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Biology Grade 8 Exam

Basic Chemistry

I.

Encircle the letter of the correct answer (4 points)


Roberto poured an acid solution into the evaporating dish. Afterwards, he dropped
a piece of litmus paper on it. What is expected to happen to the paper?
A. It will become red
B. It will turn into blue
C. There will be no visible reaction
1.

2. What is the general term used for reactions in which water is a reactant?
A. Condensation
B. Distillation
C. Hydrolysis
3.

What do you call a substance that cannot be broken down to other substances by
chemical reactions?
A. Element
B. Colloid
C. Solution
4.
A.
B.
C.
II.

What type of bond shares a pair of valence electrons by two atoms?


Covalent
Hydrogen
Ionic
Microscopy of Biological Cells

A. Cell Types
Classify whether the statement describes a prokaryotic cell, eukaryotic cell, or both.
Write P if it is a property of a prokaryotic cell, E for eukaryotic cell, and B for both, in
the blank provided after each statement. (5 points)
1.

Discovered to be the earliest form of life.


_________

2.

Its organelles are membrane-bound and multi-cellular.


_________

3.

During protein synthesis, transcription and


_________

translation occurs in the cytoplasm.


4.

It contains DNA, ribosomes, and plasma membrane.


_________

5.

Its cell wall is composed of peptidoglycans.


_________

B. Cell Parts
Match the function in column A with the corresponding organelle in column B. Write
the appropriate letter on the blank provided before the item number. (10 points)
Column A
Column B
_______ 1. Organizes the structures and activities of the cell
Cilia
_______ 2. Converts chemical energy through

A.
B. Flagella

cellular respiration
_______ 3. Breakdown of cell macromolecules

C. Nucleus

and recycles damaged organelles


_______ 4. Stores, modifies, and secrete cell products
Cell Wall

D.

_______ 5. Converts energy of sunlight to chemical energy

E. Rough ER

_______ 6. Detoxifies alcohol and other harmful


Smooth ER

F.

compounds by producing H2O2


_______ 7. Produces movement through snakelike motion
Lysosomes

G.

_______ 8. Produces movement through back-and-forth motion


Chloroplast

H.

_______ 9. Synthesizes lipids and stores calcium ions


Peroxisome

I.

_______ 10. Encloses the cell with a semi-permeable membrane


Cytoskeleton

J.
K. Mitochondria
L. Golgi apparatus

M. Plasma
Membrane

III.

Cellular Transport

Choose the correct answer on the box, then write them on the space provided. (11
points)

Endocytosis
Pinocytosis

Exocytosis
Osmosis

Phagocytosis

A. Cellular Transport (5 points)


1. A cell engulfs a particle by wrapping pseudopodia around it and packaging it within
a membrane-enclosed sac. _______________
2. The cell secretes certain biological molecules by the fusion of vesicles with the
plasma membrane. _______________
3. Diffusion of water across a selectively permeable membrane. _______________
4. Cell takes in biological molecules and particulate matter by forming new vesicles
from the plasma membrane. _______________
5. Cell gulps droplets of extracellular fluid into tiny vesicles. _______________

Chemical reaction
Metabolism

B.
1.
2.
3.

Endergonic reaction

Exergonic reaction

Cellular metabolism (3 points)


Absorbs free energy from its surroundings. _______________
Totality of an organisms chemical reactions. _______________
Release of free energy. ______________
For cellular metabolism, you could use diagrams such as:
Which of the following observations about the effect on enzyme is correct based on the graph
below?

ATP production
Glycolysis

Chemiosmosis

Electron Transport Chain

C. Energy transfer in Living Systems (3 points)


1. Splitting of glucose into two three-carbon sugars. _______________
2. Collection of molecules embedded in the inner membrane of the mitochondrion in
eukaryotic cells. (Prokaryotes plasma membrane) _______________
3. Energy is stored in the form of a hydrogen ion gradient across the membrane is
used to drive cellular work such as the synthesis of ATP. _______________

Please avoid identification questions can be varied like:


A.
B.

1. Fermentation occurs in the absence of ________.


carbon dioxide
C. oxygen
glucose
D. water
2. The presence of starch can be tested using an iodine solution. Which of the following is the
correct statement regarding starch testing of leaves?
A. The uncovered leaf is positive for starch while the covered leaf is negative for starch.
B. The uncovered leaf is negative for starch while the covered leaf is positive for starch.
C. Both the uncovered and covered leaves are positive for starch.
D. Both the uncovered and covered leaves are negative for starch.

PREPARED BY:

KRYSTIN JENICA D. TABAQUERO


MARY JOYCE B. COCAMAS