
bytesandhaveeitheranFCSerrororanalignmenterror.
Thenumberofgoodpacketsreceivedbyaportthataregreaterthan
1522bytes.
Thenumberoftimesthesourceaddressofgoodreceivepacketshas
changedfromthepreviousvalue.Acountofgreaterthanoneusually
indicatestheportisconnectedtoarepeaterbasednetwork.
Thetotalnumberoftimesavalidlengthpacketwasreceivedata
portandatleastoneinvaliddatasymbolwasdetected.Thecounter
onlyincrementsoncepercarriereventanddoesnotincrementifa
collisionoccursduringthatevent.
Thenumberofgoodpacketsreceivedbyaportthatarelessthan64
bytesinlength.
Thenumberofgoodpacketsreceivedbyaportthataregreaterthan
1536bytes(excludingframingbitsbutincludingtheFCS)andwere
discardedduetoexcessivelength.Note:ThePortrxoversizepkts
counteraloneisincrementedforpacketsintherange15231536
bytesinclusive,whereasboththiscounterandthePortrxoversize
pktscounterareincrementedforpacketsof1537bytesandhigher.

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Transmit Error Information

TxDeferredTransmit
TxDroppedPackets

TxExcessiveCollision
TxFrameInDisc
TxLateCollisions

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Thenumberofpacketstransmittedbyaportforwhichthefirst
transmissionattemptisdelayedbecausethemediumisbusy.
Thenumberoftransmitpacketsdroppedbyaportduetothelackof
resources.Thecounterisonlyincrementediftheerrorwasnot
countedbytxlatecollision,ortxexcessivecollision.
Thenumberofpacketsthatarenottransmittedfromaportbecause
thepacketexperienced16transmissionattempts.
Thenumberofvalidpacketsreceivedwhicharediscardedbythe
forwardingprocessduetolackofspaceonanoutputqueue.
Thenumberoftimesthatacollisionisdetectedlaterthan512bit
timesintothetransmissionofapacket.

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Interpreting the Data

Startingfromthemainscreen,asseenbelow,selectaswitchfromtherighthandwindow,then
selectSwitchDetails.FromthePortswindow,ChooseViewSwitchtomonitorswitch
details,orViewPortstomonitorportcounters:

ExampleoftheSwitchDetailsscreen:

NotetheIPAddressandtheNRingprotocolversion,whicharepresentedfrom700,7000,9000
andNT24kseriesswitches.

Each700,7000,9000andNT24kseriesNRingManagerreportswhetherornotitisanNRing
Manager,andthestateoftheNRing.

Each700,7000,9000andNT24kseriesswitchalsoreportswhetherornotitisanactiveNRing
member.

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Example of the Port Counters screen:

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Example of a healthy switch port:

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Example of potential cabling issues:

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Automated Report

NViewcanbelaunchedfromthecommandlineandgeneratealistofalltheswitchesfound
online.Theoutputisstoredtoatextfile.Thismakesitpossibleforonsiteserverstoruna
batchfileeachmorningthatqueriestheswitchesandrecordstheresults.Theresultscanthen
beautomaticallyemailedtoCustomerService,whocandeploythefieldtechstocheckaswitch
toseewhyitisoffline.Problemscanbesolvedbeforetheendusersevenknowtherewasone.

Thecommandlineinterfacewillonlydetectandlistswitchesthathavebeenmappedthrough
thegraphicalinterface.BeforerunningfromthecommandlinefollowthestepsintheMapping
Switchessection.Whencalledfromthecommandline,theNViewapplicationwillbestarted
andlistenforswitchesonthenetwork.Afterashortperiod,about10seconds,theapplication
willcloseagainandtheresultswillbeaccessible.

Thefileproduced(report.txt)willcontainthecreationtime,MACaddressesandaliasesforall
theswitchesthatwerediscoveredduringthe6+secondperiod.Ifreport.txtalreadyexistsitwill
beoverwrittenwiththenewinformation.Tokeeparunninglogand/ortokeeprecordsonone
ormoreadapters,abatchfileorscriptwillbeneededtoconcatenatesequentialreport.txtfiles
toanotherfileorfiles.

TheNViewexecutablecanbefoundinthefollowingdirectories:
32bitWindows:C:\ProgramFiles\NTron\NView
64bitWindows:C:\ProgramFiles(x86)\NTron\NView

ThecommandlineinterfacerequirestwoargumentstobepassedtoNView,thenetwork
adaptertolistenon,andthereportcommand.Thesemustbesurroundedbysinglequotes.

Exampleofthecommandlineisbelow

NView.exe'FE575C3COM10/100LANCardBusFastEthernet''report'

Thefirstargumentinthesinglequotesisthenameoftheadapterexactlyasitisshowninthe
adapterslistofNView.Forsimplicity,copyitfromthedropdownboxofNView.
Thewordreportisnotcasesensitive.

Hereisanexampleofareport.txtfile:

ActiveSwitches
12/05/201409:59:17AM
00.07.AF.00.05.09Switch509FX00.07.AF.00.05.17Switch517FX

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